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  1. Catalogue of Bethlehem, Widowers: Herrnhut: R.27.382. Catalog of widower choir Name-------------------Born-----------Where-----------------------Became a Widower Michael Mücke------Jul 1708-------Hillersdorf Upper Silesia-1755. Comments: This catalog was written after Eva Catharina Metzger died in 1755 making Johann Michael Mücke a widower as listed. It was written before Maria Klose died in 1767 because Tobias Hirte is not listed as a widower.
  2. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. Page 346.#163. Home-gone: On Tuesday, in the afternoon at 2:00 on the 30th day of May 1786, the widowed Brother Michael Mücke went to sleep in Gnadenthal and was buried on Thursday, in the evening on the 1st day of June after a talk by Brother Gotthold Reichel in the cemetery [God's Acre]. He was born in July 1708 in Hillersdorf in Upper Silesia. His father was Katholic and his mother lutheran. In his 14th year he went to the lutheran church for the first time for holy communion. From the unrest of his heart he left father and mother in 1739 and went to Herrnhut. Because he was not accepted there he went to Pilgerruh, and after that to Herrnhaag, where he was in 1741 accepted in the community. Still in the same year he became a participant at Holy Communion. In 1743 he was accepted to Acolyte [clergyhood] and in the same year with 24 couples married, where upon they went to Pennsylvania. He lived here in Bethlehem, Nazareth and Friedrichstown [Frederick Township] and the last 25 years in Gnadenthal, where he faithfully served on the farm as long as he could. In his conduct he was cordial and edifying. He lived in sincere communion with his God and Savior. This was his last troublesome years when he was blind and had a painful cough. He leaves behind by his deceased wife, who preceded him in death in 1755, four sons and several grandchildren. His age was nearly 78 years.
  3. Church Book of the Moravian congregation of Herrnhut: R.8.35.a. Kirchenbuch, or church register, with baptisms, marriages, and funerals. Page 13. Nr. 80. Church Book of the married Moravian congregation of Herrnhut: John Tobias Hirte from Eybau [Euba] in Upper Lusatia, a carpenter with Maria Klose from Rösnitz in Upper Silesia. Page 14. Nr. 94. Church Book of the married Moravian congregation of Herrnhut: [Johann] Michael Mücke from Hillersdorf in Upper Silesia, a farmer with Eva Catharina Mügler [Metzger] from Bockingen at Heilbronn. Comments: Mücke is German for mosquito. Kloss [KloB] is dumpling.
  4. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. I. Part VII, VIII, IX. A Register of Members of the Moravian Church in this Country and Abroad, Between 1727-1754, W. C. Reichel, by Rev. Abraham Reincke. Page 336. 2. Members Of The Colony, Called By Early Moravian Writers, “The Second Sea Congregation,” Which Sailed In “The Little Strength,” Nicholas Garrison, Commander, From Cowes, Sept. 27th, And Arrived At New York Nov. 26, 1743. a. Officers and crew of "The Little Strength." Page 338. b. Officers of "The Sea Congregation." Garrison, Nicholas, Elder, Brandmiller, John and Ann Mary, his wife. Michler, John Wolfgang, and Rosina, his wife. Opitz, Leopold, and Elizabeth, his wife. (They withdrew from the Moravians in 1745, but resided for some time on the Nazareth Tract, and subsequently near "The Rose.")--- Page 339, 340. c. Names of the Colonists Who Were Fitted Out at Marienborn and Herrnhaag, for Settling Nazareth. 1st Division. Hirte, John Tobias, and Mary, his wife. 6th Division. Muecke, John Michael, and Catherine, his wife. Twenty-four of the couples included within the above seven “Divisions,” were married at the Moravian settlement of Herrnhaag, near Frankfort-on-the-Main, on the 27th of May, 1743. The anniversary of this rare occurrence, (the so called “Great Wedding,”) was celebrated at Nazareth for several years subsequent. [May not have been called the “Great Wedding.”] Note. --- ”This congregation was chiefly so settled at Marienborn. Sailing from Rotterdam, they arrived at Cowes on the Isle of Wight, Sept. 25. Sailing from Cowes on 27th Sept., they arrived at New York safe and well, Nov. 26, 1743.” A.R.
  5. 1. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. V. Part III. 2. The Old Moravian Cemetery of Bethlehem, Pa., 1742-1897 by Augustus Schultze, D.D. Page 147. Section C. Row I. --- Married Women. Page 149-150.25. Catherine Muecke, m. n. Muezner [Eva Catharina Metzger], [birth-death] 1720-[17]55, born at Boeckingen, near Heilbronn, Germany. On May 27, 1743, she was married to M. Muecke, at Herrnhaag, Germany, simultaneously with the marriage of twenty-three other couples destined for Nazareth, PA. She afterwards served with her husband in the school at Fredericktown [Frederick Township] and at other places. She left four sons.
  6. Garrison, Jerry, The Kitch - Garrison genealogy list. Notes for Lewis Mickey [son of Matthaeus Mickey & Catharina Blickensdoerfer] Hotel keeper Elected as Director of the Poor for Perry County on October 11, 1842 versus Joseph Weibly. - per History of Perry County, Silas Wright, 1873, Published by Wylie & Griest, printed in Lancaster, PA. Page 203 http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/r/i/l/William-Riling/GENE4-0007 .html?Welcome=983767030 320. Johann Michael Muecke, born July 1708 in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia, Germany; died May 30, 1786 in Nazareth, Northampton Co., PA. He married 321. Eva Catherina Metzger May 27, 1743 in Hernhagg, Germany. 321. Eva Catherina Metzger, born November 24, 1721 in Boeckingen, Germany; died August 12, 1755 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA. Children of Johann Muecke and Eva Metzger are: 160 i. Matthias Muecke, born March 09, 1755 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA; died November 04, 1832 in Lititz, Lancaster Co., PA; married Catherine Blickensderfer October 06, 1782 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA. ii. Johann Michael Muecke, born January 02, 1744/45 in Nazareth, PA; died March 12, 1747/48 in Nazareth, PA. iii. Peter Muecke, born May 11, 1747 in Nazareth, Northhampton Co., PA; died April 30, 1816; married (1) Anna Opitz April 21, 1784 in Nazareth, PA; born March 29, 1747; died 1784 in Hope, NJ; married (2) Elizabeth Haller April 10, 1785 in Nazareth, PA; born May 03, 1747 in Montgomery Co., PA; died September 03, 1818 in Nazareth, Northhampton Co., PA. iv. Johannes Muecke, born August 22, 1749 in Friedrichstown, Montgomery Co., PA; died February 06, 1807 in Bethabarra, NC; married (1) Magdalena Hirte June 01, 1774 in Bethabarra, NC; born May 1750; died December 09, 1801 in Bethabarra, NC; married (2) Juliana Strub March 10, 1803 in NC; born August 20, 1771 in Bethabara, NC; died January 31, 1844 in Salem NC. v. Ludwig Muecke, born May 29, 1752 in Friedenstahl, PA; died 1837 in Plainfield Twp., Northhampton Co., PA; married Mary Domenick February 04, 1779 in Philadelphia, PA; died Unknown.
  7. Clarence E. Beckel, Early Marriage Customs; Moravian Church, Bethlehem (: The Pennsylvania German Folklore Society Vol. Three, 1938). Page 19. The Church Book of the Moravian congregation of Herrnhaag contains the following statement: Unitaets --- Archiv, Herrnhut; --- R. 8 Nr. 35. “ 27 May (1743), in an extraordinary assemblage in Herrnhaag, after a stirring discourse by Bro. Zinzendorff, the following persons were married with much grace and benediction, preparatory to entering upon the work for which they were destined in Pennsylvania: The several parties of this wedding were: Page 20. HIRTE, Johann Tobias. b. 1707 in Euba, Upper Lusatia. Served in the Saxon army and was converted by the Moravian Brethren. Assisted in erection of homes in Herrnhaag, and was the master carpenter at the building of Nazareth Hall; d. February, 1770, in Bethlehem. KLOSS (KLOSE), Maria. b. 1710 in Roesnitz [Rösnitz], in Silesia. Served with husband in Nazareth, Gnadenthal, and Bethlehem; d. March, 1767, in Bethlehem. The above two pair were married by Rev. Marggraff. Page 23. These two couples [below] married by Rev. Layritz. MUECKE, Michael. b. 1708 in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia, of Catholic and Lutheran parentage; a cooper; in 1743 was received by the Moravian Brethren in Herrnhaag, as an acolyte; lived in various congregations here, and d. 30 May, 1786, in Nazareth; had four [five] sons. MUEPLER [METZGER], Eva Catharina. Name is spelled MUEZNER and MITZNER, in the Bethlehem records. b. 1720, in Boeckingen, near Heilbronn, Germany; served with husband in the schools at Fredericktown [Frederick Township] and elsewhere; d. August, 1755, in Bethlehem. [Bethlehem records mean the Death Record at p. 234. No. 192. "Eva Catharina Mükin geb. [geboren] Müznerin" which is more detailed than this report.]. Comments: Page 27, 28. The Diary of the Herrnhaag congregation contains the following account of the departure: “24 August (1743). The Pennsylvania colonists assembled early in Marienborn --- with keen satisfaction that the day had arrived when they were to begin their journey to Pennsylvania --- All of the two groups who were married in the ceremonies held May 27 and June 19, left, with the exception of [four couples]. In addition to those newly-married, there were other married persons and some single Brethren who also left, besides nine couples expected from Herrnhuth [Herrnhut]. Each colony departing had its leader or chief, and two assistants. The groups were divided as follows: 1st Colony: Bro. Samuel Krause, who was to accompany them to Holland and would then return, had nine couples: Hirte and Schober (who were his assistants) and their wives; and Biefel;. Kunckler. Gaetje, Reichardt, Martin Boehmer, Gottlieb Anders, and Michael Muecke, with their wives. 2nd Colony: --- 3rd Colony: --- 4th Colony: --- 5th Colony: --- The first group left Marienborn with Bro. Krause, at 11 A. M. Before that they all ate together at a common meal, and then left unaccompanied and quietly, except for the playing of the trombones at the castle, which was also repeated upon the departure of the others. At 2 P. M., Wahnert departed with his Colony. At Rotterdam the five groups found Captain Nicholas Garrison awaiting them. On September 12th, they were joined by the party from Herrnhut consisting of ten married couples, four single men and a single woman. They lifted anchor at Rotterdam on September 16, arrived nine days later at Cowes on the Isle of Wight, where six married couples and the widowed mother of one of the men awaited them. The ship, called “Thee Little Strength”, sailed from Cowes on September 17 and anchored off Staten Island November 26. The ensign of the ship was, “a lamb passant with a flag, on a blood colored field.” Page 29. The Congregation was divided into bands each under a leader, and proceeded on foot from New Brunswick to Bethlehem. [Sixty-three miles from New Brunswick to Bethlehem.] Most of the parties arrived on December 6th. It was late in the evening when the last band arrived. The congregation in Bethlehem had prepared a love feast in the Chapel. “They sat up and waited.” Peter Boehler, then in charge in Bethlehem, describes the service: “The Chapel was quite filled, and all rejoiced like children at the new influx to our little manger, (Kripplein). The Bethlehem brethren served the newcomers and bathed their galled and weary pilgrim feet, for they had bad weather, roads and lodging, and often scarcity of food on their journey.” On January 2, 1744, thirty-two of the young married couples started in the evening; and in a prayer service consecrated the Chapel in the Ephrata House.
