By Robert Raymond
Alonzo Pearis Raymond is the son of Pearis Raymond and the grandson of the Paul Raymond of Bristol and Lincoln in Addison county, Vermont. Alonzo lived during a time when U.S. territory would stretch further and further west until filling all the land from the east coast to the west. Alonzo pioneered areas from Vermont to California and several places in between.
Shaded information indicates events that are "out of flow" either chronologically or geographically, or the information presents historical events that place in context the events of the Raymond family.
While quotation marks are not strictly used, language and spelling is often retained from the original sources. The old abbreviation practice of dropping some letters, superscripting the final letter(s), and putting a dash or dot underneath the superscripted letters is shown herein using an apostrophe to show where letters were dropped. For example, if the word "said" is abbreviated by dropping "ai", elevating and underlining the "d" (sd), it is shown here as "s'd". The name of "the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," commonly called the Mormons, is abbreviated as "the Church of Jesus Christ" or where allowed by context, simply "the Church."
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|14 Feb 1821
||Alonzo P Raymond is born in Bristol, Vermont, the
son of Pearis and Rebecca. Several different years are given for
Alonzo's birth. It often appears that when asked his birthdate, Alonzo
reports 14 Feb 1821, but when asked his age, he gives wildly
ages! The earlier the source was created, the more credibility I give
Sources for the different years is presented below. I think that 1821
1814: In the 1870 U. S. Census, Alonzo reports his age to be 46. Kate B. Carter, 20th century author, gives 14 Feb 1814 as Alonzo's birthdate in several books. The Mormon Battalion, 19xx, p. 126; Treasures of Pioneer History, 1955, Vol. 4, p. 513.
1819: The following sources give or suggest an 1819 date.
||Saritta A. Raymond b. about 1823 in Addison Co., Vt., sister
of Alonzo. (LoganB85, p. 405.) Death records for the town
of Bristol made in 1919, specify "Abigail S." (BrisDeath)
|26 Mar 1824
||William Wallace Raymond b. in Bristol, brother of
Alonzo. (ECIF, film 1750708, "Raymond - William W. 586".)
||Nelson Raymond b. in Lincoln, Addison, Vermont, brother of
Alonzo. (LoganB85, p. 404.)
||Oscar P Raymond b. in Lincoln, son of Pearis.
|9 Jan 1827
||Clarinda Cutler, future wife
of Alonzo is born at Amboy, Oswego Co., New York to Harmon
Cutler and Susannah Barton.(ECIF, film 1750708, "Raymond - Clarinda
|20 Feb 1827||Abigail S. Raymond, daughter of P[earis] .
& R. Raymond, dies at age of 4 and is buried in Briggs Hill
|14 Mar 1827
||Oscar P. Raymond, son of P[earis] . & R. Raymond,
dies at age of 10 and is buried in Briggs Hill cemetery.
|18 Mar 1831
||Clarinda G. Raymond b. in Lincoln, sister of Alonzo. Compiled
genealogies sometimes specify the name as "Clarinda C.", but this is
incorrect as the sources cited here show. (LoganE85, p. 164A.)
Apparently, Clarinda G. never marries, so after Alonzo marries Clarinda
Cutler, there are two Clarinda Raymonds living in the same or adjoining
households. Original records specifying Clarinda C usually refer to
Alonzo's wife, not his sister.
In one 1885 record, Clarinda's sister Louisa specifies the
as "Clarinda Jeffries Raymond." (LoganSS85, p. 240.) One record
her birth information as 9 Mar. 1830, Bristol, Vermont. (ECIF, film
"Clarinda Raymond 451.")
||Thurston and James Chase and others built the 4th forge in
Bristol, which was located on the stream called Baldwin's Creek. “This
stream of water was never quite sufficient for the purpose of
manufacturing iron, especially in a dry time. But it was prudently
managed for the time it was in operation. Philo S. Warner Esq.
purchased one half and he and Thurstin Chase ran it for a few years
together and made it profitable, but it is now [ca. 1850] gone to decay
and not used.”
(Check if History of Addison County is the source.)
Baldwin Creek runs alongside the block of Chase/Raymond properties on Bald Hill. It is likely that members of both families learned the craft of milling, as several descendants are known to practice the trade in later years.
|26 Jan 1834||Adeline Hatch born in Lincoln, Addison Co., Vermont to Hezekiah Hatch and Aldura Sumner. Her mother died when she was 8. (Adeline and Alonzo's sister, Louisa, both will marry George Barber.) (Pioneer, p. unknown.)|
|9 Jan 1835
||Louisa Elizabeth Raymond b. in Lincoln, dau. of Pearis.
(No source. Check patriarchal blessing.)
Sisson Chase, a missionary of the newly established Church of Jesus Christ, arrived in Lincoln. He converted many members in that area, including Francillo and Mariam Durfee, Josephus and Melinda Hatch (Melinda was Francillo's sister), several members of Josephus' family, Lucina Roberts (the daughter of Francillo's oldest sister Polly), Royal and William R. Durfee (sons of Francillo's brother Jedediah) (Durfee).
"Josephus Hatch lived upon the farm now owned by Charles C. Dunshee. His son Jerry, a graduate of Middlebury College, became a Mormon priest." (HisAdd, p. 406)
Abram Hatch "is the son of Hezekiah Hatch and Aldura Sumner, and was born Jan. 3, 1830, in Lincoln, Addison county, Vermont, in a pleasant farm house near the foot hill of the Green Mountains. He is the fourth son of a family of five sons and two daughters. ... Abram ... had reached the age of ten years when Elder Peletiah Brown came to that section of country, preaching "Mormonism." The entire family, consisting of his grandfather and grandmother, father, mother and their children, joined the Church." (JensonBio, Vol. 1, p.359.)
|1 June 1840
|6 Aug. 1840
||Harmon Cutler took
his entire family and household effects in wagons of his own make
and started on a long journey to Illinois. The trip occupied fifty
days, the end of which found them at Nauvoo. (Cutler Memorial and
Genealogical History, compiled by Nahum S. Cutler, 1889. p. 255.)
|7 Nov 1840
||"A conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-
day Saints is held in Lincoln, Addison, Vermont. Elder Pelatiah Brown
was chosen to preside over the conference and J. S. Gleason, secretary.
President Brown opened the conference with a short lecture and prayer,
after which Brother H. Hatch, J. Houston, B. Miller were set apart for
the ministry by the voice of the Conference. They were ordained elders,
Brother A. Smith was ordained a Priest, and Brother S. Chase was
ordained a Deacon. Brother S. C. Chase [or S. A. Chase?] was chosen by
the voice of the Conference to preside over the Lincoln Branch of the
church." (Mission, pp. 144-145.)
|Fall 1840 or
|Two conflicting dates:
Abram Hatch's mother died in 1840, and in the fall of that year the family moved to Nauvoo. (JensonBio, Vol. 1, p.359.)
In August 1842 the Hatch family of Lincoln moved to Nauvoo. (Pioneer, p. ?.)
In the fall of 1840, after Abram Hatch's mother died, "the family moved to Nauvoo, where his father bought property, opened up a farm on the prairie and built a brick house on Mulholland street, in the city, three blocks east of the Temple; he died in 1841. Abram became a member of the Nauvoo Legion and served with the posse under Col. Stephen Markham and Sheriff Jacob Backenstos in 1845." (JensonBio, Vol. 1, p.359.)
|5 June 1841||Francillo Durfee was ordained to the Aaronic Priesthood by Sisson Chase. (Durfee)|
|9 August 1841
||During a conference under the
direction of John Taylor and George A. Smith, the name of
the Iowa Stake was changed to the newly reorganized "Zarahemla Stake."
John Smith remained as president with David Pettingrew and Moses
as counselors. (Reference Book for Nauvoo Family History and
Property Identification Department, Nauvoo Restoration
1990. FHL 977.343/N1 K2r. pp. 225-226. May be quoting from Journal
History for that date.) While Alonzo and the Pettigrews were
after the Mormon Battalion, I have found no evidence thus far linking
the families together in Zarahemla (near present Montrose), Iowa.
||The Nauvoo 1842 census,
probably enumerated in February, shows no Raymonds in Nauvoo. While it
is known to be incomplete, I believe it strengthens the assumption that
Alonzo had not reached Nauvoo this early. (FHL 977.343/N1 K2n v.1.)
||Alonzo P. Raymond baptized a member of the
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints by Sisson Chase and
confirmed by Isaac Houston. (Lehi, p. 39; Smith, p. 30.) His obituary
states that "while yet a boy working on his father's farm [he] was
converted to the faith of the Latter-day Saints under the ministry of
Ezra Chase and Isaac Chase and was baptized by Sisson A. Chase. He
immediately made up his mind to join the saints in Illinois and went by
boat to Buffalo, N. Y. and thence across the country to Nauvoo." (Journal, 16
Aug. 1904, p. 1.) His grandson, William Goodwin Raymond reported that
"he was the first of his family to join the Church of Jesus Christ of
Latter-Day saints. Shortly after his baptism he was determined to join
the saints in Illinois. His family tried to persuade him not to do so
but he left his home as a young man and [went to] Nauvoo." (Goodwin)
Some compiled genealogies state that Alonzo's mother, Rebecca, was baptized 7 April 1840, but this is the date Clarinda Cutler Raymond was baptized and is inconsistent with the information above about Alonzo. (Lehi, p. 30.) If Alonzo was the first to join the Church, then Rebecca was baptized in April 1842 or soon afterwards.
||Alonzo Raymond travels to Nauvoo. According to
his obituary, "his parents followed him to Nauvoo in the same year." (Journal, 16
Aug. 1904, p. 1.) Perhaps they came in the "Vermont Party," mentioned
According to Nauvoo Restoration, Inc., Alonzo was a tenant on the property at Kimball 1st addition, Block 4, Lot 53, Lot 4. (See map.)
||Residents of Nauvoo with
Bristol/Lincoln connections are:
Ebe[neze]r Durfey (2nd ward)
James Huston (2nd ward) [May have no relation to Isaac Houston]
Ezra Chase with Tirzah, Eliza, Nancy Charlotte, Dianna, (under 8:) Dudley, Newton, Juliett (3rd ward)
Residents of Nauvoo with Tiverton/Little Compton, Rhode Island connections are:
Isaac Chase (Ezra's brother) with Phebe, Clarissa, Rhoda (3rd ward)
Jabez (Ebenezer's 2nd cousin) with Elizabeth, Julia, George, Savilla, Rosanna (4th ward)
Also in Nauvoo, in the 3rd ward are:
Harman Cutler with Lucyann W, Clarinda (Alonzo's future wife), Royal J., (under 8:) Samuel B., Bengn L., Orson P. P., and Susanna. ([Nauvoo Wards] Record of members, 1841-1845, FHL film 889392, item 1.)
The Cutlers live on Kimball 1st addition, Block 6, Lot 31, just a couple of lots away from Alonzo. (Cutler, p. 28a.)
||Sometime in the summer of 1842, Sisson Chase led
the "Vermont Party" of newly converted members of the Church of Jesus
Christ to Nauvoo. (Durfee)
|11 Oct 1842
||Elder Brown arrives with a camp of fifty
Mormons from Addison County, Vt. All in good health and spirits and
well pleased with the city of Nauvoo and the country generally. ("More
Mormons," The Wasp , Nauvoo, Illinois, 15 October 1842, p. 2 as
quoted in Deaths and Marriages in "The Wasp" Newspaper, Nauvoo,
Illinois, April 16, 1842 to April 26, 1843 , compiled by Linda
Haslam, 1993, p. ?. LDS Historical Department Library, call # CL BOOK
AREA M277.7343 D2852 1993.)
I'm guessing the "Vermont Party" led by Sisson Chase and the Addison County, Vermont party with Elder Brown are one and the same.
||David Pettegrew moves family
back to Nauvoo after failure of Zarahemla community. He and son James
Phineas suffer sickness for a season until the fall of 1844. (Endure,
Vol. 3, p. 208.)
|14 Aug 1843||Peariz Raymond of Lincoln and Paul Raymond Jr. of Bristol deed property to Paul Raymond of Bristol. (BrisDeeds, v. 10, p. 312.) Pearis' might have moved to Nauvoo sometime close to this date. (Alonzo history; Journal, 11 Jan. 1916, p. 1.)|
||Alonzo Raymond tenant (renter) of Kimball 1st
addition, Block 4, Lot 53, Lot 4. (Nauvoo Restoration, Inc. Land and
Records Office records.) This location is in the Nauvoo 9th
ecclesiastic ward. (Nauvoo Ward Divisions 1842, Nauvoo Restoration,
Inc., 1971. FHL 977.343-N1 E7md.) And it is located in the Nauvoo 3rd
civil ward. A map
showing this location is available with other Raymond documents
elsewhere on this website.
||Pearis Raymond pays Nauvoo city taxes.
(Nauvoo Social History Project Master Index, Nauvoo Restoration,
Inc., 1982. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Historical
Dept. Library, CL Fiche M277.73 N3145 1982. Fiche card 5, Reference
1843 3 4946.)
|28 Nov 1843||Pearis, Rebecca, and Alonzo are all in Nauvoo and
sign the Missouri Redress petition made by the Church to congress.
All sign on page 11, which historians feel contains signatures from
residents of Nauvoo's 3rd civil ward. (The Nauvoo Journal ,
Vol. 1 1989?, No. 3/4 July/October, pp. 58-60, 80. FHL 979.343/N1 H25N)
|1 Jan 1844
||Pearis Raymond buys 100 acres in Appanoose Township (T.7N.-R.8W.), Hancock county from Robert D. Foster. He paid $1200 for 80 acres in the northeast corner of the NE quarter of section 34 as well as 20 acres, the N ½ of the NE ¼ of the SW ¼ of section 15. (Hancock County Deed Records, Vol. M, 1845, pp. 235-236. FHL Film 954600)|
||Paul Raymond, father of Pearis,
dies. According to Alonzo, his grandfather Paul Raymond
dies about 1839. (LoganB85, p. 404.) But the 1840 census shows he's
still alive and has moved from Paul Jr.'s house to Pearis's house.
And Peariz and Paul Jr. deed property to a Paul Raymond in 1843. By
the 1850 census, he is gone.
|27 June 1844
||Joseph Smith, prophet of the Church of Jesus
Christ, is killed by a mob in Carthage, Illinois. Alonzo is in Nauvoo
when the bodies of Joseph and Hyrum Smith are brought from Carthage.
(San Diego Mormon Battalion Visitors Center, Alonzo P. Raymond history.)
|22 Dec 1844||Alonzo P. Raymond is made a member of the 14th quorum of
seventy in Nauvoo. (Seventies, 14th quorum, pp. 3, 17.)
|Abt 1844||Nelson Raymond, brother of Alonzo dies, according to his brother Alonzo, 40 years later. (LoganB85, p. 405.) Might this have been in Nauvoo?|
|1 Jan 1845
||Possible marriage date of Alonzo and
Clarinda Cutler. This date may not be correct. The only source I
can find for it is one of Alonzo's pension applications from the 6
December 1887. He specifies the marriage date as First day of Jan. (or
Jun.) 1845 and the location as Council Bluffs, Iowa, which can't be so
since he wasn't in Iowa in 1845. He specifies Clarinda's death as 10
September 1862, which disagrees with Barber's journal. This source is
long after the fact and has known inaccuracies, so it is suspect.
|28 April 1845
||"A Blessing by John Smith, Patriach, upon the head of A P
Raymond son of Pearis & Rebecca, born Feb 14th 1821, Bristol,
Vermont. Br. Alonzo..." He is declared to be of the house of Levi.
(Bless45) This was probably in Nauvoo, but historical records might
shed light on where John Smith was on this date.
|27 Jan 1846
||Rebecka [sic] Raymond receives her temple endowment in the
Nauvoo temple before noon; this record says she was born Nov'r. 13,
1792 (no other info. given). (NauvWA, p. 323.)
Rebecca Pierce and Isaac Chase are sealed in the Nauvoo temple at 4:15 pm; this record (shown below) says she was born Nov. 13, 1791, but is somewhat unclear regarding her birthplace. (NauvSeal, pp. 213-214.) The mistake of placing Rhode Island as a county in New York indicates sloppy record keeping. Rebecca might have been born in Little Compton, Rhode Island, since it is accepted that her parents were born there. Or maybe her parents had already moved to New York (as it is assumed they did). Or perhaps her parents moved with the Chases from Little Compton to Colrain, Massachusetts; perhaps the ditto marks for Rebecca were added prior to Isaac's information and apply to "Coldrain," Franklin, Massachusetts.
|213 (C)||Sealings Temple Nauvoo Hancock Co. Illinois||214|
|Names||When Born||Where Born||Solemnized
|M.||D.||Y.||Town||County||State or Nation||When||M.||D.||H.||Y.|
|20 √Chase, Ezra √||Feb.||4||1796||Coldrain||Franklin||Massachusetts||A.M. Lyman||Nauvoo||Jan.||27||1.40||1844||B. Young|
||A. M. Lyman
||H. C. Kimball
According to a deed made more than four months later (5 June 1846), Rebecca is still married to Pearis Raymond at the time she is sealed to Isaac Chase. The following helps explain why she was sealed or "celestially married" to Isaac Chase while still "terrestrially married" to Pearis Raymond.
|7 Feb 1846
RAYMOND and Clarinda RAYMOND receive endowments in the Nauvoo temple.
(NauvEnd, p. 48.) This source is a 1924 transcription of early
found with the Nauvoo temple record which was subsequently annotated
with maiden names. The original record does not explicitly indicate
that the two were married. Most sources specify this as the sealing
date for Alonzo and Clarinda. Some indicate the date as the marriage
while others cite December 1845. It seems likely that Alonzo and
were endowed and sealed on this date. I haven't found any source, yet,
for the December marriage date.
|1 May 1846
||Public dedication of the
|20 May 1846
||David Pettegrew and family leave Nauvoo in
Captain Morley's company. David leads a group of fifty. (Endure, vol.
