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bullet Mary Isabelle EMERT (5)(37) (4)(2) was born on Jun 18 1869 in Sevierville, Sevier, TN. She died on Nov 2 1947 in Idaho Falls, Bonneville, ID. She was buried on Nov 5 1947 in Pineview Cemetery, Ashton, Fremont, ID. She has Ancestral File number 248Q-VN. Parents: Frederick Hison EMERT and Sarah Catherine DUGGAN.

She was married to Nippoleon Boneparte RENEAU on Jun 18 1889 in Sevierville, Sevier, Tennessee. 

Children were: Lillian Ethel RENEAU, James Earnest Frederick RENEAU, Delia Eliza Rebecca RENEAU , Thomas Newton Napoleon Boneparte RENEAU, Sarah Ola RENEAU, Rachel Regina RENEAU , Bertha Ann Celeste Pearl RENEAU, Cassa Viola RENEAU.

 


bullet Mary Jane EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Oct 29 1852 in , Sevier, Tennessee. She died on Aug 1 1932. She has Ancestral File number MC7X-JQ. Parents: Phillip R. EMERT and Louisa (Eliza Jane) MAPLES .

 


bullet Mary Jane EMERT(2)

She was married to Gilbert R. (Squirrely Gib) EMERT on May 20 1910.

 


bullet Mary S EMERT(2) was born on Dec 17 1858 in Seveir Co., Tennessee. She died apt 1 1859 in Seveir Co., Tennessee. Parents: Daniel H. EMERT and Mary Elizabeth MAPLES.

 


bullet Phillip EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Oct 17 1786 in , , Virginia. He died on Jul 23 1821. He was buried in Middle Creek Cem, Sevier, Tennessee. He has Ancestral File number MC7T-QC. Parents: Frederick EMERT and Barbara KNIGHT.

He was married to Elizabeth REAGAN on Jun 6 1809 in , Sevier, Tennessee.

 


bullet Phillip EMERT(2) was born in 1836 in Seveir Co., Tennessee. Parents: Daniel H. EMERT and Mary Elizabeth MAPLES.

 


bullet Phillip Arthur EMERT(5) (269)(4) (2) was born on Nov 4 1883 in Sevierville, Sevier, TN. He died on Jan 15 1884. He has Ancestral File number 248R-TM. Parents: Frederick Hison EMERT and Sarah Catherine DUGGAN .

 


bullet Phillip Arthur EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Feb 9 1861 in , Sevier, Tennessee. He died on Jan 6 1931. He was buried in Tuckaleechee, Townsend, Blount, Tennessee. He has Ancestral File number MC7X-M8. Parents: Phillip R. EMERT and Louisa (Eliza Jane) MAPLES.

He was married to Rhoda Ellen LAW on Apr 21 1891 in Sevier, Tennessee.

 


bullet Phillip R. EMERT(5) (7)(7) (269)(34) (4)(2) was born on Dec 16 1814 in Emerts Cove, Sevier, Tennessee. He died on Jan 7 1890 in Tuckaleechee, Blount, Tennessee. He was buried in Campground Cem., Townsend, Blount, Tennessee. He has Ancestral File number MC7X-BP. 

Parents: Frederick E. EMERT and Celia Drusilla REAGAN .

He was married to Louisa (Eliza Jane) MAPLES in Mar 1841 in Sevier, Tennessee. Children were: Martha C. EMERT, Frederick Hison EMERT, Lydia Mattie EMERT, Thomas C. EMERT, Mary Jane EMERT, Gideon M EMERT, Eliza EMERT, Phillip Arthur EMERT, Gilbert R. (Squirrely Gib) EMERT.

Phillip R. Emert moved with his family to Blount County, Tennessee about 1826. Here he lived until his marriage when he returned to Sevier County, Tennessee.

Phillip R. and his wife Louisa Maples were listed in the 1850 thru 1880 Federal Census of Sevier County, Tennessee.

