HISTORY OF SURNAME: The name Thornton in Ireland is usually of Anglo origin having been brought to the country by settlers in the seventeenth century. Some native Gaelic Septs adopted it as the anglicized version of their Gaelic name however. These include the O'Draighnean Sept of County Galway whose Gaelic name is derived from a word meaning 'blackthorn'. The Thornton's of Donegal have their own crest.
NOTES: A lady by the name of Sandy says she has a document that William THORNTON states that he came to Clark County, Kentucky in December of 1794. Is this my William THORNTON?? It is from Fayette County, Kentucky records Vol. 1 (I think this is the way it goes) P. 218 (is the book page 115 is the page number of the record that has been copied into the book.) "Deposition of William THORNTON taken August 24, 1796, before Philemon THOMAS and Thomas WOOD at a salt lick in Mason County called Fowlers lick:........" "In 1775 I lived within a half a mile of Frederick FRALEY's mill in Castlewood and moved to Clark County, Kentucky about Christmas 1794."
NOTES: The following sent by Perry Goss who received it from someone else. (William THORNTON, records of whom and whose I seek, settled in Clark County, Kentucky, between November 28, 1793, and June 27, 1797. On August 19, 1803 he bought 174 acres in Clark County, Kentucky "on the waters of Lulbegrud." While one perhaps more of his children removed to Missouri about 1817, he may not have gone there till 1820. I want all records concerning him and his wife perhaps named Sarah, and who may have died in Kentucky")
NOTES: Another lady by the name of Dana. Has this information: My Clark County deeds came in and I looked at them, first you need to know that in all county deeds up to 1878, there was only William THORNTON. After 1878, the people were not applicable. William had only four deed references, so I am making the assumption that these were all done by the same William. One was for the sale of his land in Tennessee on Cherokee Creek in Washington County in 1797. Remember he and Clark are on the tax list for Clark County in 1795. The others are references to 174 acres of land that he bought from Joel BERRY in 1803 and sold in 1834. Now the bombshell - When he sells the land in 1834 he is not living in Kentucky he is living in Ray County, Missouri. It was not registered until July 1837, which could mean he was deceased at that time. I am not sure why the deeds are registered so late in many instances. I missed looking at the 1820 census, which I have to go back and do, but up until 1850 a William continues to appear in Ray County. I checked the 1850 census but that William was too young. So I don't know if William stays in Ray or goes elsewhere. The deeds in Ray County, Missouri need to be checked to see when he came to Missouri. BUT - I think we can safely say our William from TN to KY to MO. The land records prove it.
CENSUS RECORDS: 1810 Clark County, Kentucky page #646. There are two William THORNTON's one right after the other on page 646, both are over 45 years of age. Moses TREADWAY is listed right between them. Moses is a brother to Joel TREADWAY who married Mary THORNTON possible daughter of one of these William's. I am going to list both until I can figure out which one is which.
THORNTON, William ---- 1 male under 10, 1 male 16 to 26, 1 male over 45, 1 female under 10, 1 female 16 to 26, 1 female 26 to 45, 1 female over 45. (This William looks more like the right one because he has a girl in the 26 to 45 age bracket and Margery THORNTON would have been 28 in 1810. William Jr. would have been 22 in 1810. Mary was already married by 1810. John would have been 24 and probably on his own somewhere. That leaves 3 unaccounted for. The male and female under 10 and the female 16 to 26 years old. Who would they be? Are they other children of this William or grandchildren?) I just found out that Mary THORNTON TREADWAY, daughter of William died around 1810, so these two young children under 10 years of age may very well have been her's.
THORNTON, William ---- 1 male under 10, 1 male 10 to 16, 1 male 16 to 26, 1 male over 45, 1 female under 10, 1 female 10 to 16, 2 females 16 to 26, 1 female over 45.
CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS: Ray County, Missouri Index for the years 1820 to 1840, film #959749
THORNTON, William he was a juror in 1821, 1827, 1828, 1829, 1830 and 1836. (There is a Ballard THORNTON serving as a juror in 1837. I have no idea who he was. I have never seen this name before.)
LAND RECORDS: Ray County, Missouri Original Land Entries Vol.#1, book #977.819 R28g
Grantees - William THORNTON & William B. MARTIN, 16 March 1827, Twp. 52, Range 27, Section 31, all of NW 1/4
Grantee - William B. THORNTON, 1 April 1831, Twp. 52, Range 28, Section 25, w 1/2 of SW 1/4
Grantee - William THORNTON, 14 Nov 1836, Twp. 52, Range 28, Section 33, se 1/4 of SW 1/4
NOTES: There is a Joseph and Matthias H. ALLISON on the 1830 Ray County, Missouri census. Are they related to this Jane????
Katherine is listed on the IGI at FamilySearch.org as a daughter of William Thornton and Jane Allison.
She was in the 40 to 50 age bracket in 1830 living with her brother William.
HISTORY: Ray County, Missouri Chapters Vol.3 book #977.819 H2rcc She never married but kept house for herself and her brother William until her death.
