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20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

By E. J. Keen   1997

This information is compiled from pay voucher records, muster rolls and personal genealogical information that I have collected over the years.  The pay vouchers and some other data, such as; widows pension applications maybe found on micro-film at the Tennessee State Library & Archives in Nashville, Tennessee.  

I also consulted with the books:
"Sumner County, Tennessee In The Civil War", by Edwin L. Ferguson, 1972, Monroe County Press, Tompkinsville, Kentucky and "History of the Twentieth Tennessee Regiment Volunteer Infantry C.S.A." by W. J. McMurray, M.D., 1904, Nashville, Tennessee

Every effort was made to locate information on all known members of these regiments and companies but some of them I could not locate or learn more about them or their families.

Information contained herein is primarily intended to assist those seeking genealogical information as well as a taste for the hardships, etc. that these individuals endured trying to survive during the War Between the States 1861 - 1865.

20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

(Selected Companies only)

This regiment was organized on June 12, 1861 and was mustered into the service of the Confederate Army during August 1861.  The regiment was comprised of men from Middle Tennessee and were sent to Camp Trousdale near Richland Station (Portland) just south of the Tennessee - Kentucky border.

This regiment consisted of ten companies and were commanded by:

Colonel: Joel A. Battle (Davidson County)

Lieutenant Colonel: Moscoe B. Carter (Williamson County)

Major: Patrick Duffey (Smith County)

Dr. James Franklin (Sumner County) was the Surgeon and John H. Morton (Davidson County) was Assistant Surgeon; John Marshall (Williamson County) was Quarter Master; M. M. Hinkle (Davidson County) Commissary; Alex Winn (Williamson County) was Adjutant; John Edmondson (Williamson County) was Chaplain; Twist Marshall (Williamson County) was Wagon Master and E. L. Jordan was Assistant Wagon Master.

Muster Roll for Company K - 20th Tennessee Infantry Regiment

Organized with Men from Sumner, Wilson and Smith Counties, Tennessee.  The company was commanded by:

Patrick Duffer - Son of Isaac & Nancy Duffer.  Captain who was elected Major of the regiment on June 12, 1862.  He died at Hartsville, Tennessee after the war.

M. M. Newsom - 1st Lieutenant on June 12, 1861 and later became Captain.

W. J. Dyer - 2nd Lieutenant, 1st Lieutenant and later Captain. He resigned on May 19, 1862 and enlisted in Company F, 9th Tennessee Cavalry.

W. J. Neely - He was elected 3rd Lieutenant.

J. F. Stubblefield - 1st Sergeant and was discharged at Murfreesboro, Tennessee in 1862.

F. E. Duncan - 2nd Sergeant until September 1, 1861. He was wounded at Murfreesboro, Tennessee on January 2, 1863 in Breckinridge's famous charge. He was given a medical furlough and did not return.

Jackson Washington Hargis (1814 - 1897) - Son of William & Hannah (Howell) Hargis was 3rd Sergeant, 2nd Lieutenant and then Captain on May 8, 1862.  He resigned his commission on July 24, 1862.

Dan O. Haven - 4th Sergeant. He spent time in a hospital at Knoxville, Tennessee.

J. H. Reece - 5th Sergeant. He was wounded at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He was also wounded in the left leg below the knee by a shell fragment on January 2, 1863 during Breckinridge's charge. He was discharged with a disability and stayed in Georgia til the end of the war.

William Arnett Purseley - 1st Corporal and then 2nd Sergeant on September 1, 1861. He was discharged on May 20, 1862.

M. A. Chambers - 2nd Corporal and Sergeant on March 1, 1864. He was wounded in the foot at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was given a sick furlough by the Medical Board. He enlisted in McLemore's Company B, 4th Tennessee Cavalry.

John H. Kerley ( 1839 - ?) - Son of James & Ann R. (Brown) Kerley was a 3rd Corporal then 1st Lieutenant on September 20, 1861. He was discharged as a non-conscript on May 8, 1862. He enlisted in Company C, 9th Tennessee Cavalry.

James D. Wootton - 4th Corporal. He was discharged on September 1, 1861.

Men who enlisted or who were conscripted into the ranks were:

Alexander, F. M. - He was killed at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862.

Andrews, John W. - He was killed at Nashville, Tennessee on December 16, 1864.