Source: 'Smoky Mountain Clans', Donald B. Reagan, 1978, p 68. 'The Book of Ragan/Reagan', Donald B. Reagan, 1993, p 282, 284.

 


bullet Polly EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Oct 21 1778 in <, Bucks, Pennsylvania>. She died after 1843. She has Ancestral File number MC7S-W3. Parents: Frederick EMERT and Barbara KNIGHT.

 

 


bulletRhoda A. EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Feb 14 1825 in Emerts Cove, Sevier, Tennessee. She died on Jul 3 1905. She has Ancestral File number MC80-LB. Parents: Frederick E. EMERT and Celia Drusilla REAGAN .

She was married to John Rufus LAW on Sep 27 1846 in , Sevier, Tennessee.

 


bullet Sarah Catherine EMERT(5) (269)(4) (2) was born on Oct 22 1873 in Sevierville, Sevier, TN. She died on Mar 7 1916. She has Ancestral File number 248R-PX. Parents: Frederick Hison EMERT and Sarah Catherine DUGGAN .

She was married to Phillip ATCHLEY in 1893.

 


bulletSusan Florence EMERT(5) (269)(4) (2) was born on Oct 19 1872 in Sevierville, Sevier, TN. She died between Nov 18 1874 and 78. She has Ancestral File number 248R-NR. Parents: Frederick Hison EMERT and Sarah Catherine DUGGAN .

 


bullet Thomas C. EMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Jan 2 1850 in <, Sevier, Tennessee>. He died on Mar 5 1869. He has Ancestral File number MC7X-KW. Parents: Phillip R. EMERT and Louisa (Eliza Jane) MAPLES .

 


bullet Thomas David Crocket EMERT(5) (269)(4) (2) was born on Apr 25 1868 in Sevierville, Sevier, TN. He died in Feb 1924. He has Ancestral File number 248R-LF. Parents: Frederick Hison EMERT and Sarah Catherine DUGGAN .

He was married to Melvina Ellen SHARP in 1886.

 


bullet Thomas G EMERT(2) was born on Jan 16 1844 in Seveir Co., Tennessee. He died on Jul 2 1858. Parents: Daniel H. EMERT and Mary Elizabeth MAPLES.

 


bullet John Leonard EMMERT(7) (34)(4) (2) was born on Aug 21 1752 in , Berks, PA. He died on Sep 9 1804 in , Washington, MD. He has Ancestral File number 1J22-V8Q. Parents: Johan Phillip EMERT and Eva Marie GRAFF.

He was married to Marie Catharine GUNCKLE on Apr 1 1771 in , Lancaster, PA.

 


bullet John Michael EMMERT(7) (2)(34) (4) was born in 1693 in <Leipzig, Germany>. He has Ancestral File number 1J22-V9X. 

Children were: Johan Phillip EMERT.

The name Emmert/Emert is of German origin. This family came from Germany, but the specific locality has not been found.

Philip Emert went to Rotterdam, Holland from his homeplace in Germany and boarded the ship 'Alexander and Ann' for the trip to America by the way of Cowes, England. On 5 September 1730, he arrived in the town of Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

Philip Emmert and his wife settled in the Uppler Hanover Township, Philadelphia County (now Montgomery County), Pennsylvania. He was listed as the sixth person on the 'List of Heads of Families Belonging to the Congregation of New Goshenhoppen Reformed Church' and was 'eleted to the duties of office' at the same church on 1 January 1738.

The Parliament of Great Britain passed an act to allow foreign protestants in the British Colonies in America to become naturalized citizens during the reign of King George II. On 16 August 1741 Philip Emmert took the oath of allegiance to Great Britain and the province of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania.

In late August of 1741, he and his brother-in-law George Pfaltgraff made an overseas trip to visit Germany for their father-in-law Caspar Kamm for an unknown reason. They came home on the ship 'St. Mark' on 26 September 1741 from Rotterdam, Holland by the way of Cowes, England.