HISTORY: Ray County, Missouri (SLFHL #977.819 H2h) Margery Thornton was an original member of the First Baptist Church of Christ in Richmond, Ray, Missouri which was organized in March of 1842, by the Reverend A. P. Williams.
PENSION RECORDS: War of 1812 Index, THORNTON, William SC-17976, served Capt. James Simpson's Company of the Kentucky Militia. (I am going to send for his pension file in hopes it will let us know where he was born and where his family was from before coming to Missouri.) I received the pension file today 18 Dec 2001. The only thing it had was that he enlisted in Winchester, Kentucky and served for over 60 days. Serving mostly in the Canadian campaign. Alexander Doniphan and his wife Elizabeth were the witnesses that said that he had served and he was entitled to a pension. There was no mention of a place of birth or parents names.
HISTORY: Ray County, Missouri Chapters Vol.4 book (SLFHL #977.819 H2rcc), William Thornton served in the War of 1812, and lived for many years with General Alexander W. Doniphan, dying at the age of 84.
HISTORY: Ray County, Missouri Chapters Vol.3 book (SLFHL #977.819 H2rcc), Richmond site donated, 1827,---The original site of the town of Richmond, Missouri was donated to Ray County on May 5th, 1827 by John Woolard, Isaac Thornton, William Thornton and William B. Martin. At the time of the selection of Richmond as the county seat, the owners of the land were the above named men. They conveyed the same to the county in fee simple. The fact that they had a good title to the land was the deciding factor in its selection as county seat.
CIRCUIT COURT RECORDS: Ray County, Missouri Index for the years 1820 to 1840, film #959749
THORNTON, William Jr. he was a juror in 1835 and 1840.
HISTORY: Ray County, Missouri (SLFHL #977.819 H2h) The court appointed William Thornton superintendent of county buildings; and, at its special term, April 5, 1828, he submitted a plan for a jail, which the court accepted, provided the cost thereof would not exceed four hundred dollars. The contract for building was let to Sebourn J. Miller. William Thornton was a County Judge from August 1831 to August 1834. William Thornton, enlisted as a private in Capt. James Simpson's company, Major Peter Dudley's brigade, in the division of General Duncan McArthur, War of 1812, on or about the 1st day of Sept, 1813, and was honorably discharged at Winchester, Kentucky, on or about the 25th day of Sept, 1814. He served with his company under General McArthur the greater portion of his term of enlistment in Canada. He saw considerable active service in this campaign in which General McArthur partly carried out his bold plan of conquering Upper Canada. He became a settler of Ray county, Missouri, a few years after it was organized. He was for many years a successful farmer, and stood high among his neighbors as a man of unswerving integrity, great firmness of purpose, and warmth of feeling in his attachment. He never married, but for many years lived in his pleasant home with his sister, Miss. Margery Thornton, and always had a warm welcome for his friends. After the death of his sister he lived in the family of General Alexander W. Doniphan for a number of years, in Richmond, Missouri. He died in 1872, aged 84 years.
CENSUS RECORDS: 1830-1840-1850-1860-1870 Richmond, Ray, Missouri, William and his sister Margery never married she kept house for him until the day she died.
CENSUS RECORDS: 1830 Richmond, Ray, Missouri (online index) page 381
THORNTON, William 2 males 20 to 30 (Who are they??? Is one of the males William Thornton TREADWAY??? If so who is the other???), 1 male 40 to 50 (William), 1 male 70 to 80 (Is this William Sr., William's father???) and 1 female 40 to 50 (Margery), 1 male slave 10 to 24 and 1 female slave 24 to 36
CENSUS RECORDS: 1850 Richmond, Ray, Missouri p.283, #977.819 X2ph, family #46/46
THORNTON, William age 61 (1787) born in Pennsylvania $3000.00 farmer
THORNTON, Margery age 68 (1782) born in Ireland
CENSUS RECORDS: 1860 Richmond, Ray, Missouri page 241
THORNTON, William age 72 (1788) born in Pennsylvania
THORNTON, Margery age 78 (1782) born in Ireland
TREADWAY, Henry C. age 16 (1844) born in Missouri
MILLER, Arllis age 17 (1843) born in Missouri (black slave)
CENSUS RECORDS: 1870 Richmond, Ray, Missouri page 567
DONIPHAN, Alexander age 61 (1809) born in Kentucky $6500.00 lawyer
DONIPHAN, Elizabeth age 49 (1821) born in Missouri $8000.00 keeps house
THORNTON, William age 82 (1788) born in Pennsylvania $20,000.00
MISSOURI PERSECUTIONS of the L. D. S. Church:Whereas William's brother Colonel John Thornton, seemed to help the Mormons when he could, William did the opposite. Wednesday 24 May 1836, Austin A. King and Adam Black renewed their inflammatory communications to the governor, as did other citzens of Richmond, viz., C.R. Morehead, William Thornton, and Jacob Gudgel, who scrupled at no falsehood or exaggeration, to raise the governor's anger against us. William also signed the petition for the extermanation of the Mormons in Missouri that was sent to Governor Lilburn Boggs. His name is one of the first on the petition.
