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The Golden Falcon

Chapter I/8 - Falcon

Cambrensis says of Iorwerth that Owen ap Gruffyth, prince of North Wales had many illegitimate sons but only one legitimate one named Iorwerth Drwyndwn (meaning Edward the flatnosed in Welsh) who had a son named Llywelyn.  During Cambrensis's journey (1188), when Llywelyn was only twelve years old, he began to molest his uncles, David and Roderic (Rhodri), sons of Owen by Christiana, his first cousin.  Although they had divided all North Wales (except Conan's land) amongst themselves and although David (married to king Henry II's sister by whom he had a son) was strongly supported by the English,the legitimate son, without lands or money, bravely expelled those born in incest from North Wales within a few years.

 

According to another source:

 

"Owen Gwynedd left behind him manie children gotten by diverse women which were not esteem'd by their mothers and birth, but by their prowess and valiantnesses.  By his first wife Gwladus, daughter of Llywarch ap Trahaern ap Caradoc, he had Orwerth Drwyndwyn, that is, Edward with the broken nose, for which defect he was deemed unfit to preside over the principality of North Wales and was deprived of his rightful inheritance which was seized by his brother David, who occupied it for the space of 24 years."

 

The Winters of Wych were also descended from Llywelyn ap Seisyllt through the family of de Braiose and the Princess Nesta ferch Twdwr (Tudor) through Alice Tirry and the fitzGeralds.

 

Fig. 6 - descent of the manor of Bramley, Surrey.

 

Boso III de la Rochfoucauld = Alianor de Thouars > Almeric/Aimery I de Chatelherault (c.1076-7.11.1151, bur. Abbey de Notre Dame de Noyers-sur-Cher) = 1109 Dangereuse “la Maubergeonne” said to have been d. of the seigneur of l'Isle-Bouchard.  She ran away with William VIII of Aquitaine >:

(a) Eleanor of Chatellerault (b. Chatellerault, Vienne March 1129/30) = Guillaume VIII/X

     of Aquitaine (d. 89.4.1137) > Eleanor of Aquitaine = (1) Louis VII of France = (2)

     Henry II Plantagenet of England

(b) Ralph/Raoul, younger son held Fay by right of his wife and a knight's fees in

     Bramley [Pipe Roll 1210/2] of the Honour of Dudley, Seneschal of Poitou, went to

     the Holy Land.  He was an enemy of Thomas a'Becket and was accused of incest

     with his own niece Eleanor and of turning Prince Henry against his father.  Henry II

     gave the manor of Bramley in the Blackheath Hundreds of Surrey to Ralph who was

     dispossessed during the war between the king and Prince Henry.  He = Elizabeth,

     dame de Faye-la Vineuse, Pèrigord > Ralph de Fay junior [Exerpta e. Rot. Fin. 1.25] =

     Beatrice, d. of Stephen de Turnham (Richard I’s Admiral).  Her second husband was

     Hugh de Plaiz.  King John regranted Bramley to him

     >:

      1. Philippa de Fay = William Neville

      2. Maud de Fay = Roger de Clere

      3. John de Fay (obsp 1241) held Bramley in 1223

 

Charlemagne’s younger son, Louis was crowned King of Aquitaine and the Pope appointed a council of nobles to govern in his name.  By 793, William of Orange, Count of Toulouse became their leader and after he was defeated by the Moors in Spain, he retired to the abbey of Gellone near Montpellier where he died.  He was canonised and his burial place was renamed St. Guillhelm-le-Desert.  When Charlemagne’s empire disintegrated, Aquitaine became a bone of contention between the Dukes of Poitiers and those of Toulouse.  By the middle of the 10th century Ebalus, Count of Poitou [a distant cousin of William of Orange] became duke.  His son William III “Towhead” married Adela of Normandy.  William retired to a monastery where he died in 963.  His William IV “Fierebras” [Strong Arm] married Emma, sister of Hugh Capet, king of the Franks.  He was a womaniser but later retired to a monastery in about 996, leaving Emma to rule in the name of their son William V the Great [d. 1030] who married Agnes of Burgundy.

 

William V was succeeded by his 3 sons by his former wives, William VI [reigned 1030-8], Eudes [1038-9] and William VII [1039-58].

 

William VII was succeeded by his half brother [by Agnes of Burgundy] Guy Geoffrey who took the name of William VIII [d. 1086].  He added Saintonge and Gascony to Aquitaine and won a victory over the Moors in Spain at Barbastro.  As his first 2 wives were barren, he married a third, Audéarde of Burgundy.  She was related to him within the forbidden degrees of consanguinity so their son William [born 1071] was not legitimised for a long time.

 

He was succeeded by William IX [Eleanor’s grandfather] and Aenor of Chatellerault.

 

Aenor of Chatellerault, Duchess of Aquitaine’s, father Aimery I of Rochefoucauld, Viscount of Chatellerault, was married to a lady called Dangerosa, later nicknamed La Maubergeonne after the tower in which she lived in the Castle of Poitiers.  She had been married to Aimery for 7 years and had 3 children - the eldest son and heir Hugh, Raoul or Ralph who took the surname de Faye from his property at Fay-la-Vineuse in Périgord and Aenor.

 

Eleanor’s father William IX, Duke of Aquitaine, fell madly in love with Dangerosa, kidnapped her and took her to his castle in Poitiers.  He had been married twice, first to Ermengarde, daughter of Fulk V if Anjou [she had no children so the marriage was annulled] and secondly to Philippa of Toulouse, widow of Sancho Ramirez, King of Aragon.  Philippa was heiress to Toulouse.  She was great niece to William the Conqueror and daughter of William IV, Count of Toulouse who died in the Holy Land and her uncle Raymond de St. Gilles usurped her claim.  Raymond went on the First Crusade in1096, renouncing his claim to his son Bernard.  William of Aquitaine then marched into Toulouse and laid claim to it.  His son by Philippa was named William the Toulousain after his birthplace.  The duke, his father, also went on Crusade but was soundly beaten by the Turks at Heraclea in Asia Minor.

