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Nicotiana tabacumSmith Nicotiana tabacum

compiled and copyright by MJP Grundy, 2002
Nicotiana tabacum, from Chambers's Encyclopædia: A Dictionary of Universal Knowledge for the People
(Phila.: J. B. Lippincott Company, 1885), 9:462.

Among the multiplicity of Smiths, this web page seeks only to explore the history of the Smith ancestors of Eleanor Addison Smith (1752-1798) who married John Robert Holliday in ca. 1778. She was a fifth generation Marylander.

If you have additions or corrections to this web page, I would be delighted to hear from you. Contact me via e mail at .

To see the sources click on the bracketted number that is linked to the note. Alternatively, all the citations and notes can be found at the bottom of this page.

Immigrant Generation

Richard Smith1, Gent., was born in England and presumably trained at the Inns of Court in London, probably either the Inner Temple or Lincoln's Inn.[1] He emigrated to Maryland in February 1649, the year Charles I lost his head and the royalist cause seemed lost. He brought his wife Elinor (__) over in August 1651, and died probably around 1690.[2] Richard first appeared in the real estate records of Maryland on 7 October 1662 when he entered rights for himself as of February 1649, and his wife Elinor for August 1651.[3]

Richard purchased "St. Leonard" in 1663 from Thomas Stone, son of the Governor of Maryland. Richard and Elinor lived at the dwelling plantation there, near where St. Leonard's Creek meets the Patuxent, in Calvert County. The area is now the Jefferson Patterson Park and Museum, and this air view was from their web page 9 or 10 years ago. Richard and Elinor's house and outbuildings were about where the park's administration building, the archaeological conservation lab, museum, visitors' center, and other structures are shown as a white cluster in center of the air photo. The Patuxent River is across the bottom of the photo. It is one of the finest sites in Maryland. Richard also owned land in the neighborhood of Lyon's Creek.[4]

He and Elinor appeared again in the records when they conveyed some land in 1665. On 18 February 1671 Richard sued James VEITCH about a tract of land called "Smith's Joy" which Richard and Elinor had conveyed to James 18 January 1664/5.[5]

By 1666 Richard owned about 1,125 acres in Calvert County. By 1690 he had at least 1,690 acres, and probably a great deal more.[6]

Since he was called "Lieutenant Richard Smith", Richard was apparently in the Provincial or County militia, as were most Chesapeake gentlemen in the colonial period.[7a]

In 1665 he served as Foreman of the Grand Jury of the Province. But when he was summoned as a juror in February 1671 he did not appear and was fined 500 lbs. of tobacco.[9]

Elinor was one of the women of Calvert County who petitioned the Provincial Court on 18 December 1669 for a respite of the sentence of a woman convicted of child murder for concealing the birth of her child. The petition was granted until the following 18 October.[10] This is the only instance I have found of one of our colonial Maryland female ancestors involving herself in "public" affairs. I would like to know more about the case.

In November 1683 an act was passed establishing a port on Richard's land at St. Leonard's Creek.[11] Most large planters had their own wharves for shipping casks of tobacco and receiving imported goods from Great Britain. But to have his wharf elevated into a port indicated both considerable economic and political clout, and the opportunity to acquire more. It also points to the favorable geographic position he held.

Richard probably died not long after 1689, when his son was referred to as Richard Smith, Junior. From 13 July 1689 through 14 June 1692 there are no testamentary records, due to the repercussions in Maryland of the Glorious Revolution in Great Britain. It is also possible that Richard died suddenly and left no will.[12]

Children of Richard and his wife Elinor Smith (may be incomplete):