Source: 'The Book of Regan/Reagan,' Donald B. Reagan, 1993, p 413.


bulletAnn EMPSON(7) (28)(4) (2) was born about 1450 in Of, Towcester, Northamptonshire, England. She has Ancestral File number 92HZ-XS. Parents: Peter EMPSON and Elizabeth JOSEPH.

She was married to John SPENCER. Children were: Jane SPENCER.

 


bullet Elizabeth EMPSON(7) (28)(4) (2) was born about 1448 in Of, Towcester, Northamptonshire, England. She has Ancestral File number 92HZ-T9. Parents: Peter EMPSON and Elizabeth JOSEPH.

She was married to William SPENCER about 1469 in Of, Towcester, Northamptonshire, England.

 


bullet Peter EMPSON(7) (28)(4) (2) was born about 1414 in Of, Towcester, Northamptonshire, England. He has Ancestral File number 8KLF-PP.

He was married to Elizabeth JOSEPH in , , England. Children were: Richard EMPSON [Sir Knight], Elizabeth EMPSON , Ann EMPSON.

 


bullet Richard EMPSON [Sir Knight](7) (28)(4) (2) was born in 1434 in Easton, Northampton, England. He died on Aug 17 1510 in Town Hill, , England. He has Ancestral File number GQXK-VP. Parents: Peter EMPSON and Elizabeth JOSEPH.

He was married to Jane in Of, Writtle, Essex, England.

 


bullet Daniel EMRICH

He was married to Francis MIKESELL on Jul 21 1833.

 


bullet Charles ENDICOTT

He was married to Fanny PORTER.

 


bullet Anne Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Nov 2 1475 in , Westminster, Middlesex, England. She died after Nov 22 1511 in , Framlingham, Suffolk, England. She was buried in , Framlingham, Suffolk, England. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-PS. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to Thomas HOWARD [DUKE OF NORFOLK] on Feb 4 1494/95 in , Greenwich, Kent, England.

 


bullet Arthur Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES](7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Sep 20 1486 in Winchester Castle, Winchester, Hampshire, England. He was christened on Sep 24 1486 in Winchester Cathedral, Winchester, Hampshire, England. He died on Apr 2 1502 in Ludlow Castle, , Shropshire, England. He was buried on Apr 27 1502 in Worcester Cathedral, Worcester, Worcestershire, England. He has Ancestral File number 9F9M-CM. Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Catalina (Catherine) Princess Of ARAGON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on Nov 14 1501 in St. Paul's Cathedral, London, Middlesex, England.

 


bullet Bridget Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Nov 10 1480 in , Eltham, Kent, England. She died in 1517. She was christened in , Eltham, Kent, England. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-SB. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

 


bullet Catherine Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Feb 2 1502/3 in Palace of the Tower, London, Middlesex, England. She has Ancestral File number 9FDM-S6. Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND.

 


bullet Cathrine Princess Of ENGLAND [COUNTESS OF DEVON](7) (28) (4)(2) was born about Aug 14 1479 in , Eltham, Kent, England. She died on Nov 15 1527 in Castle, Tiverton, Devonshire, England. She was buried on Dec 3 1527 in , Tiverton, Devonshire, England. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-R5. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to William COURTENAY [EARL OF DEVON] in Oct 1495 in Of, , , England.

 


bullet Cecily Princess Of ENGLAND [VISCOUNTESS WELLES](7) (28) (4)(2) was born on Mar 20 1468/69 in Of, Westminster, Middlesex, England. She died on Aug 24 1507 in Abbey, Quarr, Isle Of Wight, England. She was buried in Abbey, Quarr, Isle Of Wight, England. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-K4. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to John WELLES [VISCOUNT WELLES] before Dec 1487.

She was married to Thomas KYME before Jan 1503.

