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Descendants of Squaw-Sachem and Joan's Father

(1) Squaw-Sachem and Joan's Father1 married before 1590 (2) Squaw-Sachem and Joan's Mother.

Children:

	3 + Squaw-Sachem2 b.c   1590	d.   1667
	4 + Joan          b.c   1600

(3) Squaw-Sachem2, (Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1590, and married (5) Nanapashemet who was born about 1580. Squaw-Sachem died in 1667 and was buried at Medford, Middlesex, MA. Nanapashemet died in 1619.

The following information is taken from the website; members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

SQUAW-SACHEM

Born: unknown Died:1667

1st Husband: Nenepashemet, who was killed by the Terratines in 1619. 2nd Husband: Webbacowet, the tribal powwoh of the Musketaquid ( Concord ) Indians. Married him previous to 1635

Sons by Nanepashemet: Sagamores George of Naumkeak, the youngest son, James of Saugus, the middle son and John of Winnisimmet the eldest son.

Daughter by Nanepashmet: Yawata, who married John Awassamug and removed to Natick

One of the residences of Squaw Sachem is believed to have been near "Gardner's Row," now part of West Cambridge, Massachusetts.

After Nanapashemet's death only four tribes remained loyal to his old Massachusetts federation, Saugus, Naumkeag, Winnisimmet (Charlestown) and Musketaquid (Concord). Passaconaway, a sub-sachem under Nanapashemet became the great sachem of the Penacook federation. Chickataubut, sachem of Weymouth and Obatinua, sachem of Boston formed a new federation, also called Massachusetts. In 1621, Obatinua told the Pilgrims that although he lived in Masachusetts territory he was subject to the Wampanoaug. The Nipmucks appear to have had no great sachem after this time. Squaw Sachem conducted raids against other tribes which tried to encroach on her territory and former federation members. These raids ceased after 1625.

Plymouth colony settlers moving westward among Massachusetts people at Wessagusset established the first English settlement in the area in 1622. These and other early settlers established close relations with influential Massachusetts leaders like Squaw Sachem. Although her name has not yet been found in English records, the Squaw Sachem rose to prominence as the most important Massachusetts leader of her era. Succeeding to leadership after her husband, Nanepashemet, was killed by Northern Indians, she extended her authority through her sons. One of these, a man named Wonohaquaham but known to the English as Sagamore John, led a Massachusetts community on the Mystic River. Two others, Montowampate (called Sagamore James by the English ) and Wenepoykin (also known as Sagamore George ), were chiefs of Pawtucket communities at Saugus and Salem, respectively. From: Historic Contact, Grumet

The history of Charlestown places Squaw Sachem and the tribes over who her sons were sachems as part of the Pawtuckets.

Her son John became sachem of the Winnisimmet, James of the Saugus, and George of the Naumkeags. Nattawattahunt remained sachem of the Musketaquid, loyal to her.

The History of Charlestown says "But the peninsula is full of Indians ( one of their main places being at the mouth of the Charles river) who are attentive spectators of this infant colonization. With what wonder do they regard each note of preparation! They follow the engineer as he goes from point to point with his curious instruments, modeling the town; and then carry tidings of the strange things they see, to the Saunks of the late King Nanepashemit. She, in all her Queenly dignity, with the Powwow of the Tribe in her train, comes down from her residence in the woods, to verify for herself the wonderful reports. The Squa Sachem gazes curiously upon each household implement; while her son Wonohaquaham, notes each timber in the construction of the"Great House." As he watches these things his countenance is unmoved, and he utters only the customary "ugh." But as he beholds the white man's stated and simple sacrifice to the Great Sprit, another feeling is awakened; until at length, Indian stoicism relents into the confession, that an answering chord is touched in his own undiciplined breast. Ere he dies, his spirit longs for communion with the "Englishman's God."

She attended the may-pole celebration at Mare Mount (Quincy) in 1625 and after this time stopped her raids on other tribes.

August 5, 1637 - Indian deed to Concord signed by Wibbacowett; Squaw Sachem; Tahattawants; Nataquatick, alais Old Man; Carte, alais Goodman. The first settlers of Concord would barter with the Indians for venison and raccoons "whose flesh is not much inferiour unto lambe".

In 1637 Charlestown paid thirty-six shillings to Squaw Sachem and Web Cowit, for land now part of Sommerville, which they in Court acknowledged themselfs "to be satisfied for ". The original Indian deed to Concord was proably lost at an early date, in 1684 testimony was given as to the sale of this land by the Indians; The Deposition of Jehojakin, alais Mantatukwet, a Christian Indian of Natick, aged 70 years or thereabouts. "This Deponent testifieth and saith, that about 50 years since he lived within the bounds of that place which is now called Concord, at the foot of an hill, named Nahshawtuck (Lee's), now in the possession of Mr. Henery Woodis, and that he was present at a bargain made at the house of Mr. Peter Buckeley (now Capt. Thomas Wheeler's) between Mr. Simon Willard, Mr. John Jones, Mr. Spencer, And several others, in behalfe of the Englishmen who were settling upon the said town of Concord, and Squaw Sachem, Tahattawan, and Nimrod, Indians, which said Indians then sold a tract of land containing six miles square (the said house being accounted about the center ) to the said English for a place to settle a town in; and he the said deponent saw said Willard and Spencer pay a parcell of Wampumpeage, hatchets, hoes, knives, cotton cloth, and shirts, to the said Indians for the said tract of land. And in particular perfectly remembers that Wibbacowet, husband to Squaw Sachem received a suit of cotton cloth, an hat, a white linen band, shoes, stockings, and a great coat, upon said bargain. And in the conclusion, the said Indians declared themselfes satisfied, and told the Englishmen, they were welcome. There were present also at the said bargain, Waban, Merchant; Thomas his brother-in-law; Notawquatuchquaw; Tantumous, now called Jethro - Taken upon oath the 20th of October 1684. Taken before Daniel Gookin.

The Deposition of Jethro, a Christian Indian of Natick, aged 70 years or thereabouts supports the testimony of Jehojakin above.

She reserved the right to use her old fishing-places and hunting grounds, until her death

1639 - She deeded to Charlestown the tract of land now part of Sommerville and West Cambridge, along with Web Cowit for nineteen fathoms of wampum, twenty-one coats, and three bushells of corn.

"The 15th of the 2d mo.,1639. Wee Web-Cowet and Squaw Sachem do sell unto the Inhabitants of the Towne of Charlestowne, all the land within the line granted them by the court, (excepting the farmes and the ground, on the west of the two great Ponds called Misticke ponds, from the south side of Mr. Nowell's lott, neere the upper end of the Ponds, unto the little runnet that cometh from Capt. Cook's mills, which the Squaw reserveth to their use, for her life, for the Indians to to plant and hunt upon, and the weare above the pons, they also reserve for the Indians to fish at whiles the Squaw liveth, and after the death of Squaw Sachem, she doth leave all her lands from Mr. Mayhue's house to neere Salem to the present Governor, Mr. John Winthrop, Sen'r, Mr. Increase Nowell, Mr. John Wilson, Mr. Edward Gibbons to dispose of, and all Indians to depart, and sattisfactio from Charlestowne, wee acknowledge to have received in full sattisfaction, twenty and one coates, ninten fathom of wampom, three bushels of corne: In witness wherof we have here unto sett ou'r hands the day and yeare above named. The marke of Squaw Sachem the marke of Web Cowet

On September 4, 1640, she sold Mistick Ponds and a large tract of land now included in Sommerville, to Jotham Gibbons, of Boston.,at this time she called herself "Squaw Sachem of Mystick".

On March 8,1644, she submitted herself to the English and consented to have her subjects instructed in the Bible. She lost her sight and hearing in 1662, she had a stroke that completely paralyzed her in 1667, the year of her death. She was buried in Medford the exact location is unknown. In the History there is a deed dated March 29, 1662 that says "Mr. Francis Norton and Nicholas Davison, do in the name of the inhabitants of Charlestown, lay claim to the tract of land, reserved to Squaw Sachem during her life-time, and which is at present possessed and improved by Thomas Gleison of Charlestown, this land bounded on the east by Mistick Pond, on the west by Cambridge Common, on the south by the land of Mr. Cooke, on the north formerly in the possession of Mr.Increase Nowell".

SOURCE

NATIVE AMERICAN DIRECTORY: p.120, Grand Sachem of Massachusett Tribe; d.1619.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

NANAPASHEMET - or the New Moon Born: Unknown Died: 1619 (Lewis)

Wife:Known to history as only by the name Squaw - Sachem Children: Sons: 3 Wohohaquaham, Sagamore John, the eldest son Montowampate, Sagamore James, the middle son Wenepoykin, Sagamore George, the youngest son Daughter: 1 Yawata, the wife of John Awassamug ,Sr. ( Oonsumog, Lewis)

Was one of the greatest sachems (pronounced sawkum by the Indians, Lewis) in New England, ruling over a larger extant of country than any other. He swayed, at one time,all the tribes north and east of the Charles River, to the river Piscataqua. The Nipmucks acknowledged his dominion, as far as Pocontocook, now Deerfield, on the Connecticut; and after his death they had no great sachem. ( Smith, Gookin, Hubbard. See also Samuel G. Drake's interesting Book of the Indians, wherein he has accumulated a vast amount of facts respecting the sons of the forest. ) He resided in Lynn until the great war of the Tarratines, in 1615. He then retreated to a hill on the borders of the Mystic River, (in Medford) where he built a house and fortified himself in the best manner possible. He survived the desolating sickness of 1617; but the Tarratines persued him to his retreat and he was killed by them in 1619. Before the plauge he could raise three thousand men. He also governed the Pawtuckets, Passaconway being a sub chief under him.

Sometime in 1615, war broke out between the Penobscots and the Tarratines of northern Maine, a war brought on by a raid on a Tarratine village by the Penobscots in which a number of Tarratines were killed, and several women and children were taken as prisoners. The Tarratines retaliated by attacking the main village of the Penobscots where they killed the Bashebe (Great Sachem ), then continued on, attacking most of the villages from the Penobscot River to the Blue Hills of Maine, killing so many in these raids that the survivors were for some time unable to bury their dead. That same year, Nanepashemet sent a war party to aid the Penobscots, but although his men were victorious in their few skirmishes with the Tarratines and brought a few prisoners back to Massachusetts, he brough about his own death and the destruction of his federation by his participation in the war.

In September, 1621, a party of the Plymouth people, having made a visit to Obatinua, sachem of Boston, went up to Medford. Mr. Winslow says, "Having gone three miles, we came to a place where corn had been newly gathered, a house pulled down, and the people gone. A mile from hence, Nanapashmet, their king, in his lifetime had lived. His house was not like others; but a scaffold was largely built, with poles and planks, some six foot from the ground, and the house upon that, being situated upon the top of a hill. Not far from hence, in a bottom, we came to a fort, built by their deceased king - the manner thus: There were poles, some thirty or forty feet long, stuck in the ground, as thick as they could be set by one another, and with those they enclosed a ring some forty or fifty feet over. A trench, breast high, was digged on each side; one way there was to get into it with a bridge. In the midst of this palisade stood the frame of a house, wherein, being dead, he layed buried. About a mile from hence we came to such another, but seated upon the top of a hill. Here Nanapashemet was killed, none dwelling in it since the time of his death. The care with which the great Moon Chief took to fortify himself, shows the fear which he felt for his mortal enemy.With his death, the vengeance of the Taratines seems in some degree to have abated; His sons returning to the shore (Nanapashemet had sent his wife and children to a tribe belonging to his Federation that lived far into the interior), collected the scattered remnants of their tribes, over who they ruled as sagamores on the arrival of the English. The general government was continued by Nanapashemets'wife know as Squaw Sachem. She married Webbacowet, who was the great physician of her nation."

He is called a Pawtucket chief in Historic Contacts, Grumet, although the federation which he led was known as the Massachusetts.

His principle place of residence was in Medford near Mystic Pond.

One of his forts was on the hill above Colonial Road in Salem. The area is called Castle Hill. The remain of another of his forts could still be seen (1881) in Marblehead near the Forest River (Hist. of Essex County) and yet another in Marblehead on a low hill in a pasture (Lower Division Pasture) on the north-westerly side off Humphrey St., in the rear of the Maple Street schoolhouse. It was circular in shape, about fifty-two feet in diameter. This fort is mentioned in the deed of Thomas Oliver to John Bradstreet, dated July 5, 1658. (Hist. of Salem, Felt )

The Bessom Pasture near Salem Harbor ( in Marblehead ) was probably the site of an Indian village. Excavations at the Harris Farm and the fields on Atlantic Avenue were probably wigwams. Their largest shell heap was between the hills to the west of Throgmorton Cove off Salem Harbor in Marblehead near the "Pine" grove, on the line of the railroad to Salem; by actual count this heap contained 30 cords of shells, placed in layers of stones and ashes. This shell heap was removed about 1850 to be used as fertilizer. There were other small shell heaps on Salem Neck and near the "Mill Pond" on the South River. There were also a few shell heaps in Beverly.