 

Dangerosa arranged to marry off her daughter Aenor to William’s son by Phillipa, also named William [later William X, Duke of Aquitaine].  They were the parents of Eleanor of Aquitaine.

 

Eleanor’s uncle Raoul de Faye [who was very close to her] was Seneschal of Poitou and acted as her deputy when she was away from her Duchy and signed several documents and charters with her.  During the rebellion of her son, Henry against her father, Raoul encouraged lords of the south to rise in rebellion so Henry II razed the castle of Faye-la-Vineuse to the ground.

 

This means the Winters of Wych were descended twice from Aimery of Rochefoucauld, Viscount Chatellerault [through Ralph de Faye, Eleanor and King John] and also from William the Conqueror [through King John and through Eleanor, William’s great niece]. [“Eleanor of Aquitaine” - Alison Weir]

 

Dynus Porcellus or Purcell (d. 1187), Usher and Chief Marshal of Household to Henry II = Damietta > Ranulf le Broc (Ralph Purcell) his son (d.1204), = Damietta, Lady of Chetton, Endon and Berwick, Shropshire.  He was also involved in Becket's murder and held the manor of Frobury Kingsclere, Hampshire >:

(a) Geoffrey le Broc (obsp 3rd John)

(b) Juliana le Broc = Geoffrey de Lucy

(c) Edeline le Broc (d. 5th Henry III) = Stephen de Turnham (d. 1213) probably the same

     Stephen de Turnham who was Seneschal of Anjou to Henry III.  He held half a

     knight's fee of the Honour of Dudley in "Erdintone" (Artington), Surrey [Pipe Roll

       1210/12].  He may have descended from Stephen de Turnham, admiral to Richard I

     "Cœur de Lion" >:

      (1) Alice de Turnham = Adam de Bendings (Stephen de Bendings held 4th of a

           knight’s fee with others, of the Abbot of Chertsey at Beddington, Surrey in 1166)

     (2) Eleanor de Turnham = (1) Roger de Leybourn = (2) Ralph fitzBernard

     (3) Mabel de Turnham = Robert de Gatton of Monksey in 1233 (d. 1264) > Hamo de

          Gatton (d. 1292) > Hamo de Gatton (d. 1300) = Margery >:

          [a] Edmund de Gatton (obsp)

          [b] Elizabeth de Gatton = Robert (?)

     (4) Beatrice de Turnham = Ralph de Fay held Bromley in 1210-12 [Red Book of the

             Exchequer] >:

         A. Maud de Fay = (1) Roger de Clare > descendants were fitzWalters of Little

             Dunmow and Barnards Castle.  Maud = (2) William de Braiose > descendants

             were Winters of Wych.  Maud = (3) Rhys Grygg ap Rhys Griffith of

             Deheubarth

         B. Philippa de Fay = William Neville (25th Henry III) held Frobury Northwood &

             Kingsclere > Beatrice Neville = William de Wintershull or Wintershill (d. 1237)

             held Bramley & Frobury Kingsclere [Feet of Fees.Div. Co. Trinity Henry III].


Maud de Fay = William de Braiose >:

(1) John de Braiose = Margaret, d. of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth Fawr, Prince of Gwynedd by

     Joan Plantagenet, illegitimate d. of King John.  Her brother was Richard de Dovre &

     Warenne of Chilham Castle, Kent.  Their mother was Clementia, wife of Henry

      Pinel. (2) Agatha de Braiose = William de Ros > Alice de Ros = Richard Longespee

      (obsp)

 

King John had at least 7 bastards.  He had his daughter Joan, wife of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth, Prince of Wales, by Clementia, wife of Henry Pinel. [“Eleanor of Aquitaine” - Alison Weir].

 

William de Braiose = (1) Isabel, d. of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester. William de Braiose = (2) Agnes, d. of Nicholas de Moules.  William de  Braiose = (3) Mary, d. of William, Lord Ros de Findon, Sussex in 1290 who had goods seized by the Despencers.

 

by (1) Isabel de Clare > William de Braiose = Aliva, d. of Thomas de Moulton (d.1223) > Mowbrays and Howards, Dukes of Norfolk.

 

by (2) Agnes de Moules >: Giles, Lord of Buckingham (30 Edward I) = Maud, d. of Eustace de Whitney, Co. Hereford

 

By (3) Mary Ros >:

(a) Peter de Braiose (d. 1311) >:

     A. John de Braiose, Lord of Leigh = Elizabeth

     B. Peter de Braiose

     C. Thomas de Braiose >:

         a. Joan de Braiose obsp

         b. Beatrice de Braiose = William de Say (d. 49 Edward) >:

             1. Elizabeth de Say (d. 8.7. 23 Richard III) = (1) John Falsey = (2) William

                 Heron (obsp Henry IV)

             2. John de Say (obsp 6th Richard III)

         c. John de Braiose  = Elizabeth, d. of Edward Montagu.

