TSL&A Microfilm Roll # 133,
Compiled by Jan J. Barnes
June 2, 1894
News From Gallatin:
The past week has been one of much interest in the closing exercises of
the several schools of Gallatin. This year witnessed the fifty-seventh
anniversary of Howard Female College, which is under the protective wing
of the Order of Odd Fellows, and excellently managed by President A. M. Burney,
an educator of forty years experience. He has been at the head of Howard
College for the past twelve years, and the school is now more prosperous
than in any year of Its existence.
The following compose the graduating class of 1894: Miss Lucy Harris, Tennessee; Miss Anna Bronaugh, Arkansas; Miss Jennie May Austin, Mississippi; Miss Nora Milliken, Tennessee; Miss Bettie Murphree, Tennessee; Miss Edna Myers, Illinois; Miss Jessie McGee, Tennessee; Miss Blanch Flanaghan, Mississippi; Miss Maggie White, Tennessee; Miss Willie Chrisman, Tennessee; Miss Euzini Smith, Tennessee; Miss Hatty Brady, Tennessee.
The programme of the closing exercises was as follows: Olio, Friday night, May 25; art exhibition, Tuesday and Wednesday, May 29 and 30; class day in college Tuesday, May 29; annual reports read, seniors presented to the board, and contests for medals and certificates decided; commencement day, Wednesday, May 30, baccalaureate ceremonies; anniversary address by Hon. James W. Blackmore.
Mr. and Mrs. R. G. Gillespie have returned from a visit to Louisville, Lexington and Cynthiana.
Miss O'Bryan and the Misses Bass have returned to their homes in Nashville after a visit to Mrs. J. A. Trousdale.
James O. Baber has been sick for the past week.
Mrs. Ida Tomkins visited friends in Nashville this week.
J. B. Malone, Esq., has returned from a trip to New York City.
County Clerk Harris Brown attended the Ewell Farm sale at Spring Hill this week.
Thos. K. Henley is able to be out again after an illness of two weeks.
Mrs. C. R. Head and daughter, who had been visiting relatives in Dixon Springs, passed through this city Wednesday, en route to their home in Chattanooga.
Walter Whiteside, of Nashville, spent several days this week with relatives here.
Tom Epperson, of Nashville, was in the city Wednesday.
Frank Allen, of Nashville, was here several days this week.
Misses Claribel Turner and Nellie Prince are visiting friends in Lebanon.
Miss Edna Myers, of Indiana, is the guest of Miss Sallie Holder.
Mr. and Mrs. Brady, of Fountain Head, were here this week to attend the exercises at Howard Female College.
Miss Margaret Allen is visiting relatives in Nashville.
Thos. Anderson has returned from a short visit to Forrest Springs.
Miss Kate Seay is visiting friends in Nashville.
Miss Edna Allison is visiting friends in Lebanon.
June 4, 1894
Met in Gallatin and Selected Delegates
A mass-meeting was held here to-day at the court-house to select delegates
to the Gubernatorial Convention at Nashville. W. C. Dismukes was made
Chairman and F. W. Lewis and Thos. Boyers, Jr., were chosen secretaries.
A committee on resolutions was appointed, consisting of Geo. W. Boddie,
David Chenault, Henry Worsham, Robert Wright, Jr., S. F. Wilson, H.
H. Bate, and Henry Dunn, who reported resolutions endorsing the course
of Gov. Turney, Senators Harris and Bate, Congressman McMillin, State Senator
Dismukes, Representatives Trousdale and Newsom, after which the meeting was
addressed by S. F. Wilson.
The following were selected as delegates to the gubernatorial convention: Robert Bryson, J. H. Bate, George Harsh, J. A. Darnall, Charles Robb, Harris Brown, J. A. Trousdale, C. W. Gray, J. B. Malone, G. M. Jordan, W. E. Cantrell, W. C. Franklin, Black Dunn, Ed Fite, Horatio Berry, H. H. Utley, Jos. Cantrell, S. Givens, A. Kizer, Harry Hutchison, J. A. Pillow, Rufus Smith, Dr. Dunkin, R. Briggance, R. P. White, A. E. Bell, R. G. Gillespie, D. C. Douglass, Syd. Ray, J. F. Branham, E. A. Woodson, J. E. Carter, J. W. Malone, J. T. Rippy, F. Link, M. Witham, A. B. Dinning, J. Brackin, J. Anthony, W. F. Butler, C. T. Pond, J. McGlothlin, T. Wright, S. Wise, J. M. Smart, B. Bailey, R. M. Hester, W. T. McGlothlin and the officers of the convention.
