|These pages were created and designed with cooperation of my late Cousin, Kenny E. CHRISTENSEN, dec'd (1929~1996, 66yrs) Coin, Page Co., Iowa. He was a USMC, Staff-Sgt. with the 1st Bat., 1st Division and was at <--- The Battle of Inchon (Sep 15th to 19th, 1950) and at <--- The Battle of Chosin Reservoir (Nov 27th to Dec 13, 1950)....Paul R. sarrett, Jr. [USMC 1959-1964]|
The Korean War
(25 June 1950 – Armistice signed 27 July 1953) was a military conflict between South Korea, supported by the United Nations, and North Korea, supported by the People's Republic of China (PRC), with military material aid from the Soviet Union. The war was a result of the physical division of Korea by an agreement of the victorious Allies at the conclusion of the Pacific War at the end of World War II.
The Korean peninsula was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the end of World War II. Following the surrender of Japan in 1945, American administrators divided the peninsula along the 38th Parallel, with United States troops occupying the southern part and Soviet troops occupying the northern part.
The failure to hold free elections throughout the Korean Peninsula in 1948 deepened the division between the two sides, and the North established a Communist government. The 38th Parallel increasingly became a political border between the two Koreas. Although reunification negotiations continued in the months preceding the war, tension intensified. Cross-border skirmishes and raids at the 38th Parallel persisted. The situation escalated into open warfare when North Korean forces invaded South Korea on 25 June 1950. It was the first significant armed conflict of the Cold War.
The United Nations, particularly the United States, came to the aid of South Korea in repelling the invasion. A rapid UN counter-offensive drove the North Koreans past the 38th Parallel and almost to the Yalu River, and the People's Republic of China (PRC) entered the war on the side of the North. The Chinese launched a counter-offensive that pushed the United Nations forces back across the 38th Parallel. The Soviet Union materially aided the North Korean and Chinese armies. In 1953, the war ceased with an armistice that restored the border between the Koreas near the 38th Parallel and created the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), a 2.5-mile (4.0 km) wide buffer zone between the two Koreas. Minor outbreaks of fighting continue to the present day.
With both North and South Korea sponsored by external powers, the Korean War was a proxy war. From a military science perspective, it combined strategies and tactics of World War I and World War II: it began with a mobile campaign of swift infantry attacks followed by air bombing raids, but became a static trench war by July 1951.
|The 1st Marine Division is a marine infantry division of the United States Marine Corps headquartered at Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton, California. It is a subordinate unit of the "I Marine Expeditionary Force" (I MEF). It is the oldest and largest active duty division in the United States Marine Corps, representing a combat-ready force of more than 19,000 men and women. It is one of three active duty divisions in the Marine Corps today and is a multi-role, expeditionary ground combat force. It was nicknamed "The Old Breed".||1950, Jun 25th||North Korean forces invade South Korea.||1950, Aug 02nd||1st Marine Provisional Brigade lands at "Pusan", South Korea.||1950, Sep 15th||1st Marine Division makes assault landing at "Inchon" on the West coast of Korea, retakes "Seoul".||1950, Nov 02nd||Marines engage Chinese Communists in North Korea near the "Chosin Reservoir".||1950, Nov 23rd,||Thanksgiving Day, 7th Marines take "Yudam-ni."||1950, Nov 28th||After repulsing8 Chinese Divisions, 1st Marines begin epic "Breakout" on December 1st.||1951, Apr 09th||President TRUMAN relieves Gen. MacARTHUR.||1951, Jun 20th||1st Marine Division reaches "The Punchbowl" in Korea.||1952, Jun 28th||Congress sets US Marines Corps' strength and gives USMC Commandant equal status on the Joint Chiefs of Staff in matters of curnsern in the USMC.||1953, Jul 27th||Armistice signed at "Punmunjon" Korea.|
The Battle of Inchon, Korea ~ Sep 15th to 19th 1950||
Battle of Inchon" code name: "Operation Chromite" was an amphibious invasion and battle of the Korean War that resulted in a decisive victory and strategic reversal in favor of the United Nations (UN).
The operation involved some 75,000 troops and 261 naval vessels, and led to the recapture of the South Korean capital Seoul two weeks later.
The battle began on September 15, 1950, and ended September 19. Through a surprise amphibious assault far from the Pusan Perimeter that UN and South Korean forces were desperately defending, the largely undefended city of Incheon was secured after being bombed by UN forces. The battle ended a string of victories by the invading North Korean People's Army (NKPA). The subsequent UN recapture of Seoul partially severed NKPA's supply lines in South Korea.
The majority of United Nations ground forces involved were U.S. Marines, commanded by General of the Army Douglas MacARTHUR. MacARTHUR was the driving force behind the operation, overcoming the strong misgivings of more cautious generals to a risky assault over extremely unfavorable terrain.
The Battle of Chosin Reservoir, Korea ~ Nov 27 to Dec 13, 1950||
The "Battle of Chosin Reservoir",
from 27 November to 13 December 1950, also known as the
"Chosin Reservoir Campaign" or the
"Changjin Lake Campaign". was a decisive battle in the Korean War.
Shortly after the People's Republic of China entered the conflict, the People's Volunteer Army
9th Army infiltrated the northeastern part of North Korea and surprised the US X Corps at
the Chosin Reservoir area. A brutal 17 day battle in freezing weather soon followed.
In the period between 27 November and 13 December 1950, some 30,000 United Nations (UN) troops
(nicknamed "The Chosin Few") under the command of
Major General Edward Almond were encircled by approximately 60,000 Chinese troops under the command
of Song Shi-Lun. Although Chinese troops managed to surround and outnumber the UN forces, the UN forces
broke out of the encirclement while inflicting crippling losses on the Chinese.
The evacuation of the X Corps from the port of Hungnam marked the complete withdrawal of
UN troops from North Korea.
|These records are part of the "Genealogy Computer Package" *** PC-PROFILE *** Volume - II. Sarratt/Sarrett/Surratt Family Profile© Compiled and self Published in Oct. 31, 1989 by Paul R. Sarrett, Jr. with the assistance of my late mother Mrs. M. Lucille (WILSON) SARRETT (1917-1987) These 1989 "Work-Books" were compiled by listing the various families, born, married, died, and a history of that family branch. In 1996 I started "Up-Loading" this material on the now called SFA© Series...prs|