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SHEKHAWAT DYNASTY

SHEKHAWAT (Dynasty)

AREA: 9,363 km2

COMPENSATION: Rs

ACCESSION: 1954

STATES: Shekhawati States

DYNASTY: Suryavanshi (Kachhawa clan, Shekhawat subclan)

RELIGION: Hindu

CAPITAL: Amarsar

POPULATION: xx

REVENUE: Rs

LOCATION: Rajasthan (Jaipur and Sikar Distt.)



HEAD SEAT: Amarsar was the head-seat till Rao Suja, replaced by Khandela when his second son Raja Raisal occupied Amarsar, Udaipur, Kasli and Khandela.

PREDECESSORS AND SHORT HISTORY: Following is a brief historical and genealogical outline of the Shekhawat clan, being one of the 65 branches of the Kachhawa ruling clan of Jaipur, and the most prominent of all the Kachhawas, and are the descendants of great Rajput warrior, Maharao Shekhaji (1433-1488). The early rulers paid allegiance to their overlords, the rulers of Amber, but Rao Shekhaji declared himself independent in 1471 and established a separate principality for his descendants. The Shekhawats ruled over the Shekhawati region for over 500 years and are honoured with the hereditary title of 'Tazimi Sirdars', whom HH the Maharaja of Jaipur receives by rising from his seat. The Shekhawat rulers built more than 50 forts and Palaces during their rule over the Shekhawati region [land of Shekhawat rulers], which was the largest Nizamat [District] within Jaipur State, almost the whole of which is occupied by Shekhawats, Col. J.C. Brooke in his book, Political History of India, wrote that "For the recruitment of Horse-army there is no region in India at par with Shekhawati." Shekhawat is a very common surname in the Indian military. Many members of the clan have won gallantry awards including the Param Veer Chakra (the highest Indian award for bravery in a time of war), the Mahaveer Chakra, etc.

