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© Paul R. Swan    8 Jul 2013 12:58 Return to Home Page Hide All Notes Swan~Hartzell Family History


b 1770      
b 1770      
b 1798      d 1841
b 1795      d 1859
b 1827      d 1909
b 1839      d 1922
b 1874      d 1937
b 1875      d 1949
b 1903      d 1953
b 1903      d 1989
b 1929      
b 1930      d 1998


Our family sources of knowledge concerning our immigrants James W. Swan and his mother Ann, and their ancestors, are a history written by Hattiebel and Jean Swan, granddaughters of James by his son Hamilton, and genealogical notes recently found which had been written by our uncle Albert Swan, grandson of James W. by his son James Albert. The sisters recorded stories handed down in the family in a manuscript entitled “The Story of Mary Alice”, [Swan and Swan, 1939], written for the daughter born 1939 to their first cousin Don Swan and his wife Percita Waggoner. The handwritten document is neither dated nor signed, but it will be referred to informally, hereafter, as the work of “Hattie and Jean”. We are indebted to Mary Alice (Swan) Black for making available to us a copy of this manuscript, so central to any knowledge of our Swan ancestry in Great Britain.
The notes written by Albert (Swan, Undated) were discovered by our cousin Vickie (Dial) Smith in papers left by Albert's widow after her death in 1983. They provide information primarily about our immigrant James W. that we could have found nowhere else, and provide the basis for a wonderful story concerning how James W. met his future wife. Many of the details from these two sources have been verified and expanded by primary source documents, but without those two family records those primary sources would never have been found. These written versions of an oral history handed down over several generations exemplify the value to the genealogist of information existing within the family itself.
The family history by Hattie and Jean, in three chapters and three charts, tells the story of Ann Morrison and her life with her mother and British Army father, of Charles Swan, a son born in India to Mary and William Swan, Sergeant-Major in the British Army, and of the life of Charles and Ann together in Hulme, a suburb of Manchester, England. Although there are some internal inconsistencies, and probably other imprecise details such as exist in any oral family history, the “flavor” of the story seems authentic, and extensive passages are quoted here to preserve the essence of this valuable work of Hattie and Jean.
Working from the facts in that document, the 1841 and 1851 British censuses were searched and our Swan family members found, and the parish records in Hulme also searched, but with ambiguous results. British Army records were also consulted with questionable success in an attempt to document William's service and Charles' birth in India. The details from these primary sources are presented in the appropriate places below.
Before commencing the Swan history with William, we extract here a short sentence from a quote given more fully below by his wife Mary: "There have been enough Swan menfolk in the army.” Taking this as a hint, it is at least of passing interest to see if any earlier generation Swans can be found in the army records. Of course, it is likely that William's predecessors would also have been enlisted men, and finding and identifying those may be extremely difficult, if not impossible, from army records alone.
However, English Army Lists, compiled by Charles Dalton, does include three Swans who served as officers in the first half of the eighteenth century. Cornelius Swan was an ensign in a Regiment of Foot as early as 1694, and a Lieutenant in the Coldstream Guards by 1697. He was Lieutenant Colonel when his name appeared on the Malplaquet Roll of 1709 in a “Liste of Officiers Anglois Tués et Faits Prisonniers à la Bataille D’Almanza”, and served several more years as ensign (aide) to senior officers before leaving the reginment in July of 1713. In that same regiment in 1705 was a William Swan, ensign in 1708, and Lieutenant Colonel by 1738. He was in Flanders in 1745, and was "believed to have been at Fontenoy”. Considering their particular years of service in the Coldstream Guards, Cornelius and William might well have been father and son.
In another regiment, the Royal Scots Fusiliers, we find Charles Swan, a 2nd Lieutenant in 1704, and so a contemporary of William, above. He was a Lieutenant in his last appearance in the Malplaquet Roll of the Royal Scots in 1728. The chance of any of these three being ancestors of our William is practically nil, but coincidences do occur, and it seems not inappropriate to at least mention them here.
It is also of interest to speculate as to how our Swan lineage came to find itself in Ireland. Although the various records we have so far are not completely consistent in detail, it seems clear from the 1841 census that some of the children of Charles and Anne were born in Ireland before the family came to England about 1825. Why Charles would have settled in Ireland is unclear, but implies at least the possibility that his father William was also of that country while he was serving in the English Army.
It is known that several Swans took up land in Ireland after the failure of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 against Cromwell [O'Hart, 1884]. Names showing in the various records include Nicholas, Thomas and Edward Swane, as well as Thomas, Edward and John Swan. Nicholas "transplanted" into Limerick in 1653/54, and the two Thomas's and Edward Swane were Commissioned Officers who received land for having served King Charles prior to 5 June 1649. The name of Edward Swan (possibly the same as Edward Swane) shows up over the longest period. He received or purchased land in 1661-65, was declared innocent of rebelling against Cromwell in 1662 (so his land wasn't forfeit), was granted land under the Williamite Confiscations in 1688, and purchased an estate under the same law in 1702/03. If these are all records of the same man, then he must have been born in about the 1620s. This would place him four or five generations before our William.

William Swan  &  Mary Honeywell
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Top  

William Swan was born abt 1760/1770. 
William was married to Mary. 
Mary Honeywell was born abt 1760/1770 in Wales. 

IMAGE: Swan.jpg
According to Hattie and Jean, William and Mary's son Charles was born somewhere between 1790 and 1798. This is the earliest useful date we have to work with, and from it we estimate that William and Mary were born not much later than 1770, and possibly a decade earlier, as they had four sons altogether.
From Hattie and Jean's family history we read:
"William Swan was a sergeant-major in the army. Later when William Swan retired from the army he had more years of service to his credit than he had years of age because one year served in India counted as two. When he retired he received three shillings or almost a dollar a day as his pension. This was big money in those days.
"Before William came back to England he fought under an American born British General from Boston, by the name of Putman (Putnam?). This was when they were fighting the French in India." I've been unable to find any other reference of such an officer serving in the British Army in India, so this statement has to remain mysterious.
"Later, in the year 1810 at the Isle of France, William had the experience of having the men on the left of him and on his right, both shot down, but he came through unhurt."
In this battle, the English captured the Île de France, an island in the Indian Ocean east of Madagascar, which they renamed Mauritius. (It's companion island, then Bourbon, now La Réunion, remained a possession of France.) Mauritius bears modest fame as the home of the extinct dodo, gone long before the time of that battle. France had been using a base there to harass British shipping to India during the long struggle with Napoleon.
There is a record (War Office/69/62) of the British Royal Horse Artillery in 1814 which is difficult to read but intriquing. It reads, in so far as I can make out in the copy I saw:
1 Jan 1814 5th Battalion, Gr.
Swan, William
… to 5th …
July 1814