Children:

	6 + Wohohaquaham, Sagamore John3 b.c 1607 d. 5 Dec 1633
	7 + Montowampate, Sagamore James b. 1609 d. Dec 1633
	8 + Yawatta b.c 1614 d.a 1686
	9 + Wenepoykin, Sagamore George b. 1616 d. Sep 1684

She also married before 1635, (10) Webbacowet.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(6) Wohohaquaham, Sagamore John3, (Squaw-Sachem2, Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1607. Wohohaquaham, Sagamore John died on 5 Dec 1633 and was buried at Chelsea, Suffolk, MA.

Taken from the website: members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

SAGAMORE JOHN - Wonohaquaham Sachem of Mishawum ( Charlestown )

Died: December 5, 1633 of smallpox (Winthrop's Journal) Wife: name unknown Son (2): name's unknown,one died around 1650 another son perhaps died in 1633 while a child.

John was the oldest son of Nanapashemet and Squaw Sachem of Massachusetts.

His brothers were Sagamore George of Naumkeag the youngest and Sagamore James of Saugus and he had a sister Yawata called Abigail by the English.

His residence was at Mystic "upon a creek which meets with the mouth of the Charles River " (Hutchinson) Drake says however he lived at Rumney Marsh (Chelsea). Rev.John Higginson's deposition supports Hutchinson. He lived, proably, at both places.

John was wounded along with his brother James at Ipswich on August 8 1631, during a battle with the Tarratines. In 1632, Canonicus the Narragansett Sachem sent a messenger to both John and Chikataubut demanding their help in a war with the Wampanoag. John went to Rhode Island along with 30 of his men. The English at Plymouth had intervened before they reached the Narragansetts and the war was over. However, the Narragansetts were also at war with the Pequots at the time and decided to send the two Massachusetts groups along with some of their own men against them. The Pequot proved too strong for this force and both John and Chikataubut returned home. This incident shows that both sachems were in some way subject to the Narragansetts.

Sagamore John was well thought of by the English. He subjected himself to English law at an early date. Joseph Dudley Lt.Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony wrote in a letter to the Countess of Lincoln on March 12, 1631, "John is a handsome young sachem conversant with us, affecting English apparell and howses and speaking well of our God. The Charlestown records say he was of "good and gentle disposition". Johnson says, Sagamore John "being always very courteous to them". New England First Fruits says; "John desired to learne and speake our language, and loved to imitate us in our behaviour and apparrell, and began to harken after our God."

In 1627, he gave the English permission to settle at Charlestown. In the summer of 1628 the settlers left Salem and travelled the woods above twelve miles to the westward, and lighted of a place situated and lying on the north side of Charles river, full of Indians. Their old sachem being dead, his eldest son, by the English called John Sagamore, was their chief. They settled about the hill of the same place, by the said natives called Mishawum; where they found one English palisadoed and thatched house, wherein lived Thomas Walford.

Mishawum meant "a large spring" and Shawmut meant, "fountains of living waters". The results seem almost conclusive, that when the spring at Mishawum "a great spring", was overflowed by the tide, the aborigines were probably in the daily habit of crossing over in their canoes to the opposite peninsula to procure fresh water, where springs were excellent and abundant. Hence the name Shawmut, "fountains of living water."

1629 - In April and May the Narragansetts planned to cut off the English. Sagamore John who "always loved the English" revealed the plot to the settlers of Charlestown. But their plot was chiefly against Plymouth (Charlestown Records ).

On April 4, 1631, Gov. Bradford of Plymouth received a visit from Wahginnacut, a Poduck sachem whose tribe lived along the Connecticut River. He urged Bradford to settle a colony on his land. His motive was for the English to act as protection against the Pequots. He had just returned from a visit with Gov. Winthrop in Boston to whom he made the same offer. With him he had brough Sagamore John and Jackstraw, a Virginia Indian to act as Interpreters. He promised the Massachusetts colony 80 prime beaver skins and food until their first harvest if they accepted his offer. The Indian interpeter "Jackstraw" may possibly have been either Wanchese or Manteo, both of whom were taken to England from Virginia. One of these natives was said to have been a servant for Sir Walter Raleigh in England, and then to have "turned Indian" again.

In March of 1631 he appeared, with one of his subjects at the court then seated at Watertown to complain of two wigwams being burned by settlers. Upon investigation it was learned that a servant of Sir Richard Saltonstall had been using these wigwams for drinking occassions with his friends, as he noticed that the Indians seldom used them. During one of these drinking bouts they made a large fire in one of the wigwams which got out of control and caught the wigwam on fire, it being a windy day the sparks from the first wigwam ignited the second. Saltonstall was ordered to pay John seven yards of cloth for the wigwams to satisfy both him and his subject. The servant was to repay his master for the cloth 50 shillings.

May 1631 - Sagamore John and Chickatalbot "Promised unto the Court (General Court) to make satisfaction for whatsoever wronge that any of their men shall doe any of the Englishe, to their Cattell or any other Waires." A month later they were required to make recompense for some Injuries" done by their men to the settlers' cattle, and Chickatalbot was fined a beaver skin for shooting one of Richard Saltonstall's swine.

On May 26,1631, Sagamores James and John, accompined by some of their men, complained to Governor Winthrop that they had been defrauded of 20 Beaver skins, by a man in England, named Watt. The governor entertained them kindly and gave them the name of a lawyer in London, Emanual Downing, Esq. Winthrop's brother-in-law.

(Winthrop's Journal ) Tradition says that John went to London where he was treated with much respect as an Indian King. But he disliked the English food and returned home.

July 13, 1631 - Canonicus' Son, (this was probably Miantonomo, Canonicus'nephew ) the Great Sachem of the Narragansett came to the governor's house with John Sagamore. After they had dined he gave the governor a skin, and the governor requited him a fair pewter pot, which he took very thankfully, and stayed the night. ( John Winthrop's Journal Entry )

In 1632, when John had returned from Narragansett country he found that a large amount of his corn had been destroyed by Saltonstall's cattle. John again appeared before the court seeking restitution for the destroyed corn. The court ruled against John saying that it was his responsibility to fence in his crops and he should do so in the future or face a fine from the court. Although he did not agree with the courts ruling and felt if any fences were to be built Saltonstall should build them since they were his cattle, he accepted it. Later Saltonstall was ordered to give John a hogshead of his corn to replace that which his cattle had destroyed.

The history of Charlestown says that it was the settlers policy to compensate the Indians for damage done to their corn by the settlers livestock and to respect their fishing places.

October 11, 1631 - The governor, being at his farm house at Mystic, walked out after supper, and took a piece in his hand supposing he might see a wolf (for they came daily about the house and killed swine and calves, etc.), and being about one-half mile off it grew suddenly dark, so in coming home he mistook his path and went till he came to a little house of Sagamore John, which stood empty. There he stayed, and having a piece of match (cord or cloth dipped in sulphur ) in his pocket (for he always carried about him match and a compass, and in summer time snakeweed), he made a good fire near the house, and lay down upon some old mats which he found there, and so spent the night, sometimes walking by the fire, sometimes singing psalms, and sometimes getting wood, but could not sleep. It was ( through God's mercy ) a warm night, but a little before day it began to rain, and having no cloak he made shift by a long pole to climb up into the house. In the morning there came thither an Indian squaw, but perceiving her before she had opened the door he barred her out, yet she stayed there a great while assaying to get in, and at last she went away and he returned safe home, his servants having been much perplexed for him, and having walked about and shot off pieces and hallooed in the night, but he heard them not (Winthrop's Journal).

As John's tribe increased from the smallpox outbreaks of the early 1600's he found that he needed more land. He appealed to the court at various times to seek payment for the land belonging to him that the increasing English population had settled on. The court postponed these request and the problem solved itself when another smallpox epidemic hit the Massachusetts coast in 1633 - 1634 and wiped out entire Indian villages. "At this time (1633) a most grievous and terrible sickness amongst the Indians, who were exceeding numerous about us". (Charlestown Records )

John himself became ill in late November 1633 and died December 5, 1633. Samuel Maverick and his wife and servants took care of John and several other Indians with smallpox. John gave the governor a quantity of wampum as well as gifts to several other English; and took order for the payment of his own debts and those of his men. He died in persuasion that he would go to the Englishmen's God. Many of the ill Indians said they would worship the English God if they recovered. When visited shortly before his death he was reported to have said "by and by mee mattamay (to die) may be my two sons live, you take them to teach much to know God." (Johnson) Maverick buried John as well as thirty other Indians who had died on the same day. This burial site was proably in Chelsea on the hill where the Naval Hospital was later built.

Some of the English in the towns around the bay took the Indian children into their homes hoping to rescue them from the smallpox. Most died, Sagamore John's son was one of the few to survive. He was taken care of by Mr.John Wilson, pastor of Boston.

John Winthrop is said to have taken another one of his sons, no more is known about this child and he may have died soon after his father. (From Johnson's - Wonder Working Providence)( also Winthrop's Journal )

John Winthrop was entertained by Maverick in 1630. In 1634 he moved from Winnesimmet (Chelsea) to Noodles Island which may have been granted to him.

Sagamore John left by a will, all his wampum and coats to his mother, and his land about Powder Horn Hill, to his son, and in case of his decease, to his brother George.

The mortality among them was very great, and increase among them daily more and more, insomuch that the poore Creatures being very timorous of death, would faine have fled from it, but could not tell how, unlesse they could have gone from themselves; Relations were little regarded by them at this time, so that many, who were smitten with the Disease, died helplesse, unless they were neare, and known to the English .... The Winters piercing cold stayed not the strength of this hot Disease, yet the English endeavouring to visit their sick Wigwams, helpe them all they could, but as they entered one of their matted Houses, they beheld a most sad spectacle, death having smitten them all but one poore Infant, which lay on the ground sucking the Breast of its dead Mother, seeking to drew living nourishment from her dead breast. Their dead they left oft-times unburied, wherefore the English were forced to dig holes, and drag their stinking corps into them. ( Johnson's wwp)

Governor Winthrop wrote in his journal " it wrought much with them, that when their own people forsook them, yet the English came daily ministered to them."

February 1634 - Such of the Indian Children as were left were taken by the English, most whereof did die of the pox soon after; three only remaining,where of one which the governor kept was called Knowe God (the lndians' usual answer being, when they were put in mind of God, Me no know God) (Winthrop's Journal ).

In the late 1800's, Francis Brooks was excavating a foundation for a barn on his property in West Medford. His workmen uncoversd the remains of eighteen Indians buried in a sitting position. From the amount of artifact found in the grave they mistakenly believed that it may have been the burial place of Sagamore John and erected a small monument there to his memory.

(7) Montowampate, Sagamore James3, (Squaw-Sachem2, Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1609, and in 1629, married (11) Wannunchus who was born in 1612. Montowampate, Sagamore James died in Dec 1633.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

SAGAMORE JAMES - Montowompate

Born: 1609 (Lewis) Died: December 1633 of smallpox

He resided on the Abousett (Saugus) River, he was sachem of what is now Lynn, Marblehead, Nahant, and Saugus. Saugus is an Indian word meaning "extended" and proably refered to the broad salt marshes in that territory. The Indians applied the name Saugus to all the land between Salem and Boston

He was the son of Nanapashemet and Squaw Sachem of Massachusetts. He had two brothers, George, sachem of Naumkeag younger than him and John, sachem of Mystic older than him, and a sister Yawata alais Abigail

Wife: Wanunchus, a daughter of Passaconaway, the sachem of the Penacooks in the Merrimac Valley.Born in 1612. Married in 1629 (James being 20 yrs. old )

Children: names unknown

Grandchildren (2):Granddaughters Pattpocksit, the others name unknown. They were both living at Penacook (Concord, N.H.) in 1686

James was said to have a bad disposition compared to his brother John but he often went to the English and caused them no trouble. Between him and his brother John they had not more than thirty or forty men under their command. Most of their people had died in the various outbreaks of smallpox.

The record states "near to Salem dwelleth two or three families, subject to the sagamore of Agawam, whose name he told me but I have forgotten it (Masconnomet) . This sagamore had but few subjects, and them and himself tributary to Sagamore James, having been before the last year (in James'minority) tributary to Chickatalbott.

James married Passaconaway's daughter Wanunchus with her father's blessing and took her to his residence in Saugus. After a time missing her father, James sent her to Penacook with an escort of his men. After feasting several days in Passaconaway's village James' men returned home. When Wanunchus wished to return to her husband, Passaconaway sent a message to James, telling him to provide an escort for her for the return trip home to Saugus. James felt that since he had provided the men to bring Wanunchus to Passaconaway he should provide the escort back as a matter of protocol and would not send men to bring her home. Passaconway was angered by this, feeling that James should hold him in higher esteem and provide the escort. The situation somehow was resolved and Wanunchus eventually got safely back to James.

Joh Greenleaf Whittier's poem "The Bridal of Penacook" is based on this incident. In the poem Wanunchus is called Weetamoo and James is called Winnipurkett.

Wanunchus may have returned to live with her father after James death as their grandchildren were living at Concord in 1686.

Information on this incident is given in New English Canaan, by Thomas Morton, who was in the country at the time. It is also reproduced in Lewis'History of Lynn.

Lewis' History of Lynn says that he had a residence on Sagamore Hill near Long Beach.