  • Raja UDAYAKARAN, Raja of Amber (Jaipur) 1367/1389, married and had (with other issue).
    • Rao Baloji (qv)
  • Rao BALOJI, Rao of Barwara 1389/1430, third son, received his patrimony of Barwara, married and had issue.
    • Rao Mokalji (qv)
    • Rao Khemrajji, his descendants were one of the Bara Kotri (12 Chambers) of Kachhawa Royal Family of Jaipur.
    • Rao Kharudji, married and had issue.
      • Rao Kumanji, ancestor of the Kumawat clan (said to be nearly extinct in 1823). 
  • Rao MOKALJI, Rao of Barwara 1430/1445, married 4 wives, including, 4thly, Chauhan Rani Nirbanji of Khetri, and had issue. He died 1445.
    • Rao Shekhaji (by Rani Nirbanji) (qv)
  • Maharao SHEKHAJI, Rao of Barwara 1445/1460 and Maharao of Amarsar 1460/1488, born September 24, 1433, founder of Amarsar in 1460, he declared himself independent in 1471 and established a separate Kingdom of his descendants; married 1stly, (a) Maharani Takanji Ganga Kunwari, daughter of Nagvanshi Keelhanji Taank of Nagargadh, she established the Kalyanji temple facing entry of Amarsar Fort around 1516-17 V.S., (b) married 2ndly, Maharani Tanwarji-I, daughter of Rao Gahirmalji Tanwar of Dokna, (c) married 3rdly, Maharani Tanwariji II, daughter of Pichiyanji Tanwar of Bayal (Ganwri), (d) married 4thly, Maharani Gaurji, daughter of Jadamji Gaur of Jhunthar in Maroth, (e) married 5thly, Maharani Chauhaniji, daughter of Rao Raja Syobrahma Chauhan of Chaubara (Mewat, now Alwar), and had issue, 12 sons (8 survived) and 3 daughters. He died 1488 in the battle of Ghatwa near Maroth.
    • Kunwar Durga, ancestor of the Gadh Taknet clan. He died 1488 in the battle of Ghatwa. 
    • Kunwar Ratna, ancestor of the Ratnawat clan. 
      • Rani Lachlade (Lachan Bai), married Rao Maldevji of Jodhpur as his Patrani (Queen Consort), and had issue. 
        • Yuvraj Ram Singh (later Maharaja of Jodhpur)
      • Kunwar Akheraj, married and had issue, three sons. 
        • Kunwar Kanha, married and had issue, five sons. 
        • Kunwar Kallaji 
        • Kunwar Prem Singh 
    • Kunwar Puran Mal, died sp 1488 in the battle of Ghatwa. 
    • Kunwar Abha, settled at village Milakpur established by his mother (Mallikpuria subclan) 
    • Kunwar Achala, settled at village Milakpur established by his mother (Mallikpuria subclan) 
    • Kunwar Trilok, he was given Mallikpur jointly with his two older brothers. He died sp. in Shikhargadh battle.
    • Kunwar Kumbha, settled at Khejroli.
    • Kunwar Ridmal, settled at Khejroli. 
    • Kunwar Bharmal, he was given Khejroli jointly with his two older brothers, and their descendants are known as Khejroliya.
    • Rao Raimal (qv)
  • Rao RAIMAL, 2nd Rao of Amarsar 1488/1537, 12th son of Maharao Shekha by Maharani Chauhaniji, he had 555 Villages in his State, married seven wives, and had issue, six sons. He died 1537. 
    • Rao Suja Singh (qv) 
    • Kunwar Tej Singh, he was the minister of Raja Rattan Singh of Amber, killed shortly after 1525 by Rao Jaimal of Uniara in Jaipur. 
    • Kunwar Sahas Mal, he was granted the jagir of Siwar. 
    • Kunwar Jagmal 
    • Kunwar Sheo Singh 
    • Kunwar Sultan Singh 
    • Baisa (name unknown), married Rao Bida, Raja of Bidasar, and had issue.
  • Rao SUJA SINGH [SURAJPAL], 3rd Rao of Amarsar 1537/1548, married and had issue, six sons.
    • Rao Lunkaran of Amarsar (qv) 
    • Rao Raisal (qv) 
    • Rao Gopal Singh of Karad, had descendants at Jharli and Karad, married and had issue. 
      • Thakur Madhodas
      • Thakur Shyamdas, married and had issue. 
        • Kunwar Sabal Singh. 
      • Thakur Hardas, 3rd son, established Hardas ka bas, married and had issue. 
        • Kunwar Mohandas 
        • Kunwar Mooldas 
        • Kunwar Tiloksi 
        • Kunwar Gordhan 
        • Kunwar Bijeyram 
        • Kunwar Abheyram 
        • Kunwar Govinddas 
        • Kunwar Parasram 
      • Thakur Tatarkhan, married and had issue. 
        • Kunwar Benidas 
      • Thakur Saidas, married and had issue. 
        • Kunwar Gokuldas 
      • Thakur Kesodas 
    • Rao Bhairon Singh of Bassi, 4th son, he was killed by a Sankhla Rajput when he killed Chandaji in dispute over Bassi Bayalasi territory. 
      • Thakur Narahdas, married and had issue. 
        • Kunwar Naharkhan 
        • Kunwar Kisansi 
        • Kunwar Mukundsi 
        • Kunwar Harisi 
        • Kunwar Jagannath
        • Kunwar Jaswant
        • Kunwar Ballu
        • Kunwar Raghunath 
      • Thakur Kanwarsal 
      • Thakur Sanga 
      • Thakur Bharmal 
    • Rao Chanda Singh of Mahanpur, 5th son, married and had issue. 
      • Thakur Puranmal 
      • Thakur Tatarkha, married and had issue.
        • Kunwar Mukunddas
        • Kunwar Fatehsingh
      • Thakur Prithviraj 
    • Kunwar Ram Singh, died sp.
