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Recorded as Newhouse, Newhus, Newus, Newis and Newiss, this is an English and sometimes Scottish, surname. It is either locational from any of the four places called "Newhouse" in the counties of Devonshire, Herefordshire, Kent, or possibly Lanarkshire in Scotland, or from one of the many places called New House in Cumbria, Durham, Dorset, Wiltshire, and Yorkshire, as well as the two villages called Newhouses in Yorkshire and Durham.
Whilst the literal meaning is the New House, the reference may well originally have been either to a house which had replaced a former dwelling, or it may not literally have meant a house, but a settlement. Another suggestion is that it referred to a substantial building, one made of stone, rather than the wattle and lathe which sufficed for most "houses". Locational names of this type were often "from" names. That is to say names given to people as easy identification after they left their original homes and moved elsewhere. Local accents being very thick, and spelling at best erratic, lead to the development of "sounds like" spellings such as Newis and Newiss. Early examples of the surname recordings include Ralph de Niwehus in the Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire in 1176, William atte Newhous in the Subsidy Rolls of Cambridge in 1327, and John Newiss, in the Friary Rolls of Yorkshire in 1672.

The ancestors of the Neuhuse family brought the name to England in the wave of migration after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name Neuhuse is topographical in nature and is of obvious derivation, indicating that its original bearer lived in a such a house as is described. Some cases of the name are taken from any of several small localities which are so named because they held a new house.

Spelling variations of this family name include: Neuhouse, Newhouse, Neuhuse and others.

First found in Yorkshire, where they were seated from early times as Lords of the manor of Neuhuse. This small collection of houses near Gisburn was held by William Percy at the time of the taking of the Domesday Book survey in the year 1086 A.D.

Some of the first settlers of this family name or some of its variants were: John Newhouse who settled in Virginia in 1640; Hannah Newhouse settled in New Jersey in 1773; John Newhouse landed in Philadelphia Pa. in 1748; M. Newhouse and Miss Newhouse settled in San Francisco Cal. in 1852.


This interesting surname is of English locational origin from any of the several places thus called, for example, in Lancashire, Lincolnshire, the North Riding of Yorkshire, and the East Riding of Yorkshire, recorded respectively in the Domesday Book of 1086 as "Neuhuse", "Neuhuse", "Newehusum" and "Neuhuse". The placename derives from a contracted form of the Olde English pre 7th Century "neowan husum" meaning "(at the) new houses". During the Middle Ages when migration for the purpose of job-seeking was becoming more common, people often took their former village name as a means of identification, thus resulting in a wide dispersal of the name. The surname is first recorded in the late 12th Century (see below). One Robert de Neusom is noted in the Court Rolls of the Manor of Wakefield, Yorkshire (1275). In the modern idiom the surname has many variant spellings ranging from Newsam, Newsom, Newsome and Newsum to Newsholme. On July 2nd 1628, Margaret, daughter of Thomas and Anne Newsham, was christened at the Church of St. Bartholomew the Less, London. A Coat of Arms granted to the family is blue, on a silver fess three red crosses crosslet, the Crest being a gold boar's head erased, charged on the cheek with a red crosslet. The first recorded spelling of the family name is shown to be that of Robert de Neusum, which was dated 1195, in the "Pipe Rolls of Yorkshire", during the reign of King Richard 1st, known as "Richard the Lionheart", 1189 - 1199. Surnames became necessary when governments introduced personal taxation. In England this was known as Poll Tax. Throughout the centuries, surnames in every country have continued to "develop" often leading to astonishing variants of the original spelling.
Taken from
New House (W) : Great Mitton
New House (W) : Halifax
New House (W) : Slaidburn
New Houses (N) : Aysgarth
New Houses (W) : Horton in
New Houses (W) : Kirkby Malzeard
New Houses (W) : Rochdale
(N) : Romaldkirk