     D. Thomas de Braiose = Margaret = (2) .... Berkeley (d. 1366) >:

         1. Thomas Berkeley

         2. Joan (d. 20 Richard III > heiress Elizabeth Heron.

 

By (3) Mary Ros > (b) Richard (obsp 24 Edward I)

 

By (3) Mary Ros > (c) William (d. 1305) =- Eleanor, daughter of Sir Robert de Bavent > John de Braiose, Lord of Westminston, Sussex = d. of Weston or Westminston >:

1. John de Braiose, an idiot (obsp 31 Edward IV 1474).

2. Margaret de Braiose, a nun at Havering.

3. George de Braiose, Lord of Leigh and Brokenham, heir of Elizabeth, wife of William

    Heron (d. 6th Henry V.  George = Elizabeth  (obsp. 12 Henry VI)

4. Agnes de Braiose = Urian de St Pierre or St. Peter > Isabel de St. Pierre = Sir Walter

    Cokesay or Cooksey of Kidderminster, Worcs.(buried there in 1410) > Sir Walter

    Cokesay = Maud Harcourt >:

    A. Hugh Cokesay = Alice, daughter of Thomas Neville, Lord Furnivall.  Hugh was

        heir of George de Braiose in 6 Henry V and died 24 Henry VI (15.12.1446).

       B. Joyce Cooksey = (1) Walter Beauchamp = (2) John Greville of Campden, Glos.

           John Greville of (d. .6.8.1480) of Campden & Charlton Regis, Glos. & Milcote,

           Warks. = Joan, d. of Williamscote > Sir Thomas Greville (obsp. 14th Henry VII

           1499) took the name of Cokesay of Milcote.  He was heir in 2 Henry VII =

           Elizabeth, d. of William, Lord Herbert, 1st Earl of Pembroke.  Joyce Cooksey =

          (3) Leonard Stapleton (d. 13 Edward IV).

       C. Cecily Cooksay = Thomas Cassy > Agnes Cassy = Walter de Huddington >

            Thomas de Huddington = Joan, daughter of Henry Throgryme or Thurgrin

             (probably connected to Richard Thurgrin, seneschal of Castlecombe) >:

             a. Agnes Huddington = William Russell, 2nd son of Sir John Russell of

                Strensham

             b. Joan Huddington = Roger Winter of Wych (Droitwich), Worcs.

 

The manor of Bramley, held for 4 knights services worth £24, also appears in 1210 escheated to the crown for the second time in Henry III's reign and had been granted to Ralph de Fay by the king.  John's co-heiresses were his 2 sisters, Maud de Clere (Clare) and Philippa, wife of William Nevill who got Bramley whose d. Beatrice Nevill = William Wintershill, lord of Wintershill in Bramley.

 

When Maud died in 1250 her moiety passed to her d. Alice de Clere and then to Alice's d. Agatha and her husband William Longespee.  Their d. Alice Longespee, wife of Richard Braiose, granted it to Maud Longespee in 1266.  In 1271 Richard and Alice de Braiose conveyed it to William Braiose and his wife Mary in exchange for Akenham, Suffolk.  Mary died in 1326 and her grandson Thomas died without heirs in 1396 when it descended to George Braiose, son of John, brother of Thomas de Braiose.  George died in 1418 and the Cokesays became heirs of Agnes, sister of George Braiose.  Hugh Cooksey died in 1445/6 when it passed to his widow Alice then to Hugh's sister Joyce Beauchamp from whom it passed to the Winters of Wych and Russells of Strensham.

 

He was involved in Thomas a'Becket's murder and was given the manor of Catteshulll in the Godalming Hundreds of Surrey by Henry I [Testa de Nevill Rec. Com. 223] which passed to Geoffrey, son of Dyvus Purcell, King's Usher, who held it free of toll [Add. Chartulary BM 19572] who gave it to Reading Abbey on becoming a monk there.  It was conferred by the Empress Maud and confirmed by King Stephen.  Ralph Purcell held 20 shillings worth of land in Windsor from the monks of Reading.  Henry II regranted it to Ralph (Ralph le Broc), son of Dyvus Purcell for service of King's Usher [Testa de Nevill 223/7] for keeping of linen and Usher of Laundress.  It passed through his daughter Edeline, wife of Stephen de Turnham to the family of Wintershill.

 

The Red Book of the Exchequer was a record of taxes paid between 1156 comprising the reigns of Henry II, King Richard (including his ransom), King John, King Henry III and Edward I and included the Norman fiefs of the Duke of Normandy, the abbey of Bayeux, the archbishoprics and those who served at the coronation of Henry II and Eleanor of Provence.

 

Robert de Turnham held Rockland or Rokeland in the Foxearle Hundred of Sussex (VCH), land in Kent (1166 & 1194-5) of the Carta of Walkelin de Mamignot and in York with William d'Aubigny in 1201-12) (Red Book of the Exchequer).

 

Stephen de Turnham "Turonensis" was pardoned 5s.4d. in Northamptonshire (1156), held land in Suffolk with Richard de Lucy in (1166), in Southampton (1212-17) "per sergentarium custodiendi hostium Regis" (for segeantry and custody of the king's troops), in Shropshire (1210-12), in Erdintone (Addington), Surrey (1212-17), Catteshull, Surrey "per servitium mappariae" (for service of linen) & viij librates; in Guildford, Surrey "per servitium mareskalsiae" (for service as marshal), (1201-12, 1211-12 & 1261-2) Custodia Maminot for 11 knights - which Robert de Turnham had held.  (Red Book of the Exchequer).

 

Robert de Turnham in Kent (1166 & 1194-5), in York with William d'Aubigny and in Kent of the Carta de Walkelin de Mamignot (1166) (Red Book of the Exchequer).

 

Robert de Gatton, king's knight (1212-7).

 

Mauricius de Bendings, Adam de Bendings, Bertram de Broc of the Abbey de Chertsey (1211-12).