  • Rao LUNKARAN 1548/1584 of Amarsar, which comprised some 360 villages which was overshadowed by the Junior lines some 200 years later, granted a mansab of 2000 sawars by Akbar, appointed Faujdar of Sambhar in 1571, married (amongst others), Rani Hansa Bai, daughter of Raja Maldeo of Marwar (Jodhpur), and had issue, nine sons. He died 1584.
    • Rao Kishan das (eldest son) his descendants have Kotris in Lalasar Bawdi. 
    • Thakur Ishwar Das [Isardas], married and had issue, only one daughter. 
      • Rani Shekhawatji Baisa, married Maharajkumar Sabal Singh, younger brother of HH Maharaja Gaj Singh of Jodhpur, died 1673 V.S.
    • Thakur Sanwal Das of Hastera and Pachar.
    • Kunwar Narsingh Das, married and had issue, one son.
      • Rao Ugresenji, ancestor of the thakurs of Khejroli, Mehroli, Dodhsai, Kariri, Dorala, Gudha, Sarangsar, Singod, Joonsya, and also Sabalpura in Sikar.
    • Thakur Bhagwan Das of Reengus - Mehroli, married and had issue. 
      • Thakur Achal Das, founder of the Achaldasji ke Shekhawat clan, ancestor of the Thakurs of Rudhal Manpura, Badhaal and Jahota in Jaipur.
      • Kunwar Jagganath Singh, died in Dhauli battle.
    • Kunwar Natha Singh [Nathaji] of Talba 
    • Kunwar Dule Harai [Dulherai] 
    • Kunwar Kalyan Das 
    • Kunwar Chitar Das 
    • Rao MANOHAR DAS (by Rani Hansa Bai), he was the youngest son still succeeded his father, founder of Manoharpur later renamed Shahpura. He received title of Mirza (meaning Prince) by Akbar, he had issue 3 sons.
  • Raja RAISAL Darbari 1584/1614, born about 1538, from Amarsar he was granted the jagir of Lamiya, he joined Imperial Army and was granted the title of Raja and a mansab of 1250 sawars later raised to 3000 (Punjhazari as per some sources), married 1stly, Rani Kesar Kumari, daughter of Raja Lakhdheer Badgujar of Devati, married 2ndly, Rani Kisnawati, daughter of Raja Peetha, the Raja of Khandela, adding that territory to his own, married 3rdly. Rani Mertanji, married 4thly, Rani Hansa Kumari, committed sati in 1614, daughter of Rao Jagmal of Merta, married 5thly, Rani Lad Kanwar, daughter of Raja Kumbha Gaur of Maroth, married 6thly, Rani Indrawati, daughter of Rao Man Singh Songara of Pali, and had issue, 12 sons, the Raisalot clan, including the Sadhani sub-clan. He died about 1614.
    • Rajkumar Lad Singh, Thakur of Rewasa and Khachariawas (better known as Lad Khan) (by Rani Kesar Kumari), he was the eldest son but didn't succeed to the throne either because he separated during his father's lifetime or accepted Islam, ancestor of the Ladkhani sub-clan of the Shekhawat.
    • Raja Hariramji of Khandela, (by the Princess of Khandela), participated in various Imperial expeditions including Ladakh, Deccan and Ahmedabad, married and had issue, six sons. He died in a battle in Deccan.
      • Raja Hridayram of Ranoli, eldest son, installed on gaddi as an infant, but after being dispossessed of Khandela throne by his step-uncle Girdhardasji he established his own estate at Ranoli Fort near Ringus (later usurped by Khandela) and later at Mundru, married 1stly, Rani Ratna Gaur, married 2ndly, Rani Prabhawati Bidawat, and had issue, a daughter and six sons.
        • Raja Harbhan Singh [Bhan Singh Hariramot], Raja of Mundru (52,000 bigha) which included the estate of Arnia (12,000 bigha), Khurrampura, Kolwa, Lisaria; martyred alongwith Sujan Singh Bhojrajot of Udaipurwati in 1736 BS (March 1679 AD) in a battle against Mughal Army of Padshah Aurangzeb under Commander Darab Khan, son of Abdur Rahim Khan-i Khanan for protection of Khandela's Dev Mandir Temple when Rao Bahadur Singh of Khandela who was deployed in deccan but returned to Khandela over a dispute with Bahadur Khan, a Mughal Noble. He married, and had issue, three sons.
          • Raja Jagbhan Singhji, Raja of Mundru, he joined Imperial Service and participated in various battles, he was confirmed in his possessions by the Mughal Emperor as the Jagirdar of Mundru, married and had issue, three sons.
            • Raja Jalam Singh, [Jalam Singh Ji Ka Pana, Mundru], married and had issue.
            • Rao Kirat Singh, [Kirat Singh Ji Ka Pana, Mundru], married and had issue.
            • Rao Bishan Singh, [Bishan Singh Ji Ka Pana, Mundru], married and had issue.
        • Rajkumari Sone Kanwar, married (as his first wife) Bhopatot Rao Sahibkhanji Champawat, Thakur of Khatu in Jodhpur, head seat of Champawat clan, and had issue, two sons.
      • Rajkumari Shekhawatji, married Rajkumar Bharmal, son of Raja Kishan Singh of Kishangarh, and had issue, one son.
    • Rajkumar Virbhan Singh (by Rani Lad Kanwar), he died sp. in battle of Swat. 
    • Rao Tirmal (by Rani Mertanji), granted the title of Rao and the pargana of Nagore and Kasli (84 villages), married and had issue. 
