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compiled and copyright by MJP Grundy, 2007
"Leek", pen and ink drawing by Anne E. G. Nydam, 2004
used by permission

The leek, Ceninen in Welsh, is a traditional emblem of Wales.
It is used here to symbolize this branch of the Harlan family that connects to the Griffith family that originated in Wales.
View a chart of these Griffith Collateral Lines.

construction under way

This page is still under construction.

As far as most Harlan lines posted on the internet indicate, this line seems to depend entirely on the History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family by Alpheus H. Harlan (originally printed in Baltimore, 1914). The existence of an excellent Harlan family web site has made me hesitant to post this page which does not intend to compete with or replicate this comprehensive Harlan site, but rather hopes to offer in depth information from a variety of sources about one short line leading down to Charity3 Harlan who was born in 1713/4 in Kennett Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania, and married Joseph Hackney. If a reader has documentable corrections or additions to this specific line, I would be very glad to hear from you via e mail, at .

English Ancestors

An undocumented line on familysearch begins two generations earlier than Alpheus Harlan's book, with James Harland who was supposedly born in 1580 in England.[1] He had a son, William Harland, said to have been born in 1594, when James was only 14. This seems unlikely, so I only include this data, assembled by others, to provide a starting point for further research and to offer a reminder that some skepticism should accompany any unproved, undocumented information. It is further claimed that William was married about 1624 in Bishoprick, near Durham, and died in 1651. His wife, whose name was not given, was said to have also been born in Bishoprick, in 1603, the year Queen Elizabeth I died.[2]

We are on firmer ground starting where Alpheus H. Harlan began, namely with JamesA Harland who was a yeoman born in about 1625 in Bishoprick, near Monkwearmouth Monastery. [See the explanation of the National Genealogical Society's Numbering System used on this web page.] The monastery had been founded in 672 near the mouth of the River Wear. St. Peter's priory church was built two years later and still stands, one of the oldest churches in Britain, although little remains of the original structure except for the western porch and part of the wall. The tower is obviously of Norman origin. The more famous monastery, 7 miles away at Jarrow, was set off from Monkwearmouth in 682. The Venerable Bede (ca. 672/3-735) received his early education at Monkwearmouth, then was transferred to Jarrow where he spent the rest of his life, so his accounts of it and Monkwearmouth are assumed to be pretty accurate. The Vikings attacked Jarrow in 794, and it was destroyed by the Danes ca. 860. In the early 1070s, inspired by Bede's History[3], Jarrow was partially rebuilt as a minor cell under Durham. Henry VIII dissolved it, and Monkwearmouth was incorporated into a private dwelling during the reign of James I. This burned in 1790 and no trace of the monastery is visible today. The records were inside the building when it burned,[4] so there is no way of acquiring the data we would like to have.[5]

The Harlan family genealogy cautiously states that "tradition" holds that James's father was William.[6] One suggestion for his mother is Rebecca KIRK (1627-1668).[7] Because their children were christened or baptized in the established church, it is generally assumed James was a member in good standing of the local Anglican church.[8] In 1625 there were plenty of Puritans still within the established Anglican church who were unhappy and even unwilling participants in the services. I know of no way to ascertain if the Harlans fit this category, although it is quite possible, as three of their sons later joined the radical Quakers. There were relatively few Separatists in the mid 1620s (including the group that sailed off in the Mayflower in 1620).

Children of James and Rebecca (Kirk)? Harland:

  1. ThomasA Harlan, b. ca. 1648 in Bishoprick, Durham, England; buried in Lurgan Parish, Armagh, Ireland; m(1) 2/7m/1680 under the care of Lurgan Monthly Meeting at the house of Francis Robson in Sego, County Armagh, Katherine BULLOCK, daughter of George Bullock. The marriage certificate was signed by two of our direct ancestors, George Harlan and Alphonsus Kirk, among others. Katherine d. 3/3m/1690; they had one son and 4 daughters:
    a) Ananias,
    b) Rebecca,
    c) Patience,
    d) Christian,
    e) Katherine.
    Thomas m(2) on 11/8m/1702 Alice FOSTER "of Lisnegarvy, at Richard Boyes house, Ballinderry Monthly Meeting, Armagh". They had two sons and a daughter:
    f) James,
    g) Thomas,
    h) Abigail.
    Thomas and his brothers became Friends, and all three removed from Durham to the Parish of Donnahlong, County Down, Ireland.[9]

  2. George Harlan, b. 1650; d. 1714; m. 1678 Elizabeth Duck; 8 children.

  3. Michael Harlan, b. ca. 1660 in Bishoprick, Durham; d. June 1729 in London Grove, Chester Co., Pennsylvania; m. Dinah DIXON, daughter of Henry Dixon. Michael was taxed 5/ 6d in Kennett in 1715.[10] Named constable for Kennett Twp in 1709 and 1710.[11] Had 8 children:[12]
    a) George, 4/10m/1690; d. 1732; m. Mary (Baily) STEWART;
    b) Abigail, b. 23/9m/1692; m. Richard FLOWER;
    c) Thomas, b. 24/4m/1694; d. 1745; m. Mary CARTER;
    d) Stephen, b. 16/2m/1697; d. 1732; m. Hannah CARTER;
    e) Michael, b. 7/2m/1699; d. 1757; m. Hannah MARIS;
    f) Solomon, b. 7/10m/1701; d. 2m/1732 in London Grove, Pa.; unmar.;
    g) James, b. 19/10m/1703; d. 1774; m. Susanna OBORN;
    h) Dinah, b. 23/8m/1707; d. 4/7/1763; m. Thomas GREGG.

