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Beverly, Massachusetts

History of William Rayment (1637)

Compiled by Robert Scott Raymond (1959)
Updated: 19 March 2001

In this article I've collected all the mentions in the literature that I've been able to find of William Rayment/Raymond and his brother, John. Articles are given in the order of publication. The year of publication is shown in the title in square brackets. Inaccuracies, where known, are mentioned. Comments are shown in square brackets.


First Settlers of New Hampshire [1848]

The contracting parties were "the President and Council of New England on the one part, ad sir Ferdinando Georges, Capt. John Mason, John Cotton, Henry Gardner, George Griffith, Edwin Guy, Thomas Wannerton, Thomas Eyre, and Eleazer Eyre, on the other part." Then follows, "as the forementioned have by their agents there, taken great pains, and spent much time in the discovery of the country, all which hath cost them, (as we are credibly informed,) £3000, and upwards, which hitherunto they are wholly out of purse for, upon hope of doing good for time to come, to the public, and for other sufficient causes," have sold, &c.

We must draw a few sentences more from Mr. Hubbard, who, it will be remembered, was living and wrote while many of the first settlers were alive, and who evidently communicated with them upon their beginnings at Pascataqua. He writes, "and whereas there is mention in this indenture of Capt. Neal, and the colony with him, there residing in the said house, it must be understood, that the agents of Sir Ferdinando Gorges and Capt. Mason, with the rest, and by their order built an house, and done something about saltworks, sometime before the year 1630; in which year Capt. Neal, with three other gentlemen, came over to Pascataqua, in the bark Warwick. He was said to be sent as governor for Sir Ferdinando Gorges and the rest; and to superintend their affairs there. Another occasion of their sending over, was said to be searching, or making a more full discovery of an imaginary province, supposed toa be up higher into the country, called Laconia. But after three years spent in labor and travel for that end, or other fruitless endeavors, and expense of too much estate, they returned back to England with a non est inventa provincia. Nor is there anything memorable recorded as done by him, or his company, during the time of his three years stay, unless it were a contest between him and Capt. Wiggans, employed in like manner to begin a plantation higher up the river, for some of Shresbury, who being forbidden by him the said Neal, to come upon a point of land, that liethin the midway betwixt Dover and Exeter, Capt. Wiggans intended to have defended his right by the sword; but it seems both the litigants had so much wit in their anger, as to wave the battle, each accounting himself to have done very manfully in what was threatened; so as in respect, not of what did, but what might have fallen out. The place to this day retains the formidable name of BLOODY POINT." The following are the documents:  

The Names of Stewards and servants sent by JOHN MASON, ESQ., into this Province of New Hampshire.

Walter Neal, Steward,
Ambrose Gibbins, Steward,
Thomas Comock, (*Carnocks in Adams.)
William Raymond,
[listed with many others]

[This is not William Raymond (1637), as this likely occurred before his birth.]

"First Settlers of New Hampshire,"New England Historical and
Genealogical Register (NEHGR),
Vol. 2, pp. 38-39, Jan. 1848. Highlighting added.


List of Freemen [1849]

16 May 1683.
Humphry Horrel Bevry
Edwd Ashber "
Jno Rayment "
Wm. Raiment jun. "
Andrew Elljot jun.    Bevry
Jno Dodge jun. "
Wm. Dodg jun. "
Tho. Woodbury "
Edwd Dodge "
Henry Herricke "

C. R. [Colonial Records], Vol. V. p. 401.

Rev. Lucius R. Paige, "List of Freemen," NEHGR, Vol. 3, p. 345, 1849.


Early Beverly map by Samuel W. Balch
Early Beverly map by Samuel W. Balch
Galusha Burchard Balch, Genealogy of the Balch
Families in America,
vol. 1, p. 17, 1897.
William's Immigration Date [1879]

WILLIAM RAYMENT'S TESTIMONY. Copied by H. F. Waters, Esq., from Essex County Court Files.—"The testimony of William Rayment aged sixty years or thereabout testifieth and saith that I said Rayment came to New England about the year fifty two and Liueing[sic] near the Brook that runeth in the head of bass river which then went by the name of Coyles Brooke & also Byams brooke for George Byam then Liued on the west size of said brooks side which Land was then fenced by said brook untill it met with Nicholas Hayward his Land further saith not. Jurat. Salem December 28th 1697."