  8. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1756. Page 234.#192. Home-gone Brethren: Eva Catharina Müke [Muecke], born Müzner [Metzger], Brother Michael Müke's [Mücke's] wife, went blessedly to her Savior in the afternoon at 4:00 on Monday the 11th day of August 1755 in Bethlehem. [Eva Catharina Metzger] was born on the 25th day of November 1720 [baptized 24 Nov 1721] in Böckingen near Heilbronn and in the lutheran church there baptized and raised. She was awakened through Pastor Schmidt's sermons and assemblies, and moved in the spring of 1743 to Herrnhag [Herrnhaag] with her cousin, brother Peter Schnepf, who had taken her [and her mother and four siblings] into his house and raised her after the premature death of her father. [Melchior Metzger died on the 3rd day of May 1732 at 53 years of age.] Soon after her arrival in May of the same year she was admitted into the community and to holy communion, and married the 27th day of May [1743] to brother Mich. Müke [Johann Michael Mücke], together with 23 couples destined for Nazareth. In the same year still she moved with the 120 on "the Little Strength" to Pennsylvania and arrived on the 6th day of December [1743] in Bethlehem, moved with her husband and the other brothers and sisters the 2nd day of January 1744 to Nazareth. In 1747 she arrived with her husband in Friedrichstown [Frederick Township] at the sisterhood of the children's institute. On the 27th day of April 1751 they moved with the first residents to Friedensthal and lived there until the 11th day of December 1754, at which time she came to Bethlehem where she had a blessed stay ever since. During her marriage she became a mother of five sons, the first of which Johann Michael died early and the remaining four, Peter, Johannes, Ludwig [Ludewig] and Matthew [Matthaeus] are still here. Four weeks ago she had an attack of fever and dysentery, which soon weakened her. She had a fervent desire for going home and looked forward to the hour which is mentioned above. She was blessed by Sister A. M. Heel with the words: "When my mouth will get pale, shall of the myrrh of the deceased my dying bones have the last unction, and I join the community." Her body [casket] was buried on the 12th day of August [1755] in our Bethlehem cemetery [God's Acre], after she had reached an earthly age of 34 years, 8 months and 18 days. Comments: Sister A. M. Heel was a "Sister" in Bethlehem, PA in 1755. The "brothers and sisters" comes from the German word geschwister. Metzger is German for butcher. Peter Schnepf was probably a cousin by the marriage of his father to a Rudolph. Eva Catharina Metzger's godmother was Susanna Elisabeth [Rudolph], the legitimate wife of Hanss Leonhard Schnepf. Eva Catharina Metzger's father, Melchior Metzger, died 3 May 1732 at the young age of 53. In 1732, Eva and her siblings' age and marriage status were as follows: Johann Leonhard 25, to be married in 1737; Susanna Elizabeth 21, to be married in 1732; Maria Susanna 18, to be married 22 Oct 1743; Anna Elizabeth 14, to be married 9 July 1743; Eva Catharina 11, to be married 23 May 1743. Eva Catharina Metzger's mother, Anna Maria Rudolph, was 50 when her husband died and 71 when she died 15 Dec 1753.
  9. Website: Moravian Brethren from the Czechlands, Miloslav Rechcigl Jr. The Second Sea Congregation arrived on the "Little Strength" [Captain N. Garrison] in New York on November 26, l743. It brought thirty-one Brethren from the Czech Lands, including ten from Moravia, eighteen from Silesia and three from Lusatia. [Page 22. of 48.] John Michael Muecke (1708-1786), a cooper, from Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia; Acolyte; died at Gnadenthal, PA in May 1786 (NC112). Comments: Page 14. of 48. Moravian Brethren from Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia: Their arrival and settlement in America by Miloslav Rechcigl Jr. Moravian Brethren from the Historic Czech Lands in Order of their Arrival in America Before Page 20. of 48. Specific individuals are listed in order of their arrival in America, under the name of the ship (if known), which brought them to the American shores. Whenever available, vital data have been provided for individual immigrants, together with their occupation and with information on where they settled and where they were buried. The numbers in parentheses refer to the numbered entries in Neisser's List of Emigrants and/or to a page in the relevant burial books Page 5 of 35. The First Sea Congregation was brought to America on the ship Catherine which arrived on June 7, 1742 (38). It was led by a native Moravian, George Piesch, and included three Brethren from Bohemia, six from Moravia, five from Silesia and two from Lusatia, out of the total of fifty-five passengers. [NC112 refers to the Nazareth Cemetery records, p. 112 of F. T. Kluge's burial book “Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society” Vol. VII. Part III. 1904.] [However, NC112 does not state he was a cooper. Maybe the English NC112 didn't translate all that was in the F. T. Kluge's German burial book. A cooper is a barrel maker.].
  10. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part III. The Moravian Graveyards at Nazareth, PA 1744-1904, by The Rev. Edw. T. Kluge. Page 112.#163. Michael Muecke. xi, s. 3. [Death] May 30 [Johann Michael Mücke died on the 30th day of May 1786 in Gnadenthal, PA and was buried on the 1st day of June 1786 in the sixth row, third grave south of the middle walk in the second Moravian graveyard at Nazareth, PA.] Born 1708, in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia. His father was a Catholic, his mother Lutheran. When fourteen years old, united with the Lutheran Church; but, being in great spiritual unrest, he came to Herrnhut, then to Pilgerruh [Pilgrims Rest in Denmark], then to Herrnhaag, where he united with the congregation in 1741. In 1743 was received as an acolyte, and, at the same time with twenty-four others, was married, and went to Pennsylvania. Lived in various congregations. “He lived in intimate union with the Savior.” His wife died in 1755; he had four [five] sons. Comments: Buried in the 6th row, 3rd grave south of the middle walk in the second Moravian graveyard, Nazareth, PA.
  11. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1756. Page 24. Johannes Mücke, the little son, was born on Friday the 22nd day of August 1749 in Friedrichstown [Frederick Township] and there into the song hour was baptized into the death of the lamb by Brother Adolph Meyer. His parents were brethren [Johann] Michael and Eva Catharina [Metzger] Mücke. Comments: Brother Adolph Meyer was a pastor in Frederick Township, PA in 1749. Brother John Henry Haller was a pastor in Frederick Township, PA ~1747. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister.
  12. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. IV. 1780-1783 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. IV [Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1968]. Page 1922-1923. Men resident in Wachovia, 1775 to 1783. (The following lists have been compiled from various church registers and congregation catalogs in the Salem Archives; the list of men living on separate plantations is taken from a tax list of 1780. Names of women and children are omitted. The date following the name is the year of birth.) Salem: Holder, Charles, 1744; Spach, Johann Gottlieb, 1764; Strub, Johann Jacob, Bethabara: Holder, George, 1729; Leinbach, Ludwig, 1743; Mücke (Micke), Johannes, 1749 [year of birth] Bethania: Hauser, Abraham, 1761; Hauser, George, Jr., 1755; Hauser, George, Sr., 1730; Hauser, Jacob, Jr., 1764; Hauser, Jacob, Sr., 1733; Hauser, Johannes, 1754; Hauser, Martin, 1733; Hauser, Michael, Jr., 1758; Hauser, Michael, Sr., 1731; Hauser, Peter, 1740; Hege, Balthaser, 1714; Leinbach, Abraham, 1744; Leinbach, Benjamin, 1746; Leinbach, Joseph, 1741; Opiz, Carl Gottlob, 1754; Strub, Johannes, Jr.,; Strub, Johannes, Sr., 1719; Strub, Samuel, 1757. Comments: Johannes Mücke was born in 1749.
  13. Rev. Levin T. Reichel, The Moravians in North Carolina. An Authentic History (Phiadelphia: Clearfield Company, 1857). Appendix No. I. First Settlers and heads of Families. This list has been carefully extracted from the church records of the different Moravian congregations in North Carolina; and many of the present members of the church will, no doubt, be gratified to find on record here, when their ancestors arrived in this country, and where their burial places may be found. Page 185. Mücke, John born in 1749 near Philadelphia; died in 1807 in Bethabara.
  14. 93. North Carolina: Bethabara Moravian Congregation [Birth & Marr] Death Record. grave: 124 · First Name: Johanne · Middle Name: not known · Last Name: Mucke · Date of Birth: August 22, 1749 · Date of Death: February 6, 1807 · Historical Information: Cooper and farmer near Bethabara - Born, August 22, 1749, near Philadelphia, PA; parents not known; married, first, in Bethabara, June 1, 1774, Magdalena (Hirte), who died in December, 1801; married, second, Juliane Strub, widow (Philipps), March 10, 1803; by the first marriage he had five children; by the second marriage he had two children; died February 6, 1807. Comments: Johannes Mücke was married to Magdalena Hirte and Juliane Strub.
  15. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 3. [S6a] [C]Family No. 4 Johannes Mickey, born 22 August 1749, died 6 February 1807, and was married 1 June 1774 to Magdalena Hirte, born May 1750, died 9 December 1801. Johannes was born in (Frederick Township), Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, while his parents were working in a school run by the Moravian Brethren and held in the house (still standing) of Henry Antes, one of the Brethren. In 1764, when Johannes was 15 years old, he went with a group of boys from Bethlehem to Bethabara, North Carolina to live with the Moravian Congregation there. He worked in the brewery and eventually took it over completely when the brewer died. He also had been trained as a cooper. For a time, he had a farm outside the Moravian community of Bethabara. Johannes' first wife, Magdalena Hirte, was the daughter of Tobias and Maria (Klose) Hirte, christened 13 May 1750. Johannes and Magdalena had five children: a. Johann Ludwig (John Lewis) Mickey, born 18 April 1775 - See Families Nos. 5 & 60 b. Matthaeus Mickey, born 21 April 1779; died 31 May 1779 c. Maria Elisabeth Mickey, born 12 February 1781 - See Family No. 61 d. Anna Benigna Mickey, born 4 June 1784 - See Family No. 62 e. Samuel Gottlieb Mickey, born 2 February 1790; died 22 September 1795 Sources: 7e.
  16. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. II. 1752-1775 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. II [Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1968]. Page 809. Wachovia memorabilia, 1774. (There are two copies of the Wachovia Memorabilia filed, one somewhat shortened in form. As there is necessarily much repetition in the Memorabilia from year to year the shorter form is here used, except where some item was omitted that needs to be given,---the paragraphs taken from the longer copy are enclosed in brackets ( ). Where unimportant paragraphs are omitted * * * are used, otherwise it is a full translation.) Page 811. Salem. The Congregation of Salem---[1774] ---Br. and Sr. Peter Rose have taken charge of the plantation near Salem, from which Br. and Sr. George Holder have moved away, (and have gone, with their two children, to their farm near Bethabara). (Four couples have been married, --- Peter and Anna Rosina Rose, Johann Christian and Christine Fritz, Heinrich and Anna Dorothea Stoehr, Johann and Magdalena [Hirte] Mücke, the last pair being from Bethabara, where they are living), and the Stöhrs having moved thither. Page 817. June 1. [Salem Diary, 1774.] In a Meeting of Communicants Br. Graff preached; then the Marriage Doxology was sung, and Heinrich Stoehr and Anna Dorothea Schutz were married by Br. Tiersch, and Johannes Micke [Mücke] and Magdalena Hirt [Hirte] by Br. Utley. Comments: On the 1st day of June, 1774, Johannes Mücke and Magdalena Hirte were married in Salem, North Carolina by Br. Utley. He was an English minister. In 1743, Richard and Sarah Utley accompanied their parents, Johann Michael Mücke-Eva Catharina Metzger & Johann Tobias Hirte-Maria Klose on the Second Sea Congregation trip from Germany to Bethlehem, PA. Magdalena Hirte, when she was 16, was escorted by Richard and Sarah Utley who arrived in 1766 as escorts of the party of single women and girls who walked from Bethlehem to Salem, North Carolina. Both the Utleys died in Salem in 1775 and 1791 respectively.
  17. Website: Early Settlers in the Wachovia Community. Magdalena Hirte walks from PA to NC Richard and Sarah Utley arrived in 1766 as escorts of the party of single women and girls who walked from Bethlehem. He was an English minister. Both died in Salem, in 1775 and 1791 respectively. The year 1766 was noteworthy for the arrival of two groups of young people who walked all the way from Pennsylvania to North Carolina. On October 11, a company of eight boys, all about 12-13 years old, arrived with five adult men. The church diary records that "they arrived about five o'clock, and were greeted with trumpets." On November 1 of a party of 16 single women and older girls arrived with a married couple, Richard and Sarah Utley, and Anna Maria Schropp, wife of Mattheaus Schropp who had come in July of that year. Their journey took 29 and a half days. In 1981 a Salem college professor, Dudley Shearburn, repeated this trek, taking as nearly as possible the same route down the valley of Virginia. Her account of her trip is published in Three Forks of Muddy Creek, Vol. 8. Magdalena Hirt arrived in 1766, and married Johannes Mücke in 1774. She died in Bethabara in 1801. Anna Maria Kraus arrived in 1766, at age 47 the leader of the party of Single Sisters and Older Girls who walked all the way from Bethlehem. She did not marry, but continued to serve as a leader of the Single Sisters until 1786, when she retired due to "age and weakness." She died in Salem in 1798.
  18. Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC. No. 58. Magdalena Micke, a married woman mn Hirtel, wife of John Micke b. 1750 Bethlehem, Pa. d. Dec 9. 1801 near Bethabara. Comments: Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC The following is list of persons buried in the old graveyard at the "Dutch Fort", or what is now known as Bethabara in Winston-Salem, NC: Samuel Gottlieb Micke, Magdalena [Hirte] Micke, Barbara [Shore] Muecke, and Lewis Micke. During the Indian uprisings, these first settlers were protected by the Moravians within the fort walls of Bethabara. Should death occur during these times, these settlers were not buried in the Moravian God's Acre, but instead, at the "Stranger's graveyard" aka Dobbs Parish Graveyard, which was established Oct 5, 1759 and located south of the Bethabara Mill. Its dimensions, including walkways, were 96 feet from east to west and 60 feet from north to south. It was divided into four squares: that to the southwest being for men; northwest for women; southeast for boys; and northeast for girls. The graves are generally numbered in order of the death. (Editors Note: The following information was gleaned from parts of the Cranford Collection in the NC Room. The editor assumes no responsibility for errors, as this information is second hand.).