Immigrant Generation

George1 Harland was born at Monkwearmouth, Durham, England, and was baptized at the Monastery on 11 First Month [March] 1651.[13] [See an explanation of Old Style Dates.] He died 5 July 1714 near the Brandywine Creek, Kennett Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. George and Elizabeth DUCK, the daughter of Ezekiah and Hannah (HOOPE) Duck were married under the care of Lurgan Monthly Meeting, 27 Ninth Month [November] 1678. Elizabeth had been born 5 May 1660 in Lurgan, County Armagh. She died in Pennsbury Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania.[14]

Just when George Harland and his brothers Michael and Thomas became Friends is not recorded. What is clear is that all three immigrated to a small but thriving Quaker community in Ireland. None of them are recorded as suffering for their Quaker faith in Durham or Ireland, in the publication of Joseph Besse, although that record is incomplete.[15]

George was living in Donnahlong Parish, County Down when he married, with the approbation of Lurgan Monthly Meeting, on 27 Ninth Month [November] 1678 "at the house of Marke Wright in ye Parish of Shankill", Elizabeth DUCK, said to be the daughter of Ezekiah Duck and his wife Hannah HOOPE,[16] of Lurgan, County Armagh. Since Friends understood that only God could create and consecrate a marriage, they refused on conscientious principle to have a "priest" marry them, just as they refused to go along with the idea that a daughter was chattel to be given by her father to her husband. Therefore Friends developed their own quasi-legal form in which the meeting would investigate to see that both parties were free of any other marriage entanglements, had their parents' permission, and then freely gave themselves in marriage to the other. All present signed as witnesses. The first two paragraphs of the marriage certificate of George and Elizabeth spell out the process much more clearly than the later formula language adopted in the American colonies.

George Harland in the parish of Donnahlong in ye County of Down and Elizabeth Duck of Lurgan in ye parish of Shankill and County of Armagh having intentions of marriage (according to God's ordinance) did lay their said intentions before ye men and womens meetings who taking it into their considerations, desired they waite a time in which time several Friends were appointed to make enquiry in ye several places where their residences are or of later years have been wheather ye man is free of all other women, and ye woman free from all other men and wheather their relations and parents are satisfied with their said intentions.
      And they presenting themselves the second time before ye men and womens meeting and an account being brought to ye meeting, where all things being found clear and their intentions of marriage being several times published in ye meeting to which they do belong, and nothing appearing against it.
The document then goes on to describe the nature of their commitment, which took place within a specially called meeting for worship.
A meeting of ye people of God was appointed at the house of Marke Wright in ye parish of Shankill on the twenty seventh day of ye ninth month anno 1678, where they being contracted the said George Harland declared publickly and solemnly in the presence of God, and of his people in these vows, I take Elizabeth Duck to be my wife, and said Elizabeth Duck declared in like manner, I give myselfe to George Harland to be his wife and I take him to be my husband, as witness our hands.
George Harland  
Elizabeth Harland
    1     6     7     8   

The following Friends then signed the marriage certificate as witnesses. There are no signatures of parents of the bridal couple, but George's brother Thomas was present. I have been unable to identify Bridgett Harland. It is quite possible that Elinor and Robert Hoope were relatives of Elizabeth, whose mother was Hannah (Hoope) Duck. Many of the other surnames are familiar among later Delaware Valley Quaker immigrants.

Daniel Stamper
George Bullock
John Wright
Henry Hollingsworth
John Cavart
Francis Hillary
Alexander Noble
George Lowder
Roger Kirk
Timothy Kirk
George Hodghson
Alphonsus Kirk
William Crook
Deborah Kirk
Elinor Hoope
Robert Hoope
Thomas Harland
Bridget Harland
Marke Wright
Ezekell Bullock
William Porter
Michael Scaife
Ann Hodghson
Ann Peirson
Thomas Atkinson
Mary Walker
Mary Rea
Elinor Greer[17]

As a matter of conscience Friends refused to pay tithes to the established church, and in 1680 Daniel MacCONNELL seized from George "12 stooks and a half of oats, 3 stooks and a half of barley, and 5 loads of Hey, all worth 10s 10d" for failure to pay tithes.[18] "Stook" is a British term for shock. I do not know the volume of a British stook of oats.

George, Elizabeth and their four children (Ezekiel, Hannah, Moses, and Aaron), and George's unmarried brother Michael immigrated to America in 1686/7, boarding ship in Belfast.[19] Their reasons are not stated in their certificate of removal. The usual reason would have been to find better economic opportunities. Friends tended to discourage immigration to flee persecution.

George had purchased land in New Castle County before leaving Ireland, and upon their arrival they settled in Centreville, an Irish Quaker community in northern New Castle County, in what later became the state of Delaware.[20] George's original house was on the west side of Adams Dam Road, between Centerville Road and the Winterthur Museum.[21] In May that year George warranted 200 acres along the Brandywine Creek, later dividing it with his brother Michael. Early the next year the tax list credited him with two tithables, evidently him and his brother. His assessment in 1693 on £100 marked him as a modest freeholder.[22]

Apparently the family dropped the "d" at the end of their name after moving to the new world.[23] Their descendants in North America have followed this orthography.

In 1684 Friends had settled on the east side of the Brandywine, in and near New Castle, and began holding meetings for worship in local homes. Apparently after they got settled, the Harlan's house was one that Friends used for worship.[24] The history of the meetings attended by our ancestors is sometimes a bit difficult to pin down. Any meeting had to be officially sanctioned by a larger group, but it appears that Friends did meet for worship even before their small meetings were able to be officially recognized and established. A monthly meeting could only be established by a quarterly meeting, and a preparative or allowed meeting for worship (somewhat equivalent to what we in North America might now call a worship group) could only be recognized by a monthly meeting. When we look at the first meetings in the Brandywine Valley, we soon run into ambiguities, inconsistent accounts of details, shifting sites of monthly meetings for business, and changes of name. These difficulties probably don't really matter for our purposes. Philadelphia Quarterly Meeting established the meeting.[25] In 1688 Valentine HOLLINGSWORTH gave a piece of ground for a meeting house and grave yard, that was known as Newark Meeting, or New Ark or New Work, located near Carrcroft, in what is now Delaware.[26]

George Harlan soon became active in Newark Monthly Meeting. The first mention of him in the meeting records was when he was named to a marriage clearness committee in Tenth Month [December] 1687 with Cornelius EMPSON. Between 1694 and 1713 George was named a representative to Chester Quarterly Meeting (after it had been set off from Philadelphia Quarter) 36 times, and between 1690 and 1712, ten times to Philadelphia Yearly Meeting.[27]

