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Historical Context for the Immigration
of John and William Rayment

by Robert Scott Raymond
Revised 18 February 2001

In trying to answer the question as to when and why John and William (and Elizabeth) came to New England, I'm examining the context in which they came. Who were their neighbors? What connections do those around them have with Glastonbury, Charleton Mackrell, or other places close by? Who did they marry? Are there families that arrived in New England that had Raymond/Rayment connections back in England?


Theories

I have several (unproven) conjectures as to why they came to New England. They are interrelated, so several might be true.

Sources are referenced by (source number : page number). A list of source numbers is given after the Chronology.

Chronology

Date Event
abt 1590 Thomas Scruggs is born about 1590, probably in St. Sepulchre's Parish, London. (3:393-400) (Thomas' sister is later identified as Margaret Raymond. See 9 Sep 1647.)
Before 1619 Thomas Scruggs marries Margery _____ before 1619. Some time before 1619/20 he settled at Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England where he was a butcher. (3:393-400)
1622

Roger Conant sails aboard 'Ann' bound for Plymouth. Moves to Nantasket. Invited to be governor of Cape Ann station. (1:3) Roger is from East Budleigh, Devonshire or St. Lawrence, Jewry, London. (14:20,100)

1623

John Balch set out from Horton, Somerset under the leadership of Captain Robert Gorges . Roger Conant leaves Plymouth, establishes long association with John Balch to plant an agricultural haven for Puritans. (1:89)

John Balch is said to have come from Bridgewater, Somerset. (13:26)

1623 Dorchester company of England founded the Cape Ann station for fishing and for puritans. Roger Conant governor.(1:2)
Abt 1623 John Balch, Conant, Woodberry and Palfreys came to Cape Ann. (1:3) John Woodbury is said to have come from Somersetshire, in England. (13:28)
1626 Camp Ann station closed. Roger Conant, John Woodbery, John Balch, Peter Palfrey and about 26 others move to Naumkeag (Salem), petition Reverend John White of Dorchester , England for support.(1:4-5; 2:19)
1627 John Woodbery and William Trask return to England to ask aid of Dorchester Company. (1:7)
19 March 1627

Dorchester Company transfers to a group of Puritans in London and West Country merchants and noblemen all territory from 3 miles north of the Merrimac River to three miles south of the Charles River. The full name of the company is, "the New England Company for a Plantation in Massachusetts Bay." Matthew Cradock might have suggested John Endecott as Governor. (1:7)

The Council established at Plymouth for the planting, ruling, ordering and governing of New England, had, by a deed indented under the common seal, bearing date March 19, 1627, bargained and sold unto some knights and gentlemen about Dorchester, namely, Sir Henry Roswell, Sir John Young, knights, Thomas Southcoat, John Humphry, John Endicot, and Simon Whetcomb, gentlemen, that part of New England that lies between Merrimack and Charles river, in the bottom of the Massachusetts Bay. And not long after, by the means of Mr. White, the foresaid gentlemen were brouyght into acquaintance with several other religious persons of like quality in and about London, such as Mr. Winthrop, Mr. Johnson, Mr. Dudley, Mr. Cradock, and Mr. Goffe, and Sir Richard Saltonstall . (13:28-9)

"Some of the discreeter sort [of the puritans], to avoid what they found themselves subject unto, made use of their friends to procure from the Council for the Affairs of New-England to settle a colony within their limits; to which it pleased the thrice-honored Lord of Warwick to write to me, then at Plymouth, to condescend that a patent might be granted to such as then sued for it. Whereupon I gave my approbation so far forth as it might not be prejudicial to my son Robert Gorges's intersts, whereof he had a patent under the seal of the Council." Sir Ferdinando Gorge, in Mass. Hist. Coll. xxvi. 80. (13:30)