  1. Capt. Richard Smith2, d. 1714; m (1) Elizabeth BROOKE (b. 1655), daughter of Robert Brooke (1602-1655); m (2) 13 July 1686 Barbara MORGAN, daughter of Henry Morgan (ca. 1611-1663) and widow of John ROUSBY (d. 1685/6) of Calvert Co.; m (3) 1697 Maria Johanna (Somerset) LOWTHER, daughter of Charles SOMERSET, Esq. of Acton Park, Middlesex, Eng. (the third son of Lord John Somerset who was the son of the first Marquis of Worcester), and widow of Col. Lowther. Richard was Capt. of the Calvert Co. Militia; he was nearly the only Protestant Militia officer to support Lord Baltimore during the Revolution of 1689. Taken prisoner and held a long time, he was released through the efforts of his second wife Barbara, who went to England on his behalf and gave testimony in London. It was during this unsettled period that Richard had his own dwelling built farther up the Patuxent from his father's house, out of sight in the air photo. Archaeologists excavated the earthfast house, calling it "King's Reach". Richard was Surveyor-General of Maryland 1693-97 or 1695-99. Lord Baltimore gave him land, including 2,500 ac. "The Valley of Jehoshaphat", now known as Dulany Valley, north of Baltimore City. He had 5,000 ac. "The Remain of My Lord's Gracious Grant" surveyed on 11 Jan. 1696, and 408 ac. "Smith's Purchase" on 26 June 1696, both in Calvert Co. In Balt. Co. tax lists of 1700, 1701 and 1702 he is enumerated on the North side of Gunpowder Hundred. In 1711 Richard built a more substantial house near the edge of the field nearest the confluence of the Patuxent and St. Leonard's Creek in the air photo above. Archaeologists call the site "Smith's St. Leonard". On the gable end of the house, set in brick, was written the date.[36] Richard lived there until his death in 1714, at which point his son Walter inherited it. Richard had children by all 3 wives.[13]

  2. Col. Walter Smith, d. 1711; m. 1686 Rachel Hall.

Second Generation

Walter Smith2 was the younger son of Richard and Elinor. He died in 1711. In 1686 he married the 16-year old Rachel HALL, the daughter of Richard Hall of Calvert County, Maryland, born in 1670. They lived at "Hall's Croft", or "Craft", a very large plantation near Lower Marlborough in Calvert County. Some sources think that it probably was Rachel's dowry. Effie Gwynn Bowie, however, seems to have documents showing that "Hall's Craft" was originally patented to Richard Hall, who sold it to Richard Smith, Attorney General. He, in turn, willed or gave it to his son, Col. William Smith, who married Rachel, daughter of Richard Hall. Rachel inherited a 300-acre tract named "Aldermason" from her father.[14]]

Walter, like most wealthy young men, was commissioned an officer in the local militia. In 1689 he was Captain of the "foot cavalry" in the Calvert County militia. Much later, he became Major, and in 1706 was made a Colonel.[16] But first, politics interfered with the smooth ascent of his career.

Walter's political career advanced in 1696 when he was elected to the Assembly from Calvert County. He served as a representative until 1704 and again from 1708 to 1711. In June 1697 he was named by the Assembly as one of the commissioners to treat with the Piscataway Indians.[19]

After 1706 Walter styled himself Colonel. The Assembly appointed Col. Walter Smith and his brother Capt. Richard Smith in April 1706 to a commission to lay out towns and ports in Calvert County.[21]

Walter had 500 acre "Bear Neck" surveyed on 10 October 1694 in Baltimore County.[22] He and Rachel owned at least 3,500 acres in Anne Arundel, Baltimore, and Calvert Counties by 1696, of which 700 may have been Rachel's dowry, and another 300 her inheritance from her father.[23]

Walter was a member of the established Church of England. He was elected a vestryman of All Saints parish in Calvert County when the parish was organized on 7 February 1692/3. He held the position for the rest of his life. The last vestry meeting he attended was 2 April 1711.[24]

Walter Smith died shortly after that last meeting. His will had been signed 16 February 1710/1 and was proved 4 June 1711. His estate was inventoried with a value of 1,612.5.8, including 19 enslaved people, a sloop, and more than 2,600 acres in three counties. He also had some outstanding debts, so the final balance came to 1,439.2.8. The home plantation, "Hall's Craft", was divided between his sons Walter and Richard, with the latter getting 550 acres of it, and the former (the eldest) getting the residue of all the land. Daughters Rebecca and Elizabeth divided 300 acre "Aldermason" and 113 acre "The Addition". Daughter Mary received 250 acres of "The Three Sisters" in Prince George's County while daughters Elinor and Ann evenly divided the 500 acre "Bare [sic] Neck" on the falls of the Gunpowder River in Baltimore County. Daughter Lucy was left only 8 because she had already received her portion, presumably when she married. His wife Rachel was named executrix, and received one third of the personalty. She was put in charge of the minor children, the boys to be considered adult at 20 and the girls at 16.[25]

Rachel died 28 October 1730, in the sixtieth year of her age, and was buried 6 November. Her will was dated 28 October 1730 and proved 3 February 1730/1.[27]

Children of Walter and his wife Rachel (Hall) Smith (order approximate):

  1. Lucy Smith3, b. 1688; d. 15 Apr. 1770; m. 9 May 1705 Thomas BROOKE4 (1683-1744), son of Thomas3 and his first wife, Ann.