  19. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. I. 1752-1771 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. I [Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1968]. Page 343. 1766 Catalogue of the Inhabitants of Bethabara in Wachovia. Page 345. Peter [Johannes] Mücke, Brewer & Stiller. Page 489. [Arrived] Nov. 1. 1764 Peter [Johannes] Micke - Died, Bethabara, 1807. Comments: Page 345. This definitely was Johannes. In 1766, Johannes was 17; Peter was 19. Page 489. This definitely was Johannes who died 6 Feb 1807 in Bethabara because Peter died 30 Apr 1816 in Nazareth. In 1764, Johannes was 15; Peter was 17. [Page 484. This was the] Register of those who came here [to Wachovia] from other Congregations.
  20. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. VI. 1793-1808 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. VI [Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1970]. Page 2902. Feb. 8. [1807] In the afternoon a large company assembled for the interment of the remains of our departed Br. Johannes Mücke, who passed away on the 6th . . .[Feb 1807]. Comments: Johannes Mücke died on the 6th day of February 1807 in Bethabara, North Carolina.
  21. 1. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. V. Part III. 2. The Old Moravian Cemetery of Bethlehem, Pa., 1742-1897 by Augustus Schultze, D.D. Page 147. Section C. Row I. --- Married Women. Page 149-150. 25th grave. Catherine Muecke, m. n. Muezner [Eva Catharina Metzger], [birth-death] 1720-[17]55, born at Boeckingen, near Heilbronn, Germany. On May 27, 1743, she was married to M. Muecke, at Herrnhaag, Germany, simultaneously with the marriage of twenty-three other couples destined for Nazareth, PA. She afterwards served with her husband in the school at Fredericktown [Frederick Township] and at other places. She left four sons. Comments: Buried in the 25th grave, 1st row, section C of the married women in the Old Moravian Cemetery, Bethlehem, PA.
  22. 1. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 258. A List of the Interments in the Old Moravian Graveyard on Market Street in Bethlehem, Pa. belonging to J. Hill Martin of the Philadelphia Bar. 2. Vitals: B-M-D Images F384711 Cemetery Record: Gravestone inscriptions in Moravian graveyards in Nazareth and Bethlehem and some church records, 1742-1904 Philadelphia 1911. Image-Page--Grave#-Section--Loc#-Name & Nativity---------------------------Date of Birth--Date of Death #10------9-------191--------I-------25---Eve. Cath. Muecke [Metzger]------------25 Nov 1720--11 Aug 1755. Comments: Buried in the 25th grave, section I, grave #191 in the Old Moravian Graveyard, Bethlehem, PA. Eva Catharina Metzger died five months after her son Matthaeus was born.
  23. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. V. 1784-1792 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. V [Raleigh, NC: The North Carolina Historical Commission, 1941.]. Page 2018. June 19. [ok 1784 per Jasper], George Lang, of Deep Creek, brought his son George Heinrich [10 years old] to the boys' school here; he will be cared for by Br. and Sr. Daniel Christmann. Br. Martin Lick returned from Pennsylvania about noon. -- Page 2036. Aug. 4. [1784] Because brandy has been taken from them, William Volk has stirred up the workmen to demand higher wages for building the tavern. The matter shall be discussed and settled by a special committee. Gottlob Krause is appointed to keep order at the building. Aug. 13. [1784] (Aelt. Conf.) Mücke would like to find a husband for the Negress who serves his household; it is suggested that Abraham would do, for whom a change might be a good thing, provided this suits her master and her. [Anna Benigna Mücke was born in 1784.] Page 2049. [8 Feb 1784 per Jasper, p. 42-43] “Feb 8. [1784] In congregation---Just before the evening meeting of the congregation Friedrich Lang, from Deep Creek brought a request that Br. Lorenz would come to George Lang, whose wife passed away this morning; also that he would baptize the little child born twelve days ago. So on Monday, the 9th, I rode thither with Friedrich Lang; reaching the home of George Lang in the evening about six o'clock. I stayed about an hour, then went three miles further to the home of Friedrich Lang, where I spent the night. On Tuesday, the 10th I returned to George Lang's. It snowed a little, and it was nearly eleven o'clock before all the people had come. First I held a service, speaking on the words: “Suffer little children to come unto Me,” and then baptized the twins born on Jan. 29th to the now departed Catharina Lang; they received the names Jacob and Sara. The mother herself had selected the names. By the time this service was over all had assembled, and I spoke on John vi, 40, those assembled being touched to tears. An account was read of the more important events in the life of the departed, and then her remains were taken to their last resting place, half a mile from her home, on her father's land, whither she had already seen two children carried. At the grave, as in the preceding service, appropriate hymns were sung, and finally the benediction was pronounced. If the procession was not exactly after the custom of the Brethren yet all was done with attention and respect. Soon thereafter two fathers from a German neighborhood about seven miles away said that they would like to have their children baptized also, and I could not refuse, so in a brief service, and with the usual liturgy, the two children were baptized Christian Bro and Peter Danner. B this time it was too late to return home. Feb. 11. The weather was cloudy, with some sleet. Br. Lorenz, who spent last night with George Long, went with him to the home of Valentine Reis, where a service was held for several families and two little children were baptized, Daniel Gross and Catharine Habes.54 In the tenth hour I returned with Friedrich Long, and as he had business in Salem I let him go thither and I arrived in Bethabara before night. No service could be held because of the weather.” -------------------------------------------- 54Also spelled Happes in the records. --------------------------------------------. Comments: 1784 was the birth of Jacob Lang and Sara Lang and the death and burial of Catharina Miller Lang, wife of George Lang. Also, but not mentioned here, the future wife of Jacob Lang, Anna Benigna Mücke, was born in Salem, 1784..
  24. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 3. [S6a] [C] Family No. 4 Johannes Mickey, born 22 August 1749, died 6 February 1807, and was married 1 June 1774 to Magdalena Hirte, born May 1750, died 9 December 1801. Johannes was born in (Frederick Township), Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, while his parents were working in a school run by the Moravian Brethren and held in the house (still standing) of Henry Antes, one of the Brethren. In 1764, when Johannes was 15 years old, he went with a group of boys from Bethlehem to Bethabara, North Carolina to live with the Moravian Congregation there. He worked in the brewery and eventually took it over completely when the brewer died. He also had been trained as a cooper. For a time, he had a farm outside the Moravian community of Bethabara. Johannes' first wife, Magdalena Hirte, was the daughter of Tobias and Maria (Klose) Hirte, christened 13 May 1750. Johannes and Magdalena had five children: a. Johann Ludwig (John Lewis) Mickey, born 18 April 1775 - See Families Nos. 5 & 60 b. Matthaeus Mickey, born 21 April 1779; died 31 May 1779 c. Maria Elisabeth Mickey, born 12 February 1781 - See Family No. 61 d. Anna Benigna Mickey, born 4 June 1784 - See Family No. 62 e. Samuel Gottlieb Mickey, born 2 February 1790; died 22 September 1795 Sources: 7e.
  25. Long, Russell, Estimation. Estimated from Jacob LONG census: 1840 & 1850.
  26. Hirt entry, International Genealogical Index [IGI] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). About 1678 Of Woltersdorf, Furstenwalde, Brandenburg, Preussen.
  27. Ibid., 1707 Woltersdorf, Furstenwalde, Brandenburg, Preussen.
  28. Long, Russell, Estimation.
  29. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. II. 1756-1801. Page 302.#373. Tobias Hirte, from the widowers choir, born in Eubau in the Upper Lausiz 1707, Dec 1. He has since his childhood felt feelings in his heart and until his 23rd year lived in unrest. In 1731 he was led to the evangelical way through the sermon of Pf. [pfarrer] [pastor] Waneke in [1] Gr[oss] hennersdorf and found peace in his heart through Jesus. Then he went to [2] Herrnhut, but was taken away after a year by a man of the court and brought to [3] Görlitz, where he had to become a soldier and was stationed in [4] Bauzen [Bautzen]. As soon as those in Herrnhut got the news of his circumstances they purchased his freedom and then he came to [5] Ebersbach and age 37 onto the [6] Ronneburg and to [7] Frohnhausen, helped with building the first houses in [8] Herrnhaag and was accepted age 40 into the community and a member thereafter: Age 43 the 27th May he entered into marriage with Sister Maria Klosin [Maria Klose] and sired 6 children with her, of which 3 sons and 2 daughters are alive and in the care of the community. In the same year they came here to Bethlehem and lived partly in Nazareth, partly in Gnadenthal, until they moved year [17]55 to Bethlehem, where our blessed brother was widowed in March [17]67. He has at all times led an exemplary life and enjoyed the love of all members. Jesus was the joy of his heart, and with these blessed feelings he went to sleep on Thursday the 8th day Feb [1770], in the afternoon at 3:00. Age 62 years, 2 months and several days. Comments: Herrnhut, Sachsen, Löbau-Zittau, DE to Gorlitz, Sachsen, Görlitz, DE on the German-Polish border is northeast 17 miles. Görlitz to Bautzen, Sachsen, DE is back west 31 miles. From Bautzen to Ebersbach, Sachsen, Görlitz, DE is southeast 14 miles. Ebersbach is 6 miles west of Herrnhut. Herrnhut, Sachsen, Löbau-Zittau, DE [Ebersbach] to Ronneburg, Hessen, Main-Kinzig-Kreis, DE is southwest 357 miles. From the Marienborn castle at Ronneburg to Herrnhaag, Hessen, DE it is southwest another 6 miles. Frohnhausen, Hessen, Lahn-Dill-Kreis, DE is 68 miles northwest of Ronneburg. Frohnhausen, Hessen, Waldeck-Frankenberg, DE 76 miles north of Ronneburg Ebersbach is a town in the district Görlitz, in the Free State of Saxony, Germany. It is situated 20 km northwest of Zittau, and 23 km southeast of Bautzen.
  30. 1. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 258. A List of the Interments in the Old Moravian Graveyard on Market Street in Bethlehem, Pa. belonging to J. Hill Martin of the Philadelphia Bar. 2. Vitals: B-M-D Images F384711 Cemetery Record: Gravestone inscriptions in Moravian graveyards in Nazareth and Bethlehem and some church records, 1742-1904 Philadelphia 1911. Image-Page--Grave#-Section--Loc#-Name & Nativity---------------------------Date of Birth--Date of Death #13-----16-------343-------I--------4----Maria Hirtin [Klose]-----------------------26 Jan 1710--26 Mar 1767 #14-----17-------373-------A-------4---Tobias Hirte (Upper Lusatia)-------------1 Dec 1707---8 Feb 1770. Comments: Maria Klose was buried in the 4th grave, section I, grave #343 in the Old Moravian Graveyard, Bethlehem, PA. Johann Tobias Hirte was buried in the 4th grave, section A, grave #373 in the Old Moravian Graveyard, Bethlehem, PA.
  31. Moravian Brethren from the Czechlands, Miloslav Rechcigl Jr. online [http://hometown.aol.com/rechcigl/myhomepage/faith.html], accessed 10 Apr 2007. The Second Sea Congregation arrived on the "Little Strength" [Captain N. Garrison] in New York on November 26, l743. It brought thirty-one Brethren from the Czech Lands, including ten from Moravia, eighteen from Silesia and three from Lusatia. Page 21. of 48. John Tobias Hirte (1707?-1770), a carpenter, from Euba, Upper Lusatia; master carpenter of Nazareth Hall; died at Bethlehem (BC100). Page 21. of 48. Marie (Klose) Hirte (1710-1767), from Roesnitz [Rösnitz], Silesia; wife of John Tobias Hirte; died at Bethlehem (BC148). Comments: Page 14. of 48. Moravian Brethren from Bohemia, Moravia, and Silesia: Their arrival and settlement in America by Miloslav Rechcigl Jr. Moravian Brethren from the Historic Czech Lands in Order of their Arrival in America Before Page 20. of 48. Specific individuals are listed in order of their arrival in America, under the name of the ship (if known), which brought them to the American shores. Whenever available, vital data have been provided for individual immigrants, together with their occupation and with information on where they settled and where they were buried. The numbers in parentheses refer to the numbered entries in Neisser's List of Emigrants and/or to a page in the relevant burial books Page 5 of 35. The First Sea Congregation was brought to America on the ship Catherine which arrived on June 7, 1742 (38). It was led by a native Moravian, George Piesch, and included three Brethren from Bohemia, six from Moravia, five from Silesia and two from Lusatia, out of the total of fifty-five passengers. [BC100 and BC148 refer to the Bethlehem Cemetery records, p. 100 and p. 148 of Augustus Schultze's burial book “Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society” Vol. V. Part III. 1897.] [Perhaps the parents of Maria Klose were from Bohemia. See others in Silesia from Bohemia.].