      • Rao Gangaram of Kasli, married and had issue, the Raos of Sikar. He died at Renwal. 
    • Raja Bhojraj (by Rani Hansa Kumari) 1621/1640, born 1567, he represented his father in the battle of Kangra in 1582; he received the village of Kosambi in 1608 as his jagir, it was later renamed Udaipur, granted a mansab of 800 zat and 400 sawars, later raised to 1000 zat and 500 sawars; in 1596, the year of famine, he started the construction of a tank, namely the 'Bhoj Sagar' for the relief of famine sufferers; married eleven wives, and had issue, the 'Bhojraj Ji Ka' sub clan. He died about 1640 at Khandela where his cenotaph was built.
      • Raja Todar Mal (by Rani Anop Kanwar Yadaviji), succeded his father as the Raja Sahib of Udaipurwati 1640/1658, a generous and noble person, he served as Finance Minister and Prime Minister, and was considered to be one of the nine Gems of India during Padshah Akbar's reign. He was one of the closest associates of the Mughal emperor Akbar, who sought his services during the conquest of Bengal in 1576. He also led the military campaign against Chitor in 1568. He was famous for his land revenue settlement known as Zabti or regulation system. He divided the cultivable land into four classes on the basis of the fertility of the soil and frequency of cultivation. Once he gave a unique reception and showed hospitality to Bareth Haridas (the Kavi of Maharana Jagat Singh of Udaipur), after testing his generosity, Bareth remarked - Two Udaipurs are glorious,two givers are unhesitating; one is Rana Jagat Singh and another is Raja Todermal; he married 1stly, Rani Sher Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Kalyan Das Nirban of Kharkada, married 2ndly, Tara Devi, daughter of Thakur Raghunath Singh Baghel of Kusambhi, married 3rdly, Parsawati Bidawatiji, daughter of Thakur Dhuraj of Chappar, married 4thly, Rani Sewag Tanwariji, daughter of Thakur Kishan Singh, married 5thly, Rani Udawatiji, daughter of Thakur Kalyan Das of Jaitaran, married 6thly, Rani Chauhaniji, daughter of Thakur Jhujhar Singh of Rampura, and had issue, six sons. He died 1658.
        • Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar in Rajasthan, (Photo
          Kunwar Purshottam Das of Jhajhar
          ), married Kunwarani Phool Kanwar Mertani Ji Sahiba of Kuchaman, and had issue, two sons and a daughter.
          • Thakur Hari Singh, married but died sp
          • Thakur Prithvi Singh, (Photo
            Thakur Prithvi Singh of Jhajhar
            ), married 1stly, Thakurani Biki Ji, married 2ndly, Thakurani Biki Ji, married 3rdly, Thakurani Udawat Ji, and had issue, four sons. He died in the battle of Devli and Heerapura, north of Sambhar.
            • Thakur Fateh Singh, [Fateh Singh Ji Ka Pana, Jhajhar], married and had issue. 
            • Thakur Padam Singh, [Padam Singh Ji Ka Pana, Jhajhar] married and had issue. 
            • Thakur Sabha Singh, [Pana Malam Singh Sabhasinghot, Jhajhar], married and had issue. 
            • Thakur Karan Singh, [Karan Singh Ji Ka Pana, Jhajhar], married and had issue, two sons. 
              • Thakur Badan Singh, married and had issue.
              • Thakur Devi Singh, married and had issue. 
                • Thakur Bhairo Singh, he was granted the jagir, later named as 'Bhairobas' Raola of Jhajhar; married and had issue.
          • Maharani Sukhroopde Kanwar, married Maharaja Ratan Singh of Ratlam. She committed sati in 1658. 
        • Kunwar Shyam Singh of Chapoli. 
        • Kunwar Himmat Singh of Kari. 
        • Kunwar Bhim Singh of Moondawarra, Rawao and Girawadi.
        • Raja Jhujhar Singh, Thakur of Udaipurwati 1658/1687, married 1stly, Rani Lakh Kanwar Gauriji, married 2ndly, Rani Rup Kanwar Bidawatiji, married 3rdly, Rani Suhag Kanwar Tanwariji, daughter of Rao Kesar Singhji, married 4thly, Rani Deep Kanwar Jodhiji, married 5thly, Rani Ajab Kanwar Nirbaniji, married 6thly, Rani Kusum Kanwar Tanwariji, and had issue, eighteen sons and two daughters. He died 1687.
          • Thakur Jagram Singh, Thakur of Udaipurwati 1687/-, married 1stly, Rani Kandhlotiji, daughter of Thakur Pratap Singh of Rawatsar, married 2ndly, Thakurani Kundan Kanwar, and had issue. 
            • Kunwar Kushal Singh of Badao (by Rani Kandhlotiji) 
            • Kunwar Gopal Singh of Udaipur (by Rani Kandhlotiji) 
            • Kunwar Sukh Singh of Panchlangi (by Rani Kandhlotiji), died 1719.
            • Thakur Sardul Singh (by Thakurani Kundan Kanwar), born 1681, Thakur of Parasrampura from 1715, he conquered the territory of the Kaimkhani Nawabs of Jhunjhunu (Chauhan Rajputs who accepted Islam) in October 1730, married 1stly, 1698, Thakurani Sahaj Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Manroop Singh Bika of Nathasar, married 2ndly, Thakurani Sirey Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Mohakam Singh of Nathasar, married 3rdly Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar Mertaniji, daughter of Thakur Devi Singh of Poonota (Punlota?), and had issue. He died 17th April 1742.
