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Last update: March 25, 2010
Origin of our Friedmann ancestors earliest links are to Senica (Szenitz), Slovakia > Budapest, Hungary > Vienna, Austria > Šternberk (Sternberg) & Prostějov (Prossnitz), Moravia (Mähren), Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia).
In 1850, the Friedmann family opened a Textile business in the town of Šternberk (Sternberg) Šternberk.org people site. 1852: Anton Heeg, Ignatz Schottik and Heinrich Friedmann formed a firm named "Heeg, Schottik & Friedmann", 1863: Johann Kuntner sold the building to "Anton Heeg & Heinrich Friedmann", 1868: the partnership dissolved, Anton sold his share to Heinrich, who died in 1891. Ludwig Friedmann inherited the building and sold it in 1909 to "K. K. Allgemeine Verkehrbank Wien". The buildings history goes back to 1562 and as of 1950, it has been Šternberk's Post Office. *see Heinrich, fabrikant from Szenitz death certificate and Heeg & Friedmann in 1865 Bohemia, Moravia, Austrian Silesia, Krakow business directory (in German) or OR our Town Šternberk (Sternberg) story OR Jewish history of Moravia "..The city of Sternberg, whence Jews had been expelled in 1562, passed a resolution that it would never allow a Jew to settle there" (Allg. Zeit. des Jud. 1849, p. 506)
In 1886, new and larger "Heeg a Friedmann Textile" factory was built on Bahnstrasse 6 als Käufer (now Nádražní, Šternberk). The factory was a: mechanická tkalcovna na lněné a bavlněné zboží producing Leinwand, Baumwoll-Leinwand, Kanevas, Gradl, Inlets, Barchent (farbig und weiss), Chiffons. *see: e-sternberk.eu & Profit.cz (2008) - Tkadlec tělem i duší: ".. Heinrich Friedmann - Jewish businessman has significantly contributed to the industrial development of Moravian Šternberk founding in the late 19th century mechanical weaving cloth, which employed up to 400 people.."
Arthur Friedmann, son of Bernhard and nephew of Heinrich continued in the family business, with a sales office in Niederlage at Vienna (Wien I, Rudolfsplatz 13), first District, Rudolf square, house number 13. The Friedmann factory, was the second largest industrial employer in Šternberk /Sternberg (after the tobacco factory) & for some 70 years, they employed up to 400 workers at any given time. The factory was "self sufficient", with it's own water and electricity. First floor had offices and shop floor,second floor apartments, where Leonie (Böhm) Friedmann had a part-time apartment and daughter Anne (Friedmann) + Johann "Hans" Klimesch, with their children *Adele (Heidi), Rudolf and Arthur lived (picture below left). Arthur Friedmann was a Captain in the Austrian army during WW-I. He kept a riding horse on their Šternberk property, enjoying the rides in and around the city during his visits, something he could do in Vienna. Arthur loved to read, travel, collect violins (2nd image), fine furniture like; their cabinet currently owned by Vienniese Leopold Museum and on loan to Museum of Applied Art (MAK), a table, their modern clock currently owned by LACMA museum & ref-2, ref-3 (4th image by Czech-Austrian architect Adolf (see Loos family). In the music room, you could walk on top of an Aquarium with large red fish - Loos installed 1905 into the floor. Loos also designed the Friedmann Vienna office & apartment in 1906-1907 and Mähren, their Šternberkfactory "tea - garden house". *see Loos Friedmann article & images book .pdf Adolf Loos Leben und Werk (1982) Friedmann article or on Pinterest. Other of our relatives like Bohm, Kary, etc. also collected Loos furniture, etc., as well had designs done by him like: Jakob Langer Vienna apartment in 1903, Paul Khuner summer house, reforma de villa Strasser, Vienna in 1919, reforma de la villa Mandl, Vienna in 1916, and other relatives. *ref. 1928: " Heeg & Friedmann, Kurrentwarenhandel in Wien, Inhaber einer Leinen- und Baumwollwarenfabrik. Hauptniederlassung zu Sternberg in Mähren. Zweigniederlassung in Wien. Niederlage I Schottenring 31. Inhaber: Artur Friedmann,Prokuristen: Moritz Morell und Edmund Wahl" (source: Alfred Posametir). Johann Klimesch, who was associated with the factory since 1912, became it's manager and eventually it's owner. Besides the factory, the property included a large garden, land next to the factory - leasedto a farmer and (2) buildings across the street (property line map below), with estimated value of $20 million dollars. Arthur and Leonie lived full time at Bellaria 4 apartment / headquarters, Vienna, Arthur frequently visiting their Sternberg factory and daughter Anne, and Leonie visiting Sternberg monthly.