HISTORY: Comprehensive History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, 1830 - 1930, B. H. Roberts Comprehensive History of the Church, Volume 1 Chapter 39 Retribution: Was It Meted Out To Missouri 6. "The legislature of Missouri, to cover their infamy, appropriated the munificent sum of $2,000 to help the suffering Mormons. Their agent took a few miserable traps, the sweepings of an old store for the balance of the patrimony he sent into Daviess county and killed our hogs, which we were then prevented from doing, and brought them to feed the poor Mormons as part of the legislative appropriation." (The Mormon Question, a Discussion between Schuyler Colfax, Vice-President of the United States, and President John Taylor, 1869, p. 19.) The History of Caldwell County, published by the National Historical Co. 1886, p. 143, makes the following statement upon the subject: "By an act of the legislature approved December 11, 1838, the sum of $2,000 was appropriated, for the purpose of relieving the indigent and suffering families in Caldwell and Daviess counties, and the following commissions were appointed to expend the sum and distribute `food, raiment, and other necessaries' among the deserving; Anderson Martin, Wm. Thornton and John C. Richardson of Ray county; Elisha Cameron, John Thornton and Eli Casey, of Clay; Henry McHenry, of Caldwell, and M. T. Green, of Daviess. It is asserted that not a dollar of the appropriation was expended for the benefit of the Mormons, although the act itself did not especially exclude them. The Gentiles were the sole beneficiaries."
PROBATE RECORDS of RAY COUNTY, MISSOURI: The Last Will and Testament of William THORNTON, who was born 25 Dec 1788, in Pennsylvania and died 19 Sep 1872, in Ray County, Missouri. He never married but left his estate to the children and their descendants of his brother John THORNTON and his sister Mary THORNTON TREADWAY. In the name of God Amen, I William Thornton of the county of Ray in the state of Missouri being weak in body but of sound and disposing do make this my last will & testament. Items 1st That all my just debts be first paid after my burial expenses & the expenses of my last sickness. Item 2nd That all my property real & personal and mixed or the proceeds of the same be equally divided between the children and legal descendants of my deceased brother John Thornton and the children and descendants of my sister Mary Treadway. That is that my brothers heirs & descendants have one half & the children & descendants of my sister the other half, being Margery Adams one half of the same & Henry C. Treadway and Elizabeth McDaniel the other half of my sisters share. (Margery was a daughter to Mary and Henry and Elizabeth were the grandchildren of Mary through her son William Thornton Treadway who was also deceased at the time of the making of this Will. Elizabeth Susan Treadway McDaniel was the 3rd great-grandmother of Vickie Beard Thompson.) Item 3rd I hereby will & direct that all the property real, personal mixed hereby conveyed to the children & descendants of my said sister shall rest & be legally under the control of my executors who may dispose of the same. Make deals therefore collect the personal estate and reinvest all the proceeds both of the real & personal estate in such a manner as they may think best for the advantages of the said children & descendants of my sister aforesaid & that said property is to remain entailed & strictly kept by my said executors. But the use or interest arising from the same to be for the benefit of said children & descendants of my said sister during their lives & then go to their children.
I hereby appoint A. W. Doniphan and R. J. Williams my executors of this my last will & testament & give them full & complete power to sell & dispose of all my estate real & personal at such time & on such terms as they may think proper and make all proper conveyances for the same. ----- to John Wannstaff the 50 dollars note on him & his wife. Given under my hand & seal this 10th day of September 1872. William (X) Thornton (made his mark) Subscribed by the said William Thornton and each of us subscribed our names in his presence & at his request. Willis Warsimer, John Wannstaff.
MARRIAGE RECORDS: Livingston County, Kentucky
She was married at her father's home in the presence of J. B. Perry, John Stokes and Robert Allison. They were married by L. King. Groom's name was also listed as M. C. Meacamp or William Neacamp. Brides surname spelled Allison, Alliston and Allstin.
He was in the under 5 age bracket in 1840.
He was 11 in 1850.
He was in the Confederate Army during the Civil War, and was killed around Nashville, Tennessee somewhere.
His wife before Susan had died on 13 Feb 1875.
He was 57 in 1880.
She was in the 10 to 15 age bracket in 1840.
She was 19 in 1850 and still did not have any children yet, even though she had been married for 5 years already.
Where are they in 1860???
She was 39 in 1870.
CENSUS RECORDS: 1880 Carrsville, Livingston, Kentucky family #88/89
CAIN, R. Griggs head, age 57, farmer, TN unk unk
CAIN, Susan wife, age 49, GA NC SC
CAIN, L. John son, age 15, AR TN TN
ALLISTON, Juliett step-dau, age 15, IL TN GA
ALLISTON, George step-son, age 15, IL TN GA
ALLISTON, Minnie step-dau, age 12, KY TN GA
CAIN, Frank son, age 9, KY TN TN