              • Thakur Zorawar Singh (by Thakurani Sahaj Kanwar), born 1700 at Kant, married 1stly, Thakurani Hansa Kanwar, married 2ndly, Thakurani Kesar Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Surat Singh Jodha, married 3rdly, Thakurani Jeev Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Himmat Singh Nirban of Jasrapur, married 4thly, Thakurani Akhaya Kanwar, daughter of Thakur Shyam Singh Mertia, and had issue, eight sons. He died 1745.
                • Kunwar Bakhat Singh of Chowkri and Doomra. 
                • Kunwar Maha Singh of Malsisar
                • Kunwar Daulat Singh of Mandrella
                • Kunwar Jait Singh, died sp in 1752. 
                • Kunwar Salim Singh of Taien, Sirohi. 
                • Kunwar Medh Singh of Gangiyasar.
                • Kunwar Hathi Singh of Sultanu. 
                • Kunwar Kirat Singh of Dabri Dheer.
              • Thakur Kishan Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar), born 1709, ancestor of the families of Khetri, Arooka, Seegra, Alsisar and Balaria. 
              • Kunwar Bahadur Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar), born 1712, died 1732. 
              • Raja Nawal Singh Bahadur (by Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar), born 1715, ancestor of the families of Nawalgarh, Mahensar, Dorasar, Mukundgarh, Narsinghani and Mandawa. He died 24th February 1780. 
              • Thakur Keshri Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar), born 1729, ancestor of the families of Dundlod, Surajgarh and Bissau, 4th and youngest son, died 1768. 
              • Thakur Akhey Singh (by Thakurani Bakhat Kanwar), died sp 1750. 
              • Rani Guman Kanwar (by Thakurani Sahaj Kanwar), born 1699, married Rao Chattar Singh of Indergarh in Kotah.
            • Thakur Saledhi Singh of Moonwari and Nangali (by Thakurani Kundan Kanwar), born 1687, married five wives, and had issue, thirteen sons and three daughters. He died about 1767. 
              • Kunwar Ajit Singh, died 1785.
          • Baisa Lad Kanwar, married Apji Inder Singh of Indragarh in Kotah.
          • Baisa Hasta Kanwar 
          • Baisa Shab Kanwar, married Apji Megh Singh of Indragarh in Kotah
          • Baisa Janak Kanwar, married Apji Amar Singh of Khatoli in Kotah
          • Baisa Sukh Kanwar, married Maharaj Shivnath Singh of Sitamau.
        • Kunwar Harnath Singh of Rasulpur.
      • Kunwar Kesari Singh Bhojrajot (by Rani Parag Kanwar Nirbaniji), Thakur of Guhala, second son of Shekhawat Raja Bhojraj Raisalot of Udaipur and younger brother of Todarmal, he received Guhala, Chanwra, Mau, Jalpali and Jodhpura in partition. He married and had issue, five sons.
        • Thakur Vijay Singh, 2nd Thakur of Guhala, he received Guhala in partition, married Gaur Thakurani Badan Kanwar, and had issue, three sons. Some of his descendants are also said to have settled in Jodhpura. 
          • Thakur Ghasiram Singh, settled at Guhala with his brothers, Guhala was declared khalsa and sequestrated due to not deposition of tribute (mamla) to Jaipur, and was later granted in jagir to Raja Nawal Singh of Nawalgarh before BS 1830, and after his death his son Narsinghdas received the jagir of Guhala and Thoi, later it went into the hands of Shyam Singh of Bissau as jagir, and in BS 1890 it (Guhala Bhadran) was again declared khalsa and granted in jagir to Keshri Singh, son of Chand Singh Saindasot Kandhal, by Maharaja Jaipur, and it remained under possession of his descendants until independence of India, and went into the hands of Lal Singh Bhadran, Ram Singh, Pahad Singh, Pratap Singh, Chand Singh and Keshri Singh respectively, he married and had issue.
            • Thakur Bhadar Singh
              • Thakur Bhamu Singh
                • Thakur Saubhagya Singh
                  • Thakur Bhim Singh
          • Bakhtawar Singh, settled at Guhala with his brothers 
          • Karn Singh, settled at Guhala with his brothers, but his sons had to leave Guhala after it was sequestrated from descendants of Vijay Singh, he married and had issue, three sons.
            • Shivnath Singh 
            • Nop Singh, married and had issue, one son. 
              • Chain Singh, he married and had issue, two sons, whose descendants settled at Nrisinghpuri (Narsinghpuri). He died in the battle of Maonda.
                • Narsinghdas