 


bullet Edmund Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF SOMERSET](7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Feb 21 1498/99 in Palace, Greenwich, Kent, England. He was christened on Feb 24 1498/99 in Grey Friars, Greenwich, Kent, England. He died about Jan 1499/1500 in Infant. He has Ancestral File number 9FDM-R1. Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND .

 


bullet King Edward I ENGLAND **(270) (271)(272) (273)(274) (275)(276) (277)(4) (2) was born on Jun 17 1237 in Westminster (aka Longshanks) - son of Henry III.(278) (279)(280) He Ruled England between 1272 and 1307.(281) (282) He Ruled England between 1272 and 1307. (283)(284) He died on Jul 7 1307 in Burgh-on Sands, Near Carlisle, England (age 70).  He was buried on Jul 8 1307 in Westminster Abbey. He was christened in France (house of Anjou/Plantagenet). Parents: King HENRY III of ENGLAND * and Eleanor of PROVENCE Queen of England*.

He was married to Eleanor of CASTILE Queen of England on Oct 1 1254 in Church of St. Genevieve at Paris (cousins). He was married to Eleanor of CASTILE Queen of England on Oct 1 1254 in Church of St. Genevieve at Paris (cousins). Children were: Edward II ENGLAND King, Joan (Joanna) of PLANTAGENET.

He was married to Marguerite of FRANCE Queen of England on Sep 8 1299. Children were: Edmund Earl of WOODSTOCK Earl of Kent.

 


bullet Edward II ENGLAND King(4) (2) was born on Apr 25 1284 in Carnarvon, Wales, ENGLAND - son of King Edward I.(285) (286)(287) He was christened in 1301 in Wales - 1st Prince of Wales. He Betrothed to Isabel of France in 1303 in Guienne.(288) (289) He Betrothed to Isabel of France in 1303 in Guienne. (290)(291) He Ruled England between 1307 and 1327.(292) (293) He Ruled England between 1307 and 1327. (294)(295) He died on Sep 21 1327 in Berkeley Castle, Gloucester (Murdered). He was buried on Sep 21 1327 in Gloucester Cathedral. He has reference number 117. He Plantagenet. Parents: King Edward I ENGLAND ** and Eleanor of CASTILE Queen of England.

He was married to Isabella of FRANCE Queen of England on Sep 25 1308 in Church of St. Genevieve at Paris (cousins). Children were: Edward III ENGLAND .

 


bullet Edward III ENGLAND(4) (2) was born on Nov 13 1312 in Windsor Castle, Berkshire - son of Edward II.(296) (297)(298) He Ruled England between 1327 and 1377.(299) (300)(301) He Ruled England between 1327 and 1377.(302) (303)(304) He died on Jun 21 1377 in Richmond, Yorkshire (age 64). He was buried on Jun 21 1377 in Westminster Abbey. He was christened in England aka Edward of Windsor (House of Anjou-Plantagenet). He has reference number 649. He Plantagenet. Parents: Edward II ENGLAND King and Isabella of FRANCE Queen of England.

He was married to Philippa of HAINAUT Queen of England on Jan 24 1328 in York, ENGLAND (2nd cousins). Children were: JOHN of GAUNT Duke of Lancaster, Lionel of ANTWERP Duke of Clarence, Edmund of LANGLEY Duke of York.

 


bullet Edward IV King Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born in 1442 in England (house of York) son of Richard III. He was born on Apr 28 1442 in , Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. He Ruled England between 1461 and 1483.(305) He Ruled England between 1461 and 1483.(306) He died in 1483 in England (age 40) - reign from 1461. He died on Apr 9 1483 in Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England. He was buried on Apr 9 1483 in St.George's Chapel, Windsor. He was buried on Apr 18 1483 in St Georges Chapel, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was christened in Cathedrale, Rouen, Seine-Maritime, France. He was christened in England (aka Earl of March, heir to Mortimer Estates). He has Ancestral File number 8TJ1-KP. Parents: Richard PLANTAGENET [DUKE OF YORK] and Cecily NEVILLE [DUCHESS OF YORK]. Parents: Richard III Plantagenet Duke of YORK and Cecily NEVILLE Duchess of York .