H. F. Waters, Esq., "William Rayment's Testimony," NEHGR, Vol. 33, p. 161, 1879.


Genealogies of the Raymond families of New England... [1886]

Cover of the book
In 1622 Sir Fernando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, a London merchant, were the joint grantees of all the land lying between the Merrimac and Sagadahoc rivers. In the following year an attempt was made by them to establish a colony and fishery at Pascataqua river. In 1629 the grant was divided. Gorges took all that part lying east of the middle of the river Pascataqua, and named it Maine, and Mason all that between the Pascataqua and Merrimac rivers, and called it New Hampshire. Mason now formed a company or association which was called "The Company of Laconia." In 1630-1 this company sent out to Little Harbor (now Portsmouth, N. H.) Ambrose Gibbons, William Raymond [relationship to William Raymond (1637) unknown], with other stewards and forty servants. In May, 1631, Thomas Eyre, one of the company, writing from London to Gibbons, their factor, says: "By the barke Warwicke we send you a factor to take charge of the trade goods."

Dec. 15, 1632, Mason and others of the company wrote to Gibbons from London: "Wee thank you for assisting John Raymond. [relationship to William Raymond (1637) unknown.] Wee pray you still to be helpful to him so that he may dispatch and come to us with such retourne as he hath and if he hath any of his trade goods remayning unsold wee have willed him to leave them with you and we doe hereby pray you to receive them into your custody and to put them off with what convenience you may and to send us the retournes by the first shipp that comes."

June 24, 1633, Gibbons wrote from Newichwanick (a settlement about eight miles up the river) to the company at London: "I have delivered unto Mr. John Raymond 76 lb 4 ounses of bever, 6 musquashes and on martain. Mr. Raymon's present departing and the intermixing of all the trade goods in my care until Mr. Vaughan com I cannot give you any Satisfaction for the account of trade. I did advise Mr. Raymond to retourne with all speed unto you." The last letter of which any record is found, is from Gibbons to the company at London, dated at Newichwanick, July 13, 1633, in which he says, "I have taken into my handes all the trade goods that remains of John Raymon's and Mr. Vaughan and will with what convenience I may put them of. * * George Vaughan hath a note of all the trade goods in my custody of the old store John Raymonds and George Vaughns accomtes, but the bever being disposed of before I could make a devident."

Mason died. His will was dated Nov. 26, 1635, and was proved Dec. 22d following by Ann Mason, his wife, who was appointed administratrix. She made Francis Norton her attorney at Little Harbor. In 1639, finding the income from the settlement would not justify the expense, she refused to furnish further supplies, which was followed by the disruption of the colony. Many of the people left, and those who remained kept possession of the buildings and land and claimed them as their own. It appears the planters had, in 1629, purchased of the Indians (as they conscientiously thought necessary to give them a just title) all that part of the main land bounded by the Piscataqua and Merrimac rivers, beginning at Newichwanick Falls on the Piscataqua, down said river to the sea.

This is all the information discovered of our ancestors until we find Richard, John and (Captain) William at Salem and Beverly, Mass. As early as 1636 Richard received a grant of land for fishing purposes, at Winter Island, Salem. He styled himself a mariner, was probably master, and certainly part owner of the ketch Hopewell of 30 tons. These facts warrant the belief that his business was that of a fisherman. It is said that he made voyages to Barbadoes, which is doubtless true, for the West Indies were then, as now, an important market for the product of his industry. While there is no evidence that he was ever at Mason's colony, yet it seems probable that he was among those whom Mason and his associates sent over from London from time to time between 1623 and 1630-1, in unsuccessful attempts to establish the fishing business at their colony.

A very exhaustive search has been made, without success, to find the original record of that "William Raymond mentioned of this place 1648," in Felt's annals of Salem. If such a record exists, which is probable, it must have referred to William the steward, and not to Captain William, who was at that time only about eleven years of age. That John and Capt. William were brothers is proved by a deed on record in Salem Registry, Book 17, page 24, in which John of Middleboro, who was a son of John the emigrant, conveys an estate to his brother Jonathan, describing a boundary thereof, "until it comes to the land which I sold to my uncle Capt. William Rayment and to his son George Rayment." Of the relationship that existed between Richard and the others there is nothing decisive, but there remains the fact that those who emigrated to this country came from Essex County, England. [Later research showed John and William came from Somerset, not Essex.] All those bearing our surname lived side by side for several years at Salem and Beverly, and none other has been found for at least an hundred years from that time who could not trace his ancestry to those named.

