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Sumner County, Tennessee
In the Civil War

By Edwin L. Ferguson

Chapter Twelve

 

Abstracted with editing by E. J. Keen, 1997 / 1998

Permission granted by David, son of Edwin L. Ferguson


The 7th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion

Organized November 15, 1861 , at Camp Jim Davis. Epperson Springs, Macon County. Mustered into Confederate Service at Camp Sandy Barnes, Gallatin in December 1861. Reorganized June 13, 1862, by order of General Bragg under the Conscript Act and merged with the 1st (McNairy's) Battalion to form the Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. As there was already a 2nd Regiment on official rolls, at Richmond this was officially designated the 22nd Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. This caused some confusion as the regiment was known by both designations.

Lieutenant Colonel: James D. Bennett.

Major: Baxter Smith.

Company A, Captains: Baxter Smith, Henry E. Boude. Men from Sumner County.

Company B, Captain: Chris L. Bennett. Men from Sumner County.

Company C, Captain: Edward P. Tyree. Men from Castalion Springs.

Company D, Captain: Micajah Griffin. Men from Fountain Head.

Company E, Captain: Adolphus B. Cates. Men from Smith County.

Company F, Captain: J. T. E. Odom. Men from Sumner County.

Lieutenant Colonel Bennett resigned by reason of bad health on May 27, 1862. His resignation was accepted July 29, 1862, by General Bragg.

The Battalion was on duty scouting. picketing and guarding in Macon County, Tennessee and Allen and Monroe Counties, Kentucky, and at Carthage, guarding supplies for General Zollicoffer. Then guarding the L & N Railroad above Gallatin during the retreat from Bowling Green of the Confederate Army. Here they received a rather famous order "To keep the railroad open whether they could or not". Then fighting in the battle of Shiloh where a member of the command received the surrender of General Prentiss command.

The Battalion was reorganized under the Conscript Act June 13, 1862. In the merger with the Is, Battalion company letters were changed and Companies A and C were consolidated to form D of the 2nd or 22nd Regiment. E and F were consolidated to form G Company, B formed E and Company D formed F. The rest of the Regiment was made up of three companies of the 1st (McNairy's) Battalion plus three independent companies.

As officers were elected by the men of the command, the officers were not at all happy about having to be up for election again and Colonel Bennett, Major Smith, all of the captains and a number of the lieutenants went home. Most of them engaged in service with Other commands Major Smith finally became Colonel of the 8th Tennessee Cavalry, Captain Odom returned to duty with this same 22nd Cavalry and Colonel Bennett recruited another command, the 9th Tennessee Cavalry.

Company A, 7th Tennessee Cavalry Battalion

Later known officially as Company D, 22nd Cavalry

Recruited at Hartsville, Trousdale County, then Sumner County, October 19, 1861.  An * after the name denotes continued service after becoming Company D in the 2nd, or officially, 22nd Cavalry.

Baxter Smith - Captain. Resigned at the reorganization June 12, 1862, and raised the 4th Cavalry Regiment, known officially as the 8th Cavalry.

Henry A. Boucle - Captain. Succeeding Smith. Not elected at the reorganization. Later Chaplain in Douglass Cavalry Battalion, later by consolidation the 11th Tennessee Cavalry.

W. N. Montgomery - 1st Lieutenant. Resigned at reorganization.

George W. Love* - 2nd Lieutenant. Killed at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Having a premonition of death, he made arrangements for notification of his sister and for $325 in back pay to be given his brother.

E. O. Elliott* - Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant. Made Sergeant-Major December 11, 1861. Acting Quartermaster June 13, 1862.

Thomas R Love* - Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant. In battle of Shiloh. Discharged on disability from rheumatism and lung trouble at Tupelo, Mississippi, July 1, 1862.

Moses X. Treadway* - Sergeant Adjutant, June15, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued $35 furnished by William Moore.

Taylor P. Hamilton* - 2nd Sergeant. Discharged on disability June 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by self.

Hezekiah S. Solomon - 3rd Sergeant. Discharged and killed by accident. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Vince Collier.

Robert Duncan* - 4th Sergeant. Captured. Exchanged, then fatally wounded. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Levi Donnell.

Edmund J. Bullock* - 1st Corporal. Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant, May 31, 1864. Captured at Medon, Tennessee, September 1, 1862. Exchanged October 31, 1862. Detailed to Quartermaster Department. Mortally wounded at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Dr. Brown.

John Stiles - 2nd Corporal. One year enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15 furnished by G. Weinstein. Enlisted in Company G, 7th Tennessee Cavalry.

Elias Jeff Buck, Sr. - 3rd Corporal. Detailed on special duty June 1, 1864.

George W. Johnson - 4th Corporal. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15 furnished by David Campbell. Enlisted in Company F, 9th Cavalry, also see.

James W. Rutledge* - Bugler. Enlisted in October 1861. In battle of Shiloh and several skirmishes. Discharged on disability at Tupelo, Mississippi, June 17, 1862. Chronic diarrhea and deafness, was from Sideview. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15 furnished by James Love.

William T. Horner - Blacksmith. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Anderson, Alexander - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Jack Gillespie.

Ayers, William* - Killed at Paducah, Kentucky, March 23, 1864. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by Vince Collier.

Bailey, Ed - Captured at Corinth, Mississippi, while acting as a Courier.