James was wounded in a battle with the Tarratines at Agawam ( Ipswich ) on August 8, 1631, his wife, Wenunchus was taken captive along with several other Indians. She was ransomed September 17, 1631 for wampum and ten beaver pelts through the mediation of Mr.Abraham Shurd of Pemaquid, who used to trade with them.

On September 4, 1632 Richard Hopkins of Watertown, was arraigned for selling a gun and a pistol, with powder and shot to James the Lynn Sagamore. The sentence of the Court was that he should " be severly wipped and branded with a hot iron on one of his cheekes." One of the Saugus Indians gave the information, on the promise of concealment, for his discovery would have exposed him to the resentment of his tribe (also Winthrop's Journal).

July 1, 1657 - William Dixey gave the following deposition in Essex Court, "For a place to set down in; upon which Mr. Endicott did give me and the rest leave to go where we would; upon which we went to Saugus, now Linne, and there wee met with Sagamore James and som other Indians, who did give me and the rest leave to dwell there or thereabouts; whereupon I and the rest of my master's company did cutt grass for our cattell, and kept them upon Nahant for som space of time; for the Indian Sagamore James and the rest did give me and the rest in behalf of my master Johnson, what land we would; whereupon we sett down in Saugus, and had quite possession of it by the abovesaid Indians, and kept our cattell in Nahant the sumer following".

John Wood one of the original settlers of Lynn, said "we did not settle at Sagamore Hill, because the Indians were there".

SOURCE

PARENTAGE: Wannunchus, daughter of Passaconaway, the sachem of the Penacooks in the Merrimac Valley.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(8) Yawatta3, (Squaw-Sachem2, Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1614 at of Quapoag, Worcester, MA, and married (12) John Awassamog who was born about 1614 at of Winnisimet (Chelsea), Suffolk, MA. Yawatta died after 1686.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

Also known as "Princess Yawata"

YAWATA

Daughter of Nanapashemet, and sister of the three sagamores

Born: unknown Died: After 1686, in Natick (Lewis)

Husband: Oonsumog (Lewis) John Awassamug, Sr., the nephew of the Nipmuck Sachem Wuttawushan. [ The names of the Indians are variously spelled in records and depositions, as they were imperfectly understood from the nasal pronunciations. Lewis ]

Awassamug sold land around Natick in the 1680's.

Children: three sons; Thomas Awassamug Sr. his wifes name was Abigail; they had two married daughters; and a son Thomas Jr.; John Awaassamug; Samuel Awassamug

" She had a son, Muminquash, born in 1636, and called James Rumney Marsh, who also removed to Natick." (Lewis) ?

Quannapowitt (Muminquash ) was the grandson of Nanapashemet and squaw - sachem of Massachusetts, the only son of their daughter Yawata and John Oonsamog. Born at Rumney Marsh ( Chelsea ) in 1636, he originally adopted "James Rumney Marsh as his English name, but he was later known as both James Wiser and James Quannapowitt. He and his parents were converted to Christianity by the Reverend Mr. John Eliot, and were included in the group that comprised the first settlers of Natick. He had two children - Isreal and Joan - by his marriage to Mary Ponham, another Natick resident, and while his children were still young, he served as an interpreter for the Massachusetts Bay Colony. He was later called as a teacher to the church at Martha's Vineyard, but when the war broke out he was back at Natick where he had been appointed as a leader." (Bonfanti ); I believe these two statements are incorrect as to who James Rumney Marsh's parents were, it is not supported by other information and there is much to the contrary. On September 7, 1686 in a sworn statement he said "James Rumney Marsh aged about fifty yeares ye son of Jno Indian " In other testimony he states that he is the son of Old Jonh and Joan of Natick, Yawata was called Abigail by the English not Joan. Also I have found no other information on a child Joan or that he was a teacher at the Church at Martha's Vineyard.]

Thomas Awassamug Jr. and his wife Deborah Abraham Awassamug had five children: John, born Aug.2,1733 at Natick Amos, born in Needham, May 29, 1730, died November 19, 1742 at Natick Hannah,daughter, born in Medfield, July 9, 1747, died January 24, 1759 at Natick Submit, a daughter, born, June 14, 1733 at Natick Thankful Awassamug, a daughter married William Feggins in Natick on July 12,1763

Submit Awassamug, a daughter married William Fegens, January 3, 1762, later she married Solomon Wamsquan in Hopkinton in 1781. A petition to the General Court indicates Submit was living in Holliston in 1774, destitute and residing in an English household.

Thomas Awassamug and his wife Jerusha had a daughter Molly, Jan.8,1767 at Natick ( in East Town, Natick Vital Records )

Despite owning land in Natick, by 1750, he had been reduced to a state of povety. His son Thomas Jr. married twice, first to Hannah Pegan Quitticus of Dudley in 1758, then to Jerusha Simons of Stoughton in 1772.

She lived to sign the deed of Salem, in 1686, and died at Natick. The early settlers called her Abigail. The wife of David Kunkshamooshaw, who was a grandson of Yawata's brother Wenepoykin ( Sagamore George ), was also called Abigail. This last was the one who signed the deed of Lynn. Yet Yawata may have signed the deed to Salem, in 1686, though she must have been quite old.

She was present in James Rumney Marsh's wigwam at Natick in 1684 when her brother Sagamore George died. (Lewis)

Children:

    13 + Thomas4 Awassamog 
    14   Joshua Awassamog 
    15   Samuel Awassamog 
    16   Amos Awassamog 

(13) Thomas4 Awassamog, (Yawatta3 , Squaw-Sachem2, Squaw-Sachem1) married (17) Abigail.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(9) Wenepoykin, Sagamore George3, (Squaw-Sachem2, Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1616, and married (18) Joane, Ahawayetsuaine, Ahawayet. Wenepoykin, Sagamore George died in Sep 1684.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

SAGAMORE GEORGE -Wenepoykin, erroneously called Winnapurkitt, also known as No Nose, George Rumney Marsh (his name pronounced with an accent and lingering on the third syllable We-ne-pawwe-kin)

Born: 1616 Died: September 1684 at age 68

Wife: Joane, Ahawayetsuaine, Ahawayet ( Lewis) the daughter of Black Will, Poquannum she died in 1685

Their Daughters (3): Susanna, Potoqhoontaquah Cicely, Cicily - Petaghunckay, Petagunsk (Lewis) alias Su George Sarah Wuttaquatinmisk, ( Wattaqyattinusk, Lewis) ( meaning little walnut ), Husband John Owufsumug, she was a widow by 1686.

If early historians are correct these women were beautiful, his daughters were called Wanapanaquin, or the plumed ones. This word is but another spelling of their fathers name Winepoykin which signifies a feather or plume.

Their Son (1): Nonnumpannumhow also known as Manatahqua.

Grandchildren (3): Nonnopanhow, known as David Kunkshamooshaw and

Samuel Wattoanah (meaning staff ) sons of Manatahqua

John Tontohqunne (Tontoquon - Lewis ) son of Cicely

These three grandchildren were living in Chelmsford in 1686

Relatives:Thomas Queakufsen aka Capt. Tom living at Wamefit near Patucket Falls in 1686. He was the brother of Joane, Sagamore George's wife.

James Rumney Marsh aka Munminquash and Quanahpohkit, he was the son of John & Joan Quanapohit.born in 1636. He was living in Natick in 1704. According to Indian testimony James was related to Sagamore George through his Mother. Sagamore George died in his home in 1684 in Natick (his wigwam with Yawata present, Lewis)

Isreal Quanahpohkit of Natick, James oldest son, Died at Natick Feb.1775

Sarah Rumneymarsh living in Natick in 1759 at 80 years of age, daughter of James

Thomas Quanahpohkit, (James brother?), age 86 in 1675

Also, two women living around Penacook in 1686 one named Pahpochkfitt, the others name unknown both granddaughters of Wenuhuf, his brother James wife.

He was the youngest son of Nanapashemet & Squaw Sachem of Massachusetts. He became sachem of Numkeag (Salemwhen he was around eight years old, although a relative such as an uncle proably ruled for him until he grew older. He had two brothers John the eldest and James also older than him and one sister Yawata.

The Indian village of wigwams in 1629 was located on the north side of the North River not far from Simondes (near the conor of North and Osborne Streets) This is the only Indian settlement in original Salem whose location can be identified from early records.

There were only 2 or 3 Indian families at Naumkeag who planted in fenced fields alongside the English. Smith earlier noted a large village here.

After the death of his brothers James and John in 1633 he became sachem of Lynn and Chelsea as well as Naumkeag. When his mother Squaw Sachem died in 1667 he became sachem of Massachusetts which is North and East of the Charles River.

Sagamore George's lands were from the Frost Fish River (Danvers River) westward over the Ipswich River to the north side of Will's Hill in Middleton and toward Andover and the south side of Andover town away toward the Shassink River to Malden Mill the south side of Spott Pond.

Also described as all land from the Naumkeag River (Bass River) up to Malden Mill Brook running from a pond called Spott Pond. The original name for the Forrest River was the Mashabequash River. The dividing line running up from the bay up Danvers River, then between the ancient grants of Endecott and Porter, and then northerly on the northeast side of Will's Hill, in Middleton. To the east of this line was the land of the Agawams and to the west that of the Massachusetts.

James Quamnapowitt ( Rumneymarsh) & Thomas Quamnapowit who were living at Natick before the war, then interred on Deer Island in Boston Harbor served the English in the King Philips war as guides.

Sagamore George had never been in deep friendship with the English. He joined with Philip and was captured in 1676. He was sold into slavery in Barbados. He returned at the end of eight years and lived with James Rumney Marsh, in Natick until his death in 1684. His sister Yawata also resided in Natick at this time.

On September 22, 1675 - 7 Indians sold as slaves to be taken out of New England- George, William, ffawkins, great David, Renles(?), John Indian & Tommoquin (this may have been another George).

In 1639, a settlement called Lynn Village was began, it included Reading, South Reading and North Reading. The land was purchased for L10.16 and the deed signed by Sagamore George, his sister Abigail (Yawata ), and one or two others.

Nov. 25,1641 - Court held at Salem "George the Indian brother of George Sagamore sent to Boston Joale"

On July 12,1642 Sagamore George and Edward alais Ned of Wight, sued Francis Lightfoot [an Englishman, d.1646 ] for land in Salem Court. The case was refered to the Boston Court.

1651 - In answer to the petition of George Indian of Lynn, this court refers him to bring his action in some inferior court, against any that ungenerously withold any land from him.

1652 - Wenepoykin, the Lynn sagamore, on the first day of April, mortgaged "All that tract of land or neck of land, commonly called Nahant," to Nicholas Davidson of Charlestown, " for twenty pounds sterling dew many yeer. " The deed was signed with his mark, which has somewhat the form of a capital H in writing.

On May 21, 1657, Sagamore Wenepoyken petioned the General Court that he might possess some land, formerly owned by his brother, called Powder Horn Hill, in Chelsea. He was refered to the County Court (There was said to be an Indian Fort located here at one time. Hutchinson)

Disposition given at Salem Court June 3, 1657, " We, George Sagamore and the Sagamore of Agawam, doe testify that Duke William, so called, did sell all Nahant unto ffarmer Dexter for a suit of clothes, which clothes ffarmer Dexter had again, and gave unto Duke William, so called, 2 or 3 coates for it again." [signed by the marks of the two sagamores].

On September 16, 1684 his heirs gave Marblehead a deed to their town, it was signed by Joane Ahawayet, Squaw, relict, Widdow of George Saggamore, alais Wenepauweekinwwekin or George No Nose; Joane Quanapohkownat, the widow of John Quanapohkownat of Natick: James Quanapohkownat, alais James Rumneymarsh, Isreal Quanapohkownat, Sarah Quanapohkownat all of Natick; Susannah Wenepawweekin, Sarah Wanapawequen daughters of Sagamore George; Joseph Quanophkonatt, alais Joe English, son of old John ( Essex Reg. Deeds, 11,132 )

On March 19, 1685 David Nonupanhow relinquished his rights to Deer Island to the town of Boston. ( Suffolk Records )

The deed to Lynn and Reading dated September 4, 1686 and recorded in the Salem Registry of Deeds is a release of all remaining interest of the heirs of Sagamore Wenepauwekin or George No Nose. This deed is signed by David Kunkshamooshow and Abigail his wife, and Cicely ,W Su George and James Quonopohit and Mary Ponham, his wife. David Kunkshamooshaw stated in this deed on the residence of his grandfather; "George sometimes of Rumney Marsh (Chelsea) and sometimes at or about Chelmsford-sometimes here and sometimes there."

