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SARRETT/SARRATT/SURRATT Families of America (SFA)©
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World War, II ~ History Summary

Germany invaded Poland on 01, Sep. 1939; Later Norway and Denmark 09 Apr. 1940; Then Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxemburg on 10 May 1940; Then France, reaching Paris on 14 June 1940; Germany invaded Russia 22 June 1941. Great Britain declared war on Germany on 03 Sep. 1939, as did Australia and New Zealand. South Africa declared war on Germany 06 Sep. 1939; Canada declared war on Germany 10 Sep. 1939; Great Britain declared war on Italy 11 Jun. 1940, on Finland, Hungary, and Rumania 07 Dec. 1941, on Japan 08 Dec. 1941, on Bulgaria 13 Dec. 1941, on Thailand 25 Jan. 1942. France declared war on Germany 03 Sep. 1939; On Italy 11 Jun. 1940. Free French (de GAULLE) declared war on Japan 08 Dec. 1941. Italy (under BENITO MUSSOLINI) declared war on Great Britain and France 10 Jun. 1940, on U.S.A. 11 Dec. 1941; Italy surrendered unconditionally on 08 Sep. 1943. Italy declared war against Germany 13 Oct. 1943, against Japan 14 Jul. 1945. Italy signed "Treaty of Peace" 10 Feb. 1947, in Paris with Great Britain, France, U.S.S.R. and the United States.

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, U.S.S.R. (Russia) signed non-aggression pact with Germany in aug. 1939; invaded Poland 17 Sep. 1939, and Finland, 30 Nov. 1939; Russia was invaded by Germany and Romania 22 Jun. 1941; Finland declared war on Russia 25 Jun. 1941; Russia signed "Treaty of Peace", in Paris with Great Britain, France and the United States; Declared war on Japan 08 Aug. 1945; Signed "Treaty of Peace" with Italy, Hungary, romania, Bulgaria and Finland 10 Feb. 1947. Japan invaded French Indochina 22 Sep. 1940; Attacked Pearl Harbor naval station and the Philippines by air on 07 Dec. 1941; and declared war on the U.S.A., Great Britain, Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the Union of South Africa on 07 Dec. 1941; on the Netherlands 11 Jan. 1942; Japan accepted the Allied terms unconditionally 14 Aug. 1945; Japan signed surrender terms 01 Sep. 1945 on board the USS Missouri; Signed "Treaty of Peace" with Great Britain, France and the United States (except U.S.S.R.) and a total of 49 nations at San Francisco, CA. on 08 Sep. 1951.

United States of America U.S.A. After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor naval station and the Philippines by air on 07 Dec. 1941; U.S.A. declared war on Japan 08 Dec. 1941; Germany and Italy declared war on the U.S. 11 Dec. 1941; A few hours later the U.S declared war on Germany and Italy; also Bulgaria, Hungary and Romania 05 Jun. 1942; Signed "Treaty of Peace" with Italy, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria 10 Feb. 1947; Signed "Treaty of Peace" with Japan on 08 Sep. 1951, San Francisco, CA.

On 07 Dec. 1941, the President Franklin DeLano ROOSEVELT:
"At 7:55 a.m. Hawaii time, some 360 Japanese planes attacked Hickman and Wheeler Fields, and the U.S. Pacific Fleet, some 86 ships anchored at Pear Harbor. The Japanese Air Force has totally destroyed our battleship the Arizona. They have severely damaged the Oklahoma, the Nevada, the California and the West Virginia, 3 destroyers, 1 target ship, 1 mine-layer which we can not put back into action. The battleship Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Maryland; Cruisers Helena, Honolulu and the Raleigh have been damaged, but are repairable. Some 2,086 Navy and Marine Officers and men have been killed, and some 749 wounded. The Army has reported some 194 Officers and men killed, and 360 wounded. By the power invested in me I have declared War and retaliation on Japan."

Dec 7, 1941 Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor, - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!  The Japanese attacked in two waves. The first wave was detected by U.S. Army radar at 136 nautical miles (252 km), but was misidentified as USAAF bombers arriving from the American mainland
 Top:
A. Ford Island NAS B. Hickam Field C. Bellows Field D. Wheeler Field E. Kaneohe NAS F. Ewa MCAS R-1. Opana Radar Station R-2. Kawailoa RS R-3. Kaaawa RS G. Haleiwa H. Kahuku I. Wahiawa J. Kaneohe K. Honolulu 0. B-17s from mainland
1. First strike group: 1-1. Level bombers 1-2. Torpedo bombers 1-3. Dive bombers
2. Second strike group: 2-1. Level bombers 2-1F. Fighters 2-2. Dive bombers
 Bottom:
A. Wake Island B. Midway Islands C. Johnston Island D. Hawaii D-1. Oahu 1. USS Lexington 2. USS Enterprise 3. First Air Fleet