Bolie, Edward* - Captured at Corinth, Mississippi, May 28, 1862. Exchanged. Captured at Nashville, December 27, 1864. Oath. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by self.

Barnes, Thomas J. - Captured at Columbia, Tennessee, October 3, 1864. Sent to Camp Chase, Ohio, where he died December 2, 1864. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15 furnished by self.

Bayless, Richard B. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Reenlisted in Company K, 4 3rd Tennessee Infantry and was killed.

Belcher, John - See Company I, 2nd Tennessee Infantry for first record. Enlisted expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company C, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see. Seemed to have more patriotism than health. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Thomas Love.

Blackmore, Andrew J.* - Enlisted for 12 months. Served seven months and was discharged for disability caused by Bronchitis. Discharged June 6, 1862. From Hartsville. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25 furnished by Rev. John Parker.

Bradley, Wesley - Enlisted October 19, 1861, for one year. Transferred to Company E, 30th Tennessee Infantry, also see.

Brassell, Henry T. - In battle of Shiloh and several skirmishes. Discharged on disability at Fulton, Mississippi, May 13, 1862, on disability from chronic diarrhea and heart trouble. Went home to South Tunnel. Arrested by U. S. forces under General Payne. Given choice of oath or going to prison. Chose oath. Shotgun furnished by W. W. West. Value $20.

Brown, George T.* - Killed in Tory fight in Alabama, October 26, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by self.

Brown, William B.* - Captured at Medon, Tennessee, near Jackson , September 1, 1862. Exchanged. Mortally wounded and died at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864.

Brown, Thomas - Captured and died in prison.

Buck, John - Enlisted October 19, 1661 for one year. Double barreled shotgun valued at $12 furnished by J. D. Evans. Enlisted in Company F, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Cantrell, John M.* - 2nd Lieutenant, May 16, 1864. Enlisted at Gallatin, October 12, 1861. Wounded at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

Cantrell, James M.* - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun Furnished by H. B. Boude. Enlisted in Company A, 16th Tennessee Infantry.

Carr, John Doak* - Enlisted in April 1861. Detailed as Wagon Master, October 31, 1863. Cut down the U. S. Flag at the storming or Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Wounded April 2, 1865, At Selma, Alabama. Prior service in Company I, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, also see.

Carter, William N. - In battle of Shiloh and several skirmishes. Discharged on disability from chronic diarrhea and deafness at Corinth, Mississippi, June 12, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30 furnished by self. From Sideview.

Claiborne, J. J.* - Transferred to Company K, 20th Tennessee Infantry after Shiloh, also see.

Clark, Samuel - Discharged on disability at Corinth, Mississippi, June 8, 1862. Never paid.

Clenny, Henry* - Prior service in Company C, 7th Tennessee Infantry, also see. Enlisted November 29, 1862, at Saltillo, Mississippi. On detached order of General Stephen D. Lee. On Forrest's Raid into Memphis, August 24, 1864, was injured twice. Thrown by horse on pavement and a fall on stairway at the Gayoso Hotel trying to capture the Union Commander General Hurlbut, whose night habits caused him to be away, thus avoiding capture. Shown present to battle of Nashville, December 16, 1864, after which went home.

Conley, Michael "Pat"* - Wounded December 31, 1862, at Murfreesboro. Deserted January 25, 1864, on retreat from Nashville. Double barreled shotgun valued at $2 furnished by Baxter Smith.

Crockett, Thomas W.* - Detailed as Courier for General Beale. Captured February 10, 1862. Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, in September 1862. Wounded at Chickamauga, Georgia, September 19, 1861. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

Deshae, John - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun furnished by self. Not valued.

Dobbins, Greenberry* - Wagon Master till October 31, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by self.

Dodd, James K. "Tobe"* - 4th Corporal, June 15, 1862. Wounded at Medon, Tennessee, September 1, 1862. Wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864.

Duffer, Robert A.* - Bugler. In battle of Shiloh. Had Camp Fever soon after Shiloh, sick four or five weeks. Discharged on disability at Corinth, Mississippi, from Chronic diarrhea. Forced by General Payne at Gallatin, to take the oath or go to prison. Took oath.

Durrett, Francis Ed* - Captured at Springfield, Tennessee, February 25, 1863. Sent to Camp Chase, Ohio. Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, November 29, 1863.

Eden, Alfred - Died at Corinth, Mississippi in 1662. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by E. B. Smith.

Elliott, Simon F. - In all of General Forrest's battles after Shiloh. Prior service in Company I, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, also see. Transferred after battle of Shiloh.

Faidley, Charles F. M.* - Deserted August 11, 1863. Captured by U. S. forces as a deserter, August 14, 1863. Took the oath August 17, 1863. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by Baxter Smith.

Fielding, William* - Detailed as Courier for General Beale, May 1, 1862. Captured. Sent to Penitentiary at Louisville, Kentucky.

Franklin, Abraham R.* - Discharged on disability from Consumption at Tupelo, Mississippi, January 20, 1863.

Franklin, A. A. - Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862, while guarding retreat after battle.

Franklin, Smith C. - Enlisted December 7, 1861 for one year. Wounded and discharged on disability. Enlisted in Company G, 9th Cavalry, also see.

Franklin, John - Discharged at Fulton, Mississippi, June 28, 1862.