In 1698/9 George and Elizabeth and their family moved farther up the Brandywine to Kennett. After the Harlans moved, Friends used their former house for meetings until a new building was constructed. George was an overseer of the construction project, which took 5 years. Later the township of Kennett was divided and the Harlan homestead ended up in what is now Pennsbury Township.[28] It is apparently on the site of the present (i.e. ca. 2001) Hillgirt Farm, on the west side of route 100, and north of Cossart Road.[29]

As early as 1689 there was dissension within the monthly meeting because of the difficulty at certain times of crossing the Brandywine. In that year, after the monthly meeting had begun to meet in Kennett, Friends in Newark were admonished for neglecting coming to monthly meeting.[30] In 1704 the minutes recorded that the next monthly meeting would be "held at the Centre, which is supposed to be George Harlan's ould house."[31] The last monthly meeting held at Newark was in 1707, and from 1708 it was held mostly at the newly constructed meeting house at Centre.[32] The Harlans and their neighbors formed the nucleus of Centre meeting for worship, and on 10 Seventh Month [September] 1689 he requested that there be a meeting on the other side of the Brandywine during the winter when crossing the ford was hazardous. This was allowed to become year-round in 1707. According to some accounts, in 1710 a piece of land was purchased and a log meeting house built. It was enlarged in 1719, and again in 1731. The present brick structure was built in 1796.[33] It stands on a knoll at the intersection of Centre Meeting and Adams Dam Roads, close to Centerville, Delaware.[34] Newark Monthly Meeting soon consisted of preparative meetings at Newark (the original site), Centre, and Kennett. Beginning in 1729 the monthly meeting for discipline (or business) was held at Kennett, first once in three months on rotation, than more frequently until in 1760 the name of the monthly meeting was changed from Newark to Kennet. [35] The name was often spelled with a single "t" in the old minutes; the town is spelled with two "t"s, as is the current meeting. In 1808 Centre was set off as a monthly meeting in its own right.[36]

George had a "difference" with Cornelius EMPSON that went to court before it was settled by Chester Quarterly Meeting.[37] Ordinarily Friends were to settle their differences in a spirit of Christian forbearance, with the help of more seasoned members of the meeting if necessary. I have not been able to check the meeting minutes to know how Friends reacted to this action outside of usual Friends' expectations of behavior.

George had had no previous governmental experience when he was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly in 1695. He was probably elected because of his prominence among Friends in New Castle County; the entire colony returned a decidedly Friendly delegation in 1695. But they did not have much opportunity to pursue their own legislative agenda as Governor MARKHAM soon dissolved it.[38]

The next year George was appointed to his first known local office, to collect the 1696 provincial tax in the county. The records do not contain the list for south of the Brandywine, which is where Harlan lived.[39]

Elected again to the Assembly in 1712, George didn't appear to be particularly active, as he was not named to anything in the Assembly. Like the Friends' meetings of the time, the Assembly conducted its business mostly through committees, many of them short-term appointments for a specific task.[40]

It is generally assumed that George was a farmer, which he must have been. In 1714 he had two cows, thirteen horses, and two colts. But his estate inventory also listed a number of woodworking tools that indicate more than a passing interest in this line of work. The names of these tools are not all familiar today. He owned three saws (cross cut, hand, and frame), three augers, seven planes, one screw tarkel, five "wimbels bitts" and one "gimblet", and a dozen "Chezsells & gouges". As there were no banks as we know them, neighbors borrowed money from each other as needed. At the time of his death George held "book debt" of £51.17.00. He also held a bond for £50 sterling from Nathan MATLACK or Maddock (who witnessed George's will) to be repaid at £10 a year for five years, £46 from John BATTIN and Samuel HEALD (the father of George's daughter-in-law), and £100 from his son Aaron.[41]

George shared the typical desire of folks living in the Delaware Valley at that time to acquire additional land for his children. But George's desires were complicated by living so near the border between the upper and lower counties of Pennsylvania, which was not yet clearly defined. His purchase of 700 acres was discovered to be within the boundaries of land set aside for Laetitia PENN's manor, so he had to clear her title. Later he fenced an Indian town (presumably so his livestock wouldn't get into their fields) and when the Native inhabitants moved he obtained in 1701 a warrant for 200 acres on the site of the town, on the east side of the Brandywine, approximately across from his second plantation. This he transferred to his son-in-law Samuel HOLLINGSWORTH (husband of Hannah). The grant was given "in regard of the great trouble and charge he has bore in fencing and maintaining the same for the said Indians while living thereon."[42] He also bought a warrant for 500 acres, that he transferred to his brother Michael.[43] However, George hadn't patented his land until shortly before his death. As he felt that time approach, he wrote to James Logan, "Mortality aproches so nere, that I would setle my consernes as much as in me lyes for the Quetness of me Children." A week later the patent was issued, and in March he divided his Chester County real estate among his sons Moses, James, and Joshua, and his son-in-law William WEBB.[44] On 1 March 1713/4 George deeded 203 acres to his son-in-law William Webb (husband of Rebecca) for £30. On 9 March he deeded 200 acres each to his sons James and Joshua "in consideration of the Natural Affection & fatherly love" and "for divers good causes and valuable considerations".[45]

George could look back on his outward life with some satisfaction, but his children gave him cause for concern. The first was his eldest son, Ezekiel who in 1700/1 received grudging permission to marry the first time, although he had not sought his father's advice as he was expected to do, and "proceeded with the young woman contrary to Truths order".[46] In 1709/10 George's daughter Rebekah had engaged herself without her father's permission to John HEALD who confessed his error in "kissing her the said Rebeckah or holding her upon the bed when she was thrown whereon I lay."[47] The engagement was broken and Rebekah eventually married William WEBB. George's son Aaron and Aaron's wife Sarah (Heald)'s first child was born only five months after their wedding, for which they were disowned. On 5 Fourth Month [June] 1714 the meeting appointed a Friend to speak to George about his daughter Deborah's marriage. The meeting minuted on 20 Fourth Month 1714 that "George Harlan gave indifferent satisfaction to Friends who spoke with him, but considering his circumstances and weakness of body[, Friends] are willing to pass it at present."[48] The problem was that Deborah insisted on marrying a man whom the meeting found insufficiently cleared of a charge of passing counterfeit money. [49] George's son James was disowned in 1716 for accomplishing his marriage "by a priest".[50] Sweetening the mix, in the eyes of the world if not of Friends, two of George's sons-in-law served in the Pennsylvania legislature.

