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The first trace of the Newman Family of which I claim to be a descendant, landed in the New Jersey area as an Indentured Servant. He arrived in this part of the world around the late 1600's. Indentured service was a form of labor common to the colonial North America. The service contract was for a period of time which was usually seven years. At the end of the period of indenture, the servants were given clothing, a gun and certain amount of land and they were absorbed into the regular population.

Among the indentured servants was a Walter NEWMAN. His apprenticeship was served in Monmonth County, New Jersey. It is believed that the indenture of Walter NEWMAN was paid off in four years. In 1687 he received thirty acres of land which he eventually conveyed to John Kigbin, one of the indentured servants who arrived in America with him.

In 1695, Walter NEWMAN purchased 164 acres from John HANTON of Freehold County of Monmonth for thirty pounds. This acreage was in Neversink's side near Cheesequake. The Town Book of Middletown, East Jersey list the livestock brand authorization"

"Walter NEWMAN his ear mark is a hole in the right ear and a square or half crop off the fore part of the left ear his brande marke is a triangle on the side of the buttocks."

In the Parish Register of St. Mary's of Burlington is recorded August 9, 1704 "Walter NEWMAN had his wife Mary baptized along with nine children....". Since Walter NEWMAN's baptism was not recorded, it is believed he was baptized before coming to America. Also there is no record of the marriage of Walter and Mary, but it appears from the presence of nine children by 1704 they married soon after he completed his indenture. Records of Mary's family name have never been confirmed nor it is not known where her family came from. It is assumed that she was Irish.

There are various transactions of Walter NEWMAN which are recorded from 1708 through 1717. These land transactions seem to carry the family from New Jersey, Pennsylvania and into Cecil County, Maryland. In Cecil County Maryland, Walter leased 280 acres of land in Bohemia Manor from Ephraim A. Herman. This lease also refers to the surviving sons of Walter NEWMAN.

In the vital records of St. Stephen's Parish of Cecil County, Maryland, five youngest children are recorded. The names of the first four children are listed at one time implying that the entries were made several years after their births. These church records show the marriages and births of the children and grandchildren of Walter NEWMAN, which leaves one to believe that they were very active in Parish life.

1. John Newman 1688
2. Mary Newman 1690
3. Rachel Newman 1692
4. Martha Newman 1694
5. Walter Newman, Jr. 1696
6. Sarah Newman 1698
7. Rebecca Newman 1700
8. William Newman 1702
9. Richard Newman 1704
10. Elizabeth Newman 02/02/1707
11. Katherine Newman 08/28/1709
12. Jonathan Newman 02/04/1711 d.10/20/1714
13. Samuel Newman 03/15/1713
14. Jonathan Newman 08/05/1716

The twelfth and fourteenth child have the same name. It may appear peculiar to us today to name a second child the same as a deceased child but was not unusual at that time.

Here are some of the listing in the church register concerning the children of Walter and Mary NEWMAN:

According to the Probate data of the Will of Walter NEWMAN, he died around 1729 in Cecil County Maryland. Probate date of will: FEBRUARY 9, 1729.

After the death of Walter, Mary NEWMAN, widow of Walter, married Thomas MOORE, a widower neighbor. This was the same Thomas MOORE who witnessed the will of Walter NEWMAN. Members of Thomas MOORE's family can be found again in Virginia with Walter's two younger sons, Samuel and Jonathan.

Jonathan NEWMAN, fourteenth child of Walter and Mary NEWMAN, was born August 5, 1716. He married Mary (last name unknown). Jonathan and his family remained in Pennsylvania until 1745. Mary attended the Southhampton Baptist Church in Bucks County, Pennsylvania. She was received by baptism on October 1, 1741. Jonathan is not mentioned as a member of the church. The Southhampton Baptist Church records of October 15, 1756 states that Mary NEWMAN went with her husband to Virginia without a letter of dismissal or recommendation. The reason was probably because there was no Baptist Church in the area to which a letter could be sent.

Later, there is a statement that her husband Jonathan was now dead and a church had been established where she resided, thus a letter of dismissal was granted. On August 15, 1748, the will of Jonathan NEWMAN was recorded in Augusta County, Virginia and Samuel NEWMAN, his brother, was appointed the administrator of the Jonathan NEWMAN estate.

The burial place of Walter NEWMAN, along with his immediate descendants are not known, but it believed it is in a church cemetery. Their graves were probably marked with a wooded cross that has vanished with the passage of time.