Gillespie, John Fields* - Assistant Surgeon. Detailed as Courier for General Beale.

Harper, William T.* - Regimental blacksmith. Detailed as Teamster. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by Baxter Smith. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama May 11, 1865.

Grant, William Campbell "Sandy" - Blacksmith. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. From Pleasant Shade. Enlisted in Company G, 9th Cavalry, also see.

Harrel, John F. - Detailed as Courier for General Beale. Captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana on courier duty, April 1, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by P. C. Parker.

Harris, John B. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by T. R. Love.

Harris, J. Overton* - 1st Sergeant, June 15, 1862. Captured at Medon, Tennessee, September 1, 1862. Exchanged September 1,1862. Detailed to Commissary Department.

Harris, Obediah E. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company A, 2nd Tennessee Cavalry "Ashby's".

Henley, George* - Captured at Port Hudson, Louisiana with John F. Harrel acting as couriers for General Beale. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by self.

Henley, James* - Captured at Bolivar, Tennessee, February 5, 1864. Sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois, where he died July 20, 1864 of chronic diarrhea. Grave No. 1199 in Chicago City Cemetery.

Henley, Smith - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in the 11th Cavalry Battalion, which became the 22nd Tennessee Cavalry "Smith's".

Holder, John C. - Discharged on disability at Corinth, Mississippi, June 12, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by W. N. Montgomery.

Hamer, William T. - Blacksmith. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Hughes, George L.* - Blacksmith. Discharged on disability at Corinth, Mississippi in June 1862.

Hullett, James A. - Blacksmith. Discharged on disability. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by Baxter Smith.

Humphrey, John - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Hunter, J. C. - Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by W. H. Campbell. From Mt. Vernon Community of Sumner County.

Ireland, Rufus M.* - Enlisted October 19, 1861 at Hartsville. Made Corporal. Served years enlistment. Enlisted in Company D, 9th Tennessee Cavalry. Transfered back to this company. In battles at Shiloh, Brice's Crossroads, and Fort Pillow. Wounded at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by self.

Jarvis, John L. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by self.

Joyner, Thomas H.* - Enlisted October 19, 1861. Discharged on disability from chronic diarrhea. Captured at home by General Payne's forces. Sent to City Point, Virginia. Exchanged, went back to regiment. In battles at Brice's Crossroads, Johnsonville, 2nd Murfreesboro, Nashville, and others. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by self. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

King, Dempsey* - Captured at Egypt Station, Mississippi, December 28, 1864. Sent to Alton, Illinois, then to Camp Douglas, Illinois. Paroled on oath.

King, Joseph* - Enlisted January 25, 1862. Transferred to Company D, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, August 27, 1862, then back to this company. Wounded at Mud Creek, Alabama, June 20, 1863, mini ball inside right thigh, causing Ulceration of Varicose Veins. In hospital two months. Captured at Bolivar Tennessee, February 5, 1864. Sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois. Paroled May 15, 1865.

Lee, Andrew J.* - Discharged January 20, 1863. Captured by Yankees in Sumner County as a deserter. Released on oath. Prior service as Corporal in Company G, 24th Tennessee Infantry.

Lee, John E.* - Killed at Town Creek, Alabama, July 15, 1864. Double barreled shotgun valued at $10, furnished by John Parker.

Love, George W. Sr.* - Discharged June 12, 1862, at Fulton, Mississippi. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by John Walsh.

Love, Hugh E.* - Discharged June 12, 1862, at Fulton, Mississippi. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by self. Enlisted in Company A, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, August 30, 1862.

Love, Silas W.* - Discharged January 20, 1863. Captured as a deserter by the Yankees in Sumner County, May 23, 1863. Sent to Fort McHenry, Maryland, then to Fortress Monroe, Virginia. Furnished horse valued at $1,500. Double barreled shotgun valued at $12 furnished by George Love, Jr.

Martin, Joseph D.* - Detailed as scout by Colonel Barteau. Captured in Maury County, Tennessee. Had deserted December 10, 1863. Sent to Louisville Penitentiary. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by W. T. House.

May, William H.* - Enlisted October 19, 1861. Had Measles at Decatur, Alabama in 1862, followed by chronic diarrhea that lasted 30 years after the war. Captured January 15, 1863. From South Tunnel.

Malone, Edward D.* - Enlisted October 19, 1861 for one year. Reenlisted. Captured at Franklin, Kentucky, September 22, 1863. Enlisted in the 11th U S. Cavalry. Died of pneumonia, April 3. 1864. Grave No. 85 in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Kentucky. Double barreled shotgun furnished by O. F. Neel and valued at $20.

Malone, John W. - Prior service in Company C, 19th Tennessee Infantry. Enlisted this company November 19, 1862. In battles at Corinth, Tupelo. Harrisburg, Okolona, Tuscumbia, Paducah and Fort Pillow. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

McCarthy, Patrick - Discharged January 20, 1861. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by Baxter Smith.

McCormack, James A.* - Wounded at Harrisburg , Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by W. N. Montgomery.

McGuire, Thomas J. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by self.

Moore, John A.* - Detailed to Commissary Department. Deserted March 27, 1865. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by J. A. Tompkins.

Moses, Samuel D. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by C. C. Cantrell.

Murphy, John W.* - Captured. Paroled June 5, 1865. Furnished horse valued at $1,000. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by William F. Summers,

Owsley, William W. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $35, furnished by self.

