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We, Richard (Rusty) & Jimmie Elaine Brewer, like many other genealogy researchers, claim to be amateur genealogists. Our findings have come from extensive research on the internet, courthouse data in various counties and states, travel to various counties and states, and contacts with many other Brewer family researchers. Some have supplied very rewarding information and others have pointed us in the direction that we need to pursue. When we first started our research, we like many others, believed everything that we read on various websites pertaining to our line of Brewers. That was a mistake. Only rely on "documented" material for research to be factual. Then also, you can sometimes listen to what others, including older family members, say. That is sometimes referred to as "here say". You then can surmise all of the information gathered, but do not list it as factual. Use an asterisk beside the information that you want to include stating that you have come to a "conjecture" on your information. We will try to follow these mentioned guidelines in our following information. My wife Elaine and i are finding additional information about my GreatGreatGrandPa Julius and my GreatGrandPA William Riley and their past lives by extensive research and traveling to their former land holdings. We started this research on on our "line of Brewers" in the fall of 2000. We were given some info from a Brewer (Riley) Reunion in 1998. We never had, prior to that time, researched our family (Brewer) line back any farther than our GrandPa`s. We didn`t seem to have the time, nor the interest to find out where we had came from. After my father (Brewer) fell to ill health, we decided that we needed to find out everything that we could from him about our family genealogy (we also quizzed my mother about her side of family). You would have to had known my father to understand why he knew so little about his family. My father`s sister provided us with the first amount of information that was passed out at the Riley Brewer Reunion in Florence, Al, in the early 1990`s. My father, mother, aunt, and great-aunt, all would go to the Riley Brewer Reunion together annually in the '90`s. My father was a great socializer and attended the get togethers for that purpose (not to study Brewer genealogy). However, he got us the papers on the Brewer Genealogy, that had been passed out at the reunion, from his sister. After we looked over the papers, we knew we were hooked on exploring what had been read. It is very ironic here that most of the info that they had at the Brewer Reunion, which was about the George and Sarah (Lanier) Brewer line, had come from James H Brewer`s research on the Brewer`s who had migrated from N.C. to Lawrence and Wayne Counties, Tn. His information is what headed us in the right direction. The "ironic" part just mentioned, is that he is still providing us today with valuable information as he continues his research. We might mention here that he surmised long ago that Julius probably returned to Wayne Co, TN before he died. After we found the evidence (mentioned above) to support his theory, we now *believe that this is the best possible *conjecture. We added his link to his website on this page. It has tremendous info concerning the George and Sarah (Lanier) Brewer Line. My great-aunt then added some additional information for us and referred us to my distant cousin(s) to continue our research. They would provide us with information that started putting the pieces of the missing/confusing parts of the puzzle together.

We are researching my Brewer line that dates back to George and Sarah (Lanier) Brewer. (Richard Rusty, Hershel, Oscar, Rial [William Riley], Julius, Lanier, Jr., Lanier, George/Sarah Lanier Brewer). We have focused our research on my GrGrGrandPa Julius Brewer and my GrGrandPa William Riley (Rial) Brewer and their related families.

Although a lot of researchers have tied John Brewer III and George Brewer together (George, John III, John II, John, Thomas, William), their relationship never has been documented. *We do believe, however, that there remains a possibility of connecting them together. But, you must remember, documented material on this connection has never been proved as of yet. Therefore, we are listing those Brewer`s as possible (but not yet documented) as the continuance of " My Line Of Brewer`s ".

My Brewer Family Genealogy Tree [My Line Of Brewer`s]"Ten Generations" = George Brewer; Lanier Brewer; Lanier Brewer, Jr.; Julius Brewer; Rial(William Riley)Brewer; Oscar Bryan Brewer; Hershel Ray Brewer; Richard F.(Rusty)Brewer; Living Brewer; Living Brewer.

Please DO NOT refer to anything on this website as " DOCUMENTED " material or facts, unless we state it as being documented. We have tried to point (* used this asterisk) out the difference between documentation and conjectures. We also used the word " surmise " or the word " opinion " when referencing certain statements. When using the word " we ", i am referring to my wife and i.

Julius Brewer was born 1794 in or around Moore County, N.C. He was the son of Lanier Brewer, Jr and a *concubine. *She was said/thought to be of Tuckahoe Indian descent. Here is where the disagreement of the word "Tuckahoe" begins. Some claim, as does the U.S Gov`t and Cherokee Nation, that this is not a recognized tribe. Others say it was a branch of the Eastern Cherokee that was living at one time where present day West Virginia now exists. This tribe and the Pamunkey tribe of Eastern Virginia supposedly intermarried with the Cherokee and therefore were considered as a branch of the Eastern Cherokee. The following is an excerpt from a website where a family member of the Wood and Richey Family explains:

“ My ancestors who were there fled to what is now West Virginia at that time, and were called Tuckahoe Indians -- a term meaning "Root Digger". In Eastern Virginia they were called "Pamunkey Indians, and we are descended from Powhattan and Pocahantas. My Pamunkey/Tuckahoe ancestors were given the surname "Richey". In Eastern Virginia and Kentucky they intermearried with descendants of Cherokee Chief Attacullaculla (he was given the English name "Leaning Wood", and his descendants were given the English surname of "Wood". Tuckahoe is also one of the names of the "Wild Potato Clan".

Tuckahoe comes from an Algonquin Indian word for a plant whose root was a source of nutrition for native Americans from Virginia to New Jersey. It is thought that the source word was ptuckweoo which meant "edible root" or "it is round", and it is said that Capt. John Smith called the plant tuckawhoughe.

The following information was found on a link from a Cherokee Indian Website :

This data is for anyone connected to a group of Native Americans that were called Tuckahoe. Other spellings referring to the same Ancient Natives are: Tuckyhoe, Tuckeyhoe, Tockwogh, Tockwhogh, Tockwough, Tockwoughe, etc., considered among the earliest documented people of MD/DC/VA area, originally encompassing a number of states. "This is an ID associated with Cherokee, Lenape, Algonquin, Iroquois, Conestoga, and numerous other Ancient Native American people here before recorded history". Some were referred to as Chickamauga Cherokee, a nomadic people, spanning the Carolinas through New England. Tuckahoe is the name of stone used to build the Capitol of the United States at DC, originally inhabited by Dogue Indians, probably another spelling variation of Tuckahoe. Numerous places are named Tuckahoe, giving us clues to our ancient family's migration routes. It is a plant called Peltandra Virginica - Tuckahoe, Green Arrow Arum, Arrow Leaf, or Arrowleaf Arum. Bread called Tuckahoe was made from these and other roots as well as corn, etc. It also refers to a favored mushroom of our ancestors, now commonly known as truffles.