  32. 1. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. V. Part III. 2. The Old Moravian Cemetery of Bethlehem, Pa., 1742-1897 by Augustus Schultze, D.D. Page 99. Section A. Row I. --- Married Men. (Beginning at the north-west gate.) Page 100. 4th grave. John Tobias Hirte, 1707-70. He was born at Eybau [Euba], Saxony. He was converted while serving in the Saxon army, and Moravian Brethren purchased his freedom. He proved an efficient workman in building the first houses of the Church at Herrnhaag, and was master carpenter at the building of Nazareth Hall. His wife whose maiden name was Klose, died in 1767. Page 147. Section C. Row I. --- Married Women. Page 148. 4th grave. Maria Hirte, m. n. Klose, 1710-67; born at Roesnitz [Rösnitz], in Silesia. In 1743 she married Tobias Hirte, at Herrnhaag, and the same year came with him to America. They lived successively at Nazareth, Gnadenthal and Bethlehem. (See A, I, 4.[location of Johann Tobias Hirte's grave]). Comments: Page 100. John Tobias Hirte was buried in the 4th grave, 1st row, section A, grave #373 section A of the married men in the Old Moravian Cemetery, Bethlehem, PA. Page 148. Maria Hirte was buried in the 4th grave, 1st row, section I, grave #343, section C of the married women in the Old Moravian Cemetery, Bethlehem, PA.
  33. Hirt entry, International Genealogical Index [IGI] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). About 1682.
  34. John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991). Page 92. Hirte Name---------------------------Birth------------Parents-----------Record Magdalena [Hirte] [twin]--13 May 1750---Tobias & Maria---------2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  35. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. #80.#81. Elias and Magdalena Hirte were twins born around 9 o'clock in the evening on Sunday the 24th day of May 1750 in Gnadenthal and right away after the birth in an uncommon congregation were baptized by Brother Georg Neisser. Their parents were brethren Tobias and Maria [Klose] Hirte. Comments: Brother George Neisser was a pastor in the Barony of Nazareth, PA in 1750. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister. Born 13 May 1750 Julian; 24 May 1750 Catholic Gregorian date.
  36. Website: Bethabara graveyard. No 60. Magda.l Mücke Born.24.May 1750 dep. [departed] 10.dec. 1801 Moved From Dobbs Parish. Comments: Tombstone was moved to the Bethabara Moravian Graveyard.
  37. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. II. 1756-1801. Page 294.#343. Home-gone Brothers and Sisters: Maria Hirte died on Thursday the 26th day of March 1767 in Bethlehem, PA. She was born Klose in Rösniz in Silesia 1710 the 26th [day of January] and then went the year 1739 from the unrest and conviction of her heart from her fatherland and arrived in Oct. of the same year [1739] in Herrnhut, where she stayed only 3 days, and was then sent to Pilgerruh. There she was accepted in the commune and soon thereafter into the participation of the body and blood of the Lord at the Holy communion. Year [17]41 in May she came to Herrnhag [Herrnhaag], and was joined in marriage then 1743 on May 27 with brother Tobias Hirte, now a widower, which the Savior blessed with 3 sons and 3 daughters, of whom one child went ahead to the Savior, 3 sons and 2 daughters are still here and in the care of the community. In Dec 1743 she arrived with her husband here in Bethlehem and year [17]44 in Jan they moved to Nazareth. Year [17]46 to Gnadenthal and year [17]53 here to Bethlehem. The cause for her death were certain painful occurrences in the inner parts of her body of which she suffered for several years and became bedridden six months ago. On her sickbed she realized with tears where she had made mistakes, spoke with her Savior, her husband and the workers about everything, encouraged her children to devote themselves to the Savior and awaited then with a blessed comforted heart her death which happened Thursday morning at 5 o'clock with the blessing of the community and her choir. Age 57 years and 2 months. Comments: Many others came from Roesnitz [Rösnitz], as well. See http://www.fmoran.com/krause.html. For example, Matthaeus Krause was born in 1720 in Roscnitz, Liegnitz, Silesia, and married Barbara Böhner on May 24, 1743, in the Great Wedding at Herrnhaag. They immigrated as part of the "Second Sea Congregation" on the "Little Strength", arriving Philadelphia 26 Nov 1743. They settled initially in Nazareth PA, and moved to Wachovia in November 1755, leaving their three oldest children behind in the nursery at Nazareth.
  38. 1768 Tax List: Rowan Co., NC (Annotated): Mickey. Page 81-85. (Included Town Fork and Upper Dan River, Dan River, Abbotts' Settlement. Salisbury, the Hallows, Bethabara, and Bethania, the Wachovia land of the Moravians. Total of 419 taxables.) Bethabara [site in todays's Forsyth County] John Mucke. Comments: Johannes Mücke was living in Bethabara in 1768, He was 19. Peter, his brother, was not listed.
  39. 1771 & 1772 Tax List: Surry Co., NC (Annotated): Mickey. MUCKE, Johannes; Surr 1771; MUCKE, John; Surr 1772. Comments: Johannes Mücke was living in Bethabara, Surry Co., NC in 1771 and 1772. He was 22 and 23. Peter, his brother, was not listed.
  40. 1790 Census: Salisbury District, Bethabara, Stokes, NC: Aust_Mickey, M637-7-554, 555. [1 Jun] 1790 Name male >16; 0-15; female any age; other; slaves; total Mary Aust 002002 John Micky 113016. Comments: Maria Hirte Aust 45 and one unknown female. Johannes Mickey 41; Johann Ludwig, 15 - Magdalena Hirte, 40; Mary Elizabeth, 9; Anna Benigna, 6 - and one negress slave.
  41. 93. North Carolina: Bethabara Moravian Congregation [Birth & Marr] Death Record. grave: 124 · First Name: Johanne · Middle Name: not known · Last Name: Mucke · Date of Birth: August 22, 1749 · Date of Death: February 6, 1807 · Historical Information: Cooper and farmer near Bethabara - Born, August 22, 1749, near Philadelphia, PA; parents not known; married, first, in Bethabara, June 1, 1774, Magdalena (Hirte), who died in December, 1801; married, second, Juliane Strub, widow (Philipps), March 10, 1803; by the first marriage he had five children; by the second marriage he had two children; died February 6, 1807. Comments: Johannes Mücke was married to Magdalena Hirte and Juliane Strub.
  42. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 31. Family No. 63 Johannes Mickey was married 10 March 1803 to Juliana Strub, born 20 August 1771, died 31 January 1844. Johannes's second wife, Juliana Strub, (born in Bethania, North Carolina; died in Salem, North Carolina) was the widow of Richard Phillips. Johannes and Juliana had two children: a. John Solomon Mickey, born 31 December 1803 - See Families Nos. 64 & 65 b. Anna Susanna Mickey, born 16 June 1806 - See Families Nos. 98 & 99 After Johannes' death in Bethabara, Juliana married Johann Gottlieb Spach of Salem, North Carolina on 18 July 1813, but ten months later (8 May 1814), he died as a result of injuries sustained in a fall from his horse. Juliana died at the age of 72. She suffered a stroke in 1843 which left her completely incapacitated and unable to speak. For details on Johannes' first marriage see Family No. 5. Sources: 17f.
  43. My Family History Hobbs/Mickey online, accessed 1 Mar 2009. ID: I01776 Name: Johann Ludwig Muecke ALIA: /Lewis/ Birth: 18 APR 1775 in Bethabara, Forsyth Co., NC Death: 22 SEP 1844 in Bethabara, Forsyth Co., NC Burial: Dobbs Parish Note: The last name is seen spelled Mucke, with a double dot over the u. He is buried in Dobbs Parish. He had grown up in the Moravian towns of Bethania and Bethabara but, like many others of his generation in Wachovia, he drifted away from the Moravian way of life. As an adult, he was a farmer and a distiller living outside the Wachovia community. In 1797, he married Barbara Schor and by 1816, the last of their children was born. Barbara, who had been ill for several years, died in 1821 and was buried in Dobbs Parish. John Lewis was left to carry on as best as he could woth a house full of young children. A Morivan diarist of the time described John Lewis as "unfeeling and irreligious". Perhaps his refusal to send his children to the Moravian schools and churches influenced their opinion. And they certainly did not approve of his ownership of the five slaves who lived and worked on his farm. When John Lewis died, he too, was buried in Dobbs Parish cemetary among the other non-Moravians of the time. Father: Johannes Peter Muecke b: 22 AUG 1749 in Germantown, PA Mother: Magdalena Hirt b: 1750 Marriage 1 Maria Magdalena Holder b: 1792 Marriage 2 Barbara Schor b: 1775 Married: 30 JAN 1797 in Forsyth County, NC Children Mary Magdalena Mickey b: 7 NOV 1797 in Bethabara, Forsyth Co., NC John Mickey b: 1800 Catherine Mickey b: 1804 Samuel Gottleib Mickey b: 1804 Anna Susanna Mickey b: 16 JUN 1806 in Bethabara, Forsyth Co., NC Elisabeth Mickey b: 1808 Christina M. Mickey b: 1810 Henry Jacob Mickey b: 1813 Rebecca Mickey b: 3 MAR 1816 in Bethabara, Forsyth Co., NC.
  44. Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC. The following names were also included in the list, but as they have no plot number associated with their name and since burials in the Stranger's graveyard supposedly ended after the mid 1800's, the notes were not clear as to where in Bethabara they were buried. Lewis Mickey was born April 18, 1775 at Bethabara, departed Sept. 22, 1844 age 69 y 6m 1d. Comments: Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC The following is list of persons buried in the old graveyard at the "Dutch Fort", or what is now known as Bethabara in Winston-Salem, NC: Samuel Gottlieb Micke, Magdalena [Hirte] Micke, Barbara [Shore] Muecke, and Lewis Micke. During the Indian uprisings, these first settlers were protected by the Moravians within the fort walls of Bethabara. Should death occur during these times, these settlers were not buried in the Moravian God's Acre, but instead, at the "Stranger's graveyard" aka Dobbs Parish Graveyard, which was established Oct 5, 1759 and located south of the Bethabara Mill. Its dimensions, including walkways, were 96 feet from east to west and 60 feet from north to south. It was divided into four squares: that to the southwest being for men; northwest for women; southeast for boys; and northeast for girls. The graves are generally numbered in order of the death. (Editors Note: The following information was gleaned from parts of the Cranford Collection in the NC Room. The editor assumes no responsibility for errors, as this information is second hand.).
  45. Shore entry, Pedigree Resource File [PRF] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). Barbara Shore: Compact Disc #59 Pin #712425 Birth: 4 Aug 1775 Deep Creek, Surry County, North Carolina Death: 6 Nov 1821 Surry (Yadkin) County, North Carolina ? Father: Frederick Shore Disc #59 Pin #711641 Mother: Barbery (Barbara) Reis Disc #59 Pin #711642 Spouse: Johann Ludwig (Lewis Mickey) Muecke Disc #59 Pin #712426.
  46. Bethabara Moravian Graveyard. Comments: grave: 65, First Name: Matthaeus, Middle Name: not known, Last Name: Micke, Date of Birth: April 21, 1779, Date of Death: May 31, 1779, Historical Information: Infant son of Johannes and Magdalena Micke. Born April 21, 1779 and died May 31, 1779.
  47. Mary Elizabeth Mickey entry, International Genealogical Index [IGI] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). Mary Elizabeth Mickey Birth: 12 FEB 1781 Bethania, Forsyth, North Carolina Death: 23 SEP 1865 , Forsyth, North Carolina.
  48. Long, Russell, Estimation. from death record.
  49. Website-fmoran: The Jarvis Family and Other Relatives. Previously we had her husband as George Lang. However, there's a marriage record for Jacob Long and Binel Mickey in 1806. We now think this is probably Anna Benigna.
  50. Ibid., Samuel Gottlieb Mickey (1790-1795).
  51. Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC. No. 44. Samuel Gottlieb Micke, a child 1795. Comments: Dobbs Parish Graveyard at Bethabara, Stokes [now Forsyth], NC The following is list of persons buried in the old graveyard at the "Dutch Fort", or what is now known as Bethabara in Winston-Salem, NC: Samuel Gottlieb Micke, Magdalena [Hirte] Micke, Barbara [Shore] Muecke, and Lewis Micke. During the Indian uprisings, these first settlers were protected by the Moravians within the fort walls of Bethabara. Should death occur during these times, these settlers were not buried in the Moravian God's Acre, but instead, at the "Stranger's graveyard" aka Dobbs Parish Graveyard, which was established Oct 5, 1759 and located south of the Bethabara Mill. Its dimensions, including walkways, were 96 feet from east to west and 60 feet from north to south. It was divided into four squares: that to the southwest being for men; northwest for women; southeast for boys; and northeast for girls. The graves are generally numbered in order of the death. (Editors Note: The following information was gleaned from parts of the Cranford Collection in the NC Room. The editor assumes no responsibility for errors, as this information is second hand.).
