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INTRODUCTION

The RAINEY / RANEY Surname DNA Project was established to identify the different lines of the surname worldwide and to create a databank of DNA profiles of male RAINEY / RANEY descendants. This genetic testing project should compliment the normal paper record documentation used in genealogical research. DNA analysis can assist in determining that two or more participants descend from a common male ancestor although it will not identify the specific ancestor. Genealogists researching another spelling of RAINEY / RANEY are encouraged to participate in this project.

JOINING THE PROJECT

Participants must be a male RAINEY / RANEY. Women who are RAINEY / RANEY descendants may choose to sponsor a male RAINEY / RANEY relative such as a father, brother, uncle, cousin, etc. FTDNA has given the RAINEY / RANEY project a discounted price for a Y-DNA 12 marker test or for a Y-DNA 25 marker test or for a Y-DNA 37 marker test. If you choose the 12 marker test, you can always upgrade to the 25 marker test at a later date. Specimen collection kits for the cheek swabs will be sent to participants directly from the lab. Your payment is remitted to the lab with the completed kit. Click on the FTDNA link at the left for more information about surname projects, testing procedures, and to request an authorization to join the RAINEY / RANEY project.

TESTING METHOD

This first part of the DNA project will involving testing the Y-chromosome for genetic matches between males. The Y-chromosome is passed only from father to son generation after generation usually without any significant change. The testing laboratory will be analyzing either 12, 25 or 37 different markers on the Y-chromosome. Participants may choose which DNA analysis to do although the 25 marker test is preferred. Family Tree DNA of Houston, affiliated with Dr. Michael Hammer and the University of Arizona, will coordinate the testing. Project participants will receive a certificate and report from the lab generally describing Y-DNA sequencing and the meaning of the probability between matches.

USING DNA RESULTS

As you find RAINEY / RANEY participants with matching DNA, you should map them to your own family history. The degree to which your DNA matches with another participant will determine how many generations back you have a Most Recent Common Ancestor (MRCA). Two participants who match should compare documented family tree lineages to focus on the missing link between the two families. The purpose of the comparisons is to reduce the uncertainty in the determination of that MRCA until you can identify the individual who is the father of both of your family lines. Genetic testing must be a compliment to the normal paper trail documentation to prove lineages. For more basic information on DNA and using results for genealogical purposes click on the DNA 101 link at the left. This information is provided courtesy of the Blair DNA Project.

RAINEY / RANEY TEST RESULTS

Confidentiality of participants linked to specific results will be maintained. Test results are only identified by the test kit numbers and not by participants' names. The results chart shows test kit number, earliest known proven ancestor of the participant, and the DYS numbers for comparison. Results will be posted for new participants as they are received from the lab. Participants who share a common ancestor will be assigned to groups and an explanation of the possible relationships between those participants will be made. The more participants in the DNA testing project, the better the chances of making definite connections between our RAINEY / RANEY lineages and identifying the MRCA.