23 May 1627 Rachel Scruggs, daughter of Thomas Scruggs , baptized at Great Yarmouth. (3:400)
20 Jun 1628 The ship 'Abigail' sets sail from Weymouth, England, bringing more settlers, including John Endecott/Endicott, William Trask, Richard Brackenbury, John Woodbery, his brother William, his son Humphrey, and Thomas Scruggs. The ship arrived at Salem, Massachusetts on 6 Sept. 1628. This probably brought the number of settlers in Naumkeag to more than 50.(1:8; 11:17)
1629 New England Company letter encouraging assimilation of Old Planters, but discourage them from growing tobacco. Reverend Francis Higginson one of three ministers who came to Salem. Elected teacher of the Salem Church, Samuel Skelton, pastor.(1:10-11)
1631 William Raymond , Portsmouth. (5:240)
1633

John Raymond writes letter to Mr. Ambrose Gibbons at Newichawannock (Provincial Papers, New Hampshire, Bouton, vol. I, page 76) He mentions "Old Father Peach," who owed him 2 lb. 3 oz. of beaver. (9:159) Ambrose Gibbons was "factor" for the company of Laconia. He came to Portsmouth, N. H. in 1630; he afterwards lived in what was called Oyster river. (16:92) (Is there a connection with John Peach of Symondsbury who settled in Salem?)

1634 Reverend John White lists his associates in the venture to settle New England from 1623 to 1628, including John Connant of Lymington and John Raymond (of London?). (Our John Raymond would probably have been too young.) The list is to be found in the uncalendared Proceedings of the Court of Requests of Charles I, Bundle 64, Public Record Office, London. (4:12-14)
Feb. 1634/5 Thomas Scruggs and his wife were cited to appear before the Archdeaconry Court of Norwich, probably for failure to attend church. They did not appear, and at the following session Mrs. Scruggs was fined 7s. 8d. and costs. In the margin of the record are the words: "att New England." (Act Book, Archdeaconry of Norwich.) There was undoubtedly a religious reason for the emigration of Thomas Scruggs and his wife . (3:400)
14 May 1634 Richard Raymond becomes a freeman in Salem.(5:240; 10:444)
1635 Capn Traske, Jno Woodbery, mr Connant, Peter Palfrey, & John Balch granted 1000 acres. Roger Conant, John Woodbery, and John Balch probably move to Bass River Side soon after receiving their land grant.(1:12-13)
2 Sep. 1635 Thomas Scruggs sworn a freeman in Salem. (3:400)
1636 Richard Rayment and Judith Rayment admitted to 1st Church of Salem. (18)
1636 'Graunted to John Woodbery & John Balch & Mr Conant,  5 acres of meadow'.(1:13)
2 May 1636 Thomas Scruggs's first land grant of 300 acres was returned by him to the town in 1636, and Salem tradition states that it was the projected site of the college which was later established at Cambridge. In its stead he received a farm of 200 acres in what later became Beverly, originally granted to Capt. William Trask.(1:13,72; 3:400)
1637 William Rayment born in Glastonbury.(6:)
1637 Salem buys Connonts Salem-side house next to John Ffisk for old Mr William Plase. At this time his Bass River-side house was probably finished and occcupied.(1:14)
1639 Edward Bishop came to Salem.(1:85)
1640 William Raymond resident of Salem, or arrived in Salem, or received as inhabitant of Salem, or stated to be "of Salem." (18)
1641 John Woodbery died.(1:50)
? Peter Palfrey never settled on his grant. He sold his share to Farmer William Dodge.(1:13. 2:20)
16 April 1645 The will of Anne Coggeshall of Castle Hedingham, Essex, England states her son, John Coggeshall, was dwelling in New England; her son-in-law, Richard Raymond, was deceased, and her grandchildren by her daughter Anne Raymond were Henry Raymond, Anne Raymond (eldest daughter), John, Richard, and Elizabeth. The Visitation of Essex, 1634, Publication of the Harleian Society, vol. 13, p. 475 shows that Anne Coggeshall married Richard Raymond, son of Henry and Joane (Perry) of Much Dunmow, Essex, England. (4:557-8)
1646 Hannah Bishop born to Edward Bishop and Hannah Moore.(6:)
1648 John Balch died.(1:92)
9 Sep 1647 Thomas Scrugg's sister is identified as Margaret Raymond, widow, in the will of William Scruggs, a brother of Thomas. (3:393-400)
Spring 1651 John Rayment, William, and Elizabeth come to America. John is about 36, Elizabeth about 32, and William is about 14 years old.(1:72; 7:1)
abt 1651 John Rayment married Rachel Scruggs, daughter of Thomas Scruggs.(1:64) [Is there any possibility this might have happened in England?]
1653 50 acres of land granted to John Raymond (8:697)
24 June 1654 Mr. Scruggs died in the spring of 1654, and his widow, Margery Scruggs, conveyed land to her son-in-law, John Rayment. Roger Conant William Dodg Benjamin Baulch & John Ramant executors to Thomas Scruggs of Salem.(1:64, 72; 1:13)
1660 Edward Bishop was a constable.(1:85)
abt 1665? William Rayment married Hannah, the daughter of the elder Edward Bishop. William is 28, Hannah is 19.(1:85)
1668 William Rayment and Peter Woodbery are conveyed small lots of John Rayment 's land on upper end of Balch Street.(1:78)
1668 Beverly incorporated as a town. Previously, it was considered part of Salem.(2:15)
1670 Rodger Connant Jno Rayement & Benjamin Balch of Bass River side or otherwise Beverly, sold unto Isaack Hull 9 ackers. William Dodge, John Rayment, Roger Conant, Benjamin Balch, and Peter Woodbery sell Isaac Hull 5 acres.(1:13)
1679 Lists of the Livinge and Dead in Virginia Febr: 16th 1623.[i.e. 162xxx]: 1679. May. 23. Ann Rayment. (12:434)
1680 Lists of the Livinge and Dead in Virginia Febr: 16th 1623.[i.e. 162xxx]: Aņo: 1680. ALIST of the Inhabitants in and about the Towne of St Michaells wth their children hired Seruants, Prentices, bought Seruants and Negroes. JNo RAYMON  1 [child](12:441)