  52. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part III. The Moravian Graveyards at Nazareth, PA 1744-1904, by The Rev. Edw. T. Kluge. Page 96-97. The second graveyard, now in use, was opened on the 14th of February, 1756, on the occasion of the funeral of John Peter Lehnert or Lennert, “das erste Waizenkorn auf diesem Gottesacker.” [the first kernel of wheat on this God field, God's Acre.] [Waizen - no translation, Weizen - wheat, korn - grain, kern - kernel] At the entrance on the east side, there was a neat gateway, with an arch, containing two inscriptions; the one on the east side, a German one, “Ich lebe, und Ihr sollt auch leben [I live, and you are to also live];” on the west side, an English one, “The body rests in hope.” The total number here interred is 1134. In the following list of burials in the second, or present, graveyard, the names are printed and numbered in the order of interment. The characters following each name indicate the location of the grave, and these are followed by the date of decease. The rows of graves are indicated by Roman numerals counting from the East, those to the North of the middle path being designated by the letter n, and those to the South by the letter s. The Arabic numerals denote the number of each grave counting from the middle walk, thus:. Comments: The Second Graveyard: Johann Michael Mücke [the father], Peter Mücke, his wife, Elisabeth Haller [Klotz], her unmarried sister, Maria Catharine Haller, and Matthew [Matthaeus] Muecke, the son of Catharina Blickensdoerfer, are buried here.
  53. Pennsylvania: Nazareth Cemetery Records 10: Website: Czech-American Historic Places & Monuments. The Second Graveyard: Location: In the vicinity of Nazareth, PA, “on the hill overlooking a wide expanse of country, bounded by mountains.” History: Opened on the 14th of February, 1756. In this graveyard are interred the remains of upwards of forty-five ministers, missionaries and wives of ministers, some of whom had held prominent positions in the Moravian church and rendered valuable service. Among other prominent people buried here, are a number of, who were born in Suchdol, Moravia and other places in Moravia and Bohemia, some of whom belonged to the company of exiles from the original home of the Brethren's church and first members of the Renewed Church, and had participated in the ever memorable communion at Berthelsdorf, August 13th, 1727 The total number here interred is 1134.
  54. Martin-Jackson Family Histories Website. Name: Johann Michael (Muecke) Mickey Sex: M Birth: JUL 1708 in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia, Germany Death: 30 MAY 1786 in Nazareth, Norhampton, PA Marriage 1 Eva Catharina Metzger b: NOV 1721 in Evangelisch, Boeckingen, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg Married: 27 MAY 1743 in Herrnhaag, Germany Event: They were married in Herrnhaag, Germany with 23 other couples in a single wedding ceremony.
  55. Kirchenbuch, 1581-1912: Evangelische Kirche Böckingen (OA. Heilbronn) Taufen, Heiraten, Tote 1581-1770. Eva Catharina Metzger was baptized on the 24th of November 1721 in Böckingen. Her parents were Melchior Metzger and his wife Anna Maria [Rudolph]. Her godmother was Susanna Elisabeth [Rudolph], the legitimate wife of Hanss Leonhard Schnepf a citizen with full rights from Böckingen.
  56. Metzger, etc entry, International Genealogical Index [IGI] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). Eva Catharina Metzger Birth: 24 Nov 1721 Boeckingen, Germany Death: 12 Aug 1755 Cristianbrunn [Bethlehem], Pennsylvania. Comments: The date for Birth comes from the baptism church record.
  57. Pennsylvania: Bethlehem Cemetery Records 3: Website: Czech-American Historic Places & Monuments. Moravian Graveyard of Bethlehem Name: Sometimes called God's Acre Moravian Cemetery Location: In the center of Bethlehem, PA. “Its central location, well-kept walks, stately shade trees, rustic benches, and elevated position affording a fine view of the Lehigh Mountains, all combine to make it a pleasant resort for old and young.” Established: In 1742. History: The original plot of the Cemetery, as laid out in 1742 and 1746, comprised the northwestern portion of the ground only, the grave of Juliana Nitschmann (nee Haberland), a native of Senov, Moravia, in the middle of the path, marking the center of the Cemetery. Description: The uniform simplicity of more than 2600 graves arranged in parallel rows, with their plain tombstones and concise epitaphs marking the resting place of rich and poor, high and low alike, teaches an impressive lesson as to the common brotherhood of mortal man. An additional interest attaching to this cemetery lies in the remarkable mingling of races, the graves of men and women from different nationalities of Europe being interspersed with those of many Indians and Negroes, who through the labors of the Moravian Brethren, found salvation in Christ. The descendants of Bethlehem Moravian families can also trace here their pedigree through a number of generations. A number of graves contain remains of native Moravians, Bohemians, and Silesians. Comments: Eva Catharina Mücke [Metzger], Johann Tobias Hirte, his wife, Maria Hirte [Klose], and their daughter, Elisabeth Hirte are buried here. Martin Hirte and his wife Maria Johanna Beroth are buried here, as well.
  58. Martin-Jackson Family Histories Website. Name: Eva Catharina Metzger Sex: F Birth: NOV 1721 in Evangelisch, Boeckingen, Neckarkreis, Wuerttemberg Death: 1755 in Bethlehem, PA Burial: Old Moravian Cemetary, Section C, Row 1, Plot 25, Bethlehem, PA Marriage 1 Johann Michael (Muecke) Mickey b: JUL 1708 in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia, Germany Married: 27 MAY 1743 in Herrnhaag, Germany Event: They were married in Herrnhaag, Germany with 23 other couples in a single wedding ceremony.
  59. The Bethlehem Diary Vol. II. 1744-1745: Editor, Vernon H. Nelson, etc., Pub. The Archives of the Moravian Church, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, 2001. Page 194, 195. Saturday, January 2, [1745]. We continued with our Gemeintag [monthly Prayer Day meeting] in the morning, reading aloud lovely reports from Holland, England, Silesia, Livonia, etc. During the Gemeintag a child [Johann Michael] was born to Br. and Sr. Mücke in Nazareth. Page 195. In Nazareth the brethren and sisters who were unable to come to Bethlehem had a lovefeast because just a year had passed since they had moved there; they gave many thanks in it to the Savior for all of the grace enjoyed by them in this period. Page 195. Sunday, January 3, [1745]. In the congregation council thirty-two brethren from among the [Married] Men volunteered for the regular night watch. Br. Boehler went to Nazareth and there conducted the quarter-of-an-hour services and the Gemeinstunde and also baptized Br. Mücke's child, naming him Hans Michael. They went as far as Nazareth this evening; there they were especially impressed by the boy's school, particularly when they saw that the very youngest, who were not able to talk as yet, gave ---. Page 197. Friday, January 8, [1745]. Early in the morning, just before the quarter-of-an-hour service, the Savior gave a little daughter [Maria] to Br. and Sr. Hirte in Nazareth, ---. Page 198. Joseph and Anton rode to Gnadenthal and paced off the field which our brethren and sisters will clear, fence in, and cultivate. At noon Br. Bryzelius, after he had delivered an address filled with grace, baptized Br. Hirte's child and Bartsch's, the former with the name Maria and the latter Elisabeth. We returned home with the other brethren and sisters who had come from Bethlehem. Page 317. The Bethlehem Journal Anno 1745. [Christian Friedrich Oerter made this translation into English of the first part of the 1745 diary shortly after the original was written. His translation ends on March 19, 1745 --- Oerter's translation is the only English version of a portion of the second volume of the diary that has been located ---.] Page 319, 320. Saturday, January 2, [1745]. In the forenoon we continued our Prayer Day by reading many fine Accts from Holland, England, Silesia, Livonia, etc. During the Prayer Day, our Br. & Sr. Müller's [Mücke] in Nazareth had a Child born [Johann Michael]. In Nazareth the Brn. & Srs. who could not come to Beth. had a Lovefeast, it being just a Year, since they first settled in Nazareth. & were very Thankfull for all Grace & Blessings they had enjoy'd since that Time. Sunday, January 3, [1745]. Br. Boehler went to Nazareth & kept the ¼ of Hours & other Meetings, baptis'd likewise Br. Mikens [Mückes] Child & call'd it John Michael. He was no longer gone, but Sister Mozer was safely deliver'd of a Daughter. Page 322. Friday, January 8, 1745]. Early in the morning, in Nazareth, before the ¼ of an Hour, our Br. & Sister Hirte had a Daughter given them by our Sav'r, & after the ¼ of an hour our Sister Bartch was happily deliver'd of a Daughter. Joseph & Anton rode to Gnadenthal & laid out the Field, which our Brn. are to clear, fence & till. After Dinner Br. Brysaelius, having first held an anointed Discourse, baptis'd Br. & Sr. Hirte's & Bartch's Children, the 1st was nam'd Mary [Maria] the other Elizabeth. We & the other Beth. Brn. return'd home again. Page 332. Saturday, January 30, [1745]. The Word was: Thou hast put Gladness in my Heart, more than in the Time, that their Corn & their Wine increased. Ps. 4, 7. Br. Anton, Boehler's & Huber's went to Nazareth to be present, at the regulation of their Sabbath. In Nazareth it was also a particular Day of Blessing & they kept their first Sabbath, with a Still sweet Wind of Grace. The Discourse in the Lovefeast was clear & plain & affected the Hearts so that many Weep'd thereby. It was at the same Time resolv'd, to build a Hut for the entertaining & lodging the Indians, who now & then come there to see them; as also to Make a good fence round the Indian burying ground there. Comments: Johann Michael Mücke was born Saturday January 2 and baptized January 3, 1745 to Br. and Sr. Mücke in Nazareth, PA. Maria Hirte was born and baptized on Friday, January 8, 1745 to Br. and Sr. Hirte in Nazareth, PA.
  60. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260: F384711 F384711-3: Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260. Record of Births [Marriages & Deaths of Mueckes] of Nazareth Moravian Congregation and also of those of the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky from 1743-1880 both inclusive. Page 52. Date of Death----------Children-----------------------Parents & Remarks----Date of Birth Mar 12/23, 1749---Mücke, Johann Michael--Michael & Eva Catharina--Jan. 2, 1745. Comments: Died 12 Mar 1749 Julian; 23 Mar 1749 Catholic Gregorian date.
  61. Pennsylvania Births: Northampton, 1733-1800 John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991) Contra Costa County Library, Pleasant Hill, CA. Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky. Page 149. Mücke Name--------------------------Birth----------Parents-----------------Record Johann Michael [Mücke]-2 Jan 1745----Michael & Eva Catharina--2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  62. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. # 8. Johann Michael Mücke was born on Saturday the 2nd day of January 1745 in Nazareth and was baptized there the same day by Brother Böhler. His parents were [Johann] Michael and [Eva] Catharina [Metzger] Mücke. #20. Johann Michael Mücke, the first young son of [Johann] Michael and [Eva] Catharina [Metzger] Mücke, was born on the 2nd day of January 1745 in Nazareth. Johann Michael was moved from the Bethlehem nursery fitting snugly in the nursery at Nazareth. Johann Michael Mücke died on Sunday the 23rd day of March 1749 in Nazareth. He was the first from the Nazareth nursery to die since it was brought from Bethlehem. His coffin was laid on the 25th day of March 1749 in the Nazareth graveyard on the hill. Comments: #20. In July 1747, he was old enough to be placed in the nursery at Bethlehem, PA. On the 7th day of January 1749, all the children in the nursery were moved from Bethlehem to Nazareth, PA. The first Nazareth graveyard was "the Nazareth Hutberg." "The designations given by the Brethren to this graveyard were Ruheberg (the hill of rest), Hutberg, after the graveyard at Herrnhut, and the more common name, Gottesacker, or God's Acre." Later it was called "the Indian Graveyard." The "Seitenhölchen" meant "snugly fitted" [See Source: 6-15, p. 9., P1aso4 Johann Michael Mücke & Eva Catharina Metzger [farmer, cooper]. The "Kinderanstalt" was the nursery. [institute for child, children's institute, children's boarding school.] Comments: Brother Peter Böhler was a pastor in the Barony of Nazareth, PA in 1745. See Fact 5. Peter Boehler, then in charge in Bethlehem, describes the service: "The Chapel was quite filled, and all rejoiced like children at the new influx to our little manger, (Kripplein).