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SAMUEL NEWMAN, thirteenth child of Walter and Mary NEWMAN, was born March 15, 1713. He married Martha, last name unknown. The marriage cannot be verified, but Samuel and Martha were baptized on July 12, 1740 in Montgomery Baptist Church, in Colmar, Pennsylvania. It is probable that Martha was of Welsh heritage due to the fact that the Montgomery Baptist Church began as a Welsh language baptist church in 1719.

The Children Date of Birth
Samuel Newman, Jr. Unknown
Uriah Newman Unknown
Martha Newman Unknown
Mary Newman Unknown
Jane Newman Unknown
John Newman Unknown

Samuel was granted land in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania in 1738. The Newman family moved from Cecil County, Maryland shortly after the younger brothers received their inheritance from Walter NEWMAN, Sr.. Samuel and his wife lived in Pennsylvania until around 1744 when they moved into the Shenandoah Valley of western Virginia.

As other Baptist moved into the valley area, they began to hold services in the home of Samuel and Martha NEWMAN. In 1756, the Linville Creek Church was organized. They adopted the faith of the Baptist Association at Philadelphia, 1742. The original members were Reverend John ALDERSON and wife Jane, Samuel NEWMAN and wife Martha, William CASTLEBERRY and wife Margaret with John HARRISON. Samuel NEWMAN became the first deacon and the church clerk. The church later combined with Smith Creek Baptist Church and is now located in the area of New Market, Virginia.

In 1757, Samuel Newman wrote in the church minutes that there were some dissension among the members. He wrote:

The person that Samuel was speaking of was Reverend Alexander Miller a noted Presbyterian Minister of the area. Reverend Miller and some of his friends charged into the service of the Baptist Church one Sunday. Miller proceeded to the pulpit where he began to denounce the doctrine that was being taught at the church. The charges were leveled at Reverend John Alderson and Deacon Samuel Newman. The "difficulties elsewhere" that Reverend Newman mentioned was the French and Indian war which was at this time in progress. The next passage written by Reverend Newman reads as follows:

Samuel and Martha NEWMAN petitioned the Church for letter of dismissal stating they were moving to the Carolinas on April 20, 1765. They received land grant of 450 acres and 150 acres on the spring branches of Bush River in Newberry County, South Carolina.

Worship services were held in the home of Samuel and Martha NEWMAN until a meeting house could be built. The Reverend Samuel NEWMAN was the first pastor of Bush River Baptist Church in Newberry County. The church was built on land donated by Samuel NEWMAN and still stands today listed in the Newberry County as a historical landmark.

SAMUEL NEWMAN, JR. the oldest son of Samuel and Martha Newman. He married EVE CASTLEBERRY in 1760.

URIAH NEWMAN, oldest daughter of Samuel and Martha Newman, married THOMAS GARY.

MARTHA NEWMAN, daughter of Samuel and Martha Newman, married PHILIP PHEAGAN. He is mentioned in the will of The Reverend Samuel NEWMAN.

MARY NEWMAN, daughter of Samuel and Martha Newman, married WILLIAM CROW

JANE NEWMAN, daughter of Samuel and Martha Newman, married JOHN JOHNSTON. They are mentioned in the will of The Reverend Samuel NEWMAN.

JOHN NEWMAN, youngest son of Samuel and Martha Newman, married Mine (last name unknown). His will was signed on August 15, 1780 and probated September 3, 1787. The executors were his wife, Mine NEWMAN and Joseph JOHNSON.

It is believed that The Reverend Samuel NEWMAN and his wife Mary NEWMAN are buried in the cemetery at Bush River Baptist Church and their grave markers no longer exists.

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SAMUEL NEWMAN, JR.. the oldest son of Reverend Samuel and Martha NEWMAN, was born between 1735 and 1741 in Pennsylvania. Samuel Jr.'s estimated marriage to Eve CASTLEBERRY is 1760.

1. Ann Newman 1761
2. Samuel Newman, III 1764
3. William Newman 1766
4. Walter Newman 1768
5 John Newman 1770
6. Mary Newman 1773
7. Zilpha Newman 1778
8. Elizabeth Newman 1781
9. Jonathan Newman 1783
10. Lemuel Newman 1786
11. Margaret Eve Newman 1787

1. ANN NEWMAN, oldest daughter of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1761. She married a man whose last name was LOOPER. No other data available.