Andrews, W. F. - He was transferred to the 14th Tennessee Infantry on July 1, 1861 from which he was discharged with a disability in July 1862.

Austin, John B. (1838 - 1864) - Son of Wilkinson D. & Amanda M. (Booker) Austin was a1st Lieutenant on May 8, 1862 and Captain on July 24, 1862. He was wounded at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was killed at Jonesboro, Georgia on August 31, 1864.

Ball, James - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 24, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was captured by Union forces (home-guards) on Goose Creek, Macon County, Tennessee on December 3, 1863. Was considered to be a Guerilla at time of capture.  He was sent to Rock Island, Illinois. He was paroled after he took the Oath on March 11, 1865.

Ball, John - 3rd Sergeant on December 1, 1863. He claimed a spine injury and was not fit for service. He took the Oath on December 31, 1863.

Ball, Wiley - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Bradley, John Davis (1834 - 1892) - Son of James & Susan H. (Davis) Bradley.  He enlisted on November 6, 1862 at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. Later was listed in the hospital most of the time by orders of Dr. Roberts. He was paroled at Macon, Georgia on April 20, 1865. He was from Eulia, Macon County, Tennessee.  He is buried at Mt. Pisgah Cemetery, Lafayette, Macon Co., Tennessee.

Branham, J. W. - He was furloughed at Carthage, Tennessee during the companies retreat from the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on February 25, 1862. He did not re-join the regiment and enlisted in Company E, 9th Tennessee Cavalry.

Brannon, Edmund - He was listed as discharged on May 15, 1862. His nickname was, "The Conquering Hero" which he had received at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky. He later enlisted in Company H, 23rd Tennessee Infantry.

Brogan, Thomas - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Burnley, James M. (1804 - 1876) - Son of Moses & Mary Burnley.  He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. He is buried at Burnley Cemetery, Pleasant Valley Road, Macon County, Tennessee.

Carman, Simeon A. - 5th Sergeant on November 20, 1862. He was wounded and captured at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He was sent a prison hospital at Somerset Kentucky. He escaped when able to travel and he re- joined the regiment. He was wounded at Murfreesboro, Tennessee on December 2, 1863 during Breckinridge's Charge and received a belly wound. He was wounded in the right leg at Chickamauga, Georgia. He received wounds and was captured at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee on November 25, 1863. The mini ball in his right leg was never removed. He was sent to Rock Island, Illinois and paroled after he took the Oath on March 11, 1865.

Carter, Prior W. (1823 - 1900) - Son of William S. & Nancy (Rickman) Carter was a Corporal. He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript at Vicksburg, Mississppi on July 16, 1862. He was very tall and was nicknamed "Stack pole".

Carter, S. W. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript at Vicksburg, Mississippi on July 16, 1862.

Cates, William H. Harrison - He was listed as discharged on April 20, 1862.

Chambers, Nathan A. - He was listed as discharged on November 1, 1862. He later enlisted in McLemore's Company B, 4th Tennessee Cavalry.

Claiborne, James G. (1829 - 1870) - Son of William F. & Nancy H. (Gilliam) Claiborne was a Corporal on March 3, 1863. He had prior service in Company C, 7th Cavalry Battalion.  He had transferred to this regiment on June 11, 1862. He was captured at Missionary Ridge on November 25, 1863 and was sent to Rock Island, Illinois.

Claiborne, John O. (1828 - ?) - Son of William F. & Nancy H. (Gilliam) Claiborne.  He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Claiborne, Stephen R. (1841 - 1862) - Son of William F. & Nancy H. (Gilliam) Claiborne.  He was wounded at the Battle of  Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He died at his home from the wounds on February 15, 1862.

Claiborne, Zachariah G. (1835 - 1863) - Son of William F. & Nancy H. (Gilliam) Claiborne was a 1st Sergeant on May 8, 1862 after the re-organization. He was wounded and captured at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He was sent to a prison hospital at Somerset, Kentucky. He escaped with S. A. Carman and Joel Shrum.

Cole, M. P. - He was listed as deserted on January 20, 1862.

Crunk, William N. - He was listed as discharged on July 1, 1861. He enlisted in Company I, 2nd Tennessee Infantry.

Davis, James W.- 2nd Corporal on December 1, 1863. He took the Oath at Nashville, Tennessee on December 27, 1864.

