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Georges IV von LIECHTENSTEIN ( - 1444) gw1.geneanet & Hedwig POTTENDORF >> 3rd son Georges V von LIECHTENSTEIN ( - 1484) & Agnes von ECKARTSAU >> son Hartmann ler von LIECHTENSTEIN ( - 1540) & Johanna von MAINBURG >> Georges Armand von LIECHTENSTEIN (1513 - 7/12/1562) & Susanna von LIECHTENSTEIN (1520 - 1595) daughter of Georges VI von Liechtenstein (1480 - 8/6/1548) & Magdalena von Polheim (1497 - ) and great-grandaughter of Georges IV above gw1.geneanet -- *see Princess von LIECHTENSTEIN on wikipedia
Note: diadumenian, wikipedia was the first Liechtenstein to become the Prince von Liechtenstein, thus he was the founder of the Princely Family von Liechtenstein. Karl was the elder son of Hartmann II, Prince von Liechtenstein (1544-1585) wikipedia and his wife Anna Maria of Ortenburg (1547-1601). Emperor Rudolf II of the Holy Roman Empire appointed Karl to Chief Intendant, an important position at his court. Karl held this position until 1607. In a dispute over land between the Emperor and heir to the throne, Archduke Mathias, Karl sided with Mathias who made Karl a hereditary prince in thanks for Karl's aid, in 1608. In 1614 Karl joined the regency of the Duchy of Troppau to his possessions. In thanks for further aid at the Battle of White Mountain, Karl was appointed to the positions of proconsul and vice-regent of Bohemia in 1622 and was bestowed with the Order of the Golden Fleece. He also gained the Silesian Duchy of Jägerndorf (Krnov, Moravia) and much confiscated "rebel property", and he commissioned the Liechtenstein dukedom. In 1605 Karl established the first branch North of the Alps of the Hospitaller Order of St John of God, at Feldsberg in Lower Austria (now Valtice, Czech Republic). He was the 352nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria.
Note: geni, wikipedia He inherited this title in 1627 from his father Karl I. He was 16 and thus considered underage and his uncles Prince Gundakar and Maximillian acted as regents until 1632. From 1639 to 1641 Karl was Chief Captain of High and Low Silesia. After the Thirty Years' War Karl did a meritous job of economically restoring his dominions. Karl was also an extensive patron of architecture of the period.
Note: geni, wikipedia He was the Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN. In 1699 he acquired the domain of Schellenberg, and in 1712 the county of Vaduz, Liechtenstein. These two domains would later form the present principality von LIECHTENSTEIN. He was also Herzog von Troppau (Opava, Moravia) und Jägerndorf (Krnov, Moravia). Johann did not take up an office at the Imperial court but did case by case work. He was a financial expert and thus tended to aid in these areas. He was known informally as Hans Adam the rich. Besides managing his property, he also took great interest in art. He bought works of Rubens and van Dyck for his collections. He was one of the most generous patrons of his time. Johann set himself two memorials, a Palace in Bankgasse street in Vienna and a summer palace in Rossau. He was the 575th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. He left no male heirs at his death, both of his sons having predeceased him.