George wrote his will 21 Second Month [April] 1714. Isaac Taylor was paid £8 18s for "Physic" during George's final illness. In his will George specified that his son Aaron was to receive the clock and "Great Brass Kettle", and his brother Michael was bequeathed the "young Susquhanna Mare", and his maid, Mary Matthews, was released from the rest of her indenture and given "one cow & calf and a young mare not less than three yeares old." After all his debts and the above legacies were paid, he directed that his personal property be divided equally among his children, "Sons & Daughters share & share alike". His real estate had already been disposed of among his heirs. George asked that his body be "buried by my deare wife in the new burying place on Alphonsus Kirks land". He named his sons Ezekiel and Aaron executors, with his brother Michael and son-in-law Samuel HOLLINGSWORTH as trustees to assist the executors. The will was probated 2 October 1714. His personal estate (including horses, tools, bonds, and everything but real estate) was valued at £355.12.00.[51]

The children of George and Elizabeth (Duck) Harlan:[52]

  1. EzekielA, b. 16/7m[6m]/1679 in Ireland; d. 15/4m/1731 of smallpox in England; m(1) 1700/1 at Chichester MM Mary BEZER, daughter of William and Sarah (COOLE); Mary d. 1702 shortly after the birth of a son:
    a) William, b. 9/1/1702; d. 10/22/1783; m. 12/14/1721 Margaret FARLOW.
    Ezekiel m(2) in 1705/6 Ruth BUFFINGTON (she d. Jan. 1743/4 in Kennett). Ezekiel received grudging permission to marry the first time, although he had not sought his father's advice and "proceeded with the young woman contrary to Truths order".[mtg rec] Ezekiel and Ruth lived in Kennett, where he was a farmer on substantial land throughout Chester and adjoining counties. He was appointed constable for Kennett in 1706.[53] The wills of Ezekiel and Ruth are given in Harlan Family, 12-13; Ruth signed hers with her mark. Ezekiel was the richest man in Kennett in 1715, assessed at 12/.[54] They had 6 children:
    b) Ezekiel, b. 5/19/1707; d. 1754, m. 10/23/1724 Hannah OBORN;
    c) Mary, b. 4/12/1709; d. 4/7/1750, m. 9/28/1727 Daniel WEBB;
    d) Elizabeth, b. 5/19/1713, m. 6/8/1728 William WHITE;
    e) Joseph, b. 6/14/1721, m. 3/21/1740 Hannah ROBERTS;
    f) Ruth, b. 1/11/1723, m. 3/28/1740 Daniel LEONARD;
    g) Benjamin, b. 8/7/1729; d. 8m/1752 at sea, unmar.).[55]

  2. Hannah Harlan, b. 4/2m/1681 in Ireland; m 1701 under the care of Newark MM Samuel HOLLINGSWORTH. He was a yeoman, son of Valentine Hollingsworth, b. 1672 near Belfast in Ireland, and d. 9m 1748. Both were buried at "Old" Kennett. In 1735 Samuel was living on the west side of the Brandywine, 5 or 6 miles up from Wilmington. He was a justice of the peace. They had 5 children:
    a) Enock Hollingsworth, d. 1752, m(1) Joanna CROWLEY, m(2) Betty (Chadds) PYLE;
    b) John Hollingsworth, m. 1m [March] 1732 at Kennett MM Mary REED;
    c) Samuel Hollingsworth, d. 1751, m. Barbara SHEWIN;
    d) George Hollingsworth, d. before 1748, bur. at Newark, unmar.;
    e) Betty Hollingsworth, m. 11/1/1734 at Kennett, Henry GREEN;[56]

  3. Moses Harlan, b. 20/12m/1683; d. 1747; m. 1712 Margaret RAY, "spinster" who had come from Lurgan MM on certificate received at Newark MM 1m/7/1713. Taxed 4/2d in 1715 Kennett tax list.[57] They lived on a farm in Kennett until moving to London Grove, and then in 1738 into Lancaster (now Adams) Co. Moses received 280 acres from his father, of which he conveyed 180 acres on 4m/5/1727 to Henry WOODWARD. On 9 Oct. 1745 he obtained a patent for 855 acres on the upper fork of the Conewago Creek in Menallen Twp. Two years later he and Margaret conveyed 250 acres of it to their son-in-law John BLACKBURN, on 21 July 1747. Moses signed his will 10/10/1747, and it was filed for probate on 3/27/1749. They had 2 daughters:
    a) Mary, d. 28 June 1753; m. John COX 9 Ninth Mo [Oct.] 1735 in Kennett MM; he was b. 3 July 1698.
    b) Rebecca, d. 3/30/1766; m. 1740 John BLACKBURN.[58]

  4. Aaron Harlan, b. 24/10m/1685 in Ireland; d. 9m/1732; m. 1713/4 Sarah HEALD;

  5. Rebekah Harlan, b. in Delaware 17/8m/1688; m. 22/1m/1709/10 at Kennett Mtg William WEBB. He was a yeoman, farmer, justice of the peace, and member of the Assembly. But first Rebekah had engaged herself without her father's permission to John HEALD who confessed his error in "kissing her the said Rebeckah or holding her upon the bed when she was thrown whereon I lay." Sounds a bit like adolescent hijinks, with more serious consequences. William Webb listed for a tax of 4/2d in 1715.[59] They had one child:
    a) William Webb, 13/11m/1710-1764; m. 23/9m/1732 Elizabeth HOOPES.[60]

  6. Deborah Harlan, b. 28/8m/1690 in Delaware; d. _; m.1709/10 at "Old" Kennett Joshua CALVERT, probably the son of John and Judith (STAMPER) Calvert, b. 18/8m/1680 in Lurgan, Armagh.[61] Deborah insisted on marrying a man whom the mtg found insufficiently cleared of a charge of passing counterfeit money.[62]