The regiments of the Royal Horse Artillery, dating from 1793, are part of the Royal Regiment of Artillery (commonly termed Royal Artillery) of the British Army. From the "History of the Royal Regiment of Artillery", Volume 1, by Francis Duncan, we read: "On the 14th August, 1794, an augmentation of five companies to the Royal Artillery was sanctioned, to be called, after organization, the Fifth Battalion. The companies were formed, —two at Plymouth and three at Woolwich, —by transfers from other battalions." In his book he records at least some of the engagements undertaken by the 5th Battalion, including the expedition of Company 9 to the Île de France:
IMAGE: Company_9_Fifth_Battalion.jpg
The War Office record for William Swan, above, four years after the Île de France battle, might have been of a transfer from one battalion to another during the process of mustering out a retired Sergeant Major for his return to England, as the date agrees approximately with what we know from Hattie and Jean's family history. It's attractive to believe that this was our William, (right name; right place and time), but that is pure surmise until more detailed records are found. It is implied by the Hattie and Jean account that William'c career had been more or less continuously in the Indian theatre of operations, and that together with the Company 9 history would require William's transfer into the Fifth Battalion sometime before 1810.
So while the information so far uncovered is intriquing, more extensive research in the British War Office and Public Record Office would have to be undertaken in order to find our ancestor's service and retirement records. This would be invaluable as they would tell us his age, occupation, the place where he was recruited into the service, and possibly the place he lived while on pension. The records of his unit would provide the times and places of the more important engagements in which he fought.
IMAGE: Intermezzo.jpg
Sometime soon after the turn of the century, 1803 or 1804 if Hattie and Jean have it right, Mary left William in India to take their son Charles to Wales. "He had never been a sturdy child and the Indian climate did not prove any too good for him." For this reason, and for his education, Mary took him to the home of a relative, Wade Honeywell, a minister and school teacher who lived in Wales.
Mary "was a very strong minded Welsh woman. She had seen enough army life and warfare to last her always. She made up her mind that just because this army business was her husband's calling it need not be her son's. To her kinsman Wade Honeywell she said, before she returned [to India], "Now is the time for military service in this family to stop. There have been enough Swan menfolk in the army. Charles will learn to do something different." Charles did. He became a baker."
This is all we know about Mary, as no other source has turned up which might add to Hattie and Jean's account. Since Charles married an Ann Morrison whose mother was a Wade, we can only hope that the given name Wade of Mary's kinsman was not a confusion in that family history.
Before Charles finished his schooling, William and Mary returned to England, but we have no knowledge as to where they settled, nor how long they lived. However, their grandson James was told tales in his youth that reveal a little more about their family: "Two of his uncles had brought the first damask loom to England from India." This is an anachronism, but the tale must have had roots in some family connection with the India-England textile trade. "Then there was the story of Uncle John Swan who had set sail for India and had never been heard of after that." This implies that there were at least four sons in the family, but their relative ages are unknown. They most probably got their education in India, as their later trading occupation indicates a knowledge of the country that would have exceeded that of Charles who left as a child. Whether they too were born in India, or in Great Britain before William went overseas, we do not know.
The four children of William and Mary (Honeywell) Swan: Charles, John, ____ and ____. 
1    Swan, Charles was born about 1790/1798.    
2    Swan, John. 
3    Swan, ____. 
4    Swan, ____. 

Charles Swan  &  Ann C. Morrison
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Top  

Charles Swan was born about 1790/1798 in India and died before 1841 in Hulme, Lancashire, England. 
Charles was married to Ann C. about 1819 in Ireland?. 
Ann C. Morrison was born 1794/1795 in Flanders, France and died about 1859 in New York, New York, New York.  She was the daughter of ____ and Mary (Wade) Morrison. 

Charles' birth year is in considerable doubt. Albert Markley Swan in his genealogical notes says that Charles (he names him incorrectly as James) was born in India, and that he died at age 49. Moreover, we know from the 1841 English census that Anne was by that date a widow. Combining these two data would imply a birth year of 1792 or earlier. Hattie and Jean say in one place in their family history [Swan and Swan, 1939] that Charles was born in India about 1795. Elsewhere, however, they say that he was taken to Wales when he was about six years old in 1803 or 1804, giving a birth year of 1796 to 1798. From all of these possibilities, I've selected 1790 to 1798 as a best guess for Charles' birth.
Charles went with his mother to the home of a relative, Wade Honeywell, a minister and school teacher, who lived in Wales. Hattie and Jean write that Charles' trip with his mother from India to Wales "was on a slow sailing boat and was a dreadfully long journey for a small boy. He thought the water would never end. He had been much awed by the sea but he was very very glad to see the land again.
"When little Charles reached Wales he looked up at the mountains and saw something he had never seen before. It was snow! Here he was in Wales now and his school days had begun." Before Charles finished his schooling his parents returned from India, some time after 1810.
We do not know the circumstances that allowed Charles and Ann to meet and marry, but it was evidently in Ireland. From the census data discussed below, we think that they had moved to England by 1826. Hattie and Jean write, "they opened a bake shop at Hulme, a suburb of Manchester, England". In the 1838-39 edition of Pigot and Sons's General, Classified, and Street Directory of Manchester and Salford, there is a Charles Swan listed at 4 John St., Hulme (pronounced Hume), but no occupation is given. (A search on google maps shows a John Street today only north of Manchester, not a mile south of the center of the city where Hulme is located.) There were as many as a dozen other Swans listed in that directory and later editions through 1852, many of them in Hulme, and any of these could be unrecognized brothers or cousins of Charles.
Ellen was born in Ireland, and Sarah in England according to the 1841 census (below). Hattie and Jean say in the text of their history that all of the children were born in Hulme, and then indicate in one of their charts that James was born in Armagh, Ireland in 1827. Albert Markley Swan in his notes says that James was born in Ireland while his parents were on a visit, but that his "home" was in Manchester. (One has to recognize that Irish ancestry was not necessarily something to be avidly claimed by descendants in Kansas.) The 1841 census clearly gives James' birth as being "in the county", i.e., Lancashire, and for the 1900 census he himself testified that he was born in England. The reference to Armagh, however, is undoubtedly in some way a valid family recollection, and might be the place where Ann and Charles were married and started their family. Probably the census data is reliable as to the family's actual move from Ireland to England.
One of the tales of his role as father concerned Charles' daughters' request to visit another church. "Ellen and Sarah Sabina… were raised in the Episcopal Church and were in the habit of going there. They had been told of the very different services being held in the Methodist Chapel and out of curiosity decided they and their friends would have fun visiting the Dissenters. However, when they asked their father's permission, Charles soberly answered "You may go to the chapel services as long as you behave yourself. Remember it is their way of worship so show respect for it." This answer took the wind out of their sails so they decided if they had to be as sober in the church of the Dissenters as they did in their own church they would not go — it would not be fun."