We are presently working/researching with other researchers about this connection with the "tuckey-ho". *Right now we tend to believe that the connection reference talked about above, was probably referring to the "Wild Potato Clan" tribe, which is one of the 7 Tribes (recognized) of the Cherokee Nation. This tribe, as well as other Algonquin tribes, were referred to sometimes as a "Tucky-ho" by other tribesman and white colonists in the mid to late 1700`s and early 1800`s as in reference to a clan that cultivated the potato type plant (tuckahoe). Some researchers believe also that other tribesmen, as well as white colonists, would sometimes refer to someone of Native American descent that they disliked as "just an old TUCKY-HO". This statement came from an Cherokee Indian website as to his explanation of the term "Tucky-ho". This slang term/meaning was used not to refer to one of ill-repute, but for those clans that cultured/cultivated the "Tuckahoe Plant" (a potato like root grown in swamp/marsh land) for food.

The following information, which is referent to the “Turkey Ho” Indian blood theory and Lanier Brewer, JR, came from a book written by Lois Smith Phillips and Carol Smith Purvis in their research of the Brady family of Moore and Chatham Counties, NC : “Bradley Brady married Hester Ann Brewer (sister to the 5 Brewer brothers mentioned above) around 1820. He would have been about 22 years old and she would have been about 20 years old. Having seen pictures of several of their children and witnessing the characteristics of high cheek bones in many of their living descendants, one may wonder if there were an Indian ancestor in the family. Indeed, this may have been the case. Howell Bruer, (spelled Brewer), came down into North Carolina to Moore County to hunt game to carry back to the settlers in Virginia. After a while he decided to stay in Moore County. He had a land grant on Deep River in 1754. Lanier Brewer, his brother joined him. Lanier Brewers son Lanier,JR had two wives, one concubine, thirty sons, and three daughters heresay. One of Lanier,JR Brewers sons was George Brewer, who was of Tuckahoe Indian descent. George called the tribe "Turkey Ho". It appears Hester Ann Brewer might have been one of Lanier,JRs daughters. Being a sister to George, she could have been part Indian also. Some of Lanier Brewer's sons and their uncle, Howell Brewer, moved to Tennessee (Lawrence/Wayne Counties). Some of these Brewers also moved to Alabama”. **NOTE = It is believed by some Brewer researchers that Hester Ann Brewer, born ABT 1800, was the last known daughter of Lanier,JR Brewer. We believe this to be probably true also, but can`t verify or document with written evidence.

Our *belief is that there is a lot of merit for Lanier Brewer,Jr and his concubine of Indian descent (Tucky-ho). In my line of Brewers, it has been passed down for years that we had Cherokee Indian Blood in us. We might add here that the Lumbee Tribe(descendant of Cherokee) were located in Moore County, North Carolina, (Lanier Jr. lived there, sons Wiley and Julius were born there) during this time frame. The Lumbee are still there today in present time. They are a recognized tribe and were at one time referred to as a branch of the Eastern Cherokee. So, in part, the concubine could have been from the Wild Potato Clan, Lumbee, or other branches of the Eastern Cherokee Indians. She also could have been connected to the Shawnee who were dispersed in nearby regions. The Shawnee probably originated in the Ohio Valley, although there is much doubt as to their ancestral home. Their name is a Delaware word meaning “Southerners.” They had at one time or another villages in South Carolina, Tennessee, Pennsylvania, Georgia, Alabama, and Ohio. They were considered a roving people although they practiced agriculture wherever they located their villages. They spoke an Algonquin dialect and were woodland in their culture and habits. By the early nineteenth century the Shawnee were living in three separate locations. Some were with the Creek in Georgia and Alabama, some were on the Cumberland River in Tennessee and some were with the Delaware on the Susquehanna River in Pennsylvania. Due to white pressure on the lands and intertribal disputes the Cumberland and Susquehanna Shawnee joined together north of the Ohio River in the 1750s. We find to many references/stories that have been in this family line and passed down by word of mouth for years and years. *So, until proven wrong, we are going to *surmise that Lanier, Jr did father children with his Indian concubine(s) and they were probably the Line Of Brewers that would come to Lawrence and Wayne Counties, Tn. We believe more information will eventually turn up as researchers continue to research this theory. As we find out more, we will update with new info!

In the book “Brewers of N.C., Tennessee, Arkansas, Vol I", Arthur Wallis, who was a GrGrGrGrandson of Lanier Brewer, said his Grandfather, James Wiley Wallis, told him that Lanier had several children with a “tuckey ho indian descent“.

One must also mention here that in the mid to late 1700`s and early 1800`s, one of the largest Cherokee settlements in the east was called “Turkey Town“. So, you can imagine how some old southern lingo pieced together might have sounded for a description of who married who. We definately don`t *think this was the case. However, we thought it to be somewhat amusing.

The last of this segment will discuss the possibility of Lanier, Jr and a Cherokee Maiden. We found several researchers that had the names of Rebecca and/or Narcises as marrying Lanier, Jr. We find no documentation of this marriage. If this documentation was found, it would answer all questions and clarify all erroneous family reports/trees. The Indian father and mother of Narcises(Narcisus), according to some other researchers is Oconostota (Stalking Turkey) and Ooloosta (Paint Clan). Oconostota was a Warrior Chief of the Eastern Cherokee and fought beside Andrew Jackson in the Creek Indian Wars and at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. He was the Grandson of Cherokee Chief Amatoya Moytoy and Quatsy of Tellico. A lot of Cherokee Indian Royalty there. Once again, We find no documentation supporting this connection. We respect other researcher(s) opinions and thought mentioning here was approiate. Maybe someone will find supporting information toward this.