  7. James Harlan, b. 19/8m/1692; d._; m. 1715/6 "by a priest" Elizabeth__. The family lived on 200 acre farm given to him by his father on 6/1m [March] 1713 on the south side of the Brandywine in Chester County. Then about 1727 they removed to Nantmeal Twp in northwest Chester Co. on 500 acres. On 7/4m/1731 he conveyed this land to James GIBBONS, and probably removed to Frederick Co., Va, although this is not proved.[63] James owed a tax of 2/6d in 1715.[64] In 1744 James Harlan came with his family from Kennet MM and settled on the east side of Back Creek Mountain in what is now Berkeley Co., WV. With his son George he suffered much during the French and Indian War for witnessing to Friends peace testimony. They were subject to fines and imprisonment, but steadfastly maintained Friends' principles, and were much respected among Friends. They were members of Tuscaroras Meeting and buried in the graveyard that adjoined the meeting house. [65] They had 10 children:
    a) John Harlan, b. 2 Jan. 1716, m. Martha ASHBY;
    b) George Harlan, b. 22 Feb. 1718/9, m. Ann HUNT; their son James m. Sarah CALDWELL and were the grand parents of associate justice of the US Supreme Court John Marshall Harlan.
    c) James Harlan, b. 20 July 1721, m. Dinah (Harlan) DAVIS, a cousin, the daughter of George, son of Michael; she was the widow of Robert Davis (m. 1741);
    d) Philip Harlan, b. 21 Sept. 1723; d. 1723/4.
    e) Jacob Harlan, b. last of 9m/1725);
    f) Stephen Harlan;
    g) Moses Harlan, m. Eleanor RAWLINGS;
    h) Aaron Harlan, unmar., d. in Frederick Co., Va.;
    i) Hannah Harlan,
    j) Elizabeth Harlan, d. in infancy.

  8. Elizabeth Harlan, b. 9/8m/1694; m. 12/9m/1712 (or 1713) at Kennett Mtg Joseph ROBINSON of Christiana Hundred. They settled in Chester Co. and were both buried at "Old" Kennett. Joseph d. by 15 Jan. 1754 when his eldest son said his father had left 7 children; Elizabeth filed accounts with the court on 27 April 1754 showing a balance of £2,549. They had 7 children:
    a) George Robinson, b. 5/3m/1715, m. 1742 Hannah GREGG;
    b) Ann Robinson, b. 20/4m/1717, m. 27/2m/1737 Samuel GREGG;
    c) Rebecca Robinson, b. 28/5m/1719, d. 9/12m/1765, m. 2/2/1740 Alexander SEATON;
    d) Rachel Robinson, 12/9m/1721-25/7m/1798, m1 Joseph MENDENHALL, m2 Thomas UNDERHILL;
    e) Mary Robinson, b. 5/12m/1723; m. 19/10m/1745 William KIRK;
    f) Martha Robinson, 28/11m/1725-21/5m/1766, m. 31/8m/1745 Isaac MENDENHALL;
    g) Ruth (b. 29/11m/1727).[66]

  9. Joshua Harlan, b. 15/11m/1696/7 in Delaware; d. 5m [June or July] 1744, bur. "Old" Kennett; m. 1m/1719 at "Old" Kennett Mary HEALD; she was b. 15/11m/1697 in Cheshire, daughter of Samuel and Mary (BANCROFT) Heald, and sister of Sarah who married Joshua's older brother Aaron. Listed for a tax of 2/6d in 1715,[67] Joshua was named constable for Kennett Twp, 1734,[68] and Overseer of the Poor, 1730.[69] Signed the petition requesting incorporation for Willing-town, or Wilmington, in 1740.[70] Joshua was given 200 acres by his father on 9/1m [March] 1713/4 where they lived the rest of their lives. A log house was constructed ca. 1715-1720. It was added to in 1835 and more recently, and is now at 205 Fairville Road in Chadds Ford, Penna., and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Joshua's estate was valued at £537.04.8. They had 7 children:
    a) Deborah, b. 15/11m/1720; d. in Wilmington, Del.; m. 19/4m/1738 Thomas EVANS;
    b) Joseph, b. 17/5m/1723; d. 22/12m/1803, m(1) 1747 Edith PYLE; m(2) a cousin Sarah (Harlan) HOPE daughter of George, son of Aaron, she was b. 1746 and m. Thomas Hope 26/7m/1764;
    c) Joshua, b. 17/4m/1726; d. 11/9m/1804, m. 28/9m/1748 Abigail GREEN;
    d) Samuel, b. 1/11m/1730; d. 26/11m/1811, m. 9/9/1762 Sarah WEST;
    e) Sarah, d. 1749; m. 1748 James PYLE;
    f) Rebecca,
    g) Caleb,[71]

Second Generation

Aaron2 Harlan was born 24 Tenth Month? October? 1685 in Donnahlong Parish, County Down, Ulster Province, Ireland. Hedied in 1732 in Kennett Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. Aaron emigrated to Pennsylvania with his parents at the age of two years. He married 2 November 1713 in Newark Meeting, New Castle County, Sarah HEALD. She was born 19 Fifth Month? May? 1692 in Mobberly, Cheshire, the daughter of Samuel and Mary (BANCROFT) Heald. [See an explanation of Old Style Dates, which if not carefully copied can be confused in secondary sources.]