  2. Elinor Smith, b. 1690; d. 19 Jan. 1761; m. 7 June 1709, as the second wife of Col. Thomas ADDISON of Prince George's Co. His first wife was Elizabeth (TASKER) Addison. In her will dated 17/12/1759 Elinor left her son Thomas Addison land and Negroes; she bequeathed a mourning ring and a guinea to each of her grandson Addison MURDOCK, her daughter Eleanor HALL, and her daughter Catherine [sic: Christian] SIM; a silver tea pot went to daughter Ann MURDOCK; Negro human beings to sons John and Henry Addison. She also mentioned grand children Eleanor Addison, Ann Addision, Anthony Addison, Daniel Dulany Addison, and Eleanor Addison daughter of Henry; and also her sister Elizabeth BALL [sic: BATT?]. Her three sons were named executors. Elinor's son Henry married his first cousin, Elinor's sister Rebecca's daughter, Rachel DULANY.[28]

  3. Walter Smith of Hall's Croft, b. ca. 1692; d. 1734; m. Susanna BROOKE, daughter of Clement Brooke and Jane (SEWALL) Brooke. He refused to take the oath required of vestrymen (All Saints' Parish) 16 Apr. 1716, but did so on 6 May 1729. He was elected to the lower house of the Md. Assembly; served as High Sheriff of Calvert Co. 1725; justice of Calvert Co. from 1725 until his death. In his will (signed 22 Mar. 1731, pr. 13 Mar. 1733) he passed "Hall's Craft" to his son Walter.[29] Susanna m(2) Hyde HOXTON, whom she outlived, dying in 1767.[30]

  4. Ann or Anne Smith, b. ca. 1694; d. 1759; m(1) Francis WILKINSON (he d. 22 Feb. 1724/5); m(2) 5 Aug. 1725 as his second wife, Col. Thomas Truman GREENFIELD (1682-1733) of Prince George's Co. Francis was the son of William (d. 1726) and Rebecca, who had emigrated by 1696 to Charles Co. William Wilkinson was Protestant, a justice, planter, mill owner, factor, and merchant who served in the Md. Assembly. William's estate was valued at 1,197.11.0 including 15 enslaved people, 32 books, and about 900 acres. [31] T. T. Greenfield was a justice and sheriff in St. Mary's Co., Capt. in the militia by 1708 and Col. by 1723; served in the Md. legis. He res. first in Calvert Co., then Prince George's Co. after 1695, and St. Mary's Co. by 1708. Thomas m(1) Susannah CHESELDYNE. His estate was valued at 194.14.0 sterling and 1,896.14.2 current money, and included 24 enslaved individuals. He owned 6,194 acres plus 5 additional tracts. [32]

  5. Rebecca Smith, b. 1696; d. 18 Mar. 1737; m. 1717 as his second wife Daniel DULANY (1685-1753) of Annapolis, who served in the Md. legis. Rebecca and Daniel were bur. at St. Anne's Church cemetery in Annapolis. Daniel's estate inventory was valued at 10,921.9.8 current money and included 187 enslaved people, 98 books, 2,594 oz. of silver "plate", more than 563 gal. of wine plus money out on loan. He owned about 10,000 acres. They had 5 sons and 4 daughters. Daughter Rachel Dulany m. her first cousin, Henry ADDISON, the son of Elinor (Smith). Daughter Margaret was the second wife of William MURDOCK.[33]

  6. Richard Smith of Lower Marlboro, b. ca. 1698; d. 1732; m. Elinor ADDISON. See below.

  7. Elizabeth Smith, m (1) Thomas JENNINGS of Prince George's Co.; m. (2) Humphrey BATT [BALL?] of the same Co.[34]

  8. Mary Smith.

Third Generation

Richard Smith3, son of Walter2 and Rachel (HALL), born about 1698 and died in 1732. He married Elinor ADDISON, daughter of Col. Thomas Addison of Prince George's County and his first wife, Elizabeth TASKER. Elinor was born 20 March 1705. She was the widow of Bennett LOWE, who had died in 1722. The Smiths lived in Lower Marlboro, Calvert County.[35]

Richard was a merchant, although like most wealthy men of that time and place he also grew tobacco.