3, p. 209.)
|25 May 1846
||Harmon Cutler, having retrofitted his wagons and
in company with others loaded up his unsold worldly effects, crossed
the Mississippi river, journeyed across the State of Iowa, and located
at what is now Council Bluffs, arriving there the 16th of July. (Cutler
Memorial, p. 255.) As Alonzo's wife, Clara Cutler Raymond, is Harmon's
daughter, I assume the Raymonds travelled with Harmon's
group. Louisa's obituary says no more than that they left in 1846 and
arrived in Council Bluffs, Iowa that same year. (Journal, 11 Jan. 1916,
|5 June 1846
||Perus Raymond and Rebecca his wife deed to
Thomas Wilson of county of Schugler ... Pearis Raymond and Rebecca his
wife ... $200 ... Part of section 34 in Township No. ... 7N 8W
in NE corner ... 80 acres ... Also 20 acres N1/2 of NE1/4 of SW1/4 of
sect. no. 15. (Hancock Co. Deed Records, Vol. 20P, 1846, FHL Film
p. 487.) Is it possible that the Raymonds leave together after this
sell and still make it to Council Bluffs in time for Alonzo to
volunteer for the Mormon Battalion? I assume Pearis and Rebecca stayed
behind to sell their land and Alonzo was travelling with the Cutlers.
|16 July 1846
||Harmon Cutler and others arrive at what is now
called Council Bluffs. (Cutler Memorial, p. 255.)
||David Pettegrew reports his family arrives at
Council Bluffs on the last day of July. Brigham Young asks him to go
join the Mormon Battalion as a kind of "helmsman," or chaplain.
(Endure, Vol. 3, p. 209.) More likely than the last day of July, David
may have meant the last part of July or the last day of June
since the battalion departs on 20 July.
Alonzo likely arrives and establishes camp with the PETTEGREWs, the CUTLERs, and his brother Wallace on the Little Mosquito at a settlement called Springville. This location is not too far from the Indian mill on Mosquito Creek. See "Council Bluffs, 1846-1852."
|July? 1846|| "While at Council Bluffs Alonzo Pearis became
afflicted with what doctors said was an incurable disease and told him
he had not long to live. He was, of course, very despondent about this
and one day while sitting down to rest after walking a short
distance--for the least exertion seemed to cause him great fatigue--he
was approached by Heber C. Kimball who, putting his hand on Alonzo's
head, inquired what was troubling him. He told Heber of his affliction.
Brother Kimball then asked him why he didn't enlist with the battalion
of five hundred men who had been called for a march to Mexico in
defense of the flag of his country. This question seemed to him to be
foolish on account of his physical condition. He expressed himself to
Brother Kimball, who now told him to go and promised he should recover
and be able to make that eventful march." (Goodwin.)
"While following the Saints in their hegira [exodus] to the west, he was one of the first to respond to the call of the United States for the Mexican war and was a member of the famous Mormon Batallion. At that time he was in poor health. Heber C. Kimball promised him that he would return to his wife and parents sound and well and this prophecy was fully realized." (Journal, 16 Aug. 1904, p. 1.)
|16 July 1846||Alonzo enlists in the Mormon Battalion in Council Bluffs, Iowa Territory. He is a private in Company D with Nelson Higgins, Captain. (BattServ, A. P. Raymond; Pension, 24-Feb-1886.) The mustering grounds are close to the point that Mosquito Creek emerges from the bluffs onto the Missouri River flood plain. This is close to the current Iowa School for the Deaf in Council Bluffs.|
|20 July 1846
||The Mormon Battalion departs. Alonzo
Pearis is a private in Company D, as is Abner Chase and James P.
Pettigrew. James' father, David Pettigrew, oldest member of the
battalion, was asked by Brigham Young to go and serve as chaplain, or
as Brigham Young put it, "helmsman." He served in Company E. There are
a couple of Browns in D; I don't know if they are connected. Also in
Company D is William Dorris Hendricks, one of the youngest members of
the battalion, an Anita Wiser Raymond ancestor. (Endure, Vol. 3, p.
209.) A map
showing the route of the battalion's march is available elsewhere
on this website.
|24 July 1846
||"Fri., July 24, Rocky Port, Missouri, 5 miles
. ...Alonzo Raymond took his place on the march as he had recovered
from his illness. He believed Heber C. Kimball's promise was
fulfilled." (MorBatt, p. 18.)
"After a few days during which he rode in a wagon he was able to take his place in the ranks of the infantry and the promise of the Prophet of God was literally fulfilled. He recovered fully and upon reaching California he was a strong and vigorous." (Goodwin)
|30 July 1846
||The Mormon Battalion encamps in the woods. About
ten o’clock that night a heavy storm arises and trees are thrown down
in every direction around the camp, but not one in their camp. In the
morning they find the timber whirled around in every direction. It was
truly miraculous that no one was injured or killed. (Endure, Vol. 3, p.
|4 Aug 1846
||In his journal, David Pettegrew reports, that
"on the 4th day of August, Brothers Hyde and Taylor, Pratt and Little
came into our camp, which day and the next we drew our clothing money.
We sent forty dollars to the family." (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 209.)
|19 Aug 1846
||David Pettegrew received a letter from the
Patriarch, John Smith, saying, "Inasmuch as you have left
wife and children and all things that are near and dear to promote the
interest of the Redeemer's kingdom here on the earth, the Lord thy God
hath given his angels charge over thee; thou shalt be preserved and not
a hair of thy head shall fall by the hand of an enemy; thy life and
health shall be preserved; thou shalt return in peace to thy family;
...Therefore, I say unto thee,
fear not, neither be troubled about thy family, for they shall be
sustained. I seal and confirm all these blessings, with every desire
of thine heart, upon thee and thine, by virtue of the Priesthood vested
in me, in the name of thy Redeemer, Amen. (Signed) John Smith."
(Endure, Vol. 3, p. 210.)
|23 Aug 1846
||After Parley P. Pratt returned
from Fort Leavenworth with the advance pay received by the church on
behalf of members of the Mormon Battalion, Brigham Young spoke at
Council Point, probably near the camps of many of their families. He
explained the object of the meeting was to tell of the church's central
camp on the other side of the river and their arrangements for living.
He told them they had the privilege of living by themselves, and
attending their own herds, but if
they got into difficulty, they must not come upon [the church]
for help. His principal object in coming over to speak to them
was to induce them to unite with them [physically and financially] in
the principles of self preservation, including all business matters
pertaining to their present [financial and physical] salvation. No
people under heaven of his acquaintance would have entered the United
States Army under the circumstances their people had. "It is the
invisible hand of the Almighty that is favoring Israel. I
will tell the people here what to do with the means [thus] received and
if they fail to do it, we shall be released from our obligation to look
[If they united together,] the Bishop and High Council would
do them the favor of assisting them in expending their funds [buying
supplies at wholesale prices] and would have the privilege [and
responsibility] of waiting on them till the church got them [across the
plains] where they wanted to go. He warranted that they would get
double the goods for their means by obeying counsel to what they would
were they to have the expending of it [themselves].
|24 Aug 1846
||Pearis Raymond calls on
Dr. W. Richards at Ira Oviatt's and took Alonzo's full twenty
dollars advance pay for Alonzo's wife, who was present, and
wanted all her money as she was "capable of taking care of it herself."
Elizabeth Pettigrew wanted to collect her husband David Pettigrew's pay
as well as her son, James Phineas Pettigrew's. While she also declared
herself able to take care of it herself, the forty dollars was sent to
Harmon G. Cutler, her son-in-law, who also counseled her to take all
her money. (JH, 24
Aug. 1846. Emphasis added.)
|Pearis Raymond dies. According to family records, he dies near Mesquite River, Omaha, Nebraska. I haven't found the origin of this information. Since Pearis and his family are known to have lived on and around Mosquito Creek, Iowa, it is likely the reference is actually to Mosquito Creek. More information linking the Raymonds to the Springville Branch on Mosquito Creek is found in this history. For a map of the area, see "Council Bluffs, 1846." (LoganB85, p. 404; Journal, 11 Jan. 1916, p. 1.; SLC10, pp. 66-67.)|
|31 Aug 1846
||Alonzo is near Council Grove on march to Sante
Fe. (Pension, 18-Nov-1893.)
|23 Sep 1846
||The pioneers in Cutler's Park
begin moving to Winter Quarters. Work begins on a grist mill on Turkey
Creek at the northern end of the community.
|12 Oct 1846
||David Pettegrew's battalion group, bringing up
the rear with the sick, reaches Sante Fe. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 212.)
|30 Oct 1846
||David Pettegrew reported they marched sixteen
miles through sand chiefly, and in some places the sand was so deep
that the men were obliged to assist the team
with ropes, etc. They camped by the side of a small town with
a water-powered gristmill. David was unimpressed with the
mill's design and workmanship. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 214.)
|4 Nov 1846
||At reveille the corpse of the latest to die was
borne in silence before the lines. David Pettegrew
says that "all was silent and we were standing on an elevated
point on the banks of the river, the occasional ripple of the waters
and the barren and desolate land around us made the scenery
solemn and produced a feeling of solemnity in almost every bosom.
At this place our rations were again reduced." Already at three-quarter
rations, they were reduced to nine ounces of flour per day,
one and a half pounds of fresh meat and ten ounces of pork once in four
days. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 214.)
"While on this march of the Mormon Battalion, Alonzo Pearis, with his comrades, suffered greatly for food and water. Many died and were buried on the lonely trackless wastes over which they traveled. To deceive the wild animals, fires were built over the graves, yet some of the bodies were dug up and devoured by the wild beasts." (Goodwin)
|21 Nov 1846
||"21st—We again took up the line of march and
traveled twelve miles and encamped in a valley. Here we carried most of
our water two miles and but little of that could be got.
22nd—We traveled twenty-one miles and encamped without water.
23rd—Early in the morning by daylight we started and traveled fourteen miles. Here was a little water which a few men got to drink, but could not get enough for all to drink so we were obliged to march on further, a distance of twenty-six miles, making in all forty miles that we traveled this day and part of the night. We encamped and found some water and were glad to see it." - David Pettegrew. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 216.)
|16 Dec 1846
||The battalion reaches Tuscon. (Endure, Vol. 3,
|18 Dec 1846
||"18th—This morning we took up our march for the
Hela [Gila] River, but between us and that place was a vast desert
without water or feed for the mules. We traveled forty-five miles and
encamped without water.
19th—We started without water and traveled all day and part of the night and encamped without water. We were by this time nearly all of us so weary and fatigued that we could scarcely get along, the weather being very warm. Towards evening men might be seen lying down on the road, overpowered by fatigue and thirst. This day and part of the night we traveled fifty-two miles.
20th—We traveled eighteen miles and came to a place where some water was lying in pools from the rain, and from the dryness of the soil must have fallen a good while ago." - David Pettegrew. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 219.)
|25 Dec 1846
||Christmas day was no different than any other.
They marched for 24 miles and camped without water. (Endure, Vol. 3, p.
|31 Dec 1846
||Alonzo camps on Rio Gila. (Pension, 18-Nov-1893.)
About this time Alonzo becomes afflicted with chronic rheumatism. (Pension, 24-Nov-1885.) Philemon C. Merrill stated, "that the first indication that came to my Special Notice in the case of Alonzo P. Ramond contracting his rheumatism was some time about the 19 of January in the year of 1847 at a place cald Warners Ranch in California. There was a dredfull wind & varey coald rain Storm. The wind blew all the tents down & he there tuck a dredfull coald & it Setled in his limbs. I was Sagt of the Comand & Start? him? (illegible) guard to mount? (illegible) & he was reported to me as unfit for dutey in consequence of this he was released from duty & went on the Sick list with many others. At the Same Time the command had become almost nude in consequence of there long march and were illy prepard for a Storm of that Severity." (Pension, 31-July-1886. Underlining present in the original.)
|1 Jan 1847
||The year 1847, so significant in Mormon pioneer
history, dawned insignificantly for the battalion. They commenced the
new year by packing their knapsacks and traveling thirteen miles
through thick brush and over rough roads. They camped on the banks of
the Gila River. Rations were soon reduced to one ounce of floor per day
with two ounces of pork. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 220.)
|16 Jan 1847
||"Colonel Cooke feared a complete disaster; with
sixty miles left to go he envisioned possible
collapse for his exhausted soldiers. If indeed they toppled over
from thirst and hunger, they were rolled under a bush or rock,
their buddies pressing on. Finally, on January 16, Carrizo Creek
was reached, the men gorging themselves on the pure, cold liquid. Then,
without rest, the strongest men and teams headed back to the desert
with water for their fallen comrades." (Endure, Vol. 6, p.304.)
"On one eventful day as he [Alonzo] dragged his weary body along, he noticed a comrade who had crawled under a scrub bush apparently to die. Unable to render any help he left him there, but on reaching camp a short distance ahead he filled his canteen with water and returned to save his fallen comrade. He was in time to save him and bring him back to the camp. This man remained in Califormia and years later related this incident to a nephew of Alonzo Pearis Raymond." (Goodwin)
|22 Jan 1847
||The battalion reaches Warner Ranch. (Endure,
Vol. 6, p. 305.)
|27 Jan 1847
||"We shortly came in sight of the Pacific Ocean,
which to us was a good sight as we had performed a long and tedious
march and suffered many hardships and privations both with weariness,
hunger, thirst and cold; most of us were barefoot and our clothes were
very ragged." - David Pettegrew. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 221.)
|29 Jan 1847
||The battalion reaches the San Diego Mission.
(Endure, Vol. 3, p. 221.)
|28 Feb 1847
||Alonzo stationed at San Luis Mission U Cal
|23 Mar 1847
||The battalion reaches Pueblo de Los
Angeles.(Endure, Vol. 3, p. 222.)
|3 April 1847
and Samuel Williams are sealed by President Brigham Young at
Winter Quarters, Douglas, Nebraska. (NauvSeal, pp. 777-778.)
Some of the sealings in the record book around this time are noted
as "for time only." I assume this marriage was for "time and eternity."
|Name||When Born||Where born||Solemnized
||Prest. B. Young
|21 April 1847
||Samuel Williams moves across
the river. (WillS, p. 159.) I assume Samuel has been living in Winter
Quarters and moves back east of the Missouri. Perhaps Rebecca Pearce
Williams was already living in Springville, Pottawattamie, Iowa and
wanted to remain there.
|30 April 1847
||Alonzo stationed at Angeles Cal (Pension,
|8 May 1847
||"On the 8th day of May an express came in from
Santa Fe and from Washington, United States, bringing news from the
States, also instructions from the President
to the General, also some letters from the Church to some few
men of the battalion, by which we learned a few items concerning
the brethren and the families left back at Council Bluffs. Although the
information was but little, yet we were glad to hear from the Church."
- David Pettegrew. (Endure, Vol. 3, p. 223.)
|15 June 1847
||Near Los Angeles, Cal., Alonzo incurred an
injury to his left side by being thrown from a horse and by being
kicked. (Pension, 17-Aug-1886.)
|30 June 1847
||Alonzo stationed at Cuidad Los Angeles N Cal
|16 July 1847
||After their 2,000 mile march to California, the men of the Mormon Battalion are discharged at Los Angeles, Cal. (Pension, 24-Feb-1886; Journal, 16 Aug. 1904, p. 1.) The Pettegrews and Alonzo are anxious to go back to their families . (Midvale, p. 19.)|
|22 July 1847
||The former members of the battalion organize and
set off for the Great Salt Lake Valley. Some stayed at the Sacramento
River. About 100 pressed on towards the Great Salt Lake Valley.
"[Travelled] 140 miles and came to the sink of St. Mary's River, up
that river to the rise, thence to Fort Hall, from thence 200 miles to
Salt Lake." (Endure, Vol. 3, pp. 225,228.) "This journey was not made
without subjecting him to great dangers and hardships." (Goodwin)
|24 Sept 1847
||"Captain Lytle finds a note from David Pettegrew
in Pace's group stating they caught up with Captain Hunt on 20
September. Lytle and his company passed the Hastings Cutoff on
September 26 and ...thought the advance groups had gone that way.
Lytle's group camped a little west of the hot springs.