Following the report of the Committee on Resolutions, which was adopted at the mass-meeting:
The Democrats of Sumner County, in mass-convention, again proclaim their abiding faith in the spirit and principles of Democracy as the true conservator of individual liberty and as the sufficient source of general prosperity and general happiness, in so far as they depend upon government. With trust in the people and faith in their capacity for self government, Democracy, in the institution of government and in its operation under laws enacted in conformity to the public will, demands equal and exact justice to all and that every freeman shall, under the laws, have a fair opportunity to work out his own destiny and enjoy the fruits of his toil, energy and manhood. Distress and poverty, tramps and beggars, want, crime and ruin visit not the country at the call or under the teachings of Democracy. . .
We heartily commend our Senators, William B. Bate and Isham G. Harris, for their manly and patriotic course in the present Congress. Faithful in their high trust to the people, the Democrats of Sumner honor them now and will remember them in the future.
Benton McMillin, our member of Congress has been honest and faithful to his constituents, during his long career in Congress, and is entitled to our approval, and it is here heartily extended.
Gove. Peter Turney has been true to his high trust as Governor of this commonwealth, and we cheerfully endorse his administration of state affairs, and trust that his health and strength will enable him to faithfully serve this people another term as their chief executive.
Our State Senator, W. C. Dismukes, and our Representatives, J. A. Trousdale and A. B. Newsom, were faithful to the trust confided to them in their course in the General Assembly of this State, and it is a pleasure to say of them: "Well done, true and faithful servants."
George W. Boddie
R. B. Wright
W. Henry Worsham
W. H. Dunn
H. H. Bate
S. F. Wilson
The following resolutions were offered by Hon. W. C. Dismukes and adopted by the convention:
"Resolved, that the Democracy of Sumner County, in convention assembled, that in view of the attempts to destroy silver as money, it is the sense of this convention that our emphatic approval should be given, as we here do give it, to the doctrine of the fathers, and especially to the action of our state and national conventions in 1892 on the silver question.
"Resolved, That we heartily endorse the course of our Senators, Isham G. Harris and William B. Bate, on this great question.
"Be it further resolved, That what the great masses of the people understand the Chicago platform to mean was that silver should be restored to what it was prior to 1873; and we now, here and forever, are in favor of free and unlimited coinage of silver upon a ratio of 16 to 1, with the mints wide open, and a restoration of the silver dollar of 87 1/2 grains, as the unit of value,
"Resolved, That we condemn and repudiate the idea of an American Congress delegating its powers under the Constitution to an international congress to fix and determine the value of our money."
News and Notes
The Sumner County resolutions seem to endorse Senator Bate's idea that silver is a saint.
The only party in the country that has ever declared for the free coinage of silver in a national platform is the Populist party, and it is likely to preserve that unique position.
The American endorses the Sumner pronouncement with such enthusiasm that its position on the silver question may at last be taken as clearly defined. It stands with Rice Pierce and the Populists and probably will not again insist on a literal enforcement of the Democratic platform or propose a suspension of either gold or silver coinage when such a course may become necessary.
The Sumner County Resolutions
The meeting of Sumner County Democrats held last Saturday, and led by Messrs. S. F. Wilson and W. C. Dismukes, has given the first and only enunciation made this year by a Democratic convention in favor of the free and unlimited coinage of silver at a ratio of 16 to 1. Even the Missouri convention, with Mr. Bland himself on the Platform Committee, conceded the necessity of an equalized ratio, and except among Populists the cry for silver coinage without some kind of safeguard seemed to be abandoned. There is no reason given by the Sumner County resolutions for the extreme position taken except the sentimental one that free coinage was in vogue among the fathers. It was the practice prior to 1873, and without regard to any change in conditions since that date they think it should be returned to, not for the better financial condition that might follow so much as "the sake of auld lang syne". The following is an excerpt from the resolutions adopted:
"Silver and gold, at a defined ratio to each other, were the primary money of this republic, and this people, from its organization to 1873, when silver was demonetized. This act of demonetization was not called for by the people and not expected by them. The reinstatement of this metal to its original monetary function has again and again been demanded by the people. Mistaken, unmindful or unfaithful public servants have ignored their demand.". . .