Richard and Elinor were members of All Saints' Anglican Church. In October 1722 the interior of the church was changed, with the pulpit moved into, and dislodging, one of the pews. The vestry directed that the members whose pew it was could choose another in the new porch. On 30 October the vestry decided that Richard should have a quarter of the minister's pew, for which he paid the vestry 200 pounds of tobacco.[40] Richard was elected to the All Saints Parish Vestry on 15 April 1723, to serve till 7 April 1729. He was reelected 4 April 1732.[41]

Richard was High Sheriff of Calvert County in 1728.[41a]

Richard signed his will 23 October 1732, and it was proved 29 December. He named Elinor his executrix, giving her the dwelling house on fifteen acres of "Hardisty's Choice". In addition he gave her "Bell" which adjoined it; two other parts of "Hardisty's Choice" purchased from Caleb Hardisty and Richard Hall with the marsh adjoining it called "Black Wall"; part of "Hall's Craft" given to Richard by his father . All of this was given to Elinor in lieu of her one third interest in Richard's real estate during her life. After her death all the land was to go to their eldest son Walter. Without having to wait for his mother's death, Walter was given 400 acres of "Park Hall" on the west branch of the Patuxent River in Prince George's County, to be laid out at the end of the land where the tree called "Brooke Tree" stood. Son Richard got the residue of "Park Hall". Son John Addision got his father's part of the lands on Swan Creek, Prince George's County, after it was divided between his father and George Plater. If John A. died without heirs, 400 acres of it was to go to his brother Richard and the rest to be equally divided between his sisters Rebecca and Rachel. Rebecca received 250 acre "Bare [sic] Neck", and Rachel got a similarly sized "Tasker's Camp", both in Baltimore County.[42]

Elinor Addison, from a painting reproduced in <i>Some Family Bible Records</i>

Somewhere there is a painting of Elinor. A reproduction is printed in Colonial Dames of America, Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation from the Archives of Chapter 1 (Baltimore: Grafton Press: ), Vol. II, between pages 672 and 673. My thanks to Barbara Haddaway for bringing this to my attention.

Twice widowed Elinor next married Captain Posthumous THORNTON, who died in 1738. She then married for a fourth and final time on 31 January 1754 Corbin LEE, who died in 1774.[43]

Children of Richard and Elinor (Addison) Lowe Smith (order uncertain):[44]

  1. Walter Smith4, m. Christian SIM; d. Jan. 1755. See below.

  2. Richard Smith

  3. John Addison Smith, d. 8 May 1776; m. 17 Oct. 1765 Sarah ROGERS, daughter of William and Sarah.[45] As a widow Sarah m(2) John MERRYMAN. In 1753 John owned "Hall's Craft" that had belonged to his grandmother's family. Later he removed to Baltimore Town. His obit. in the Maryland Journal and Baltimore Advertiser, 7 Aug. 1776, mentions Sarah Smith as executrix.[46]] John A. and Sarah (Rogers) had a son William Rogers Smith, of Baltimore, b. 25 Nov. 1774 d. 10 June 1818; m. 2 Oct. 1798 Margaret DUGAN, daughter of Cumberland and Abigail (MAY) Dugan. Margaret was b. 13 Apr. 1780 and is bur. in Old St. Paul's church yard.[46a]]

  4. Rebecca Smith, m. Roger BOYCE (d. 1772); she d. 1775.

  5. Rachel Smith

Fourth Generation

Walter Smith4, the eldest son of Richard and Elinor (Addison) Smith, died in 1755. He married Christian (SIM) Lee, the widow of Thomas LEE (d. 1749). She was the daughter of Dr. Patrick Sim and his wife Mary (Brooke). Walter helped raise his step-son, Thomas Lee [Jr.]. He and Christian also had a daughter, Eleanor Addision Smith, named for Walter's mother, Elinor (Addison) Smith.[47]

Walter inherited from his father 400 acres of "Park Hall" on the west branch of the Patuxent River in Prince George's County. He was also to receive all the land left to his mother after her death.[48]

