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 Charles Higdon Harper

Contributed by: Daniel O'dell Gregory

© 2007

Charles H. Harper enlisted as a Private in Captain Henry B. Day’s unlettered company (Confederate) which was raised from men who resided in Sumner and Macon counties. The company was mustered in at Camp Trousdale on December 17, 1861 in Sumner County, Tennessee and was placed in the 55th (McKoin’s) Tennessee Confederate Infantry Regiment which was organized at Camp Weakley, near Nashville, Tennessee on January 30, 1862. At the Battle of Shiloh on April 6-7,1862, the 55th Infantry was in General Pillow’s Division and General A. M. Wood’s Brigade. The casualties of the 55th were so heavy after the battle that it the regiment was consolidated with the 44th Tennessee Infantry Regiment which also had endured heavy casualties. This consolidation occurred on April 18, 1862 and the consolidated regiment was designated as the 44th Tennessee Infantry Regiment Consolidated. C. H. Harper served in this regiment until July 3, 1862 when he was discharged as a non-conscript. Evidently, Charles returned to Sumner County, Tennessee for on September 1, 1862 in Hartsville, Tennessee he enlisted for a 3 year term in the 9th Tennessee Cavalry which was Col. J. D. Bennett’s Battalion and in General John Hunt Morgan’s Brigade (Morgan’s Raiders). Charles was to serve in companies E, G, and H. Upon enlistment he provided his own horse and was paid $24.00 for the service of said horse. The 9th Cavalry didn’t have to wait long for an engagement as one occurred on September 2, 1862 on Dickerson Pike in Nashville, Tennessee. After serving briefly under General Wheeler, the outfit was under General John Hunt Morgan and was involved in the capture of Hartsville, Tennessee on December 7, 1862, though the 9th Cavalry was not actively engaged as their assignment was to cover the roads leading to Gallatin, Castalian Springs, Lafayette, and Carthage. After spending some brief time in Murfreesboro, Tennessee (at this time General Morgan was married and his troops gave him a torchlight procession) the 9th participated in General Morgan’s famous Christmas Raid on December 25, 1862 in Glasgow, Kentucky. This evidently wrapped up the Civil War career of Charles H. Harper as his records state that he deserted on January 20, 1863. Thus his military career lasted just over two years and he served in both the infantry and cavalry.

* Charles Higdon HARPER was born in 1833 in Trousdale Co., TN.  He was the son of Edmond & Elizabeth S. Martin Harper. Edmond HARPER was born on 10 Feb 1787 in Warren Co., NC. He died on 25 Jul 1844 in Sumner Co., TN. He was buried in Old Harper Cemetery, Trousdale Co., TN.  Edmond HARPER and Elizabeth S. MARTIN were married on 29 Sep 1813 in Warren Co., KY. Elizabeth S. MARTIN (daughter of John MARTIN) was born on 11 Aug 1793 in VA. She died on 18 Mar 1863 in Sumner Co., TN. She was buried in Old Harper Cemetery, Trousdale Co., TN.

Charles Higdon HARPER and Elizabeth Jane CRENSHAW were married on 3 Apr 1852 in Sumner Co., TN. Elizabeth Jane CRENSHAW (daughter of Andrew Jackson CRENSHAW and Amy LATHAM) was born in 1837.

* See Edmond and Elizabeth (Martin) Harper Family


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