                • Deep Singh, he engaged in robbery around Guhala to avenge sequestration of ancestral Thikana and was granted a few thousand bigha land from the Thakur of Guhala, where he established a small village with his brother Narsinghdas, earlier known as Bhomia ki dhani, but now known as Nrisinghpuri after his elder brother Narsinghdas.
                • generations….
                  • Bodu Singh, a descendant of Chain Singh, married Mahasati Jugal Kanwar, daughter of Syodan Singh of Kuteena, she committed sati on Chait Vadi 3 VS 2023.
            • Jait Singh, married and had issue, two sons, settled at Baghsingh ki dhani.
              • Bagh Singh, married and had issue, four sons, settled in ancestral village. 
                • Nahar Singh 
                • Indra Singh 
                • Bhagwan Singh 
                • Fateh Singh 
              • Riddh Singh 
        • Thakur Jai Singh, Thakur of Chanwra, received jagir of Chanwara as share in ancestral properties; he had two Thakuranis (a), Tanwar ji, and (b), Jodhi ji, and had issue, five sons, whose all descendants settled at Chanwra. 
          • Kashiram Singh (by Tanwarji) 
          • Nathu Singh (by Tanwarji) 
          • Sukh Singh (by Jodhiji) 
          • Chatar Singh (by Jodhiji) 
          • Kushal Singh (by Jodhiji) 
        • Tilok Singh 
        • Kalyan Singh 
        • Thakur Gaj Singh, Thakur of Mau, he received the jagir of Mau and Jalpali, married and had issue, nine sons.
          • Jodh Singh, established separate village along with his brother which came to be known as Jorawarsingh ki dhan, now called Zorawar Nagar, he married and had issue, five sons.
            • Dan Singh, his descendants are in Zorawar Nagar.
              • Bhur Singh, a descendant of Dan Singh, settled at Pushp Nagar (Srimadhopur).
            • Guman Singh, his descendants are in Jalpali (near Srimadhopur).
            • Bishan Singh, his descendants are in Jalpali.
            • Khadag Singh, his descendants are in Jalpali.
            • Kushaal Singh, youngest son, he married and had issue, two sons.
              • Saalam Singh, his descendants are in Fusparya (Pushp Nagar, Srimadhopur).
              • Mohabat Singh his descendants are in Fusparya (Pushp Nagar, Srimadhopur).
          • Jorawar Singh, established separate village along with his brother which came to be known as Jorawarsingh ki dhani, now called Zorawar Nagar. He had two Thakuranis, and had issue, five sons, all settled at Zorawar Nagar.
            • Tej Singh (by Senior wife)
            • Amani Singh (by Senior wife)
              • Hukam Singh, went to Jalpali, where his descendants settled.
              • Harnath Singh, went to Jalpali, where his descendants settled.
            • Sher Singh (by Junior wife)
            • Paimp Singh (by Junior wife)
            • Bhom Singh (by Junior wife) 
          • Bane Singh 
          • Sabal Singh, married and had issue, four sons, settled at Mau.
            • Saledhi Singh 
            • Bharu Singh
            • Bindu Singh
            • Bilas Singh
          • Pratap Singh, married and had issue, four sons, settled at Mau.
            • Sev Singh
            • Baaj Singh (Vaj Singh)
            • Jodh Singh
            • Akraam Singh
          • Mohkam Singh, married and had issue, two sons, settled at Mau.
            • Padam Singh
            • Purnmall
            • unknown generations......
              • Kunwar Kalyan Singh of Mau, a renowned national artist (painter).
              • Thakur Dependra Singh Shekhawat, Congress Politician, Ex-MLA (Srimadhopur), Speaker, Rajasthan Legislative Assembly, married Thakurani (name unknown), and has issue.
                • Kunal Singh Mao, married Baisa Rajrajeshwari, elder daughter of Col. Udaybhan Singh, son of Maharaj Nirbhay Singhji of Karjali, and his wife, Kumari Shraddha, youngest daughter of Rajkumar Lal Saheb Surendra Singh Parihar of Nagod.
              • Thakur Virendra Singh Shekhawat, married a granddaughter of Goyanddasot Chandawat Rathore Thakur Saheb Col. Shiv Singhji of Sainany Thikana of 24 villages (son of the Thakur Sahib of Nokha near Merta), double Tazim Sardar of Marwar Darbar.
          • Gyan Singh
          • Than Singh
          • Bahadur Singh
      • Kunwar Raghunath Singh (by Rani Parag Kanwar Nirbaniji)
    • Kunwar Puras Ram, Thakur of Bae (by Rani Kesar Kumari) 
    • Kunwar Biharidas (by Rani Kisnawati) 
    • Kunwar Taj Khan (by Rani Kesar Kumari)
    • Thakur Girdhar Singh (by Rani Mertanji) of Khandela, 7th son, usurped Khandela from his infant nephew and it was later recognised as his jagir by Padshah Jahangir of Delhi.
    • Kunwar Kushal Singh (by Rani Indrawati), married and had issue.
      • Rani Ladi Kanwar, married Yuvraj Maharajkumar Amar Singh Rathore, Rao of Nagaur, eldest son of Maharaja Gaj Singh I of Jodhpur, she became sati on 26th July 1644.