He was married to Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on May 1 1464 in , Grafton Regis, Northamptonshire, England. Children were: Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND, Mary Princess Of ENGLAND, Cecily Princess Of ENGLAND [VISCOUNTESS WELLES], Edward V King Of ENGLAND , Margaret Princess Of ENGLAND, Richard Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF YORK], Anne Princess Of ENGLAND, George Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF BEDFORD] , Cathrine Princess Of ENGLAND [COUNTESS OF DEVON] , Bridget Princess Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Elizabeth LUCY about 1486 in , , England.

He was married to Mrs-Edward IV ENGLAND [CONCUBINE 1] in Not Married.

He was married to Elizabeth WAITE [CONCUBINE 2] in Not Married.

 


bullet Edward V King Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Nov 3 1470 in Sanctuary, Westminster, Middlesex, England. He died in Jul 1483 in UNMD, Tower Of London, Middlesex, England. He was christened in , Westminster, Middlesex, England. He was buried in Tower Of, London, Middlesex, England. He has Ancestral File number 9F9H-L9. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

 


bullet Princess Eleanor of ENGLAND Queen of Castile(4) (2) was born in 1161 in England (aka Princess Eleanor) dtr of Henry II. She died in 1214 in Castile - wife of Alfonso VIII. She has reference number 600. Parents: King HENRY II of ENGLAND * and Eleanor of AQUITAINE Queen of England*.

She was married to King Alfonso VIII of CASTILE in 1169. Children were: Berengeria of CASTILE, Blanche (Blanca) of CASTILE Queen of France , Urraca of CASTILE.

 


bullet Princess Eleanor of ENGLAND(4) (2) was born in 1203 in ENGLAND (Princess Eleanor). She died in 1275 in England? or Scotland - widow of Simon Montfort Earl of Leicester. She was christened in England - dtr of John Lackland. She was buried in England? -. She has reference number 1433. Parents: King JOHN Lackland of ENGLAND * and Isabella of ANGOULEME *Queen of England.

She was married to WILLIAM II MARSHALL about 1217 in England. Children were: Isabel MARSHALL.

 


bullet Elizabeth Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Jul 2 1492 in Palace, Richmond, Surrey, England. She died on Sep 14 1494. She has Ancestral File number 9FDM-PN. Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND.

 


bullet Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Feb 11 1465 in Palace, Westminster, Middlesex, England. She died on Feb 11 1502/3 in Tower Of London, Middlesex, England. She was buried on Feb 24 1502/3 in Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. She was christened in Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-HR. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

She was married to Henry VII King Of ENGLAND on Jan 18 1456/57 in , Westminster, Middlesex, England. Children were: Arthur Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES], Margaret Queen Of Of SCOTLAND [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND, Elizabeth Princess Of ENGLAND, Son Prince Of ENGLAND , Mary Queen Of FRANCE [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Edmund Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF SOMERSET], Catherine Princess Of ENGLAND.

 


bullet George Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF BEDFORD](7) (28)(4) (2) was born in Mar 1476/77 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He died about 1481. He has Ancestral File number 9F9H-Q0. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