That the family were members of the Church of England seems natural, but it is curious that there is no record of any of the last three children being baptised in Christ Church, Hulme. There are no indexes to the parish records, but a search through all of the volumes turned up not a single reference to our Swans. Other Swans appeared, with baptisms from 1791 through 1829, one or more of whom might even have been Charles' brothers, but we have no way of establishing any relationships. The family names of the sons-in-law also appeared in those records. Bates, Hargreaves, and, to a lesser extent, Tweddle, seem to have been common names in that church, but references specifically to the daughters' husbands and children cannot be found in the church records of marriages and baptisms.
By the time that Ellen and Susan had married and moved out to their own homes, “Charles’ health had begun to fail”, according to the Hattie and Jean family history. “Then he was caught out in a drenching rainstorm and he never recovered from a bad cold which he caught. He died after a couple of years sickness.” We know from the 1841 census that Ann was a widow by that year.
IMAGE: Intermezzo.jpg
Ann Morrison was definitely raised as "an Army brat", in our more modern slang. Hattie and Jean provide two stories to illustrate this and to bracket the calendar extent of her military family life.
"Mary Alice, your great-great grandmother on the Swan side of your family was named Ann Morrison. Her mother and father were living in Flanders at the time of Ann's birth. The father of Ann Morrison was a British soldier, who was stationed there. This was in the year of 1797. ... One of the earliest things she could remember was watching the horses being watered in the cold winter mornings. She remembered this because the water froze on the nostrils of the horses, making them look very funny."
"At the time of the Battle of Waterloo Ann was a girl of eighteen. All her life she remembered these stirring times and told many stories to her children and grandchildren. One of the stories was as follows — In those days the wives and children of the soldiers kept as near to them as they could — even following them to the battlefields to carry food and to give them aid when they were hurt. On this occasion — it was at the Battle of Waterloo — the women and children were following the army in large wagons or wains, as they called them. All of a sudden there was a loud Pop-Pop. Each of the women thought that she herself had been shot and great was the excitement. It was soon found, however, that it was only the corks popping out of the bottles of spruce beer, which were being taken to the soldiers on the battle field."
These accounts need a bit of editing. Census records put Ann's birth as most likely 1795/1796, rather tha 1797. A search through the records of the British Army on the continent in the last decade of the century ('In Search of the "Forlorn Hope", A Comprehensive Guide to Locating British Regiments and Their Records’ (1640-WWI), by John M. Kitzmiller, II.) failed to turn up any regiments fighting in Flanders, or anywhere in Europe for that matter, in 1797. However, the British mounted an extensive campaign as part of the First Coalition against the French in Flanders from 1793 through March 1795. The Duke of York's army was completely defeated, and the end of this campaign for the British was comprised of a mid-winter retreat north to Bremen, Germany, to await orders to withdraw, with remnants of the Dutch, German and Austrian troops that had retreated with them, to England. Ann must have been a babe-in-arms during this arduous winter, and she and her mother, as well as her father, were fortunate to live through these times. About 20,000 of York's troops did not survive.
Before discussing the possible regiments in which Ann's father might have served, a short description of the effect on the British army at that time of the purchase system of officer appointments is illuminating. The Duke of York's Adjutant-General wrote to a colleague at home ('Britain and Her Army, 1509-1970', Corelli Barnett, Allen Lane, London, 1970):
"That we have plundered the whole country is unquestionable; that we are the most undisciplined, the most ignorant, the worst provided army that ever took the field is equally certain … there is not a young man in the Army that cares one farthing whether his commanding officer, the brigadier or the commander-in-chief approves his conduct or not. His promotion depends not on their smiles or frowns. His friends can give him a thousand pounds with which to go to the auction rooms in Charles Street and in a fortnight he becomes a captain. Out of fifteen regiments of cavalry and twenty-six of infantry which we have here, twenty-one are commanded literally by boys or idiots … we do not know how to post a picquet or instruct a sentinel in his duty; and as to moving, God forbid that we should attempt it within three miles of an enemy." That the English were driven out of Europe by the end of 1795 seems not surprising. The Duke himself was removed from office fifteen years later for a short time because of the traffic by his mistress in officer appointments.
That Ann's father fought both in Flanders and at Waterloo 18 June 1815 should serve to narrow down the list of regiments to which he might have belonged. From Kitzmiller's guide cited above, however, we find that this doesn't help very much. Out of the forty-one regiments in Flanders, fully sixteen fought as well at Waterloo, so little practical help is found in such a correlation. Finding her father's service record without even knowledge of his given name seems hopeless, unless Army records of Ann's birth could be located. There presumably would not be a surfeit of Ann Morrisons born to British soldiers in Flanders around 1795, but the chances of a record or a birth in Flanders even existing must be quite low.
That Ann Morrison's mother was Mary Wade was given in a chart by Hattie and Jean. This chart also indicates that Mary was the daughter of Kitty (Paisley) Wade, of Paisley, Scotland. This seems straightforward enough, except for a coincidence of names -- William Swan's wife Mary Honeywell had a kinsman Wade Honeywell in Wales. It is not impossible that there was a confusion of names when the chart was drawn up, and that the mother given for Mary is not correct. But if it is only a coincidence that we have a Mary, kinsman to Wade Honeywell, in one line and a Mary (Wade) Morrison in the other, then the lineages can be accepted.
The other question is whether or not Ann’s maternal grandmother was a Paisley from Paisley. This seems likely to be the result of pure assumption, or confusion, somewhere down the several generations of family oral history.
I can make no judgment on these matters one way or the other, but have to note that there are other obvious contradictions in Hattie and Jean's work, so that caution is advised. I am reporting the ancestral tree as described until some other information comes to light, one way or the other.
In 1820 Ann was given a book by her cousins Elizabeth and Jane Hughes in Wales, and she subsequently gave it to her husband Charles as a keepsake. The tale of how that book came into our hands 186 years later makes a fascinating family story.
Charles and Ann's eldest daughter Mary married young, and died leaving a son Charlie Hargreaves. He was raised in the Swan household, and grew up as a brother to the other children, being only three to five years younger than William. By the time of the census of 1841, Charles had died, and the widowed Ann was the head of her household. The family lived in "Cellars" below No. 1, Paradise Court, an interesting juxtaposition of names. The rest of the full address was St. George's Ward, township of Hulme, Borough of Manchester, hundred of Salford, county of Lancashire, England.
IMAGE: 1841_Census.GIF
1841 Census of Hulme, Manchester, England