The wedding of Aaron and Sarah was not entirely within the usual good order of Friends. It started out, as the minutes record on 5 Tenth Month [December] 1713 with Aaron Harlan and Sarah Heald appearing before the meeting to make known their intentions of marriage. Samuel GREAVE and [crossed out] was named to a clearness committee for Aaron, and also was charged to speak to George Harlan "to enquire his reasons for not being at this meeting to signify his mind in relation to his son's marriage and to desire him to appear or else to signify his mind in writing to ye next meeting." The minutes do not make any hint of why George was perhaps unhappy or at least reluctant to give his approval to his son's marriage. At the next meeting, held 2 Eleventh Month 1713 Aaron Harlan and Sarah Heald came for the second time before Friends, and "there appearing nothing to hinder they are left at their liberty to accomplish their intentions according to ye good order of truth." Thomas Holling and Samuel Graves were named to a marriage oversight committee. The following month, 6 Twelfth Month 1713/4, it was reported that the marriage had been accomplished on 5 First Month [March] 1713/4 in an orderly way.[72]

However, that was not the end of it. At a monthly meeting held 20 Fourth Month [June] 1714 it was reported that the wife of Aaron Harlan "is delivered of a child about five months and some few days after marriage, [so] Samuel Greaver and Alfonsus Kirk is desired to speak to him and desire him to appear at our next meeting to answer what is charged against him."[73]

On 3 Sixth Month [August] 1714 Aaron Harlan appeared, and the minutes note that "he doth own the having to doe with her that now is his wife before marriage" and "he saith he did amiss now this meeting considering the evil such practice in is selfe and it effect doe declare that we cannot countenance it nor the like practice, declaring that we cannot have unity with the actors thereof but disowne both the action and the actors ordering that a publick testimony be drawn up against the said Aron disowning him until he return by unfeigned repentence." So a document was drawn up and Samuel Greaves and Alfonsus Kirk "is appointed to read it to them and likewaise in their particular meeting before next monthly meeting. And William Horn and Joel Bailey likewise in Kennett meeting."[74]

Aaron built a log house which has been identified as standing on the east side of route 52 between the railroad crossing and Fairville-Cossart Road.[75]

The taxes charged to inhabitants of Kennett in 1715 varied from 12/ owed by Ezekiel Harlan, to 1/ assessed on Edmund Butcher. Aaron was listed for 5/6d. His father-in-law, Samuel Heald, owed 2/.[76]

Aaron was named constable for Kennett Township for 1716.[77] He was one of two Overseers of the Poor in 1729.[78]

Eventually Aaron and Sarah wanted to be reconciled with Friends and rejoin the meeting. On 4 Eighth Month 1728 the meeting minuted that "Aaron Harlan and his wife produced a testimony against their outgoings to this meeting which is read as satisfaction and appoints Joseph Mendenhall to read it in Kennett first day next and make report next month." The ink is too faded to read it in its entirely, but the main points are clear. The couple admitted they committed

such folly as to be unlawfully concerned with each other before marriage and thereby brought trouble and disgrace upon ourselves and trouble upon our friends and also given occasion for the way of truth to be evil spoken of which we have been deeply affected with sorrow and trouble of mind for these several years and cannot be easy without giving this forth as a testimony against our outgoings and for the clearing the truth and friends[,] hoping for the future to walk more circumspectly and not to doe any thing that may bring reproach upon the gospel truth, witness our hands,
                  Aaron Harlan, Sarah Harlan.[79]

Aaron signed his will 5 May 1732. It was probated 2 October 1732. In it he made provision for his wife, including use of the real estate until their son George should become 21 years old. At that time George would receive the dwelling house plus 300 acres, "being the last part of my tract on the Brandywine". When son Samuel became 21, he was to receive the west part of said tract, surveyed by Zachariah Butcher and containing 230 acres. When son Aaron turned 21 he was to get the plantation at Kennet where George's father-in-law presently lived. Son Jacob was to get an equal portion of estate as either of the above sons, when he became 21. Daughter Charity received a grey filly. Daughters Mary and Elizabeth were each to get £20 when they turned 21. He directed that his lands be valued and the sons' shares made equal. He named as executors his wife, and friends (brother-in-law) Samuel Hollingsworth and Samuel Pyle, and brother Joshua Harlan.[80]

For Sarah's will, see the Heald Line. She was illiterate, signing with her mark.[81]

Children of Aaron and Sarah (Heald) Harlan:[82]

  1. Charity Harlan3, b. 1714, m(1) 1731 Joseph HACKNEY; m(2) 1746 Francis BALDWIN.

  2. George Harlan, b. 1716, d. 1749, m. 27/3m/1736 Elizabeth HOPE;

  3. Mary Harlan, b. 1718, m(1) 1734 Owen EVANS (he d. 1747) had 3 children; m(2) 1748 Hugh LAUGHLIN, had 6 daughters, one of whom, Rebecca, m. her first cousin, John Hackney, son of Mary's sister Charity.[82a]

  4. Elizabeth Harlan, b. 1720, d. in Union District, South Carolina; m. 1743 Valentine HOLLINGSWORTH;

  5. Samuel Harlan, b. 1722, m. 1745 Elizabeth HOLLINGSWORTH; he was named an overseer of the poor, 1751 and 1761;[83]

  6. Aaron Harlan, b. 1724, d. 1798, m. 3m/1746 Sarah HOLLINGSWORTH;

  7. Jacob Harlan, b. 1726; d.y., bur. Kennett.

Third Generation

Charity3 Harlan was born in 1713/14 in Kennett Township, Chester County, Pennsylvania. She married on November 1731 Joseph HACKNEY. Their marriage was included in the records of Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington (Old Swede's Church)[84]. If they were actually married there, out of Friends' order, then they would have been dealt with—although this was before the reform movement gathered strength. In any event, they both seem to have been in good standing with Friends when Joseph died in 1745 and was buried in Old Centre burial ground in New Castle, and when Charity remarried.

After Joseph's death, Charity married for a second time at the same church in November 1746 Francis BALDWIN, son of Francis and __ (COBOURNE) Baldwin of Chester County. Charity was disowned by Centre Monthly Meeting in Fourth Month [June] 1747 "for accomplishing her marriage by a Priest to one not in unity with Friends."[85]

Charity went with Francis back to Chester County until about 1760 when they removed to a part of Frederick County, Virginia, that is now Berkeley County, West Virginia.[86] As she was no longer a Friend, there is no mention of her in Hopewell Meeting records.

Francis and Charity both died in 1764 and were buried at Green Springs Meeting in Berkeley County.[87]

Children of Joseph and Charity (Harlan) Hackney:

  1. Sarah4 Hackney, b. 20 Feb. 1733 in Newcastle; presumably d. y. as she has a younger sister named Sarah. I am also assuming that it is the younger girl who lived to adulthood and married Morris REESE.