On October 11, 1686, Salem received it's deed from Yawata (Abigail ) and other relatives of Sagamore George. The wife of David Kunkshamooshaw, who was a grandson of George was also called Abigail it may have been her that signed the deed. Although, it possibly could have been Yawata though she would have been very old. Sagamore George's family left Lynn about 1675 and went to Wameset (Chelmsford now Lowell where they settled near Pawtucket Falls (Lewis)

Joeane, daughter of Black will, Poquannum.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

BLACK WILL - Poquamun, Duke William Sachem of Nahant, subject to Sagamore James of Saugus

Died: January 1633, hanged in Scarborough, Maine for a murder committed by other Indians: Twice, he sometimes lived at Lynn and married his second wife and lived at Nahant

Son (1): Also named Poquamun, Thomas Queakussen or Capt. Tom, born in 1611, he was Friendly to English. Gookin states in 1686 " He is an Indian of good repute and professeth the Christian religion ". He served in the King Philip's war. There is a confession of faith preserved in Eliot's " Tears of Repentance," by Poquanum, proably this same Indian. He is proably the Indian eluded to by Rev. John Eliot, in his letter, November 13, 1649, in which he says: "Linn Indians are all naught, save one, who sometimes cometh to hear the word, and telleth me that he prayeth to God; and the reason why they are bad is partly and principlly because their sachem is naught, and careth not to pray to God " He signed the deed to Salem in 1686, and on the 17th of September, in that year he gave testimony as to land ownership of Sagamore George. (Essex Reg. Deeds, 11, 131.) He was living at Wamefit near Patucket Falls in 1686. He lived to an old age.

Daughhter (1): Joane, Ahawayetsuaine, wife of Sagamore George

Black Will was friendy towards the English settlers, he was well known to them and said to be Intelligent and generous. It is believed that he is the same Indian who went aboard Gosnold's ship in 1602 wearing a suit of European cloths and speaking English. Where he got this suit of cloths is unknown, probably trading in Maine

He was a contempory of Nanapashmet.

Black Will's cliff, near the Southeasterly end of King Beach, is said to have been the site of his abode.

He sold Nahant to Thomas Dexter for a suit of cloths. Dexter's claim on Nahant caused the town expensive lawsuits in 1657, 1678 and 1695. Dexter bought Nahant for speculation, he lived near the Iron Works. Nahant was used for farming and animal husbantry. A fence was built across the causeway that formed at low tide to keep the wolfs out, it was mostly uninhabited for many years

Disposition given in Salem Court June 3, 1657: "I, John Legg, aged 47 years or thereabouts, doe testifies that when I was Mr. Humphreys servant, there came unto my masters house one Blacke Will, as wee call him, an Indian, with a compleat suit on his backe; I asked him where he had that suit; he said he had it of ffarmer Dexter, and he had sold him Nahant for it."

Thomas Dexter was a farmer who lived on the West side of the Saugus River and bought Nahant for speculation. It was used very early to grow wheat and pasture livestock.

He also sold to Mr. Witter his house lot as well as hundreds of other acres of land. Mr. Witter's testimony states," Black Will or Duke Williams, so called, came to my house (which was two or three miles from Nahant ), when Thomas Dexter had bought Nahant for a suit of cloths; the said Black Will asked me what I would give him for the land my house stood upon, it being his land and his father's wigwam stood thereabouts, James Sagamore and John, and the Sagamore of Agawam and divers more, and George Sagamore being a youth was present, all of them acknowledging Black Will to be the right owner of the land my house stood upon, and Sagamore Hill and Nahant were also his;" and he also adds that " he bought Nahant and Sagamore Hill and Swampscott of Black Will for two pestle stones: Nahant seems to have been sold several times to different individuals by Black Will, who also gave it to the plantation for a sheep pasture. Nahant is said to be taken from the Algonquian word Nahateau meaning twin, signifying the twin islands, big and little Nahant.

Black Will was found fishing on Richmond's Island near Portsmouth, in January of 1633, and hanged for the murder of Walter Bagnall, a dishonest trader, who was killed on October 3, 1631 along with another Englishman when the trading post was burned and firearms, etc. were taken. The murders were actually commited by other Indians, Squidrayset, the Casco Bay sagamore and other Abenakis (Governor Winthrop tells us that he was killed by "Squidraysett and his Indians " ). Black will may have been visiting the newly built truckhouse on the Island.

In the winter of 1636, angry Indians once again raided Richmond Island, killing 200 hogs and some goats. Settlers at nearby Saco Bay, also accused local Abenakis of stealing their hogs.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(4) Joan2, (Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1600, and married (19) John Quanapohit.

Joan, wife of John Quanapohit, must have been related to Squaw-Sachem, wife of Nanapashemet, the exact relationship is not known. She is shown as a sister for the purposes of this report, though from ages it would appear more likely that she was a niece. Her son, James Rumneymarsh referred to Sagamore George as a "near kinsman" related through his mother, Joan.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: From "Behind the Frontier, Indians in Eighteenth-Century Eastern Massachusetts", [after May 1676] by Daniel R. Mandell, p. 32; "also prominent in postwar Natick were John Wiser, from Quabaug..."

From Nipmuc Place Names of New England, Quaboag Pond & River, Worcester County-"before the pond" or "pond-before"? More likely an abbreviation of m'squ'boag, "bloody pond" or "red pond". The Quabaugs were a large Nipmuc band in present-day Brookfield; one of their sachems was called Quacunquasit.

Do not know if John Wiser is actually the father of Anthony Wiser. Additional research is needed to determine the meaning of Quanapohokit in the native language.

There is much additional research needed here. See the following for another Indian named John Quanopkonat. From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm.

MASCONOMET - John, Masconomo, Quanopkonat, Sachem of Agawam

Died: March 6, 1658

Wife:unknown

Sons: Thomas Tyler, living on Martha's Vineyard in 1673 Daughter: Sarah, mother of Samuel English & Joseph English Grandchildren (4): Grandsons, Samuel English,his wife Susannah

Joseph English (Quanopkonat) killed at Tyngsboro July 27,1706 (Colby) [this information or date may be incorrect as testimony indicates he was deceased prior to January 1701 and his signature does not appear on any deed after 1700]

John Umpee - the above three living in Middlesex County in 1700

Granddaughter: Betty Wouches wife of Jeremiah Wouches

[ "Quanopkonet, called John, was another relative of Wenepoykin. His widow Joan, and his son James, signed the deed of Salem, in 1686 Lewis]. I believe the information about his wife's name and sons name in Lewis', History of Lynn is in error.

From the intimacy which exsisted between them he was proably a relative of Sagamores John, James and George

His territory extended from the Merrimac River on the North, South to the Naumkeag, and from the Cochicewick Andover ) to the coast of Massachusetts Bay. There were several large cornfield at Annasnappett "place besides the babbling brook" (Ipswich River) or Middleton. One large field was across from The Great Pond (Wenham Lake) where the golf course is now located. Will's Hill, the highest point of land in the southwest part of Ipswich (now Middleton) was a boundry marker with the Naumkeags. In 1639 there was an Indian plantation there of which Will was the sagamore. The hill was named after him, the last Indian living in Middleton who resided on it's summit and whose squaw lived ther after the town was incorporated. There is a record of them eating skunks and rattlesnakes. An Indian by the name of Will is said to have sold a field of 160 acres to the settlers.

The last of the tribe lived in scattered wigwams, much at the town charge. In 1726, there were three families, each having a wigwam back of Wigwam Hill at the hamlet. A few were still living at Wigwam Hill in Hamilton in 1730.

Masconomets exact relationship to other tribes is not clearly understood. He may have been a sub tribe of the Massachusetts although he seemed to be under the domination of Passaconaway the great Peanacook sachem. Dudley says "he was tributary to Sagamore James".

After Governor Winthrop Sr.'s ship the Arbelia arrived in Salem Harbor, on June 12, 1630, according to Winthrop's Journal, "an Indian came aboad us and lay there all night" Masconomet and one of his men went on board the next morning Sunday, June 13, 1629 and stayed all day. Perhaps Winthrop used this occassion to talk about land sales at Ipswich.

The Agawams were periodically attacked by the Terratines who resided in Maine and Canada. It is said that Masconomet slew several of these Indians in a battle and had a price of blood put on his head by them. On July 5, 1631 he was ordered not to enter any English houses seeking protection for a period of one year or face a fine of ten beaver pelts. In 1629, he asked Governor Endicott for aid against the Tarratine and he did receive it. The Governor immediately dispatched Hugh Brown and several others by boat. He also requested aid on several other occassions against the Terratines.

Sagamores James and John often assisted him. One such time was August 8,1631 when about 100 Terratines in three canoes attacked the Agawams at Ipswich. Several men were killed, both John and James were wounded and James wife was taken captive along with several others. She was later ransomed.

The Tarratines also stole nets and biscuts from a wigwam that Mr. Craddock's men kept equiptment in to catch sturgeon.

Fe Mr. Cobbet's account, it appears that they came against the English, who, but for an Indian, named Robin, would have been cut off; as the able men at this time, belonging to the English at Ipswich, did not exceed thirty; and most of these were away from home on the day the attack was to occur. Robin, somehow knowing of the plan of the Terratines informed John Perkins. (John Perkins, was the Quartermaster, living then in a little hut upon his father's island on this side of Jeofry's Neck). The plan was for four Terratines to invite the English to trade, drawing them down the hill to the water's edge, where forty canoes of Indians would be ready under a brow of a hill to attack them.The English frightened the Tarratines off by a false show of their numbers, beating an old drum, and firing a few guns.

"The people of Lynn were alarmed by a report that the Taratines intended an attack on them and appointed men each night to keep a watch. Once, about midnight, Ensign Richard Walker, who was on the guard, heard the bushes break near him, and felt an arrow pass through his coat and " buff waistcoat." As the night was dark he could see no one, but he discharged his gun, which, being heavily loaded, split in pieces. He then called the guard, and returned to the place, when he had another arrow shot through his cloths. Deeming it imprudent to proceed in the dark against a concealed enemy, he desisted from further search till morning. The people then assembled, and discharged their cannon into the woods; after which, the Indians gave them no further molestation." Lewis'History of Lynn, Annals of 1631 )

The Terratines (Micmac) never again attacked below the Merrimac River after 1631

About 1630 Masconomet was in Saugus, and with other Indians witnessed the sale of Nahant and other land by Black Will, to William Witter for two pestal stones. ( Felt )

In 1634 the General Court ordered Charlestown to make restitution to the Sagamore of Agawam for damage done to his corn by Charlestown's unfenced swine. (The woods between Chabacco and Gloucester abounded in free running swine. In 1640 they were to be yoked, in l661 impounded, in 1794 they should not go at large at.all. Their noses were ringed. Deer-reeves mentioned in 1739.)

In 1637 John Winthrop, Jr. secured from Masconomet, a release of the land lying between Labor-in-vain and Chebacco creeks, which constituted Mr.Winthrop's farm. The consideration paid by Winthrop consisted of twenty pounds, wampampeage, & other things.

June 28, 1638, Winthrop secured a further release of the territory of Agawam. This deed included all the land along the coast from the Merrimack to the Chabacco rivers," and all such land as I formerly reserved for my own use at Chebacco", Mr. Dummers farm excepted only.

Masconomet appeared before the General Court, in Boston, March 13, 1639, and acknowledged that Mr. Winthrop had paid him twenty pounds for this deed, and that he was fully satisfied.

William Jeffrey called an "Old Planter" by Winthrop obtained his title to Jeffrey's neck in Ipswich persumably from Masconomet.

March 5, 1639 - Masconnomet is to have his gun mended, which the Governor's servant broke. He is also allowed to kill fowl and deer. He acknowledges himself satisfied with what Mr.Winthrop paid him for his right to the territory of this town.

On May 8,1643- Masconomet along with several other sachems placed themselves under the protection of the English. The Agawams were friendly toward the English but the English did not compleatly trust them. They were disarmed for several months in 1642 on a rumor that they and several other tribes were plotting against the English.

March 28, 1654 -Andrew Creek and Mary Indian to be whipped (both were servants of William Payne presented for fornication).

The Town of Ipswich granted Masconomet a life estate in six acres of planting land on February 21,1655. The selectmen on June 18,1658 granted the sagamore's widow to enjoy that parcel of land which her husband had fenced in, during the time of her widowhood. This was a parcel of land set of to the Sagamore in 1655 but not property to any but himself.

The deed to Manchester dated December 19, 1700, for the sum of L3 19S silver money of New England was signed by Sam'l English & Joseph English and John Umpee, all living in Middlesex County. The deed states that the English enjoyed the soil with the consent of our Grandfather, Sagamore John, of Agawam, alais Masquenomoit, and ever since by consent of his children, and by us his grandchildren. This same year Beverly and Gloucester paid for their Indian Deed.

Masconomet died before June 18,1658 and was buried along with his gun, tomahawk and other items of the hunt on Sagamore Hill in Hamilton. His wife was buried there upon her death. ( perhaps the location of his life estate)

On March 6, 1659 his skull was dug up by a vandal and paraded on a pole through the streets of Ipswich. The vandal was punished for this act. His remains were reburied on Sagamore Hill. A stone with a plaque markes his grave today.