The resolutions need looking into with a calm reason and in the light of historic truth. In the first place, there could be no return to the monetary conditions previous to 1873. It is utterly beyond the power of Congress to enact any legislation that would produce such a result. There have been causes over which these United States have no manner of control that have served to greatly depreciate the price of silver bullion, and while the 871 1/2 grains of pure silver was worth a little over $1.03 in gold for some years prior to 1873, the same amount of the white metal is now worth only about 54 cents. The main reason for this decline is found in the following figures: From 1866 to 1870 the ratio of the world's production of gold and silver by weight was 12.7 to 87.3. As far back as 1850 the ratio was 18.4 to 81.6. Since 1890 it has been on an average of 4 to 94. This is a natural cause that no legislation could possibly reach. It has come of the great increase in production of silver caused by the opening of many new mines and the use of many improved appliances for securing the ore at a diminished cost. . .
The Sumner County resolutions also err in the statement that the people have demanded a return to free silver coinage. The national convention of no party, save that of the Populists, has ever made such a demand. It has never been made an issue in a national campaign, and there is no good ground for the belief that a majority of Democrats favor any such fanciful and unreasonable policy.
Hon. S. Frank Wilson got in his work in great shape in the Democratic convention held in Gallatin last Saturday. The resolutions adopted by the meeting were in Frank's characteristic style and constituted a sort of campaign address which in is phraseology reminds one much of his quandam speeches upon the bustings. This address, so far as it relates to national politics, is not in accord with the National Democratic platform, but is more clearly in line with the financial demands of the Populists. It carefully avoids commendation of the Democratic President, and makes a covert thrust at him with other prominent Democrats who have stood up for sound money to whom it refers as those who have abused their trust and for whose "treason" the party is not responsible.
Although this remarkable address--which needed not Mr. Dismukes addendum to make its financial theory impossible--was adopted by a Democratic meeting it is not approved by all of the Democrats of Sumner. While Messrs. Wilson and Dismukes are popular and influential propogandists, who may be able to move the masses by argument and eloquence, there are many sound money Democrats in Sumner who cannot accept Mr. Wilson's views on finance as orthodox Democratic view. The attempt to press the Wilson anti-administration-- free silver coinage at 16 to 1--policy upon the Tennessee Democracy in the coming campaign would not augur well for Democracy.
June 5, 1894
The Turpin Case
Witnesses for the State examined in the Court at Lebanon
Lebanon - The case of the State vs. E. B. Turpin for the killing of William Carter in Gallatin a couple of years ago, was called in the Circuit Court yesterday afternoon, and both sides announcing ready for trial, the remainder of the afternoon was spent in selecting the jury. The examination of witnesses for the state was begun this morning at 8 o'clock. Up to noon only eight witnesses - John Witherspoon, John Barber, F. H. Lassiter, Dr. R. M. Foster, Dr. H. B. Haynie, Miss Ella Lewis, F. W. Lewis, and Frank Pierce - have been examined. Nothing new has yet developed. The attorneys from the Nashville bar in attendance are: For the state, W. H. Washington; for the defense, A. J. Caldwell and John Vertrees.
June 6, 1894
The Gallatin School
The Annual Report Read and the Teachers' Re-Elected.
The Board of Education of the public schools, consisting of Dr. Thomas M. Woodson, William Hall, Thomas Boyers, Dr. A. J. Swaney, James W. Blackmore, and B. F. Allen, held their meeting yesterday to hear the annual report of Superintendent C. S. Douglass. The report was very satisfactory. The number of pupils was 719. The cost per pupil was $1.29. The school is of a high grade. The annual election of teachers took place, all of the old teachers being re-elected. They were C. S. Douglass, superintendent; Assistants, Miss Lizzie Bell, Miss Nellie Simpson, Miss Vena Stewart, Miss Mollie Heermans, and Miss Jennie Gloster, and in the colored school B. G. Gordon principal, Rev. Peter Vertrees and Mrs. Lottie Chenault.
June 8, 1894
A Pleasant Occasion
A Dance Given in Honor of Miss Katalee Seay
(Shelbyville) Miss Katalee Seay, of Gallatin, the guest of Miss Jessie Baskette, was honored by young gentleman friends with a dance last night at the hospitable home of Dr. and Mrs. Douglass Hayes. An elegant collation was served during the evening. There were present: Dr. and Mrs. Douglass Hayes, Mr. and Mrs. E. B. Cooper, Misses Katalee Seay, Jesssie Baskette, Jo Fogleman, Tommie Roane, Laura Butler, Mary Butler, Lula Owens, Pierre Coleman, Mary Shepard. Myrtle Skeen, Mrs. Walter Cannon, Messsrs. R. F. Frierson, Albert Frierson, S. G. Coble, W. A. Shapard, Geo. Fogleman, J. A. Rice, Scudder Ryall, C. G. Parker, Weakley Ruth, Paul Coleman, C. V. Houston, T. C. Baskette, John Frierson, and Thomas Coble.