 

Albanus de Gatesden in Wiltshire (1166).  William de Gatesden in Staffordshire & Listone (Lifton) in Devon (1212-7 & 1211-12).  Honour Reginald de Valle Torta (Turteville or Turville) in Devon - William de Gatesden "sergeantiae cum Agatha uxore sua Listone (Lifton) per unam libram licensi ad cappelum Regis" (1211-2 & 1212-17)

 

Ralph Purcell in Staffordshire (1166), in Essex & Hertfordshire (1212-7), "per serjeantarium in hospitio Regis" (for service in the king's hosts) (1210-12), in Oxfordshire of the Honour de St. Valery (1211-12)l

 

Robert de Broc in Southampton (1166) and with William Hotot, in Sussex (1166).

 

Ranulf de Broc of the Honour of Helium et Decanissa 1 militem (knight) in Langelay et Esse (Ashe) with Alan & Walter de Uptone of the Carta Galfridi in Shropshire (1166), for lands in Sussex (1166) "pro feodo dimidii militis Regi Hen. dedit de suo domino quod Comes attornavit ad servitium militare, scicilicet:(for half a fee of King Henry their lord which the earl assigned for knight service, i.e.) in Salop 1 muntatoris (knight), Honor of Helium (Robert de Helian) in Essex, "apud Piperherge" (Pepper Harrow, Surrey) Carta William Windsor in Buckinghamshire (1166) 1 militis.  Villa Southamptonia "in perdonis" (1156-6).

 

Lancing, in Sussex was held by William de Lancing who had 2 daughters, Alice married Malmayns and Bertha married Niel de Brok.  John de Braiose (d. 1232) was granted the mesne lordship of Malmeyn's manor after which it went to John de Gatesden, lord of Broadwater.  The other moiety passed to Ranulf le Broc who held 2 fees of Lancing of Bramber.  Niel de Brok (d. 1289) was lord in 1265/798 and his widow Christiana held it after him.  In 1291/96 it was held by Thurston le Broc and in 1299-1332 by his son Neil. (VCH).

 

Earnley or Ernele in the Hundred of Manhood, Sussex was given in 1166 to Luke de Earnley by his nephew William de Lancing. (VCH)

 

Aldwick in the Hundred of Manhood was held by Nicholas Malmeyn (d. 1291) and then by his son Nicholas (d. 1240) whose heiress was his daughter Beatrice, wife of Otto de Graunteston (Grandison), castellan of Caernarfon.  Arms "argent, on bend sable, 3 eagles or". (VCH)

 

Burleigh or Burley in the Broadwater Hundred of Hertfordshire was held in 1086 by Robert Gernons, then by Laurence de Brok (d. 1272) after which it pased to his son Hugh.  In 1303. to his son Laurence (d. 1330) was lord.  The manor passed to his widow Ellen and their son Ralph (1346) whose heirs were his 3 daughters, Joan (obsp), Ellen and Agnes.  Agnes had a daughter Joan and a grand daughter Katrine whose daughter was Cecily.  Thomas Vynter, who held it in 1428, was probably her husband.  Cecily's grand daughters were Joan Allington, Elizabeth Taillard and Margaret Langley (1468).  (VCH).

 

Simon le Broc in Wrangle and Leke (1210-12), Henry le Broc Staffs (1212-7) (Red Book).

 

"Pro rege de Custodia Terrarum" Galfridi de Lucy (Geoffrey de Lucy) - Gilbert de Clare petitions the king regarding lands "terrarum et haeredum Galfridi de Lucy nuper defuncti in manu Regis" (lands and inheritance of Geoffrey de Lucy lately deceased in the hands of the king) that Geoffrey de Lucy holds by military service which Ranulf de Broc held of the king in the manor of Catteshull, Surrey "per serjantiam custodiendi hostium Camerae regis" (by sergeantry and custody of the king's host) that Ranulf had 2 daughters Edelive and Juliana who were his co-heiresses "quae Galfridi de Lucy" (grandfather of the said Geoffrey) married Juliana de Broc "quae prius fuit uxor Petris de Stoke" (formerly wife of Peter de Stoke)  Geoffrey de Lucy, father of the said Geoffrey. (Red Book).

 

Richard de Lucy in Dorset (1167-8-), in Kent (1171-2), Ickleton in Cornwall (1166 & 1190-1), Carta Richard de Lucy fiefs in Kent (Newton), Suffolk & Norfolk (1166), Suffolk (1166), Ongar  Essex & Hertfordshire "quando (quod) comes Glos dedit illiam Richard de Lucy" (which the earl of Gloucester gave Richard de Lucy)  (1210-12), Richard "modo haeres de Ongar" (as the heirs of Ongar) in Ongar; in Le Passeis, Normandy (1211-2), Colchester in Essex, Hadfield Hundred of Ongar (1211-2) "per breve Regis" (by the king's brief), in Essex (1156-6), Bray, Berkshire (1156-6), Blokesham (Bloxham), Oxfordshire (1156-6), Colchester (1156-6).

 

Richard fitzWalter of his uncle Richard de Lucy, held of the Boulogne Honour.

 

Richard de Lucy Copeland in Cumberland and Geoffrey de Lucy "xxs ob de cornagio de 1 villa" (20 shillings of cornage (+) of 1 village), Richard de Lucy "xl. ijs.xd ob de cornagio de iiij villis in dominico et x in Lomaglia de baronia quae fuit Hugonis de Morville" (1210-12),

 

(+) cornage or horngeld was feudal service or rent fixed according to the number of horned cattle.

 

Geoffrey de Lucy holds all of Richard de Lucy's lands in Kent and Devon (1159-60), Richard in Essex. & Devon "sed Geoffrey de Luci habet" (which Geoffrey de Lucy holds) (1159-60).