Children:

	20 + James (Muminquash)3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser 	b.  1636    d. 1712
	21 + Anthony Wiser 						b.c 1640 
	22   Thomas Quanapohit 

(20) James (Muminquash)3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, (Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1636 at Rumneymarsh (Chelsea), Essex, MA, and married (23) Mary Ponham who was born about 1648 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. James (Muminquash) died in 1712. Mary died on 9 Mar 1737/1738 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

SOURCE

Taken from "Dispossession by Degrees, Indian Land and Identity in Natick, Massachusetts, 1650-1790", by Jean M. O'Brien, p.77; "There is a James Wiser who in March of 1682, endorsed the deed for lands in the southern part of Nipmuck Country (MA) that had been forfeited by the group of Indians under Black James. Also, the 1719 allotments was described as the "first division" of land, at least some of the plots codified existing arrangements. For instance, the surveyor "Laid Out to James Wiser 40 Acres Takeing in His Wigwam, p.106".

From "Behind the Frontier,...", p.38, 1681, "two months later, six colonists traveled to Natick, "to buy some Dears Skins of ye Indian." Piambow and Thomas Tray, as well as one of the visitors, later testified that one of the white men believed that a Natick Indian, Job Nussutan, had stolen a beaver trap and an animal in it from another of his party. The accuser, Ciprian Stevens, went to Job's home, and when he found it vacant took a beaver skin "out of a paile of beaver skins [that] were in the wigwam." Stevens also got into a confrontation with James Wiser, told Wiser that his brother Anthony owed twenty fathoms of wampum to another colonist-and took James's gun from Thomas Tray's wigwam in payment, even after James told Stevens that the gun was his and that Anthony was in Nashaway (Lancaster, in Nipmuc country). This incident is a unique glimpse into the enduring frontier of eastern Massachusetts, a world that most historians assume ended with the war or existed only much farther to the west or nother. We see a deerskin and beaver trade, traps, wampum, and wigwams. At the same time, we know about this incident because Job later charged Ciprian Stevens with the theft of the beaver skins-in the Middlesex County Court in Campbridge, a stone's throw from Harvard College. Natick lay along the line between colonial and aboriginal worlds."

From "Behind the Frontier...", p.46, "...and a number of the Indian deeds from this period retain a particularly dubious odor. For example, in December 1686, five Indians deeded twelve square miles to white investors for twenty-three pounds, including much of the middle portion of western Worcester County. Four of the five (Joseph Trask and Simon Piticum, of Wamesit, and Job, Sosawannow, and James Wiser, of Natick) lacked such authority, for only Wiser had previously signed any other deed, and none had ever appeared as a leader in their communities."

Have not proven that James was the father of James and Benjamin Wiser.

From the website, members.aol.com/mpied31415/nanapashemet.htm

JAMES RUMNEY MARSH - aka Munminquash and James Quanahpohkit

Born:1636 (Lewis - Hist. of Lynn)

Wife:Mary Ponham Quanapohkit

Son:Isreal Quanapohkit his eldest son,died at Natick Feb.1775, his wife Esther

Daughter:Sarah Quanapohkit, living in Natick in 1759 at 80 years old

Parents:Old John and Joan Quanahpohkit of Natick

Isreal Rumnemarsh and his wife Esther had five children: Samuel, James, Berthiah, Sarah and Mary all who had died by 1750. Isreal had a granddaughter Sarah Rumneymarsh living at Natick.

Elizabeth Rumney Marsh married Eleazer Paugnet at Natick, December 16, 1754, their relationship to James Rumney Marsh unknown Natick Vital Records

Samuell Rublemarsh died at Natick in 1748 (Relative of James?) Natick Vital Records

Testimony by various Indians state that James Rumney Marsh was related to Sagamore George through his mother a "near kinsman" of Sagamore George.

James had some education and was able to sign his name on deeds and depositions James fought in the Massachusetts - Mohawk War in 1669, under Charles Josiah.

James Rumney Marsh was living at Natick before the King Philip's War and was interred on Dear Island along with the other Natick Indians, he served as a spy during the war and returned to Natick at the end of hostilities. He was still living at Natick in 1704.

Sagamore George lived with James in Natick after his return from slavery in Barbados and died in his home in 1684.

Two decendants of Nanapashemet - Quanapaug and Quanapohit, living on Deer Island had become Christians taking the names of James and Thomas. They became spies for the English during the King Philip's war for a promise of payment of L-5 each. Philip had put a price on their head but they managed to escape his wrath (Lewis).

"John, with one eye, belonging to Nashaway, who had civilly treated and protected James, and entertained him at his wigwam all the time of him being there. The cause of this his special love to James was because he had been a fellow-soilder with him in the Manhake war, and about ten years past." (Gookin)

"1675 Upon the 24th day of January, James Quannapohit (one of the spies) returned...... he was very weary, faint, and spent in near travelling near eighty miles. The snow being deep in the woods, he was necessitated to go upon rackets or snowshoes, upon the top of the snow, which is very tiresome travelling." ( Gookin )

"About the 21st of June (1675), at the first going forth, The English only were employed as soilders, excepting only three Indians for guides went with Capt. Prentive, viz. one James and Thomas Quannapohutt, alias Rumney Marsh. (He was probably called Rumney Marsh from his having lived about that place, in Chelsea, near Boston), and Zechary Abram, who all behaved themselves valiantly and faithfully." (Gookin Doings & Sufferings)

"This I do also know upon my own personal knowledge, that some of those Indian soldiers at their return (viz. John Hunter, Thomas Quannapohitt, and Felix ) brought to the governor, John Leverett, Esq., four of the enemies scalps, slain by them at the fight at or near Mt. Hope, for which they had a reward given them..... Besides, another stout Indian of 86 was wounded by accident, and loss the use of his right arm, his name Thomas Rumney Marsh (Quanapohit), the manner thus; he being a horseman, as before hinted, under Captian Prentiss, they being at a stand and he sitting on his horse, set the butt end of a long gun he carried upon the ground, and held his hand upon the muzzel of the gun which was charged; the weather being hot, and the horse disturbed by flies, pawed with his fore foot, and turning the cock, (which was half bent,) the piece went off and tore his hand in pieces. It was after a long time cured, but the use of his hand lost; yet this fellow since that time hath done very good service as well as before, as may afterwards be mentioned." (Gookin)

[If this was 1675, and Thomas was 86, he would have been born in 1589, and if James was born in 1636, it would be very unlikely that they are brothers].

They marched to a place called Packachooge, about ten miles distant from Hassanamesit towards the northwest, where there was a great plenty of good Indian corn, and in this place we hoped to meet some of the enemy; coming to this place, they saw signs of Indians that had been lately there, but it seems were withdrawn upon the approach of the English.At this place our forces took up their quarters one night, there being two wigwams which were good shelter for our soldiers, the weather being wet and stormy. The next morn our forces searched about the cornfi elds to find the enemy, but could not discover them, though in all probability the enemy saw them in all their motions and concealed themselves; for this is their ordinary way, to lie hid in thick swamps and other secret places, and to move as our men do scatter themselves in small parties, and lie close observing all our men's motions. The English in their seach found above one hundred bushels of Indian corn newly gathered, and a great quantity of corn standing. About ten o'clock in the forenoon, the English captains and their soilders marched back to Hassanamesit; being gone about two miles on their way, Captian Henchman missing, as he apprehended, his letter-case, wherein his writings and orders were, he sent back two Englismen and the Indian Thomas on horseback to see at the wigwams where he lodged to find his papers. These messengers accordingly going back, the Indian led them away and ascending up a steep hill, at the top whereof stood the wigwam; as soon as he discovered it, being not above six rods distance, he saw two Indian enemies standing at the wigwam door, newly come out and four more sitting at the fire in the house; at which sight he bestirred himself, and looking back called earnestly ( as if many men were behind coming up the hill ) to hasten away and encompass the enemy; one of the enemy thereupon presented his gun at our Indian, but the gun missing fire, ( probably the moist rainy weather had put it out of case, ) whereupon the rest of them that were in the wigwam came all out and ran away as fast as they could, suspecting that the English forces were at hand; and then Thomas with his two comrades , having thus prudently scared away the enemy, they also thought it seasonable also to ride back again to their company as fast as they could. And indeed there was good reason for it, because Thomas the Indian had only a pistol, one of the Englishmen, who was their chirurgeon, a young man, had no gun; the third had a gun, but the flint was lost.God preserved them by the prudence and courage of this Indian. (Gookin)

1686 - James Quonopihik and David Kunkshamooshaw, decendants of Nanapashemet, sold a lot of land on the west side of the Iron Works' pond on the 28th of July, to Daniel Hitchings.

In May 1684, James Rumneymarsh, Waban and nine other Indians of Natick sought to sell the former praying Indian town of Okommakamesit comprised of 5,800 acres to Marlborough proprietors. Gookin and Eliot protested the sale in part because of the absurd low price L4O and in part because the "Drunken & debach[ed ] Indians" who had agreed to the deal had angered "other more sober Indians". The General Court agreed that Waban and "Great James" had sold Okommakamesit without proper authority. At times James Rumneymarsh offically spoke for Natick, as when he and Peter Ephraim spoke before the legislature in 1690 representing Natick.

1759 Sarah Rumneymarsh, widowed, living at Natick related "her great want and infirirmities being now Eighty years of age, and without any means of support".

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: have not proven that this is the correct spouse; death record from Natick town records, wid. of Wiser, died 9 Mar 1737-8.

Children:

	24 + Israel4 Rumneymarsh		b. 1675 	d. Feb 1744/45
	25 + Sarah Quanahpohkit		b. 1679 	d.a 1759
	26 + Benjamin Wiser 		b.c 1680 	d. Nov 1737
	27 + James Wiser 		b.c 1685 	d. Jul 1741

(24) Israel4 Rumneymarsh, (James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1675, and married (28) Esther who was born about 1680 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. Israel died in Feb 1744/1745 at Natick, Middlesex, MA. Esther was married to Spouse unknown.

Children:

	29 + Mary5 Rumneymarsh 		b.c 1702 
	30 + Samuel Rumneymarsh 	b.c 1705   d. 1748
	31 + James Rumneymarsh 		b.c 1708 
	32 + Bethiah Rumneymarsh	b.c 1711 
	33 + Sarah Rumneymarsh 		b.c 1714 

(29) Mary5 Rumneymarsh, (Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1702 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, and on 12 Nov 1728 at Weston, Middlesex, MA, married (34) John Peegun who was born about 1700 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

Children:

	35 + Thomas6 Peegun   b. Sep 1730 

(35) Thomas6 Peegun, (Mary5 Rumneymarsh, Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in Sep 1730 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(30) Samuel5 Rumneymarsh, (Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1705 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. Samuel died in 1748 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(31) James5 Rumneymarsh, (Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1708 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(32) Bethiah5 Rumneymarsh, (Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1711 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(33) Sarah5 Rumneymarsh, (Israel4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1714 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(25) Sarah4 Quanahpohkit, (James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1679 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. Sarah died after 1759.

(26) Benjamin4 Wiser, (James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1680 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. Benjamin died in Nov 1737 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

(27) James4 Wiser, (James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1685 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, and married (36) Hannah who was born about 1685 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. James died in Jul 1741 at Natick, Middlesex, MA. Hannah died in 1731/1732 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

SOURCE

TOWN RECORDS: In 1707, was Fence Viewer.

PROBATE RECORDS: 1745, Middlesex County, MA.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: have not proven Hannah is wife.

Children:

	37 + James5 Wiser 	b.c 1715   d.c 1744
	38 + Joseph Wiser 	b.c 1718   d. 25 Dec 1745
	39 + John Wiser 	b.c 1721   d. 9 Jan 1746
	40 + Benjamin Wiser	b.c 1725   d. 1771

(37) James5 Wiser, (James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1715 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, and about 1742 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, married (41) Ruth Bowman, daughter of Samuel Bowman and Martha, who was born about 1724 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. James died about 1744. Ruth died before 1749 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: In 1745 will of his father, was never heard of again after leaving on Expedition to Catharragien. The British were in war with Spain, a number of Massachusetts men, including Native Americans, were enlisted and taken to fight in this conflict in the Caribbean and South America. Carthagena is in Columbia, South America.

SOURCE

PROBATE RECORDS: Samuel Bowman's administration papers, No. 6598, Vol. 3, pages 258-259; Worcester-I have executed this amount and do allow and approve the same and Betty Equi daughter of deceased having hither to taken care of Benjamin Wiser, the only child of Ruth Bowman, deceased a daughter of said deceased and she engaging to take care of him for and future order said child part to be paid her, 7 Feb 1749.

Children:

	42 + Benjamin6 Wiser   b.c 1743   d.a 1810

(42) Benjamin6 Wiser, (James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1743 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, and on 25 Jun 1767 at Sturbridge, Worcester, MA, married (43) Abigail Thomas who was born about 1745 at of Sturbridge, Worcester, MA. Benjamin died after 1810 at of New Woodstock, Madison, NY. Abigail died about 1772 at of Sturbridge, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: have not proven that our Benjamin and Benjamin of Sturbridge are one and the same, but it would appear so. It would also appear that some of the children are those of Benjamin and Abigail Thomas, that she passed away, and Benjamin then married Kezia.

BIOGRAPHY: Little is known of the ancestry of Benjamin Wiser Senior. He was probably born about 1740-50. The first record that we have of him is his service during the Revolutionary War in 1778. By 1784, he was a resident of Haverhill, NH where he was ordered out of town in 1784. This order was not effective as in 1790 he was still a resident of Haverhill. By 1800, he and some of his family had moved to Cazenovia Township, Madison, NY to what is now known as New Woodstock. The 1812 tax assessment of Cazenovia Township is the last known record that we have of Benjamin Wiser Senior. In 1820, four of his sons were head of households in Truxton, Cortland, NY which is next to Cazenovia Township. Kezia's maiden name is not known.