 


bullet King HENRY II of ENGLAND *(307) (308)(309) (310)(311) (312)(313) (314)(315) (316)(317) (318)(4) (2) was born on Mar 5 1132 in LeMans, France - aka Henry FitzEmpress (Longsword). He was christened in 1150 in France (Duke of Normandy) (aka Henry of Anjou). He House of (1st) House of Anjou/Plantagenet in 1154 in England. (319)(320) He House of (1st) House of Anjou/Plantagenet in 1154 in England. (321)(322) He Ruled England between 1154 and 1189 in England. (323)(324) (325)(326) He Ruled England between 1154 and 1189 in England.(327) (328)(329) (330) He Coronation King of England in Dec 1154 in Winchester Cathedral.(331) (332) He Coronation King of England in Dec 1154 in Winchester Cathedral.(333) (334) He died on Jul 6 1189 in Chinon, France (age 57). He was buried on Jul 6 1189 in Abbey of Fontevrault, Maine-et-Loire, France. He has reference number 121. He was also known as Henry Curt Mantle. (335)(336) He was also known as Henry Curt Mantle. (337)(338) He Plantagenet.

He was married to Eleanor of AQUITAINE Queen of England* on May 18 1152 in Bordeau, France.(339) (340) He was married to Eleanor of AQUITAINE Queen of England* on May 18 1152 in Bordeau, France. (341)(342) Children were: Princess Eleanor of ENGLAND Queen of Castile, King JOHN Lackland of ENGLAND * .

He was married about 1176 in (not married..had natural son). Children were: WILLIAM I de LONGESPEE *.

 


bullet King HENRY III of ENGLAND *(343) (344)(345) (346) (4)(2) was christened in 1207 in Bermondsey, England - son of Henry II. He was born on Oct 1 1207 in Winchester, ENGLAND.(347) (348)(349) He Regent of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke between 1216 and 1219. (350)(351) He Regent of William Marshal, Earl of Pembroke between 1216 and 1219. (352)(353) He Ruled England between 1216 and 1272.(354) (355) He Ruled England between 1216 and 1272. (356)(357) He died on Nov 16 1272 in Westminster, England (56 yr reign). (358)(359) (360) He was buried on Nov 16 1272 in Westminster Abbey. He has reference number 387. He Plantagenet. Parents: King JOHN Lackland of ENGLAND * and Isabella of ANGOULEME *Queen of England.

He was married to Eleanor of PROVENCE Queen of England* on Jan 14 1236 in Canterbury, England. Children were: King Edward I ENGLAND **, Edmund de PLANTAGENET 1st Earl of Lancaster.

 


bullet Henry VII King Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Jan 28 1457 in Castle, Pembroke, Pembrokeshire, Wales. He died on Apr 21 1509 in Shene Near, Richmond, Surrey, England. He was buried in Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England. He has Ancestral File number 9F9D-85. 

Parents: Edmund TUDOR [Earl of Richmond] and Margaret BEAUFORT [DUCHESS OF SUFFOLK].

He was married to Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND on Jan 18 1456/57 in , Westminster, Middlesex, England. Children were: Arthur Prince Of ENGLAND [PRINCE OF WALES], Margaret Queen Of Of SCOTLAND [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND, Elizabeth Princess Of ENGLAND , Son Prince Of ENGLAND, Mary Queen Of FRANCE [PRINCESS OF ENGLAND], Edmund Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF SOMERSET], Catherine Princess Of ENGLAND.