John Raymond 1. The emigrant brother of William 2, Bass River, Salem, Beverly, Mass., 1654, m. (1) Rachel Scruggs, dau. of Thomas Scruggs, who was a Deputy to General Court, 1635-6, and had: John 3, b. abt. 1650. Thomas 4. Bethia, b. June 14, 1655, d. Dec. 10, 1662. Abigail, d. Dec. 10, 1662. Rachel, b. Feb. 14, 1659, bapt. Nov. 13, 1670. Eliza, d. Dec. 25, 1662. Abigail, bapt. Nov. 13, 1670. Jonathan 5, b. Apl. 25, 1666, bapt. Nov. 13, 1670. Rachel Raymond d. May 2, 1666. John Raymond m. (2) Judith Woodbury, widow of William Woodbury, Jr., and had: Nathaniel 6, b. Mar. 15, 1670, bapt. Aug. 6, 1671. Benjamin, b. Aug. 24, 1672, d. Sep. 16, 1672. John Raymond d. Jan. 18, 1703, æ. abt. 87. Judith Raymond d. Oct. 31, 1702, æ. 75. 

William Raymond 2, was a brother of John 1, Beverly, Mass. The Court records of Salem, Dec. 28, 1697, say: "The testimony of William Raymond, aged 60 years or thereabouts. Testifieth and saith that I, said Raymond, came to New England about the year '52." He was a prominent citizen of the town; he was in the Narragansett fight, 1675; was appointed by the General Court, in 1683, Lieut. Commander of Beverly and Wenham troop; he commanded a company in the Canada Expedition, 1690, and was a Deputy for Beverly, 1685 and 6. He m. (1) Hannah, dau. of Edward Bishop; she was b. Apl. 12, 1646, and had: William 7, b. abt. 1666. Edward, bapt. July 12, 1668; he m. Mary . . . who was dismissed from the First Church, Salem, to the new [122]Church, Apl. 2, 1716; he was exor. of his father's estate; there is no evidence that he had issue. George 8, bapt. Oct. 30, 1670. Hannah, bapt. May 18, 1673, m. (1) Nathaniel Hayward, m. (2) . . . Hutchinson. Abigail, bapt. July 23, 1676, m. John Giles, Mar. 29, 1694. Hannah Raymond d. and William Raymond m. (2) Ruth, dau. of Isaac Hull, of Beverly, who survived him, and had: Mary, b. May 2, 1682, m. Josiah Batchelder. Ruth, b. 1690, m. Jonathan Batchelder, and d. Mar., 1747. Ebenezer 9. Capt. William Raymond d. Jan. 29, 1709, æ. 72.

Samuel Raymond, Genealogies of the Raymond families of New England,
pp. 1-3,121-122, 1886. Emphasis added.


Soldiers in King Philip's War [1887]

June 24th 1676
Edward Bishop 07 03 02
William Rayment     04    02    07

[Pounds, shillings, pence?]

"Soldiers in King Philip's War," NEHGR, Vol. 41, 1887, p. 273.


George Rayment's Will [1895]

GEORGE RAYMENT of the parish of St. John's in Glaston in the Co. of Somerset, 26 June 1651, proved 30 October 1651. My body to be buried in the churchyard of St. John's &c. To my daughter Dorthy Robyns and her child forty shillings, and all the goods that I have in the house that I lived in, in the churchyard. I give to said daughter Dorothy Robins, and my best breeches and jacket and my best shoes to my daughter Dorothy's husband of Streete. To the wife of my son Maurice Rayment and her child forty shillings.

Item, I give and bequeath to William Rayment my son that is in New England six pounds, to be paid if ever he doth come to Glaston to demand it. Item, I give and bequeath to Elizabeth Rayment my daughter that is in New England twenty shillings, to be paid if ever she doth come to Glaston to demand it. To John Seemer, the son of William Seemer, twenty shillings. To Luce Seemer, the daughter of William Seemer of the said Glaston, twenty shillings. Twenty shillings I give to discharge my funeral expences. All the rest of my goods &c. I give to Maurice Rayment my son, whom I make my whole and sole executor. For overseers I do appoint William Seemer and William Billocks. (Then follows the date.) Item, I give to John Rayment my son that is in New England one shilling.

The witnesses were William Seemer, William Zealee (by mark) and George Rosier.
                   Grey, 196.

(Here we have the family of William and old John Rayment of Beverly, well known to searchers of the records at Salem. And I am glad to see the spelling conform to the pronunciation as I remember it from earliest childhood. Present representatives of that family now write their name Raymond. There was a Richard Raymond of Salem, who lived on the south side of Essex Street, and afterwards removed to Norwalk and Saybrook. But I have never seen the slightest evidence of a relationship between him and these Rayments of Beverly. The above will confirms me in this. I cannot, here and now, without my Essex Co. notes, tell what became of Elizabeth Rayment, the sister of William and John, who also went to New England. Perhaps some of my friends at home (for instance the Hon. John I. Baker) may be able to tell us. John Rayment, I believe, succeeded to the ownership of the farm belonging once to Thomas Scruggs, one of the Old Planters. and the old Rayment house (I hope) stands there to-day. I have often passed it in my walks. HENRY F. WATERS.)

