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War of 1812
Because at least three of my ancestorse fought in the "War
of 1812", I
wanted to include a section dealing with some of the important
things that happened during that period of time.
were probably more who served, but those that I know fought
are: Jesse Brimer - Hezakiah Reneau - Danial Duggan Jr.
Brimer died early in 1815 at Hiwassee army garrison while serving a 5 year
enlistment in U. S. Army. He was 50 years old.
and Britain at war.
captains impress more than ten thousand American sailors to serve
on British ships.
goods excluded from "fortress Europe" by Napoleon. The British
respond with a blockade, catching
American ships in the middle.
- Three Americans are killed and eighteen wounded when the USS
Chesapeake refuses to be boarded and is fired upon by the British
- Thomas Jefferson's attempt at "peaceful coercion",
the Embargo Act, leads to an economic disaster for American merchants.
4 - James Madison is inaugurated President.
Hawks Clay, Calhoun and others are elected to Congress.
4 - War Congress convenes. November
7 - Harrison's army is attacked by the Prophet, Tecumseh's brother,
at the Battle of Tippecanoe.
is re-elected. U.S.
attempts three invasions of Canada, all unsuccessful. British
Guerriere loses to USS Constitution. More British ships captured
or burned by privateers.
- U.S. burn Toronto and take control of the Great Lakes at the
Battle of York (Toronto).
18 - President Madison, pressured by War Hawks, asks Congress
for declaration of war. With all Federalists opposing it,
Congress declares "Mr. Madison's War."
- August - Baltimore riots.
1 - United States doubles customs duties.
17 - Mackinac captured by British.
15 - Massacre at Fort Dearborn.
16 - British capture Detroit. September
- British naval attack is repulsed by Captain Perry at the Battle
of Lake Erie.
- Northwestern Indians are weakened and Tecumseh is killed in
a U.S. victory at the Battle of Thames.
13 - Battle of Queenston's Heights. November
- South Carolina and Georgia blockaded by British.
23 - American forces withdraw from eastern Canada.
27 - American forces attack Fort Erie.
26 - Chesapeake and Delaware Bays blockaded by British.
22 - Battle of Frenchtown.
23 - Raisin River Massacre.
15 - American forces occupy portions of Western Florida.
27 - Battle of York.
26 - British blockade extended to additional southern and mid
7 - Battle of Fort George.
29 - Battle of Sacket's Harbor.
5 - Battle of Stoney Creek.
22 - Battle of Norfolk.
24 - Battle of Beaver Dams.
26 - British attack Hampton.
27 - Battle of Burnt Corn.
2 - Battle of Fort Stephenson.
30 - Battle of Fort Mims.
10 - Battle of Lake Erie.
5 - Battle of the Thames.
16-19 - Battle of Leipzig.
26 - Battle of Chateaugay.
3 - Battle of Tallushatchee.
4 - England offers direct peace negotiations to the United States.
9 - Battle of Talladega.
11 - Battle of Chrysler's Farm.
16 - British blockade extended to all southern and mid Atlantic
10 - American forces withdraw from Fort George and burn Newark.
17 - Embargo adopted by the United States.
18 - Fort Niagara captured by the British. British forces
destroy Lewiston and neighboring towns.
undertake a three-part invasion of the United States at Chesapeake
Bay, Lake Champlain and the mouth of the Mississippi River. British
troops are repulsed at Baltimore harbor after capturing Washington
and burning the Capitol buildings.
22 - Battle of Emuckfau.
24 - Battle of Enotachopco Creek.
- British-French war ends with British victory. Britain
can now concentrate on the war with the United States.
27-28 - The Creek Indians are defeated by Andrew Jackson at the
Battle of Horseshoe Bend
11 - Napoleon abdicates the throne of France.
14 - Embargo and Non Importation Law repealed by United States.
25 - British blockade extended to New England.
- Eastern Maine occupied by British forces.
3 - Americans capture Fort Erie.
5 - Battle of Chippewa.
25 - Battle of Lundy's Lane.
- American public credit collapses. Banks suspend specie
8 - Peace negotiations begin in Ghent with the British outlining
initial peace terms.
9 - The United States and Creek Indians sign the Treaty of Fort
14 - British forces occupy Pensacola.
15 - Battle of Fort Erie.
24 - Battle of Bladensburg.
24-25 - Washington, DC burned by British forces.
28 - Nantucket declares neutrality.
11 - Battle of Lake Champlain. American victory over a
larger British force at the Battle of Plattsburgh secures the
U.S. northern border.
12 - Battle of Mobile Bay. Battle of North Point.
13-14 - Battle of Baltimore. The Star Spangled Banner is
written by Francis Scott Key.
17 - American forces sortie from Fort Erie.
26 - General Armstrong captured by British.
21 - Peace on basis of uti possidetis.
5 - Fort Erie evacuated by American forces.
7 - American forces occupy Pensacola.
27 - The British drop the uti possidetis.
14 - Battle of Lake Borgne.
15 - January 5 - A group of federalists meet at the Hartford
Convention to discuss secession and propose seven amendments
to protect the influence of the northeastern states.
15-February 27 - Additional internal taxes enacted by the United
23-January 1 - Preliminary battles at New Orleans.
24 - British and American diplomats sign the Treaty of Ghent
agreeing on status quo ante bellum.
28 - Conscription proposal rejected in United States.
8 - Andrew Jackson defeats the British at the Battle of New Orleans.
Seven hundred British are killed and fourteen hundred wounded as
opposed to eight Americans killed and thirteen wounded, all after
the war was officially over.
- Second Enemy Trade Law enacted by the United States.
- Treaty of Ghent reached the United States.
- Treaty of Ghent is approved by the U.S. Senate and President
- War of 1812 ends as the United States and Britain exchange
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