BORN: 28 JANUARY 1457
SUCCEEDED: 22 AUGUST 1485
DIED: 21 APRIL 1509

A DESCRIPTION OF HENRY VII

His body was slender but well built and strong; his height above the average. His appearance was remarkably attractive and his face was cheerful, especially when speaking; his eyes were small and blue, his teeth few, poor and blackish; his hair was thin and white; his complexion sallow. His spirit was distinguished, wise and prudent; his mind was brave and resolute and never, even at moments of the greatest danger, deserted him. He had a most pertinacious memory. Withal he was not devoid of scholarship. In government he was shrewd and prudent, so that no one dared to get the better of him through deceit or guile. He was gracious and kind and was as attentive to his visitors as he was easy of access. His hospitality was splendidly generous; he was fond of having foreigners at his court and he freely conferred favours of them. But those of his subjects who were indebted to him and who did not pay him due honour or who were generous only with promises, he treated with harsh severity. He well knew how to maintain his royal majesty and all which appertains to kingship at every time and in every place. He was most fortunate in war, although he was constitutionally more inclined to peace than to war. He cherished justice above all things; as a result he vigorously punished violence, manslaughter and every other kind of wickedness whatsoever. Consequently he was greatly regretted on that account by all his subjects, who had been able to conduct their lives peaceably, far removed from the assaults and evil doing of scoundrels. He was the most ardent supporter of our faith, and daily participated with great piety in religious services. To those whom he considered to be worthy priests, he often secretly gave alms so that they should pray for his salvation. He was particularly fond of those Franciscan friars whom they call Observants, for whom he founded many convents, so that with his help their rule should continually flourish in his kingdom, but all these virtues were obscured latterly only by avarice, from which...he suffered. This avarice is surely a bad enough vice in a private individual, whom it forever torments; in a monarch indeed it may be considered the worst vice, since it is harmful to everyone, and distorts those qualities of trustfulness, justice and integrity by which the state must be governed.

The road to the throne

The battle was over. On a stretch of high ground in the midland heart of the kingdom twenty thousand men had met in fierce, clumsy combat, and the day had ended in the decisive defeat of the stonger army. Its leader, the King, had been killed fighting heroically, and men had seen his naked corpse slung across his horse's back and borne away to an obscure grave. His captains were dead, captured, or in flight, his troops broken and demoralized. But in the victor's army all was rejoicing. In following the claimant to the throne his supporters had chosen the winning side, and when they saw the golden circlet which had fallen from the King's head placed upon their leader's, their lingering doubts fled before the conviction that God had blessed his cause, and they hailed him joyously as their sovereign.

The day was 22 August 1485; the battlefield was to be named after the small neighboring town of Market Bosworth; the fallen King was the third and ablest of English monarchs who bore the name Richard; and the man whom the battle made a king was to be the seventh and perhaps the greatest of those who bore the name Henry.

S.T. Bindoff Tudor England PROLOGUE: 1485

The very fact that Henry Tudor became King of England at all is somewhat of a miracle. His claim to the English throne was tenuous at best. His father was Edmund Tudor, a Welshman of Welsh royal lineage, but that was not too important as far as his claim to the English throne went. What was important though was his heritage through his mother, Margaret Beaufort, a descendant of Edward III. This descent from King Edward was through his third son, John of Guant. John's third wife, Catherine Swynford had born him several children as his mistress before he married her. The children born before the marriage were later legitmized, but barred from the succession. Margaret Beaufort was descended from one of the children born before the marriage of John and Catherine.

By 1485 the War of the Roses had been raging in England for many years between the Houses of York and Lancaster. The Lancastrian Henry later took for his bride Elizabeth of York thereby uniting the houses.

The real matter was decided on the battlefield, at the Battle of Bosworth Field. It was here that Henry and his forces met with Richard III and Henry won the crown. (see quotation above) It was truly through the defeat of Richard and the 'right of conquest' that Henry claimed the throne. It was solidified however, by his marriage to Elizabeth of York, the eldest child of the late King Edward IV.

The main problem facing Henry was restoring faith and strength in the monarchy. He also had to deal with other claimants, with some of them having a far stronger claim than his own. To deal with this, Henry strengthened the government and his own power, at the expense of the nobles. Henry also had to deal with a treasury that was nearly bankrupt. The English monarchy had never been one of the wealthiest of Europe and even more so after the War of the Roses. Through his monetary strategy, Henry managed to steadily accumulate wealth during his reign, so that by the time he died, he left a considerable fortune to his son, Henry VIII.

It could be debated whether or not Henry VII was a great king, but he was clearly a successful king. He had several goals that he had accomplished by the end of his reign. He had established a new dynasty after 30 years of struggle, he had strengthened the judicial system as well as the treasury and had successfully denied all the other claimants to his throne. The monarch that he left to his son was a fairly secure one and most definitely a wealthy one.