Porter, William J.* - Wounded and captured at Woodburn, Kentucky, in late 1864, on General Lyon's Invasion of Kentucky and Tennessee. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by O. P. Hart.

Prewitt, John W.* - Fierier. Detailed as scout. Captured at Gallatin, December 4, 1864. Sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by A. H. Coats.

Pucket, James John* - Killed at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864.

Ray, Alexander E.* - Prior service in Company G, 28th Tennessee Infantry in which he was wounded in jaw and shoulder at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. Discharged on disability at Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862. Enlisted in this company and was accidentally wounded May 28, 1864. Deserted.

Ray, Sidney* - Captured at Bolivar, Tennessee, sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois. Exchanged. Deserted August 26, 1863. Joined Ellis Harper's Guerillas. Captured at Franklin, Kentucky, October 9, 1864, sent to Camp Morton, Indiana, then to Fort Delaware, Maryland. Paroled on oath February 20, 1865.

Renfro, Pleasant* - Died at Corinth, Mississippi, in June 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by W. N. Montgomery.

Rickman, William T.* - Captain. Enlisted December 3, 1861. In tattles at Shiloh, Okolona, Harrisburg, Brice's Crossroads, Fort Pillow and Paducah. Wounded in right thigh at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Detailed by General Forrest with detail composed of Washington N. Warren, Orville H. Freedle, Green Williams, John F. Lewis and William Crabb, to operate on the L & N Railroad in the Mitchellville swamps north of Richland. Finding the railroad too heavily guarded, he instructed the squad to go to their homes for a few days. Individual records show what became of these men. Captain Rickman rejoined the regiment and was paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

Rutledge, Fountain - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Rutledge, John W.* - Deserted August 26, 1863, with Sidney Ray. Double barreled shotgun valued at, $10, furnished by James Love.

Ryan, James* - Wounded at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30 furnished by self.

Seagraves, S. T. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Seay, William T. - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi in June 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by self.

Shaw, William* - Died in hospital at Okolona, Mississippi, May 27, 1862.

Stone, Stephen M. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by self

Tabb, Thomas T. T. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Thompson, John - Killed at Shiloh, April 7, 1862.

Tompkins, John A.* - Present, but wounded. Captured at Bolivar, Tennessee, February 4, 1864, sent to Alton, Illinois, then to Point Lookout, Maryland.

Wells, James M.* - Given furlough December 10, 1863, and did not return. Double barreled shotgun at $15, furnished by R. Kallum.

Wells, William T.* - Detailed as Police on train between Okolona and West Point Mississippi, by order of General Ferguson. Had no horse. Captured at West Point, Mississippi, February 24, 1864, sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois, then to Alton, Illinois. Released on oath February 2, 1865. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by F. A. Goosetree.

Williamson, Rush R.* - Corporal. Shown present through October 1863. Furnished horse, valued a t $1,000. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by self. By reorganization, he was placed in the 21st - 22nd Regiment to surrender at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

Wilson, Richard J.* - Prior service in Company B, 7th Tennessee Infantry. Captured. Escaped. Enlisted in this company April 9, 1862. Deserted November 30, 1864. Furnished horse. valued at $1,000. Double barreled shotgun, valued at $30 furnished by self.

Wilson, John B. - Prior service in Company A, 7th Tennessee Infantry. Then enlisted in this company. Captured August 4, 1863. Paroled in May 1865.

Wilson, R. M. - Prior service in Company A, 7th Tennessee Infantry. Enlisted in this company October 19, 1862 for one year.

Winn, Robert S.* - Deserted March 24, 1863. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by self.

Please remember that an * after the, name avoids a service record on the 2nd or 22nd Tennessee Cavalry.

Muster Roll for Company B, 7th Cavalry Battalion

Later Known Officially As Company E, 22nd Cavalry Regiment

Recruited at Hartsville, then Sumner County in October 1861. An * after the name denotes continued service after becoming Company E, in the 22nd or 2nd Tennessee Cavalry.

Chris L. Bennett - Resigned at Tupelo, Mississippi at the reorganization of the regiment. Recruited Company D, 9th Cavalry, also see.

Robert B. Allen - 1st Lieutenant. Resigned at reorganization. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished, by self. Enlisted in Company C, 38th Tennessee Infantry.

John D. Stalker - 2nd Lieutenant. Not reelected at reorganization. Enlisted in Company F, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Zackfield W. Martin* - 1st Sergeant. Captured at Franklin, Kentucky, September 22, 1863. Enlisted in the U. S. Army, died in U. S. hospital at Louisville, Kentucky, April 2, 1864, of Pneumonia. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by C. L. Bennett.

Thomas J. Carman* - 2nd Sergeant. Made 3rd Lieutenant. Made Bvt. 2nd Lieutenant. Made 1st Lieutenant, in March 1865. Led his company at the storming of Fort Pillow. Commanded the company during the Hood Invasion of Tennessee. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865. From Dixon Springs.

William H. Bennett - 3rd Sergeant. Discharged on disability June 14, 1862. Enlisted in Company H, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by Peter J. Avarett.

George T. Blackwell - 4th Sergeant. Discharged with disability June 6, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by Sur Stalcup.