MILITARY RECORDS: Revolutionary War Rolls of NH; Vol.15, p.590; a pay roll of Captain Luther Richardsons Company. Benjamin Wiser, commencement of pay, 6 Apr 1778. Timothy Bedel Esquire was Colonel.

MILITARY RECORDS: A List of the Revolutionary Soldiers of Dublin, NH by Samuel Carroll Derby, Columbus, Ohio, 1901, pages 20-21; Timothy Bedal of Bath (b. Salem, NH, 1740; d. Haverhill, NH, 1787); was a prominent figure in the history of western New Hampshire. He held a variety of postions; was justice of the peace and later (1783) a judge. He raised a company of rangers which was mustered in July 29, 1775, and marched in Sept. of that year to join Gen. Schuyler in an expedition against St. Johns (Canada). In January 1776, he was ordered to raise a regiment of 8 companies to join the "Northern Continental Army." He also served a scommander of a regiment in the northern army from Nov. 16, 1777 to June 1, 1779, and was an efficient officer; though cashiered in July, 1776, for alleged misconduct at the Cedars (Canada), (Am. Archives, I, pp. 158-170, 231, 801), he was afterwards reinstated in command.

TOWN RECORDS: Town Records of Haverhill, NH, p.85; 8 Feb 1784, Benjamin Wiser and Kezia his wife and the children of the said Wiser viz...Allice, Alithea, Benjamin, Josiah, Samuel, Kezia & Abigail-depart out of said Haverhill and go to the places of their last abode... This was a common practice with those who were poor and did not own land.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1790 Census of Haverhill, 1800 Census of Cazenovia, Chenango, NY. In 1790, 2 males over 16 and 6 females. In 1800, 3 males, age 10-16, 1, 16-26, and 1, 45 and over, 2 females under 10, and 1, 45 and over. 1810 Census of Cazenovia, Madison, NY.

TAX RECORDS: Assessment Roll of Cazenovia, NY, 1804, owned 9 acres and was taxed .27. 1805-Benjamin Wiser, 1812-Benjamin Wiser; taxes abated for year year 1786, in Haverhill.

NEWSPAPER RECORDS: Abstracts from Madison County Newspapers, in the Cazenovia NY Public Library, p.276; letters Cazenovia, 1 Jul 1809; Benjamin Wiser, Cazenovia; also 1 Oct 1810 and 1 Jan 1810.

TOWN RECORDS: Cazenovia; in the Lorenzo (John Lincklaen's home, now a state historic site), Wisers appear in the Samuel Forman (SF) store accounts. These refer to purchases from the first store (1793-1823) accounts. Also, Ledyard Lincklaen's (LL) accounts, LL was an heir to the Land Office and his records date to his death in 1864. The JL (Jonathan Ledyard also an heir died about 1875) Daybook. Mr. Wiser (SF); B. Wiser (SF); Benjamin Wiser, 11 items (SF); Benjamin Wiser, (LL), owned Lot #66 Road Town (This is now in New Woodstock); Benjamin Wiser (JL) B, Fol.343; J. Wiser (SF); James (son of Benjamin) (SF); Josiah Wiser (LL), Josiah Wiser, 6 items (SF); Josiah Wiser (JL) D, Josiah Wiser, 20 items (SF); Marsilva Wiser (SF).

PROBATE RECORDS: From the probate records of Grafton County, NH, Vol. 2 p. 138, estate of Robert Haseltine, late of Haverhill, 27 May 1793, accounts owed, Benjamin Wiser, 2-5-6 pounds, claims against estate, Luther Morse, 0-3-0 pounds and Benjamin Wiser, 0-12-0. I do not know if there is any type of family relationship between Robert Haseltine and the Wisers.

PARENTAGE: From O'Brien, Jean Marie, "Community Dynamics in the Indian-English Town of Natick, MA 1650-1790", Vol. 1, "Another proprietary family can be traced to Worcester County as well. The heirs of Samuel Bowman petitioned the General Court for the sale of his Natick lands in 1749, two years after his estate entered probate in Worcester County. The heirs included his widow Martha, and six others, three who were apparently children of Samuel and Martha (two daughters with spouses, and an unmarried son), and a six year old grandson. Benjamin Wiser, aged six and a grandson of Samuel Bowman (relationship to the aforementioned Benjamin Wiser unknown) was living with Zacariah and Betty Equi "in Sturbridge..., Dwellers on Land belonging to others." They proposed that Benjamin's share be invested as well, and that the Equi's share be used in ways the General Court thought best "haveing no View of the money Spent Needlessly." Other heirs included Martha and Joseph Peegun living in Dudley, Samuel Bowman, the eldest son, unmarried, and Martha Bowman, the widow living in Worcester. This is explained in much more detail in "Dispossession by Degrees, pgs. 164-166."

PROBATE RECORDS: In the probate records of Col. Timothy Bedel, Benjamin owed 18 shillings to the estate.

MARRIAGE RECORD: Congregational Church Records of Sturbridge, MA, 1736-1818, p. 74, June ye 25, 1767, marryed Benja. Wiser and Thomas. (also original earlier in record).

Children:

	44 + Alithea (Alathea)7 Wiser b. 27 Sep 1768+ d. 6 Dec 1848
	45 + Allice Wiser b.c 1770 

He also married about 1774 at of Westborough, Worcester, MA, (46) Kezia who was born about 1748 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

Children:

	47 + Benjamin7 Wiser	b. 1774 	d.b 1860
	48 + Josiah Wiser 	b.c 1776 
	49 + Kezia Wiser 	b.c 1781 
	50 + Abigail Wiser 	b.c 1783 
	51 + Samuel Wiser 	b. 1784 	d. 1834
	52 + James Wiser 	b. 1785 	d.a 1860
	53 + Theodore Wiser 	b.c 1787	d.c 1840
	54 + female Wiser 	b.c 1789 

(44) Alithea (Alathea)7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 27 Sep 1768/1769 at probably Westborough, Worcester, MA, and on 2 Sep 1788 at Haverhill, Grafton, NH, married (55) Luther Morse, son of Joseph Morse and Jemima Wheat, who was born 5 May 1767 at Westborough, Worcester, MA. Alithea (Alathea) died on 6 Dec 1848 at Truxton, Cortland, NY. Luther died about 1823 at probably Truxton, Cortland, NY.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: 2 Sep 1788, may be the bann date. The Morse genealogy records their marriage date as 7 Dec 1787.

SOURCE

TOWN RECORDS: Town Records of Haverhill, NH p.422; Banns of matrimony between Luther Morse of New Concord, Vermont & Alathea Wiser of Haverhill, NY, 2 Sep 1788.

p.251, 29 Mar 1798; to allow Dr. Amasa Scott three dollars for attendance and meds for Luther Morse's wife one of the poor of said town.

CHURCH RECORDS: New Woodstock Baptist Church Records, Eletheah Morse, joined Baptist Church in New Woodstock in 1804 and dismissed 1819. Truxton Baptist Church, Aug 1830 Members, Mrs. Morse, 11 Nov 1838, received Alathear Morse by letter, 1841, A. Morse, Aug 1846, Mrs. Morse, Dec 1848, died Mrs. Morse.

NEWSPAPER RECORDS: Cazenovia Pilot, 31 Oct 1810, letters left at post office, for Alathea Morse; also 1 Oct 1810.

CENSUS RECORDS: There is a A...(can't read) Morse in Truxton, Cortland, NY, 1835, with 2 males, and 7 females.

DEATH RECORD: Truxton (now Cuyler), Cortland, NY, Alathea Morse, died 6 Dec 1848, age 79.

SOURCE

PARENTAGE: Luther, son of Joseph and Jemima (Wheat) Morse.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1800 and 1810 Census of Cazenovia, Madison, NY.

TOWN RECORDS: Concord, VT; 1796, Luther Morse, 1 poll, 1 cow, widow, Jemima Morse, 1 cow; 1804, Luther Morse.

Children:

	56 Elizabeth (Betsy) G.8 Morse	b. 28 Aug 1789	d.a 1860
	57 Sally Morse 			b. 8 Aug 1792 
	58 Jemima Morse 		b. 22 Feb 1794 
	59 Abigail Morse 		b. 20 Feb 1796 
	60 Sabra S. Morse 		b. 7 Feb 1798 	d.b 1865
	61 Anna Morse 			b. 6 May 1800 
	62 Joseph C. Morse 		b. 4 Jan 1803 	d. 1859

(45) Allice7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1770 at of Sturbridge, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

FAMILY RECORDS: no further information now known.

(47) Benjamin7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1774 at of Westborough, Worcester, MA, and married (63) Sally Turner who was born about 1772 at of Bath, Grafton, NH. Benjamin died before 1860 at Corinth, Orange, VT. Sally died in 1818 and was buried at Bath, Grafton, NH.

SOURCE

BIOGRAPHY: Benjamin Wiser Junior stayed in New Hampshire while the remainder of the family went west to New York. Benjamin appears to have married first Sally Turner, and second Sarah (Sally) Orn. There are a number of children, though have never proven that all belong to Benjamin. By 1830, Benjamin was living in Vermont and probably died shortly after 1850 in Corinth, Orange, VT or Alexandria, Grafton, NH.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1800 Census of Bath, Grafton, NH Benjamin Wizer; 1 male, 26-45, 2 females, under 10, 1 16-26; 1810 Census of Haverhill, Grafton, NH, 4 males under 10, 1 26-45, 1 female under 10, 2, 10-16, 1 26-45; 1830 Census of Washington, Orange, VT, 1 male under 5, 2 5-10, 1 50-60, females, 2 under 5, 1 40-50; 1840 Census of Corinth, 1 male 10-15, 1, 15-20, 1 20-30, 1 60-70; 2 females, 10-15, 1, 50-60; 1850 Census of Alexandria, Grafton, NH; Benj. age 76, born NH, Sally, age 66, born Maine, Daniel, age 21, born VT.

MARRIAGE RECORD: Intentions of Marriage, Bath, Grafton, NH; Benjamin Wiser of Haverhill and Sarah Orn of Corinth, 12 Oct 1822.

TOWN RECORDS: Haverhill, p.572, Benjamin Wiser, resident, p.602, 1797, resident, p.586, school tax, 1797 Haverhill; Bath, p.30 tax 1811, p.22 inventory 1811, p.150, 1814 taxes, p.140, inventory, 1814, p.186, inventory 1815.

LAND RECORDS: Grafton County, grantor to Richard H. Sawyer, Alexandria, 18 Dec 1848, conveyance from Benjamin Wiser which was witnessed by Daniel Wiser and Marion W. Beede (daughter of Benjamin).

COURT RECORDS: Benjamin Wiser vs. Jona. Ayers, Sep 1797; relates to the Porter Land, No. 97, nonsuit, judgement for the defendant his cost taxes 6.35 cents, exonerated 11 Sep 1797. John L. Woods vs. Benjamin Wiser, Sep 1815, judgement for paintiff, damages and cost taxed, 22.08, exonerated, 18 Sep 1815; Josiah Bellows vs. Benjamin Wiser, May 1821, judgement for the plaintiff, damages and costs, 30.91, exonerated 1 Jun 1821; Royal Joyslin vs. Benjamin Wiser, May 1822, judgement for paintiff, damages and cost, 20.27, exonerated 8 Jun 1822; Amos Towne vs. Benjamin Wiser, Oct 1825, judgement for plaintiff, damages and costs, 32.33, exonerated 10 Oct 1825; David Smith, Jr. vs. Benjamin Wiser Jr., Feb 1829. Exonerations, Grafton County.

Superior Court, Oct Term 1796, Bedel vs. Wiser, p.237, Johnson Bedel of Haverhill in the county of Grafton husbandman, complaimant against Benjamin Wiser of Haverhill aforesaid yeoman. Oct Term 1796, Little vs. Wiser, con. p.213, Moses Little appee vs. Benjamin Wiser appt, continued to next term. June Term 1797, Little vs. Wiser, con., p.291, Moses Little appee vs. Benjamin Wiser appt, the appellant comes into court and prays leave to vouch in Martha Wentworth of Portsmouth in the County of Rockingham widow to defend this suit which is granted, contnued to next term. Nov Term 1797, Little vs. Wiser, con., p.424, Moses Little appee vs. Benjamin Wiser appt., continued to next term. Nov Term 1798, p.117, Moses Little appee v. Benjamin Wiser appt, continued to next term. June Term 1799, Little vs. Wiser, p.128, Moses Little appee v. Benjamin WIser, appt, it is suggested that the appellee died since the last continuance.

TAX RECORDS: Haverhill, 1796, 3 acres of tillage land, 3 acres of mowing land, 1797.

