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Census

 

Free Census Project and Cornwall Online Census Project

The objective of the Free Census project is to transcribe all UK 19th century census returns (from 1841 to 1891) in order to create an online “free-to-view”, searchable database.

 

The Cornwall Online Census Project, now completed, is part of Free Census and was run by Kay Hinnrichsen who lives in Australia and Michael McCormick who lives in Cornwall.  It was part of an initiative aimed at helping to make high quality primary (or near-primary) records of relevance to UK genealogy conveniently and freely available online.

 

1801 Census - Taken in June 1801

A summary of this census of Phillack, is included in the Phillack Parish Register of Baptisms for June 1801.  No information on any individual was recorded.
    No. of Houses                            272

   

    No. of Males                              702

    No. of Females                           773

    Total Population                        1473

 

1811 Census - Taken in June 1811
A summary of this census of Phillack, is included in the Phillack Parish Register of Baptisms for June 1811.  No information on any individual was recorded.
    Inhabited Houses                                                        369

    Houses in Building                                                         16


    Families                                                                      403
    Families employed in agriculture                                       27
    Families employed in trade, manufacture & handicraft        356
    Families not comprized in the two preceding classes            20

   

    No. of Males                                                               1038

    No. of Females                                                            1081

    Total Population                                                          2119    Increase since 1801    644

 

1821 Census - Taken on 26th May 1821

A summary of this census of Phillack, is included in the Phillack Parish Register of Baptisms (page 86).  No information on any individual was recorded.
    No. of Inhabited Houses          463

    No. of Uninhabited Houses        25

    No. of Houses in Building            1

 

    No. of Males                         1225

    No. of Females                      1317

    Total Population                    2542        Increase from 1811    423

 

    No. of Families                       517             

 

1841 Census – Taken on 7th June 1841.

A summary of this census of Phillack was published in the "West Briton" newspaper edition of 3 Sep 1841.

    No. of Males                        2002

    No. of Females                    2053

    Total Population                  4055        Increase from 1831    1002

  

This was the first census of value to family historians as it recorded the names of each person at the address at which he or she spent the night of the census although relationships between them were not recorded.  No place of birth was recorded although an indication 'Y' or 'N' was given as to whether they were born in the county.  For those aged 14 or younger the exact age was normally recorded, but the ages of those aged 15 or greater were generally (but not always) rounded down to the nearest 5 years below - so someone who stated he was 19 should have been recorded as 15.

 

The 1841 census for Cornwall has been transcribed and is available online.  For Phillack (and Hayle), the census is on pieces RG107/143, ED1-2 and ED3-4.

 

Parts of Hayle, primarily Trelissick and Hayle Foundry, were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth and are on piece RG107/144, ED1.

 

1851 Census – Taken on 30th March 1851.

As recorded in the Phillack Parish Register of Baptisms, the population of Phillack at this census was:
    No. of Males                          2314

    No. of Females                      2462

    Total Population                    4776        Increase from 1841    896

 

    No. of tenements inhabited      896

 

In this, and subsequent census, the relationship of the head of the house to each other person at the address was recorded.  The age and place of birth of each person at the address, as given to the Enumerator, was also recorded.

 

The 1851 census for Phillack (and Hayle) has been transcribed and is available online.  The census is on pieces HO107/1916, ED3a-3b and ED3c-3d.

 

Parts of Hayle, primarily Hayle Foundry, Lear and Trelissick, were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth and are on piece HO107/1917, ED1a-1e.    

 

1861 Census – Taken on 7th April 1861

The 1861 census for Phillack (and Hayle) has been transcribed and is available online.  The census is on pieces RG9/1586, ED1-2, ED3 and ED4.

 

Parts of Hayle, primarily Hayle Foundry and Trelissisk were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth and are available online.  These are on pieces RG9/1587, ED8 and RG9/1588, ED9-12.

 

1871 Census – Taken on 2nd April 1871

The 1871 census for Phillack (and Hayle) has been transcribed and is available online.  The census is on pieces RG10/2327, ED1-3 and piece RG10/2328, ED4-6.


Those parts of Hayle that were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth are available online and are included on piece RG10-2331, ED6-9.

 

A transcription of this census is also available online at MyTrees.com.  Be aware that surnames entered must match EXACTLY to that recorded on the MyTrees database and searching can sometimes be quite frustrating. Wildcards cannot be used and soundex type searching is not available. Given names are frequently abbreviated.

 

1881 Census – Taken 3rd April 1881

All of the 1881 census for Cornwall have been transcribed and is available online.  The census for Phillack (and Hayle) is on pieces RG11/2337, ED1-3, RG11/2337, ED4 and RG11/2338, ED5 is available online.

 

Those parts of Hayle that were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth are available online and are included on piece RG11/2339, ED5-8 .

  

A transcription of this census by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (“LDS”) are also available online at their Family Search Website or on CDs that may be purchased from a LDS store.

 

1891 Census – Taken 5th April 1891

The 1891 census for Cornwall has been transcribed and is available online. For Phillack (and Hayle), the census is on pieces RG12/1852 ED1-2, ED3 and ED4-5.

 

Parts of Hayle, primarily Hayle Foundry, were enumerated within the civil parish of St Erth are also available online and are on piece RG12/1853, ED8.

 

1901 Census – Taken 31st March 1901

Details of this census are available at the National Archives website.  Searching the indexes is free but there are charges for viewing full transcription details of a household or viewing the image of the original enumerator’s document.

 

1911 Census – Taken 2nd April 1911

Details of this census are available at the 1911census website.  Searching the indexes is free but there are charges for viewing full transcript details of a household or viewing the image of the original household head’s document

 

Census Strays - Strays are those born in Phillack or Hayle and found elsewhere in a census or other record.  Lists of ‘strays’ found in census records will be progressively created as information on them comes to hand.

 

Subscription Services - By arrangement with the UK’s National Archives, indexes and images of the 1841, 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901 and 1911census for England and Wales are available on a subscription basis from either the Ancestry.co.uk website or the findmypast.co.uk website.  Access to these services is often frequently available through local libraries and family history societies.

 

 

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