"When they reaced the hot springs, they learned Captains Pace and Hunt did not go on the Hastings route and were only slightly ahead." (MorBatt, p. 179.)
|29 Sept 1847
||The Lytle soldiers reached Goose Creek and found
water and good grazing for thier animals. (MorBatt, p. 179.)
|6 Oct 1847
||Lytle's group arrives at Fort Hall where they
were able to buy bacon and buckskins. All three groups are in Fort
Hall. (MorBatt, p. 179.)
|7 Oct 1847
||Captain Pace and ten men left Fort Hall for the
valley. (MorBatt, p. 179.)
|16 Oct 1847
||Alonzo, David and James Pettegrew, and the rest
of their party arrive in the Great Salt Lake Valley. They find their
families are still back on the Missouri River. They begin plans to set
out at once to join them. (APRaym;
Goodwin; Midvale, p. 19; MorBatt, p.
|17 Oct 1847
||The High Council of Great Salt Lake City decide
that because of his advanced age, Brother David Pettigrew had better
remain in Salt Lake and not try to go on to the Missouri to his family
this season. Alonzo and James P. Pettigrew decide to return East to
fetch their families. David Pettigrew will later become bishop of the
10th ward on 22 Feb 1849 and spends the remainder of his life in Salt
Lake. (JH 17-Oct-1847; Endure, Vol. 3, p. 226.)
|18 Oct 1847
||"Two days after arriving thirty-two men
from the Hancock-Sierra company, whose families were not in Salt Lake
Valley, left on October 18 to go east. The names of twenty-six men in
this group are
known: Reddick N. Allred, Elisah Averett, Jeduthan Averett, Robert
Edward Bunker, Augustus Dodge, John martin Ewell, Levi W. Hancock,
Harris Jr., Abraham Hunsaker, William Hyde, Charles Jameson, Hyrum
Andrew Lytle, William Maxwell, Levi H. McCullough, James Myler, George
James Pace, David Pettegrew, David P. Rainey, Alonzo P. Raymond, George
Luther T. Tuttle, Daniel Tyler, Joseph White." (MorBatt, p. 180. Also,
Endure, Vol. 3, p. 228.)
|[INSERT SYNOPSIS OF TRIP BACK]
||About this time the
Springville Branch suffered an episode of apostacy. A man by the name
of McCarry who professed to be some great one had converted a good many
to his kind of religion. It appears that he understood the slight of
hand, the black art, or that he was a magician or something of the kind
and had fooled some of the ignorant in that way. Several were drawn in
to strange delusions in some unaccountable way that was a mystery and a
misery. As soon as the said McCarrey saw that he was found out in his
devilment he made his way to Missouri on a fast trot. The following
were charged and cut off from the church, but repented and were
restored by baptism. All continued faithful afterwards. (Whipple, pp.
1 Dec 1847
|Samuel Williams' long-
time friend, Nelson Wheeler Whipple, arrives from Garden Grove and
finds Samuel comfortably situated. His boys and Wallace Rament had just
returned from Missouri with some hogs and other property they had
earned in St. Joseph or thereabouts. Nelson stays the night and
appreciates the kind treatment from the Williams. The next morning
Nelson finds a place in the hollow on Little Mosquito Creek to build
his house. This occurs about two weeks plus a day or two prior to the
return of Brother Edward Bunker from the Mormon Battalion. (Whipple,
|2 Dec 1847
son of Harmon & Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler born Springville
Potawatamie Co Ioway. (SLC10, p. 66.)
|18 Dec 1847
||Members of the Battalion arrive in Winter
Quarters about sundown. They had made the journey from
Salt Lake Valley to the Missouri River in two months. Some of the
company found their families in Winter Quarters, while others were
in Council Bluffs or Mt. Pisgah. Alonzo found his family all
well, but anxious to be on their way across the plains. The soldiers,
although respectable, were unavoidably dirty and ragged, yet
they found a warm welcome from their people and Mormon authorities.
From De Los Angeles to Kanesville the way they traveled was
hundred miles. Their four-thousand mile journey was over. (Endure,
Vol. 3, p. 228; APRaym ; Goodwin.)
|27 Dec 1847
||Brigham Young is sustained as the president of
the Church of Jesus Christ in the new log tabernacle in Kanesville.
("Winter Quarters: Church Headquarters, 1846-1848," Ensign ,
Sept. 1997, p. 51.) President Young acknowledges and welcomes back the
members of the Battalion.
|"We lived through the winter very comfortable
allthough our food was not of the most delicate. But we had enough of
it. It consisted mostly of corn bread and
bean porrage or pottage. The corn we had to grind by hand in
a little mill of Bro. Lishes. This was rather tedious, but we had
but very little else to do except go to meetings, parties, visit our
friends, and so on." (Whipple, p. 74.)
"During this winter a large house was built at Kainsville for holding meetings in and all were called to do something towards it. I made the sash for the windows and worked one day on the house. After it was finished their was held in it what they called a Soldiers Jubilee for the Mormon Battalion who had just returned from California. They had a high time." (Whipple, p. 75.)
|2 Jan 1848
||Samuel Williams is a High Priest
in the Springville Branch, Pottawattamie Co., Iowa. (WillS, p.
The High Priests of the Springville Branch for 1848-1851 are Joseph Mecham, Samuel Williams, Thomas Barisess?, Daniel Stanton, John Stevens, William Woodland, Joseph S. Siske(Fish?), Benjamin Ellsworth, Isaac Houston, Joseph Grover, Elijah Wilson, William A(H?). Histon(Heston?), Thomas A Curtiss. (Pottawatomie Co. Iowa High Priests Record, 1848-1851. Original in Historian's Office. 1939. Pages 4,8. FHL Film 7794 item 2.) Ezra Chase and Sisson Chase live in the Highland Grove Branch. Isaac Houston confirmed Alonzo when he was baptized back in Vermont. Sisson Chase baptized him.
About this time, Samuel Algar accuses Joseph Meekham, the Springville Branch president, of lying and other things and got up a kind of fuss through which he was set aside and Samuel Williams is appointed to the place. Father Williams calls Nelson Whipple and Joseph Lish as his counselors. As Bro. Williams is sick a good deal of the time, Nelson attends to much of the business. (Whipple, p. 71.) Nelson served until he left the Springville Branch (probably in the Spring of 1849 when he moved next to the Coons on the emigration road). He was replaced by Bro. George Tiffany. (Whipple, Anor pp. 39,40,42.)
Members of the branch may have included: (men) Nelson Wheeler Whipple, Samuel Williams, Samuel Williams' boys, Wallace Rament, Joseph Lish, Numan Williams, Joseph Meekham, Samuel Algar, Haward, Sisson A. Chace, Daniel Stanton, Sylvanus Colkins, John Atchison, Eldridge, Jonathan Haywood, Harmon Cutler, (women) Lucy Stanton, Haward, Widow Pulsipher and daughter, Meriah Atcherson, Harriet Stanton, Carline Stanton, Constanza Stanton, Mrs. Sisson A. Chase, Seien A. Chase (a mother upwards of 60 yrs. old), Harmon Cutler's girls. (Whipple, pp. 69-73.)
|20 Jan 1848
||Samuel Williams signs petition for a post office
in Pottawattamie, Iowa. (WillS, p. 21.)
|5 May 1848
||Samuel Williams and probably Rebecca move into
their new house. (WillS, p. 159.)
|6 April 1848
||General Conference of the church
was held in the Kanesville tabernacle. (Route from Liverpool to
Great Salt Lake City ..., Frank Piercey, Franklin
D. Richards-pub., James Linforth-ed., Frank Piercy-ill., p.
|29 Dec 1848
||Alonzo's first child, Mary Elizabeth Raymond,
born at Council Bluffs, Iowa. (Lehi, p. 12; LoganS85, p. 289.) Family
group records indicate 1849, but this may be because the Lehi record is
hard to read.
|May - June
|At the request of the U.S. Indian agent, those
left in Winter Quarters (many have gone West) go back across the
Missouri to Kanesville and other settlements.
||Gerua, sister of Nelson Whipple is sick all
summer with the dropsy and canker and suffers much. She dies in
September and was buried in the grave yard on the hill at a point of
timber near Nelson's house. A man named Jeffs is struck by lightning at
this place and instantly killed. (Whipple, Anor p. 39.)
||Clarinda G. RAYMOND is baptized into the Church
of Jesus Christ according to a report from her sister, Louisa RAYMOND
BARBER in 1885. (LoganE85, p. 164A.) Another record says she was
baptized 29 Jun 1851. (ECIF, film 1750708, "Clarinda Raymond 451".)
This second record is a transcription of a transcription of a record
supposedly made at the time, but I am thus far unable to locate the
original record. (I have searched FHL films 26675, 26642, and 26851.) I
think Clarinda G. was probably first baptized in 1848 or earlier.
|The winter was very severe for six weeks. The
frost flew in the air every day and the snow was about two feet deep. A
man could not go very far without freezing. The saints helped one
another. Bro. Perry DURFEE lent Nelson WHEELER a team and driver to
haul his wood that winter. He did not charge for it, neighter would he
take anything. They held dancing parties in the branch school house. On
14 February 1848 about 20 of them enjoyed themselves first rate.
(Whipple, Anor p. 39.)
|6 Dec 1848
||Alonzo's brother, William "Wallace" RAYMOND
marries Almira CUTLER. ("History of Amina Ann RAYMOND STEPHENS," Eric
K. EMFIELD, 2002. Available elsewhere on this website.)
|17 Apr 1849
||Zecheriah, son of Harmon and Lucy Ann PETTEGREW
CUTLER born Springville Potawatamie Co Ioway. (SLC10, p. 66.)
|31 May 1849
||Rebecca PEARCE WILLIAMS' son-in-law, Samuel Eli
WILLIAMS, obtains a marriage license while living in Springville,
Pottawattamie County, Iowa. Samuel WILLIAMS performs the marriage of
Samuel Ely to Mary GALOWAY on 3 June 1849 at the GALOWAY house in
Springville Branch. (WillS, p. 21.) Samuel E. WILLIAMS buys Nelson
WHIPPLE's old house at the head of the hollow on the prairie. (Whipple,
Anor pp. 38-39.)
||The potato rot frost made its appearance in that
area and destroyed nearly all the potatoes that season. (Whipple, Anor
|21 Nov 1849
||Amina Ann Raymond, daughter of W'm Walice and
Almira Raymond born at Springville, Potawatamie Co., Ioway. (SLC10, p.
66.) Harman Cutler's daughter Lucy Ann is
also born in Springville, so he and his family probably live
close to William Wallace Raymond. (SLC10, p. 67.)
||William Wallace Raymond is rebaptized by Samuel
Williams. (Lehi, p. 38.)
|A great many social parties are held which made
the winter pass off quite agreeably. (Whipple, Anor p. 40.)
||Nelson Whipple recounts, "I was fully employed
gunsmithing and getting some money as I had nothing towards an outfit
for a journey of a thousand miles and I did not think of going to the
Valley that season. But to my surprise, as I was out of doors one
morning a man, Alonzo Rament, was passing the house, asked me if I was
going to the Valley that summer. I answered, No I have not team nor
anything else towards an outfit. Says he, as he passed on in a hurry, I
will let you have one good yoke of oxen towards a team if that would do
you any good. I hallored after him and said if he would do that I would
be sure to go. He said I could depend upon his word for the oxen. I
went into the house and told my wife and we made preparations from that
hour to go that summer." (Whipple, Anor p. 40.)
Those who emigrated early in the season depended on corn to feed their horses on the plains. It was quite remarkable that this spring there is very little corn that would grow. Throughout the country, very little corn would sprout. This made the price increase from 50 cents per bushel to two dollars and a half until the early eimgration had passed. (Whipple, Anor p. 41.)
|28 May 1850
||Samuel Williams and family depart for the
valley. (WillS, p. 22.) With him in the David Evans company are Mrs.
Samuel Williams, Alonzo P Raymond, Phineas Pettigrew and wife, and
several members of the Hatch family. (Plains)
According to the Mormon Pioneer Overland Travel (1847- 1868) Database (Plains), members of the David Evans company include
Other families in the company were Bair (Belinda Jane, Catharine Elizabeth, John, Lucinda Amanda, Lucinda Owens, Lola Ann, Louise Marie), Ballinger, Barows (Ethan), Buys (Edward), Campbell (Rosette), Clyde (George W., William Morgan), Coleman (Elizabeth, George, Martha Jane, Prime, Rebecca, Sarah Thornton, William), Earl (Sarah, Sarah Syphers, William), Evans (Abigail, Amanda, Barbara Ann Ewell, David, Henry, Joseph, Martha, Sarah, Susannah), Ewing, Farrer (Margaret, Mary, Mary Stubbs, Roger, Roger Jr., Thomas), Fawcett (George William, Hannah Isabel, Jane Corner Smith, Nephi Robert, William), Field (John, Susannah Cooper), Hall (Edward, Mary Ann, Nancy Eleanor Ballinger, Sarah Jane), Hinckley (Eliza, Eliza Jane Evans, Ira Nathaniel, ancestor of Church president Gordon B. Hinckley), Judd (Joel), McArthur (Emeline), McGary (Charles, Charlotte Earl, Eliza Melissa, Ellen, James, Jane, Sarah, William Henry), McKinney, Millet (Joseph), Phelps, Rose, Smith (Ann Coleman, Caroline, Joseph Johnson), Stowell (Hannah, William Rufus Rogers), Thornton (Charlotte), Whipple (Mary, Miranda, Nelson Wheeler, Susan Jane). (Heart, pp. 396-455; Plains.) William Wallace Raymond and Harmon Cutler and their families remain in Springville.
Samuel Williams household crosses the plains, including Rebecca, Clarinda, and Louisa. (Journal, 11 Jan. 1916, p. 1.) "[Louisa], a native of Vermont, came to Salt Lake City with her parents in her early childhood, her father, Pierce Raymond, dying on the plains before arriving at the end of his journey, and, after a life of beneficent usefulness, she [Louisa] now resides at Logan at the age of sixty-fix years, being the mother of eight children." (Progressive Men of Bannock, Bear Lake, Bingham, Fremont, and Oneida counties, Idaho , A. W. Bowen & Co., 1904. Page 30. FHL Film 362668.)
Biographies or autobiographies are available for the following members of the David Evans 1850 Company:
||After Samuel Williams leaves
the Springville Branch, he is replaced as branch president by George
Tiffany. After a time Harman Cutler serves as branch president. He was
the last, as the branch was afterwards merged with the Carterville
Branch. (Whipple, Anor p. 42.)
|9 June 1850
||Nelson Whipple recorded, "Having
made the best arrangements I could for the trip, made my wagon,
laid in my flour meal, bacon, candles, sugar, coffee, tea, clothing,
etc., etc., on the 9th day of June 1850, we set out for the
Great Salt Lake Valley, the place we had long desired to see.
"My team was one yoke of good little oxen, loaned me by my friend Alonzo P. Rament, and one yoke of cows, a tenatable light wagon, and a very good fitout for the journey. My cows had never been yoked before and did not go very well of course, but they soon got learned, so I could drive them without leading.
"My fitout I made all in the spring of '50, not having anything towards it three months before. The first night we stopped at Bro. Tiffanys, 4 miles from where we started from." (Whipple, Anor p. 42.)
|10 June 1850
||"The next morning we bid goodbye
to our friends that were going back, and went on down the river to a
place called Bethleham, and camped to await the arrival of others and
to be organized for traveling, etc.
"Brother Tiffany went a long ways with us and when he turned to go back our feelings were such that we could not bid him goodby, but he knew our feelings, for he felt the same.
"The company that left Springville when I [Nelson Whipple,] did were: Samuel Williams, Samuel E. Williams Jr., Numan B. Williams, Mary Williams, wife of S. E. Williams, and [Rebecca Pearce Raymond Williams,] the second wife of Samuel Williams Sr. Jeremiah Hatch and family and two sisters, Lorenzo D. Hatch, Abraham Hatch, Phinias Pettegrew (Alonzo's friend from Battalion days) and wife [and] Alonzo Rament." (Whipple, Anor p. 42.)
|12 June 1850
||"In a few days, Bro. O. Hyde and
Bro. Joseph Young and some others came down and examined our
wagons and our fitouts, organized us into 10's, 50's, 100's,
appointed captains, etc. Bro. David Evans was captain of the
first 50 and John Blair of the 2nd 50. There were 105 wagons in
all." (Whipple, Anor p. 42.)
Lorenzo Hill Hatch and brothers Jeremiah and Abram cross the Missouri River with three wagons, five yoke of oxen, seventeen cows, clothes, tools, and provisions for their outfit. Jeremiah has a wife and two children. His sister Elizabeth travels with him. Lorenzo, Abram, and their sister Adeline travel together. They travel in the company of Captain David Evans. (LHatch, pp. 12-13.)
"We crossed the river very well without accident, except an old cow that was fool enough to jump over board and came near upsetting the boat and caused us to drift down stream a long ways below the landing, but we tied up and got ashore.
"The Omaha Indains were about there very plenty and some were afraid of them, but they manifested no disposition to do anybody any harm or their property.
"We went 6 miles from the river and camped on a small creek where the mosquitoes were so thick they like to run us all crazy.
"On that night the cholera appeared among us. One Joe Millet that was with the Hatch boys was taken sick about dark and was very bad through the night. But nobody seemed to take much notice of him and did not know what ailed him." (Whipple, Anor p. 43.)
|13 June 1850
||"The next morning he [Joe Millet] got pretty
near over it and we went on for several days." Nelson Whipple.
(Whipple, Anor p. 43.)
|15 June 1850
||The Bishop David Evan's Company starts for Utah
after being organized. The cholera soon broke out in
camp. (Evans, pp. 51-52.)
|"As we passed along, the great number of new
graves by the roadside was truly astonishing. We met scattering
remnants of [California] companies going back as so many had died. The
few that was left had turned back for home, thinking that they had got
quite enough of gold hunting." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor
"People were stricken down on every side." Barbara Anne Evans, wife of David Evans. (Evans, pp. 51-52.)
"We had not gone far before we saw a grave with the name of Charlott Thornton on the head board. A young woman with which we were all acquainted. We soon came to a camp where two or three had died. One the wife of D. B. Dilley.
"At this many were much alarmed, but this did no good. For we had to face the cholera if we turned back. And if we went on we could run away from it." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor p. 43.)
|"After traveling a day or two we
came to the old Paunee Willage on the South side of the Platt
river. Here we stopped early in the afternoon and Samuel Williams
and his brother and myself went to examine the Village and get
some wood for the night.
"Their wigwams or houses were built quite substantial of cedar wood [that] they had floated down the Platt from Grand Island, a good many miles above. There was not timber in sight of the Village. There were pieces of ground that they had cultivated and raised much corn, but had no fences. There were large holes, like wells dug into the sandy soil where they had deposited their corn. The Indians were all gone having been driven away by the Sioux Indians.