Joseph H. Fleeman* - 1st Corporal. 3rd Sergeant, October 28, 1863. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Bailey P. Kerley* - 2nd Corporal. Sergeant-Major, October 13, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by self.

James F. Day* - 3rd Corporal. Came from Alabama to enlist with relatives in this company.

Thomas M. Bradley* - 4th Corporal. 1st Corporal. 4th Sergeant, June 13, 1862. John Neeley furnished double barreled shotgun valued at $35.

Newton K. Carr* - Bugler. Wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Wounded at Paducah, Kentucky, in March 1864. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by W. T. Adams. John B. Crank* - Bugler. Discharged. under age, June 17, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by Newton K. Carr. Enlisted in Company G, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Thomas J. Crank* - Bugler. Deserted Dec. 13, 1864. Oath at Nashville. Double barreled shotgun valued at $35, furnished by Tandy Harris.

Henry S. Sacra* - Blacksmith & fierier. In battles at Shiloh and Farmington. Blacksmith to end of war. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 11, 1865.

James B. McMurtry* - Fierier. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. $50 bounty for reenlisting. Discharged as a non-conscript at Egypt, Mississippi, February 28, 1863. Over age. Enlisted in Company E, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Adams, James W * - In hospital at Okolona, Mississippi, August 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company F, 7th Tennessee Infantry.

Allen, Archer* Captured at Hartsville, December 15, 1862. Released on oath.

Allen, Chelton * - In battles at Shiloh, Tennessee; Okolona, Mississippi; Brice's Cross Roads, Mississippi; Athen, Alabama; Fort Pillow, Tennessee; Paducah, Kentucky; Harrisburg, Mississippi; Franklin, Tennessee, and Nashville. Wounded at Brice's Cross Roads and at Harrisburg. Deserted March 27, 1865. Oath at Nashville, May 3, 1865. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30 furnished by Wilson T. Martin.

Allen, S. William P.* - Discharged on disability at Canton, Mississippi, August 18, 1862.

Avarett, James D. - Discharged on disability June 14, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by self. Enlisted in Company H, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Ball, Howell "Boney" - Enlistment for one year expired October 17, 1862.

Ball, J. Tennessee* - On detached service. Deserted in July 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by C. L. Bennett.

Barron, James W.* - One year enlistment expired October 17, 1862.

Bass, John* - Wounded at Courtland, Alabama, in July 1862, and discharged on disability.

Bass, Reuben* - Wounded April 1, 1865,

Bell, Quinton Sarver - Enlisted October 19, 1861, at Epperson Springs, Macon County, Tennessee. Wounded in left hand at Shiloh, April 6, 1862. Transferred to Company F, 6th Tennessee Cavalry. Discharged on disability at Tupelo, Mississippi, in June 1862. Brought home, helpless by brother Alfred E. Bell. Learning that the U. S. 54th Cavalry was looking for him he went to Hartsville to enlist in the 9th Cavalry, September 1, 1862. Was refused reenlistment on physical condition. Went home.

Blankenship, Joel - Wounded at Britton's Lane, September 1, 1862. Captured at Tupelo, Mississippi, May 5, 1863, sent to Alton, Illinois.

Blankenship, Smith* - Discharged on disability at Okolona, Mississippi, in January 1863. Captured by U. S. forces in Macon County, Tennessee, May 26, 1863, sent to Camp Chase, 0hio. Paroled June 24, 1865. Here we see a disregard of a physical discharge, not from age. Union forces seemed to make a habit of this.

Brevard, Golman D.* - Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, May 14, 1862. Made 3rd Sergeant, June 3, 1863, then made Sergeant-Major. Wounded at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864.

Brown, James W. - Wounded at Shiloh, Tennessee, April 6, 1862, and died from wound in hospital at Corinth, Mississippi.

Brown, James Burnett - Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by R. Franklin. Transferred to Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, also see.

Brown, M.* - Discharged. No date or reason given. Also shown in Company C, 5th Consolidated Infantry.

Buckingham, Peter* - Captured at Gallatin, December 23, 1864, trying to visit home after Battle of Nashville, sent to Camp Chase, 0hio. Released on oath February 15, 1865. Was a Corporal.

Buckingham, Thomas L.* - Sergeant. Discharged. No date or place given.

Buckingham, William* - Captured in Smith County, Tennessee, November 17, 1862. Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi, November 29, 1862. No further record.

Burke, Henry T. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company E, 49th Tennessee Infantry.

Burke, John R. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by John Cox. Enlisted in Company A, 15th Tennessee Infantry.

Burke, William - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in an Infantry Regiment, not given.

Burrow, Joseph* - Wounded at Britton's Lane, September 1, 1862, (Near Medon, Tennessee). No further record given.

Burrow, James William* - Wounded at Denmark, Tennessee, September 21, 1362. No further record available.

Carman, William Bransford - Enlisted October 19, 1861, at Epperson Springs, Macon County. Exposure to wet and cold caused Rheumatism. Discharged on disability January 25, 1862. Unfit for duty 40 days in two months. Left sick, came in on evacuation of Bowling Green, February 27, 1862, following surrender of Fort Donelson.

Carr, William Lafayette* - Detailed to the Commissary Department, then detailed as Courier for Dr. Ford. Paroled May 10, 1865.

Clark, Rasbus P.* - Discharged on disability June 11, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by Booker Wilson.