Ann's employment was not given, but her age was 45 and she was born in Ireland. Her daughters Ellen and Sarah were both listed as aged 15, one born in Ireland and the other in Lancashire, England. (See the discussion for Ellen, below, regarding these census ages. Both also were employed as "Cotton doublers", while James, aged 14, born in Lancashire, was a "Cotton piecer". William, then about 8 to 10 years of age, was for some reason missing in that census, but Ann's grandson Charles, 4, was listed. All of the childrens' surnames were indicated with ditto marks, so Charlie was probably known as a Swan.
A curious juxtaposition of employments appears on this census page. Just above Ann's name can be seen that of John Longley, a watchmonger, and in the household before his appears Thomas Hickney, an iron founder. James Swan, then 14, later became a brass founder, and his brother William apprenticed in NYC to James' future father-in-law, Hamilton Brown, a watch glass maker. Most surely all coincidence, but interesting, nonetheless.
We know from Albert Swan's notes that James and Ann had left England for Glasgow some three years before they came to America. Indeed, in the 31 March 1851 census for Glasgow, we find (courtesy of John D. McCreadie of Glasgow, 12 Dec 2001, and now online at Ann and James residing at 7 Cheapside Street, Anderston Civil Parish, Glasgow. (This is a one-block long street ending on the River Clyde, somewhat to the west of the center of the city. Some 100 years after they lived here, the street was devastated by a fire and explosion of a bonded whisky warehouse which constituted the worst fire services disaster in Britain , with 19 responders killed. (Weirdly enough, I’m editing this account a few days after 19 fire fighters lost their lives in a forest fire here in Arizona.)
Ann, aged 55 (but I now know - 2013 - that that entry actually means an age of 55 to 59 - see discussion below for Ellen), was listed as a widow and head of household, and worked as a laundress. Her birth was recorded as “Overseas - British - France”, meaning a British subject born in France. This is documentary evidence in agreement with the family history by Hattie and Jean stating that she was born in Flanders (at that time under the control of France) while her father was serving in the army. James, age 23, was censused with her as an Iron Moulder born in England. Also in the household were Mary Devote, 34, and her three children, Angelina, Virginia and Louis, designated as lodgers. Mary's occupation was given as "domestic duties", and she was born in Italy. Thus after having left behind England and the family bakery, Ann was taking in laundry and lodgers while James worked as an apprentice iron molder in Glasgow.
The 1880 census of James and Jane Swan in Topeka, Kansas, indicates that James had immigrated in the last half of 1851, and Hattie and Jean indicate that he came with his mother, Ann. Thus William Swan came here first (he was censused in New York City in 1850), and was followed a year or so later by his mother and older brother James. Apparently Ann's grandson Charlie Hargreaves, whom she raised from infancy after her daughter Mary's early death, did not come to this country with her. He would have been around 14 or 15 years old when the family emigrated to America, and capable of earning a living at that age in industrial England, just as James was working at that age ten years earlier.
In The Famine Immigrants [Glazier, 1986] there appears an Anne Swan on the Martha's Vineyard from Glasgow which docked 27 Oct 1851. According to the genealogical notes written by Albert Markley Swan, and confirmed by Ann’s 1851 census, Glasgow is where her son James had been working as a foundryman. Albert writes that this is precisely the date (the day after her twelth birthday) when James first met Jane Brown, his future wife and daughter of his brother William's employer, Hamilton Brown. See the following section describing James’ life which verifies that he was indeed on that ship, but under an inadvertantly, but very effectively, disguised name. With that latter discovery, it is undeniably a fact that this Anne Swan is our Ann. The entire list is in one handwriting, and it is more than likely that the purser simply spelled her given name the way he was used to spelling it.
The City Directories then trace Ann in New York. "Ann Swan, widow of Charles", lived at 648 Houston in 1852–53 and 1853–54. Houston crosses the Bowery right where her son William's shop was located, and to the west passes Greenwich Village where her son James was married. But 648 is not a valid street number today for either East or West Houston. It’s probable that the street has been renumbered since the 1850s.
Ann had moved quite some distance north to 72 W 32nd (18th ward) according to the 1855–56 and 1856–57 directories. (One lists her as "widow of George" at that address.) Finally, in 1857–58 and 1858–59, she appeared two doors down at 68 W 32nd where, in the last directory, she was listed as Ann C. Swan. (Could this be “C” for Charlotte, her granddaughter’s name?).
The last record I've found so far for Ann is the 1860 census of her son James and family in Baltimore, Maryland. There she was listed as 66 years of age, and born in England. I've been unable to find her in the 1870 censuses, nor have I found a death record for her.
The six children of Charles and Ann C. (Morrison) Swan: Mary, Ellen, Sarah Sabina, James W., William C. and Alfred. 
1    Swan, Mary was born before 1820 in Ireland and died after 1837 in Hulme, Lancashire, England.  She was married to Charles Hargreaves. 
Since Mary's son Charlie was aged four in the 1841 census, and so born 1836 or 1837, Mary must have been born before 1820. Hattie and Jean give her parents' marriage as 1819, so this seems to pin down Mary's birth date fairly closely. I am assuming her birth in Ireland from my reconstruction, given elsewhere, of her family's move to England around 1826. Her death must have occurred between Charlie's birth and the 1841 census, when he was living with his grandmother Ann.
A child of Charles and Mary (Swan) Hargreaves: Charles "Charlie". 
i    Hargreaves, Charles "Charlie" was born 1836/1837 in Hulme. 
Charlie was censused as a Swan when he was four years old, and may have retained that surname as an adult.
2    Swan, Ellen was born 1820/1822 in Ireland.  She was married to Jacob Tweedle. 
Hattie and Jean reported that Ellen had married a Jacob Tweedle and that they had a son Jake. Several years ago I found the record of a marriage in Manchester of an Ellen Swan and a James Tweedell and erroneously attributed it to this Ellen.
In 2013 a professional genealogist in England, Peter Clifford of Forefathers Ltd., pointed out the errors and inconsistencies of my evaluation of that other Ellen Swan’s marriage record. But he also pointed out to me on another subject that the 1841 census instructions required the census taker to “round down” all ages over 15 to the nearest 5 years! Since both Ellen and her sister Sarah were listed as age 15, the sisters’ births could have been anywhere from 1822 through 1826. Ellen’s birthplace was noted as Ireland and Sarah’s as England.
The web site allows free searches, but doesn’t show all of the census information. For the 1851 census for Hulme, Chorlton Registration District (south of Manchester), Lancashire, we find records of Ellen Tweedle, age 30, and of Jacob Tweedle, age 6. If this is our Ellen, which seems highly probable, and if the age given is correct, this implies a birth year of 1820/1821. But the 1841 census should have shown an age of 20, so there is a one year discrepancy. For this reason, I’m recording her birth as 1820/1822.
Access to the image of the 1851 census would confirm Ellen’s birthplace as Ireland and Jake’s as England, her marital status (I don’t find a Jacob Tweedle censused in Hulme), her street address and her occupation.
A child of Jacob and Ellen (Swan) Tweedle: Jacob "Jake". 
i    Tweddle, Jacob "Jake" was born 1844/1845 in England. 
3    Swan, Sarah Sabina was born about 1825 in Hulme, Lancashire, England.  She was married to Henry Bates. 
The name of Sarah's husband (given as Bate) is from Hattie and Jean [Swan and Swan, 1939]. The online site,, referenced
above for Ellen, provides a search result also for a Sara Bates, age 25, in Hulme. Again, a look at the image would confirm her birthplace and give her street address and occupation. The age agrees with that of Ann’s 1841 census (but remember the five year rounding down of these census ages.)
The Hattie and Jean family history lists only a son by the name of Henry for Sarah and Henry, and his birth date would have been sometime in the 1840s. Although there are three Henry Bates of the right age (4, 7 and 8) around Manchester in 1851, none are listed for Hulme. Since the census index also did not show an adult Henry Bates in Hulme, it’s prossible that the image would show that Sara as a widow. In any event if this is the right Sarah, her family situation remains obscure. It’s conceivable that the sisters were living together, since neither was censused with a husband.
A child of Henry and Sarah Sabina (Swan) Bates: Henry. 
i    Bates, Henry was born after 1840 in England. 
4    Swan, James W. was born 15 Aug 1827.    
5    Swan, William C. was born about 1831 in Hulme, Lancashire, England and died 24 Jan 1883 in Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey.  He was married to Mary Ann Barlow about 1849/1850.  Mary Ann was born 1831 in Ireland, died in Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey and was buried 22 Dec 1882. 
William and Mary A. Swan are listed five households past Hamilton Brown in the 1850 New York City census. (This entry was first spotted for me by the eagle eye of Wilma Adkins, genealogist at the Family History Library in Salt Lake City.) William, aged 21, i.e., born 1828/29 in England, is listed as a glass cutter, and Mary Ann, 22 (born 1827/28) was born in Ireland. The 1860 census, in which he was listed as a "Watchglassmaker", has both William and Mary (nmi) of age 28, thus born 1831/32. They didn't age very much that decade!
In their Swan family history, Hattie and Jean recorded William Swan as being born in 1831 and married in 1849 to Mary Ann, last name unknown. I'm estimating 1831 as the birth year for both of this couple, although the earlier year of the 1850 census may be correct. The 1850 census confirmed that they had been married within the previous year, but doesn't indicate whether in New York or in Great Britain. The 1860 census provided us with the ages of their first four children (the eldest daughter is listed as “Mary A.”); Hattie and Jean's listing of the children is not by age.
In 1870 William was censused in the 6th Election district of the 17th Ward in New York as a maker of artificial flowers, and as a U. S. citizen. Mary was not so noted. Their son James, 17, was working as an office boy.
That the watch glass maker William Swan is indeed the younger brother of our immigrant James Swan is indicated by two important facts. When this William was first listed in the NYC directory in 1853 as a watch glass maker, he was located at 261 Bowery, the shop which Hamilton Brown had vacated the previous year. Much later, on October 16, 1866, William the watch glass maker at this same address was naturalized as a citizen in the Superior Court of New York County, and the witness was H. Brown, watch glass maker, of De Kalb Avenue in Brooklyn. It seems clear that William lived nearby and apprenticed with Hamilton Brown from at least 1850 to about 1853, whereupon he took over his mentor's home and shop when the latter moved his business to Lower Manhattan quarters. Some three years later, William's brother James married Hamilton Brown's daughter Jane.
According to the Hattie and Jean Swan family history, William and Mary Ann had seven children: Mary Ann, who married Dick (incorrect) Reed and had a son David, Sarah and Ellen, both named after their father's sisters, Emma, James named after William's brother, William named for his father, and Tessie. (The names Emma and Tessie, which do not otherwise appear in the Swan family, might prove useful as clues to Mary Ann's origins.) William stayed on the Bowery as a watch crystal maker until 1870. Then, although his home address remained listed as 261 Bowery, he had moved his business to 498 Broome, just off West Broadway, and listed his occupation as "piquets". After the 1870–71 edition, he no longer appears in the New York City directories.
This was as far as I was able to trace William until, at the end of August, 2004, Liz McPherson of Waldorf, Maryland, found a query I had posted online and recognized that her great-grandfather was this William Swan. The following information presented here has been given to me by Liz.
The same year, 1870, that William listed himself in the city directory with an occupation “piquets”, he told the census taker that he was an artificial flower maker. I haven’t located any other reference that equates these two terms. Liz’s understanding is that these were very intricate flowers made for ladies to wear in their hats.
Around 1878 (as shown by the birth places of the grandchildren) William’s son James moved to New Jersey. It’s probable that William moved his family at about the same, as he and James lived a few houses apart in Elizabeth, Union County, in the 1880 census which Liz McPherson located. William and William, Jr. were listed as working for Singer Sewing Machine Company, the father as an engineer, and James as a machinist:
William SWAN
William SWAN
Teressa SWAN
Works In Singers
Keeping House
Works In Singers
At Home
At School
1880 Census, 5th Ward, District 2, Elizabeth, Union, New Jersey