So, to repeat what we stated previously, we find to many references/stories that have been in this Brewer family line and passed down by word of mouth for years and years that we had Cherokee Indian blood in us. *So, until proven wrong, we are going to surmise that Lanier, Jr did father children with his “tucky-ho (turkey-ho) concubine (possibly melitus / mulatto), or Indian Maiden“, and this was probably the Line Of Brewers that came to Lawrence and Wayne Counties, Tn around 1816.

The following info from "Cherokee Nation" quorum explains what a lot of people seek to know of their possible indian blood quantum : "In order to become a registered member of any federally recognized Indian Nation you must first get a CDIB (Certificate of Degree of Indian Blood). This CDIB is issued by the BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs) and simply states that the United States government certifies that you have a specified degree of Indian blood and are a member of a given federally recognized tribe. Once you have a CDIB you can become a recognized member of that tribe. Without a quantum you cannot become a registered member of a tribe. The Eastern Band of the Cherokees requires that you be 1/16 or higher to join, and the Keetowah band requires a blood quantum of 1/4 or higher. The Cherokee Nation, on the other hand, has no quantum restrictions. The majority of the Cherokee Nation has 1/4 or less Indian blood. Cherokees were in direct contact with white settlers prior to the American Revolution. Many prominent Cherokee families included intermarried whites very early on. The Cherokee people have been intermarrying with whites for over two hundred years, so many families have some very confusing fractions to speak out every time someone asks, "How much Indian are you?" Throughout history the Cherokee people have believed that if you're Cherokee, you're Cherokee. If you're not, you're not. Percentage doesn't matter."

George, Henry, Solomon, Wiley, and Julius (GrGrGrandPa) were all *presumably brothers and some of the first known Brewers to come to Lawrence and Wayne Counties, Tennessee. They were all *presumably sons of Lanier Brewer, Jr and his *concubine(s). We *think George came first to Wayne County, and that Henry came first to Lawrence County via Maury County and then on to Wayne County, then Solomon and Julius followed to Lawrence County, and Wiley was last to come to Wayne County via Lawrence County. Land Grants were issued in the late 1700`s and early 1800`s. Here is a brief description of how settlers from the N.C. area were "enticed" to moving into Western Tennessee :

EARLY LAND GRANTS, State of TENNESEE Historical Background

In 1782 the North Carolina legislature set aside a military reservation in what is now upper middle Tennessee. Land grants were made there for Revolutionary War veterans as compensation for their military services. When he had served out his enlistment, a soldier was issued a certificate testifying to his service and honorable discharge or he had to wait and make claim for his service years after the war. He could be rewarded with a grant of land in the western territories. The amount of acreage alloted was determined by military rank. According to the Land Act of 1782 no claims could be entered before October 20, 1783. Within a few months astute eastern land speculators had sent out surveyors to lay off the best land for themselves, buying military warrants from veterans to convert into land claims for themselves. An entry had to be made for the amount of land due the claimant and the survey with a plat drawn. It then was submitted to the secretary of state of North Carolina who was authorized to issue a grant after it received the signature of the governor. The land office closed in Hillsboro, North Carolina in May of 1784 after operating only seven months during which some four million acres of Tennessee land had been processed. Even after North Carolina had ceded its western territory to the national government in 1790 the state retained the right to satisfy land grants for military service there. Then in 1796, when Tennessee was admitted into the union, the two states agreed to work together in settling land claims. Although the Chickasaw Indians had more or less agreed to relinquish their claim to land in middle Tennessee, James Robertson and Silas Dinsmoor signed a treaty of cession in July of 1805 with them for the east and north sections of the Congressional Reservation. In April of 1806 the United States agreed to turn over jurisdiction of all land grants to the state of Tennessee. An important provision of the federal legislation of 1806 regarding the Congressional Reservation was that there should be insufficient land in that reservation then the land south and west of it could be entered. This country became known as the Western District. The United States laid claim to all land east of the Mississippi River based on the Royal Charter of 1663 when the English monarch placed theoretical claim to the eastern and transmontane lands in the south. However, in reality the state and national governments treated with the various Indian tribes for this vast domain. In 1806 Tennessee established two land offices, one with headquarters in Knoxville for east Tennessee and one in Nashville for west (now middle) Tennessee. Each office was supervised by a register who was qualified by law to issue land grants. Acting in the interest of the United States the governments of Tennessee and North Carolina and commissioners Andrew Jackson and Isaac Shelby made a treaty of cession with the Chickasaws for all their lands in west Tennessee and western Kentucky. Naturally, this was followed by authorization by Congress in April of 1818 for Tennessee, rather than North Carolina, to "issue grants and perfect titles to land south and west of the Congressional line in settlement of these claims." The cession called the Jackson Purchase by many persons was made on October 19, 1818 and thus was West Tennessee ceded to the "whites." The treaty of cession was accepted by the national government and ratified when it was signed by President James Monroe on January 7, 1819. The Tennessee legislature convened in October of that year and accepted the cession, expressed its intention of honoring old North Carolina land grants and established land offices to distribute the land effectively. On October 23, 1819 the state legislature divided the Western District into seven surveyor districts. These were then divided into ranges that ran north and south in five mile squares called sections. For an individual to acquire public land legally by gaining a title he first had to secure a warrant or certificate from a land register or land commissioner for that specific acreage or else buy the warrants of others for land. Then he had to locate his land as a warrant just stipulated the amount of acreage involved not its location; after which it was entered upon an entrybook kept by an official entry-taker who could record this entry so that it might then be laid out by an official surveyor. This process completed, the claimant then submitted survey and plot to the secretary of state of Tennessee who issued a land grant for the land, attaching a permanent number to the land grant and thereby preventing duplications of numbers and overlapping of some land grants.

Click Here James H Brewer website "Brewer Researcher" his website has substantial information on the Brewer brothers mentioned above. He has researched this family for several years. I highly recommend this website to anyone researching the George & Sarah (Lanier) Brewer family/line.

Richard Rusty Brewer (right) discusses with James H (Jim) Brewer (left) the details of the 5 *presumed original Brewer brothers who came to Wayne County (via Lawrence County) Tennessee. The photo was taken July 3, 2010 at the Brewer Reunion in Wayne County, Tennessee.

THE LIFE OF JULIUS BREWER

Richard Rusty Brewer speaking about the life of his GreatGreat Grandfather Julius Brewer at the 2011 Brewer Reunion in Collinwood, Wayne County, Tennessee.