  63. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 222: F387899 Graveyards: Philadelphia & Nazareth 1757-1900. Ancient Inscriptions in Cemeteries of the Moravian Churches in Philadelphia and Nazareth Penna. With some genealogical records of their Congregations at Lebanon Penna and New York city. by John W. Jordon Church Records: Philadelphia F387899 Old Nazareth Graveyard: First Moravian Church Philadelphia & Nazareth 1757-1865 -- Lebanon 1751-1811-- New York City 1690-1785. Page 40. Nazareth Cemetery: 1744-1846 The first cemetery at Nazareth, Northampton County. Pennsylvania, was laid out in 1744 and used until 1756, when the present ground was laid out. The first ground is commonly known as the "Indian grave yard," in the center of which the Moravian Historical Society has erected a marble monument. The following inscriptions were edited and copied in 1846. Page 48. Johann Michael Muecke Born Jany 2 1745 Died March 23 1749. Comments: Johann Michael Muecke the son.
  64. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 259: F384711 Historical Sketch of the Burial Grounds at Nazareth The Monument "Indian Grave Yard". Page 62. Joseph M. Muecke Born Jany 2, 1745; Died March 23, 1749. Comments: Johann was transcribed incorrectly as Joseph; perhaps, because the next entry is Joseph Hussey.
  65. Memories of Old Nazareth by John Woolf Jordan pub. 1894 Stories of a German-American Moravian Village 1740-1860. Page 38. CHAPTER 9 EPIDEMIC The sad side of the period [1746] was the appearance of the angel of death, in the guise of smallpox, among the white and Indian children in the Whitefield House. The first case had developed on July 16 [1746]. Two days later, six more were reported. By the end of the week there were eighteen fully developed cases, three of which subsequently proved fatal. The parents of many of the afflicted children visited them, some coming from as far as Tulpehocken. All the little sufferers received the best care and attention: Dr. Otto of Bethlehem and Dr. James Greening, who had formerly been a physician in England, were constantly in attendance. Comments: Johann Michael Mücke probably died of smallpox.
  66. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part III. The Moravian Graveyards at Nazareth, PA 1744-1904, by The Rev. Edw. T. Kluge. Page 93, 94. Complete List Of Those Interred On The First Graveyard. 12 Mar 1749. John Michael Muecke, son of Michael and Cath. Muecke. Died in the nursery. Comments: [Johann Michael Mücke [the son] is buried here. He probably died of smallpox.] Page 83. Moravian Graveyards at Nazareth, PA 1744-1904, by Edw. T. Kluge Page 87. The First Graveyard of the Nazareth settlement was consecrated on the occasion of the burial of George Kremser, on Jan 18, 1744. This graveyard is located on the highest point in this section of the country, and was selected by Captain N. Garrison, the well-known sea-captain and surveyor, not only on account of the fact just stated, but probably also as being convenient for the settlements of Gnadenthal, Christian's Spring, Old Nazareth, Friedensthal and the “Rose.” It is difficult to account for the strange misnomer, “the Indian Graveyard,” which, in modern times, has been given to this spot. The designations given by the Brethren to this graveyard were Ruheberg (the hill of rest), Hutberg, after the graveyard at Herrnhut, and the more common name, Gottesacker, or God's Acre. Page 88. The first graveyard at Nazareth is beautifully located, the landscape from this elevation being most picturesque, the Blue Mountains, like a mighty wall, limiting the view to the north, while to the south and east is spread out the country lying between Nazareth and Bethlehem, little villages and hamlets dotting the landscape, with the South Mountain in the background. Page 89. 90. The ground was cleared, the few remnants of tombstones removed to the museum of the Society, and a monument, prepared by Mr. Robert Haas of Nazareth, was erected, while Mr. John Jordan had a small pavilion (a reminder of the one on the Hutberg at Herrnhut), built at his own expense, the property being enclosed by a fence and some trees planted on the graveyard and the walk to this sacred spot. On the monument are inscribed the names of those interred in this graveyard. The monument is made of American marble, the total cost being $448.30. Sixty-seven persons are here interred, viz., fifty-two children, eleven white adults, and four Indians, two of whom are children. As this graveyard was in use upwards of twelve years, the number of adult members buried here is small, especially if the fact is borne in mind, that those first settlers were subjected to many hardships and discomforts, and that, during these years, contagious diseases --- amongst the rest, the small-pox --- prevailed. The large number of little children who died, is easily accounted for. By far the larger number had lived in the nursery at Ephrata; for, on account of the peculiar conditions existing at that time, parents were obliged to place their little children in the nursery, so that they might receive the care and attention, which it was impossible for them to bestow, as the large majority in Bethlehem, Nazareth, and other settlements were occupied in felling the forests, preparing the land for tillage, and carrying on the various pursuits begun in the colonies, the women also being occupied in many ways. Besides, the homes prepared for the large numbers, who were constantly coming here from Europe and England, as well as from various sections of this country, were insufficient for their proper accommodation. Of the names of families represented among those interred in this first graveyard, very few are now to be found in the Church. The names which occur, which are familiar, are the following: --- ; Muecke, descendants living in Lititz, Pa. [and NC & TN].
  67. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. IV. Part 2. (1891-1895). Page 29. The Nazareth Cemeteries. The first burial place at Nazareth was called the “Hutberg,” and, occasionally, “The Hill of Rest.” It was situated on the summit of the woody hill that rises up beyond the present Cemetery, so that funeral processions had to walk a great distance in order to reach it. The draft of the plan of the primitive burial ground has been preserved and gives the names and dates of interment of a portion of the first congregation, then occupying the few solitary dwellings constituting Old Nazareth, or Ephrata. The total number borne to the Hutberg was 66, but the places appointed for them have the most part, were in crumbling condition, and small fragments of them have been deposited in the room of our society, but far the greater number of them have been wasted away, and left no record behind them. All the interments from the several nearest settlements took place here and the fear of the savages during the Indian war occasionally demanded an armed escort for the processions. Page 31. 32. In due time, this rude and humble burial-ground was extended and a suitable fence was provided for it. For a long time, however, and far into the present century, the aspect of the sacred place was dreary and uninviting to the visitor. The entrance itself with its inscription over the gate-way, “Weil ich lebe, solit ihr auch leben [Because I lived, you should also live.],” indicated in solemn words the destiny and hope of those who entered it for the last time, and the wearisome ascent past the Hall Garden, was no less typical of man's toil in reaching his final resting place on earth. Comments: Johann Michael Mücke [the son] is buried here.
  68. Pennsylvania: Nazareth Cemetery Records 6: Website: Czech-American Historic Places & Monuments. The First Graveyard of Nazareth Location: In the vicinity of Nazareth, PA, in the highest point in this section of the country. “The landscape from this elevation being most picturesque, the Blue Mountains, like a mighty wall, limiting the view to the north, while to the south and east is spread out the country laying between Nazareth and Bethlehem, little villages and hamlets dotting the landscape, with South Mountain in the background.” History: Consecrated on the occasion of the burial of George Kremser, a native of Silesia, on January 18, 1744.The designation given by the brethren to this graveyard were Ruheberg (the hill of rest), Hutberg, after the graveyard at Herrnhut, Saxony (place where the Moravian exiles first settled) and the more common name, Gottesacker, or God's Acre. Of the adult members of the Moravian Church buried here are two who deserve particular note: Christopher Demuth, a manufacturer of paper-boxes, a native of Moravia, who came to PA in 1743 and Johannes Muenster, one of the first exiles from Moravia and members of the Herrnhut congregation, who came to PA with the “Second Sea Congregation.”. Comments: Johann Michael Mücke [the son] is buried here.
  69. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260: F384711 F384711-3: Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260. Record of Births [Marriages & Deaths of Mueckes] of Nazareth Moravian Congregation and also of those of the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky from 1743-1880 both inclusive. Page 52. Date of Death------Children-----------------------Parents & Remarks----Date of Birth Apr 30, 1816-------Mücke, Peter----------------Michael & Eva Catharina--May 11, 1747 m'd Anna Opiz April 1784; m'd Elish Kloz, m. n. Haller Apr 10, '85.
  70. Pennsylvania Births: Northampton, 1733-1800 John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991) Contra Costa County Library, Pleasant Hill, CA. Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky. Page 149. Mücke Name--------------------------Birth----------Parents-----------------Record Peter [Mücke]-------------11 May 1747--Michael & Eva Catharina--2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  71. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. #43. Peter Mücke, the second young son, was born on Thursday the 11th day of May 1747 in Nazareth and was baptized there the same day into the death of the lamb by Brother Reincke. His parents were [Johann] Michael and [Eva] Catharina [Metzger] Mücke. Comments: Brother [Abraham] Reincke was a pastor in the Barony of Nazareth, PA in 1747.
  72. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part III. The Moravian Graveyards at Nazareth, PA 1744-1904, by The Rev. Edw. T. Kluge. Page 125.#347. Peter Muecke. xiv, s. 13. [Death] April 30 [1816]. Farmer. Born in Old Nazareth, May 11, 1747, his parents being Matthew [Matthew is incorrect. His father was Johann Michael] and Catharine Muecke. Married Anna Opitz, in Bethlehem, April, 1784. Moved to Hope, N.J., where his wife died the same year. In 1785 married Elizabeth Klotz, m.n. Haller. Comments: Buried in the 14th row, 13th grave south of the middle walk in the second Moravian graveyard, Nazareth, PA.
  73. Nazareth Collection of Memoirs: MemNaz 50. Page 17-18.#3. On the 30th day of April 1816, having entered into eternal rest the married brother Peter Mücke (who did not leave behind a self-written account of his pilgrimage through time), was born in Old-Nazareth May 11, 1747. His parents put him, as well as his brothers, early into the children's institution as was customary at the time and he spent his childhood years there. In the year 1760 the 22nd day of June [13 years of age] he was accepted into the community and on April 26, 1766 [at 19 years of age], he obtained Holy Communion for the first time. As a boy he came to Christiansbrunn, where he worked and served at the farms economy and in the fields, which he continued faithfully until he received in 1784 [at the age of 37] the assignment to take over the support of the brewery in Hope, New Jersey. He married the single sister Anna Opiz [Opitz] in April of that year [1784] in Bethlehem, but the marriage ended in September through the death of his wife of a fever, from which he too fell ill. (This he remembered at the beginning of his last illness, which he said was the same.) After he regained his health he continued in his service in Hope, until he married in the spring of 1785. He entered into marriage the 10th day of April for a second time with the widowed sister Elisabeth Klos [Klotz], nee Haller. The now surviving widow declares that she spent her time with her late husband happy and content, and if difficult circumstances and experiences were present, they still found reasons to thank the Lord for his help, which he even mentioned the morning before his death. He served with his faithful wife who was in all things a helpmate to him, at first 3 years in Gnadenthal, then 10 years in Christiansbrunn on the farm, and then again in Gnadenthal on the meadow and field farming and his wife as cook. In 1801 they moved here to Nazareth where he acquired a small farm of his own. The necessary work was, at his age and increasing sickly condition, almost too much for his dear wife and her sister, the single sister Catharina Haller, who helped him as much as possible during the last years, especially last winter. He mentioned at the beginning of this year [1816] that he believed his stay on this earth would last not much longer and added that he would gladly let go of it, even wish for it, if it was the will of the Savior that he were the first in the family to go home. It seemed clear to him that it would be destined for his completion when he was taken ill on the 25th day of April [1816] with fever and pains of his whole body. He was very grateful for the faithful efforts of the doctor and the care of his wife but repeated several times that he would not recover, to which he added that the Savior might soon take him home if it were his will. When asked he declared that he was ready, that as a poor sinner he hoped to receive grace through Jesus' death and blood. This wish was on the 30th fulfilled when he, after a restless, night passed away in the 9th hour of the morning with the singing of some verses and after the blessing of the Lord was pronounced for his way home. He reached the age of 69 years, less 11 days. Comments: The writer and Elizabeth [Haller] Klotz co-wrote this obit. Other sources list Peter and Anna Opitz married in Nazareth instead of Bethlehem.
  74. Northampton County Archives Wills & Estate Records Northampton Co., Penna. Wills, 1752-1802. 254 HALLER, Henry GNADENTHAL 4-4-1788 - 6-5-1788 dau Elizabeth wife of Peter MUECKE dau Anna-Catharine dau Charlotta wife of Jacob BULISHER dau Elizabeth wife of Michael MOEHRING and issue mentions John SHROPP mentions Henry BLUM mentions Gottfried BELLING ex. John YOUNGSBERG of Nazereth wit. William HENRY Esq. and Christian- Frederick STEINMAN. Comments: Elizabeth Haller was the wife of Peter Muecke.