Walter signed his will 3 January 1755, and it was proved 18 February in Calvert County. The estate was appraised at 510.2.11, and approval was given on 6 February 1756 by major creditor John SMITH and next of kin Clement Smith, Walter DULANY, and Robert SWAN. Christian was named executrix.[50]

Christian signed her will 12 February 1762, and it was proved 24 March in Prince George's County. Her estate was appraised at 755.5.7, slightly larger than her husband's had been. The valuation was approved 24 March 1763 by major creditors Nathaniel SHUR, and Thomas CAMPBELL, attorney for Shortridge Gordon & Co., and by next of kin Thomas Sim LEE and Patrick Sim SMITH. Christian named her brother Joseph SIM to serve as executor.[51]

Child of Walter and Christian (Sim) Lee Smith:

  1. Eleanor Addison Smith5, b. 1752; d. 8 July 1798; m. ca. 1778 John Robert Holliday of "Epsom", Baltimore County.[52]

Fifth Generation

Eleanor Addison Smith5, daughter of Walter and Christian (Sim) Lee Smith, was born in 1752, and died 8 July 1798. She married about 1778 John Robert Holliday, posthumous son of Robert Holliday. They resided at his estate "Epsom", in Baltimore County.

Eleanor and John were members of St. James Protestant Episcopal Church in Baltimore, and four of their daughters' births and one daughter's marriage were recorded there.[54] John Robert died in 1800, two years after Eleanor.

Children of John Robert and his wife Eleanor Addison (Smith) Holliday:[55]

  1. John Robert Holliday6, b. 12 April 1779; d. 21 Aug. 1826 in Louisiana; m. 17 Feb. 1802 Mary Burrows STONE.

  2. Daniel Chalmers Holliday, b. ca. 1781; d. 24 Mar. 1819 in Richland, Miss.

  3. Christiana S. Holliday, m. Christopher CARNAN. He was perhaps related to her paternal grandmother's second husband.

  4. Eleanor A. Holliday, b. in Baltimore Co.; d. 27 May 1802; m. 27 May 1802 in St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Balt. Co., John YEISER.

  5. Prudence Gough Holliday, b. 1 Aug. 1785 in St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Balt. Co.; m. 27 Sept. 1802 James CHALMERS.

  6. Elizabeth Carnan Holliday, b. 22 Dec. 1786 in St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Balt.;

  7. Mary Lee Holliday, b. 15 Aug. 1788 in St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Balt.; d. 8 July 1845; m. 2 Oct. 1809 William LEE.

  8. Rebecca Ridgely Holliday, b. 1790 in St. James Protestant Episcopal Parish, Balt.; d. before 1800.

  9. Henry Gough Holliday, "Harry", b. 15 July 1791; d. 31 Oct. 1801.

Continue the story of this family with the Holliday Line.

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The Smiths and their colonial Maryland relatives and ancestors are described in The Southern Connection: Ancestors of Eleanor Addison Smith Holliday Price. It delves into the social system, economics, and politics that developed in colonial Maryland. The white elite considered themselves the pinnacle of civilization, and their wealth and power were dependent upon a horrifically brutal racist enslavement system. This hardback print-on-demand book provides the context for Eleanor's colonial Maryland plantation elite ancestors. The book is available at Click on the title, then on "preview" to see the table of contents and a few sample pages. The price is the cost of printing and binding, plus shipping. I make nothing on it.

See some other colonial Maryland families that link one way or another with these Smiths: AddisonBaleBrookeBrowneDentDorseyEly,   HallHattonHollidayHowardIsaacMoltonNorwoodOwingsRandallRidgelySimStoneTaskerWarfield,  and Wilkinson.  All of them are included in The Southern Connection.

If you have additions or corrections to this web page, I would be delighted to hear from you. Contact me via e mail at .

Nicotiana tabacum

This page was posted 2/18/2004, and updated most recently on 8m/23/2014.

Citations and Notes

The full bibliographical citation is given the first time a source is mentioned, but is not repeated each time that source is cited. Scroll up til you find the first mention and there you will find the complete citation.

  1. Charles Francis Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 3rd. ed. (Balt.: published by the author in cooperation with the Calvert County Historical Society, 1976), 313. Richard Smith is not on the list of students for either Gray's Inn or the Middle Temple.