  2. Charity Hackney, b. 20 Feb. 1733 in Newcastle; d. in Frederick Co., Va.; unmarried.

  3. Mary Hackney, b. 16 Dec. 1735 in New Castle; m. __ LAMBERT; removed to Cane Creek, NC 1754.[88]

  4. Aaron Hackney, b. 12 Aug. 1738 in New Castle; d. 8 Aug. 1806; m(1) 6/11m/1764 Lydia REESE; m(2) 1768 Hannah Gregg.[89]

  5. Sarah Hackney, b. 17 Nov. 1740 in New Castle; d. between 1763 and 1766 in Frederick Co., Va.; m. Morris REES. [90] They moved to Frederick Co, Va. in 1753.[91] Then it becomes a little ambiguous as there are several heads of family named Morris Rees who removed into or from Hopewell meeting. Morris Rees, wife and child, went on a certificate of removal from Fairfax MM to Hopewell MM 22/10m/1759; Morris Rees, wife, & son Thomas cert of rem from E. Nottingham to Hopewell 21/1m/1760.[92] Morris Rees Jr. cert from Nottingham requested 16/12m/1750 but delayed because he was tardy paying his subscription of £5 towards rebuilding mtg hse; obstruction removed and cert signed 18/4m/1752. OR Morris Rees, wife, and two younger children, Hannah and Thomas, cert signed at Nottingham 18/8m/1753 OR Morris Rees the Elder & wife, cert signed at Hopewell 6/12m/1756; received at Nottingham 18/12m/1756.[93] In late Dec. 1760 Daniel Stanton, travelling in the ministry, reported "the next meeting was at Maurice ReesÕs, in which there appeared to be a necessity for an amendment in the way of truth;"[94] In the spring of 1764 Hopewell granted liberty, on request, to Friends on and around Mill Creek to hold meetings for worship at the dwelling house of Morris Rees, Sr. on First days. Two years later (1766) at the request of Friends at Tuscarora and Mill Creek, they were indulged to have meeting every other First day, alternately between the home of Morris Rees Jr and old Providence mtg hse [Tuscarora] during winter season.[95] Thomas Rees, son of Morris and Sarah, mar Margaret Rees, dau of Thomas and Margaret, 14/7m/1763 at their public mtg in Frederick Co.[96] When their son Jacob was mar to Hannah Kirk, dau of Roger and __ (dec'd), on 11/12m/1766, Sarah was also noted as dec'd.[97]

  6. Joseph Hackney, Jr., b. 25/3m [Mar.?] 1743 in New Castle; d. 10/2m/1817 in Frederick Co., Va., and bur. in Friends cemetery, Greene Springs, Frederick Co.; m. 20/7m [July] 1768 Martha McCOOL or McCoole, the daughter of James and Ann (WRIGHT) McCool.

  7. John Hackney, b. 6/10m or 23 Nov. 1744 in Wilmington, New Castle Co.; d. 6/5m May 1809 in Friendsville, Blount Co., Tenn.; m. Rebecca (Lothland) LINDLEY.[98]

  8. Rebecca Hackney, m. James JENKINS;[99]

  9. Bathsheba, m. __ McKAY, went to near Nashville, TN;[100]

  10. Betsey, m __ STONE; moved to near Greensburg, Fayette Co., Pa.;[101]

  11. Lydia, m __ GUTHERIE, moved to Ohio;[102]

To continue the story of this family, go to the Hackney page.

If you have additions or corrections to this web page, I would be delighted to hear from you. Contact me via e mail at .

Go to the index of other lines that are included in this website (not all of them have been posted yet).

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This page was posted 12/29/2007, and updated most recently on 2m/8/2014.


Notes and Sources

The full bibliographical citation is given the first time a source is mentioned, but is not repeated each time that source is cited. Scroll up til you find the first mention and there you will find the complete citation.

  1. By 5/28/2007 this URL no longer functioned and scores of entries for a James Harland, "Birth/Christening 1580" are offered for sale on a lot of different CDs.

  2. When I checked FamilySearch on 12/26/2007 there were 95 entries for the "birth/christening" of James Harland in Durham, with dates conjectured from "abt. 1566" to "abt. 1583". None offered any documentation or proof. The term "abt" on FamilySearch seems to be short for "this is my guess".

  3. See his Historia ecclesiastica gentis Anglorum (The Ecclesiastical History of the English People).

  4. Alpheus H. Harlan, comp., History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family and Particularly of the Descendants of George and Michael Harlan Who Settled in Chester County, Pa., 1687 (Baltimore: Gateway Press, 1987) reprint of 1914 original, 2-3. Some of the earlier parts of the book are now available on the Harlan Family website at See also the web site, citing History, Topography and Directory of Durham (Whellan, London, 1894).


  6. Harlan, Harlan Family, 2. This seems to me to be an accurate and fair way to state the degree of certainty surrounding James's parentage. An IGI "ancestral file" covers several bases by claiming both William, son of James, and Richard, son of John, as his father, and that James's wife was Alice Foster.

  7. seen 5/28/2007.

  8. Harlan, Harlan Family, 2. Because it was legally required, however, does not necessarily prove that James was a loyal or even willing participant in the established church services.

  9. Harlan, Harlan Family, 1.

  10. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House (Phila.: Walter H. Jenkins, 1910), 80.

  11. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House (Phila.: Walter H. Jenkins, 1910), 82.

  12. Harlan, Harlan Family, 7-8;

  13. Kennett/Newark MM rec., as quoted in Abert Cook Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers into Pennsylvania 1682-1750 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1969), 320; also in Harlan, Harlan Family, 2.

  14. This is an extensive Hoopes web page that gives a line for Elizabeth's mother, Hannah Hoopes, back five generations, but supplies no sources or documentation. I have not yet been able to check this for myself.

  15. Joseph Besse, A Collection of the Sufferings of the People Called Quakers, 2 vols. (London: L. Hinde, 1753).

  16. This is supported by the name Ezekiel given to Elizabeth's first born son. Ordinarily Friends marriage certificates included the names of the parents of the couple. That they were not included for George and Elizabeth perhaps hints that the parents were not Friends, or that the couple was considerably older (which does not seem to be the case here).