Collins, John B.* - Enlisted October 19, 1861. In all battles of the regiment to end of war. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Collins, Wright L.* - Corporal. Enlisted October 19, 1861. In battles at Shiloh, Corinth and many others. Wounded at Fulton, Mississippi, May 7, 1862. Detailed as Teamster, then detailed to Artillery. Captured in Hardeman County, Tennessee. Exchanged. Paroled at Stanton Depot, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Cornwell, Josiah* - Discharged at Okolona, Mississippi, June 30, 1863. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by S. B. Pryor.

Curtis, Bennett - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, January 20, 1862.

Curtis, Josiah* - Shown Present through October 1863.

Day, Dimeon* - Enlistment for one year expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by C. L. Bennett.

Day, Phillip* - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Day, William H. - Prior service in Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, also see. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by John DeBow.

DeBow, William A.* - Captain, June 15, 1862, then Major. Wounded and captured at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 13, 1864. Sent to Rock Island, Illinois. Double barreled shotgun valued at $40, furnished by self.

DeBow, Richard G.* - Sergeant, Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry at the reorganization after Shiloh. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

DeBow, Grant A. - Sergeant. Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry after Shiloh. Deserted at Corinth, Mississippi February 12, 1864.

Dixon, P. S. "Pate"* - Discharged. Captured in Macon County, Tennessee. Paroled on oath June 11, 1863. Another case of a discharge not being honored.

Donoho, Charles L.* - Discharged. Captured on Goose Creek, Trousdale County, then Sumner, August 25, 1863, sent to Camp Chase, Ohio. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by R. B. Allen.

Dotson, Hiram C. - Thrown from horse at battle of Corinth, Mississippi, October 3, 1862, and ruptured. Sent to hospital at Okolona, Mississippi. Discharged on disability at Okolona, Mississippi, January 25, 1863 . Applied for a pension, No. 796. No record of service in 9th Tennessee Cavalry, from which service he applied.

Draper, Thomas J.* - Detached on special duty, July 25, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by C. L. Bennett. Enlisted in Company E, 28th Tennessee Infantry.

Duke, Micajah* - Transferred from Company C, 24th Tennessee Infantry, March 1, 1862, also see. Detailed as nurse for his brother who was wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Duke, William J. - Transferred from Company C, 24th Tennessee Infantry, March 1, 1862, also see. Wounded at Fort Pillow, Tennessee, April 12, 1864. Nursed by his brother named above. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Earles, Thomas J. "Dink"* - Discharged June 17, 1863. Enlisted in Company G, 9th Tennessee Infantry, also see.

Fuller, John F.* - Record illegible. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by C. L. Bennett. Later served with an Infantry Regiment.

Fleeman, James M.* - 3rd Sergeant, September 28, 1863. Blacksmith. Discharged on disability from Rheumatism in June 1864. Carried home to Alton Hill by P. S. Dixon. Was a month getting home.

Gammon, William C. - Enlisted for one year, October 19, 1861. Enlistment expired. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by Gid Gifford.

Gammon, Caleb C. - Enlistment expired October 19 , 1862. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by self.

Gammon, Eli - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Gammon, Samuel - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by Gid Gifford.

Gentry, Lewis* - Discharged on disability June 16, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by Thomas Turnstall.

Gentry, Samuel* - Captured at Denmark, Tennessee, September 1, 1862. Exchanged. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by Mr. Curlee. Enlisted in Company I, 24th Tennessee Infantry.

Gentry, Simon - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by L. W. McCarver.

Graves, Henry M.* - In hospital at Meridian, Mississippi, May 19, 1862. Detailed to duty at Camp Rogers, Miss., July 25, 1863, Deserted July 25, 1863. Captured as a deserter July 27, 1863. Sent to Camp Chase, 0hio, then to Fort Delaware. Exchanged February 27, 1865.

Greer, Joseph S.* - Captured at Hartsville, November 12, 1862. Exchanged at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Hall, Calvin N. - Transferred to 2nd Tennessee Infantry April 1, 1862. Company not given. Died in hospital at Raymond, Mississippi, in May 1863. Double barreled shotgun furnished in this Company, by Cyrus Lauderdale, valued at $40.

Hall, Richard - Died at Corinth, Mississippi, May 11, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by C. L. Bennett.

Hall, John C. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company H, 26th Tennessee Infantry.

Harlan, Stephen M.* - Wounded at Cherokee, Alabama, October 21, 1863. Sent to hospital at Fulton, Mississippi October 26, 1863, Given sick furlough from hospital. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Harris, Elijah H.* - Shown on roll, through October 1867. No horse.

Hessian, Andrew J. - Left sick in Tennessee on evacuation of Bowling Green, Kentucky, in February 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $15, furnished by John T. Roper. Enlisted in Company D, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Holland, Charles W.* - Killed at Baldwin, Mississippi, October 1, 1863, by Kansas Jayhawkers. 7th Kansas Cavalry.

Holland, Ira A.* - Left sick in Tennessee on evacuation of Bowling Green, Kentucky, in February 1862. The regiment left, there in very severe weather and suffered terribly.

Holland, J. B. - Discharged on disability at Okolona, Mississippi, January 20, 1862.

Holt, Calvin N. - 4th Sergeant. Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Hovey. S. A. - Regimental Chaplain. From Hartsville.