 

Geoffrey de Lucy in Essex & Hertfordshire (1190-1), in Devon of the Carta of earl Reginald (1166), Honour of Ongar, Essex (1211-12), the Abbey of Burgh (1211-12), land in Buckinghamshire of the Gloucester Honour (1210-12) "de haereditate uxor suae" (the inheritance of his wife).

 

Beatrice de Lucy in the Honour of Ongar, Essex & Hertfordshire with Milo de Somery, ditto Geoffrey.

 

Robert de Lucy militis in 1211-12 of the Honour of Boulogne "quod Milo de Sumeri tenet de eo" (which Miles de Somery holds of him) in Dodenho (Elmdon), Lebes (Leebury) cum Crawalle (Crawleybury) in Essex.

 

Norfolk Carta William de Albini "Pincerna" (butler or steward) holds "Corbuchun" Picot de Bavent enfeoffed of him. (1166)

 

Norfolk (1166) Carta Hubert de Ria (Rye) - Robert de Bavent

 

Inquisition No.10, earl of Arundel's manor of Snetesham (Snettisham) in 1166 - Robert de Bavent held of the earl of Arundel in the March of Wales.  "Robertus de Bahavent dedit Comiti de Arundellis vj marcas in denarii et in equis quando custodivit markiam Wallis.  Rodbertus de Bahavent dedit unam marcam ad passam Ricardo clerico Comitis ad filiam Regis dandam.  Postquam comes rediit de Saxonia dedit Rodbertus de Badvent xxs Comiti per breve Regis de transmare, sicut pares ejus facerunt".  (Robert de Bavent gave 6 marks in pennies and in horses to the earl of Arundel for custody of March of Wales.  Robert de Bavent gave 1 mark, to Richard, the earl's clerk to give the king's daughter.  When the earl returned from Saxony Robert de Bavent gave 10 shillings by the king's instructions to cross the seas).

 

Private letters exist (1302-5) from Edward I to Robert de Bavent about his falcons (publ. Bulletin of John Rylands Libr. xxxiii 487 ff. F.J. Tanqueray).

 

Walter de Bavent Marum (Mareham) "per serjanteriam falconariae" (by sergeantry as a falconer) (1212-7 & 1210-12) in Mareham "per falconariam" (as a falconer) - (Red Book).

Lincs. Richard de Basvent (1211-12)

 

Adam de Bavent in Kent 1 qtr of a knight's fee, ditto in Little Broc, ditto 30 parts knights of Bishopric of Rochester.

 

Roger de Bavent 1261-2 "constabularii super Wardem Doveriae" (as constable of Dover), Baronia de Mamenot, Kent.

 

Richard Bavent (1160) - Horncastle in Lincolnshire with Geoffrey de Neville.

 

Heene Bavent, Brightford Hundred of Sussex was held by Adam de Bavent (d.1292) after which it passed to Roger de Bavent who held it from 1304-33 and took the rights of wrecks illegally.  In 1357 it was granted by the crown to Peter de Braiose, John de Braiose (d. 1426) held it after him.  Brews Barn or Erringham Brewes was held in 1283 by Adam de Bavent.

 

Inquisition postmortem 20 Richard II - Ricardus Thurgryn - "nulla tenuit terras feu tenementa in comitatu" (no lands or tenements in the County of Worcester).

 

Urian St. Pierre (1293) = Margaret, widow of Ralph Bassett of Sapecote, held half a knight's fee in Hunningham, Wark. > John St. Pierre = Isabel, d. of William Trussell > Urian St. Pierre = Agnes de Braiose, held manors of Lea, near Gainsborough, Lincolnshire & Bramley, Surrey > Isabel St. Pierre (1353) = Walter Cooksey (bur.1410) son of Hugh Cooksey >:

A. Hugh Cooksey (obsp).

B. Joyce Cooksey = (1) Walter Beauchamp = (2) John Greville of Chipping Campden,

    Glos. = (3) Leonard Stapleton (d. 13 Edw IV).

C. Cecily/Elizabeth Cooksey = Thomas Cassy > Winters & Russells.

 

Drayton, Box & Stockbridge Hundred of Sussex - half a fee was assigned to Roger de Somery and Nichola (d'Aubigny).  In 1360/98 it was held of the heirs of John de Somery in 1242-44 by John l'Estrange.  Hamon l'Estrange granted it to Urian de St. Pierre who married Margaret, widow of Ralph Bassett of Sapecote.

 

"Hec est finalis concordia facta in Curia domini Regis apud Ebor' a die Sancto Trinitatis im quindeciim die Anno Regni Regius Edwardi fillij Regis Henrici vicesimo sexto Coram etc.  Inter Radulfum Basset di Sapecote et Margaretam uxorem euis petentes et Galfridum de Pycheford et Aliciam uxorem eius tenentes de tercias parta maneriij de Drayton eum pertinenciis quam clamant in dotem ipsius Margarete ex dotacione Urian de Sancto Petro primi viri sui etc" (Pedes Finium, Sussex, case 235, file 36, No.32).

 

There is finally agreement in the King's Council at York on the Feast of the Holy Trinity 15 Edward, in the 26 Coram Regis between Ralph Basset of Sapecote and his wife Margaret petitioners and Geoffrey of Pycheford and Alice his wife, tenants, of the third part of the manor of Drayton belonging to them, which is claimed as her dowry by Margaret, being a gift of Urian St. Pierre, her first husband.  (Feet of Fees, Sussex, case 235, file 36, No.32).

