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Major Williams

Territory of Florida 1822-1845


[Source:] Indian War Researcher

Came across the following in the Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. XXX, No. 1, July, 1951 under "The Seminole War: Its Background and Onset", by Mark Boyd, Section 3 entitled "Apalachicola Indians" on page 55 is the following:

"An affair occurring in June, 1835, together with its consequences, illustrates the temper of both races. It appears that a party of eight Indians had evaded the patrols along the boundary of the reservation, and went out in pursuit of game, and had committed some depredations on live stock. When this was discovered, another party of seven Alachua settlers, members of the Spring Grove Guards, a body of independent militia, led by Major Llewellyn Williams, set out in pursuit.

On the 18th they encountered six of the Indians at a place called Hickory Sink, said to be near Kanapaha Pond, adjacent to the Hog Town Settlement (an Indian townsite on or near present Gainesville). These Indians were disarmed, and while being flogged with cattle-whips, the two absent Indians returned. These observing what was going on, opened fire on the whites. In the subsequent exchange, three whites were wounded, and one Indian killed and one other wounded. Both parties returned to their homes and told substantially the same stories, except that the whites alleged that from fifteen to twenty Indians participated.

On receiving news of the encounter, Thompson immediately demanded the Indian participants from the chiefs, who promptly surrendered six, and promised the seventh when he recovered from his wound. Thompson tendered his prisoners to the civil authorities, but owing to their procrastination in acceptance, and a reluctance to provide subsistence, he released them to the chiefs after taking their depositions, with assurance they would be punished by the chiefs for going out of bounds.

The temper of the whites was aroused, and the captain of the Guards threatened to raise a large party and patrol the boundary.

[Source:] (Mil. Aff. VI: 77; 558; Potter; Cobb)

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