Hughes, James A.* - Appointed surgeon, June 13, 1862. Discharged July 7, 1862. Enlisted in Company I, 6th Tennessee Cavalry.

Jackson, Thomas C.* - Discharged en disability at Okolona, Mississippi, January 1, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by John W . Lauderdale. Also served in Shaw's Cavalry Battalion.

Jackson, Leonidas S.* - In hospital at Okolona, Mississippi, October 5, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by G, C. Crenshaw.

Jackson, Isham Green - Discharged as a non-conscript (over age) at Corinth, Mississippi. Enlisted in Company G, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Jacobs, Martin V. B.* - Deserted July 20, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by a Mr. Holman.

Jenkins, Yancy* - Commissary Sergeant. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Jones, Charles G.* - Deserted at Russellville, Alabama, May 12, 1863. Captured in Macon County, Tennessee, December 3, 1863, with a band of Gurillas. Sent to Rock Island, Illinois. Kerley, John B.* - Discharged on disability July 15, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by self.

Kerley, William G.* - Left sick in Tennessee on evacuation of Bowling Green, in February 1862. Rejoined regiment at Murfreesboro and deserted February 28, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $30, furnished by John Kerley.

Keys, William H.* - Deserted at Hartsville July 17, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by Reed Harris.

Law, Jesse - Deserted at Baldwin, Mississippi, May 31, 1862.

Law, William S.* - Discharged at Okolona, Mississippi, January 20, 1863.

Lauderdale, John* - Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry after Shiloh. Made 1st Sergeant in this company. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Love, Daniel* - Discharged at Okolona, Mississippi, June 20, 1863.

Luster, William* - Transferred from Company H. 2nd Tennessee Infantry after Shiloh. Made Corporal, reduced to private February 2, 1863. Wounded at Medon, Tennessee, September 1, 1862. Deserted at Lamb's Ferry, Alabama Oath at Nashville, July 15, 1864.

Maddox, William J.* - Bugler. Killed at Medon, Tennessee (near Jackson), September 2, 1862.

Marshall, Francis W.* - Detailed as Teamster. Captured in Macon County, Tennessee, May 7, 1863. Sent to Fortress Monroe, Virginia. Exchanged June 16, 1863. Was run over by an ammunition wagon at Guntown, Mississippi, June 10, 1864. Three ribs broken and shoulder crushed. In hospital eight months, Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Marshall, William F.* - Captured at Pulaski, Tennessee, November 12, 1864, on Hood's Invasion of Tennessee. Sent to Rock Island, Illinois.

Marshall, James R. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Mason, Samuel W.* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862. Enlisted in Company E, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Mason, David P.* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862.

Meador, Christopher* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862.

Meadow, John P.* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862.

Meador, Jehu* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862.

Meador, Wesley B.* - Discharged. Captured in Macon County, Tennessee. Sent north to prison.

Nixon, Thomas J.* - Captured at Florence, Alabama, October 8, 1862, on Hood's Invasion of Tennessee. Sent to Rock Island, Illinois. Oglesby, J. K. P. * - Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry, May 15, 1862. Captured at Okolona, Mississippi, December 23, 1863. Exchanged. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Owsley, William H. - Died at Corinth, Mississippi in 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $35, furnished by self.

Parker, Wiley* - Discharged at Okolona Mississippi, January 20, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by H. G. Harris.

Parker, William* - Enlisted October 19, 1861. Lost eye and brain was impaired from Neuralgia. Given furlough. Did not return. Record marked deserted July 23, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by Gid Gifford.

Parker, Elvis B. - Enlisted October 19, 1861. During the Civil War there were two Court Martial's held in Sumner County, both at Hartsville. One involved a Union soldier, the other a Confederate. A Court Martial was held at the Headquarters of General Morgan on August 22, 1862, at 4 o'clock P. M. to try Elvis Parker on a charge of desertion from the Confederate service and having been found in arms in service of the Federal States. Members of the Court were; President Major Wash Morgan, Major Gano, Lieutenant White and Judge Advocate, Captain G. Roberts. Order John Morgan. August 23, 1862 General Orders: The whole command will appear on dress parade in camp at 4:00 P. M. The prisoner, Elvis B. Parker, private in Company G, 4th Kentucky Regiment U. S. A., and a deserter from Captain Bennett's Battalion of Cavalry having been found guilty of desertion and fighting in the Federal ranks against his own countrymen, has been condemned to death and sentence will be executed at 4 o'clock this day. A party will be detailed by the Adjutant for the purpose according to instructions already sent. This, of course, meant a firing squad.

Parker, Isaac N. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company H, 50th Tennessee Infantry.

Parker, John N. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Pedigo, Henry M.* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by S. B. Person.

Piper, Andrew J. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862,

Piper, Samuel C. - Wounded at Shiloh, April 7, 1862. Died in hospital at Corinth, Mississippi, from the wound.

Piper, Archy* - Discharged at Corinth, Mississippi, June 16, 1862.

Puryear, David G.* - Discharged at Corinth, June 16, 1862,

Puryear, Thomas A.* - Discharged on disability from Measles and Typhoid Fever at Corinth, Mississippi.

Ragland, Wilson M.* - Deserted July 23, 1862, at Camp Rogers, Mississippi. Enlisted in Company F, 8th Tennessee Cavalry.