BIOGRAPHY OF MAHARAO SHEKHA: Maharao Shekhaji was born in 1433 (v.s.1490), the son of Rao Mokalji and Chauhan Rani Nirbanji. Rao Mokal was a chieftain who held the estate of Nan in fief from the ruler of Amber (Jaipur). The story of Shekha's birth is rather interesting. Mokal and Nirban were much troubled as they had no son for several years. They heard about the miraculous powers of the Sheikh Burhan, a Muslim mendicant. They decided to pay the man a visit. After they received the blessings of the Sheikh, a son was born to the couple. In honour of the mendicant, the couple named their son Shekha. At the age of 12 year he succeded his father in 1445 (v.s.1502). He was granted the title of Maharao by Raja Udharan Ji of Amber. The first notice of his valour was at the age of 16 years, with his sudden attack on Napa (Sankhala Rajput) at Nagarchal, Saiwar, Multhan etc. From 1473 to 1477 (v.s.1530 to 1534), with the help of Panni Pathans, Maharao Shekha conquered Dadri from Nop Singh Jatu and Bhiwani from the Othe Jatu Rajputs, Hansi from Ikhtar Khan and Hissar from Heda Khan Kaimkhani. Thus he extended his territory and become powerful. Shekha's reputation and growing power attracted the notice of the Raja of Amber, who was acknowledged as the head-Tikai, and was sent as a tribute, all the colts reared on his land. Shekha refused to send the colts and as a result of it Raja Chandersen of Amber attacked him. They fought several battles and in the last one, in 1471 (v.s.1528), Shekha repulsed Chandersen at the bank of Kokus river, near Amber. A treaty was made between both of them and according to it, the practice of sending colts to Amber was abandoned. After this, they lived peacefully and Shekha become independent and founded a union which was the birth of the Shekhawati federation. In 1449 (v.s.1506), Shekha Ji founded Amarsar (other sources mention that it was founded in 1460 (v.s.1517). In Amarsar Shekha built the temple of Bhagwan Jagdish and in 1477 (v.s.1534), he built the Shikhargarh Fort. Kulraj Gaur was ruling at Ghatwa, and under his command, a tank was being excavated at Jhotari village, and he ordered that any one passing that way should remove a quantity of earth from the tank. A rajput of Kachhawa clan was returning home with his bride, the rajput obeyed the rule and removed the earth, but the Gaurs insisted that his wife should do the same. The rajput did not agree to it and was killed in the defence of his honour. According to his last wish, his widow went to Amarsar and placed a handful of dust before Shekha and told him the fame of the Kachhawas would be tarnished if they did not take revenge upon the Gaurs. Thereupon, in 1478 (v.s.1535), Shekha invaded Ghatwa and the battle took place at the same tank and Kolraj was killed. Shekha took the head of Kolraj pierced on his spear and returned to Amarsar where it was shown to the widow and was hung on the Pol [gate] of his fort. The Gaur Rajputs fought about 12 battles with Shekha. They also recieved help from Sultan Behlol Khan of Delhi. In the last battle, they met near Ghatwa on the 'Khontiya' tank and fought fiercely. Rao Ridmal of Maroth wounded Shekha with his arrows and Shekha gave him a blow with his spear. Nawalraj, a son of Kolraj, killed Durga and Puranmal. Shekha tried to save his sons and gave a serve blow with his sword and killed Nawalraj. Rao Ridmal left the battle field. Shekha conquered Ghatwa and the other villages of Gaurs. Raimal with a force of two thousand horsemen arrived to help his father. Shekha was severely wounded and before his end, he nominated Raimal as his successor. Shekha expired peacefully at Ralawata in 1488, on Baisakh Sudi 3 [akha teej], v.s.1545. His cenotaph was built there. Maharao Shekha fought 52 battles in his lifetime. He was the ancestor of the Shekhawat sub-clan.