Mary Ann was born in Ireland according to the 1850 and 1860 New York censuses. We don't know whether they were married overseas or in New York, but the former is the most likely, considering their youth at the time of the marriage.
The seven children of William C. and Mary Ann (Barlow) Swan: Mary Ann, James, Sarah "Sally", Ellen, Emma, Teresa "Tessie" and William C. 
i    Swan, Mary Ann was born Feb 1851 in New York City, New York and died 1900/1910.  She was married to Thomas Hastings Reid 25 Jun 1873 in Manhattan, New York City, New York.  Thomas Hastings was born Nov 1846 in Massachusetts and died after 1910.  He was the son of David and Anna (Hastings) Reid. 
Hattie and Jean's Swan family history cited in the introduction incorrectly named Mary Ann's husband as Richard "Dick" Reid. However, the couple's marriage license in Manhattan, New York, corrects this error. That license names the parents of both of the couples, so the son-in-law of William and Mary (Barlow) Swan is confirmed to be Thomas Hastings Reid, the son of David and Anna (Hastings) Reid.
The 1880 census gives us the birth place of Thomas as Massachusetts, and his parents as born in Scotland and Ireland. That year he was working as a Police Office. Their home was at 124 St. Mark's Place in the East Village area of Manhattan, New York City. (St. Mark's Place is a three block section of East 8th St.; their home was between 1st Ave and Avenue A. There were ten families censused at that address, so it was probably an apartment building.)
Then, in 1900, the family was censused on 150th Street in the Bronx, New York, and from this record we get the names and birth years and months of Thomas and Mary and all seven of their living children. Mary Ann reported that she had borne nine children, of whom seven were at that time living. By that time Thomas was working as a Real Estate dealer, a position from which he retired sometime before 1910. Mary Ann had died by the time of the 1910 census, and Thomas was living in the Bronx with four of his children, Thomas, Anna, Clifton and Edwin, all in their twenties.
The nine children of Thomas Hastings and Mary Ann (Swan) Reid: Mary Emma Hastings, David Hastings, Thomas William, Mabel L., Annie V., Chester R., Clifton Knox, Edwin R. and ____. 
1    Reid, Mary Emma Hastings was born 30 Jul 1874 in Manhattan, New York, New York, New York and died before 1880. 
Mary Emma Hastings' birth is recorded on [familysearch]. She did not appear in the 1880 census, so must have been one of the two children in the family who died according to the 1900 census.
2    Reid, David Hastings was born Mar 1876 in New York.  He was married to Louise Maude Jones 6 Aug 1903.  Louise Maude was born 1878 in England.  She was the daughter of William and Sarah Ann (Coleman) Jones. 
David, the eldest son of Thomas and Mary Ann, was named after his paternal grandfather, the Reid immigrant to this country sometime before 1846.
David and Louise were married twice. The first time was in New Shoreham, Rhode Island, on 6 Aug 1903; their second marriage was in the Bronx, New York, on 31 Dec 1905. For both marriage records (see their four parents were all named, so there's no doubt that these are for the same couple. The circumstances leading to this unusual situation are presently unknown, but New Shoreham, on Block Island six miles south of the mainland coast of Rhode Island, may have been the place of choice for elopements.
David and Louise were censused in 1910 and 1920 in the Bronx, but by 1930 were living on 218th Street, Queens, New York. He worked as a salesman for a photo engraving company. The 1920 census records that Louise had immigrated in 1889 (with her parents when she was eleven years old), and was a naturalized citizen.
There are two entries for a David Hasting Reid in Lang District, New South Wales, on the "Austalian Electoral Rolls, 1903-1980", for 1930 and 1933. I do not have access to the details in order to determine whether or not that record pertains to this David, but he would have been only in his fifties at this time, so they might have moved abroad right after the 1930 census in the U.S.
3    Reid, Thomas William was born Jan 1879 in New York. 
Thomas was working as a clerk in a leather store at age 21 in 1900, living with his parents and siblings in the Bronx. Still at home in 1910, he was working as an office clerk.
A Thomas W. Reid was working as a 41 year old Railroad Trainman in 1920, and living as a lodger in the home of James and Florence Mcgann in Brooklyn, Kings County, New York. That was probably this Thomas, but could have been someone of the same middle initial and age.
4    Reid, Mabel L. was born Aug 1880 in New York. 
5    Reid, Annie V. was born Feb 1882 in New York. 
6    Reid, Chester R. was born Oct 1883 in New York and died 16 Jun 1902 in New York. 
As I have not been able to find later records for Chester, the New York, New York, death record of 16 Jun 1902 for a Chester R. Reid, born about 1883, is probably this son. Chester would have been eighteen years old at the time.
7    Reid, Clifton Knox was born 3 Oct 1884 in New York. 
Clifton was living with his widowed father and three siblings in 1910, working as an office clerk. He registered for the draft both in 1918 and in 1942. For the first world war he listed his occupation as a motorman on an Elevated R. R., Interborough R. T. Co., and his address as 448 East 145th Street, the Bronx. His brother David was listed as his nearest relative, living at 2028 Concourse (probably what is now named the Grand Concourse) in the Bronx.
For the second world war registration, Clifton gave his address as 4281 Oneida Avenue, Bronx, his contact as Mr. Keeman, and his employer still as the I. R. T. Co., 270 Hudson Street.
8    Reid, Edwin R. was born 17 Feb 1887 in New York, died 2 Jun 1955 and was buried 6 Jun 1955 in Farmingdale, Nassau, New York.  He was married to Lucinda ____.  Lucinda was born 1895/1896 in England. 
Edwin R. was censused 1900 as being born in February, 1887 in New York. An Edwin R. Reed, a corporal in the US Army, born 17 Feb 1887 and died 2 June 1955, was buried 6 June in the Long Island National Cemetery, Farmingdale, Nassau, New York. I believe the correspondance of middle initial and month of birth is sufficient to claim that these two records pertain to the same Edwin. This listing appeared on in the index to "U. S. Veterans Gravesites, ca. 1775-2005, Casualties", so that Edwin died while in the service, less than a year after the armistice negotiations were completed in Korea. Whether that was where Edwin died is unknown.
Before the war, Edwin R. (born in New York) and Lucinda Reid were censused 1940 in Brookhaven town, New York City, Suffolk County, New York. This seems to be also a record of the son of Thomas and Mary Ann, and gives us the name of his wife, Lucinda, born in England. Brookhave lies on the southern coast of Long Island, about 30 miles east of the Long Island National Cemetery, and is the location of well known Fire Island.
9    Reid, ____. 
Mary Ann's 1900 census indicated that two of her children had died, one of whom was their first-born, Mary Emma Hastings, who did not appear as a five year old daughter in the 1880 census. The other, unknown child, I list last in the family, buy I have no record of his or her birth date.
ii    Swan, James was born Nov 1852 in New York City, New York and died 1920/1930.  He was married to Mary Böhm about 1874.  Mary was born Dec 1854 in Austria. 
In 1870 James was censused at age 17 in his father's home in NYC both as having attended school, and working as an Office Boy.
According to the 1880 census (which Liz McPherson originally pointed out me), James lived at 1037 Bond Street, Elizabeth, New Jersey. Also in the home along with his wife Mary, aged 23, and their three children were Geo. W. Coapman, 34, Fannie Coapman, 28, and Hattie Coapman, age 1 year, brother-in-law, sister-in-law and niece, respectively. Hattie, then, was Mary's sister, and also born in Austria of Austrian born parents. George Coapman, born in New York, was a "Manufactor Ladies Hats", and this evidently points to the connection between the Coapman and Swan families that resulted in James' and Mary's marriage. (The surname spelling of Coapman is consistant throughout three censuses.)
George can be found in two previous censuses in Brooklyn. In 1860 he was a 17 year old Apprentice Silver Plater in the home of Simeon and Harriet Coapman, both 56 years of age. Also in the Coapman household were Catherine, 30, Melinda, 38, and Thomas, 19. The relationships among these six people is not obvious. In 1870 Gorge Coapman, 24, a Silver Plater, was living with James "Ldds", a "seafaring man" and Catherine, his wife. That George as a silver plater was working for a manufacturning plant for ladies hats probably means he was involved in the making of silver decorations for the hats.
The 1879/80 Elizabeth City Directory lists "Swan, Mary Mrs., widow, 1037 Bond Street" (the same address as above), but none of the males in the family. Since both James, husband of Mary Böhm, and his father William, husband of Mary Ann Barlow, were alive during the 1880 census, this Mary, living in James' home, is simply mysterious. Possibly the "widow" appelation is simply a mistake, but that seems unlikely.
In the 1881/82 directory James is shown working at the Singer Sewing Machine Company with his father William and son William. The directory lists William Swan, Sr. on "Bond Street corner of Catherine Street", and William C. Swan at 421 Catharine, which is right at the same corner and might even be the same house. James' residence is given as 524 Meadow, which is about eight blocks north of his father and brother.
By 1900 James and Mary and their three children were back in Manhattan living in an apartment house at 119 E 120th Street. Tht address is in the East Harlem section in the northern part of Manhattan. Charlotte was now Lottie Seiferd, married five years, with one child, Grace, then four years old. Mary was listed as "May E.", and it is from this census that we get the months and years of all of their birth dates.
By 1910, the family had moved about three miles northeast to 986 Union Street in the Bronx with their daughters Mary and Charlotte, and granddaughter Grace. James listed his occupation as machinist in a shop; the daughters were working as office clerks. The 1920 census record shows the family had moved again across the East River, resideing in Cliffside Park, Bergen, New Jersey. The census contributed he additional information that Mary had imigrated in 1864, from Austria, and had been naturalized.
A search in the 1870 census, a few years before James and Mary were married, finds a family of four Böhm sisters, all working in the millenery business, and all born in Austria. These were Emilie, 20, Mary, 16, Fanny, 15, and Helene, 11. Clearly the two middle ladies were Mary (Böhm) Swan and her sister Fanny (Böhm) Coapman, living together in 1880 (above). Also living with the four sisters was a Frederick Böhm, four years old, and born in New York.
The Böhm sisters in 1870 were living at 157 Ludlow Street in Manhattan. Ludlow parallels the Bowery some six blocks to the east, and their apartment building is just a block south of East Houston Street. This is just six blocks from where James' father William had taken over the Bowery residence and worked in the same watch glass business as his father-in-law, Hamilton Brown. William had moved there by at least 1853, so James grew up six blocks from where his future wife Mary Böhm immigrated to when he was about twelve years old.
Mary's maiden name was transcribed from the marriage record of her daughter Charlotte as "Boehrn or Boehm". Choose "m" rather than "rn", substitute "ö" for "oe"; that gives Böhm.
The last we know of Mary is that she had moved to California by 1930 with her daughter and granddaughter, and was living in San Diego at 4930 "Elevation" Street, although the name is not clear on the census and no street my that name exists today.
The three children of James and Mary (Böhm) Swan: William C. J., Charlotte "Lottie" and Mary. 
1    Swan, William C. J. was born May 1875 in New York and died 1920/1930.  He was married to Nora/Lenora J. or G. Gately abt 1903/1904.  Nora/Lenora J. or G. was born 28 May 1878 in Shirley, Middlesex, Massachusetts and died after 1940.  She was the daughter of James H. and Anna E. "Annie" (McGuire) Gately. 
William appeared in the 1890/91 Elizabeth, New Jersey, City Directory as a machinist boarding at 98 Trumbull Street. Since his father was a machinist, it appears that William followed him in the trade, even though he was only 15 or 16 years of age. That address doesn't exist now, but was probably located at that time at what now would be 98 Puleo Place, the extension of Trumbull at its east end.
Since William moved around a bit during his life, it's interesting that he held fast to a rather specialized profession which helps confirm his census records:
Machinist, Typewriter Inspector
Machinist, traveling
Elizabeth, NJ
Manhattan, NY
Bronx, NY
Bronx, NY
Dutchess Co., NY