Julius Brewer, as mentioned beforehand was born in 1794 in/around Moore County, N.C., and fought in the War of 1812-14 with militia troops from North Carolina. He was a rifleman (documented) in 1st Company, which was detached from the Cumberland Regiment {documented}. CLICK HERE to go to documentation of Julius serving in the War Of 1812-1814(scroll down to bottom of page and select "riflemen, then select 1st Company for listing of riflemen names"). Although we have no written documentation of any other military service, other than that of his documented muster roll information of the War of 1812-1814, *we do believe that Julius continued his military service on into the Creek Indian Wars of 1813-14 as some of the N.C. Militia joined forces with the Tennessee Militia (these are binded together in some War of 1812-14 facts and figures) under the command of General Thomas Brown and even later on at Horseshoe Bend, Al after joining forces with the Tennessee Militia under the command of John Coffee, and possibly against the British in New Orleans in 1814-15. EXCERPT taken from description of the "NATCHEZ TRACE" : " The course of the Natchez Trace ran from Nashville, Tennessee to Pontotoc in northern Mississippi, where it connected with trails leading to all sections of the southern United States. In 1801, the federal government secured permission from the Chickasaws to open a wagon road through their lands. In 1806, Congress authorized such a road with the approval of the Chickasaws; one that would run about 500 miles through the wilderness southwesterly from Nashville, Tennessee to Natchez, Mississippi. This road adhered closely to the old "Mountain Leader's Trace." This government road is now the famed “Natchez Trace” over which there was much traffic until about 1827-1830 when the government ceased to use it for postal-travel purposes. It had become evident that sending the public mail by steamboat over the inland waterways would offer faster delivery service. The old Indian trace was used by hunters as well as others traversing the western country. Early in April 1815 four companies of General John Coffee's Tennessee Militia forces made use of the trace, returning to their homes in Middle Tennessee (then known as "WEST" Tennessee), having served under the command of General Andrew Jackson at the battle of New Orleans and in the southern campaign against the British during the War of 1812. "

In a biography written of Henry G. Brewer, Henry stated :

"Only 50 years before, his uncle, Julius Brewer, had fought in the War of 1812, as probably did his own father."

There was another interesting person also that was involved in the fighting at this time. His name was David “Davy“ Crockett. We will refer back to him later on.

Around 1817, Julius came to Lawrence County, Tennessee . Brothers Wiley, Henry, had land entrys there in 1817 and Solomon about 1826 . Julius never entered a land entry in Lawrence County, but is believed to have lived in the same area as his brothers around 1818-1820. They all lived on or around Brewer`s Branch, which is near present day Wayland Springs, that is on Hwy 242 between Iron City and West Point. In the Lawrence County 1818 Voters List, Wiley and Henry are both listed under Esquire Joseph Gist district of Taxable Property Owners and Voters List (Julius would marry Joseph Gist’ daughter Margaret in Oct 1820).

On the 1820 U.S. census, Julius is listed as having 1 male child under 10, 1 male 26-45, 3 females under 10, 1 female 10-16, and 1 female 26-45. Note here that 2 of the females under 10, and the 1 female 10-16, should have been placed on the next census line, that being Julius` brother Henry (as the dates relate to Henry`s daughters who were not listed on his census line). Evidently, it was just an error by the census taker when he entered the numbers on Henry`s line. This census record would indicate that Julius was married to Unknown UNKNOWN age 26 to 45 with a son under 10 and a daughter under 10.

We have often wondered who the unknown male child that was living in the Julius Brewer household on the 1820 & 1830 US Census of Lawrence and Wayne County, Tennessee. This question has perplexed our research of Julius` family in his early adulthood. We now believe it is *possible, and we emphasize the word *possible, that Elias Brewer was that son of Julius Brewer and his 1st wife, who was UNKNOWN. We base this *conjecture on the following : (1)Julius had a son living in his household on the 1820 Lawrence County, Tn census that was listed under the age of 10. Julius married Margaret Gist in Lawrence County, Tn in Oct 1820 (documented). In the 1830 Wayne County, Tn census, Julius is showing a male child over 10 and under 16. This matches the same age line as the 1820 census. Unfortunately, the 1820, !830, & 1840 census did not list the names of the spouse or children. (2) In 1836, Elias married Letitia Wallace (Wallis). Elias is listed on the 1840 Lawrence County census. On the 1850 census Elias, Letitia, and now young family members, are in Wayne County, Tn (this particular area of Wayne County is next to the Lawrence County, Tn line). (3) They are living in the same general area that Julius and his family were living before Julius left Wayne County around 1834 for Marion County, Al. (4) The father and mother of Elias Brewer of Lawrence and Wayne County, Tn, have never been determined/identified as of yet. His parents are listed as UNKNOWN. (5) Julius, to our knowledge, is the only Brewer of the *presumed original 5 Brewer brothers (George, Henry, Solomon, Wiley, & Julius), who came to Lawrence and Wayne Counties, Tn, that had an unknown male child to never have been identified. Therefore, based on the info/data prior mentioned, we *surmise that Elias Brewer could/would be the son of Julius Brewer (1820 & 1830 census)and an Unknown Spouse. We also believe Julius probably had a daughter {unknown} born in late 1819 or early 1820 with the Unknown Spouse, as a female unknown also is listed in the household prior to the documented marriage of Julius Brewer to Margaret Gist in Oct 1820. We also *believe that this first (1st) unknown spouse of Julius was *possibly/probably Indian and/or(melitus/mulatto). We *think this may be where others have gotten confused that Julius` last wife Nancy was Indian. *Probably was his first (1st) Unknown wife, and not his last wife Nancy, that was Indian.

Julius married Margaret Gist (born abt 1785) on October 5, 1820. Their marriage was by the Justice Of Peace, who was her own brother Joshua Gist (conflicting data on which brother actually performed the marriage, as brother Joseph was one of the Justice of Peace of Lawrence County, Tn at that time). Margaret also had a female child under 10 by an “ unknown “ prior to her marriage to Julius.

Julius was asked to serve as a juror in several cases in Lawrence County. One of the cases involved his friend David “Davy“ Crockett (Julius would later on name one of his sons after him).