Reese, Bailie P.* - In battles at Shiloh, Fort Pillow and several others. Captured at Gallatin, December 23, 1864. Had permission from General Bate to go home and get clothing. Sent to Penitentiary at Nashville, then to Camp Chase, 0hio. Had furnished horse valued at $1,000. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by Betsy Carman. Several were allowed to go home for clothing by General Bate. None had been issued for several months and they were destitute as well as barefooted. This permission was granted while at Nashville just before the battle and when Hood's Army retreated, they were cut off from their commands.

Roark, Henry C. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Roark, James R. A.* - Discharged January 20, 1863. No reason given.

Roark, Joel C.* - Shown present through October 1863.

Roark, William B.* - Captured in Allen County, Kentucky, sent to Camp Chase, 0hio. Exchanged at Aikins Landing on the James River in Virginia, March 23, 1865. $50 bounty due for re-enlisting. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by Eliza Price.

Rutledge, E. W. P.* - Blacksmith. Deserted August 1, 1863,

Satterfield, Samuel T.* - 5th Sergeant, March 1, 1864, Captured in Sumner County, September 19, 1864. Released on oath to stay north of the Ohio River for the duration. Furnished horse valued at $1,000. Double barreled shotgun valued at $35. furnished by self.

Seay, George E * - Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry in March 1862. Made 1st Lieutenant, June 12, 1862. Was commanding his company at Harrisburg, Mississippi, July 14, 1864. Here a mini passed through his canteen, struck his watch and glanced off. On Forrest's retreat from Tennessee after the battle, of Nashville he was left sick in a private home with Chilton Allen to care for him in three weeks was able to ride again and he and Allen decided to home to Hartsville for a few days. This they were unable to as U. S. forces were in possession of that territory. They hid on an island in the Cumberland River near Hartsville for several days and were fed and visited by their friends. They rejoined the army at Florence, Alabama. Made Captain of his company and was paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865. He had furnished a horse valued at $2,500 and had been furnished a double barreled shotgun by John Deshea that was valued at $15.

Shrum, Nicholas J. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862 Enlisted in Company F, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Shrum, Joyner - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862.

Shrum, William M. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25, furnished by self.

Smithwick, Leonidas N.* - Shown present through October 1863. Allowed $24 per month for use of horse. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by Caleb Gammon.

Smithwick, Thomas M. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Stafford, Asa A. - Given sick furlough May 1, 1862, and never, returned. Double barreled shotgun valued at $25 furnished by Caleb C. Gammon. Enlisted in Company B, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Stafford, Thomas - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862, Enlisted in Company F, 9th Tennessee Cavalry, also see.

Stafford, J. Tennessee - Died at Corinth, Mississippi.

Smith, Charles - Captured at Corinth, Mississippi, June 3, 1863. From Gallatin.

Stinson, Asa A. - Enlistment expired October 19, 1862. Enlisted in Company C, 24th Tennessee Infantry, also see.

Thropp, Franklin W.* - Ensign. Captured at Columbia, Tennessee, on Underwood Raid. Exchanged. Deserted at Lamb's Ferry, Alabama, November 15, 1863. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20, furnished by R. B. Allen.

Thurman, Jesse* - Shown on roll through October 1963, then in the 21st / 22nd Cavalry after consolidation. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

Turner, Herod* - Captured at Jackson, Tennessee, March 5, 1863. Sent to Camp Butler, Illinois. Double barreled shotgun, not valued, furnished by four friends.

Turner, Granville* - Captured at Fort Donelson, February 3, 1863. Sent to Camp Morton, Indiana. Exchanged. In battles at Denmark, Courtland, Brice's Cross Roads, Fort Pillow as well as Fort Donelson. Deserted November 28, 1864. Oath at Nashville February 18, 1865.

Uhles, Alexander W.* - Left sick at Courtland, Alabama, on retreat from Bowling Green, Kentucky, in February 1862. Rejoined command.

Violet, John William - Died at Corinth, Mississippi, May 25, 1862. Double barreled shotgun valued at $20 furnished by Tandy Hall.

Ward, John P. - Transferred from Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry April 1, 1862, also see. Made Quartermaster Sergeant. Shown present through October 1863, then in 21st / 2nd Cavalry after consolidation. Paroled at Gainesville, Alabama, May 10, 1865.

In these records we notice many were discharged with no reason given. Following the passage of the Conscript Law by the Confederate Congress all men under or over age were to be discharged. One proviso was that men under 18 years were to be retained 90 days after passage of the law. Unless specifically stated as being caused by physical disability it was Impossible to know if they were under age, over age, or disables by sickness, or wounds. Hence the absence of information. Here we were losing hundreds of trained men which might very easily meant the difference in winning or losing.

At this time Confederate soldiers from Middle Tennessee were disgusted with lack of leadership in certain cases and victories not being followed up and desertions became very common. These deserters were gobbled up by Union forces to prevent their return to service, which they would have had to do later when the age limit was raised and lowered. Some were simply leaving the army for a brief visit home, intending to return and when captured claimed to be deserters thinking they might not be sent to a northern prison.

It will be noticed that in several cases they went to prison rather than taking the Oath of Allegiance to the United States

General Payne was in command of the Army of Occupation in Sumner County with his headquarters on the north side of the square in Gallatin, where the bakery now is located.


Sumner County and Her Sons during the War Between the States 1861 - 1865

Sumner County, Tennessee Genealogist Companion