Starting in 1905, his records are also identifyable by the name of his wife Nora, and that year and in 1910 he used two middle initials, as "William C. J. Swan". Their home in 1920 was at Barry Town Road & Ammandale Road, Red Hook Township, Dutchess County, NY, about 100 miles north of the Bronx.
The same records that unambiguously identify William and Nora are very ambiguous as to her given name, middle initial and birth year:
Nora G Swan
Nora J Swan
Lenora J Swan
Nora Swan
Nora G Swan
32 [b 1877/78]
41 [b 1878/79]
40 [b 1874/75]
53 [b 1876/77]
58 [b 1881/82]

The 1925 census looks out of place both as to her name and age, but the presence in her family of both her husband Wm. C. and her children Marie M., Eleanor G. and James G. attest to the right person. The most we can conclude is that she most often used the name Nora, but possibly was born Lenora, and that she was born sometime between 1874 and 1882.
Up through the beginning of 2013, I had only the barest description of the four daughters of William and Nora gathered from census records. Then on April 10th, I received an e-mail from Marie Susan "Susie" Stelling, a great-granddaughter of William and Nora. Together with all of the family information she provided on the intervening generations, and the additional on-line data that led me to, we have together been able to put together the more complete story of this branch of the Swan lineage provided here.
Susie’s family knowledge provided me with Nora’s maiden name of Gately. She writes “Apparently, she was raised in a Catholic orphanage in Boston.”
The censuses over the years gave Nora’s birthplace as Massachusetts. Searching through online records we find a Nora, born 28 May 1878 in Shirley, Middlesex, Massachusetts, daughter of James H., and Anna E. "Annie" (McGuire) Gately. This particular Nora fits all that we know about William’s wife. James H. Gately was born in Massachusetts of Irish born parents; Annie was born in Ireland.
However, in the 1880 census the daughter in that family was clearly recorded (but possibly misheard by the census taker?) as Dora, and by 1900 she and two of her sisters, Mamie 23, Nora/Dora 22 and Katie 21, were no longer living with their parents. I was unable to find 1900 census records for any of the three in either Massachusetts or New York.
Also, there are three other possibilities, none as extensively documented. A Dora Gately was born 1874/1875 in Massachusetts, daughter of John and Kate Gately. John was working as a horse carriage driver in Boston in1880, both he and Kate were born in Massachusetts of parents born in Ireland. This single record clearly spells her name as Dora.
The third possibility is Norah Gately, 5 years old, living with her mother Ann and 7 year old brother Patrick in Boston in 1880. The childrens’ parents were both born in Ireland. In 1881 James Gately was sent to an insane asylum for bludgening his (unnamed) wife to death. His 9 year old son Patrick testified during the hearings. This Norah, born 1874/1875 in Massachusetts, also fits the birth parameters of Lenora/Nora Gately who married William Swan of New York.
Finally, there is record of an Honora Gately, born 8 January 1875 in Boston, Suffolk, Massachusetts, daughter of Michael and Annie Gately.
James Kelly had 11 children in Boston starting around 1900, as attested by birth records available online. His wife’s name was variously given as Hanora Marica Gately Kelley, Norah Gately and Hanorah M. Gately. I think we can safely assume that she was the Honora b 8 Jan 1875, but take special note on how fluidly these given names can be interchanged.
In summary, we then have three possible Gately ladies born at the right time in Massachusetts --
b 28 May 1878 in Shirley, MA
b 1874/1875 in MA
b 1874/1875 in MA
James H., and Anna E.
John and Kate of Boston
James and Ann of Boston