TOWN HISTORY: Haverhill, Haverhill Town Officers, One Hundred Years Ago, Woodsville, NH, 1909, by William Whitcher, p.19; of the 219 polls assessed, 55 or one-fourth part were assessed a poll tax only. There were: Benj. Wiser, per footnote, of the larger number of these 55 poll tax payers there is little knowledge. So far as known, none of them have descendants bearing the name in Haverhill to-day. Benjamin Wiser was the father of a large family of children, and one of his sons, Benjamin, Jr., was one of the characters of the town in the fortys and fiftys. In fact, Ben. Wiser had nearly as much of a local reputation as was enjoyed by John Page, Jr. whose name appears in the above list and who, as trusted county and state official, as governor and United States senator, was for many years the first citizen not only of the town, but of Northern New Hampshire.

TOWN HISTORY: Seventy Years Ago, by Arthur Livermore, Reminiscences of Haverhill Corner, 1902, from the address of J.H. Pearson, Chicago, IL, at the Centennial Celebration of the Congregational Church, Ben Wiser was a character about Haverhill, especially court week. One day at dinner in the tavern, a man swallowed a fish bone, and came near choking. Ben said that he had once invented a little contrivance, which, being placed in the mouth when eating fish, would separate the bones from the fish, throw them out, and gently guide the latter down the throat. He loaned it to a man one day, who put it in wrong side to, and it sent the bones down the man's throat and choked him. The man's relatives smashed the machine, and Ben never could remember how to make another.

SOURCE

PARENTAGE: Sally, possibly daughter of Solomon Turner.

CEMETERY RECORDS: Colonial Gravestone Inscriptions, Bath, p.18; Sally Turner Wiser, wife of Benjamin, d. 1818, age 46.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: may be daughter of Solomon Turner, who lived in Bath in 1790. Solomon was the only Turner in Bath in 1790 and one of Benjamin and Sally's sons was named Solomon. There are various references to Solomon in the tax records of Bath, NH, before 1797 to 1810.

Children:

	64 Levi8 Wiser 			b.c 1800
	65 Benjamin Wiser 		b. 1804        d. 1864
	66 Polly Wiser 			b.c 1806 
	67 Joseph Wiser 		b.c 1809
	68 Nathan Wiser 		b. 1810        d. 1 Jan 1870
	69 Lucinda Wiser 		b. 1811        d. 26 Jul 1887
	70 John R. Wiser 		b. 5 Jun 1812  d. 31 Dec 1877
	71 Thomas Jefferson Wiser	b. 1813 
	72 Solomon Wiser 		b.c 1815       d.b 1847
	73 Marian W. Wiser 		b. 1816 
	74 Charles S. Halley Wiser 	b. 23 Nov 1818 d. 29 Jul 1880

He also married on 12 Oct 1822 at Bath, Grafton, NH, (75) Sarah (Sally) Orn, daughter of Joseph Orn and Elizabeth (Betsy) Cram, who was born in 1784 at Alfred, York, ME. Sarah (Sally) died on 14 Dec 1860 at Corinth, Orange, VT and was buried at West Corinth, Orange, VT.

SOURCE

PARENTAGE: Sarah (Sally), daughter of Joseph and Elizabeth (Cram) Orn.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1860 Census of Corinth, Orange, VT.

DEATH RECORD: Corinth Town Records; Sarah Wisor, died 14 Dec 1860, age 76 years 5 months, died of old age, widow, born Alfred, NH [must be ME], father, Joseph Orn, m. B. Orn.

MILITARY RECORDS: Joseph and Elizabeth Orn; Cont Line (MA), R7812 1/2, sol m. Elizabeth Cram 10 Dec 1777 both were of Sandford in York Co MA (ME), sol appl 7 Apr 1818 Orange Co VT, in 1820 sol was aged 78, sol d. 24 Apr 1831, wid appl 24 Oct 1836 Orange Co VT aged 80, a daughter Sarah Wiser aged 58 and a son Joseph Orn, Jr. aged 69 made aff'dts in Oct 1836 in Orange Co, VT.

Orn, Joseph, Cont (MA); b. about 1742; Capt Sawyer's Co 1776; married at Alfred, ME 1777; r. Wentworth, Grafton, NH; Corinth 1820; m. Elizabeth.

Children:

	76 Sarah (Sally) Jane8 Wiser	b. 27 Aug 1827   d. 1 Jan 1892
	77 Daniel Wiser 		b. 24 Apr 1830   d. 20 Apr 1909

(48) Josiah7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1776 at of Westborough, Worcester, MA, and married (78) Philena.

SOURCE

CENSUS RECORDS: 1820 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY

1825 Census of Veterans Township, Tioga County, (now Chemung), New York. number of males, including head, 3, number of females including head, 2, 1 married female under 45.

1830 Census of Veterans Township, Chemung, New York, 1 male, 5-10, 1 male, 15-20, 1 male, 50-60, 1 female, under five, 1 female, 30-40.

LAND RECORDS: purchased and sold land in Madison County, NY, Josiah and Phylene (Phelina, Philena, Philean, Philenia), 1817-1819, Road Township, Cazenovia, County of Madison, part of Lot No. 66.

NEWSPAPER RECORDS: Cazenovia Pilot, 9 Jul 1817, letters left at post office, 1 Jul 1817, for Josiah Wiser.

Children:

	79 Lorenzo8 Wiser   	b. 1822
	80 Achsah E. Wiser	b. 30 Apr 1826   d. 10 Jun 1834

(49) Kezia7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1781 at of Haverhill, Grafton, NH.

(50) Abigail7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1783 at of Haverhill, Grafton, NH.

SOURCE

CHURCH RECORDS: joined the New Woodstock, Madison, NY Baptist Church in 1802 and dismissed in 1821.

(51) Samuel7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1784 at Haverhill, Grafton, NH, and about 1820 at of Truxton, Cortland, NY, married (81) Betsey (Elizabeth) Babcock, daughter of James Babcock and Temperance Decker, who was born about 1790 at of Pittsfield, Berkshire, MA. Samuel died in 1834 at Truxton, Cortland, NY. Betsey (Elizabeth) died in 1839 at JoDaviess, IL. Betsey (Elizabeth) was married to Theodore Wiser.

SOURCE

MILITARY RECORDS: War of 1812, Capt. Ezekial Smith's Company of Militia, deserted 24 Oct 1812. Enlistment Records; p.123; Samuel Wiser 23 USI, 5 feet 11 inches tall, black eyes, dark hair, dark complexion, age 30, farmer, born Haverhill, Coos, NH, 8/13 Apr 1814, Ft.Oswego, by Lt. Rt Goodell.

LAND RECORDS: Onondaga County Land Records, Vol. XX 1832 p.76, Lot 45, Fabius, 1832, Samuel Wiser and Betsey his wife, Asa Crandal and Susan his wife, Joshua Davis and Amanda his wife, heirs of James Babcock, deceased.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1820 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY, 1 male, age 26-45, 1 female, age 26-45. Very likely that Samuel and Betsey married about 1820.

1825 Census of Veterans Township, Tioga (now Chemung), New York, 2 males including head, 3 females including head, 1 married female under 45, 2 unmarried females under 16, 1 male birth in preceding year.

1830 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY, males, 0-10, 2, 5-10, 1, 40-50, 1, females, under 5, 1, 5-10, 1, 20-30, 1.

SCHOOL RECORDS: Truxton School District, No. 7, January 1831, S. Wiser, 3 children attending school.

TAX RECORDS: Bath, NH, 1815, possibly a son of Benjamin Jr.

Children:

	82 Amanda8 Wiser 	b. 1820        d. 13 May 1886
	83 Temperance M. Wiser 	b. 8 Jul 1821  d. 13 Jan 1881
	84 Ezra Wiser 		b.c 1824 
	85 John McCormick Wiser	b. 22 Jun 1826 d. 25 Jul 1897
	86 Samuel S. Wiser 	b.c 1829
	87 Matilda Ann Wiser 	b. 1832        d. 1861
	88 William Henry Wiser 	b.c 1834 

(52) James7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1785 at of Haverhill, Grafton, NH, and married (89) Anna Kingsley, daughter of Simeon Kingsley, who was born in 1796 at of Truxton, Cortland, NY. James died after 1860 at Cortlandville, Cortland, NY. Anna died after 1860 at of Boone Twp, Harrison, IN.

SOURCE

CENSUS RECORDS: 1820 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY; 1850 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY; 1860 Census of Cortlandville, Cortland, NY. 1855 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY. In 1820, had 2 daughters under 5. In 1850 was living with Elkanah and Nancy Taylor and Rachel Taylor, age 56, born VT.

NEWSPAPER RECORDS: Abstracts from Madison County Newspapers in the Cazenovia, NY Public Library, p.163; William Malloy, advertised a child about 18 months old taken by James Wiser, without provocation. Child was bound to him by authority of town of Cazenovia, 26 Mar 1814, signed by William Malloy, Cazenovia, Cazenovia Pilot, 6 Apr 1814. Further research needed, but it appears that this child was probably a child of James Wiser who had been bound over to the court. The age of this child would match that of Mary (Polly) Wiser who married Fielding Steele.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: It appears that Mary, Mariam, Lucy and Cloe were the daughters of James Wiser. The only other brother that they could possibly be the daughters of would be Theodore who also had two daughters under the age of 10 in the 1820 Census. The newspaper record above would also indicate that these girls were the daughters of James. It would appear that Anna left James sometime between the birth of Cloe and 1831 when she has arrived in Harrison County, IN. After Anna had left, it would appear that James married Amanda and had Levi.

SOURCE

CENSUS RECORDS: 1850 Census of District 45, Harrison, IN; 1860 Census of Boone Twp, Harrison, IN.

FAMILY HISTORY: Kingsley Family of America, p.500; married Mr. Wiser.

PARENTAGE: Daughter of Simeon Kingsley. Probably half sister or sister to Simeon Kingsley who married Elizabeth Brandenburg, Cynthia who married Erastus Swift, and Chloey who married 1) Mr. Young and 2) Jefferson Burgess.

SCHOOL RECORDS: Truxton School District No.7, January 1831, A. Kingsley, 1 child attending school. This probably is not Anna Kingsley Wiser as by this time she probably was in Harrison County, IN. There is a Am Wiser, with 2 chldren attending school, January 1829 in Truxton School District No. 7 This probably is Anna Kinglsey Wiser.

LAND RECORDS: 1840 Harrison County, IN; deeded land from Erastus Swift, 1 acre.

Children:

	90 Mary (Polly)8 Wiser 	b. 1812    d.a 1870
	91 Mariam Elis Wiser 	b.c 1820   d. 28 Jul 1850
	92 Lucy Ann Wiser 	b. 1823    d.a 1883
	93 Cloe S. M.D. Wiser 	b. 1824 

He also married before 1835, (94) Amanda who was born in 1800 at MA. Amanda died on 16 Mar 1885 at Cortland, Cortland, NY.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Cortland County Farm Records, Amanda Wiser, age 44, date of admission, 3 Dec 1844, married, born MA, county, town unknown, father was a shoemaker, one child known to be living, self supporting (no name), she is feeble minded and destitute, will remain dependent, died 16 Mar 1885.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1855 Census of Cortland, Cortland, NY, Amanda Wizer, age 48, born MA, poor house; 1870 and 1880, town of Cortlandville, county alms house.

CHURCH RECORDS: Truxton Baptist Church Records, 1835, Amandy Wiser.

Children:

	95 Levi8 Wiser b. 10 Jan 1835   d. 8 Mar 1903

(53) Theodore7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1787 at of Haverhill, Grafton, NH, and after 1832, married (81) Betsey (Elizabeth) Babcock, daughter of James Babcock and Temperance Decker, who was born about 1790 at of Pittsfield, Berkshire, MA. Theodore died about 1840 at JoDaviess, IL. Betsey (Elizabeth) died in 1839 at JoDaviess, IL. Betsey (Elizabeth) was married to Samuel Wiser.

SOURCE

CENSUS RECORDS: 1820 Census of Truxton, Cortland, NY.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: family tradition states that Theodore married Samuel's wife Betsey after his death. Supposedly, Theodore died in JoDaviess County, IL about 1839.

Children:

	96 Albert Henry8 Wiser b. 1838   d.a 1850

He also married (97) Elisa Hunt.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: There is a Elizabeth Wiser, buried in Wisner Park Cemetery, Elmira, NY, no data. Towner read stone, Fall, 1875.

Children:

	98 Prudence8 Wiser 	b. 10 Sep 1817  d. 18 Feb 1903
	99 Samuel Henry Wiser 	b. 3 Feb 1819   d. 21 Mar 1893

(54) female7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, James5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1789 at of Haverhill, Grafton, NH.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: possibly Maisilva (Melzinia) Wiser, mentioned in Cazenovia Pilot, 8 Jul 1818, letters left at post office.

(38) Joseph5 Wiser, (James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1718 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA, and married spouse unknown. Joseph died on 25 Dec 1745 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Natick Death Records.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(39) John5 Wiser, (James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1721 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA. John died on 9 Jan 1746 at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia.

SOURCE

PROBATE RECORDS: probated 1746, no heirs, will lists his death date as 9 Jan 1746 at Louisburgh. The British and French were in conflict over Louisburgh in Nova Scotia. About this time, a number of men from Massachusetts died during this conflict.