"While we were looking about I began to feel cold and a deathly feeling came upon me. I got two small sticks of [fire] wood and started for camp, a distance of perhaps forty or fifty rods, but before I got there I dropped my wood and made my way the best I could for the wagon, and when there I told my wife that something ailed me and I thought it was the cholera.
"She was alarmed at this of course and thought she should be left a widow in short order. She asked me if she could do anything for me. We had a wooden match box full of some kind of pills. I told her to give me some of them. She gave me the box and I took one half of them at once and had Father Williams come and administer to me with some others and for a few hours I suffered much. But after that I seemed to feel alittle better and told my wife I would take the balance of those pills and did so. ... Through the night, I was so restless that I could not lie in one position a single minute, but rolled and tumbled in the wagon. And finally that was not big enough. I got out upon the ground and rolled there for hours."
"In the morning I was comfortable again."
"At the time I was the worst the day before, Mr. Robert G. Williams, a brother of Phinius Pettegrew's wife, was lying in the wagon next ours. He had the cholera and died. I saw him breathe his last, but it did not alarm me at all as to my situation and I do not know as I thought of dying while I was sick. In the norming I was able to letter a tomb board of cedar that Bro. P. Pettengrew had shaved out in good style for that purpose."
"After I had the cholera we passed on day after day. We saw many graves of the California emigrants and of many of our people that had started before us." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor pp. 43-44.)
|27 June 1850
||Eliza Jane Evans Hinckley, wife of Ira Hinckley
and #1 child of David Evans, passes away leaving
a baby daughter. (Evans, p. 18.)
"There were five deaths in our company, my husband's oldest daughter, Mrs. Ira Hinckley, was one among them. That was a trying time." Barbara Anne Evans. (Evans, pp. 51-52.)
"There were some 5 or 6 died of this disease in our company on the forepart of our journey, the names of which I will give as far as I can remember: Cholette Thornton, Sister D. B. Delley, Mr. Robert G. Williams, Miss Emeline McArthur, Sister Hinckley, wife of Ira Hinckley, and daughter of Bishop David Evans." (Whipple, Anor p. 44.)
||"The [discarded] property on the plains this
year was enormus in consequence of the much sickness and so many
starting out that knew [nothing] about what they needed on such a trip
or how they could along best. I am speaking of the gentiles. Wagons,
wagon irons, axes, guns, chains, beds, shirts, quilty, paints, tools of
almost every description, kegs, barrels were strewn along in great
abundance." (Whipple, Anor p. 45.)
||"Nothing of note occurred until we got near the
south fork of the Platt where one of the oxen of
Bro. A. P. Rayment's that I had, lay down while traveling along
and died in five minutes. This left me in a bad situation as
there were very few spare cattle in the company.
"For a few days Bro. Rament put on another yoke of his oxen but soon found his load too heavy to spare any team and the Captain took a cow of Ethen Burrows that was able to work and let me have her to work with the other ox for quite a long distance until we got up to Scotts Bluffs where one night as I was on guard an ox came limping into our camp. I took him and tied him up and in the morning examined him but could see nothing the matter of his front foot, but he walked quite lame.
"Captain Evans told me to take him along to a trading post that was a short distance ahead and trade him for a cow or something that would help out for a team. I did so and got for the ox, a cow, and put her into yoke and worked her on for about 300 miles when her feet got very sore and I put her into the loose herd and Bro. Evans let me have a two year old heifer until we got to the Valley.
"The feet of all the cows got very bad. I used to throw mine down and clean out the dirt and gravel and cloth and tar and nail on sheet iron shoes. Those would stay on about a week when I would have to do the same thing again." (Whipple, Anor pp. 44-45.)
|"I had heard of the vast number of buffaloes
along the Platt, so that the teams could hardly get
along for them but we did not see anything of the kind. Some
few were seen along the road and one or two killed, but they were
very wild and hard to catch." (Whipple, Anor p. 45.)
|"We experienced some of the most terrible storms
along the Platt, that I had ever known in any country. But we received
no particular damage by them. Very few cattle died out of the company
and the health of the people was
good, after we got away from the cholera, which was about 200 miles
from the Missouri River." (Whipple, Anor p. 45.)
|"We had, generally, peace in the
camp and very little difficulty or contentions. After we passed
the South Pass, as it is called, the Captain told his company
that if they felt like dancing to dance and enjoy ourselves as
he felt as though we were delivered from under the hands of our
enemies who would not have the power to abuse us as they had before
done." (Whipple, Anor p. 45.)
||"Had it not been for that [horrible disease,
cholera], we should have had a pleasant journey. After we arrived at
Laramie, we all enjoyed good health." Barbara Anne Evans.
(Evans, pp. 51-52.)
"We had some cases of cholera and buried five or six of our numbers. However the trip was a pleasant one." Lorenzo Hill Hatch. (LHatch, p. 13.)
|13 Sep 1850
||"While we were on the Sweet Water we met Ansen
Call and others who told us to take the new road that was called the
Golden Pass which turned up [passed up?] the
Weber River from the mouth of Echo Canyon and over into Parleys Park
and down Parleys canyon. What his object was in telling us to go that
way, I do not know. But the road was almost impassable, much worse, we
were told, than the other way. But notwithstanding, we got over and on
the night of the 13th of Sept. 1850 we came down Parleys canyon into
the Valley or near it and camped.
"I was wet to my hips as I had to lead the heifers on the lead and wade at every crossing, what was not a few. After we had camped late in the night they got up a dance and those that felt like dancing joined in. But I did not, but went to bed anxious for morning to come that I might see what was before me." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor pp. 45-46.)
|14 Sep 1850
||"In the morning I walked up the bluff or bank at
the mouth of the canyon to look about. The first thing I noticed was a
good lot of snow on the vast mountains on the east of the Valley. I
next began to look for Grat Salt Lake City, as I was told I could see
it from that point. I discovered something at a distance of about one
mile to the north that looked like a few low huts or cabins which I
supposed must be the City, or a portion of it. I saw a small part of
Great Salt Lake and the islands in it which all looked barren and
dreary and desolate.
"The whole view had the most lonely and isolated appearance that could be. My feelings were the most singular that I ever had when reflected for a moment on the condition of a handfull of people here located at least one thousand miles from all civilized inhabitants in this steril and desolate region of the Rocky mountains, to sustain themselves and become an independent nation which I knew they had to do some where in these mountains.
"After pondering here awhile alone I returned to camp. They were hitching us to start, some for the City, and some went south and some went and scattered and I never saw all of them again. Father Williams, Alonzo Rament, Samuel Williams and myself, and some others went to the City.
"I found on going to the City that it was about 6 miles from where I took my first view of it, instead of one or two as I had supposed. As we went towrds town things began to look more cheering. We passed where Brigham was building a grist mill at the mouth of Parleys canyon. Here there were houses and gardens and to our astonishment all vegetation was as green as ever when two nights before in Parleys Park ice was near one inch thick in the morning.
"As we passed along we had to go through what was called the Big Field or piece acres where we saw corn and potatoes in abundance and some wheat that was not cut yet, although it was the 14th of September. This encouraged us seeing that things would grow here to sustain man and beast.
"When I had fairly got into the City I looked upon the adobe buildings as mean, temporary mud houses which they had built to serve till they could do better. ... [I went] to Bro. Pettegrews where Father Williams and the rest had stopped." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor p. 46.)
|15 Sep 1850
||David Evan's Company arrives in the Great Salt
Lake Valley. (Evans, p. 52.)
"We were just three months on our journey across the plains, a long tedious time of it as every one well knows that has crossed those plains with ox teams or hand carts, as many have done. Our provisions held out well and our cows gave a little milk all the way, and in short we got along very well, I suppose. But it was the hardest three months of my life." Nelson Whipple. (Whipple, Anor p. 45.)
The Hatches arrive the 17th of September 1850. Jeremiah is very sick when they arrive, but he soon recovers. The Hatches remain together and rent a house in the Third Ward, cut some hay in the Big Field, and get a lot in the 10th Ward. Lorenzo is rebaptized and commences anew to keep the commandments of God. They go to work and build a house 32 x 16 feet, one and a half stories high in the winter of 1850-51. (LHatch, p. 13.)
Abram Hatch crosses the plains in 1850 with his brothers and their families. They would spend that winter in Salt Lake City. (JensonBio, Vol. 1, p.359.)
|29 Sep 1850
||Alonzo P Raymond [re-]baptized in the
Salt Lake 10th ward by David Fairbanks, bishop of the 1st ward. This
day Bishop Fairbanks also [re-]baptizes James P. Pettegrew, David
Evans, Bashary A Evans, Lorenzo H. Hatch, Ryrena Ewell, Emma Evans,
Daniel S Thomas, Martha Thomas, Malinda Loverage, John Mower, Alexander
H Loveridge, Charity Lewis, James P Terry, Hannah Terry, Sarah An
Mower, Elisha Faebon. (SLC10, p. 39.)
||Alonzo P. Raymond pays $7.00's labor in
tax to the building of a school house in the 10th ward. (SLC10, p. 42.)
||In the 10th ward, block 25 is the public square.
On block 26, J.P. Pettegrew lives on lot 6, Daniel Tyler on 7, and
David Pettegrew on 8. A. P. Raymond lives on block 30, lot 4.
His neighbors are D. Thomas and John Cheany. (SLC10, p. 44-45.)
|2 Nov 1850
15 Nov 1850
Meanwhile, back in district No. 21, Pottowatamie. Co., Iowa on 2 Nov 1850 Luke Johnson's 1850 U.S. Census enumeration records the Samuel Williams household, including his wife, Rebecca, and Samuel's son, Newman, and Rebecca's daughters, Clarinda and Louisa. Since Nelson Whipple's journal shows that Father Williams and household were in Utah at this date, I assume that friends, relatives, or neighbors provided the information.
Likewise, on the 15th his enumeration includes the families of Alonzo Pearis Raymond and William Wallace Raymond, even though Alonzo's family had already gone. Wallace probably reported the information for Alonzo's family. Since the data collected is supposed to reflect the official census date of 1 June 1850, perhaps Alonzo's departure was not until after that date. Or perhaps Luke Johnson was under the understanding to include any person who had resided in the enumeration district during the year. For transcriptions of these census entries, see "The Paul Raymond Family in the 1850 Census".
|31 Dec 1850
||Rebecca Williams has a dropped letter in the Great Salt Lake City post office. (DesNews, 11 Jan. 1851, p. 190.)|
|1 Jan 1851
||A list of the members of the 10th ward includes
the following and their families: David Pettegrew, James P. Pettegrew,
Lorenzo H. Hatch, Jeremiah Hatch, and Alonzo P. Raymond. Alonzo's
household includes himself, Clarinda, and Mary E. Raymond. (SLC10, pp.
|30 Jan 1851
||Alonzo's second child, Susannah Rebecca Raymond,
born at Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah. (LoganS85, p. 289.)
Family records sometimes give the year as 1850. This is not correct as the 10th ward membership list taken 1 Jan 1851 only includes the first child, Mary E. (SLC10, p. 50.) Further, Alonzo's 1850 census Iowa enumeration excludes Susannah and when he is enumerated again in Utah in 1851, Susannah is 3 months old. Thus, Susannah was probably born after 1 Oct 1850. Family records often give the birth date as January or June. The June date must be incorrect because Susannah Rebecca is blessed on 6 April 1851. (SLC10, p. 37.)
|30 Mar 1851
||Lucy Ann Pettegrew
Cutler, daughter of Harmon & Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler, born in
Springvielle Potawatamie Co Ioway. (SLC10, p. 66.)
|6 April 1851
||Mary Elizabeth and Susannah Rebecca Raymond,
daughters of Alonzo P. and Clarinda Raymond are blessed in the Salt
Lake 10th ward by Bishop [David] Pettegrew and
Daniel Tyler. Bishop Pettegrew also blesses Wm. Williams Pettegrew,
son of James P. and Seline Pettegrew. (SLC10, p. 37.)
|27 Apr 1851
||Elyszibeth L [Louisa Elizabeth] Raymond is
rebaptized in the 10th ward by Daniel S Thomas and confirmed by David
Pettegrew and Daniel Tyler. She is reported to have been born in
Briston [Bristol], Ver, Jan 9 (or 2, it's hard to read), 1835. (SLC10,
The 1850 U.S. Census is not taken in Utah (or Deseret)
Territory until 1851. Samuel Williams household includes Rebecca,
Clarinda [G.], and Louisa ( or ).
Alonzo's family now includes Susannah, a new addition to Alonzo's
family, at 3 months old ( or ).
For transcriptions of these census entries, see "The Paul
Raymond Family in the 1850 Census".
|1 Jun 1851
||Samuel Williams is sealed to a third wife,
Henrietta Nelson by Brigham Young in the Presiden't Office. (WillS, pp.
|29 Jun 1851
||Clarinda [G.] Raymond is baptized by Seth Taft
and confirmed by J. Gibson and J. Oakley in Salt Lake. Clarinda's birth
information is listed as 9 Mar. 1830, Bristol, Vermont. (ECIF, film
1750708, "Clarinda Raymond 451".) Seth Taft is the bishop of the Salt
Lake 9th ward. Thirty-five years later, Louisa reports that Clarinda G.
Raymond was baptized in 1848. (LoganE85, p. 164A.) If that is true,
then Clarinda's baptism of this date was a rebaptism.
Rebecca Williams is rebaptized and reconfirmed the same day by the same individuals. Rebecca's birthdate is listed as October 1791 and the place as Sangersfield, New York. (ECIF, film 1750726, "Rebecca Williams [Card #]378".)
|13 July 1851?
||The ward met at the school house. A motion was passed to declare the sale of the land in the ward farm by Alonso Rayment as null and void. (SLC10, p. 62.) The record doesn't state why the transaction would be rejected. Assuming Alonzo was in Midvale by the winter of 1851, this attempted sell may mark the time when Alonzo began his move.|
|31 July 1851
||Rebecca Williams, wife of Samuel Williams,
passes away from "palsy" and is buried in the Salt Lake City cemetery.
( [Salt Lake City] Cemetery Records, [Interment?] Book A , p.
5, 1851, #132. FHL Film 1299167.)
||"Having spent the winter in Salt
Lake City, Abram [Hatch] moved to Lehi, Utah county, in 1851,
and assisted to build a grist mill at the mouth of American Fork
canyon. ...He made his home in Lehi till 1867 and assisted materially
in the development of the place." (JensonBio, Vol. 1, p.359.)
||"On his return to Utah he [Alonzo P. Raymond]
lived at Salt Lake City for a while and later had a home at Jordan and
at Lehi for eight or ten years." (Journal, 16
Aug. 1904, p. 1.)
Alonzo and James P. Pettigrew arrive in Salt Lake with their families. They stay for about a year before pioneering the area that would become known as Midvale, Utah. (Midvale, p. 19.) At the time, Midvale was known as East Jordan.
The first people to settle present day Midvale knew each other in Nauvoo, Illinois in the early 1840's: the Pettigrew, Raymond and Cutler families. Harmon Cutler married Lucy, the daughter of David Pettigrew, Alonzo P. Raymond married Clarinda, the daughter of Harmon Cutler. His brother, William W. Raymond, married Almira, sister of Clarinda Cutler. (See, "Relationships among the Raymonds, Cutlers, and Pettegrews.") In the fall of 1851, Alonzo P. Raymond and James P. Pettigrew moved their families to the east side of the Jordan River (part of the West Jordan precinct, even though it was on the east side of the river), thus becoming the first settlers of what is now known as Midvale. (Midvale, p. 19.)
According to the records, the Pettigrews and the Raymonds were the first and only settlers here the first winter (1851-1852). They settled on the east side of the Jordan River, between the river on the west and the hill on the east at a point about a mile west of the original Midvale First Ward meetinghouse, and immediately north of the road that runs east and west between Midvale and West Jordan. Many histories incorrectly state that David Pettigrew and Wallace Raymond also settled the area in 1851. Jensen (vs. Jenson) states, "All previous histories of Midvale list Alonzo and Clarinda Raymond and David and Emily Pettigrew as the first settlers on the east side of the Jordan River. However, research of available records shows David Pettigrew (no wife Emily) as living in Salt Lake and James Pettigrew and Alonzo Raymond both living in the West Jordan [precinct] area." (Midvale, p. 19; Jenson, p. 498; Tales of a Triumphant People , Francis W. Kirkham and Harold Lundstrom, editors, 1995. SUP Library, Salt Lake City, Utah.)
|19 Jan 1852
||The Caanan (West Jordan) ward was established.
(Mormon Historical Maps, collection in a 3-ring notebook,
U.S./Canada Reference Desk, FHL.)
|19 May 1852
||A P Raymond works on the Big Kanjon [Canyon]
ditch for the 1st ward with a group of members in the 10th ward.
(SLC10, p. 63.)
If Alonzo was working with members of the 10th ward, was he living in the 10th ward or in Midvale? A clue may be found in The Cutler Family, which states, "Midvale finally grew eastward when men finished digging the canals that brought water from Big Cottonwood Canyon through Fort Union." (p. 37)
|June 1852||Wallace Raymond, wife Almira Cutler and family cross the plains in the 12th wagon company of the year. Harmon Cutler was captain over the 12th company, called the Independent (Springville) Company. The company consists of 262 saints, 231 oven, 222 pounds of ammunition, 171 cows, 154 sheep, 63 wagons, 47 arms, 28 spades and shovels, 20 dogs, and 17 horses. Near Fort Laramie, Wyoming the wagon train is attacked by Indians who take all their horses. They continue on with their oxen. They arrive in the Salt Lake Valley near the last of September of 1852 (Cutler states 3 October 1852). (Pioneer, p. 1873, 2926; LoganS85, p. 437; Cutler, p. 30.)|
|21 June 1852
||A. P. Raymond, one of the proprietors of the
Salt Lake 10th ward farm, petitions for the right to build a grist mill
on the farm's irrigation ditch.