June 9, 1894
Turpin is Acquitted
The Jury at Lebanon Brings in a Verdict of Not Guilty
Result of the Fourth Trial Arising out of the Killing of William Carter at Gallatin
The jury in the celebrated Turpin case brought in a verdict of not guilty this morning, and Capt. E. B. Turpin, indicted for the murder of William Carter in Gallatin two years ago, was given his liberty at 9 o'clock. The defendant was very much affected by the jury's verdict and fainted dead away when it was announced. Tears were streaming from his eyes when he was led from the court-room by his counsel.
The trial which has just ended is the fourth Turpin has had. In the first trial at Gallatin he was convicted and sentenced to be hanged and in the next two trials at Lebanon, a change of venue having been taken to this county on affidavit of the defendant, the trials resulted in a hung jury. The case was given to the jury last Thursday evening, thirty-six hours, therefore, being consumed in arriving at their decision.
Miss Maggie White, of Gallatin, is the guest of Miss Lillie Bernal, of Boscobel street.
Miss Pattie Collier, of Gallatin, died in this city at noon today after a long attack of typhoid fever. The body will be taken to Gallatin this afternoon and the funeral will take place there to-morrow.
Suicide of Joseph Hughes Near Gallatin Yesterday
Joseph Hughes, an old Confederate soldier, and a member of Donelson Bivouac, cut his throat yesterday in a fit of despondency, and was found dead by the roadside. He was permanently disabled and had been in receipt of a pension from the state, which had been discontinued. This is said to be the cause of the rash act. He was in Company C, Twenty fourth Tennessee Infantry. He had before swallowed laudanum. It is thought to end his life, but was resuscitated by medical treatment.
The Gallatin Examiner wades into that great Sumner County convention red-eyed. The Examiner mildly insinuates that the convention didn't know what it was doing - in short, acted like the fool. This, however, was not surprising as the Populites were mostly in the majority in said convention and when a crowd of pops come together if they don't act the fool it will simply be because they have to adjourn before they can do anything.
The Sumner County Meeting:
The Democratic "mass-meeting" in Gallatin, which was engineered with such a reckless abandon of success by Messars. S. Frank Wilson and William C. Dismukes, and which was induced to adopt Frank's characteristic and therefore extraordinary resolutions giving aid and comfort to Populism, was heralded by the American as a grand gathering of the hosts of Sumner County Democracy. The Banner did not believe that the Democracy of old Sumner was fully and truly represented in that mass-meeting and it expressed the opinion that the ill-advised resolutions adopted by the meeting were not in accord with the sober and sensible views of very many of the Democrats of that county.
The Gallatin Examiner, one of the oldest and staunchest of Democratic journals, commenting upon the action of the meeting, strongly disapproves of the finanacial views advanced, and with good argument shows how untenable a position the platform presents. The Examiner closes its article with these words:
And now a closing word. The Sumner County pronouncement of last week does not voice the views of a large majority of citizens. Possibly a large number of people despairing of tariff reform by Congress, have become discontented and have fallen in with this Populistic idea of a silver cure for all ills but the great body of our Democrats will not be tolled away into the new heresies of the day.
We believe that a very large majority of our best and most intelligent people are as sound as a gold dollar on the currency question and no not approve of the Populist utterances of last week.
But for the fact that the meeting has been heralded through the American as a grand gathering of Sumner County Democracy creating a false idea of its numbers, we might not have been tempted to state that the numbers were counted by several and their count only varied from 71 to 80 as being present, while it is affirmed that of these the goodly number of thirty well known Populists were a part, and voted in the proceedings. . . .
Miss Mollie Brazier, of Castalian Springs, is the guest of Mrs. J. N. Conquest, on Belmont avenue.
Mr. Robert Elkin, of Gallatin, has been visiting his daughter, Mrs. C. R. Alexander, of Lawrence avenue.
King Solomon Lodge, of Gallatin, will celebrate St. John's Day in appropriate manner Sunday, June 24. Rev. J. D. Barbee will preach the sermon in the Methodist Church and the lodge will attend in a body. All Masons are invited.
Miss Edith Roberts, of Nashville, is visiting the family of H. Berry.
Miss Jennie Fite will visit Miss James, of East Nashville, this week.
Miss Lizzie Butler is visiting friends in Gallatin.
Misses Alice and Louise Crutcher, of East Nashville, are visiting Mrs. Edgar Mann.
Mrs. Horatio Berry is quite sick with la grippe.
Mrs. J. W. Fite, who has been quite sick, is convalescing.