  75. Bethlehem Marriage Register 1784. Page 182. Wednesday in the evening assemble on the 21st day of April 1784 was married the single Peter Mücke from Christiansbrunn, born 11 May 1747 in Nazareth, second son of the widowed brother Michael Mücke in Gnadenthal; with the single sister Anna Opitz, born 28 March 1746 in Gnadenthal, daughter of the still living parents of Schöneck, Leopold and Elisabeth Opitz, serving on the Farm in Hope. They were married by brother Hübner. Comments: Christiansbrunn [the Barony of Nazareth, PA].
  76. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 2. Family No. 2 Peter Muecke, born 11 May 1747, died 30 April 1816, and was married 21 April 1784 to Anna Opitz, born 29 March 1747, died 1784. Peter was born and died in Nazareth, Pennsylvania. According to Moravian Church records, Peter was in the community in North Carolina in 1746 and in 1771; however, he and Anna Opitz were married in Nazareth. Anna is the daughter of Leopold and Elizabeth (mn unk) Opitz. Leopold and Elizabeth came to America on the same ship with Peter's parents. Anna was born in Nazareth and died on Peter's farm in Hope, New Jersey. At that time, there was a Moravian community in Hope. Peter and Anna had no children. Sources: 7d, 7e, 17a; 7j. Comments: It is highly unlikely that Peter is the correct name of the person recorded in 1746 and 1771 in North Carolina. His brother, Johannes, definitely is the correct name of the person who went to live, to marry, and die in North Carolina. Peter lived, married twice, and died in Pennsylvania.
  77. Ibid., Page 2. Family No. 3 Peter Muecke was married 10 April 1785 to Elizabeth (Haller) Glotz [Klotz], born 3 May 1747, died 3 September 1818 Peter's second wife was the widow of Elias Glotz/Klotz. She was born in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and died in Nazareth. She and Peter are buried in the Moravian Cemetery at Nazareth. It seems that during this marriage, Peter made another trip to North Carolina, since he is shown there on the Federal Census for that year. Peter and Elizabeth had no children. Sources: 7d, 7e, 17a. Comments: It is highly unlikely that Peter is the correct name of the person recorded in 1746 and 1771 in North Carolina. His brother, Johannes, definitely is the correct name of the person who went to live, to marry, and die in North Carolina. Peter lived, married twice, and died in Pennsylvania.
  78. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. Page 416.#361. Elisabeth Mücke, nee Haller, widowed Gloz, a widowed sister, from the consequences of a many years of tumor damage died on the 3rd day and was buried on the 4th day of September 1818, her age 71 year 4 months. She was born the 3rd day of May 1747 in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania. Entered into marriage in the year 1770 with Elias Gloz, through whose death she was widowed after only 6 years. In the year 1785 the 10th April she entered into marriage again with the widowed brother Peter Mücke, through whose death on 30 April 1816 she was widowed again. Comments: The life of the parents of Elisabeth Mücke nee Haller in Pennsylvania parallels Peter Mucke's parents. John Henry Haller and his wife, Anna Maria Hundsecker, were in Frederick Township when Peter's parents were because both Elisabeth and Peter were born there. Her parents lived in Gnadenthal and died there within two years of Peter's father.
  79. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260: F384711 F384711-3: Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 260. Record of Births [Marriages & Deaths of Mueckes] of Nazareth Moravian Congregation and also of those of the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky from 1743-1880 both inclusive. Page 52. Children---------------Parents & Remarks----------------------------------------------Date of Birth Mücke, Ludewig-----Michael & Eva Catharina-----------------------------------------May 18/29, 1752. Comments: Born May 18, 1752 Julian; May 29, 1752 Catholic Gregorian date.
  80. Pennsylvania Births: Northampton, 1733-1800 John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991) Contra Costa County Library, Pleasant Hill, CA. Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky. Page 149. Mücke Name--------------------------Birth----------Parents-----------------Record Ludewig [Mücke]---------18 May 1752--Michael & Eva Catharina--2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  81. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. #109. Ludewig Mücke, the little son, was born on Monday the 29th day of May 1752 in [Friedensthal] and the same day was baptized in Jesus' death by Brother Samuel Krause. His parents were brethren [Johann] Michael and [Eva] Catharina [Metzger] Müke. Comments: The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister. Brother Samuel Krause was a pastor in the Barony of Nazareth, PA in 1752 and was in the same group with the Mücke's, 1st Colony, in 1743 on the trip to America. The Mücke's moved to Friedensthal on 27 Apr 1751 and then to Bethlehem in 1753. Therefore, Ludewig was born in Friedensthal the Barony of Nazareth.
  82. Garrison, Jerry, The Kitch - Garrison genealogy list.
  83. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 49. Family No. 101 Ludwig Muecke/Lewis Micke, born 29 May 1752, died 1809 [1837] at the home of his son, Lewis (Family No. 102) at Warsburg or Tria in Plainfield Township, Northampton, Pennsylvania, and was married 4 February 1779 to Mary Domenick. He spent the later years of his life knitting men's mittens and hose. Ludwig/Lewis left the Moravian Brethren, so not as much information is available on him and his descendants, and what there is is a bit questionable, since it is not proven absolutely that Lewis Micke is Ludwig Muecke. Lewis Micke and Mary Domenick were married in the German Reformed Church in Philadelphia. Lewis served in the Pennsylvania Militia during the Revolutionary War. He lived in Montgomery County, Pennsylvania and died in Macungie Township, near Easton, Pennsylvania. Lewis and Mary had four daughters whose names are unknown and one son, Lewis Micke, born 1786 - See Family No. 102. Comments: Ludewig died 1837.
  84. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1756. Page 57. Matthaeus Mücke, the little son, was born after 9:00 p.m. on Sunday the 9th day of March 1755 in Bethlehem and right away at the end of the parish day was baptized into Jesus' death by Brother Matthaeus. His parents were brethren [Johann] Michael and Eva Catharina [Metzger] Mücke.”. Comments: Brother Matthaeus [?] was a pastor in Bethlehem, PA in 1755. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister.
  85. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part IV. The Moravian Graveyards at Lititz, PA 1744-1905, by Abraham Reinke Beck. Page 268. #438. Matthew Muecke [Matthaeus]. I, r. xx, 13. [Death] Oct 4 [1832]. Born in Gnadenthal, near Nazareth, March 9, 1755. In 1782 he married Catharina Blickensdoerfer. Comments: Buried in the Ave 1, right side, row 18, grave 2 in the second Moravian graveyard, Lititz, PA. The second, present graveyard is situated on a gentle acclivity to the south of the church. Gottfried Aust, Catherine Muecke [Blickendoerfer], and her husband, Matthaeus Muecke are buried here.
  86. Northampton County Archives Wills & Estate Records Northampton Co., Penna. Wills, 1752-1802. 598 SCHIERGER, John Christianbrun [Christiansbrunn] Bethlehem twn. 24-?-1785 - 30-7-1785 mentions brotherrs and sisters liveng in Europe sister Maria MICHLER in Litiz brother Andrew of Europe, inheritance from cousin Catherina MICKIN wife of Mathias and their son John MICKE bond of Godfrey BELLING, Michael HERN, Henry BECK and Jos. SCHWEUSHAUP mentions Geo. GOLKOWSKY ex cousin Christian-Fredk. STEINMAN wit Saml. STEIP and J.-Geo. WEISS. Comments: Catharina Blickensdörfer was the wife of Matthaeus Mücke.
  87. Northampton County Archives Wills & Estate Records Northampton Co., Penna. Wills, 1752-1802. MUECKE 32 254 32 BEISEL, Ludwig N. Christian Spring 10/12/1796 -- 24/3/1797 mentions Catharine, wife of Paul MECKSCH Nathaniel MECKSCH, Christian MECKSCH. Niels TOLLOFSSEN of Nazareth Ludwig, son of Matthew MUECKE, Joseph SCHWEISHAUPT, John PETERSON ex: Nicholas HEBER wit. Jacob HANKE and Fredk. SCHMIDT.
  88. Blickensderfer Family History, Greg Raven online, accessed 9 Apr 2007.
  89. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. VII. Part IV. The Moravian Graveyards at Lititz, PA 1744-1905, by Abraham Reinke Beck. Page 268. #438. Matthew Muecke [Matthaeus]. I, r. xx, 13. [Death] Oct 4 [1832]. Born in Gnadenthal, near Nazareth, March 9, 1755. In 1782 he married Catharina Blickensdoerfer. Comments: Buried in the Ave 1, right side, row 20, grave 13 in the second Moravian graveyard, Lititz, PA. The second, present graveyard is situated on a gentle acclivity to the south of the church. Gottfried Aust, Catherine Muecke [Blickendoerfer], and her husband, Matthaeus Muecke are buried here.
  90. Mickey/Micke descendants of Johann Michael Müche (1708-1786) and Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) compiled by Mary F. Mickey. Page 54. [E]Family No. 115 Matthaeus Muecke, born 9 March 1755, died 4 October 1832, and was married 6 October 1782 to Catharina Blickensdörffer [Blickensdörfer], born 17 May 1761, died 30 August 1823. Matthaeus was born in Bethlehem, Pennsylvania and was five months old when his mother died. Matthaeus' wife, Catharina, was the daughter of Christian and Catharina (Schürger) Blickensdörffer [Blickensdörfer], and was born in Lititz, Pennsylvania. Matthaeus and Catharina lived in Christiansbrunn (a Moravian community no longer in existence) near Nazareth, Pennsylvania, where Matthaeus worked as a butcher. In 1792, the family moved to Lititz where they lived on the farm owned by Catharina's father and eventually willed to Matthaeus by his father-in-law. In that same year, during the Whiskey Rebellion, Matthaeus served as a private in the 1st Company, 7th Battalion of the Lancaster County Militia. Matthaeus and Catharina are buried in the Moravian Cemetery at Lititz. Their eight children were: a. John Muecke, born 8 August 1783 - See Family No. 116 & 117 b. Matthaeus Muecke, born 1784; died 12 March 1788 - Christiansbrunn c. Lewis Mickey, born 2 February 1788 - See Family No. 118 d. Christian Muecke, born 20 November 1790 - See Family No. 354 e Joseph Mickey, born 28 September 1793 - See Family No. 412 f. Michael Muecke, born 3 January 1796 - See Family [deleted in Addendum No. 1] g. Anna Salome Muecke, born 2 January 1799 - See Family No. 481 h. Abraham Mickey, born 8 August 1802 - See Family No. 482 Sources: 7d, 7f; 13b. Comments: Christiansbrunn [the Barony of Nazareth, PA].
  91. Garrison, Jerry, The Kitch - Garrison genealogy list. Notes for Lewis Mickey [son of Mattheaus Mickey & Catharina Blickensdoerfer] Hotel keeper Elected as Director of the Poor for Perry County on October 11, 1842 versus Joseph Weibly. - per History of Perry County, Silas Wright, 1873, Published by Wylie & Griest, printed in Lancaster, PA. Page 203 http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/r/i/l/William-Riling/GENE4-0007 .html?Welcome=983767030 320. Johann Michael Muecke, born July 1708 in Hillersdorf, Upper Silesia, Germany; died May 30, 1786 in Nazareth, Northampton Co., PA. He married 321. Eva Catherina Metzger May 27, 1743 in Hernhagg, Germany. 321. Eva Catherina Metzger, born November 24, 1721 in Boeckingen, Germany; died August 12, 1755 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA. Children of Johann Muecke and Eva Metzger are: 160 i. Matthias Muecke, born March 09, 1755 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA; died November 04, 1832 in Lititz, Lancaster Co., PA; married Catherine Blickensderfer October 06, 1782 in Christianbrunn, Northhampton Co., PA. ii. Johann Michael Muecke, born January 02, 1744/45 in Nazareth, PA; died March 12, 1747/48 in Nazareth, PA. iii. Peter Muecke, born May 11, 1747 in Nazareth, Northhampton Co., PA; died April 30, 1816; married (1) Anna Opitz April 21, 1784 in Nazareth, PA; born March 29, 1747; died 1784 in Hope, NJ; married (2) Elizabeth Haller April 10, 1785 in Nazareth, PA; born May 03, 1747 in Montgomery Co., PA; died September 03, 1818 in Nazareth, Northhampton Co., PA. iv. Johannes Muecke, born August 22, 1749 in Friedrichstown, Montgomery Co., PA; died February 06, 1807 in Bethabarra, NC; married (1) Magdalena Hirte June 01, 1774 in Bethabarra, NC; born May 1750; died December 09, 1801 in Bethabarra, NC; married (2) Juliana Strub March 10, 1803 in NC; born August 20, 1771 in Bethabara, NC; died January 31, 1844 in Salem NC. v. Ludwig Muecke, born May 29, 1752 in Friedenstahl, PA; died 1837 in Plainfield Twp., Northhampton Co., PA; married Mary Domenick February 04, 1779 in Philadelphia, PA; died Unknown.