June 21st 1852(SLC10, p. 209.)
If Alonzo's house was in the 10th ward, was he living in the 10th ward or in Midvale?
|24 Jun 1852
||On the 24th he was authorized to build a mill if
he used the water only when not used for irrigating. But the owners
reserved the right to enlarge the race and use the additional water
flow for their own and to exert control of the water for any purpose,
and to hold the mill liable for all damages occurred. (SLC10, p.
Whereas A.P. Raymond, one of the Proprietors of the Tenth
|21 July 1852
||Veness S. [Spencer Vaness]
Raymond, son of William Wallace and Almira Raymond is born on the Platt
River, Pawnee Nation. (SLC10, p. 66.) Later records specify Loup Fork,
Nebraska. (Pioneer, p. 1873, 2926; LoganS85, p. 437.)
||Wallace Raymond, Harmon Cutler, with his sons, Royal and Ben, and Charles Brown settle with their families on the east side of the Jordan. (Jenson, p. 498; Midvale, p. 19.)|
|3 Oct 1852
||Alonzo's third child, Harriet Raymond, born in
Midvale. Only a handful of families live east of Jordan at this time,
so the area is part of the West Jordan district (Midvale, p. 19).
While later records give a birthdate of 3 Aug 1851 (LoganS85, p. 289), a record apparently made 13 Nov 1852 in the 10th ward specifies 3 Oct 1852 (SLC10, p. 67). The record says Harriet was born "G. S. L. Valley Oct 3rd 1852." Since the birthdate would have been known with great clarity when this record was made, 3 Oct 1852 is the most likely date.
It should be noted that in the 10th Ward record, the "Oct" is difficult to read and could be misintrepreted as "Ast", a plausible abbreviation for August. But looking at the clerk's other uppercase A and O's (see p. 80's "Oxford"), lowercase s and o's, and abbreviations for August and October, I am quite certain this record specifies "Oct."
|13 Nov 1852
||The following children are
blessed by David Pettegrew and Daniel Tyler of the Salt Lake 10th Ward:
Amina Ann Raymond, daughter of W'm Walice and Almira Raymond, born 21 Nov. 1849 at Springville, Potawatamie Co., Ioway.
Veness S. Raymond, son of d'o [ditto], born on Platt River Pawnee Nation 21 July 1852.
Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler, daughter of Harmon & Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler, born in Springvielle Potawatamie Co Ioway Mch 30th 1851.
Harriet Raymond, daughter of Alonzo P. & Clarinda Cutler Raymond, born G. S. L [Great Salt Lake] Valley 3 Oct 1852.
Harmon Cutler, son of Harmon & Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler born Springville Potawatamie Co Ioway 2 Dec 1847.
Zecheriah, son of Harmon and Lucy Ann Pettegrew Cutler born Springville Potawatamie Co Ioway 17 Apr 1849. (SLC10, p. 66.)
The following are rebaptized by David Pettegrew in the Salt Lake 10th Ward:
Harmon and Lucy Ann Cutler
Royal J. Cutler
W'm W. and Almira Raymond (SLC10, pp. 80-81. ECIF specifies 19 Sep 1852.)
|28 Dec 1852
||Ward members of the "Little Cottonwood" Ward
include: Harmon Cutler, Royal J. Cutler, James P. Pettegrew, A.[P.]
Raymond, and W. W. Raymond. David Pettegrew is in the Salt Lake City
10th Ward. Samuel Williams and Newman B. Williams are in the 15th Ward.
(Reg1852, p. 70.)
||Wallace and family move to Lehi. (Pioneer, p.
2926.) Presumably, Alonzo and family move at this time as well. Abram
Hatch had located to Lehi in 1851. (Source?) David Evans and family had
located to Dry Creek, later called Lehi, 15 February 1851. (Evans, p.
|21 May 1854
||Alonzo's fourth child, Lydia Raymond, born at
Lehi, Utah County, Utah. (LoganS85, p. 289.)
|25 May 1854
||Alonzo P. Raymond is listed as a member of the 14th Quorum of the Seventies, residing in Great Salt Lake City. (DesNews, 25 May 1854, p. 3.)|
|26 Jan 1855
|10 Aug 1855
||Alonzo's fourth child, Lydia Raymond, dies at
the age of 14 months. (LoganS85, p. 289.) She is probably buried in the
old Lehi pioneer cemetery.
|3 Sep 1855
||Alonzo and William W have several lots surveyed
in "American Creek" and Lehi City:
Certificate No. 499/ Utah Territory/ Utah County/ Surveyors Office/ Provo City Sept 3, 1855/ American Creek survey of farm land/ Alonzo P Raymond S. half Lot 2 in/ Block 99 containing Twenty acres./ James C Snow/ County Surveyor.
Certificate No. 500/ Utah Territory/ Utah County/ Surveyors Office/ Provo City Sept 3, 1855/ American Creek survey of farm & Meadow Land/ Alonzo P Raymond W. half of Lot 1 in/ Block 56 Containing Twenty Acres./ James C Snow/ County Surveyor.
Certificate No. 501/ Utah Territory/ Utah County/ Surveyors Office/ Provo City Sept 3, 1855/ American Creek survey of farm & Meadow Land/ William W Raymond East half of Lot 1 in/ Block 56 Containing Twenty Acres/ James C Snow/ County Surveyor.
Certificate No. 505/ Utah Territory/ Utah County/ Surveyors Office/ Provo City Sept 3, 1855/ Lehi City Survey of Building Lots/ Alonzo P Raymond Lot (8) Eight in Block (2) Two Continuing 52 / 160 of an Acre/ James C Snow/ County Surveyor.
(Territorial Deeds, Utah Territory, Utah County, Book B, pp. 172-173. Microfiche archive at Utah County Recorders Office, Provo Utah.)
1856 Utah CensusThe 1856 Utah Territorial Census seems to have been conducted as part of efforts for the territory to show a large enough population to obtain statehood. Some sources claim it contains the names of deceased people and immigrants still enroute. Alonzo P. Raymond appears with his family and his brother William W[allace] Raymond's family on the 10th page of Lehi residents. (Page 891 according to Ronald V. Jackson's Accelerated Indexing Systems' index.) An image of this census page is available elsewhere on this website.
Why were Almira and Harriet excluded? Why was Lydia, who had passed away, included? Did a neighbor or church clerk attempt the enumeration without consulting the family? If an enumerator visited the household, as Alonzo is listed first, he is likely the person consulted. It seems more likely that a father would forget his brother's wife than either his brother or either of the wives. The same can be said about forgetting one of the children (according to my wife!). Perhaps Almira was away on the enumeration date and should have been enumerated in the household where she was visiting. Perhaps the enumeration instructions were to include the recently deceased.
|24 Dec 1856
||Alonzo Jr., son of Alonzo and Clarinda is born
in Lehi, Utah County, Utah Territory.
||George and Louisa BARBER move to
Lehi. (Barber, p. 5.)
||Wallace RAYMOND "joined 13 other men to seek a
new area to relocate to, and upon consulting President Lorin FARR,
the Ogden Branch, he introduced them to an area of fertile soil and
water just ten miles northwest of Ogden. They named their new home
the Plains", but it was later shortened to "Plain City", as it is known
Two months after settling there, [Wallace] was called to be the
President of the newly formed Plain City Branch." (Emfield)
Wallace and family are called to settle Plain City, just about ten miles Northwest of Ogden. (Pioneer, p. 2926.)
March 10, 1859, quite a large body of colonists left Lehi to come North
and located upon the site chosen in Weber County, the fall before. They
were seven days on the trip making seven camps as follows:
"1. On the Jordon River this side of the point of the mountain.
2. Where Murray is now situated.
3. Upon the site where Centerville is now located.
4. Kay's Crek, now Kaysville.
5. A dry camp north of the sand ridge.
6. On the Weber River northwest of the sugar factory.
7. Plain City on March 17, 1859." (History of Plain City, March 17th 1859 to 1977, Lyman Cook and Dorthy Cook, editors, 1977?, p. 2.)
"One of the first things to do after arrival was to survey the townsite and assign lots to the settlers, so they could get some kind of shelter for their families. [Those] who surveyed Plain City had in mind their old home, the city of Nauvoo, and followed the pattern as nearly as possible. ... Each block contained five acres and is divided into four lots. Each settler was allowed some choice in the selection of his lot, and each settler was alloted twenty acres of farm land on the out skirts." (Cook, p. 80.)
Emfield indicates that Wallace was called as branch president 2 months after his arrival. Since he was called as branch president in May of 1859, I presume he came in this first company. If so, he could have helped them locate good places to camp along the Jordan River, as he had probably lived alongside it in the area of the current city of Midvale.
"Among those who built adobe houses were ... William Raymond ...." (Cook, p. 12.) This must have occurred when he first came to Plain City, as he later acquires a log house.
City Branch was organized in May, 1859, by President Lorin Farr and
Bishop Chauncy W. West. William Wallace Raymond was appointed President
of the branch with Danial Collett and Heppe G. Folkman, counselors and
John Spiers as clerk.
"Danial Collett moved to Cache Valley that same year, so John Carver was called to fill the vacancy.
"At this meeting the settlement received its name of 'Plain City.' Someone had suggested [']City of the Plains,' but this was rejected as being too long, so the name of Plain City was chosen." (Cook, p. 16.)
William W. Raymond 1859 - 1863
John Carver 1863 - 1866
William W. Raymond 1866 - 1870"
(Cook, p. 35.)
the fall, William SKEEN rode a horse back from Plain City back to Lehi
another group to Plain City. (Cook, pp. 3, 6.)
"Joseph Skeen built the first log house in the fall of 1859. William W. Raymond moved one from Slaterville to Plain City in the same year." (Cook, p. 11.)
||Smithfield Branch organized in
Smithfield, Cache, UT. (Smith, film header.)
|18 Jan 1860
||Louisa, daughter of Alonzo and Clarinda is born
in Lehi, Utah, Utah. George BARBER blesses her 15 Jan. 1861 in
Smithfield. (Smith, pp. 1, 25.)
|9 Feb 1860
||"Patriarchal Blessing given at Lehi, Feb. 9, 1860, by John
Young, upon the head of Alonzo O. Raymond, born
Feb 14, 1821 in (Bristol), Addison County Vermont." (Bless60)
||A map of early Plain
City indicates that Wallace RAYMOND came to Plain City in 1859 and
Alonzo RAYMOND and George BARBER "came later."
"'Becoming discouraged by the experiences of 1859, [the lack of teams and farming implements, the lack of irrigation water, the lack of a hay harvest, and the weakened condition of their stock,] some of the settlers went to Cache Valley. Among them being Ruben and David Collett, Samuel Cuspins, Ezekiel Hopkins' mother and sister, and Mr. Lilly. ... Others came from Lehi to temporarily fill the ranks, some of whom later moved to Cache Valley.' Willard Carver's statement." (Cook, p. 5.) Alonzo RAYMOND and George BARBER seem to fit this description, staying just a short time before moving on to Cache Valley.
"Came in 1860:
"Alonzo Raymond and wife and children
"William Wallace Raymond and wife, Almira
Seretha Raymond" (Cook, p. 4.)
"Many of the early settlers of Plain City went with the intention of engaging in the cattle business. ... William Wallace Raymond had his pasture out west towards the lake." (Cook, p. 9.)
|12 Feb 1860
||W. W. Raymond publishes a notice in the Deseret News that claim holders for the joint enclosure in Plain City must have their share of the fence built by April 1st or their claim would be forfeited. (DesNews, 29 Feb. 1860, p. 12.)|
|9 July 1860
||1860 U.S. Census
Pearis and Rebecca RAYMOND's children:
|Dwelling houses num.||Families num.||Name of every person in this family||Age||Sex||Color||Profession||Real
|[Plain City], Weber, Utah
Territory (p. 124)
||W. W. Raymond
|Almina A. "
|W. W. "
|Amina S. "
|[Plain City], Weber, Utah
Territory (p. 125)
||Alonzo P. Raymond
|Clarinda G. "
|Mary E. "
|, Cache, Utah
Territory (p. 253)
|(p. 254)||Louisa Barber
||26 years old?
|Alonzo G. "
1 - Dwelling-houses numbered in the order of visitation
2 - Families numbered in the order of visitation.
3 - The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1860, was in this family.
6 - Color (White, black, or mulatto).
7 - Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male and female, over 15 years of age.
8 - Value of Real Estate.
9 - Value of Personal Estate.
10 - Place of Birth, Naming the State, Territory, or Country.
11 - Married within the year.
12 - Attended School within the year.
13 - Persons over 20 y'rs of age who cannot read & write.
14 - Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, idiotic, pauper, or convict.
||George and Louisa BARBER move up
to Cache county and settle at Smithfield. (Barber, p. 5.)
Lehi being overcrowded, a number of families decided to help settle cache valley. They left 1 April and arrived 17 April, the company including William RIGBY, William HYDE, Robert FISHBURN, Thomas WINN, Samuel TAYLOR and others. (Our Pioneer Heritage, Kate B. Carter, 1958–1977. Vol. 4, p. 253.)
Perhaps the BARBER family joined them as they passed through Plain City?
||Alonzo P. Raymond moves to Smithfield. George G.
Merrill and Robert A. Bain, who have lived near Alonzo since 1853, move
to Smithfield also. (Pension, 11-June-1886.)
||One of the first needs of the pioneers was for a
sawmill, which was built in 1860, by Ezra G. Williams and Mr. Brunson,
about seven miles up Main canyon. Mr. Brunson sold his interest as well
as his home in the fort to Alonzo P. Raymond. (HisSmith, p. 63.)
||"He [Alonzo] was among the first
to settle in Cache Valley where he was active in building the
town of Smithfield. He helped to build the first saw mill and
grist mill at this place." (Goodwin)
"We now have a grist mill erected at second east and first north street, the site of Pugwahnee's camp. ... A sawmill was installed at the mouth of the canyon. There was now a grist mill operated by Alonzo P. Raymond, Thomas Tarbet and Thomas Hillyard with John Aherns as miller." (Canyons, pp. 33-34.)
|15 Jan 1861
||Louisa, daughter of Alonzo P. Raymond and
Clarinda Cutler Raymond is blessed by George Barber in the Smithfield
Branch. (Smith, p. 1.)
|9 April 1861
||Alonzo was assisted by his brother-in-law,
George Barber, hauling brush and hunting down a
lost cow. (Barber, p. 9.) Stock wondering away from the herd
seemed to be commonplace, as well as their recovery.
|5 May 1861
||Smithfield Ward. John Glover Smith, bishop.
George Barber, clerk. Martin Harris is a member of the teachers'
quorum. George Barber, Pres't Lessor P'hood. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|27 Sep 1861
||Wallace Raymond shows prize quality stock at the Ogden City Fair. Choice specimens of the Durham and Devonshire breeds were present. (DesNews, 23 Oct. 1861, p. 6.)|
|31 Oct 1861
||George Barber finds A P Raymond staying with
Wallace in Plain City, waiting for him to return from Salt Lake City so
he could help drive A P's sheep home. They would sometimes herd their
sheep together. The next day went with George down to Salt Creek about
3 miles distant [from Ogden? Plain City?] and gathered up about 10
bushel of nice salt. (Barber, pp. 26, 32.)
|22 Dec 1861
||In Sunday evening meeting, one particular item
was to observe the counsel given by President
Young and President Kimball so often to store up a supply of
grain against the time of famine which is close at our doors. (Barber,
|25 Dec 1861
||Rainy weather. The ground is bare of snow. This
is Christmas day and the prospects are not very flattering for a merry
Christmas. Then Alonzo's and Louisa's households
put together an excellent dinner and invited a few friends to
partake with them. About noon several concocted a plan to get
up a party at the School House. They succeeded and enjoyed themselves
about right until about 12. They returned home highly gratified
with their evenings amusements. (Barber, p. 30.)