Besides the Heeg & Friedmann textile, there was also Gröeger (Kurt) textile, later becoming Moravia =Mora-Top appliance mfg. and about 10 other smaller textile firms. Both factories and all their properties were confiscated in 1946 by Šternberk town communists. It took until 1948 before an "official confiscation document" was issued by Sternberg re; Heeg & Friedmann.The town gave or sold it to Vigona, but they were unable to determine the factory's future and "demolished it" in 1950's Adele was aware of the demolition, but could not go and see it up close, as it hurt too much, but did see the chimney fall down from afar. The communists wanted to make make sure - there were no "structures for possible claims", since the country was becoming "Officially Communist" in 1948. The Gröeger family was deported to Russia, as was tried with Johann, but he faked his "heart attack", returning home 3 days later, and thereafter, emigrating to Canada. *Vigona was bought by Fibertex of Svitavy in 2004.
Only Adele Klimesch (age 21) remained behind in 1948 Šternberk /Sternberg, as a result of meeting captain Miroslav ROHEL in 1947. However, "they did not know" - the country would become and remain Communist, under Russia's control and closed borders. Adele remembers, when their Factory & Home was being demolished, but did not and could not, go see the injustice up close, only viewing the chimney falling down, from afar. Miroslav + Adele ended up working at Moravia, where co-workers were told "not to talk to them by the Communists", but more will be included on life in Šternberk elsewhere, including our family of (9) 1969 escape to Vienna, before coming to Canada.
Note: *see article re; Benzina a.s.: Sep. 2006 Polish PKN Orlen’s streamlining at Unipetrol also includes unloading within the next 18 months as many as 50 substandard and poorly located filling stations belonging to Unipetrol subsidiary Benzina AS. Unipetrol will maintain its 330-station total by buying other stations from competitors AND The Richest Czech Keeps a Secret AND Jul 14, 2004 Sale of Nádražní Apartments "Výměny bytů. Zájemcům o koupi bytů do osobního nebo družstevního vlastnictví: Pokud bydlíte v nájemních bytech města nebo případně ijiných vlastníků a máte zájem o výměnu těchto bytů s byty, jejichž nabídka ke koupi právě probíhá (sídliště Uničovská, Nádražní 2,4,6).." AND Jan 6, 2006 Renovations plan (below): Šternberk upraví sídliště"..Revitalizace by se měla dočkat sídliště v ulicích Nádražní, Uničovská a Jiráskova, patřící k nejlidnatějším lokalitám ve městě. Anketu mezi obyvatelstvem radnice uspořádá během ledna .."
I would love to have the town of Šternberk (Moravia or Czech Rep) acknowledge the confiscation of the Factory & associated land, property - history of the Friedmann, Klimesch, Rohel families there - with a plaque, media (web site, etc) - as in this article: Hungary’s Famed Tokaji Winery Pays Tribute to Dispossessed Jewish Owners — Finally "..More than seven decades after losing their beloved Hungarian winery to the Nazis, the Zimmerman family is celebrating a small, if belated, victory..." (by Nathan Guttman July 1, 2016)
p.s. There were other relatives of ours such as; Brüder Böhm Hats/ (2,000 employees) in Novy Jicin (Neutitshein), Morawetz & Oberländer textile factories in Upice(Eypel), Grünfeld-textile in Humpolec, Žatec or?, Hirsch textile in Hořice & others, who also lost their assets to the Czechoslovakian communists and not the Nazi's. Several of the families also owned factories, businesses and properties in Vienna, which were taken by the Nazi's: Friedmann-textile, Böhm-textile, Wolf-rug & curtain, Kantor-private bank, Winter-private bank, Kary-textile, etc. *see under Stories tab
Contact: Peter Rohel, 42 Cardigan Rd., Toronto, ON, Canada M8Z-2W2 | Copyright:© 2004-2012
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