Sources

  1. The Old Planters of Beverly in Massachusetts and the thousand acre grant of 1635, by Alice Gertrude Lapham, 1930.
  2. History of Beverly, Civil and Ecclesiastical, From Its Settlement in 1630 to 1842, by Edwin M. Stone, 1843.
  3. English Origins of New England Families, vol. II.
  4. English Origins of New England Families, Vol. I.
  5. A Genealogical Register of the First Settlers of New England, 1620-1675 , by John Farmer, 1829.
  6. Ancestral File (www.familysearch.org Since this link exits to a different website, it will be displayed in a new window. ). This source is known to contain lots of inaccuracies, so the accuracy of this data should be questioned.
  7. Raymond Gen.II
  8. Dawes-Gates ancestral lines, by Mary Walton Ferris, 1931.
  9. The Real Founders of New England, by Charles Knowles Bolton, 1929.
  10. History of New England from 1630 to 1649 by John Winthrop, Esq., Vol. II, by James Savage, 1853.
  11. Scruggs Genealogy, by Ethel...Dunklin, 1912. The information on pages 17-18 list these references: Massachusetts Bay, Colony Records -- Vol I., pp. 164-175, 178, 185-212; Vol. II., p. 159; Vol. IV., p. 92; Felts Annals of Salem; Essex Hist. Col. Vol. I., p. II.
  12. Original Lists of Persons of Quality, by John Camden Hotten, New York, NY: J. W. Bouton, 1874.
  13. The First Planters of the Colony of Massachusetts Bay from 1623 to 1636 , by Alexander Young, 1846.
  14. Topographical Dictionary of 2885 English Emigrants to New England 1620-1650, by Charles Edward Banks, 1937.
  15. The Planters of the Commonwealth, by Charles Edward Banks, 1930.
  16. Ancestral Heads of New England Families, by Frank R. Holmes, 1923.
  17. Lists of Passengers and the Ships Which Brought Them - 1625.
  18. The Residents of Salem, ... up to the Year 1651, by the Winthrop Society, www.winthropsociety.org/salem.htm Since this link exits to a different website, it will be displayed in a new window. [3 January 2001].

Further research needed

Thursday, 10-Apr-2003 21:16:30 MDT