PROMINENT CHIEFS:

  • 5 Tazimi Nobles (Sirdars) - maintained 205 horses in Jaipur State services.
  • 24 Khas chauki Nobles - maintained 205 horses in State services.
    • Pachar, had its own flag.
    • Dhingpur
  • 124 Mamlaguzars States - vassal states and independent estates (status varied based on grants by Mughal Emperor and by virtue of treaties).

ANCIENT SITES OF THE SHEKHAWATS:

  • Amarsar - site of an ancient fort and temple.
  • Devigarh - site of a fort on the hill, built by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in 1787.
  • Fatehpur - established in 1451 as a capital for Muslim Kayamkhani Nawabs, but was taken by the Shekhawat Rajputs in the 18th century.
  • Jhunjhunu - was taken over by the Thakur Shardul Singh in 1730 from the Kayamkhani Nawabs. Jhunjhunu has three forts, namely Badalgarh Fort, Jorawargarh Fort, Akhegarh Fort, as well as a Palace, Khetri Mahal.
  • Khandela - site of two forts and various apartments.
  • Laxmangarh - founded in the early 19th century by Raja Laxman Singh of Sikar. Rao Raja of Sikar, Laxman Singh constructed a beautiful kaleidoscopic fort on the hill in 1862. He also founded a town, naming it after himself, as Laxmangarh in 1864. This town was styled after the Jaipur Town planning system.
  • Mundru - site of a fort on the hill called Mundri Dungri surrounded by two rivers and ancient temples including Khatu Shyamji.
  • Naan
  • Raghunathgarh - site of two Forts on the hill, built by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in 1791.
  • Ralawata
  • Ramgarh - founded by Rao Raja Devi Singh of Sikar in 1791.
  • Ranoli
  • Rewasa
  • Sikar - site of a fort.

  1. A History of Rajasthan, Rima Hooja, Rupa & Co.


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