Note: wikipedia: House of Schwarzenberg - The family was first mentioned in 1172. A branch of the Seinsheim family (genealogy, the non-Schwarzenberg portion died out in 1958) was created when Erkinger I of Seinsheim acquired the Franconian barony of Schwarzenberg, the castle Schwarzenberg and the title Baron of Schwarzenberg, in 1405–21. At this time, they also possessed some fiefdoms in Bohemia. In 1599 the Schwarzenbergs were elevated to Counts and in 1670 to Princes. The House of Schwarzenberg came into extensive land holdings in Bohemia in 1661 through a marriage alliance with the House of Eggenberg. In the 1670s, they established their primary seat in Bohemia. Until 1918 their primary residence was in Český Krumlov, Bohemia (now in the Czech Republic). In the late 18th century, the House of Schwarzenberg was divided into two titled lines (majorats). The elder line died out in the male line in 1965 with Heinrich Schwarzenberg, the 11th Prince of Schwarzenberg. The second line was established with Prince Karl Philipp of Schwarzenberg at Orlík, Murau and Vienna. Today the two lines are united under the current head of the house, Prince Karl VII of Schwarzenberg aka. Karel, Prince of Schwarzenberg (born Karl Johannes Nepomuk Joseph Norbert Friedrich Antonius Wratislaw Menas), 7. Fürst zu Schwarzenberg (Second Majorat), Herzog von Krummau (12/10/1937 Prague, Bohemia - ) politician, leader of Top 09 party, current Minister of Foreign Affairs who took office as Foreign Minister in July 2010, and also occupied the position from 2007-09.. euweb, *geni
Note: wikipedia; ..nephew of Anton Florian, Prince von Liechtenstein. Joseph was primarily a general and was a very successful campaigner.. Joseph managed to rule Liechtenstein three times. Firstly, in his own right, from 1712-1718. The second time, he ruled as heir to Josef Johann Adam between 1732-1745 and the third time as representative of the House von Liechtenstein from 1748-1772. He was the 698th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. When he died in 1772 at Vienna, without surviving issue, Liechtenstein went to his nephew Franz Joseph I, Prince von Liechtenstein
Note: royalguide, wikipedia ..He was a nephew of Joseph Wenzel I whom he succeeded on 10 February 1772. Franz Joseph had been recognised heir to Liechtenstein since 1723, when his uncle's only son had died. Joseph Wenzel took Franz Joseph under his wing and Franz Joseph accompanied him in a campaign in Northern Italy, fighting with Wenzel at the Battle of Piacenza. The battle was a victory for the Holy Roman Empire, of which Liechtenstein was a part. He was the 802nd Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. In 1763, Franz Josef traveled on behalf of the Emperor to Spain, in order to bring the bride of Archduke Leopold a picture of the Archduke. In 1767, he became Privy Councillor, and in 1771, he received the Order of the Golden Fleece. Once Franz Joseph became Prince von Liechtenstein, he showed great interest in its economic problems and the ever-increasing Liechtenstein art collection.
Note: wikipedia Aloys was enlisted in the military as a youth but withdrew due to poor health. His great interest was forestry and gardening and had many trees from overseas planted around his manors for both economic and aesthetic reasons. He also decorated Eisgrub Park with ornamental buildings. Aloys I supported mining operations within his lands in Moravia in order to raise money. This included the construction of an ironworks at Olomouc. Aloys I also expanded the Liechtenstein library through the purchase of complete collections of books. Aloys I had the architect Joseph Hardtmuth design a new palace in Herrengasse, Vienna. He hired a seasonal theater group and a permanent music group. During his reign, Liechtenstein carried out the last execution in its history when Barbara Erni was beheaded in Eschen, Liechtenstein for theft. He was the 836th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria
Note: wikipedia He was the last Liechtenstein prince to rule under the Holy Roman Empire 1805-1806 and as regent von LIECHTENSTEIN 1806-1814.. reigned until 1836. Liechtenstein chose a military career at age 22.. During the French Revolutionary Wars, Liechtenstein led 2,000 cavalry in an "outstandingly effective cavalry action" at Avesnes-le-Sec on Sep 12, 1793. During this battle he defeated 7,000 French troops, inflicting losses of 2,000 killed and wounded while losing only 69 men.. Liechtenstein was prominent in the Napoleonic Wars. At the Battle of Austerlitz (Moravia, Czech), he led the 4,600 cavalry of the 5th Column. His troops fought well but he was unable to save the Austrian-Russian army from a disastrous defeat. Afterward, he carried on the negotiations with Emperor Napoleon I which concluded with the Peace of Pressburg. He earned the rank of General of Cavalry in 1808..
Note: wikipedia Sovereign Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN 1836-1858. Alois contributed actively to Liechtenstein's economic and political development.. His father was at the time of his birth a Colonel in the Habsburg army, and since became a Field Marshal before becoming the ruling Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN in 1805. Aloys at the same time became the heir apparent.
Note: Sophi wikipedia, Charles wikipedia, their descendants include Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg born Karl Theodor Maria Nikolaus Johann Jacob Philipp Franz Joseph Sylvester Freiherr von und zu Guttenberg (12/5/1971 - ) a German politician of the Christian Social Union (CSU). A Member of Parliament from 2002 - March 2011..