Court records from Lawrence County Archives :

" Tuesday, Oct 2nd, 1821 Julius Brewer was summoned to appear a Juror at the County Couty the 1st Monday in January next, to-wit, Julius Brewer and (25 others) ".

" January Term, 1822 - January 22, 1822. The sheriff returned the following venure Facias returnable to this term, to-wit, Julius Brewer and 25 others. The following were drawn as Grand Jurors, Julius Brewer and (25 others) ".

Friday, January 11th, 1822, Wm. F. Cunningham vs. David Crockett - Appeal - " This day came the parties by their attornies and thereupon came a jury of good and lawful men, to-wit, Julius Brewer and (25 other men), who being elected, tried and were sworn well and truly to try this issue of traverse, upon their oaths do say that the defendant is guilty in manner and form as in the plaintiff's declaration mentioned, whereupon it is consideered by the court that the plantiff recover against the defendant and John Edmundson and John foster the defendant's surety the sum of $70 debt together with he sum of $1.40 damages, togeather with his costs by him about his suit in this behalf expanded and the defendant in mercy & c. ".

Late 1823 or early 1824, Julius moved his family from Brewer Branch (Lawrence County) up Holly Creek Road to Butler Creek (Last) in Wayne County, Tennessee. Butler Creek has three (3) smaller creeks, named Upper(First)-Middle-Lower(Last) Butler Creeks, that join together to form the larger Butler Creek. Julius entered an Land grant for 25 acres on Lower Butler Creek. He and Margaret would have their first (1st) child together at this location in 1824, Sarah Ann.

Late 1826 or early 1827, Julius moved his family across Shawnette Ridge (present day Meonite Rd) to Holly Creek. He had an Land Entry for 50 acres. This land is located on present day Railroad Bed Road (runs mostly thru center of property) on Holly Creek between Williams Hollow Road and Billy Moore road. In the 1830 U.S. Census, Julius is shown with 1 male child 10 to 15, 1 male 30 to 40, 2 females 5 to 10, 1 female 15 to 20, and 1 female 30 to 40. Julius and Margaret would have their second (2nd) child together at this location (SE of present day Bethlehem Community) in 1832, Hulda Jane.

In March-May 1834, Julius moves his family to Marion County, Alabama. We *base this date on the land deed/grant issued to Julius. We presume he left the 25 acre parcel on Last Butler Creek and the 50 acre parcel on Holly Creek to mentioned son Elias. Julius land grant(War Of !812-1814 Bounty Land Grant) of 160 acres, as listed by the Pontotoc Land Office, (documented) in the NW section of Marion County near the Franklin County Line in the Bull Mountain Creek area. Originally federal bounty land for veterans and heirs of veterans of the War of 1812(1812-1815) could only be taken out in designated districts in Arkansas, Illinois, and Missouri. An act of Congress in 1842 allowed the claimants to receive their land in any federal land state, including Alabama, thus explaining the issue date (1845) on his registered land deed/certificate. This particular time in Julius` life becomes very interesting and somewhat confusing. Margaret *supposedly died in 1834. *A Gist family website states, whether it be fact or fiction, that Margaret died from childbirth complications in 1833-34(she was now in her late 40`s or early 50`s). Another *story passed down from family members, whether it be fact or fictional also, says Julius, Margaret, and her Gist family members travelled by water to the Franklin/Marion County line around 1834. That would be Shoal Creek out of Lawrence County, Tn to the Tennessee River and onto Bear Creek, then down Bear Creek (AL/MS line) to Bull Mountain. We *surmise that they probably followed by horse and wagon using those creeks/waterways as a guide to their Alabama location. We base this on (1) the waterway route was to rapid in places and also very shallow in places for boat travel, (2) a small band of Chickasaw Indian warriors still remained in a portion of Northwest Alabama at that time and were hostile to incoming settlers due to their resentment of the Indian Removal Treaty Act that their Tribal Chiefs had signed in 1834 to relocate the tribes to Oklahoma. To top off all of this, the Marion County, AL Courthouse records were destroyed by fire, not once, but twice in the late 1800`s. *Julius and Margaret` third child supposedly together was Delilah, born in 1834. *This would have been the child born which resulted in Margaret`s childbirth complications that caused her death? Once again the facts concerning Margaret`s death time/frame, along with the birth of Delilah in 1834/35, is somewhat confusing. Was Delilah really the last daughter of Julius and Margaret as previously stated or was she actually the first child(daughter) of Julius and his last wife Nancy who he married in 1835? We just*do not know for sure. In 1835, Julius marries a Nancy (Unknown maiden name), who was about 20 years of age. Julius and his last(3rd)wife Nancy first or second(depending on who Delilah was born to) born was named Nancy, born Nov 13, 1837 in Marion County, Al. Then came David C. (1842), Mary (1842), Daniel (1843), Alexander (1846), and Rial (William Riley) (GrGrandPa) in 1848. Again the fires probably destroyed the only record(s) of Julius` last wife Nancy1 maiden name. *We are pretty sure Nancy WAS NOT full blood Cherokee Indian as so many Brewer researchers have mistakenly included in their "Family Trees".** We will leave open the possiblity that Nancy(wife) could have had some Indian blood in her. As we stated earlier, GrGrandPa Riley had said he was 1/4 Indian, not 1/2. Also, as we previously mentioned, the Marion County, AL courthouse being destroyed by fire in the late 1880`s would have had the Marriage Records there. So, for the time being, we will have to leave Nancy`s maiden name as UNKNOWN. We will now move on in Julius` life. Julius is listed on the 1840 Marion County, AL census as Jules Brown (Jules should be Julius and Brown should be Brewer), as the census proofreader made a mistake on transcription conversion. Thanks again to James (Jim) H Brewer for finding this mistake on the census report. One of Julius` neighbors around 1840 was James Madison Clark, whose property/land sit on equal sides of the Franklin and Marion Counties Line. Julius` daughter Sarah Ann married James Madison Clark in the early 1840`s (1842 ?). Note here that we mentioned earlier that Julius and David “Davy“ Crockett were friends and community neighbors in Lawrence County, Tn. The son Julius named David Crockett (D.C.) Brewer was in his honor. We also will mention here that when we were in Lawrence County, TN researching records on Julius, we were told by an elderly woman working in the records department that the marriage record of Julius Brewer to Margaret Gist had at one time been on file there. But, the current records has an asterisk beside their name indicating that record is missing. After telling her that David Crockett was a supposedly friend of Julius, she said that possibly his signature as a witness on the marriage certificate could be an explanation of why it is missing. Very Interesting !