  17. I am grateful that William Marion Harlan (Missouri) and Arthur Chapman (Portadown, Northern Ireland) sought and obtained permission from Irish Friends to get a copy of the marriage certificate from the Public Records Office in Belfast, Northern Ireland and post it on the Harlan web site. See a digital image of the marriage certificate. See also the Marriage Book of Lurgan MM, 91, as quoted by Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 320, which does not have all the signatures; and Harlan Family, 2, which misquotes the date of the marriage—an error that is repeated on almost every Harlan genealogy that appears on the web.

  18. Horle, ed., Bio. Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407 citing William Stockdale, "A Great Cry of Oppression". Also in Harlan, Harlan Family, 2. There is no mention of any sufferings by any Harlans, in Joseph Besse's Sufferings.

  19. Kennett MM records p. 392, (MR Ph 267, Friends Historical Library, Swarthmore College). The family is not included in the Early Chester County Arrivals Index (1681-1698): Chester County, PA.

  20. Harlan, Harlan Family, 3.

  21. Sketch map showing Harlan Family Sites, by Martha V. Smith, given to MJPG on 18 Feb. 2001.

  22. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407.

  23. Harlan, Harlan Family, 2.

  24. Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 321.

  25. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 30, quoting the study by Samuel Smith who began collecting data in 1752 and published the incomplete work ca. 1772.

  26. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 95; Quaker Roots, 15, 16.

  27. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407.

  28. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407.

  29. Sketch map showing Harlan Family Sites, by Martha V. Smith, given to MJPG on 18 Feb. 2001. There is a painting by Jamie Wyeth in the Brandywine River Museum of a pumpkin field, one of which has glowing jack-o'lantern eyes. The painting is entitled "Hillgirt Farm" at or near Chadds Ford (completed in 2000). "Selected Chronology of James Wyeth", seen 5/28/2007 on

  30. Norma Jacob, ed., Quaker Roots: The Story of Western Quarterly Meeting of Philadelphia Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (1980), 14.

  31. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 94.

  32. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 94.

  33. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 96.

  34. Jacob, Quaker Roots, 16.

  35. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 94.

  36. Michener, A Retrospect of Early Quakerism, 95.

  37. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  38. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407.

  39. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407.

  40. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  41. Harlan, Harlan Family, 6-7.

  42. Myers, Immigration of the Irish Quakers, 321?; Harlan, Harlan Family, 4. See sketch map showing Harlan Family Sites, by Martha V. Smith, given to MJPG on 18 Feb. 2001.

  43. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  44. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  45. Harlan, Harlan Family, 5.

  46. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, as quoted by Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  47. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, as quoted by Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  48. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, Friends Historical Library.

  49. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  50. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, as quoted by Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408.

  51. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:408 citing CW Bk A 1:7-8 and Myers Immigration, 195n, 217; Harlan, Harlan Family, 5-6 reprints the will, and 6-7 the estate inventory.

  52. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:407, 408; History and Genealogy of the Harlan Family, (Balt.: Gateway Press, 1987 reprint of 1914), p. 2; Kennett MM rec, p. 279, MR Ph 267 FHL. ; bi-cen, 45. Dates in brackets are from Harlan, Harlan Family.

  53. Harlan, Harlan Family, 12; Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 82.

  54. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80.

  55. Harlan, Harlan Family, 11.

  56. Harlan, Harlan Family, 16.

  57. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80.

  58. Harlan, Harlan Family, 15-16.

  59. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80.

  60. Harlan, Harlan Family, 18.

  61. Harlan, Harlan Family, 18.

  62. Horle? Mtg rec? John and his wife Jane Calvert, early settlers in the original Orange Co., Va. had no son named Joshua listed in John's will, probated 28 June 1739. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, assisted by John Wayland, ed., Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, Frederick County, Virginia (Strasburg, Va.: Shenandoah Publishing House, Inc.), 12, 30.

  63. Harlan, Harlan Family, 19-20, 21. The records of Hopewell Meeting were burned in 1759.

  64. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80.

  65. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, assisted by John Wayland, ed., Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 184-85.

  66. Harlan, Harlan Family, 20.

  67. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80.

  68. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 83.

  69. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 82.

  70. Ferris, A History of the Original Settlements on the Delaware, 207.

  71. Harlan, Harlan Family, 20-21, 35.

  72. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, FHL, Swarthmore.

  73. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739, FHL, Swarthmore.

  74. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739.

  75. Sketch map showing existing Harlan houses, by Martha V. Smith, 18 Feb. 2001, or one made by her at an earlier time and a copy given to MJPG. I suspect the earlier map is probably the more accurate. I have not had an opportunity to check the actual locations.

  76. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 80-81.

  77. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 82.

  78. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 83.

  79. Newark (Kennett) MM minutes 1686-1739.

  80. Horle, Dic. of Penna. Legis., 1:40_, citing Will Book A:381.

  81. Harlan, Harlan Family, 16.

         82a. My thanks to Dana Adams for this information, e mails Aug. 2012.

  82. Bi-Centennial of Old Kennett Meeting House, 83.

  83. Old Swedes Church began as a Swedish Lutheran congregation in 1638. The area was surrendered to the Dutch in1655, who would not let the Swedes build a Lutheran church. In 1664 the English conquered the Delaware valley area. After the Revolution it was placed under the jurisdiction of the Protestant Episcopal Church, in 1791. seen 5/28/2007.

  84. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  85. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  86. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  87. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  88. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  89. Sarah married Morris Rees, according to Karen Gerlach.

  90. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  91. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, assisted by John Wayland, ed., Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 406.

  92. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, assisted by John Wayland, ed., Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 61, 62.

  93. Stanton's Life, Travels, etc as quoted in Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 100.

  94. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 78. But on p. 219 it says Mill Creek, now Berkeley Co., W Va., 8 familieswere granted a mtg for worship 1/2m/1761 at home of Morris Rees Sr., and on p. 545 it says "1759 Friends' meeting on Mills's Creek".

  95. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 245,

  96. Joint Committee of Hopewell Friends, Hopewell Friends History, 1734-1934, 247.

  97. Harlan, Harlan Family, 34.

  98. Harlan, Harlan Family, 35.

  99. Harlan, Harlan Family, 35.

  100. Harlan, Harlan Family, 35.

  101. Harlan, Harlan Family, 35.

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