Based on given name, alone, (and at present that’s all that distinquishes among the three), I have picked the first as the most likely candidate for Nora/Lenora. (Parenthetically, one of her granddaughters was named Honore.) If any researcher seeks confirmation, the marriage license (in New York City, probably, but not online) of William and Nora should provide her parents’ names.
With this choice, I give here the family names and birthdates for James and Annie, from the 1900 census record except as noted, in Shirley, Middlesex, Massachusetts:
Gately, James H.
Gately, Annie E.
Gately, Thomas L.
Gately, Annie W.
Gately, Mamie
Gately, Nora
Gately, Katie
Gately, Sarah
Gately, Frank
Gately, John E.,
Gately, Robert E.
Gately, Robert E.
Jan 1845 MA, parents b Ireland
May 1852 Ireland, parents b Ireland
May 1873 MA
Oct 1874 MA
1876/77 MA [1880 census]
28 May 1878, Shirley, Middlesex, MA
31 Jul 1879, Shirley, Middlesex, MA
Feb 1883
Mar 1884
1884/1885, Shirley, d 1 Jul 1892, MA
26 Mar 1888, Shirley, Middlesex, MA
Jun 1890 [1900 census]

The three complete birth dates are from online birth records. Whether there were two Robert E.s born or one bad census record I don’t know, but think probably the latter. I didn’t find an online death record for a Robert E., as I did for his brother John E.
The four children of William C. J. and Nora/Lenora J. or G. (Gately) Swan: Maria M., Eleanor G., William J. and James G. 
i    Swan, Maria M. was born 1904/1905 in New York.  She was married to Daniel Gainey.  Daniel was born 1899/1900 in Ireland. 
The earliest records I found for Maria Swan are censuses, the first when she was nine months old in the 1905 New York State Census; the last before her marriage when she was recorded as Maria M., living with her mother in the Bronx in 1930 and working as a clerk in a life insurance office. By 1940 she was censused with her husband Daniel Gainey in Assembly District 6, Bronx, New York City with their three children, Daniel, 5, Mary, 4, and Honore, 1 year of age. The full name of the youngest child is Honore Alice, who has gone by Alice for most of her life as recounted by Susie Stelling, her daughter.
According to that census record, Daniel Gainey was 40 years old and born in Ireland. A search online turned up a wonderful record of his Petition for Naturalization on 25 Jan 1934. That petition states that he was formerly known as Daniel Guiney, he resided at 429 E 147th, Bronx, New York, and had been born 1 Sep 1899 in Emly, Ireland. (Emly, County Limerick, is a small town 8 miles west of Tipperary, County Tipperary, and 23 miles south-southeast of Limerick, County Limerick.) Daniel had emigrated from the port of Queenstown (now Cobh, County Cork), Ireland, arriving in New York City on 12 Sep 1927. The best part of the petition, however, were the signatures of the witnesses who attested to his having lived in this country for five years -- Marie M. Swan and Nora Swan, 2720 Decatur Ave, Bronx, his future wife and mother-in-law!
Looking back to the 1930 censuses, we find Daniel Guiney, age 24, born in the Irish Free State, immigrated 1926, elevator runner in an office building, and William Guiney, age 30, born Irish Free State, immigrated 1927, who was a laborer on the railroad. These two young men, boarding at that time with five others at the widow Nora Herlihy’s home on East 140th Streeet in the Bronx, were quite probably brothers or cousins. Why the one year difference in the reported immigration dates for Daniel is unknown; immigration records for William were not found online.
The Irish Free State, consisting of most of the island, is today the Republic of Ireland. However, when Daniel was born the country was the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The War of Independence, fought between 1919 and 1921, resulted in the Irish Free State in December 1922. It would be interesting to know if 20 year old Daniel Guiney was involved in that War of Independence.
The three children of Daniel and Maria M. (Swan) Gainey: Daniel, Mary and Honore Alice. 
1    Gainey, Daniel was born xxxx in New York City, New York. 
2    Gainey, Mary was born xxxx in New York City. 
3    Gainey, Honore Alice was born xxxx in New York City.  She was married to Robert Beatty Stelling est 1957.  Robert Beatty was born xxxx.  He was the son of ____ and Catherine (Beatty) Stelling. 
I have from Susie Stelling that her father was Robert Beatty Stelling. Several online records have enabled me to create a tentative Stelling ancestry, summarized here:
Stelling, ____, b est 1880
m Catharine Beatty, b 1883/1884 NY, daughter of
                         John Beatty, b 1858/1859, Ireland
    Stelling, Robert Beatty, b 19 Aug 1906, 
                          d Jul 1980, Bronx, NY
    m Rose C. ____, b 1908/1909
        Stelling, Robert Beatty, b 1936/1937
        m Honore Alice "Alice" Gainey   