After Rial (William Riley) was born in Dec. of 1848, Julius once again moved his family. It *could have been in early 1849. This time it was over Bull Mountain (Marion County, AL) into Tishomingo County, Mississippi. He relocated in the Tishomingo - Dennis – Belmont area. We have not at this present time found exactly where he lived, but will list it once we find out for sure. We *think it is located on present day Hwy 25 N of Belmont, Ms. Julius` daughter Sarah Ann would move from Alabama to that area around 1860. * So, this is why we surmise the location of the area just mentioned, as to where Julius probably lived. On the 1850 U.S. Census, Julius is listed in Tishomingo County, Ms with his wife Nancy and their 6 children, plus Julius` daughter Delilah who he supposedly? had fathered with Margaret Gist. Hulda Jane Brewer Yow (she has now married Henry Yow), whom he also had fathered with Margaret Gist, is living next door.

As early as 1852, or as late as 1855, Julius and family return to Wayne County, TN. This information was just recently discovered. Wayne County, TN Court Records show on two (2) different documents where Hulda Jane and Henry Yow are mentioned by name. We would *surmise that they would not have moved back to Wayne County unless Julius had also moved. Also, as we were looking thru some old photos, on the back of a photo of Julius` last born, William Riley (GrGrandPa), it is written that William Riley moved to Cypress Inn, TN area {Cypress Inn Post Office coverage includes Butler Creek area of Wayne County, Tn}, when he was 7 years old. William Riley was born in 1848, so this would put the time frame at 1855 when they moved. Additionally, in 1855, Julius` daughter Hulda Jane, whose husband Henry Yow had died around 1854 in Mississippi , marries for a second time to William Newton Hollis of Wayne County. (William Newton`s father, James, once owned 4500 acres, about 7 square miles, on the upper end of Holly Creek (named after him) and part of his and " Newt`s " 1200 acres lay in Lawrence County, TN). Julius` daughter Nancy then married William T Martin in 1856. She and William T Martin were married in Tishomingo County, Ms in 1856, although others say they were married in Wayne County, TN. It is sometime around 1855-1859 that Julius dies. In the 1860 U.S. Census, Rial (William Riley) is living with his older sister Nancy (just mentioned as marrying William Martin) in Tremont, Mississippi and is attending school. The other boys, Daniel, Alexander, and David C., may have entered into service during the Civil War, but we do not think so. We have not found any military records on them to support the theory they participated in the Civil War as yet. It is possible/probable they may have never served in the war. We *believe they returned to Marion County, AL. Nancy (wife of Julius) can`t be found in 1860. We did find her on the 1866 State of Alabama Census living in Marion County, AL next door to daughter Delilah, who had married James(Joseph)Edwin Mize. She died or remarried before 1870. We found records of David C. and Alexander living into the early 1900`s. We also found a Daniel Brewer in Lauderdale County, Al, but don`t know if it is the brother Daniel or not. We also have seen where Daniel died as a young boy. This has not been documented.

We don`t have documentation as to where Julius is buried, so once again we will *surmise that he is probably buried in the Butler Creek area of Wayne County, Tn. Julius` presumed brothers Wiley, Henry M., and Solomon are all buried in unknown graves and locations in that area of Wayne County. They all lived on Butler Creeks and are presumed to be buried in the vicinity. There are five (5) Brewer Cemeteries in Wayne County, with 3 of those being in the Butler Creek area. *We now believe that Julius is buried in an unmarked grave in this same area. Two (2) of Julius` daughters, Hulda Jane and Nancy, are both buried in Bethlehem Cemetery in the Bethlehem Community that is located in the Butler/Holly Creek area. The two (2) daughters being buried there, makes this a logical conjecture as to his final resting place. However, we *surmise that he and his brothers are buried in either Brewer Cemetery on Last Butler Creek Road or Bucksnort/Brewer Cemetery on Bucksnort Cemetery Road if they are indeed buried in a cemetery. Wiley`s (Julius` brother) oldest son Soloman is buried there (Bucksnort)along with his wife (Eleanor) and family. There are numerous unmarked graves around them. Brewer Cemetery, on the lower end of Last Butler Creek Road, is perhaps the oldest of the Brewer Cemetery locations. It is located quite a distance off of the road in the edge of the woods behind an open field. The family of Solomon Brewer states this is where they think Solomon and his wife (Sarah Cockman) are buried. Solomon, Henry, and Wiley, all married Cockman sisters (Henry-Mary/Wiley-Margaret). When we were in Wayne County looking for information, taking pictures, etc., we stopped at a small rural store and asked for directions. An elderly gentleman ask us who in particular we were looking for. We told him Brewer and he said half of the county were Brewer related. He went on to tell us that the Brewer Cemetery on Last/Middle Butler Creek Road and Bucksnort (some refer to it as Brewer Cemetery also), up on Bucksnort Ridge were the oldest Brewer Cemetery locations in Wayne County. He also said that some of the older unmarked graves at both locations were now covered either in undergrowth or new pine trees that had been planted (whoever owned the land, sold the timber and replanted young pine trees). It would be a logical *conjecture to say that all the Brewer brothers and Cockman sisters are buried in the same cemetery. But, with Wiley`s oldest son, Solomon, being buried at Bucksnort, and with several unmarked graves in that cemetery, makes it possible that Wiley and his wife Margaret are buried there. We *surmise that Julius is possibly buried in one of these two (2) locations with his brother(s). We might mention here that it is a remote possibility that Julius returned to Marion County, AL in the late 1850`s and died/buried there. We think this is a poossibility due to Julius` wife and some of their children living there in the 1860`s. We mentioned this because of no documentation of his death/burial place.

Some of the so-called "tales" of adventures of Julius, just do not seem to fit in. We want to emphasize here that these so-called "tales" DID NOT come from the Brewer research work mentioned above at the Brewer reunion that was passed out. We find no evidence to the tales of Julius being a wagonmaster and/or interpreter on the "Trail of Tears". Nor do we find any evidence that Julius` last wife Nancy was Indian. We think we have researched this enough to make this *assumption.