 

Inquisition post mortem No. 101, 23 Edw. I: "Margareta uxor Radulphi Basset et quondam uxor Uriani de Sancto Petro.  Breve de seisina manerii de La Hide unde eadem Margareta feoffata fuit per tres annos antequam eidem Uriano fuit desponsata".  (Margaret, former wife of Ralph Basset and then of Urian St. Pierre took seisin of the manor of La Hide of which Margaret was enfeoffed for 3 years before she married Urian).

 

Inquisition postmortem No. 56 23 Edw I: "Urianus de Sancto Petro: Dictus Urianus ratione Margaretae quae fuit uxor ejusdem Uriani adjuc superstitis una, cum dicta Margareta tenuit manerium de La Hide die quo idem Urianus obiit de quo manerio Rogerus nunc Coventr' et Lichfield' Episcopus praefatum Margaretam per tres annos et amplius prius quam dicti Uriano fuit desponsata feoffavit, tenendo sibi et haeredibus ipsius Margaretae (Stafford)  Urianus filius Johannis filii praedicti Uriani de Sancto Petro est propinquior haeres dicti Uriani et esta aetatis sexdecim annorum (Derby).  Dicunt (juratores) quod Urianus de Sancto Petro die quo obit tenuit de domino Rege in capite unam caracutam terrae in dominico in Malopassu et quartam partem advocationis ecclesiae ejusdem villia die proparte quartae partis cujusdem Idoneae quondam uxoris suae fillaie et unius haeredum David de Malopassu ipsam Idoneam contingentis et postmortem cujus Idoneae idem Urianus usque ad die obitus tenuit per legem Angliae ratione propartis ipsius Idoneae quartam partem baroniea preaedicte. Quondam Urianus filius Johannis filli .. haeredis Idoneae suprascriptae est haeres propinquior ipsius Uriani et est aetatis sexdecim annorum ---. torum in festi Sancti Dunstani u--- ". (Cestr').

 

Inquisition post mortem No. 56, 1295 - Urian de St. Pierre.  Margaret, wife of Urian, surviving him, held the manor of La Hide on the day Urian died, which manor Roger, bishop of Coventry & Lichfield Margaret's guardian, held for 3 years.  Urian was enfeoffed when he married, of the manor inherited by Margaret.  (Stafford).

 

Inquisition post mortem No. 101, 23 Edw I - Margaret wife of Ralph Basset and formerly wife of Urian St. Pierre: took seisin of the manor of La Hide of which she was enfeoffed for 3 years before she married Urian.

 

Urian, son of John (son of the said Urian St. Pierre) is the next heir of the said Urian and is aged 16 years.  (Derby)

 

The jurors say that Urian St. Pierre on the day he died, held of the lord king in chief, a caracute of land in the lordship of Malpas and a quarter part of the advowson of the church in this ville which Idonea his former wife, daughter and one of the heiresses of David de Malpas, held and passed after her death to Urian who held, in accordance with English law, on the day he died, a quarter part of the said barony.  Urian, son of John, (son of ...,  heir of the above Idonea), is the next heir of Urian and was aged 16 years at the Feast of St. Dunstan (Chester).

 

West Hendre, East Ginge, Wantage Hundred, Berkshire was held by Urian de St. Pierre in 1236.

 

Hunningham, Knightlow Hundred, Warwickshire: half a knight's fee was held in 1293 by Urian St. Pierre of John de Hastings.  John St. Pierre married Isabel, d. of William Trussell.  Urian's grand d. & heiress Isabel (1353) married Walter, son of Hugh Cokesay.  In 1382 Hunningham passed to Hugh's widow Denise (nee Botiller or Butler).  Walter's son Hugh de Cokesay died without heirs in 1445 when the manor was held by his widow Alice (nee Neville) who died in 1460 after which it passed to Hugh's sister Joyce Beauchamp in 1473.  Her son John Greville (d. 6.8.1480) of Milcote, Warks., Chipping Campden & Charlton Regis, Glos. = Joan, d. of Williamscote whose heir in Henry VI was his son Sir Thomas Greville or Cokesey (obsp. 1499 14 Henry VII) = Elizabeth d. of Lord Herbert, 1st earl of Pembroke.  His heir was Cecily, d. of Walter Cokesey (son of Isabel St. Pierre).  It passed to her heirs Robert Russell and Robert Winter in 1500.

 

Willey manor, Knightlow Hundred, Warks: Edmund le Botiller held it after which it passed to his 4 sisters (1) Joan or Elizabeth married John Strange of Blakemere (2) Alice married Nicholas Langford > her grandson inherited (3) Ida married William Trussell of Odiham > their d. Ida married Fulk Penebrugge (4) Denise married Hugh Cooksey > their son Walter was heir.

 

The Strange's share passed to Ankaretta, aunt of Elizabeth (wife of John Strange).  Ankaretta's (d.1413) heir was Gilbert Talbot (c. 1422).  His widow Beatrice held it after which it passed to Ankaretta Talbot her d. whose heir was Sir John Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury.  Hugh Cokesey died possessed of 2 quarters (he obtained the Penebrugge quarter in 1371) 1445.  His widow married secondly Sir Andrew Ogard.  It then passed to Joyce Beauchamp (nee Cookesay) who died in 1473 when it passed ot her son John Greville then to Thomas Greville his son who took the name of Cokesay (d. 1500) then to Robert Russell and Robert Winter, heirs of Joyce's sister Cecily.