Note: wikipedia Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN (1858-1929). His reign of 70 years, 3 months is the 2nd longest in European royal history after that of Louis XIV of France. He ascended to the throne shortly after his 18th birthday, and as such his reign is the longest precisely documented tenure of any monarch since antiquity in which a regent was never employed. His mother served as his regent during the first years of his reign. Johann II overtook control from his mother in 1860.. He was the 987th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. Upon his death in 1929, Johann II was succeeded by his brother Franz I. OR Šternberk, Moravia and its Šternberk castle with its Liechtenstein Collection; Zdeslav of (see Sternberg /Šternberk family) who built the castle Šternberk in Bohemia in the 13th century, was given local area at the foot hill of Jeseníky Mountains for his service to the King Václav I (Wenceslaus, King of the Romans).. Later Baroque checks, applied by the Lichtensteins, did not influence the appearance of the castle. Final appearance was given to it by Jan II of Lichtenstein (1858 - 1929), who erected the castle from ruins after Prussian-Russian Wars. The last destructive interventions were caused because of the World War II..
Note: wikipedia Aloys renounced his succession rights in favor of his son Prince Franz Joseph II von LIECHTENSTEIN in 1923
Note: wikipedia During his reign women received voting rights for the first time, following a referendum on the topic (among men only) in 1984. Franz Joseph was an extremely popular sovereign in Liechtenstein. He was the first ruling prince to live full-time in the principality. He also oversaw the economic development von LIECHTENSTEIN from a poor agricultural backwater into one of the richest countries (per capita) in the world. He was the 1,240th Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece in Austria. Liechtenstein remained neutral throughout WW-2, and its neutrality was never violated by any of the combatants. However, two factors have linked the Liechtensteinian State to the Axis cause: In 2005, it was revealed that Franz Joseph II profitted directly from the Holocaust. Labourers from the Strasshof, Austria concentration camp, provided by the SS, had worked on estates in Austria owned by the Liechtensteinian Princely House. At the end of the war, Liechtenstein gave asylum to about 500 soldiers of the First Russian National Army (a collaborationist Russian force within the German Wehrmacht). Eventually, Argentina agreed to permanently resettle the asylum seekers. In contrast, the British Army sent Russians they had captured who had fought on the side of Germany against the Soviet Union to the USSR where they were sent into the Gulags.
Note: Johannes & Karoline children were born in Šternberk (Sternberg), Moravia = Peter Rohel's birth place *geni, and the family was seen by Heidi (nee Klimesch) Rohel in the Catholic church private balcony. Their Liechtenstein Castle owned (1693-1945) & lumber hills were Confiscated by the Czech Communists in post WW-2, just as Heeg & Friedmmann textile factory/home in Šternberk, birth place of Heidi (her 7 children) and her brothers Arthur, Rudolf *see my Šternberk web page
*2nd wife of Constantin: Helene Gräfin ESTERHÁZY von GALÁNTHA Born: May 17, 1921 in Sárosd, Hungary. Married: Dec 21, 1976 civilly and religiously on Jan 10, 1977 in Vaduz, Liechtenstein *descendants on wikipedia
*2nd wife of Vincenz: Roberta Valeri MANERA Born: Feb 12, 1953 in Milan, Italy. Married: May 20, 1999 in Vaduz, Liechtenstein civilly and religiously Jun 19, 1999 in Venice, Italy Father: Mario Valeri Manera Mother: Maria Gaggia
Note: wikipedia Mindaugas, German prince elected King of Lithuania with the regnal name Mindaugas II on 7/11/1918. He never assumed the crown however, as German authorities declared the election invalid and the invitation was withdrawn in Nov. 1918, (7/17/1869 - 1928) he was head of the morganatic Urach branch of the House of Württemberg *wikipedia
Note: wikipedia; Elisabeth princess consort and Franz I, Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN on wikipedia; Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN 1929-1938, served as the Austro-Hungarian ambassador at the Court of Tsar Nicholas II in St. Petersburg between 1894-1899. As Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN, he continued the economic reforms initiated by his brother. Like his brother Johann II (reigned 1858-1929 wiki.), Franz I had no children. His first cousin once removed Prince Aloys was heir presumptive, but Aloys removed himself from the line of succession in favor of his son, Franz Josef, in 1921. In March 1938 the elderly Franz I named Franz Joseph the country's regent. Although he cited old age as his reason for relinquishing his duties, it is widely believed that it was because he had no desire to be on the throne if Nazi Germany invaded his small Principality. Franz I was formally succeeded by Franz Joseph, who became Franz Joseph II, Prince von LIECHTENSTEIN
*2nd wife of Prince Gundacker Fürst von LIECHTENSTEIN: Elisabeth Lukretia of Teschen Born: Jun 1, 1599 Married: 1618 Died: May 19, 1653
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