Dec 7, 1941 Japan Bombs Pearl Harbor - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Photograph from a Japanese plane of Battleship Row at the beginning of the attack. The explosion in the center is a torpedo strike on the USS Oklahoma. Two attacking Japanese planes can be seen: one over the USS Neosho and one over the Naval Yard! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Pearl Harbor on October 30, 1941 - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! A destroyed Vindicator at Ewa field, the victim of one of the smaller attacks on the approach to Pearl Harbor - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!
Battleship USS Arizona (BB-39) during the attack! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Battleship USS California sinking! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Battleship USS Arizona explodes! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Destroyer USS Shaw exploding after her forward magazine was detonated! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!
Battleship USS Nevada attempting to escape from the harbor! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Battleship USS West Virginia took two aerial bombs, both duds, and seven torpedo hits, one of which may have come from a midget submarine! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! A destroyed B-17 after the attack on Hickam Field! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! Hangar in Ford Island burns! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!
Aftermath: USS West Virginia (severely damaged), USS Tennessee (damaged), and the USS Arizona (sunk)! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo! USS Pennsylvania, behind the wreckage of the USS Downes and USS Cassin! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!    

 Ships Lost or Damaged
 Battleships!   Arizona: Exploded; total loss. 1,177 dead.
  Oklahoma: Capsized, 429 dead.
     Refloated Nov 1943; (capsized & lost while under tow to the mainland May 1947)
  West Virginia: two bombs, seven torpedoes, sunk; returned to service July 1944. 106 dead.
  California: two bombs, two torpedoes, sunk; returned to service January 1944. 100 dead.
  Nevada: six bombs, one torpedo, beached; returned to service October 1942. 60 dead.
  Tennessee: two bombs; returned to service February 1942. 5 dead.
  Maryland: two bombs; returned to service Feb 1942. 4 dead (including floatplane pilot shot down).
  Pennsylvania (Kimmelís Flagship): in drydock with Cassin and Downes,
       one bomb, debris from USS Cassin; remained in service. 9 dead.
 Ex-Battleship!  (target/AA training ship)
Utah: Capsized; total loss. 58 dead.
 Cruisers!  Helena: One torpedo; returned to service January 1942, 20 dead.
 Raleigh: One torpedo; remained in service.
 Honolulu: Near miss, light damage; remained in service.
 Destroyers!  Cassin: in drydock with Downes and Pennsylvania, one bomb, burned; returned to service Feb 1944.
 Downes: in drydock with Cassin and Pennsylvania, caught fire from Cassin, burned; returned to service Nov 1943.
 Shaw: Three bombs; returned to service June 1942.
 Auxiliaries!  Oglala (minelayer): Damaged by torpedo hit on Helena, capsized;
     returned to service (as engine-repair ship) Feb 1944.
 Vestal (repair ship): Two bombs, blast and fire from Arizona,
     beached; returned to service by Aug 1942.
 Curtiss (seaplane tender): One bomb, one Japanese aircraft; returned to service Jan 1942. 19 dead.

On 12 Apr. 1945 the 32nd President Franklin DeLabo ROOSEVELT of New York, died while in office at the age of 63 years. The Vice- President, Harry S. TRUMAN, from Independence, Missouri took over the nation at this burdensome times.

Some four years later from the bombing of Pearl Harbor to 04 May, 1945 the German armies began surrendering; Germany signed Unconditional Surrender on 07th. May 1945 at 2:41 a.m., French time, in Rheims Headquarters.

They designating cessation of operations on 09 May 1945 at 12:01 a.m., London time. Surrender also was signed in Berlin on 08 May, 1945 and was celebrated as V-E Day.

On 06th. of Aug. 1945, President Harry S. TRUMAN only after being in office for some 4 months authorized the use of the first Atomic Bomb to be dropped by plane over Hiroshima, Japan (pop. 343,969). The second drop was authorized on 09 Aug. 1945 over Nagasaki, Japan (pop. 252,630). The estimates of those who died from the these bombs and radiation exposure vary, but records indicate Hiroshima was 80,000 to over 200,000; Nagasaki, 39,000 to 74,000. Japan surrendered and accepted the Allied terms unconditionally on 14 Aug. 1945, Japan formaly signed the surrender terms 01 Sep. 1945 on board the USS Missouri, Far Eastern Time, celebrated as V-J Day.

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Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.! - Click on Thumbnail for Larger Photo!  These records are part of the "Genealogy Computer Package" *** PC-PROFILE *** Volume - II. Sarratt/Sarrett/Surratt Family Profile© Compiled and self Published in Oct. 31, 1989 by Paul R. Sarrett, Jr. with the assistance of my late mother Click on Redball for More Info. Mrs. M. Lucille (WILSON) SARRETT (1917-1987) These 1989 "Work-Books" were compiled by listing the various families, born, married, died, and a history of that family branch. In 1996 I started "Up-Loading" this material on the now called SFA© Series...prs
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Text - Copyright © 1996-2012 Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.
Created: Dec. 01, 1996; Jan. 25, 2005  Dec. 19, 2005  Aug 30, 2012;