Henry F. Waters, NEHGR, Vol. 49, Jan. 1895?, p. 136.


Grants of Land for Services [1899]

In 1735, a society was formed in Beverly of the soldiers and representatives of the soldiers, who, under the command of Capt. William Raymond, had served in King William's war, so called, on the expedition of Sir William Phipps against Canada in 1690, for the purpose of petitioning the General Court of Massachusetts for the grant of a township of land. (†First Book of Records of the Proprietors of the Township lying on the North Branch of Piscataquog River, in possession of the Maine Historical Society, at Portland, Me. Also Main Historical & Gen. Recorder, vol. iv., p.245.)

Moses Gage...and his brother Adam served in the expedition of Sir William Phipps against Canada in 1690, in which expedition Adam was slain. To pay the men who went in this expedition, a score or more of townships were granted, all called Canada townships. To sixty men from Beverly, under command of Capt. William Raymond, was first granted in 1735, Halestown or Weare, N.H. When, on sttlement of the boundary between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, Weare was found to be in New Hampshire, a new grant was made in June, 1765, to their heirs in lieu of the first grant, now Raymond, Me.

We nowhere find grants of land offered or given to "the soldiers of King Philip's war and their heirs," in such terms. We do find that grants of townships were made to particular companies in that war, as the grant for instance, of Fall Town to the company under Capt. William Turner, which destroyed the camp of the enemy at Peskeompskut. May 19, 1676.

"Ancestry of Lyman J. Gage" NEHGR, Vol. 53, April 1899, pp. 202, 204.

We nowhere find grants of land offered or given to "the soldiers of King Philip's war and their heirs," in such terms. We do find that grants of townships were made to particular companies in that war.

The same rule was followed in the next war. No grants were offered or paid to "the soldiers of King William's war," but grants of townships were made to particular companies in that war, as of Huntstown, now Ashfield, to the company of Capt. Ephraim Hunt; of Winchendon to the company from Ipswich; of a township to the Beverly men under Capt. William Raymond; and other companies who were all in the expedition to Canada in 1690.

"Grants of Land for Services," NEHGR, Vol. 53, April 1899, p. 343.


English Ancestors of John and William Raymond [1918]

ENGLISH ANCESTORS OF JOHN AND WILLIAM RAYMOND OF BEVERLY, MASS.

[The author asserts that John and William's grandfather was Arthur Raymond of Ilchester. Later research by John Marshall Raymond sheds a great deal of doubt on the correctness of this conclusion.]

On page 196 of the Record Book entitled "Grey" in Somerset House, London, England, may be found the will of George Raymond of Glaston, probated in 1652. In it he mentions his sons John and William and his daughter Elizabeth as being "in New England." In a court record of Salem, Massachusetts, December 18, 1697, William is made to say that he came to New England about 1652. In another, Book 17, page 24, William and John are shown to be brothers, and according to the church registry of their ages at their deaths, John is shown to have been about twenty years older than William, and to have been born between 1616 and 1618. Enough is left of the records of St. John's Church, Glastonbury, to inform us of the baptism of George Raymond's son George in 1616 and his death in 1617, also of the burial, in 1618, of the wife of George Raymond, probably after the birth of John, the same who died in Beverly, Massachusetts, January 18, 1703, aged about eighty-seven. George Raymond of Glaston married a second time. We find in the registry that Maurice, son of George Raymond, was baptized April 24, 1621. Apparently, too, John Raymond had a first wife in England. In the registry of St. Benedict's Church, Glastonbury, we find that Margaret Raymond, wife of John Raymond, was buried May 28, 1639. Existing English "Chancery Proceedings, B and A, Charles I. R., 23, No. 45, Feb. 6, 1645," show that John Raymond, Gent., when he decided to go "across the seas," left in trust with two uncles a house that he owned. [The Chancery Proceeding is that of John Raymond, having returned from overseas, suing to obtain his property back from a man who obtained it under false pretense.] This house was only five or six miles from Glastonbury. It explains why, because John had property of his own, the will of George of Glaston left him only "one shilling." Others of George's children shared better, but the most of his property went to his son Maurice. This was probably the family name [p. 344] of George's second wife. The name, sometimes in the same document spelled Morris, is French, and may have belonged to one of the large number of Huguenot refugees known to have settled in Glastonbury. All records there are missing between about 1621 and 1653. The name Maurice may explain why the branch of the Raymond family descended from William, of Beverly, holds a tradition of Huguenot descent.