Henry had seven children by Elizabeth of York, four of whom survived infancy: Arthur, who died shortly after his marriage to Catherine of Aragon (a point of some importance during "The Divorce"), Henry, Margaret and Mary.

A description of Henry VII by Polydore Virgil


bullet Henry VIII King Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Jun 28 1491 in Palace, Greenwich, Kent, England. He died on Jan 28 1546/47 in Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex, England. He was buried on Feb 16 1546/47 in St. George, Windsor, Berkshire, England. He was christened in Observant Friars, Greenwich, Kent, England. He has Ancestral File number 9FDM-NH. Parents: Henry VII King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth Queen Of ENGLAND.

He was married to Catalina (Catherine) Princess Of ARAGON [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on Jun 11 1509 in Palace, Greenwich, Kent, England.

He was married to Anne BOLEYN [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] about Jan 25 1532/33 in Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

He was married to Jane SEYMOUR [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on May 30 1536.

He was married to Anna Princess Of KLEVE on Jan 6 1539/40 in Palace, Greenwich, Kent, England.

He was married to Catherine HOWARD on Aug 8 1540 in Declaration.

He was married to Catherine PARR [QUEEN OF ENGLAND] on Jul 12 1543 in , Hampton Court Palace, Middlesex, England.

 

 


bulletKing JOHN Lackland of ENGLAND *(4) (2) was born on Dec 24 1166 in England (aka King John Soft Sword) son of Henry II.(361) (362) (363) He Appointed Lord of Ireland between 1177 and 1185. (364)(365) (366) He Ruled England between 1199 and 1216. (367)(368) He Ruled England between 1199 and 1216.(369) (370) He died on Oct 19 1216 in Newark Castle (Poisoned). He was buried on Oct 19 1216 in Shrine of St. Wulfstan, Worcester, England. He was christened in France (Count of Mortain). He has reference number 119. He Plantagenet. Parents: King HENRY II of ENGLAND * and Eleanor of AQUITAINE Queen of England*.

He was married to Isabella of ANGOULEME *Queen of England on Aug 24 1200 in Bordeaux, France his 2nd wife. Children were: King HENRY III of ENGLAND *, Princess Eleanor of ENGLAND.

He was married in (had natural children-not married). Children were: Joan Lackland of WALES.

 


bullet Margaret Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Apr 10 1472 in Of, Westminster, Middlesex, England. She died on Dec 11 1472. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-MG. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

 


bullet Mary Princess Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born in Aug 1466 in Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire, England. She died on May 23 1482. She has Ancestral File number 9F9H-JX. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

 


bullet Richard III King Of ENGLAND(7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Oct 2 1452 in Fotheringhay Castle, , Northamptonshire, England. He died on Aug 22 1485 in Battle Of, Bosworth Field, Leicestershire, England. He was buried in Grey Friars, Leicester, Leicestershire, England. He has Ancestral File number 8TJ1-SW. Parents: Richard PLANTAGENET [DUKE OF YORK] and Cecily NEVILLE [DUCHESS OF YORK].

He was married to Anne NEVILLE on Jul 12 1472 in Westminster Abbey, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

He was married to Miss [CONCUBINE #1] in Not Married.

He was married to Miss [CONCUBINE #2] in Not Married.

 


bullet Richard Prince Of ENGLAND [DUKE OF YORK](7) (28)(4) (2) was born on Aug 17 1473 in , Shrewsbury, Shropshire, England. He died about Jul 1483 in Tower Of, London, Middlesex, England. He was buried in Tower Of, London, Middlesex, England. He has Ancestral File number 9F9H-NM. Parents: Edward IV King Of ENGLAND and Elizabeth WYDEVILLE [QUEEN OF ENGLAND].

He was married to Anne MOWBRAY [DUCHESS OF YORK] on Jan 15 1477/78 in Chapel, Westminster, Middlesex, England.

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