  92. Blickensderfer Family History, Greg Raven online, accessed 9 Apr 2007. Name: Matthias Muecke Birth: 9 Mar 1755, Bethlehem, PA Death: 4 Oct 1832, Lititz, PA Burial: Lititz, PA Father: Johann Michael Muecke (1708-1786) Mother: Eva Catherina Metzger (1721-1755) Spouses 1 Catherina Blickensderfer Birth: 17 May 1761, Lititz, PA Death: 30 Aug 1823, Lititz, PA Burial: Lititz, PA Father: Christian Blickensdörfer (1724-1800) Mother: Catharina Schürger (1727-1778) Marriage: 6 Oct 1782, Lititz, PA Children: John (1783-1849) Matthias (1784-1788) Lewis (1788-1854) Christian (1790-1843) Joseph (1793-1875) Michael (1797-1840) Anna Salome (1799-1875) Abraham (1802-1883) Notes: for Matthias Muecke The 1790 Census shows Mather Mecker in Nazareth Twp., Northampton Co., Pa. The listing shows one male to 16, two males over 16 and one female over 16. The two sons were probably Lewis and John. I can picture the possability that young Matthias died before his fourth birthday, since I found no record of him later in history. The 1800 Census lists Matthias Mikey in Warwick Twp. on page 138 with five male and two female children. There must have been a problem with the 1810 Census as there were no Muecke of any spelling listed in the township or the index. The 1820 Census shows one male 0-10 at home but this is an unknown son. There is also one female 16-26 and one female over 45. This record is located at page 182 (or 116) in Warwick Twp. Lancaster Co., Pa. As best as I can determine Matthias is enumerated with Michael Muecke in the 1830 Census on page 354 Warwick Twp. Lancaster Co., Pa. There is a will in the index for Matthias Muecke for 1832 Book Q Vol. I page 310.
  93. John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991). Page 93. Hirte Name---------------------------Birth------------Parents-----------Record Maria [Hirte]-----------------8 Jan 1745-----Tobias & Maria----------2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  94. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. #11. Maria Hirte was born on Friday the 8th day of January 1745 in Nazareth and was baptized there on the same day by Bryzelius. Her parents were Tobias and Maria [Klose] Hirte. Comments: Brother Paul D. Bryzelius was a very prominent pastor in the Barony of Nazareth, PA in 1745. For history of Bryzelius, the following is taken from fmoran.com/irene2. "One year later Captain Garrison, who accompanied Peter Bohler, Anton Seyffert, Henry Almers and Paul D. Bryzelius to Europe, on the 'Queen of Hungary,' Captain Hilton, had the misfortune to be again captured, this time by a French privateer off the Scilly Islands.".
  95. Hirt entry, Family Group Record File [FGR] (Salt Lake City: Family History Library). Husband: Johann Gottfried Aust Birth: 5 Apr 1722 Heidendorf, , Schlesien, Preussen Married: 28 Apr 1780 Bethlehem, , Pennsylvania Death: 27 Oct 1788 Lititz, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Burial: 28 Oct 1788 Lititz, Lancaster, Pennsylvania Wife: Maria Hirt Birth: Marriage: 28 Apr 1780 Bethlehem, , PA Death: About 1799 Stokes, , Craven, North Carolina. Comments: Died in Stokes or Craven County, NC .
  96. Bethlehem Marriage Register 1780. Page 179. On Friday the 28th day of April 1780, Gottfried Aust and Maria Hirte were married in Bethlehem, PA. They were joined in marriage in the assembly of the whole congregation the widowed brother Gottfried Aust from Salem in the Wachau, youngest son of Christoph and Maria Aust, born in Heidendorf, in the Brieg dukedom in Silesia, with the single sister Maria Hirtin, eldest daughter of Tobias and Maria Hirte, born in Nazareth, and Jacob Bluhm, also a widower, from Bethabara in the Wachau, second son of Franz and Catharina Bluhm, born in the township Sakkana, with the single sister M. Elisabeth Koch, eldest daughter of Johann and Dorothea Koch in Lancaster. Both couples witll return to the Wachau. Comments: Apr. 28 AUST, Gottfried, b Apr. 5, 1722 in Heidendorf, Silesia, the youngest s. of Christoph and Maria; from Salem, N.C.; d Oct. 28, 1788 in Lititz. HIRT, Maria, b in Nazareth, the eldest dau. of Tobias and Maria. By Brother Reichel BLUHM, Jacob, b in Saucon twp., the second s. of Franz and Catharina, mn. Steiger; from Bethabara, N.C.; widower; d Dec. 9, 1803. (Widows' Society Journal) KOCK, M. Elisabeth, from Lancaster, Pa., the eldest dau. of Johann and Dorothea; d July 17,1817. (Widows' Society Journal) From Wikipedia, "Upon the extinction of the last duke Georg Wihelm von Liegnitz-Brieg-Wohlau (George IV William of Liegnitz) in 1675, Brieg came under the direct role of the Habsburgs. Brieg and most of Silesia were annexed by Prussia after that state's victory. Its fortifications were destroyed by the French in 1807.".
  97. Website-fmoran: Early Moravian Settlers #1. 1755, Single Men and Married Couples The year 1755 saw substantial growth in the little Bethabara community, with several parties of new settlers reaching Wachovia, including the first women, who arrived with their husbands on November 4th of that year. Gottfried Aust (1722-1788) was the community potter, arriving in 1755 and living initially in Bethabara, later in Salem. He married three times, first to Felicitas Grosch (the widow Heckedorn) (1736-1777), mother of his son Johann Gottfried (1766-1787); second to Christiana Orchard, widow of William Dixon; and third to Maria [Hirte], surname unknown, whom he went to Pennsylvania to marry in 1780. In May, 1788, he and Maria traveled to Philadelphia, to seek treatment for a cancerous sore on his face, and he died in Lititz PA in September of that year. Comments: Gottfried Aust married Felicitas Grosch, Christiana Orchard, and Maria Hirte 28 Apr 1780 in Bethlehem, PA.
  98. John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991). Page 93. Hirte Name---------------------------Birth------------Parents-----------Record Tobias [Hirte]---------------3 Oct 1747-----Tobias & Maria----------2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  99. Nazareth Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1861. #52. Tobias Hirte was born on Saturday the 14th day of October 1747 in Gnadenthal and there in the evening was baptized into the death of the lamb by Pyrtaeum. His parents were brethren Tobias and Maria [Klose] Hirte. Comments: Brother Pyrtaeum was a pastor in the Barony of the Nazareth, PA in 1747. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister. Born 3 Oct 1747 Julian; 14 Oct 1747 Catholic Gregorian date.
  100. Records of the Moravians in North Carolina: Vol. III. 1776-1779 Adelaide L. Fries, editor, Records of the Moravians in North Carolina, Vol. III [Raleigh, NC: State Department of Archives and History, 1968]. Page 1337. Oct. 26. [1779] Something over 100 cattle were driven through. Oct. 30. A number of Brethren and Sisters went to Bethania to the funeral of Sarah Müller, maiden name Hauser, who died yesterday. Johannes Krause came from Pennsylvania in three weeks with his wagon; with him came Tobias Hirte, brother of Sr. Magdalena Mücke. Page 1329. Nov. 2. [1779] (Aelt. Conf.) Tobias Hirte, brother of Sr. Mücke in Bethabara, has come from a place near Lititz [Lancaster county, PA] where he has been staying. Br. Matthaeus advises that he be treated as a guest until Br. Marshall arrives and something definite is decided. Comments: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lititz,_Pennsylvania: Lititz is a borough in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, 6 miles (approximately 10 km) north of Lancaster. It was founded by Moravians in 1756, and was named after a castle in Bohemia near the village of Kunvald where the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church had been founded in 1457. The roots of the Moravian Brethren's Church date back to the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church. For a century, only Moravians were permitted to live in Lititz. Until the middle of the 1800s, only members of the congregation could own houses; others were required to lease. The lease-system was abolished in 1855, just 5 years before the beginning of the Civil War. More information can be found in the book A Brief History of Lititz Pennsylvania by Mary Augusta Huevener, published in 1947.
  101. Memories of Old Nazareth by John Woolf Jordan pub. 1894 Stories of a German-American Moravian Village 1740-1860. Page 53, 54. CHAPTER 12 Ethnic Relations JOHN TOBIAS HIRTE [the father & the son] The master carpenter at the building of Nazareth Hall was John Tobias Hirte. He had a son named Tobias who was an old man in 1830 [83 yrs.], and at that time lived opposite the church at Hebron, near Lebanon, Pennsylvania. [Hebron, Lebanon is 70 miles SW of Bethlehem, Northampton.] John's son, Tobias [Magdalena's older brother], was an old bachelor, almost blind, and his cattle and chickens lived under the same roof with him. He sold herb medicines around the country and also in Philadelphia. During his visits to that city, he lodged in Moravian alley. He did a brisk business, but as soon as he disposed of his herbs and tinctures, he would walk to his home and not appear again until the following year.
  102. John T. Humphrey, compiler, Pennsylvania Births: Northampton County. 1733-1800 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1991). Page 93. Hirte Name---------------------------Birth------------Parents-----------Record Elias [twin] [Hirte]----------13 May 1750---Tobias & Maria---------2. Comments: Record 2. is the "Record of Births of the Nazareth Moravian Congregation including the affiliated Congregations of Gnadenthal, Friedensthal and Nisky.".
  103. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1756. Page 50. Andreas Hirte, the little son, was born at 4:15 a.m. on Monday the 6th day of August 1753 in Bethlehem and in the afternoon in the liturgy of the parish was baptized into Jesus' death by Brother George Neusser. His parents were brethren Tobias and Maria born Klose. The witnesses were the Brothers Henrich Bek, Matthias Weiss, and Gottlieb Bernt. Comments: Brother George Neisser, from Silesia, was a very prominent pastor in Bethlehem, PA in 1753. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister.
  104. Northampton County Archives Wills & Estate Records Northampton Co., Penna. Wills, 1752-1802. 797 ZIEGLER, John Frederick Nazareth husbandman 19-3-1785 - 4-8-1786 wife Catherine son John-Fredk dau Mary-Catherine wife of Andreas BIRTE [HIRTE] ex wife Catherine wit William EDMONDS and Martin BOEHNER. Comments: Maria Catharina Ziegler was the wife of Andreas Hirte.
  105. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. I. 1742-1756. Page 65. Elisabeth Hirte was born on the 21st day of June 1756 in Bethlehem and one hour after the birth was baptized under the liturgy of the parish by Brother Matthaeus in Jesus' death buried. Her parents were brethren Tobias and Maria [Klose] Hirte. The witnesses amongst others were [the ladies] Rosina Tanneberger, Mariane Müller, the Götty, Anna Rosina Anders, Petermann, and Morhard. Comments: Brother Matthaeus was a pastor in Bethlehem, PA in 1756. The word brethren [brothers and sisters] comes from the German word geschwister.
  106. 1. Collections of the Genealogy Society of Pennsylvania Vol. 258. A List of the Interments in the Old Moravian Graveyard on Market Street in Bethlehem, Pa. belonging to J. Hill Martin of the Philadelphia Bar. 2. Vitals: B-M-D Images F384711 Cemetery Record: Gravestone inscriptions in Moravian graveyards in Nazareth and Bethlehem and some church records, 1742-1904 Philadelphia 1911. Image-Page--Grave#-Section--Loc#-Name & Nativity---------------------------Date of Birth--Date of Death #11-----10-------214-------M------41---Elizabeth Hirte------------------------------21 Jun 1756---21 Feb 1757. Comments: Buried in the 41st grave, section M, grave #214 in the Old Moravian Graveyard, Bethlehem, PA.
  107. Bethlehem Church Register Vol. II. 1756-1801. Page 216.#214. Elisabeth Hirte poor child, the little daughter of Tobias and Maria Hirte died on Monday the 21st day of February 1757 at 7 [8] months of age in Bethlehem, PA. Accompanied by the children's choir, the beautiful baby was buried on the 23rd of the same month in the cemetery [God's Acre].
  108. 1. Transactions of the Moravian Historical Society. Vol. V. Part III. 2. The Old Moravian Cemetery of Bethlehem, Pa., 1742-1897 by Augustus Schultze, D.D. Page 155. [Section C.] Row IV. --- Little Girls Page 156. 41st grave. Elizabeth Hirte, Tobias Hirte's daughter, 1757. Comments: Buried in the 41st grave, 4th row, section C of the little girls in the Old Moravian Cemetery, Bethlehem, PA.