J. L. Doxey has returned from a visit to Madison.
The Sumner High School closed on Friday last. The commencement exercises will take place Tuesday evening, June 19. The pupils and their friends will be addressed by Rev. Dr. Decken, of Franklin, KY.
The Hendersonville ball team went to Hartsville Saturday last and defeated the Hartsville club in an excellent game.
Hendersonville has a debating club which meets every Saturday evening. Dr. A. H. Guabay is President of the club.
The storm of last Thursday wrecked a large hay barn on the farm of R. L. Long. The barn had just been completed at a cost of $300.
Gallatin, June 18 - Passengers arriving here on the Chesapeake & Nashville accommodation train bring the news of a killing which took place Saturday evening in the lower part of Allen County, Ky., on the Scottsville and Lafayette turnpike. All the facts could not be ascertained, but it was learned that two young men, John Nash and Hirshel Brown, became involved in a difficulty, resulting in Nash cutting his adversary on the leg, severing the femoral artery, from which he bled to death. It is reported the killing was done in self-defense.
Miss Lucy Henley, of Gallatin, is the guest of Misses Sadie and May Trafford, Woodland street.
Sheriff Andrew McGlothlin returned yesterday evening from Scottsville, where he had captured Tut Johnson, charged with the killing of Gilbert Reeves in this county last winter. It is said the two men became involved in a difficulty over a woman when Johnson shot and killed his rival, after which he made his escape and has been at large until apprehended yesterday. He was lodged in the Gallatin jail.
Franklin, Ky. - Hiram Travis was convicted today in the Circuit Court here of robbery, and his punishment was fixed at four years in the penitentiary. The case is sensational on account of the high standing of the young man's family.
Mr. John F. Jackson, of Sumner County, who died on the 19th inst. at Colorado City, Col., will be buried at Friendship, Sumner County, at 11 o'clock Sunday morning. The body accompanied by friends will be taken to Friendship to-night, leaving the city at 12 o'clock.
News reached here this morning of what promised to be a small race war at a negro church, known as the old Taylor field, in the Sixteenth Civil District of this county, yesterday. Saturday evening two white men, Albus Meadows and John Ausbrooks, met Ben Martin, colored, on the public road and a quarrel ensued, the negro drawing a pistol upon the two men. Matters, however, were quieted without any bloodshed and the parties separated. Yesterday Meadows and Ausbrooks swore out a warrant for Martin's arrest. Constable Thomas Bradley and Wes Hardin, armed with a warrant, proceeded to the church, where a meeting was in progress, to apprehend the negro. Waiting until after services were over they told their man to consider himself under arrest. Before that, however, Constable Bradley told Hardin that if the negro should offer any resistance to shoot him. Upon being accosted by the officers the negro attempted to draw a pistol, whereupon Hardin shot him in the left arm. At this juncture Frank Dorris, a white by-stander, grasped the negro and disarmed him. Then a fight began.
The negroes, about three hundred in number, surrounded Hardin and overpowered him. He was knocked down and his pistol taken away from him. Three attempts were made to kill him, but each time the pistol failed to fire.
The negroes then turned on Constable Bradley, who had Bradley? in charge, and fired at him, whereupon the officers, seeing that they were at great disadvantage, fled for their lives. Martin was soon spirited away and is now in hiding across the Kentucky line.
Mayor Guild received a telegram yesterday from the Mayor of Franklin, Ky., asking that two fire engines and hose be sent to check a fire which was threatening to destroy the town. Mayor Guild turned the telegram over to Mr. Stainback but before he could find another member of the board and Chief Carell, another telegram came saying that the engines would not be needed. The fire caused a loss of between $20,000 and $30,000.
Diseases That were Prevalent in Tennessee in May
During May, according to the State Board of Health Bulletin, the principal diseases in Tennessee, named in the order of greater prevalence, were dysentery, malarial fever, consumption, diarrhea, lung diseases, acute typhoid fever, whooping cough, mumps, measles, scarlet fever, chicken pox, diphtheria and rheumatism.
Franklin, Ky. Yesterday afternoon fire broke out in the Bottomly building, on the east side of the Public Square. The flames spread rapidly, and soon five business houses were in ashes. The losses of property are: John Bottomly, business house; Mrs. Fisher, two houses and a half interest in one other; John Smith, business house, and stock of drugs damaged; D. C. Walker, wall of building injured; Mrs. Vallandingham, wall of building injured; Moore & Co., stock of drugs damaged; Brown & McClain, stock of groceries damaged by moving; H. K. Mitchell, stock of drugs damaged. Every house on that side of the Public Square was emptied of its contents, which were damaged more or less. The loss is $20,000 or $30,000 with very little insurance. The origin of the fire is not known.