A humorous entry exists in George Barber's journal near this time. On the 29th, a number of the townspeople urgently compelled him to teach a writing and spelling school. On the day he took charge of the spelling school (January 16th), he wrote, "Hauld a load of wood for E T Benson took charge of Spelling School[.]" Not long after he records he's "itch'd up my Ponys" for a sleigh ride, attendance at the class dwindled and he lamented that, "there seems to be a great lack of interest amongest the young folks to acquire Knowledge and to learn the art of penmanship[.]" (Barber, pp. 31, 32, 39, 40.)
|1 Jan 1862
||Sister [Clarinda] Raymond assists the Barber
household in organizing a dinner. They invited a few friends, enjoyed
themselves first rate during the day and in
the evening were pleasantly entertained at a New Year's party
at the school house. (Barber, p. 31.)
|20 Jan 1862
||Louisa Raymond Barber taken very
sick. Her husband recorded the following in his journal:
"Tues'y 20th Wea'r [weather] warm Louisa taken verry sick to day
Wed'y 21st Wea'r As yesterday Little Albert [a nine-month-old twin] taken verry Sick to day His mother no better in consequnce of which could not attend seventies meeting Admisistered to Louisa and her baby several times to day
Thur'y 22nd Wea'r turning cold and freezing Feel verry anxious about my little boy who is verry Sick His mothers health is improving but the cold having settled in her breast pains her much
Fri'y 23rd cold freezing hard of nights Louisa still afflicted with her breast my little boy still very sick
Sat'y 24th Cold & clear Louisa in much dread of her disease terminating in a broken breast Albert am happy to say a little better Got the assistance of Sister Grey an excellent nurse
"Sun'y Cloudy and cold Sister Grey administering mild medicines to Louisa and baby her breast paining her much got no rest with it all night Sisters Grey And Smith set up with her all night Administerd to her several times to day
Mon'y 26th Wea cold Adeline [George's first wife,] is 28 years old Louisas Weding day my folks still verry Sick
Tues'y 27th Cold freezing Weather my little boy somewhat better Louisas breast no better
Thur'y 29th Still verry cold Louisa had her breast lanced by Dr Willams Little Albert still verry sick
Fri'y 30th Cold & clear My little boy a trifle better Louisa somwhat better
Sat'y 31st Wea verry cold
Mon'y 2 Wea'r Cold and Cloudy my little boy still Sick feel verry anxious about him
Tues 3rd Snowing all forenoon
Wed 4th Cold and clear Albert somewhat worse to day
Thur'y 5th Cold and clear Louisa had her breast lanced in consequence of her breast being so bad had to wean one of her babies
Fri'y 6 Weather still verry cold At home my little boy no better
Sat 7th [Weather] As yesterday Louisa better Albert no better
"Sun'y 8 Wea verry cold Attended meeting
Mon'y 9th Wea'r verry cold My little boy failing slowly but yet perceptable
Tues'y 10th Cold & clear
Wed'y 11th As Yesterday
Wed'y 12th Still very cold My little boy still verry Sick
Thur'y 13th Cold and clear Louisa considerable better but little Albert dangerously Sick had him administerd to a number of times frequently with good effect
Fri'y 14th Still very cold
Sat'y Wea'r verry cold Fasting and praying for my little boy to day feel anxious about him
"Sun'y Wea'r moderating Attended meeting in forenoon and evening
Mon'y 17th Still verry cold little Albert no better
Tues'y 18th Cold and cloudy At home to day Anxiously watching over my little boy fixing up round home
Wed'y 19th Cold and Foggy Fixing up my floor and hearth Little Albert still verry sick
Thu'y 20th Cold and foggy Went downto Logan to regulate the tithing books whilst absent my little boy was taken worse... notwithstanding on my return he was a little better and our hopes again revived
Fri'y 21st Morning Foggy After part of day clear At home to day Attending to various dutys My little boy no better we all feel verry uneasy about him yet feel to trust to the Almighty And pray earnestly that he may raise him up
Sat'y 22nd Snowing this forenoon After part of day thawing rapidly to all appearances little Albert no better
"Sun'y 23rd Last night verry Stormy wind blew furiously and snow fell about 6 inches were it was drifted did not attend meeting in consequence of my dear little boy being so much worse to all appearances NO hopes of his recovery remains unless the Lord regards our prayers And interposes in his behalf a number of Brethren and Sister Visited us to day to inquire after and see our dear little boy and kindly offerd their services some of which was thankfully received every time two or three of the brethren met together we adminsterd to him This is one of the winter days of Sorrow and affliction in my Loving and affectionate family long to be remembered by us all Yet hopes bright cheering Star is not entirely extenguishd while life remains
Mon'y 24th Thawing fast a little Snow fell during the night Anxiously watching over my dear little Albert nearly all night fully realizing the feeling of angish a parent alone can experience over their to all appearances dying child Yet one consoling hope remains to cheer our drooping Spirits which hope extends beyond this vale of tears Long lookd for morning dawns and our beloved child is no better Still we feel to plead with our Father in Heaven who is yet able to raise him up
Tues'y 25th Thawing pleasant weather to all appearances winter is broke My little boy has symptoms of being a little better which causes us to rejoice once more
Wed'y 26th Wea Pleasant Snow disappearing fast at home all day not daring to leave home in consequence of the precarious situation of our Sick baby
Thur'y 27th Wea'r Pleasant muddy under foot Around home Little albert somewhat worse to day Symptoms rather discouraging very restless all night
"Fri'y 28 Wea'r to day corresponds with the State of my feelings And also that of my family Dull and disconsolate in consequence of my dear little boy Albert who is past all hope of recovery to all human appearances but we feel to trust in the Lord our God who is yet able to raise him up This is a trial far beyond my power of expression and which those alone can realize who have drank of the bitter cup it is Sun Down and our baby yet lives With Fathers tender Loving care I bend over my dear babe Watching every motion And anticipating every want of the little sufferer As the cooling draught is aplied to his fevered lips whilst beside him Sets one whose tear wash'd cheeks and long dran Sigh denotes the feeling of that Mothers bursting heart[.] besides the Silent watchers there is yet One Other Whoes kind and tender care to the beloved Infant With the consent of his natural Mother Gave her the name of Mother and Such She truly was to him even An Adopted Son This my beloved Adeline last tho not least affected by the pain and distress of the dear little Sufferer At 11 P M he breath'd his last this I can truly Say was a relief As his sufferings were now over and Soul at rest After five weeks and 3 days distressing Sickness caused through sucking at the breast at the time when his Mother was undergoing a Severe attack of fever which finally Settled in her breast
"Sat'y March 1st Wea'r cool & cloudy Around home preparing for the funeral of my poor babe
Sun'y 2 Wea'r Cloudy Attended Meeting in forenoon Brother Thomas Smith preach'd my babes funeral discourse After meeting attended to the interment of my little boy on arriving at the grave yard the corpse was removed from the wagon and placed beside its earthly bed The Choir sang an Affecting yet consoling Hymn Selected for the occasion After which Elder Sam'l B Merrill offer'd up a beautiful prayer to Our Father in Heaven the corpse was then lower'd into its resting place And cover'd up for a short Season and a Fathers Hope lies there entomb'd untill the resurrection morn farewell" (Barber, pp. xx-xx. Line and paragraph breaks introduced.)
|14 April 1862
||Wallace Raymond comes from Plain
City to visit in Smithfield. He returns home ten days later after
buying out the doctors part of the Mill. (Barber, pp. 44-45.)
Alonzo and Wallace now completely own the mill.
"Dr. [Ezra G.] Williams put up a saw mill in Summit Creek Canyon with Edwin Ruthvon Bronson as partner—the first in the locality. But his practice was so large that they sold the mill to Alonzo Raymond." (After One Hundred Years, Nancy Clement Williams, 1951, p. 186. BYU HBLL BX8670.1 .W672.)
||George Barber assists Alonzo sowing and
harrowing his oats for several days and then helps him with his
potatoes and corn. (Barber, pp. 45-47.)
||Alonzo moves the saw mill further up the creek
into the timber. His sister Louisa comes up to see it July 10th.
(Barber, pp. 48, 51.)
The creek is running extremely high and running rapidly. On the 6th, Sister Hodgett drowns attempting to cross the creek on the running gears of the wagon at an old ford above the bridge. The weather continues wet and on the 15th the bridge at the upper end of the fort is carried away and substantial farmland flooded. Only by constructing a levee are they able to confine the creek within its banks. (Barber, pp. 48-49.)
|14 Sep 1862
||Wallace Raymond discovers that Indians have
stolen a band of about 30 head of horses off the range.
About 18 belong to residents of Smithfield and the rest to Hyde
Park. (Barber, p. 55.)
|23 Sep 1862
||Clarinda, who is expecting, takes sick during
the night. This morning her condition is rapidly deteriorating. George
Barber rides hard to Logan before breakfast to get Dr. Dilly to assist
Dr. Williams in operating upon her. But George can not prevail upon
Dilly to come, so he races back, making
the 18 mile ride in about an hour and a quarter. In a desperate
attempt to save her life, the still born baby is taken by force.
(Barber, p. 56.) Family records list James as the baby's name.
|24 Sep 1862
||It has been barely 6 months since George and
Louisa lost little Albert. For these months they have watched Clarinda
bloom while they mourned their loss. Now George and Louisa do all they
can to assist Alonzo in his hour of affliction. George superintends the
funeral of the babe. Meanwhile, Clarinda's condition continues to
worsen. There is little hope entertained of her recovery. That evening
about a quarter past eleven Alonzo's beloved partner dies, leaving him
with five children to mourn her loss. Clarinda Cutler Raymond is buried
about sunset the following day. (Barber, pp. 56-57; LoganS85, p. 289.)
"Here in the old fort which he helped build for protection against the Indians, his wife, Clarinda Cutler, died bringing to him great sorrow. She was a very estimable woman and had endeared herself to all who knew her, especially the Indians whose sick children she would nurse and doctor until they recovered. It is said that at her funeral the Indians gathered and chanted [a] mournful cry expressing their grief at the loss of their friend." (Goodwin)
||George Barber, and probably Alonzo too, hauled
lumber from the canyon. He loaded up 1000 feet of
lumber and took it to Plain City to trade for salt. Alonzo and
his family accompany George on the trip back to Smithfield. The
salt he traded for wheat. George and Louisa make a trip to Salt
Lake City, staying the second night with Wallace on the way.
The next night they camped at the mouth of Farmington canyon when
the winds picked up to gale force, the wagon cover was shredded
and lost about 2 in the morning. Exposed to the cold piercing blast,
Louisa is nearly chilled through and they seek safety at a nearby
settler's cabin. They have a pleasant visit in Salt Lake City for
two nights. On the return trip they find Wallace and family expecting
them with a warm supper ready to eat. George says, "we certainly
done justice to" it. The next morning Louisa is not feeling well
and Wallace prevails upon them to stay and visit another day. When
they leave, Wallace trades teams with them and gets them started
in good time. (Barber, pp. 61-62.)
|7 Dec? 1862
||The Smithfield ward is reorganized with Samuel
Roskelly from Richmond as bishop and George Barber as clerk. (Barber,
|25 Dec 1862
||Alonzo's and Louisa's families prepare a good
family dinner and invite a few friends. George is president of the ward
committee for some cotillion parties; he takes Adeline to the party
this evening. Presumably, Louisa stays home with Alonzo who must face
his first Christmas without his beloved Clarinda. (Barber, p. 64.)
|31 Dec 1862
||Large snowfall this day and the following; the
first of consequence this winter. Louisa Barber falls while climbing
over a fence, but doesn't seem to be seriously hurt. George is employed
getting the cotillion party up and
going. He dances "the old year out and the new one in" such that
he feels the effects the next day. (Barber, p. 65.)
|1 April 1863
||Sarah Ida, Louisa and George Barber's daughter,
is born. (Barber, p. 70; Smith, p. 2.)
|10 Jun 1863
||Alonzo P. Raymond marries Zilpha Noble. (GenSurveys, Vol. 25,
p. 134.) Bishop Samuel Roskelly performs the ceremony. (Pension,
14-Dec-1901.) She is 16 years old.
||Epidemic amongst the people throughout the
valleys. George Barber laments that, "I never have seen as much
sickness or heard of as many deaths since I have been in the
mountains." His comment is made between July 10th and
Dec. 2nd. (Barber, p. 79.)
|12 Dec 1863
||Zilpha Raymond (Alonzo's new wife), daughter of
William G. Noble is rebaptized by S. A. Andersen. He also rebaptizes
Harriett Raymond (age 12) and Susannah Raymond (age 11), two of Alonzo
P. Raymond's children (by Clarinda). They are all confirmed on 30 Jan
1864, Zipha by B. Hopkins and
Harriett and Susannah by P. J. Morehead. (Smith, p. 21.)
||In 1863 a shingle mill was commenced by Thomas
Tarbet, A. P. Raymond, and Thomas Hillyard. About a
year later a grist mill was added, with John Ahrens as the
first miller, and succeeded by Sylvester Lowe, Sr., after a short
time. This first mill was built on the site of the lower grist
mill. It was purchased in 1868 by James Mack, who made it the first
merchant mill in the county. (HisSmith, p. 65.)
|22 April 1864
||William Wallace Raymond set apart as a
missionary to England. He returned 27 Aug 1866. (MRI, Film 1913096,
Card "Raymond, William Wallace.")
|17 July 1864
||Elder W. W. Raymond arrives in Liverpool, England on the steamship Pennsylvania, having sailed from New York on the 2nd of July, in the company of Orson Pratt of the Twelve and 10 other elders. He is assigned to work in the Derbyshire Conference under the direction of Elder S. W. Alley.(Milstar, Vol. 26, p. 491; DesNews, 19 Oct. 1864, p. 2.)|
||(DesNews, XX XXX 18XX, p. .)|
||Alonzo and Zilpha build a home on Main Street
(where, in 1976 Marv's Cafe stood). (The Citizen, "Profiles
From the Past," Theoda Downs, Historical Heritage Society of Smithfield
Chairman, Thursday, January 22, 1976, p. 4.)
"Mr. Raymond was an excellent gardner and provided an abundance of
and vegetables for his family." ("Life Sketch of Zilpha Noble Raymond,"
Elthura Raymond Merrill, a granddaughter.)
|1 May 1864
||William Goodwin Noble Raymond born in
Smithfield, son of Alonzo and Zilpha Noble Raymond. (Smith, p. 30;
LoganS85, p. 289; Pension, 14-Dec-1901.)
|2 Oct 1864
||W. W. Raymond attended a conference held in Nottingham, England. "Present on this occasion, of the First Presidency of the Church and of this Mission, Elder Daniel H. Wells; James Townsend, President of the Nottingham District; Heber John Richards, President of the Nottingham Conference." (Milstar, Vol. 26, p. 766.)|
|5 Oct 1864
||W. W. Raymond and W. Vandyke of Plain City advertise an award for finding "a yoke of large red OXEN, branded with an ox yoke on left side and the figure 5 on left hip. One has a piece broken off right horn, white spot on the head, white on belly—the other a little white on the head, crescent shape. Ear marks forgotten." Since Wallace is still in England, perhaps Brother Vandyke was caring for his stock in his absence. (DesNews, 5 Oct. 1864, p. 5.)|
||The Smithfield Ward considers the necessity of
purchasing a stove. They decide to hold three parties to raise the
funds. The parties are held in Dec'r 1864 and Jan'y 1865. A. P. Raymond
donates 29 P. of W [wheat] to the endeaver. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
||Paul Raymond, Jr., Alonzo's uncle passes away, according to Alonzo 20 years later. (LoganB85, p. 404.) Apparently, Alonzo has heard news from back East to know of his uncle's passing. Perhaps Wallace stopped to visit relatives to or from his mission in England.|
|1 Jan 1865
||A District Conference was held in the Odd-Fellows' Hall, Birmingham, England at which W. W. Raymond was present. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 49.)|
|3 Jan 1865
||A Council Meeting was held in the Hockley Chapel, Birmingham, England. Among the Elders present—D. H. Wells, B. Young, jun., O. Pratt, sen., A. Hatch, and W. W. Raymond. "Elder A. Hatch is removed from laboring in the Birmingham Conference, to preside over the Manchester District, comprising the Manchester, Liverpool and Preston Conferences.... Elder W. W. Raymond is removed from laboring in the Derby Conference, to the Presidency of the Norwich District, comprising the Norwich and Bedfordshire Conferences." (Milstar, Vol. 27, pp. 44-45.)|
||The Millennial Star reports that W. W. Raymond and G. W. Mousley's address is Chapel House, St. Pauls Opening, Norwich, England. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 192.)|
|5 March 1865
||W. W. Raymond attends a district conference held in the Music Hall, Store Street, Tottenham Court Road, London. Daniel H. Wells of the First Presidency presided. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 257.)|
|12 April 1865
||A Conference was held in Norwich at which Elder W. W. Raymond was present. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 253.)|
|20 June 1865
||It is reported that, "our District President, W. W. Raymond, is one with us, and visits much with us amongst the different Branches." (G. W. Mousley, Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 445.)|
|9 July 1865
||A conference was held in the Odd-Fellows' Hall, Upper Temple Street, Birmingham, England at which W. W. Raymond was in attendance. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 545.)|
|11 Aug 1865
||William S. Warren arrived in England and was appointed to travel and preach in the Norwich Conference, under the Presidency of Elder William W. Raymond. (Milstar, Vol. 27, p. 555; Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 145; Milstar, Vol. 29, p. 348)|
|15 Sept. 1865
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Clara Raymond Done, still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.) According to church records made close to the time of her birth, Zilpha Clarinda (Zylpha Clara) was born on this date in 1868. (Smith, pp. 7, 30.)|
|1 Oct 1865
||W. W. Raymond, President of the Norwich District, attended a District Conference held in the Music Hall, Store Street, Tottenham Court Road, London, England. In the 2:30pm session, "Elder Orson Pratt then presented the Authorities of the Church at home and abroad in the usual manner. The several motions were unanimously sustained by the congregation. ¶ Elder W. W. Raymond spoke of the Gospel as a system which, if lived up to, would bring us back into the presence of God our Father. Reasoned upon the error and inconsistency of believing that God had revealed all the knowledge necessary for the salvation of man. Said it was as necessary for God to reveal himself now as it was in any past age, and exhorted the brethren to live so that men might see their good works and glorify our Father in heaven." (Milstar, Vol. 27, pp. 785, 787.)|
|5 Jan 1866
||A General Council was held in the Farm Street
Chapel, Birmingham, England at which W. W. Raymond attended as president of the Norwich District.
(Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 49.)
"Abram Hatch said—I have listened with much interest to the under the various reports given. I arrived in this country in the year 1864, having crossed the Plains and the ocean in company with Presidents D. H. Wells and Brigham Young, jun. After laboring a short time in the Birmingham Conference, under the direction of Elder William H Shearman, I was appointed to the Presidency of the Manchester District, a position I have filled up to this date. The district is composed of three Conferences—namely the Manchester, Liverpool and Preston Conferences, which consist in all of thirty-five Branches. The total number of members is 1285. During the past year we have baptized 164 and emigrated 61. The majority of the people are striving to live their religion, and the brethren laboring in the various Conferences have been diligent in the performance of their duties.