2. SAMUEL NEWMAN, III, oldest son of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1764. He married ANNA LOVETT in1795. No other data available.

3. WILLIAM NEWMAN, third child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1766. He married HANNAH SIMMONS I in 1795.

4. WALTER NEWMAN, fourth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1768. He married ARGENT CULPEPPER. No other data available.

5. JOHN NEWMAN, fifth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1770. He married POLLY MARTIN in 1801.

6. MARY NEWMAN, sixth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1773. No other data available.

7. AILPHA NEWMAN, seventh child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1778. No other data available.

8. ELIZABETH NEWMAN, eighth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1781. No other data available.

9. JONATHAN NEWMAN, ninth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1783. No other data available.

10. LEMUEL NEWMAN, tenth child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1786. For more information see "FOOTPRINTS FROM THE PAST" by CONNIE NEWMAN.

11. MARGARET NEWMAN, eleventh child of Samuel and Eve Newman, is estimated to be born in 1787. No other data available.

EVE CASTLEBERRY's parents were WILLIAM and MARGARET CASTLEBERRY. They were two of the original members of the Linville Creek Baptist Church in Virginia. One hundred acres of land in Richmond County, Georgia was sold by William CASTLEBERRY on February 20, 1775 for 27 pounds. The land sale places the Castleberry family in Georgia in 1775. As Connie Newman states in her book. "Samuel, Jr. and his wife--joined her family in Georgia before the death of his father Reverend Newman". The will of Reverend Newman leads you to believe that the land he owned in Georgia was left to Samuel and Eve because he had already made his home in Georgia with his in-laws. The first land records in Georgia on Samuel, Jr. and his wife Eve are in Richmond County on February 6, 1781. "Samuel Newman, planter and wife Eve to Richard Castleberry, blacksmith, all of St. Paul's Parish, land originally granted 1769 to Paul Castleberry". Many land transactions involved Samuel NEWMAN, Jr. in Georgia Counties. His will indicates he is a resident of Washington County, Georgia.

Samuel and Eve were members of the Long Creek Baptist Church in Wilkes County, Georgia before 1786. Many relatives of Samuel and Eve attended this church from the period of 1788 and 1797. Some of the minutes of the church are given here to show that all was not in complete harmony at all times.

Two months later, Richard asked and received a letter of dismissal for himself and his wife. You can see Richard was not a man to cross.

Other Members of the Newman Family were on the roll of the Long Creek Baptist Church, which are too numerous to mention here, and makes for very interesting reading.

The cause of Samuel NEWMAN, Jr's death will never be known, but form the settlement records it can be determined that the sickness that preceded his death had an annoying cough. Money was paid to John HORN for "Rum and Sugar for the last sickness of the deceased". Samuel's wife Eve preceded him in death according to church records.

The burial place of Samuel and Eve CASTLEBERRY NEWMAN are not know, but it is believed they were buried in a lost cemetery or in the Bush River Baptist Church Cemetery.

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JOHN NEWMAN, fourth child of Samuel, Jr. and Eve CASTLEBERRY NEWMAN, is estimated to be born in 1770. He married Polly MARTIN on May 30, 1801. A record of this marriage is reported in the Augusta Herald and the Augusta Journal. John NEWMAN served in the regiment to suppress the violence of the Creek Indians which was enacted by the state of Georgia in October 1787. John NEWMAN had his arm shot of during conflict with the Indians. Listed in the "White's Historical Collection of Early Settlers of Washington County, Georgia" is a John MARTIN who also served in this regiment. John MARTIN is believed to be the father of Polly MARTIN, the wife of John NEWMAN. A definite connection is not made about this relationship of John Martin to Polly Martin. Only the circumstances around this event give credit to this possibility.

The only child of John NEWMAN that is somewhat verifiable is a JOHN MARTIN NEWMAN born June 23, 1802.

Also, there is no positive proof that this John Newman is the son of Samuel Newman, Jr. other than the reference in Georgia 1805 Head of Household which lists him along with the other known sons of Samuel Newman and the fact that he married in the same time span and area of the other children. Connie NEWMAN, researcher, also believes him to be the connection and have added him to the family tree.

Family members have passed down stories recalling Grandma Polly and Grandpa John. It seemed the younger children were afraid of Grandpa John with his missing arm, He would tease him with the stub. Tradition has it that he was a fine carpenter and made his own furniture for his home.

The death of John and Polly NEWMAN are unknown and they were probably buried in a church cemetery and their markers have long since been lost.