George Raymond, or Rayment—both spellings are used in the same documents—after promising his signature to his will, signs it with only his mark. The will is phrased exactly as if, because he was paralyzed, or, at least, too feeble to write, he had it copied from the will of Arthur Raymond, of Ilchester, dated in 1623; and this Arthur, for several reasons, seems to have been the father of George. [Doubtful.] Ilchester is situated only twelve miles from Glastonbury. Arthur's will leaves a house and other property to his wife and to each of two other sons; but no house, yet the largest share of the property, to "George, my eldest son." George's will, made thirty years later, shows why he did not need a house. He refers to his possessions in the house that he occupies "in the churchyard of St. John's Glaston." The father of Arthur, George, of Ilchester, had left money for "George, the son of Arthur, to help to breed him to school." In the churchyard of St. John's there can still be seen the ruins of a great schoolhouse that was once there. Very likely George Raymond was connected with it as a teacher. Perhaps it was because his son William had learned something from his father with reference to the subject that, some years later, the Beverly (Massachusetts) Records tell of his being appointed to assist the selectmen in securing a teacher for their town. Moreover, the uncles—really grand uncles, though this term was not used in those days—to whom John's house was left in trust when he went "across the seas" were Arthur's brothers mentioned in the will of George of Ilchester. Both this will and that of Arthur are printed in the volume entitled "Somerset Wills."
Tomb of William Raymond of Ilchester
Tomb of William Raymond of Ilchester
Photo by the author, 1999.
Enough remains of the ruined tomb of William Raymond, of Ilchester, brother of Arthur, to enable us to make out the coat of arms of this family. The shield is that described by Burke in his book entitled "General Armory" as "argent three bars sable," in other words, silver with three black [p. 345] bars, these of equal size crossing the shield horizontally. The crest is a "dexter arm embowed in armor, grasping a battle axe, all proper," which means in their proper natural color. [Also see
"the Raymond Family Coat of Arms."] The simplicity of this coat of arms shows its age. In 1581 and later, other coats of arms were granted to members of the Raymond family. Apparently, too, they belonged to the same branch of the family. This is said because we find different coats of arms used by different families of this name living side by side in the same counties and towns. It is worth while to say also that the story of a battle axe crest, like that of a Huguenot ancestry, is traditional in this branch of the Raymond family of America. It is a crest that surmounts many different English coats of arms. It is sometimes said to have been given to his knights by William the conqueror. If there is any truth in this statement, the crest connects this family of Raymond with that of a knight whose name is inscribed at Battle Abbey among those Normans who fought at the battle of Hastings in 1066. The family of this knight is said to have settled at a place named Raymond in the Hundred of Wye in the County of Kent. The migrations of the family are apparently indicated in the places to which Burke assigns the use of the coat of arms just described, namely, Langley Park, County Kent; Saling Hall and Valentine House, County Essex; and Marpole, County Devon. The latter was not far from Ilchester, County Somerset.

Captain William Raymond, of Beverly, was in the Narragansett fight in 1675; a deputy to the General Court in 1685-6; lieutenant commander of Beverly and Wenham troops in 1683; and commander of an expedition to Canada in 1690, for which he and his soldeirs subsequently received from the Crown a grant of a county of land. The wills of George and Arthur, the immediate ancestors of William in England, show that both were Protestants, but not excessively puritanic. William, of Beverly, was so influential in his church that he was able to persuade his pastor, Rev. John Hale, to accompany the expedition to Canada; but, at a time when Baptists were shunned and, more or less, persecuted in New England, he married, as his second wife, the daughter of the first Baptist minister who came to Boston, Ruth Hull. In the heat of the Salem witchcraft excitement, his son William, when a young man, testified that [p. 346] he told one who had said that another had tried to bewitch her, that "she lied." captain William married, for his first wife, Hannah, daughter of Edward Bishop. Their son William, born about 1666, married Mary, daughter of John Kettle. Their son William, born February 11, 1690, married Deborah, daughter of Benjamin Balch, and settled in Rochester, Massachusetts. Their son Daniel, born March 17, 1717, married Elizabeth, daughter of John Blackmer, and wido of Isaac Doty, and moved to Sharon, Connecticut. Their son Paul, born November 15, 1774, married Rachel, daughter of Zebulon Stevens, and settled in Richmond, Massachusetts.

George Lansing Raymond, "English Ancestors of John and William Raymond of Beverly, Mass.,"
Americana Illustrated, Vol. 12, No. 1, pp. 343-6, January 1918.