**Now we are going to *surmise our findings and research on Julius. We believe that Julius was not a farmer by occupation. We are sure he had some small crops to feed his family and livestock, but do not believe he farmed for a living. Julius moved his family five (5) different times (that i know of). We do not think that anyone farming for a living would do that. We tend to believe that Julius was a " trader " by profession. The following statements make me believe that this is probable : (1) All the locations that moved to and lived were in the close vicinity of the Natchez Trace (like a present day interstate) or Andrew Jackson Military Road, also (2) by visiting and looking over the land that he once lived upon. The land was located on streams, creeks, springs, branches, etc., that were ideal for trapping (furs, hides, meat, etc.,) and hunting. In addition to the water, there was also high ridges for protection, not only from weather, but from hostile purposes. In the early to mid 1800`s, there were bear still located in these areas. If Julius' mother was indeed Indian, as most of us Brewer Researchers tend to believe, then he would have spoken the Indian Language fluently. This would also contribute to the theory of being a " trader " by profession. You could also throw in the fact that he marched and fought in the southeastern part of the U.S. during the War of 1812-1814 and skirmishes of 1814-1815. This so-called moving around from place to place may have remained in him over the years. We might add here, that Julius could also have been a member of a surveying team or involved with the military in some capacity. We base this on him living near the Natchez Trace in all of his movements.

We tried to use an * besides all of our conjectures-surmise-assumptions that we made on the above findings of GrGrGrandPa, Julius Brewer. Please do not take those comments as factual or documented. They are just our *opinion.

Researching Julius' life has presently been an 10 year adventure for us. We have walked and stood on the same ground that he once did. It has become an addiction to us to find even more information on him. The search is still ongoing.

Julius Brewer is *PROBABLY buried in Wayne County, Tn. Julius and his brothers are all buried in unknown locations in the Butler/Holly creek area. They could have been buried on their own property/homesite. If we had to pick a cemetery location as to where they might be buried, we would *surmise either Brewer Cemetery on lower Last Butler Creek Road or the Bucksnort/Brewer Cemetery on Bucksnort Cemetery Road in an unmarked grave. We have been told by elderly residents, of this area, that these two Cemetery locations are where the older/eldest Brewers are/were buried. In our final *conjecture of the location as to where Julius is buried, we now *surmise that Wayne County, Tn, is his final resting place. Julius was in Wayne County, Tn in 1855. We will leave open the possibility that he might have gone back to Marion County, AL and died/buried there. His time of death now is *probably 1855-1859.

Click Here to view photos of current locations/land Julius once lived, maps of those locations, and cemetery photos/maps that pertain to Julius Brewer. We created this page to free up some space on this page. We originally had the photos/maps on this page. The photos show what beautiful locations Julius once lived upon!!

***William Riley Brewer***

We find Riley Brewer living in Tremont (Itawamba County) in 1860. He is living with his older sister Nancy and her husband William T Martin and family. Riley is 12 years old and attending school. On the US census of 1860, it lists Riley as 22 years if age. This was simply a proofreader mistake on transcription of info/data. Tremont, Mississippi is located just across the Mississippi/Alabama state line. The western part of Marion County, Alabama lies adjacent to the mentioned state line. Riley worked at a couple of different jobs while living and continuing his growth into adulthood.

Around 1867, Riley begins courting a young lady living close to the Marion County, Alabama/Itawamba County, Mississippi line named Sarah Frances Davis. They married sometime around 1868 in Marion County, Alabama. Their 1st born was John William, who arrived in May of 1869-(1935). Jesse Sylvester would follow in 1870-(1920), then Mary Jane 1876-(?), Thomas (Tom) Alexander 1878-(1931), Sarah Jane 1880-(?), Nancy Adaline 1882-(1942), Julius Morgan 1885-(1922), and Florence 1886-(1914). On 22nd April 1887, Sarah Frances dies in Marion County, Alabama at 36 years of age. Riley is left to raise the children. William Riley then married Sarah Pernice Stidham on 16th November 1887 in Marion County, Alabama. Wesley Stidham, grandfather of Sarah Pernice, who was a Baptist minister, performed the marriage ceremony. Sarah Pernice was born 12th Feb 1862, while her father, Winston (Wint) Dilmus Stidham was serving as a member of the 5th Alabama Cavalry, Company B, CSA, during the Civil War.

Riley and Pernice had their 1st child together, Wiley O., on the 7th May 1889-(1969). Henry would follow in June 1890-(1910). Etta would come next in 1892-(?), Ada 1893-(1966), Ida 1895-(1984), Oscar 1897-(1956), Lennie Evelyn 1899-(1991), and Marjorie 1901-(1980). Riley fathered 8 children with both wives for a total of 16.

In the fall of 1900, Riley decided to move his family from Hackleburg, Alabama to the delta of Mississippi. Riley traded some of his cattle herd to a local school teacher for 125 acres of land in Tallahatchie County, Mississippi. The land was located between Cascilla and Paynes, Mississippi. The entire family, which consisted of Riley` children with his 1st wife Sarah Frances, who is now deceased , current wife Sarah Pernice and their children, would make the journey. The exceptions were daughters Mary Jane, Sarah Jane, and Nancy Adaline. They had either just recently married or were preparing to. Also, Jesse Sylvester, who is now married and starting a family, remained in Hackleburg. According to US Land documents, he purchased, probably from his father Riley, 160 acres that was deeded/recorded in 1901. John, who is now married and has 2 small children with his new bride, decides to move his family alongside Riley. The following members of the family made the trip : Riley, Sarah Pernice, son John and his family, son Thomas (Tom) Alexander, son Julius Morgan (JM), daughter Florence, (all of these listed are children of Riley` first wife Sarah Frances), (the next 7 children will be from Riley and Sarah Pernice), son Wiley O, son Henry, daughter Etta, daughter Ada, daughter Ida, son Oscar, and daughter Lennie Evelyn. We must mention here that Sarah Pernice was expecting her and Riley` 8th child, as she was 6 months pregnant when she made this trip. Their daughter Marjorie would be born in March 1901 in Mississippi. In Jan 1901 Riley, Sarah Pernice, and family were in Tallahatchie County, near Cascilla/Paynes, Mississippi. The children immediately enrolled in school.