  2. Gust Skordas, The Early Settlers of Maryland: An Index to Names of Immigrants Compiled from Records of Land Patents, 1633-1680, in the Hall of Records, Annapolis, Maryland (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1968), 428, 424, citing Liber 5, folio 188. For a brief summary of his life, see Aubrey C. Land, The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder (1685-1753) and Daniel Dulany, the Younger (1722-1797) Studies in Maryland History, No. 3, (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1955), 26.

  3. Christopher Johnston, "Smith Family of Calvert County", in Maryland Genealogies from the Maryland Historical Magazine: A Consolidation of Articles from the Maryland Historical Magazine, indexed by Thomas L. Hollowick, 2 vols. 2:373, citing Land Office, Lib. 5, fol. 188.

  4. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 313. It was perhaps another man named Richard Smith who had 100 ac. "Smith" surveyed in Charles Co. 25 Oct. 1649. Lord Baltimore's Rent Rolls, as printed in Hester Dorsey Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History with Sketches of Early Maryland Families, 2 vols. (Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins Company, 1913), 1:308. Another source says Richard's first acquisition 7 Oct. 1662 was 100 acres with a dwelling house on the west side of Solomon's Creek. Biographical Record of Harford and Cecil Counties, Maryland, (reprinted by Family Lines Publications in collaboration with the Harford County Genealogical Society, 1989, from Portrait and Biographical Record of Harford and Cecil Counties, Maryland, Chapman Publishing Co., 1897), 571.

  5. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:374, citing Lib. JJ, fol. 280.

  6. Edward C. Papenfuse, Alan F. Day, David W. Jordan, and Gregory A. Stiverson, A Biographical Dictionary of the Maryland Legislature, 1635-1789 (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1979) 2 vols., 2:748.

  7. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 312; Raphael Semmes, Crime and Punishment in Early Maryland (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1938), 145-46, citing Md. Arch., 3:354-58, 366, 375, 383, 384, 387, 396, 407-9.

          7a. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:373, citing Md. Arch., 10:542.

  8. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 313-4; George Lynn-Lachlan Davis, The Day-Star of American Freedom, or the Birth and Early Growth of Toleration, in the Province of Maryland . . . (New York: C. Scribner, 1855), 71-72; Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:373, citing Lib. S, fol. 26, and Md. Arch., 1:382, 396, 426; 2:8.

  9. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:373, citing Lib. FF, fol. 64; Lib. JJ, fol. 264.

  10. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:374.

  11. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:373-74, citing Md. Arch. 7:609, 611.

  12. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:374, citing Md. Arch., 20:200; Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 312.

  13. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 313; Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:748; Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:339. Lord Baltimore's Rent Rolls, as printed in Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:300, 304. Raymond B. Clark, Jr. and Sara Seth Clark, comps., Baltimore County, Maryland, Tax List, 1699-1706 (Washington, DC: Raymond B. Clark, Jr., 1964), 8, 16, 24. For a discussion of his will and estate inventory, see Gloria L. Main, Tobacco Colony: Life in Early Maryland, 1650-1720 (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1982), 234-35. In 1717 Sarah Clagett gave a depostion that she had witnessed the marriage "of Captain Richard Smith of Calvert County and the widow, Madam Johanna Lowther and attended the wedding reception." Effie Gwynn Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George’s County (Richmond VA: Garrett & Massie, Inc., 1947), 119. The dates of his surveyorship are given as 1693-1694 in Colonial Dames of America, Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I, the Colonial Dames of America (N.Y.:The Grafton Press, Publishers, 1912), 672, googlebooks.

  14. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:751. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 313. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:377, citing Baldwin's Calendar, 11, 32; Aubrey C. Land, The Dulanys of Maryland: A Biographical Study of Daniel Dulany, the Elder (1685-1753) and Daniel Dulany, the Younger (1722-1797), Studies in Maryland History, No. 3 (Baltimore: Maryland Historical Society, 1955), 26; Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George’s County, 295.

  15. www.allsaintssunderland.ang-org/id26.htm and the Calvert Co. historical web page.

  16. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 313.