George Hervey Raymond Memoirs [1932]

HON. GEORGE HERVEY RAYMOND ... traced his descent from William1 Raymond, who came to the Massachusetts Bay Colony about 1652 and settled at Beverly, took part in the Narragansett Fight in 1675, and was a lieutenant commander of the Beverly troop, commander of a company in the Canada expedition in 1690, and deputy from Beverly to the General Court in 1685-6, whose wife was Hannah Bishop, through William,2 who married Mary Kettle of Gloucester, Mass., and was killed by an accident in 1701.

"Memoirs," NEHGR, Vol. 86, 1932, p. 97.


Walter Davis' Book, The Ancestry of Bethia Harris... [1934]

Capt. William2 Rayment (George1) was born, presumably in Glastonbury, about the year 1637, as he was stated to be sixty in 1697 and seventy-two at his death in Beverly on January 29, 1709. As he was in New England in 1651, he must have emigrated as a boy of fourteen, with his brother and sister. He, himself, testified on December 28, 1697, that he came to New England "about the year 1652." His first wife was Hannah Bishop, daughter of Edward and Hannah Bishop of Beverly, who died between 1676 and 1682. He married, second, Ruth Hull, daughter of Isaac and Sarah Hull of Beverly, who died in 1738.

William Rayment had a notable military career. After serving in King Philip's war and being in action in the Narragansett Fort fight, he was appointed lieutenant-commander of the Beverly and Wenham troop by the General Court in 1683, and in 1690 commanded a company in the Canada expedition. He was a deputy to the General Court in 1685 and 1686, and in the local government he served as selectman in 1670, constable in 1674 and as juryman in 1667 and 1676. He lived on a farm purchased from James Bette in 1662, on the side of Beverly toward Wenham.

His will, made December 8, 1705, and proved February 25, 1708/9, made very definite provision for the care of his wife Ruth. He then left legacies to William, Daniel and Paul, sons of his eldest and deceased son William, to his second son Edward, to his youngest son Ebenezer, to Hannah, only child of his deceased son George, to his eldest daughter Hannah, widow of Nathaniel Haywood, to his second daughter Abigail, wife of John Giles, to his daughter Mary, wife of Josiah Batchelder, and to his youngest daughter Ruth, wife of Jonathan Batchelder. His wife and sons Edward and Ebenezer were named executors, and his friends and cousins Cornet Lot Conant and Nathaniel Rayment oversees. (Essex Probate, 310:100.)

Walter Goodwin Davis, The Ancestry of Bethia Harris, 1748-1833... , Chapter 14, 1934.


Old Boston Families [1942]

WILLIAM1 BRYANT of Boston, born between 1643 and 1646, first appears in Boston as a servant to Capt. William Hudson, who was proprietor of the Castle Tavern which stood on Dock Square and Elm Street. This was on 28 July 1679.

"At a meeting of Capt. Elisha Hutchinson, Lt. Theophilus Frary, Deacon Henry [Allen] Lt. Daniel Turill, John Joyliffe and Capt. John Faireweather, the severall followinge were ordered to be returned to the Countie Court with a caution for securitie of the towne: Wm. Bryant, sert: to Capt. Wm. Hudson; Richard Johnson, Carpenter, at widdow Phippays; Nicho: Shepheard, Butcher, at John Ruggles; Wm. Raymant, at Tho: Beavis, Tobacconist; Alexander Johnson, at Widdow Longs; . . . Susanna Goodwine came from Salisbury, at Tho: Kembles; Thomas Burrowes at James Robinson; Peter Twist at Peter Egertons, and Thomas Swetman at Robert Peggies." (Boston Town Records, 1660-1701, p. 129.)

George Walter Chamberlain, "Old Boston Families, #6, The Bryant Family,"
NEHGR, Vol. 96, 1942, p. 321.


John Marshall Raymond's Notes on Raymond, Abbot, Jackson and Allied Families... [1962]

Detail from Hubbard's 1677 Map of New England
Detail from Hubbard's 1677 Map of New England.
North is to the right. Salem is just up and left from Cape Anne in the center.
The History of the Indian Wars in New England, William Hubbard, 1677.
William Raymond, his older brother John, and his sister Elizabeth came to New England sometime before June 1651 (see note 512), but it is hard to fix the exact time of their arrival. The court records of Salem state on 28 Dec 1697: "The testimony of William Raymond, aged 60 years or thereabouts. Testifieth and saith that I, said Raymond, came to New England about the year '52." (
Raymond, p,121) We know, however, that he did not arrive in '52---he was here at least as early as the spring of '51 (see note 512). It is generally accepted that William was of Salem in 1648 (Farmer, p.240; Felt, v.1, p.170; GDNE, v.3, p.513; An Heads). Unfortunately in the 1880's "exhaustive" research failed to turn up any original documentation of fact (Raymond, p.2). John seems first to be mentioned in American records when he was granted land in Salem 2 Apr 1653 (Salem, p.173). However, he had come to Salem earlier as about 1650 he married there (see below). No American record of Elizabeth has been found. Almost certainly William, then a lad of 11 to 14, came with one if not both of the others.