Duncan, E. H. - He was wounded in the hip at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was listed as un-fit for field duty and was detailed to Special Duty.

Duncan, Thomas F. - He was severely wounded at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He died at his home from the wounds of February 6, 1862.

Duncan, William L.- He was listed as deserted at Dalton, Georgia on December 29, 1863.

Duty, A. J. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Essex, Thomas H. - He enlisted on June 1, 1861. When his enlistment expired, said to have had Chronic Diarrhea and went home. He was arrested by U.S. forces under command of General Payne in Gallatin, Tennessee. He was forced to take the Oath on March 11, 1864.

Flowers, J. L. - He was captured at Brentwood, Tennessee on March 25, 1863 and was sent to City Point, Virginia.

Furlong, James A. - He was listed as deserted at Tupelo, Mississippi on June 20, 1862. He was killed by Bushwhackers on the way home.

Hall, Andrew Jackson (1836 - 1916) - Son of Thomas Martin Perkins & Margarette (Pursley) Hall.  He was listed as wounded at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He was discharged with a disability on April 4, 1862.

Harris, Thomas Gideon (1839 - ?) - Son of Giles Claiborne & Frances Catherine (Meador) Harris was a 1st Corporal on September 1, 1862 and 4th Sergeant on March 3, 1863. He was wounded severely in his right leg just above the ankle, which shattered the bones, at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 20, 1863. He was listed in a hospital and on furlough through the end of the war. He was paroled at Covington, Georgia on April 5, 1865.  He is buried in the Pleasant Grove Church Cemetery, Westmoreland, Sumner County, Tennessee.

Harris, William T. (1842 - 1898) - Son of Giles Claiborne & Frances Catherine (Meador) Harris  was a 3rd Lieutenant on May 8, 1862 and 1st Lieutenant on July 24, 1862. He was commanding the company on September 10, 1863. He was wounded in his leg at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was captured at Nashville, Tennessee on December 16, 1864 and was sent to Johnson's Island, Ohio and exchanged. He was paroled in North Carolina as a Captain on June 16, 1865.  He is buried at the Pleasant Grove Church Cemetery, Westmoreland, Sumner County, Tennessee.

Higgason, John F. (1843 - 1929) - Son of William David & Mildred S. (Turner) Higgason.  He enlisted on June 1, 1861 and was discharged on January 1, 1864. He served in battles at: Wildcat, Kentucky (Rockcastle), Shiloh, and Murfreesboro, Tennessee where he was wounded in the calf of his left leg. After the war he was a broom maker. He was unable to do other work. He was sent to the Confederate Soldiers Home in Nashville, Tennessee where he spent the rest of his life.  He is buried at the Eulia General Baptist Church Cemetery, Eulia, Macon County, Tennessee.

Higgason, Samuel (1839 - ?) - Son of William David & Mildred S. (Turner) Higgason.  He was listed as discharged on April 20, 1862.

Hines, William E. - He enlisted on June 1, 1861 and was wounded by a shell fragment in the calf of his right leg at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee on April 6, 1862. He was listed as deserted on October 10, 1862 and was captured at Carthage, Tennessee while on his way back to the regiment. He was forced by General Payne to take the Oath. He had lost two toes when they were cut off by a train at Vicksburg, Mississippi. He was listed with Pneumonia at Bristol, Tennessee.

Horsely, J. D. - No Service record but he died at his home on July 1, 1862.

Hutcherson, N. D. - He was listed as furloughed on February 18, 1862 at Gainesboro, Tennessee while on retreat from the Battle of  Fishing Creek, Kentucky. He did not return to the regiment.

Jackson, James A. (1842 - 1924) - Sergeant on July 16, 1862 and 1st Sergeant on September 1, 1862. He enlisted on June 1, 1861. He served in battles at:  Fishing Creek, Murfreesboro, Chickamauga, Dalton, Peach Tree Creek, Altoona Pass Jonesboro and Franklin, Tennessee. He was wounded in the fingers on February 28, 1863.  He was wounded in his leg and thigh at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863 and was said to have refused to leave the battle line.  He was wounded in the hip, foot and shoulder at Franklin, Tennessee and was left there unable to be moved. He went home when he regained strength enough to travel and was captured there by General Payne's forces as a Confederate deserter. He took the Oath at Nashville, Tennessee on January 8, 1865.

Jackson, John W. - He was killed at Iuka, Mississippi on April 7, 1862.