(40) Benjamin5 Wiser, (James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1725 at Natick, Middlesex, MA, and on 19 Oct 1747 at Southboro, Worcester, MA, married (100) Sarah Printer, daughter of Sarah Thomas, who was born in 1717 at Hassanamisco (Grafton), Worcester, MA. Benjamin died in 1771 at Worcester, Worcester, MA. Sarah died on 14 Dec 1794 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

TOWN HISTORY: History of Worcester and Its People, 1919, Benjamin Wiser, an Indian, was perhaps the only man of his race to appear in the vital records of the town. His will was dated May 29, 1771, proved July 8, 1771, beq. to wife Sarah and children-James, Benjamin, Hannah, Sarah and Abigail. Children, b. here: Hannah, b. June 30, 1750, m. Oct. 16, 1775, John Ephraim, a Natick Indian; James, b. Nov. 15, 1752, had Samuel Curtis appointed guardian, July 1, 1771; will Apr. 13, 1781, beq. sister Sarah and wid. Mary Teal; Benjamin, b. Feb. 7, 1753, had Samuel Curtis appointed guardian, July 1, 1771, m. in Leicester, June 8, 1777, Dorothy Bright; Sarah, b. Feb. 7, 1756; Abigail, b. Jan. 13, 1758.

DEATH RECORDS: Natick, MA; wid. of 9 Mar 1737-8; Ben., Nov 1737; Hannah, 1731 or 1732; James, July 1741; Jo., 25 Dec 1745; all Indian.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: "From Dispossession by Degrees, p.164, Samuel Tabumsug left Natick early and acquired extensive real estate in two Worcester County towns to add to his Natick holdings. Benjamin Wiser had also acquired land in Worcester County on which he made his primary residence. His father, James, was from Natick. Benjamin had left the community by 1743, however, despite receiving thirty acres of land from his father in Natick. He sold these Natick lands at this time, and five years later asked for permission to sell thirty-two acres in Natick in order to build a "Barn on his farm in Worcester which is of the value of five or six hundred pounds...Where you Petitioner Dwells..all which he purchased by his own Industry." Benjamin successfully established himself in Worcester, married Sarah Printer in Southborough in 1747, and between 1750 and 1758, they had five children in Worcester who all lived to adulthood."

SOURCE

PARENTAGE: Sarah Printer, daughter of Sarah Thomas Printer, wife of Ami Printer.

PARENTAGE: From "O'Brien, Jean Marie, "Community Dynamics in the Indian-English Town of Natick, Massachusetts 1650-1790", Vol. 1, states "The other Tobumso with ties to Natick was Samuel, who died sometime prior to 1756. His estate entered probate in that year in Worcester County. Samuel Tobumso was described as a resident of Westborough, and his estate included not only land in Natick (thirty six acres in six pieces), but also in Westborough (ten acres) and Hardwich (100 acres). He appeared in the diary of Westborough minister Ebenezer Parkman from 1737 through 1741 as one of several Indian laborers on Parkman's farm. Tobumso's lands were sold, and the proceeds were divided among the heirs in three parts, "being the original families." The heirs were Sarah Printer, Leah Chalcom, and Judith Ephraim (all described as "one family", all daughters of Solomon and Sarah Thomas, and all Natick residents), Elizabeth Comecho and Mary Ephraim (another "family", relationship unknown, and Natick residents), and Benjamin Wiser originally of Natick but now resident in Worcester, the administrator of the estate.

CEMETERY RECORDS: Mrs. Sarah Relict of Mr. Benjamin Wiser, died 14 Dec 1794, in her 77th year. She was kind and faithfull, in her the poor have lost a benefit, the sick a skillful assistant, her acquaintance a very great friend, her family blesseth her. Her life was much desir'd, lamented when she expired.

TOWN RECORDS:: from "Dispossession by degrees, Indian land and identity in Natick, MA, 1650-1790, Jean M. O'Brien, p.149; Sarah married Ammi Printer, a proprietor at Hassanamisco. The Printers farmed an estate there of more than 300 acres with orchards and a furnished dwelling house. Ammi Printer's 1741 will left his interest income to his widow, his lands and future rights to his two sons, and 100-pound bequests to each of his four daughters. MCP #7006, Joseph Ephraim Jr., Admin., 1743; and Worcester County Court, Probate Records (WCP), #48045, Ammi Printer, Will, 1741. There are no birth records for any of these children. The will notes the following heirs; his wife, Sarah, his son, James Printer, his son, Solomon Printer, his wife's daughter, Sarah, daughter, Abigail Abram, daughter Hannah, daughter Martha. Grafton, Marriages, Abigail Printer and Andrew Abraham Jr., married 29 Feb 1739. Therefore, Benjamin was probably married to Sarah Printer's daughter, Sarah, who would be an heir of Samuel Tobumso.

From, "Behind the Frontier...", p.97; "However, as in Natick, most of the Hassanamisco wealth was in land; thus, few Indians were able or wanted to buy many English household goods. Ami Printer, for example, who died in July 1741 after being "badly froze" nine months before, left personal estate valued at slightly more than two pounds, but held real estate worth nearly 259 pounds. The astoninshing difference between Printer's real and personal estate was typical for even comparatively well-off Indian planters in the eighteenth century."

Children:

	101 + Hannah6 Wiser 	b. 30 Jun 1750
	102 + James Wiser 	b. 1 Nov 1752   d. 24 Apr 1811
	103 + Benjamin Wiser 	b. 7 Feb 1753   d. 1 Jul 1794
	104 + Sarah Wiser 	b. 7 Feb 1756   d. 18 Dec 1843
	105 + Abigail Wiser 	b. 13 Jan 1758 

(101) Hannah6 Wiser, (Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 30 Jun 1750 at Worcester, Worcester, MA, and on 16 Oct 1775 at Worcester, Worcester, MA, married (106) John Ephraim who was born about 1750 at of Natick, Middlesex, MA.

Children:

	107 + John Wiser7 Ephraim b. 1 Apr 1781 

(107) John Wiser7 Ephraim, (Hannah6 Wiser, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 1 Apr 1781 at Natick, Middlesex, MA.

SOURCE

BIRTH RECORDS: Natick Town Records, John Wiser Ephaim, son of John and Hannah Epraim, was born in Natick, April the 1st 1781.

(102) James6 Wiser, (Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 1 Nov 1752 at Worcester, Worcester, MA. James died on 24 Apr 1811 at Ward (Auburn), Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Will Proved 1811.

CEMETERY RECORDS: Auburn, In Memory of Mr. James Wiser, who died 24 Apr 1811, age 58. My friends my body here it lies, Now mingling with the dust, In life prepare to meet your Judge, In Christ put all your trust.

MILITARY RECORDS: Wiser, James, Worcester. Private, Capt. Timothy Bigelow's co. of Minute-men and militia, Col. Artemas Ward's regt., which marched on the alarm of April 19, 1775 [service not given]; also, Capt. Jonas Hubbard's co., Col. Jonathan Ward's regt.; order for advance pay, signed by said Wiser and others, dated June __, 1775; also, Private, same co. and regt.; muster roll dated Aug. 1, 1775; enlisted April 24, 1775; service, 3 mos. 15 days; also, company return dated Dorchester, Oct. 7, 1775.

There is also a Wiser, James in the Massachusetts Soldiers and Sailors. Private, Capt. John Howard's co., Col. Samuel Brewer's regt.; pay abstract for travel allowance, etc., from Saratoga home; 183 miles travel allowed said Wiser; warrant allowed in Council March 12, 1777.

(103) Benjamin6 Wiser, (Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 7 Feb 1753 at Worcester, Worcester, MA, and on 8 Jun 1777 at Leicester, Worcester, MA, married (108) Dorothy (Dolly) Bright who was born in 1749 at of Leicester, Worcester, MA. Benjamin died on 1 Jul 1794 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA. Dorothy (Dolly) died on 1 May 1829 at Ward (Auburn), Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

CEMETERY RECORDS: In Memory of Mr. Benjamin Wiser, who died 1 Jul 1794, age 41.

Children:

	109 + Benjamin7 Wiser 	b. 1780   d. 15 Jun 1858
	110 + Sarah Wiser 	b. 1781   d. 29 Dec 1854
	111 + Artimas Wiser 	b.c 1783  d. 27 Mar 1803
	112 + Abraham Wiser 	b.c 1785  d. 25 Oct 1803
	113 + Mary Wiser 	b. 1792   d. 10 Aug 1819

(109) Benjamin7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1780 at Grafton, Worcester, MA, and married spouse unknown. Benjamin died on 15 Jun 1858 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Auburn, Benjamin died 15 Jun 1858, M, Single, age 78, residence, Auburn, farmer, born Grafton, MA, parents not listed, paralysis, buried Auburn, record date 3 Jan 1859.

CEMETERY RECORDS: Auburn, Dea. Benjamin Wiser, died 15 Jun 1858, aged 78 years, Brother thou art gone to rest, Thy sins are all forgiven; And Saints in light have welcomed thee, To share the joys of heaven. Brother thou art gone to rest, And this shall be our prayer; That when we reach our journeys end, Thy glory we may share.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1850 Census of Auburn, Worcester, MA.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: Have not proven Benjamin is the father of Martha B. Wiser.

Children:

	114 Martha B.8 Wiser b. 1801   d. 17 Oct 1827

(110) Sarah7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1781 at of Worcester, Worcester, MA, and married (115) Toole. Sarah died on 29 Dec 1854 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Auburn, Sarah Tool, date of record 16 Jan 1855, died 29 Dec 1854, age 73, buried in old burying ground, cause of death, dropsy, parents, Benjamin and Dolly Wiser, informant, J.G. Stone.

CEMETERY RECORDS: Toole, Mrs. Sarah, died 29 Dec 1854, age 73. I have set the Lord always before me: because he is at my right hand, I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoiceth: my flesh also shall rest in hope.

CENSUS RECORDS: 1850 Census of Auburn, Worcester, MA.

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: There is a marriage of a Sarah Wiser and Timothy Toon, 7 May 1809 in Boston, Suffolk, MA.

No children of this marriage in these records.

(111) Artimas7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1783 at of Grafton, Worcester, MA, and on 12 Jul 1802 at Braintree, Norfolk, MA, married (116) Alice (Elles) Livingston who was born about 1784 at of Braintree, Norfolk, MA. Artimas died on 27 Mar 1803 at Braintree, Norfolk, MA.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: have not proven that Artimas is son of Benjamin, but he obviously belongs to the Indian Wisers of Natick.

There is an Isaac Wiser, of Sudbury, who married Mehitable Hayward of Braintree, 20 Apr 1782 in Braintree.

DEATH RECORD: Artimas Wiser, died 27 Mar 1803, a man from Worcester County, town of Grafton.

MARRIAGE RECORD: Braintree, Artimas Wiser and Elles Livingston were married by Hon. Ebenr Thayer, Esq., 12 Jul 1802.

SOURCE

OTHER MARRIAGES: There is a marriage of a Samuel Brooks and Mrs. Alice Wiser in Boston, 14 Dec 1805, from the Columbian Centinnel.

Children:

	117 Mary Ann8 Wiser b. 6 Mar 1803   d. 19 Oct 1887

(112) Abraham7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1785 at of Grafton, Worcester, MA. Abraham died on 25 Oct 1803 at Braintree, Norfolk, MA.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: have not proven that Abraham is son of Benjamin, but obviously is related to the Indian Wisers of Natick.

(113) Mary7 Wiser, (Benjamin6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in 1792 at of Worcester, Worcester, MA. Mary died on 10 Aug 1819 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

CEMETERY RECORDS: Auburn, Sacred to the Memory of Miss Mary Wiser, daughter of Mr. Benjamin and Mrs. Dolly Wiser who died 10 Aug 1819, age 27, Let this vain world engage no more, Behold the gaping tomb! It bids us seize the present hour; To morrow Death may come.

(104) Sarah6 Wiser, (Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 7 Feb 1756 at Worcester, Worcester, MA, and married spouse unknown. Sarah died on 18 Dec 1843 at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

DEATH RECORD: Sarah Wiser, "Single Female Indian Woman", Dec. 18, 1843 a. 88, another entry gives Nov. 18 as the date, and 98 the age.

Children:

	118 + Rachel7 Wiser   b. Dec 1786   d. 9 Mar 1787

(118) Rachel7 Wiser, (Sarah6, Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born in Dec 1786. Rachel died on 9 Mar 1787 at Auburn, Worcester, MA and was buried at Auburn, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

CEMETERY RECORDS: Auburn, Rachel daughter of Miss Sarah Wiser, died 9 Mar 1787, age 1 year and 3 months, Youth's a fading flower.

(105) Abigail6 Wiser, (Benjamin5, James4, James3 Quanahpohkit, Rumneymarsh, Wiser, Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born 13 Jan 1758 at Worcester, Worcester, MA.

(21) Anthony3 Wiser, (Joan2 , Squaw-Sachem1) was born about 1640 at of Lancaster, Worcester, MA.

SOURCE

FURTHER RESEARCH NEEDED: In 1681, Anthony lived in Lancaster, MA. Mentioned in "Behind the Frontier,...", p.38, as brother of James Wiser.



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