Wiley O, brother of Pa (Grand) Brewer (Oscar), was assigned in his English class to write an essay about some part of his life. Wiley thought long and hard as to what he might write about. He chose to write about the adventuress moving experience that he and his family endured while moving from the only home that they had ever known, Hackleburg, Alabama, to “The Delta” of Tallahatchie County, Mississippi.

Thanks go here to cousin Sara Taylor, who provided us with the copy of that essay. She also provided, as did another cousin June Canerday, additional information on the William Riley and Sarah Pernice (Stidham) Brewer family. Sara Taylor`s mother was Marjorie Lou Emma Brewer and June Canerday`s mother was Ida Brewer. Marjorie and Ida were daughters of Riley and Sarah Pernice Brewer. Another big " thanks " go out to Louise Tardiff, her sister Mary Anne Sgriccia, Dennis Wilson and his wife Waynette. Louisa and Mary Anne are the GrGrGranddaughters of Riley and Sarah Frances Davis Brewer (Riley`s 1st wife)and GrGranddaughters of Thomas Alexander Brewer. Dennis is a GrGrandson of same. They have provided us with valuable information on Riley and his children. Elaine and i certainly appreciate these "cousins" and their input.

The following is part of that original essay that Wiley wrote for his English class. Also, we never knew what grade/score he received for his work. The story is very detailed and shows the admiration that he had for his “Pap” William Riley Brewer.

Riley and family would live in the “Delta” of Mississippi from 1900-1905. The confusing part to this time era is Riley` son Jesse Sylvester. We mentioned earlier that he had remained in Hackleburg (Marion County) during the move to the “Delta”. The US Land Records show Jesse Sylvester was issued a deed/land entry for 160 acres in Marion County, AL in 1901. We believe it is the same farm/acreage that Riley had owned prior to his moving in 1900. As for the area, it is located in the same proximity. However, it is possible, but we do not think so, that Jesse Sylvester and his family moved with Riley in 1900. Based on the essay that Wiley O had written, as Jesse Sylvester` name was not mentioned, in addition to the fact of the land document of 1901, we believe that Jesse Sylvester did not move with his father Riley in 1900. Jesse Sylvester did, however, move out to the “Delta” sometime between 1902-1905. We know that when Riley decided to move from the “Delta” to Waterloo (Lauderdale County), Alabama in 1905, Jesse Sylvester said “ I ain`t moving no more “. Jesse Sylvester would remain with his family in the Cascilla/Paynes (Tallahatchie County), MS area until his death in Nov 1920. Jesse Sylvester died from an injury he received to his stomach (internal bleeding). Family members dispute the cause. One says he was struck with a baseball bat playing baseball. Another says he was struck by a blow from an angry man that he had testified against in a court of law case. He and his family lived on the 125 acre farm that Riley had vacated. He and his wife, and most of their children, are buried at Poplar Springs Cemetery(Cascilla)on the hill top overlooking Paynes and the "Delta" of Mississippi.

William Riley and family, minus Jesse Sylvester, returned to Alabama (Waterloo). Sons John William, Thomas (Tom) Alexander, and Julius Morgan would move back to Hackleburg, Marion, Alabama. Julius Morgan would later move up to Cypress Inn (Wayne County), TN. John and Tom would remain in Hackleburg until their deaths. Thomas (Tom) is buried in Cedar Tree Cemetery and John is is buried in Lower Cemetery. Riley, Sarah Pernice, and some of the remaining family members now resided in Waterloo, Lauderdale, Alabama.

Around 1906-07 Riley purchased some form of a “mill” in Cypress Inn, Wayne, Tennessee. We believe it was probably an iron ore related type mill. We base this on other mills that were established in Wayne County and the surrounding area at that time. It may have been either a lumber/sawmill or cotton gin also. In the next few years daughters Etta, Ada, and Ida, would marry. Oscar (Pa), Lennie Evelyn, and Marjorie were in school. Julius Morgan *probably worked at this mill owned by Riley. We don`t have documented data to back that up, but he was living in Cypress Inn, Wayne, Tennessee, in 1920 and died there in 1922. He is also buried there in Jackson Cemetery there. We *think he quit the mill around 1915 and just farmed the surrounding land. We base this on his occupation listed on the 1920 census.

We mentioned previously that Riley` daughter Sarah Jane had been killed. Sarah Jane had married a Jesse Lott in Marion County, Alabama, in 1899. They would have 3 boys together. Sometime around 1905, Sarah Jane was shot and killed when she opened the front door of their home after someone had knocked on the door. The person who shot her would later say that he was looking for Sarah Jane` husband Jesse Lott. He had expected Jesse to open the door. After her death, Riley and Sarah Pernice raised the 3 Lott boys.

Tragedy would continue to haunt William Riley` children. In the fall of 1910, son Henry died from a sawmill accident. He and brother Wiley O had gone down to Bounds Crossroads, Itawamba, Mississippi in the spring of 1910 to work at a sawmill. They were boarding there while they worked at the sawmill. After the accident, Henry was brought back to Waterloo, AL. He would die from the injuries that he had received. He is buried at Richardson Cemetery in Waterloo, Alabama. Needless to say, Riley and Sarah Pernice were devastated. All family members were.

William Riley would live another 3 years after that. Wiley O, Lennie Evelyn, Oscar (Pa), and Marjorie all would marry in the coming years. Wiley O returned to Hackleburg and lived there until his death. He is also buried there at Cedar Tree Cemetery.

Riley died 10 Feb 1913. He died in Hackleburg, Marion, Alabama, and is buried at Lower Cemetery next to his 1st wife Sarah Frances (Davis). Sarah Pernice would live on until 6 Feb 1938. Sarah had helped raise 17 children during her lifetime. She was a good mother to all her children and step children. She is buried at Lindsey Cemetery, next to her mother and father, in Hackleburg, Marion, Alabama.

Click Here to view photos of William Riley Brewer, his 2nd wife Sarah Pernice(Stidham) Brewer, and 6 of his 8 children with Sarah Pernice.

This website is currently being updated with additional info daily !


This page belongs to Richard Rusty & Elaine Brewer.