Jackson, Thomas R. - He died at Burnsville, Mississippi on April 16, 1862.

Johns, Calvin L. - He was listed as deserted at Tupelo, Mississippi on June 2, 1862.

Jones, George F. - 1st Corporal and 3rd Sergeant on December 20, 1862. He was wounded in his belly at Murfreesboro, Tennessee on December 31, 1862 and was sent to a hospital at Tullahoma, Tennessee. He was left there during Bragg's retreat to Chattanooga and was captured there on July 3, 1863.

Jones, Thomas H. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on April 20, 1862.

Lee, John - He enlisted on June 1, 1861. He served in battles at:  Fishing Creek, Cumberland Gap, Murfreesboro and Chickamauga. He was wounded in his left wrist which shattered the bone at Murfreesboro, Tennessee. He was listed in a hospital for two months.

Leton, William - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 24, 1862. He was captured as a deserter by Union forces  (home guards) in Simpson County, Kentucky and was sent north to prison.

Madding, James T. - He was killed at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862.

Marshall, Thomas - He was a Corporal and was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Mason, J. O. - He died at Corinth, Mississippi on April 22, 1862.

Mason, William S. - 5th Sergeant on March 1, 1864 and was wounded in the heel at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was listed as deserted on December 31, 1864.

McElreath, S. H. - 2nd Lieutenant. He was paroled at Talladega, Alabama on May 17, 1865.

McGrath, John - 3rd Corporal, Color Bearer and was wounded severely at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee on April 6, 1862. He died from the wound at Okolona, Mississippi on May 22, 1862.

Miller, John J. - He was listed as deserted at Tupelo, Mississippi on June 20, 1862 but returned to the regiment. He was killed at Murfreesboro, Tennessee on January 2, 1863 during Breckinridge's Charge.

Mitchell, William - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on May 16, 1862.

Moore, James W. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi. He later enlisted in Company A, 9th Tennessee Cavalry and then transferred to Company C.

Moran, M. - 3rd Sergeant on May 1, 1862 and was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862. He later enlisted in Company A, Nashville Infantry Battalion which later became Field's Company L, 1st Tennessee Infantry.

Morris, James A. - He was killed at Shiloh, Tennessee on April 7, 1862.

Morris, William C. (1837 - ?) - Son of William & Nancy P. (Davis) Morris was a 2nd Corporal on July 16, 1862 and 2nd Sergeant on Sept. 1, 1862. He was captured at Missionary Ridge on November 25, 1863 and was sent to Rock Island, Illinois. He was paroled after he took the Oath on March 12, 1865.

Moss, Thomas - He was listed as discharged on October 23, 1862.

Murphy, Hugh - 2nd Sergeant and 1st Lieutenant. He was wounded in the head at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He was listed as deserted at Dalton, Georgia on December 1, 1863.

Neeley, W. J. - 3rd Lieutenant and 2nd Lieutenant and was wounded through his left thigh at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee. He was discharged as a non-conscript at Corinth, Mississippi on May 8, 1862.

Newman, W. F. - He was wounded in the his right leg below the knee. One bone was broken and the other was shattered. He was listed as discharged at Vicksburg, Mississippi on August 15, 1862.

O'Rieley, John - He was wounded and captured at the Battle of Fishing Creek Kentucky on January 19, 1862 and was sent to a prison hospital at Somerset, Kentucky.

Page, William B. - He was paroled in North Carolina on April 26, 1865. He was one of the five members who served all the way through the war.

Petway, Benjamin W. - He was listed as dischargcd as a non-conscript on July 5, 1862. He reenlisted and was detailed as Teamster on June 20, 1863, by order of General Hardee. He was severely wounded and captured at Atlanta, Georgia on July 22, 1864. He was sent to a U.S. Hospital and then to the Penitentiary at Nashville, Tennessee in October 1864. Later in November he was sent to Camp Douglas, Illinois and in March 1865 he was sent to Point Lookout, Maryland. He was paroled on June 20, 1865.

Petway, John W. - He was listed as discharged on April 15, 1862.

Pitt, Ashley G. - 2nd Sergeant on May 8, 1862 and 2nd Lieutenant on September 1, 1863. He was captured at Bentonville, North Carolina March 10, 1865 and was sent to Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C.

Rawlston, James - He was listed as discharged on August 1, 1861.