"Elder William W Raymond said—I arrived in this country in the year 1864 and labored first in the Derbyshire Conference. I was next called upon to preside over the Norwich District, and in my travels there I have found that the majority of the people are good Saints. I have not preached a great deal, but have borne my testimony to the truth of the Work, knowing that it is true. I love my religion. My interests, my labors and my all are in it, and I have striven to overcome my weaknesses. I acknowledge the hand of god in all things, and know that he will bless us if we put our trust in him, and depend for help not upon our own wisdom, but on the revelations God has given." (Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 178.)
|7 Jan 1866
||A district conference was held Sunday, 7 January 1866 in the Glasgow Dining Hall, Cambridge Street, Birmingham, England. Present on the stand were Brigham Young, Jun., President of the European Mission; Orson Pratt, Sen., of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles; Abram Hatch, President of the Manchester District; William W. Raymond, President of the Norwich District; among others. (Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 209.) Elder W. W. Raymond offered the invocation for the 6:30pm session. (Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 241.)|
|20 Jan 1866
||"Elder William W. Raymond is released from the Presidency of the Norwich District, to return home." (Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 42.)|
|11 Mar 1866
||A conference was held in Emmanuel Chapel, Norwich.
"There were present on the stand—President Brigham Young, jun.; Elders James McGaw, President of the Norwich District; Geo. W. Gee,
President of the Norwich Conference; William S. Warren, President of the Bedfordshire Conference; William W. Raymond and John L. Dolten.
"President B. Young, jun., expressed his satisfaction with the reports of the brethren, and exhorted the Saints to diligence, to press on and do the best they could, to comply with every call, to pay their Tithing, and that in doing so the Lord would bless them...
"Elder Raymond gave a report of his labors in the Norwich Conference. Said that the reports of the brethren concerning the Branches were correct, and that the Saints were the best people on the face of the earth. Said he knew this Work to be the Work of God, and that it would triumph over every opposing power. He gave some good instructions upon the law of Tithing, and the blessings to be obtained by obeying the same. Exhorted the Saints to be humble and prayerful, for that in so doing God would bless them according to promise." (Milstar, Vol. 28, pp. 305-306.)
|27 March 1866
||Logan & Richmond Canal. Preportion of wheat
for Alonzo P. Raymond: 5 Bls(?), $25.00. Labor on side hill for Alonzo
P. Raymond: $7.00.
Labor done on canal by those sharing land inside the fence. A. P. Raymond: 30 acres, tax = $13.50, Amt worked = $32.00, excess = $18.50. (Smith, pp ??.)
|5 May 1866
||In London, Elder W. W. Raymond performed the
marriage of Eli Claysen and Rhoda Burrls of the Bedfordshire conference.
(Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 368.)
The ship Caroline sailed from London with 34 Swiss, 17 Hollanders, and 286 English. The ship had a comfortable 8½ feet between decks. The Saints who sailed this season were promised that if they lived their religion, they would not suffer from cholera as other emigrants did. The Saints were organized with Elder Samuel H. Hill as President, and Elders W. W. Raymond and J. S. Fullmer as Counsellors. (Milstar, Vol. 28, pp. 313-314.) The ship is divided into seven wards. It reaches the Isle of Wight by May 11th. (Milstar, Vol. 28, p. 332.)
|16 May 1866
||Meeting held in the school house
to collect subscriptions for the purpose of obtaining means to
purchase material to erect Telegraphic Communications between
Logan Cache co. & St. George Washington co. and to assist
missionaries to the Sandwich Islands. A. P. Raymond paid $3.00
in wheat. (Smith, pp. ??.)
|10 June 1866
||The following names are ordered by the Bishop
[Roskelley ] to be recorded as being called upon to take part in
getting and erection of Telegraph poles for this district: Fourth
[group]: To get poles, James Mack, Harrison
A. Thomas, & Thomas S. Hillyard. To haul poles to Logan,
George Barber, Robert P. Gibson, & Alonzo P. Raymond. (Smith,
pp. ?-?; Canyons, p. 35.)
|27 June 1866
Wyoming, N. T., June 27, 1866.
President Brigham Young, jun.
"Dear Brother, — Knowing how anxious you always are to learn of the condition and welfare of the emigrating Saints, we pen you a few lines at this time....
"On the 21st, brother Andrew Harvey and a few Saints (37 in number), who sailed on the Caroline, and who had been left in New York, but afterwards forwarded by the merchants, arrived by express in excellent health and spirits; and this morning the remainder of the Saints who came on that vessel, arrived in charge of Elders S. H. Hill, W. W. Raymond, and J. S. Fullmer, in good health.
"The latter company met with two accidents on the rail between New York and St. Joseph: one of the luggage vans caught fire, and was burnt partially up, but the railway company indemnified those who had lost luggage, for nearly the whole amount; on the other occasion six cars ran off the track, and two of them turned over and were somewhat smashed, but owing to the overruling hand of God, not a person was killed, but four or five were slightly bruised, not a bone was broken. We have, indeed, great cause to be thankful to our heavenly Father for the miraculous preservation of his Saints in this accident.
"Two mule trains, and most of the ox-wagons, have arrived in tolerably good condition, considering the quickness of the trip they have made across the Plains.
"We hope that in a few days we shall be able to start the Saints towards their future home....
"We remain your brethren,
|2 July 1866
||"Meeting held to make arrangements to build or
make a corral or corrals for securing our Horses
and other stock, Council having been received from Pres't Young
to the authorities in this county to prepare themselves and the people
for an expected attack of Indians, by removing from their city lots,
and building of a fort for the protection of the women & children.
"The Bishop Said the object of the meeting was to state Pres't Maughans mind relative to building a substantial coral or corals that an Indian or white man cant get animals out of. He had selected the location in the Tithing house ground and hauled considerable rock on the ground, also sand & clay, with the intention of putting up the east line of fence, with a rock wall 6 feet high.
"The work was to commence on Thursday July 5th .
"The Following named were called upon to get poles to fence the South Skiry(?) and for the centre fences for the divisions for Horses, Cattle, Sheep etc. S B Merrill, S. Langton, John McCrakin, R. S Bain, A P Raymond, G Barber." (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|8 July 1866
||Alonzo [Jr.] (age 9), son of A. P. [and Clarinda
] Raymond is baptized (or rebaptized?) by A. A.
Anderson and confirmed the same day by E. M. Greene. (Smith,
|29 July 1866
||Did Alonzo and Zilphia have a child named
Ephraim, born 29 July 1866 that died about 1870? Or was he born 2 Dec
|27 Aug. 1866
||William Wallace Raymond returns from
mission to England. (MRI, Film 1913096, Card "Raymond, William Wallace.")
|29 Oct 1866
||A. P. Raymond credited with $6.00 for 2 days
labor on the telegraph poles and use of a team (of horses). (Smith, p.
?; Canyons, p. 36.)
|15 Sept. 1867
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Laura Raymond
Toolson, still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension,
14-Dec-1901.) According to church records made close to the time of her
birth, Laura P. was born on this date in 1870. (Smith, pp. 7, 30.)
|29 Dec 1867
||Louisa Raymond, the daughter of Alonzo P. [and
Clarinda] Raymond, who was born 18 Jan'y 1860 in Lehi, Utah, Deseret,
is baptized. (Smith, p. 25.) Isn't this 2 weeks short of her 8th
Relief Society was organized in Plain City on January 3, 1868, with
Almira Raymond as President, Margaret Shoemaker as First Counselor,
Mary Ann Carver as Second Counselor, Victorine Musgrave as Secretary."
(Cook, p. 22.)
|3 May 1868
||Alonzo enters into a plural marriage with
Elizabeth Hillyard Thompson, widow of Robert Thompson. Robert died 12
May 1865 in Smithfield. Elizabeth's children by Robert are Thomas
William (1858), Heber John (1860), Elizabeth Ann(1863), and Loretta
(1865). This marriage is "for time" only.
|20 May 1868
is elected to Smithfield's first city council. It appears this
is for a two year term. (HisSmith, p. 70.) He uses the position
to encourage early settlers to plant trees and berries. (Nauvoo
Restoration Inc. Land and Records Office, Alonzo Pearis Raymond
file.) "Mr. Raymond worked in civic affairs and helped get a city
in 1868 when he was serving on the city council." ("Life Sketch of
Noble Raymond," by Elthura Raymond Merrill, a granddaughter.)
|15 Sep 1868
||Zilpha Clarinda (Zylpha Clara), daughter of
Alonzo P. and Zilpha Raymond is born in Smithfield, Cache, Utah. She is
blessed 29 Nov 1868 by W. G. Noble.(Smith, pp. 7, 30.) In 1901, Alonzo
states that Clara Raymond Done, still alive at that time, was born on
this date in 1865. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.) According to the record
above, recorded much closer to the time
of birth, he had the birth year incorrect.
|6 Dec 1868
||Bill of indebtedness tendered(?)
by Logan Authorities as follows, being the Smithfield proportion.
Support of the telegraph operator in Logan with board etc.
The employment of a man (and erecting a dwelling house in Wellsville Kanyon) to keep the road open during the winter and assist travellers, when necessity requires. $110.00.
For a steer got from Thomas Richardson for Bannock Indians. $35.00
For the payment of the board of Susannah Raymond and Harriett Raymond, with Joel Ricks during the time they were learning the art of Telegraphy in Logan. $60.00
For the payment of an instrument to learn the art of telegraphy purchased by Samuel Roskelley. "
For lamps, chimneys, globes & oil for the use of the ward meetings
(Smith, p. not numbered.)
||F[emale] R[elief] Society donations. Adeline
Barber, $1.00; Zilpha Raymond, 0.50; Louisa Barber, 1.00; Elizabeth
Raymond, .25. (Smith, ?.)
|14 March 18??
||Sunday. Conference. The report of the Female
Relief Society was read by the clerk. No. of members this date last
year, 121. Average attendance, 12. Funds rec'd during the year $78,02.
Donated to poor, paid school bills & temple, $92.76. The
organization is prosperous. Zilpha Raymond and Ann Thomas are sustained
as teachers in the 4th district. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|26 Dec 1868
||Alonzo P Raymond belongs to the School of the
Prophets. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|18 Mar 1869
||Zylphia Amelia, daughter of Alonzo and Elizabeth
is born. (Smith, p. 30.) Zylphia is Elizabeth's
1st child by Alonzo and her 5th overall.
|6 May 1869
||An entry is made in the Smithfield Ward records
for a child of Alonzo and Elizabeth to be blessed by S. B. Merrill. The
entry is then marked through with no child's name entered. (Smith, p.
8.) I assume Zylphia Amelia Raymond would have been blessed this day,
but plans changed.
Railroad completed at Promotory Summit, northwest of Plain City.
|3 Aug 1869
||Meeting held to settle a difficulty between A.
P. Raymond and Ja's Jos'h Juckaw, to the tithing office.
Present, Bp S[amuel] Roskelley, A[ndrew] A Anderson, T[homas] G Winn, G[eorge] Barber, A[ndrew] McCombs, E[van] M Greene, C[harles] Wright, A[lonzo] P Raymond, J J Juckau, and J[ames] S Cantwell.
The meeting was opened with prayer by the Bishop.
The clerk read the following written charge, or charges: preferred by James Joseph Juckaw against Alonzo Pearis Raymond.
I, Ja's Jos'h Juckaw prefer these charges against Alonzo P Raymond.
First. For unchristian like conduct in falsifying his word in calling me a liar twice when I wasn't.
Second, Saying that I was a botch and that my work was worthless.
Third. Laying violent lands on me, disregarding an appeal to his better judgment to settle the dispute without resorting to brute force, Wherein that he caused me to become disabled from pursueing my labors for the support of my family, by throwing me over the fence regardless of consequences; he dislocated my limb, thereby causing much pain, and in proof of his wilfulness, he threatened to repeat the offence, and, while I was laying on the ground accused me of being such a liar no one could believe anything I said, And that I was only pretending I was hurt. Thomas G Winn santioning the deed and words, and contrary to my will, threw me into a wagon, increasing the injury. And at investigation the said Raymond denied the first charges before the Teachers. And T G Winn testified to the truth of them. The said T G Winn said I was only trying to obtain means from them under false pretences.
Towith, I Charge Thomas G Winn in not acting as an Elder in Israel, or an officer of the law as he is appointed.
The Bp Then asked A P Raymond if he was guilty. The Answer was No! This was on the general character of the first count, or charge.
On the Second charge, Juckau said his work was as good as any other man in the quality of labour and could prove it. Raymond said the work done for him was good for nothing.
Testimony was then taken regarding the quality of his work.
T G Winn said Chairs rough. Wheel inferiour
C Wright said Some Strong, Some poor.
A McCombs said Wheel rough
S Roskelley said Chairs rough but strong
J S Cantwell said Chairs rough but strong
A P Raymond said he made a chair & wheel. They came to pieces. Juskau denied making him a wheel only a chair. Raymond insisted on his statement both determined to have their own way. no proof of right or wrong.
The Bp said it was evident his work was not of the best quality. Juskau siad he didn't say his work was of the best. So it rests.
In summing up the substance of the 3rd count it appears that A P Raymond and T G Winn was doing some labor at the house of the latter when J J Juckau came and made application for a small amount due for work done, and the question regarding the Quality of Juckau's work was called up, when it was rebutted by the latter (Juckau) and met in the same spirit by A P Raymond. Angry words ensued and the word liar was freely used by both. Wherepon A P Raymond went to J J Juskau (who was standing with his back to the fence) and suddenly seizing him by the legs threw him over into the street, alighting on his hip thereby causing the injury. And after laying there some time, both Raymond and Winn put him, or threw him into a wagon making sport of the operation: taking him home, where he was obliged to stay for two weeks.
Shortly after, J J Juckau summoned them before a teachers meeting, and the decision not being satisfactory, the present meeting was called.
After the charge was read, A P Raymond admitted that he threw him over the fence, and did'nt believe he was hurt, only pretending, denying that they threw him into the wagon, but put him in carefully. He also said he did not do so intentionally, altho he Juskau used violent and abusive language which ended in the present result. Threatened several times to put him in the ditch if he did'nt cease his abuse.
The Bishop in summing up the above said it was a case of aggravation on both sides and called on them to become reconciled, as they both belonged to the School. If they did'nt settle it immediately he would give a decision. As they had not acted as latter day Saints in taking this view of the case, and from the evidences He considered A P Raymond much more to blame than J J Juchau as he had broken the peace.
J J Juckau said his hip was dislocated but from questions by The Bishop & E M Greene and A A Anderson, It could not be proven and consequently could not be believed.
The decision was, that as J J Juckau had lost two weeks work, A P Raymond was to pay him $15.00, one third in wood one third in flour, and the rest in some other Kind of good pay. And they both make acknowledgment of their faults and also to a justice for breaking the peace.
The last charge was answered by T G Winn, who said he ought to be in the line of his duty, but did not think of it as Juckau had a bad tonge. Would rather put him in the ditch and pay the fine for it. It would have been satisfactory.
J. J Juckau said something of an apologetic character, but the spirit of it was not received.
The meeting was dismissed with prayer by E M Greene.
J. S Cantwell Clerk
(Smith, pp. ?-?.)
|22 Aug 1869
||Sunday evening. There was a general meeting at
the school house to take into consideration the necessity of forming a
co-operative body for the purpose of sowing fall wheat and protecting
it from the ravages of grasshoppers by
enclosing it by a ditch, and acting in concert, thus bringing
it forward, to be enabled to withstand its attacks when they
were ready to fly.
Considerable discussion ensued as to the most feasible method. After which A A Anderson and A P Raymond was appointed to make the selection, and make a report by Wednesday the 25 in the evening at which time an adjourned meeting would be held to consider the same. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|25 Aug 1869
||Wednesday the 25th PM. Adjourned meeting from
the 22nd. Those appointed [A A Anderson and A P
Raymond] gave their report, and presented their selection which
was on the south side of the creek.
It was canvassed, some affirmative, and some negative. Nothing definite was determined on and laid over with the injunction that those who wished to co-operate to sign their names at the co-operative store during the next few days.
The above meetings are held by the Request of Pres't E T Benson.
J. S Cantwell Clerk.
(Smith, p. not numbered.)
|2 Dec 1869
||Ephraim, son of Alonzo & Z. Raymond born. He
only lives 3 years 4 months 2 days. (Smith,
|24 Dec 1869
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Pierce Raymond,
still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.)
This can't be correct because,
||Alonzo sells his interests in the mills.
(SOURCE? Nauvoo Restoration Inc. Land and Records Office.)
[William Wallace] Raymond resigned his position as President of the
Plain City Branch." (Cook, p. 16.)
|2 Aug 1870
||1870 U.S. Census
Alonzo Pearis RAYMOND is enumerated in Smithfield, Cache, Utah Territory with wife 3rd wife, Elizabeth. His 2nd wife, Zipha C.[?] [NOBLE] RAYMOND, is listed in an adjoining house/family with her two children, William [Goodwin] and Zilpha [Clara]. Also with Zilpha are Alonzo and Louisa, two of Clarinda CUTLER RAYMOND's children. Clarinda's other children are not listed: Mary Elizabeth married Moroni PRICE in 1865, Susannah Rebecca married William HOMER earlier in 1870, Harriet married Robert BYBEE in 1868, Lydia died in Lehi in 1855, and James was stillborn in 1862.
Louisa RAYMOND BARBER is enumerated just a few households later in the Charles [George] BARBER household. George is a missionary! And a U.S. citizen. Living with the BARBERs is Clarinda [G.] RAYMOND, who can read, but not write. One wonders if Clarinda G. is physically handicapped, as she has lived with relatives her whole life, is not married at age 40, doesn't write, and isn't listed as having a mental condition.
|Dwelling houses num.||Families num.||Name of every person in this family||Age||Sex||Color||Profession||Real
|See key below
|Smithfield, Cache, Utah Territory (p. 16)
||THOMPSON. Not age 12?
|-------- Heber J
||THOMPSON. Not age 10?
||-------- Zilpha C
||Not age 26?