 

Inquisition postmortem No. 49, 37-8 Henry VI - Alesia, widow of Hugh Cokesey, knight, wife of Andrew Ogard - held Buckenham castle, Old Buckenham, New Buckenham, Tybenham manor, Buckenham Lathys, Gryihaght, 2 parts of the manor in the village of Wymondham in Norfolk, Hunningham & Willey, in Warks.,Weaverthorpe in York, Eyton in Dovedale, Walton on Trent (12 messuages, 2 cottages 16 virgates of land in Derby, Bromley, Little Bookham in Surrey, Cheeseworth, Sedgewick Bidlington in Sussex, Cokesay, Willey, Caldwell, Timberhongle, Goldcote, Upthorpe and Almerston, in Droitwich lead boileries for brine in Worcs. Lee manor in Lincoln.

 

No. 43, 4-5 Henry VI - Walter de Cokesay son and heir of Walter Cokesay, knight held in Kidderminster a messuage called Parthes, Kidderminster manor, Worcs.

 

No. 36, 254 Henry VI - Hugh Cokesay, knight held Weaverthorpe, in York, Hunningham, Willey in Warwick, Eyton in Dovedale, Walton on Trent 12 messuages, 2 cottages, 16 virgates of land, in Derby, Lee in Lincoln, Little Bookham, Bramley in Surrey, Cheeseworth, Sedgewick called Sedgewick Bilington in Sussex, Cokesay, Willey, Caldwell, Timberhongle, Goldicote, Upthorp, in Droitwich 21 boileries for brine in Worcs.

 

Weston Butlers, Weston Turville, Aylesbury Hundred, Buckinghamshire was held by the Butlers (arms: "gules, a fess chequey argent & sable between 6 cross crosslets or").  Roger Croft and Cecilia heiress of William de Turville held this manor which was inherited by Hugh Herdeburgh in 1254 then by Roger (d. before 1296).  He had 2 daughters Ela & Isabel wives of William le Botiller of Wem and John de Hulls.  Weston Butlers passed to Ela, widow of Walter de Hopton then to Edmund Botiller or Butler (1346) then to his brother Edward Botiller, both of whom died without heirs so it was divided between their 4 sisters.  Dionisia, the eldest d.r married Hugh de Cokesey (49 Edward III).  It then passed to his son Walter Cokesay (1383) and his son Walter Cokesey (d. 1407), then to Hugh Cokesay his son who was aged 3 when his father died.  Hugh died without heir and his heiress was his sister Joyce, wife of Greville of Chipping Campden, Glos. then to his son John Greville (d. 1467) and his son Thomas who took the name of Cokesey (d. 1498/9).  He was succeeded by his cousins Elizabeth and Margery, (Joan & Agnes?) daughters of Thomas Huddington who were descendants of Cecily, sister of Joyce Cooksey.  In 1500 Elizabeth (Agnes) wife of Robert Russell and Margery (Joan) wife of Robert Winter sold it to Sir Reginald Bray.

 

Inquisition postmortem No. 52, 1 Henry V - Ankaretta, wife of Richard Talbot of Goodrich Castle held Weston Turville, Buckinghamshire, land and manors in Berkshire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire, Gloucestershire, the March of Wales, Herefordshire, Shropshire including Lydney & Leigh manors in Gloucestershire.

 

Inq. pm No. 1, 1 Henry V - Richard Talbot held "Wadele", Bucks.

 

No. 68, 7 Henry V - Gilbert Talbot held land in Oxfordshire, Berkshire, Herefordshire, Gloucestershire, Bedfordshire, & Buckinghamshire including, Lydney & Leigh, Glos & Weston Turville, Bucks called Botelers manor.

 

No. 44, 9 Henry V - Ankaretta, d/h of Gilbert Talbot held manors in Oxfordshire, Berkshire, London, Buckinghamshire, Warwickshire, Gloucestershire, Herefordshire, Shropshire and Wiltshire including Weston Turville called Botelers.

 

No. 30, 12 Henry VI - Margaret, wife of Gilbert Talbot held Wydele & Wyckingham in Berkshire.

 

25 Henry VI - Beatrice, wife of Gilbert Talbot held land in Wiltshire,Oxfordshire & Berkshire.

3 Henry IV - Ankaretta, wife of Thomas Neville, previously wife of Richard Talbot - manors in Wiltshire.

 

William de Braiose held the Honour of Barnstaple, Devon - Wm de Braoise (1156, 1186, 1199-1200 & 1201-12), land in Staffordshire (1196-7 & 1196-7), Colindeene, Surrey (1156-6), Hereford (1196-7) by scutage of John of Monmouth, Sussex (1186, 1190-1, 1196-7, Buckinghamshire & Bedfordshire (1194-5, 1201-12), Warwickshire & Leicestershire (1201-12), Wiltshire (1201-12) infeudated of Adam de Port, Gloucestershire (1201-12), Southampton (1166) with Philip de Braiose, in Abberton of the Archbishop of Canterbury (1212-7), 3 knights fees in Breos and 1 knights fee in Couvert.

 

Bidlington in Sussex, held by William Braiose in 1073, was inherited by his son William who died in 1290) when it reverted to his younger sons Richard and Peter.  His eldest son William died in 1326 when the manor passed to Thomas, son of Peter.  Thomas died in 1321 after which it was held by his widow Beatrice and his son Thomas who died without heirs.  In 1412 it was held by John de Braiose of Wiston and in 1418 by Giles de Braiose whose great grand nephew Sir Hugh Cokesey (d. 1445) and wife Alice (d. 1460) held it after which it passed to Hugh's sister Joyce Beauchamp (d. 1473).  It then reverted to the Howards.

 

Joyce Cokesay = Walter Beauchamp = (2) John Stapleton = (3) John Greville.

 

Wiston and Buddington were held by William de Braiose in 1086.  Wiston reverted in 1272 to Adam de Bavent.

 

William de Braiose of Falaise was at the Conquest in 1066 and was given Bramber in Sussex.  Soon afterwards Phillip de Braiose was sentenced to exile with William Malet and William Bainard of Baynard's Castle, London for some unknown reason.