Another William Raymond is known to have been in New England in the 1630's. It is barely possible, if conjectural, that he visited Salem in 1648 and was the William Raymond mentioned of that place that year. This William Raymond came to America from Essex County, England, in 1630 or 1631. In 1622 Sir Fernando Gorges and Capt. John Mason, a London merchant, were jointly granted all the land bounded by the Merrimac and Sagadahoc rivers. Seven years later the grant was divided, Gorges taking the eastern portion, which he named "Maine", and Mason the western part, which he called "New Hampshire." Mason then formed "The Company of Laconia," and in 1630-31 this company sent a small group of men to settle at Little Harbor, now known as Portsmouth, N.H. This group representing the Laconia Company consisted of Ambrose Gibbons, William Raymond, other stewards, and forty servants. At Mason's death in 1635 his wife Ann inherited control of the Laconia Company. In 1639, finding the income from the settlement would not justify the expense, she refused to furnish supplies and the colony slowly disbanded. (Raymond, pp.1-2) William Raymond, the steward, may have left there and been in Salem in 1648.

John's first wife had died in England and was buried, according to the registry of St. Benedict's Church, Glastonbury, on 28 May 1639 (Americana, v.12, pp. 343-5) Her name was Margaret. John m. (2) Salem c. 1650 Rachel, dau of Thomas and Margery Scruggs. He m. (3) aft 1666 Judith, wid of William Woodbury Jr. (Raymond, p. 121; Upham,v.1,p.66)

William m. (1) Salem c. 1660 Hannah Bishop, and (2) 1681 Ruth, dau of Isaac Hull (Dawes-Gates,v.2,pp.704-8; Harris,p.131;Raymond, pp.121-2). William and Hannah had: William (128); Edward, bp 12 Jul 1668, m. Mary _____; George, bp 30 Oct 1670, d. bef 1709, m. 28 Mar 1698 Jerusha Woodbury; Hannah, bp 18 May 1673, m. (1) Nathaniel Hayward and (2) _____ Hutchinson; and Abigail, bp 23 Jul 1676, m. 29 Mar 1694 John Giles. William and Ruth had: Mary, b. 2 May 1682, m. Josiah Batchelder; Ruth, b. 1690, d. Mar 1747, m. Jonathan Batchelder; and Ebenezer, d. 21 May 1747, m. 6 Jan 1715 Joana Herrick. (Raymond, pp.121-2)

William Raymond, the immigrant, was a prominent citizen of Beverly, being selectman 1670,1683 and 1689, and Deputy to the General Court 1685 and 1686. As a military man he served long and well. He was a member of Capt. Lothrop's company at the capture of St. Johns and Port Royal in 1654. He was in King Philip's War in 1675, being in action at the Swamp Fight and the Narragansett Fort Fight. Tradition says that John Raymond, son of William's brother John, was the first man to enter the fort. In 1683 the General Court made William lieutenant commander of the newly-created troop of Beverly and Wenham men. He became captain in 1690 and commanded the Beverly company in the Canada Expedition. The General Court in 1735 granted a township six miles square "to Captain William Raymond, and the officers and soldeirs" under his command, and to their heirs, for their distinguished services in the Canada Expedition. The grant, however, was found to be in New Hampshire. After a further delay the General Court in 1765 gave a substitute tract in Cumberland County, Maine, and there the town of Raymond was founded on the shores of Lake Segago, named in honor of Capt. William Raymond. (Raymond ,p.121; Upham,v.1,pp.131-2; Dawes-Gates,v.2,pp.703-8; Harris ,p.131)

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Directory of the Ancestral Heads of New England Families, by Frank R. Holmes, New York, 1923 An Heads
Dawes-Gates Ancestral Lines, by Mary Walton Ferris, 1943 Dawes-Gates
A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England, by John Farmer, Lancaster, 1829 Farmer
Annals of Salem, by Joseph B. Felt, Salem, 1845, 1849 Felt
Genealogical Dictionary of the First Settlers of New England, by James Savage, Boston, 1860 GDNE
The Ancestry of Bethia Harris, by Walter Goodwin Davis, Portland, Me., 1934 Harris
Genealogies of the Raymond Families of New England, by Samuel Raymond, New York, 1886 Raymond
Town Records of Salem, Oct. 1, 1634 to Nov. 7, 1659, Salem, 1868 Salem
History of Witchcraft and Salem Village, by Charles W. Upham, Boston, 1867 Upham

John Marshall Raymond, Notes on Raymond, Abbot, Jackson and Allied Families..., pp. 74-75, 165-170, 1962.)