Not age 10?
|Smithfield, Cache, Utah Territory (p. 17)
|-------- Alonzo A
School this year.
|-------- Walter R
School this year.
|-------- Herbert P
School this year.
School this year.
|-------- Solane N
||Alonzo's sister. Cannot write.
|Hatch Arabell J
1 - Dwelling-houses enumerated in the order of visitation.
2 - Families enumerated in the order of visitation.
3 - The name of every person whose usual place of abode on the first day of June, 1870, was in this family.
4 - Age at last birth-day. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus 3/12
5 - Sex-Male (M), Female (F).
6 - Color-White (W);, Black (B); Mulatto (M); Chinese, (C); Indian, (I).
7 - Profession, Occupation, or Trade of each person, male or female.
8 - Value of Real Estate.
9 - Value of Personal Estate.
10 - Place of Birth, Naming State or Territory of U.S.; or the Country, if of foreign birth.
11 - Father of foreign birth.
12 - Mother of foreign birth.
13 - If born within the year, state month (Jan., Feb., &c.)
14 - If married within the year, state month (Jan., Feb., &c.)
15 - Attended School within the year.
16 - Cannot read.
17 - Cannot write.
18 - Whether deaf and dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic.
19 - Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards.
20 - Male Citizens of U.S. of 21 years of age and upwards, where right to vote is denied or abridged on other grounds than rebellion or other crimes.
|15 Sep 1870
||Laura P, daughter of Alonzo and Zilpha is born
in Smithfield. (Smith, p. 30.)
Plain City, "W. W. Raymond, William Geddes, and William VanDyke were
appointed to act as school trustees. This new meeting and school house
was completed in 1873 or 1874." (Cook, p. 17.) "The bible was the
principle textbook used. Those who could afford slates had them. The
first slate I ever had was a piece given to me by Seretta Raymond. It
had broken off from her slate. [M. A. Geddes]" (Cook, p. 18.)
|3 Jun 1871
||Alma Raymond, son of Alonzo and Elizabeth is
born. (Smith, p. 30.) Alma is Elizabeth's 2nd child by Alonzo and her
|10 Oct 1871
||Alonzo P. Raymond set apart to serve a mission
in the United States. (MRI Film 1913096, Card "Raymond, Alonzo P.") If
the mission was away from his family, he probably returned in less than
six months for the conception of his next child, "Peris."
|22 Aug 1872
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Abl'a Raymond Done,
still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.)
According to church records made close to the time of her birth,
Abigail was born on this date in
1874. (Smith, p. 30.)
|24 Dec 1872
||Peris, son of Alonzo P. and Zilpha Raymond is
born in Smithfield, Cache, UT. He is blessed 7 Feb. 1873 by R A Bain.
(Smith, p. 30.) In 1901 Alonzo claims that Pierce Raymond, still alive
at that time, was born on this date in 1869. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.)
According to the record above, recorded much closer to the time of
birth, he had the birth year incorrect.
|12 July 1874
||William G. Raymond, [son of Alonzo and Zilpha]
is baptized by F. B. Thybergh and the same day is
confirmed by G. Coleman. (Smith, p. 31.)
|22 Aug 1874
||Abigail, daughter of Alonzo and Zilpha is born
in Smithfield. (Smith, p. 30.) In 1901, Alonzo states
that Abl'a Raymond Done, still alive at that time, was born
on this date in 1872. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.) According to the
record above, recorded much closer to the time of birth, he had
the birth year incorrect.
|11 July 1875
||Louisa E [Raymond] Barber rebaptized by S. R.
[probably Samuel Roskelly]. (Smith, p. not numbered.)
|18 July 1875
||Alonzo P. Raymond and wife Zilpha Noble Raymond
rebaptized by P. J. Morehead. (Smith, p. 30.)
||Clarinda G. Raymond dies, according to her sister Louisa
Raymond Barber, nearly 10 years later. (LoganE85, p. 164A.)
Plain City, "French Retrenchment Society/Organized by Eliza R. Snow on
November 16, 1875. Emily Wainwright Shurtliff was appointed President,
with Mary Raymond as First Counselor, Bertha Lund as Second Counselor,
and Jane Stewart as Third Counselor." (Cook, p. 23.)
|26 Jan 1877
||Wallace, son of Alonzo and Zylphia Raymond is
born in Smithfield. He is blessed 8 April 1877 by
W'm. G. Noble. (Smith, pp. 30, 34.)
|26 Sep 1877
||Alonzo P Raymond land patent under authority of
May 20, 1862: Homestead Entry Original (12 Stat.
392), NW ¼ of section 21, township 13 North, range 1 East,
160 acres in Cache County. (Bureau of Land Management, document
number 691, accession/serial number UTUTAA 011640. (Image.)
|2 Aug 1879
||Aquilla Raymond, son of Alonzo P
and Zylpha Noble Raymond is born. (1880 U.S. Census; Smith, p.
|1 June 1880
||1880 U.S. Census
|Cities||H. #||F. #||Name||Description||Bir.
|Smithfield, Cache, Utah Territory (p. 1)|
||Raymond, A. P.||W
|---------, W'm. G.
||Works on farm
| Smithfield, Cache, Utah
Territory (p. 4)
- Name of street.
- House number.
1 - Dwelling houses numbered in order of visitation.
2 - Families numbered in order of visitation.
3 - The Name of each Person whose place of abode on 1st day of June 1880, was in this family.
4 - Color—White, W; Black, B; Mulatto, Mu; Chinese, C; Indian, I.
5 - Sex—Male, M; Female, F.
6 - Age at last birthday prior to June 1, 1880. If under 1 year, give months in fractions, thus: 8/12
7 - If born within the Census year, give the month.
8 - Relationship of each person to the head of this family—whether wife, son, daughter, servant, boarder, or other.
9 - Single
10 - Married
11 - Widowed, divorced
12 - Married during Census year
13 - Profession, Occupation or Trade of each person, male or female.
14 - Numbers of months this person has been unemployed during the Census year.
15 - Is the person (on the day of the enumerator's visit) sick, or temporarily disabled, so as to be unable to attend to ordinary business or duties? If so, what is the sickness or disability?
16 - Blind
17 - Deaf and dumb
18 - Idiotic
19 - Insane
20 - Maimed, crippled, bedridden, or other wise disabled
21 - Attended school within the Census year.
22 - Cannot read
23 - Cannot write
24 - Place of Birth of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country if of foreign birth.
25 - Place of Birth of the father of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country if of foreign birth.
26 - Place of Birth of the mother of this person, naming State or Territory of United States, or the Country if of foreign birth.
|9 Aug 1881
||William Wallace Raymond dies
in Plain City, Weber, Utah.
|18 Mar 1882
||Mary Ann, daughter of Alonzo and Zilpha is born.
(Smith, p. 30.) In 1901, Alonzo states that Mamie Raymond Bowens, still
alive at that time, was born on this date in 1886. (Pension,
14-Dec-1901.) According to the record above, recorded much closer to
the time of birth, he had the birth
|3 Oct 1884
||Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber stands as proxy
for Clarinda G. Raymond, endowment, Logan Temple (LoganE85, p. 164A.)
Presumably, this means Clarinda never married.
|15 Oct 1884
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Sylvanus Raymond,
still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.)
According to church records presumably made close to the time of his
birth, Sylvanus was born on this date in 1885. (Smith, p. 30.) A family
group sheet of unknown origin in the possession of the Smithfield
Historical Museum states that Sylvester and Sylvanus were born 15
1884 and Sylvester died 18 October 1884.
|14 April 1885||Alonzo and his sister Louisa submit the following
genealogical data to the Logan Temple of the Church of Jesus
Christ. (LoganB85, pp. 404-405.) Alonzo is listed as grandson
to five men. As Paul Raymond and Simeon Perce are known to be
his grandparents, the question remains as to his relationship
to the others: Benjamin Raymond, Lemuel Raymond, and Samuel
Raymond. He knows his father and grandfather to be born in
Vermont, but lists U.S. as the birthplace for Benjamin, Lemuel, and
Samuel. I take this to mean that the relationship was more distant than
that for whom he knew the birthplace. Perhaps Benjamin, Lemuel, and
Samuel were brothers of his grandfather, Paul.
|15 April 1885
||Alonzo stands as proxy for his father, Pearis
Raymond, and Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber stands as
proxy for her aunt, Julia Maria Perse, for endowments in the
Logan Temple. (LoganE85, pp. 428-429.)
|16 April 1885
||Alonzo stands as proxy for his grandfather,
Simon Perce, and Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber
stands as proxy for her grandmother, Elizabeth Simmons, for
endowments and sealing in the Logan Temple. (LoganE85, pp. 430,432;
, LoganSS85 p. 240.)
Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber stands as proxy for one Clarinda Jeffries Raymond, who is dead, in a husband-wife sealing to Louisa's husband, George Barber. While no relationship is specified, Louisa lists the same birthday and place for this Clarinda Jeffries Raymond as she does for her sister, Clarinda G. Raymond. It is likely that the two are the same. (LoganSS85, p. 240.)
|17 April 1885
||Alonzo stands as proxy for his brother, Nelson
Raymond who is dead, and Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber stands as
proxy for her sister, Saretta Raymond who is
dead, for endowments in the Logan Temple. (LoganE85, pp. 434-435.)
|15 Oct 1885
and Sylvanus, twin sons of Alonzo and Zilpha are born, according
to a church record, possibly made near the time of the birth. (Smith,
30.) In 1901, Alonzo states that Sylvanus is still alive at
that time, and was born on 15 October 1884. (Pension, 14-Dec-1901.) A
group sheet of unknown origin in the possession of the Smithfield
Museum states that Sylvester and Sylvanus were born 15 October 1884 and
died 18 October 1884.
|21 Oct 1885
||Most of Alonzo's children by Clarinda Cutler,
are sealed to him and Clarinda in the Logan Temple. William Goodwin
Noble Raymond, son of Alonzo and Zilpha Noble Raymond, is sealed to
them. (LoganS85. p. 289.) Why were other children not sealed? Were
Alonzo and Zilpha sealed between William's birth and the next child?
|16 Nov 1885
||Alonzo P. Raymond applies for an invalid's
pension for injuries he received as a member of the Mormon Battalion.
He reports he is 65 years old, 5 feet 5 inches
tall, has a light complexion, light hair, and blue eyes. While
a member of the Mormon Battalion, in the service and in the line
of his duty at Seria Nevada Mountain, in the State of Cal. on
or about the last day of Dec., 1846, he contracted rheumatism which
has become chronic. Also about the same time and place he was thrown
from his horse, receveding internal injury to the left side. He
has not been employed in the military or naval service otherwise.
Since leaving the service he has resided in the Town of Smithfield
in the State [Territory] of Utah, and his occupation has been that
of a Rancher. Prior to his entry into the service he was a healthy man.
He is now partly disabed [disabled]. He has not previously received nor
applied for a pension. Alonzo's application is personally signed. It is
also witnessed by W. D. Hendricks and W. H. Homer. (Pension,
|18 Mar 1886
||In 1901, Alonzo states that Mamie Raymond
Bowens, still alive at that time, was born on this day. (Pension,
14-Dec-1901.) According to church records made close to the time of her
birth, Mary Ann was born on this date in 1882. (Smith, pp. 7, 30.)
|11 June 1886
||Alonzo P. Raymond says that since his discharge
from the Mormon Battalion, he has always been in the habit of
prescribing for and treating himself for the chronic rheumatism and
injuries to his left side contracted while in the service because he
has lived almost exclusively in a comunity where there has been no
practicing physician. He suffers from rheumatic pains in his right leg.
He was thrown from the horse and kicked in the left side. (Pension,
|9 August 1886
||Alonzo is examined by Dr. J. C. House in Oxford,
Idaho for his pension application. Near Los Angeles, Cal., about 15
June 1847, Alonzo had incurred an injury to his left side when thrown
from and kicked by a horse. Additionally, he had contracted rheumatism.
His pulse was 63 beats per minute, his respiration, 18. His temperature
was 98 degrees, his height, 5 foot 6 inches, his weight, 120 pounds. He
states his age to be 66. Alonzo states to the doctor that he was thrown
from a horse and kicked in the left side. He states that he has
considerable pain at times in left side every since time of injury,
that the pain is always worse at night, that it becomes more severe as
he grows older, that there is not a night but what he has to get out of
bed and sit up for a time on account of the pain, that he cannot lay on
right side but a little while at time on account of dragging pain
caused in left side, that rheumatic pain is mostly in the
right hip and leg to the knee, he has pain in hip so severe that
he has to stop if walking, when walking he has to support his hip
with his hand, he states that he is not able to work at all.
The examination revealed three scars on his left side near the bottom ribs, the rib has been fractured, "an adhesion of the tissue to the 7th rib at point of fracture tenderness on pressure over the seat of injury, the side slightly contracted. In my opinion from contraction of the Serratus magnus muscles. No Paralysis. The hip joint of the right leg enlarged, tendenitas or presure over joint, the joint stiffened about ¼ degree, atrophy of the adductor longus, sartorius and gracilis muscles, measurement of right leg around place of said muscles 12½ inches. Measurement of left leg same location 14 inches, length of right leg, 36½ inches, of left leg 38 inches, from hip bone to sole of foot, other joints normal, no lesions of the heart.
The doctor rules that it is probable that the disability
is as claimed and gives Alonzo a rating of 6/18
the injury to his side and 10/18 for the
Rheumatism, and an aggregate score of 16/18.
|14 May 1887
||Frank Lester, son of Alonzo and Zilpha is born.
(Smith, p. 30.) Did he die 9 April 1889?
|14 Dec 1887
||Alonzo receives Mormon Battalion survivers
benefit, $8 a month and bounty land claim 16901-160-47. (Pension,
14-Dec-1887.) What does the land claim mean?
|2 Aug 1888?
||Aquilla Raymond, son of Alonzo P
and Zylpha Noble Raymond is baptized by R. A. Bain. (Smith, p.
|25 Jan 1889
||The Farmers Union [grist] Mill begins operation
one-fourth mile upstream from the original grist mill, now owned by
James Mack. (The Mack family was originally the McCracken family.)
(Canyons, pp. 36, 50.) The location is now that
of the James Mack Memorial Park. (HisSmith, p. 107.)
|1890 U.S. Census
The 1890 U.S. Census records were destroyed by a fire in 1921.
|5 Nov 1890
||Louisa's husband, George
Barber dies in Colonia, Diez, Mexico. He is buried 8 Nov 1890 in
|5 Oct 1893
||At Alonzo's dictation, W. G. Raymond writes
Alonzo's application to increase his pension. The application states
that Alonzo is 74 years old. This is probably the source of the 1819
birthdate that William Goodwin Raymond uses thereafter. Alonzo states,
"that he is totally disabled for manual labor in consequence of
Rheumatism & stiff hip joint making it necessary to use a staff and
causing constant pain. That he suffers from indigestion and great pain
in left side caused from a kick by
a horse making it impossible for him to sleep at night. The above
disabilities have troubled him for years growing worse constantly
until at the present time hes almost unable to dress himself or
to rest day or night. That his present means of subsistense is $800
per month pension and the proceeds of two(2) city lots
containing one acre each. That his sole property a house and two
city lots situated in Smithfield, County of Cache, Ter. of Utah. Value
Margin note: "That the amount of a
|24 Nov 1893
||Alonzo's pension increases to $12/month.
|8 April 1894
||Wilford Woodruff, president of
the Church of Jesus Christ, in General Conference commands members to
"trace their genealogies as far as they can .... [having] children
sealed to their parents, and run this chain through as far as you can
get it." Previously, members of the church might do genealogy for only
a few generations, then sealing an ancestor to a prominent church
leader. This landmark
talk changes that.
|6 Feb 1895
||Alonzo begins temple work for many, many
Raymonds and their kin.
"They [Alonzo and Zylpha] made Smithfield their home until their deaths. During his later years and until he became disabled he labored in the Logan Temple for many of his kindred dead--a work which he deemed very important." (Goodwin)
||1900 U.S. Census
For a complete description of each column, see the key below the table.
| Smithfield, Cache, Utah (p. 1A)
| Smithfield, Cache, Utah (p. 1B)
|--------- Vane .
||Son in Law
| Smithfield, Cache, Utah (p. 10A)
|14 Aug 1904||Alonzo dies at 6:30 in his home on a Sunday morning.
According to the death record, Alonzo was a farmer, aged 85, born in
Vermont. He was a married, white, Caucasian of Smithfield, Utah.
Asthema was the cause of death. Pearis Raymond reported the death.
(CacheVR, p. 25, no. 40; Journal, Vol.
XXV, 16 Aug. 1904, p. 1.)
"Alonzo Pearis Raymond died on 14 August 1904, as a consequence of great exposure, hard work and hardships. He contracted rhematism which caused him great suffering and finally his death. Before he died he became helpless....The name of Alonzo Pearis Raymond stands out prominently as a man of faith and integrity and industry in the early history of Smithfield, Utah." (Goodwin)
Alonzo is survived by his 2nd and 3rd wives, Zylpha and Elizabeth.
|16 Aug 1904
||Alonzo's funeral is held at 3:00 pm in the Smithfield tabernacle and he is interred at the Smithfield cemetery. (Journal, Vol. XXV, 16 Aug. 1904, p. 1.)|
|8 Jan 1916||Louisa Elizabeth Raymond Barber dies at Logan, Cache, Utah. (Journal, 11 Jan. 1916, p. 1.) She is buried in the Smithfield Cemetery. Thus passed the last sibling of Alonzo Pearis Raymond.|