 

The family of Malet was Flemish and William Malet bore the arms "gules, 3 buckles or" (Boulogne), "argent 3 buckles sable" (Alost) and "azure, scallops or" (Hesdin).  William I of Malet married Hesilia Crispin whose grandmother was Heloise, daughter of the count of Guisnes.  His grandson William was granted Flemish estates by Baldwin VII of Flanders in 1111.

 

William Malet the younger was son of William Malet, sheriff of York who fought at Hastings, was on the King's inner Council from 1067-71.  Malet the elder and Gilbert of Ghent (Gand) were defeated by a joint army of Englishmen and Danes on 21.9.1069 at York and Malet was taken away as a prisoner in chains to a Danish ship.  William Malet the elder had 3 sons, Robert, William and Gilbert who supported Robert Curthose of Normandy against his brother Henry I and were banished from England and Normandy after the battle of Tinchebrai in 1106.  They fled to Flanders where Baldwin VII gave them the charter lands of Erneghem, Ichteghem, Couckelaere and Bovekerke on the border with Guisnes in about 1111.  Robert Malet remained in Flanders, Gilbert Malet's heirs returned their allegiance to Henry II and received some of their English lands, William Malet returned to Graville.

 

The Malet arms "or, 3 fermails (buckles) gules" were borne by the Scots family of Stirling with a change of tinctures as "argent, on a bend sable, 3 buckles of the field" and by the family of Cassy of Worcester (ancestors of the Winters of Wych) as "argent, on a bend gules, 3 buckles or".

Baynard was a companion of William I at the Conquest and died during the reign of William II "Rufus".  He built Baynard's Castle in London on the banks of the Thames near Paul's Wharf and Blackfriars which his son Geoffrey Baynard inherited but Geoffrey's son William Baynard forfeited both Baynard's Castle and Little Dunmow, Essex for felony.

 

According to John Stow in his "Survey of London" both the castle and manor were given to Robert, son of Richard fitzGilbert de Clare.  Robert's descendants, the fitzWalters, were banner bearers of London.  Robert married Maud de St. Lis whose second husband was William d'Aubigny, Earl of Arundel (ancestors of the Winters of Wych) or alternatively he married her daughter Maud de Clare who took her mother's surname of St. Lis.  Robert was buried at St. Needs.  His son Walter de Clare (d. 1198 buried at Dunmow) married Matilda de Fay of Bookham, Surrey (ancestress of the Winters of Wych) and secondly Matilda, daughter and coheiress of Richard de Lucy or alternatively Matilda de Lucy was his first wife as Matilda de Fay of Bookham married 3 times - to William de Braiose and Rhys Grigg ap Rhys Griffith.  Walter's son Robert fitzWalter (d.1234) had a daughter Matilda "the Fair" whom King John desired and poisoned her when she refused his advances which allegedly set off the barons war in 1213.  His son Robert fitzWalter inherited the barony of Baynard in 1258 and in 1289 married as his second wife, Eleanor, daughter and coheiress of Earl Ferrars.

 

Philip de Braiose was subsequently granted Limerick in 1177 by King John but it captured by the Irish.  In 1201 the king revived the grant for Philip's nephew, William de Braiose, whose son-in-law Walter de Lacy eventually received it on marriage to William's daughter Maud or Matilda.  Philip's kinsman, Giles de Braiose, Bishop of Hereford was Llywelyn's ally and helped to capture Shrewsbury in middle of May 1215.

 

Fig. 7 - Lordship of Brecon

 

William de Braiose (d. 1211), Lord of Bramber, Sussex; Barnstaple, Devon; Gower, Glamorgan; Limerick, Ireland and Falaise, Normandy,= Matilda de St. Valery.  He was witness to murder of Arthur Plantagenet of Brittany at Rouen.  William held Hay-on-Wye and Maud's or Pain's Castle both in Herefordshire (belonging to Payne fitzJohn), called Castrum Matildis after his wife who was maid-in-waiting to Eleanor of Aquitaine.  William de Braiose assassinated Trahaern, cousin of Gwenwynwyn, Prince of Powys in the reign of King John.  His wife and son or more probably grandson (who died) were imprisoned by the king >:

(a) Maud de Braiose = Walter de Lacy, Lord of Meath > Matilda de Lacy = Geoffrey

     de Geneville or Joinville

(b) William de Braiose junior (d.1219) = Maud de Fay (d.1250), widow of Roger de

     Clare of Dunmow, Essex and Baynard's Castle, London >:

     1. William de Braiose held Gower & Bamber

     2. Agatha de Braiose = William de Ros > Alice de Ros = Richard Longespee

        (obsp)

     3. John de Braiose (d. 1232), Lord of Bamber & Gower > William de Braiose =

         (1) Isabel, d. of Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.  William de Braiose = (2)

         Agnes, d. of Nicholas de Moules.  William de Braiose = (3) Mary, d. of William,

         Lord Ros (d. Findon, Sussex 1290)

 (c) Reginald de Braiose (d. 1222), lord of Abergavenny & Builth = (1) Graeca, d. of

      William Brewer.  Reginald = (2) Gwladus Ddu, d. of Llywelyn ap Iorwerth.  She = (2)

      Ralph Mortimer > William de Broaise = Eva, d. & co.h. of William Marshall.  She

      was given Leix, Ireland in 1247 >:

      A. d. = Bohun of Brecon

      B. d. = Mortimer of Radnor & Weobley

      C. d. = Cantilupe of Abergavenny

      D. Isabella de Braiose = David ap Iorwerth Fawr.

 

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