William's Christening Date [1971]

William RAYMOND/ Sex: M/ Christening: 11 May 1637/ Glaston, Somerset, England

International Genealogy Index, v4.01, British Isles, film #455250,
http://www.familysearch.org (17 March 2001).


Samuel Edward Raymond's Book [1972]

John Rayment Autograph
John Rayment Autograph
Sidney Perley, History of Salem Mass., v.3, p. 13, 1928.
1. John Rayment and his brother William Rayment were the original immigrant ancestors of this branch of the Raymond family. They were sons of George Rayment of Glastonbury, County Somerset, England.

The will of George Rayment of Glastonbury has been found. This will was dated 26 June 1651, and states that they had already gone to New England. One shilling is left to son John and one pound to son William, if they came to Glastonbury to get it. (Henry F. Waters AM, Genealogical Gleanings in England, III (1901))

They came to America with their sister, Elizabeth, not later than the spring of 1651, and settled at Beverly, Mass. John Rayment was granted fifty acres of land 2 March 1653.(Essex Co. Land Records (1651).) The family name of Rayment was changed to Raymond soon after arriving in America.

In 1679 he [John] and his brother, William were on a committee to settle boundary dispute between Beverly and Salem.

2. WILLIAM RAYMOND ([son of] George), married (1) Hannah Bishop, born 12 April 1646, daughter of Edward Bishop.

He married (2) Ruth Hull, daughter if[sic] Isaac Hull.

William Rayment was in King Philip's War 1675, was appointed by the General Court in 1683 as Lieut. Commander of Beverly and Wenham troops, in the ill-fated Phipps Expedition to Canada, 1690. He was deputy to the General Court from Beverly in 1685 and 1686.

William Rayment's will, dated 25 February 1708, proved 21 May 1730 mentions wife, Ruth Hull; sons, Ebenezer and Edward; grandsons, William, Daniel and Paul, sons of William, deceased; grandson, George, son of George, deceased; daughters, Hannah, widow of Nathaniel Haywood; Abigail, wife of John Giles; Mary, wife of Josiah Batchelder; Ruth, wife of Jonathan Batchelder; executors, wife Ruth and Edward and Ebenezer. (John W. Jordan, Genealogical & Personal History of Northern Pa., II (1913), 855.)

William Rayment died 29 January 1709, age seventy-two, at Beverly, Mass.

Children of William and Hannah (Bishop) Rayment all born of Beverly, Mass. (Beverly Vital Records, Northern Pa., 855.):

i. 7.William, born about 1666.

ii. Edward, baptized 12 July 1668, died 6 November 1727, age Sixty. He held following positions in church of Beverly: moderator in 1714, clerk in 1714, treasurer 1713-1716 and assessor 1716 and 1718. (Essex Institute (July 1962), 148, 149, 151.)

Will of Edward Raymond, dated 9 November 1727, proved 16 July 1733 mentions wife; brother, Ebenezer and sons of brother, William. (Probate Records, County Essex.)

iii. 8.George, baptized 30 October 1670.

iv. Hannah, baptized 18 May 1673, married Nathaniel Haywood, Jr. (Raymond Gen., 122.)

Samuel Edward Raymond and Louvera Horn Raymond,
Raymond Genealogy Volume II: Descendants of John and William Raymond, pp. 1-5.


West Country Planters [1991]

PLANTERS WHO CAME AFTER 1643 OR FROM OUTSIDE THE WEST COUNTRY.

RAYMOND, JOHN (a.1622-1703) of Salem, MA. Dawes-Gates (2:697) says he was son of George Rayment of St. John's parish, Glastonbury, Somerset who died 1651. He was in Salem, MA by 1653. Brother of William. (See Waters-984).

RAYMOND, WILLIAM (a.1638-1709) of Salem, MA. Dawes-Gates (2:703) says he came by 1652. Brother of John.

Search for the Passengers of the Mary & John, 1630 Volume 16
Supplement to Volume 14, West Country Planters, 1620-1643
, vol. 16, p. 131, 1991.


Still to Do (Any volunteers?)

Monday, 27-Jan-2003 21:44:48 MST