Newhouse Horton in Ribblesdale
Before coming to Keighley  the Newiss family lived in Boston Spa and Scarborough. In 1820 the population of Scarborough 8000 inhabitants.
13 August 1853, Scarborough is hit by a great flood which destroys many buildings includung St Mary's church yard 
The history of Scarborough
RICHMOND in Bulmer's Directory of 1890
Tailors and Clothiers.
  • Bainbridge & Co., Market place
  • Benson Newis, Frenchgate
  • Charlesworth Geo., Rosemary lane
  • Gibson John, Market place
  • Lightfoot John, Bargate
  • Sanderson F. H., Newbiggin
  • Siddall John L., Station road
  • Swainston Henry, Castle hill
  • Westwick Jph., Rosemary lane
  • Winn J., Newbiggin
1891 census in Birtwith
Address Surname Relation Status
Age Occupation Birthplace Folio
  NEWIS Mary Ann Serv S 39 General Servant Domestic Somerset 33

Paver's Marriage Licenses for the year 1595 and 1596
Date Surname Christian name Comment Surname Christian name Comment Where to be married
1595 Newhouse Thomas of Settle Oddy Margaret of Gisburn. Giggleswick.

CENSUS of 1881 for the Parish of Kirkby Malham
Surname Forenames Status Age Sex Dwelling Township Birth Place BCounty Relationship Occupation
NEWHOUSE John U 57 M   Malham Moor Clapham Parish YKS Uncle Farm Servant (Indoor)
NEWHOUSE Edward M 53 M   Kirkby Malham   YKS Head Farmer Of 80 Acres
NEWHOUSE Alice M 48 F   Kirkby Malham   YKS Wife
NEWHOUSE Thomas M 35 M   Malham Moor Clapham Parish YKS Head Farmer Of 300 Acres
NEWHOUSE Betsy M 28 F   Malham Moor Thornton YKS Wife Farmers Wife
NEWHOUSE William U 23 M New Close Kirkby Malham Hafton   Serv Farm Servant (Indoor)
NEWHOUSE John U 20 M Calton Hall Calton Gressingham   Serv Farm Serv Indoor
NEWHOUSE Margaret A.   13 F   Kirkby Malham   YKS Daur Scholar
NEWHOUSE Richard   11 M   Kirkby Malham   YKS Son Scholar
NEWHOUSE Edward   8 M   Kirkby Malham   YKS Son Scholar
NEWHOUSE Thomas   4 M   Malham Moor Kirkby Malham YKS Son
NEWHOUSE Ann   2 F   Malham Moor Kirkby Malham YKS Daur
NEWHOUSE Robert   1 M   Malham Moor Kirkby Malham YKS Son

Taken from
Roger de Newhouse,  occurs 28 Dec. 1475

Taken from
Queens Park opened in 1879, covering 43 acres. Martin Newhouse, a local mill owner, had been killed in a railway accident. As he died intestate, his money went to the Crown and from this Heywood was granted the park In 1923 the size was doubled after a gift of land from former Mayor David Healey.

Newiss family from Shepton, Beauchamp, England (1814)

Penteth Mr (Borough Briggs) & Elizabeth Newhouse (Leeds),
1704 Dickenson's section of Oliver Heywood's Northowram Register

Stephen Newhouse m in 28/11/1796 Slaidburn  Isabell Slinger b. Greenfold, Slaidburn 1774 they had a son Richard Newhouse 1797 Slaidburn

Western Australian Convicts - Pyrenees 1853
Name Christian Name(s) Reg No Term Age Trial Place Day Mth Year Criminal Offence
Moult Henry 1910 10y 31 Maidstone 16 10 1848 Larceny as a servant
Muir David 1754 7y 24 Perth SCOTLAND 24 04 1850 Maliciously wounding with intent to do bodily harm
Neary John 1729 10y 34 Stafford 10 03 1849
Newis John 1867 7y 20 Wells 26 03 1850 Sheep stealing