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John H. SURRATT, Jr.
(1844-1916)
Chapter 13.

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Accused No. 9: 
Son of Mrs. MARY E. (JENKINS) SURRATT, was alleged 
involved in the Plot-to-Capture, but escaped punishment.  JOHN H. 
SURRATT claimed he was in Canada on Friday, April 14, 1865 and 
thus could not have taken part in the plot. He stayed in Canada 
and was kept in hiding by a Catholic Priest, all during the 
Trial; Later went to Europe, was captured escaped, went to Egypt 
was recaptured and brought back to America in 1866; Was on trial 
for 2 months June - August, 1867; was reprieved by a Hung Jury, 
was not released from prison until June 1868. Later married and 
had Seven Children.

See Biographical Profile on JOHN H. SURRATT, Sr. for Continuation of this Family.

At LINCOLN's second inauguration, that took place March 4, 1865, 
on the steps of the Capitol building, the famous Washington 
photographer ALEXANDER GARDNER made several exposures of the 
great spectacle. One of his exposures did not show President 
LINCOLN at all because a careless fingerprint on the emulsion of 
the still wet negative blotted him out as he stood at the 
speaker's stand. What this picture does show, was something that 
none of the other exposures did. Up behind the railing of the 
right-hand buttress, peering almost directly down on Mr. LINCOLN 
is the handsome, inscrutable face of JOHN WILKES BOOTH and 
equally astonishing, just beneath the speaker's stand, only a few 
feet from the President, are five of the men who were part of the 
assassination plot. POWELL/PAINE, ATZERODT, HEROLD, SPANGLER and 
JOHN H. SURRATT. [REF: #5. pg35

In the War Department, April 20, 1865 REWARD POSTER for the 
MURDERER of President LINCOLN  identified BOOTH, HEROLD & JOHN H. 
SURRATT, list a $25,000 Reward for John as "one of BOOTH's 
Accomplices." [REF: #5.pg106
This same Poster gives the following Description:
"JOHN H. SURRATT, is about 5 feet 9 inches. Hair rather thin 
(this is a Sarrett family characteristic ..prs) and dark; 
eyes rather light; no beard. Would weigh 145 or 150 pounds. 
Complexion rather pale and clear, with color in his cheeks. Wore 
light clothes of fine quality. Shoulders square; cheek bones 
rather prominent; chin narrow; ears projecting at the top; 
forehead rather low and square. but broad. Parts his hair on the 
right side; neck rather long. His lips are firmly set. A slim 
man."

In REF: # 8. list "It is believed that he was supposed to kill 
General GRANT  at the same time that JOHN WILKES BOOTH 
assassinated LINCOLN"; This writer can find No record to indicate 
that JOHN H. SURRATT was supposed to kill GRANT ..prs

In REF: # 1. pg14 reports that JOHN H. SURRATT, Jr.'s second 
Cousin WILLIAM M. SEAMAN, supplied them (Date and Location Not 
listed ..prs with the following facts:

LINCOLN was shot shortly after 10:00 P.M. on 14 April 1865 [REF: #5. A few 
hours later authorities visited SURRATT's residence at 541 H Street 
to question the occupants.

In REF: # 5, page 189 indicates the authorities, did not 
come to the house until late Monday, 11:30 P.M., April 17th ..prs

On the 17th they arrested all those in the house.

On one of these raids they (authorities) seized papers and personal 
items from the house, including letters written by Aunt 
BELL SEAMAN, age 21 to second cousin JOHN H. SURRATT, Jr. and his 
sister Miss ANNIE SURRATT.

On April 20, 1865 the Provost Marshall (Named Unknown) for the 24th 
District of Pennsylvania came to the home of my Grandfather 
THOMAS SEAMAN and confiscated at least two letters of cousin JOHN H. SURRATT, 
Jr.  to my Aunt BELL SEAMAN.

One of these letters was from Post Marked from Montreal, Canada, 
signed "John Harrison". the SEAMAN family admitted that it was in 
cousin JOHN HARRISON SURRATT's handwriting.

On this same day of April 20th my Aunt BELL SEAMAN wrote to cousin 
Miss ANNIE SURRATT saying that the authorities had seized the letter, 
which she said was written on the 10th April, in Montreal, Canada, 
mailed the 11th, and delivered to her on the 17th April. This she 
wrote, was sufficient proof the cousin JOHN H. SURRATT could not 
have been the attacker of Secretary SEWARD as he was accused.

This writer can NOT find any record where JOHN H. SURRATT, Jr. 
was accused for the attack on Secretary SEWARD. All records found 
indicate POWELL/PAINE was the attacker and he was hanged for it.

In REF: # 1. page 14 list the April 20th letter from BELL SEAMAN to Miss 
ANNIE SURRATT was never delivered. This letter ended up in the 
War Department Files. On the envelope is written, over the 
postmark, "Taken from the P. O.", apparently in Washington 
Co., PA. or Washington D.C. This letter was never introduced as 
evidence that JOHN H. SURRATT, Jr. could hardly have been in 
Washington, D.C. at the time of President LINCOLN'S murder on 
April 14, 186 [REF: #5. Some of the correspondence between BELL SEAMEN 
and her cousins JOHN H., Jr. and ANNIE SURRATT are to be found on 
National Archives microfilm. Two other letters from  JOHN to BELL 
are recorded in BAKER'S "History of the United States Secret 
Service."

Another letter from BELL SEAMAN in Wheeling, West VA. to ANNIE 
SURRATT dated 19 March 1865 has a curious page, perhaps a bit of 
doodling, that says, "ANNA SURRATT presents MARY BELL SEAMAN 
to JOHN WILKES BOOTH, National Hotel, Washington, D.C."

End of Chapter 07.


BACK
The Conspirators Index
 
Chap.
F.Name
L.Name
b. d.
Subject
01.
Abraham
Lincoln
1809-1865
Profile
02.
John W.
Booth
1838-1865
Profile
03.
John W.
Booth
1838-1865
Pursuit, Death & Burial
04.
The
Conspirators
 
Trial of the Assassins
05.
Samuel B.
Arnold
1834-1906
Profile
06.
George T.
Atzerodt
1832-1865
Profile
07.
David
Herold
1844-1865
Profile
08.
Samuel A.
Mudd
1833-1933
Profile
09.
Michael
O'Laughlin
1840-1867
Profile
10.
Lewis T.
Powell
18??-1865
Profile
11.
Edward "Ned"
Spangler
18??-18??
Profile
12.
Mary E. (Jenkins)
SURRATT
1817-1865
Profile
12.1
Mary E. (Jenkins)
SURRATT
1817-1865
Genealogy FGS
13.
John H., Jr.
SURRATT
1844-1916
Profile
13.1
John H., Jr.
SURRATT
1844-1916
1870 Lecture
13.2
John H., Jr.
SURRATT
1844-1916
Genealogy FGS
14.
The
Conspirators
 
End of Nightmare for the Doomed!
15.
The
Conspirators
 
Notes & Reference

E-Mail: Paul R. Sarrett, Jr., Auburn CA.

Text - Copyright © 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999 20000 Paul R. Sarrett, Jr.
Created: Dec. 01, 1996; Revised: Feb. 25, 2000