Rawlston, W. - He was listed as discharged on August 1, 1861.

Read, Thomas B. - Corporal and 5th Sergeant on May 5, 1862. He was made Chief Musician in the Regimental Band on November 1, 1864. He was captured at Atlanta, Georgia on July 22, 1864.

Satterfield, John - He was listed as deserted at Baldwin, Mississippi on June 5, 1862.

Satterfield, S. S. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Seat, Riley P. - He was listed as furloughed at home as a deserter on February 1, 1862.

Senter, Mathew F.- 2nd Corporal to December 27, 1862. He was wounded in his left shoulder at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky. He served in battles at:  Fishing Creek, Shiloh, Murfreesboro and Hoover's Gap. He served out his one year term of enlistment. He was listed as deserted at Tyner's Station near Chattanooga, Tennessee on August 17, 1863.

Shrum, Joel - He was wounded and captured at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862 and was sent to a prison hospital at Somerset, Kentucky. He escaped with S. A. Carman when he was able to travel. He was captured by Union forces (home guards) in Macon County, Tennessee on May 11, 1863 and was sent to Ft. Delaware. He was paroled after he took the Oath in April 1865.

Sloan, Hezekiah "Ki" Elisha (1842 - 1924) - Son of Robert Wilson & Ruth C. (Jones) Sloan was a 1st Corporal on April 7, 1862. He was listed as deserted at Missionary Ridge, Tennessee on November 25, 1863. He was captured as a deserter at Lafayette, Tennessee by home guards on March 14, 1864 and was sent to City Point, Virginia.  He is buried in the Mt. Vernon Methodist Church Cemetery, Brushy Fork, Sumner County, Tennessee.

Smith, B. T. - 5th Sergeant on December 1, 1863. He was listed as deserted at Dalton, Georgia on December 18, 1864.

Stalcup, G. F. - 2nd Lieutenant on May 1, 1862 and 1st Lieutenant on July 24, 1862. He resigned his commission on September 1, 1862.

Stalcup, Samuel - 3rd Sergeant on December 1, 1863. He served in battles at:  Shiloh, Murfreesboro, Vicksburg, Chickamauga, Franklin and Nashville, Tennessee. He was wounded in his ear at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863 while on retreat from Missionary Ridge to Dalton, Georgia he could not keep up with the others. He was said to have been barefoot and his feet were frost bitten. He fell in with Wheeler's Cavalry for a few days and then was able to get back with the regiment. He was listed as deserted at Dalton, Georgia. He was paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina on April 25, 1865. He was one of the five members to serve all the way until the end of the war.

Stinson, John W. (1840 - 1870) - Son of Elisha & Celia Ann (Simmons) Stinson was a 4th Corporal on February 22, 1863. He was wounded in the foot at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863 and was sent to a hospital at Atlanta, Georgia. He was listed as deserted on November 27, 1864. He took the Oath on January 10, 1865.

Stovall, William H. - He was listed as discharged on July 15, 1861.

Talley, Benjamin James (1836 - ?) - Son of David & Elizabeth Talley was a 3rd Sergeant on July 18, 1862, 2nd Lieutenant on September 1, 1862 and 1st Lieutenant. Wounded severely in his side at Chickamauga, Georgia on September 19, 1863. He surrendered at Greensboro, North Carolina on April 25, 1865. He was one of the five members who served till the end of the war.

Tarpley, Henry - 4th Sergeant on May 15, 1862. He was wounded at the Battle of Fishing Creek, Kentucky on January 19, 1862. He was listed as deserted at Tupelo, Mississippi on June 20, 1862.

Walters, J. G. - He was listed as discharged with a disability on December 20, 1861.

Weems, H. C. - He was listed as discharged as a non-conscript on July 16, 1862 at Vicksburg, Mississippi.

Whaley, J. F. - He was wounded severely at Shiloh, Tennessee on April 6, 1862. He died from the wounds in a hospital on May 20, 1862.

White, David - 2nd Corporal and was listed as deserted at Tupelo, Mississippi on June 20, 1862.

Winston, Noel C. - He transferred to Company H, 2nd Tennessee Infantry on September 20, 1861 and then enlisted in Company G, 9th Tennessee Cavalry.

Sumner County and Her Sons during the War Between the States 1861 - 1865 Index Page

Sumner County, Tennessee Genealogist Companion