  17. Testimony of Barbara Smith given 30 Dec. 1689 in London, in Percy G. Skirven, The First Parishes of the Province of Maryland, Wherein are given Historical Sketches of the Ten Counties & of the Thirty Parishes in the Province at the time of the Establishment of the Church of England in 1692 (Baltimore: The Norman Remington Company, 1923), 90-93.

  18. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:377, citing Md. Arch., 20:64, 138, 465; 25:75, 108.

  19. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:376, citing House Journals; 2:377, citing Md. Arch., 19:530.

  20. Joseph H. Smith and Philip A. Crowl, eds., Court Records of Prince George's County, Maryland, 1696-1699, American Legal Records, vol. 9 (Washington D.C.: The American Historical Association, 1964), xlix; Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:377, citing Md. Arch., 23:461, 468, 469; Land, The Dulanys of Maryland, 26.

  21. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:376, citing Md. Arch. 26:638.

  22. Lord Baltimore's Rent Roll, as printed in Richardson, Side-Lights on Maryland History, 1:335.

  23. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:751.

  24. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:376-77, citing Md. Arch. 8:473, and Vestry Book.

  25. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:751; Jane Baldwin, comp. and ed., Maryland Calendar of Wills, 23 vols. (Baltimore: Kohn & Pollock, Publishers, 1904), 3:200; Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 314.

  26. Land, The Dulanys of Maryland, 27, 59.

  27. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:377, citing the Greenfield family Bible. The date of death is also in Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George’s County, 295. Perhaps the date of signing the will is incorrect? Perhaps not.

  28. Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George's County, 33.

  29. Stein, A History of Calvert County Maryland, 314; Biographical Record of Harford and Cecil Counties, Maryland, 572. For more on Walter, Jr.'s line, especially of his son Dr. Clement Smith (b. 1756), see Ibid., 572. Md. Calendar of Wills, 7:71-72.

  30. Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George’s County, 296.

  31. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:375-76.

  32. Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 2:889.

  33. For more on Daniel Dulany, see Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1 284-86.

  34. Bowie, Across the Years in Prince George’s County, has his name Humphrey Belt, p. 295.

  35. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:380.

  36. Information from the 1773 Plat key, giving the year Richard Smith, Jr. built his house, on

  37. Jefferson Patterson Park web site at

  38. Jefferson Patterson Park web site at

  39. Jefferson Patterson Park web site at

          39a. Land, The Dulanys of Maryland, 105.

  40. Records of All Saints' Parish, Calvert Co., in Edward Ingle, "Parish Institutions of Maryland, with Illustrations from Parish Records", Johns Hopkins University Studies in Historical and Political Science, series i, No. 6 (Baltimore, April 1883), 43.

  41. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:380, citing All Saints' Vestry Book.

          41a. Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I, the Colonial Dames of America (N.Y.:The Grafton Press, Publishers, 1912), 673, googlebooks.

  42. Maryland Calendar of Wills, 6:254.

  43. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:380; Biog. Dic. of Md. Legis., 1:101.

  44. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:380.

  45. The marriage was recorded in St. Paul's Parish, Balt. Co., see Robert Barnes, comp., Maryland Marriages, 1634-1777 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1976), 166.

  46. Robert W. Barnes, Gleanings from Maryland Newspapers, 1776-1785 (Lutherville, Md.: Bettie Carothers, 1975), 44.

          46a. Ancestral Records and Portraits: a Compilation from the Archives of Chapter I, the Colonial Dames of America (N.Y.:The Grafton Press, Publishers, 1912), 674, googlebooks.

  47. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:382.

  48. Maryland Calendar of Wills, 6:254.

  49. Jefferson Patterson Park web site at

  50. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:382. Skinner, Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland,23 vols. (Westminster, Md.: Family Line Publications, 1992), vol. 48-60 (1751-1756):100, citing Lib. 60, fol. 338.

  51. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:382. V. L. Skinner, Jr., comp., Abstracts of the Inventories of the Prerogative Court of Maryland, vol. 70-80 (1760-1763):96, citing Lib. 80, fol. 278.

  52. Johnston, "Smith Family", 2:382.

  53. Newspaper Gleanings 178_-1790 (Western Reserve Historical Society library). BMJ.

  54. IGI.

  55. Information from Charlotte Price Curlin, IGI, and John Robert Holliday's will.

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Nicotiana tabacum
the noxious weed:
source of wealth for this family
and justification for the "necessity" to enslave fellow human beings