One of the more entertaining of the records comes from the practice of “The Daily Star, L. I. City (Queens Borough)”, early in the twentieth century, of publishing a daily column of birthday greetings. Anyone could mail in a name, date and address, so in the 19 Aug 1930 edition we read:
“Birthday greetings: Robert Beatty Stelling, 24, 17 Ericsson St., Elmhurst”
That street address is in what is now East Elmhurst in northeast Queens near Flushing Bay.
The 1920 census in Manhattan, City of New York, ties the Stelling and Beatty families together quite nicely. Katheryne Stelling, living at 247 W 81st St., was the head of the household that included her son Robert Stelling, 13, Robert J. Beatty, her 35 year old brother, Annie Beatty her 43 year old sister-in-law, and Augustave Stelling, her 35 year old brother-in-law. Katheryne and her brother were both born in New York, of Irish born parents; Augustave was also born in New York, but of German born parents. Katheryne worked as a superintendant in a laundry, her brother Robert was a traffic manager, and Augustave was a porter in an apartment house. There were also five lodgers in the home.
Looking back to the 1900 census for Manhattan, we find widower John Beatty, 40, an Irish immigrant doing day labor. His two daughters, Catharin 16 and Madaline, 11, were both born in New York, and their mother was Irish, as well. Catharin was working as a saleswoman. I feel confident from the ages and Irish born parents that this Catharin was, in, fact, the Katheryne of the 1920 census, above.
In 1940, Robert B. Stelling, a 33 year old switchman for the telephone company, was living on University Avenue in the Bronx. He and his wife, Rose C., 31, had in their home Robert B., Jr., 3 years old, and daughter Patricia A., 5 years of age.
The final record we have for Robert is in the Social Security Death Index, where both his birth date (agreeing with the “Birthday Greeting”), and his death month of July, 1980, are recorded, as well as an indication that he was still living in the Bronx. when he died.
A child of Robert Beatty and Honore Alice (Gainey) Stelling: Marie Susan "Susie". 
i    Stelling, Marie Susan "Susie" was born 12 Nov xxxx.  She was married (1) to Frank Ferrara 1983.  She was married (2) to Alfred Gordon. 
Susie writes: "My degrees are in chemistry. I worked in the Pharmaceutical Industry for about 12 years as a research scientists and then went into teaching. I now teach Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy in high school. We lived in the Bronx, NY until I was in high school and then we moved to New Rochelle, NY a suburb of NYC. I moved to NJ after college graduation and have been here since 1982. None of my immediate family is in NY anymore. Two sisters and my mother live in North Carolina, one sister is in Florida, Kathy and I are here in NJ."
ii    Swan, Eleanor G. was born 17 Apr 1906 in New York City and died Apr 1987 in Queens, New York City, New York.  She was married to ____ Van Benschoten 1930/1940. 
Eleanor's census ages were 4 in 1910, 13 in 1920, and 22 in 1930, so from these the year of her birth is somewhat uncertain. However, the Social Security Death Index records an Eleanor Swan, born 17 April 1906, died Apr 1987, last place of residence Queens, New York (see Susie’s comments below). So I’m accepting this record as pertaining to the daughter of William and Nora.
A “U.S. Public Records Index”, Volume 1, on records Eleanor G. Swan (the correct middle initial) with the same birth date living at 14125 Northern Blvd Apt F9, Flushing, NY, 11354-4204 in 1990. So, for the moment, I’m confused, but I trust the SSDI more than this latter record.
Eleanor was living with her mother and siblings in 1930, but in 1940 she was listed as Eleanor Van Benschoten, head of household, with her mother Nora and brother James G. in her home in the Bronx. That census gave her marital status as married, not divorced. An examination of the New York City census in 1930 didn't turn up any eligible Van Benschoten bachelors, so it isn't obvious where to look for her husband.
"Eleanor was married for a short time but apparently divorced and went the rest of her life as Eleanor G. Swan. ... She was a career woman though, a purchasing agent for the state of NY. She traveled overseas for the first time in her 70s. For as long as I knew her she always lived in Flushing, Queens, NY. Jimmy, their brother, never married and lived with Eleanor until he died in 1978." -- Marie Susan "Susie" Stelling.
iii    Swan, William J. was born 1910/1911 in New York. 
William only appears as the nine year old son of William C. and Nora in the 1920 census in Dutchess County, New York. He couldn't be identified in 1930 or 1940.
iv    Swan, James G. was born 1912/1913 in New York and died 1978. 
James appeared as the 7 year old son of William and Nora in 1920 in Dutchess County; as the 17 year old son living with his mother and two siblings in 1930, and with his mother in the home of his married sister Eleanor Van Benschoten in the Bronx in 1940. As noted above, Susie writes that he lived with his sister Eleanor for the rest of his life.
2    Swan, Charlotte "Lottie" was born 11 Jun 1877 in Manhattan, New York, New York, New York.  She was married to Edward Everett Seiferd 13 Aug 1895 in Manhattan.  Edward Everett was born 1872/1873 in New York.  He was the son of Louis and Mary Frances (Purdy) Seiferd. 
It is from Charlotte's 1877 birth record, in Manhattan, that we get her mother's maiden name of Bohn [FamilySearch].
Charlotte and Edward's 1895 marriage license (on which she was "Lottie") in Manhattan provides us with his middle name and his parent's names, including his mother's maiden name of Purdy. It also gives her mother's maiden name as "Boehrn or Boehm" [FamilySearch].
By 1900 Charlotte was back living with her parents, and stayed with them through 1910 and 1920, where the latter census indicated she was a widow. Whether Edward died shortly after their daughter's birth in 1896, or they separated and she was widowed later, I don't know. The 1910 census is unhelpful, as marital status that year was not indicated.
Edward was censused in 1880 as the seven year old son of Louis and Mary F. Seiferd in New York City, and with his older brother Harvey. Louis was 38, born in New York, and reported that his parents were born in Prussia. Mary was 35, and born in New York as were both of her parents. Edward's parents were also censused in Manhattan in 1910, where three of his younger brothers, Charles, Louis and William, all in their twenties, were living at home.
A child of Edward Everett and Charlotte "Lottie" (Swan) Seiferd: Grace Charlotte. 
i    Seiferd, Grace Charlotte was born 13 May 1896 in Manhattan, New York, New York, New York. 
Grace was named on her 1896 birth record as Grace Charlotte, and recorded over the years as Grace, Grace C., and, when living alone in 1920, as Grace Charlotte. She never married, and lived with her mother much of her life.
In 1910 she lived with her mother and grandparents in the Bronx. By 1920 Grace was off on her own, working as a stenographer for a medicine company in Manhattan. By 1930 she, her mother and grandmother Mary Swan were back together and had moved to San Diego, where she worked as a stenographer in an aviation school, apparently supporting both of the older women.
3    Swan, Mary was born Jan 1880 in New Jersey. 
iii    Swan, Sarah "Sally" was born 15 Feb 1855 in New York City, New York and died 15 Jul 1939 in Ronkonkoma, Long Island, Suffolk, New York.  She was married to Henry Meyer 6 Sep 1874 in Manhattan, New York City, New York.  Henry was born Nov 1853 in New Jersey.  He was the son of Henry and Anna (Shoemaker) Meyer. 
"Sarah owned a confectionery shop in Brooklyn, NY, for years. The 1910 Kings County census shows Sally and my grandmother [Charlotte] living there. My grandparents married in 1916 and the 1920 census shows Sally as living with them on Long Island." [Liz McPherson].
Sarah's birth year as a child in her parents' home was given as 1854/55 in both the 1860 and 1870 census. Then, after her marriage, she gave her birth as 1859/60 in 1880, and as Feb 1859 in 1900. Why a five year discrepancy I don't know, unless it was considered that a wife in the German community into which she married should be much younger than her husband. After her husband's death she reverted to 1855. Where I found the specific date given here I didn't record; possibly from Liz McPherson.
I believe Liz McPherson originally give me the names of Henry's parents, but I have been unable to find records of any of them before he married. The record of their marriage in Manhattan names him as Henry Myers, son of Henry and Anna (Schoonmaker) Myers, and mistakenly gives Sarah’s mother’s maiden name as Ballow, instead of Barlow. Possibly Anna’s maiden name was given as Schuhmacher, the German for Shoemaker, and the recorder was at a loss as to spelling.
Another far out coincidence regarding misspelling is found in the record of her daughter Charlotte. There in 1893 her name was recorded as Sarah Levan Meyer. Back in 1851, her uncle James Swan was recorded on the ship’s list as James Leaven! The name Swan seems simple enough, but handwriting can so easily be mis-transcribed.
In 1880 Henry reported that both of his parents were born in Bavaria; in 1900 he reported Germany. He was a Car Driver in 1880, when they lived at 442 E 23rd, New York City, and a clerk for the Brooklyn Railroad when they lived in Brooklyn, Ward 28 in 1900.
That year, 1900, Sarah also reported that she had had six children, of whom three were then living. Henry and Otto had died as infants, and Minnie died at age about seventeen.
Sarah was listed as a widow in 1910, when she had her sixteen year old daughter Lottie living with her in the same Ward as before in Brooklyn. They were still together in 1920 and 1930 as she was living with Charlotte and her second husband, Peter Taylor and their children.
The six children of Henry and Sarah "Sally" (Swan) Meyer: Mamie/Minnie, Sadie, Henry†, Otto†, Hannah and Charlotte "Lottie". 
1    Meyer, Mamie/Minnie was born 1875/1876 in New York and died 1893. 
2    Meyer, Sadie was born 1877/1878 in New York.  She was married to Frederick Noll.  Frederick was born 11 Jan 1877 in New York. 
Frederick first appears in the 1880 record in Brooklyn as the two year old son of Ernst and Louisa Noll, ages 31 and 28 years. Also in that home was his grandfather, Ernst, age 65. By the time of the 1900 census in Philadelphia, Federick's mother's name was Louisa Mertens. She had in her household three sons: George, Fred K. and Charles Noll, born 1876, 1877 and 1880, and a daughter Anna Mertens, born 1883. Evidently she was widowed or divorced sometime after 1880, and remarried to a Mertens who was not living with her in 1900.
Frederick spent most of his married life living in Queens, New York City, being censused there 1920, 1930 and 1940. However, he was censused in the 1925 New York State census as living in Brooklyn. Hs work was as a stone grainer (surprisingly, several examples of that online, but NO definition) for a Lithograph Company. His 1918 draft registration card records that he worked for a Robert Gair(?) on Adams Street, Brooklyn, and resided at 444 Fairview Avenue, Ridgewood, Queens. His address in 1930 and 1940 was 109-36 207th Street, a neighborhood about ten miles east named Queens Village.
The four children of Frederick and Sadie (Meyer) Noll: Sarah/Sadie, Charlotte, Frederick "Fred" and Marion. 
i    Noll, Sarah/Sadie was born 1904 in New York and died 1983.  She was married to Leonard Buckley.  Leonard was born 1893/1894 in New York. 
Liz McPherson gave me this daughter's name as Sarah, but she is consistently named as Sadie on the census records. Sarah's and Leonard's daughter Marilyn married Daniel Hayes [Liz], but I don't have a date for her birth or marriage.
Sadie and Leonard lived with her parents in 1930 and 1940, he working as a tile helper in construction in that first census, and as a porter in a hospital the second one.
ii    Noll, Charlotte was born 1905 in New York and died 1988.  She was married to Edward Bloom.  Edward was born 1905/1906 in New York. 
Edward was born in New York, his father in Pennsylvania, and his mother in the Irish Free State, according to the 1930 census. He was working as a Chauffeur for the U. S. Mail (delivery man?) that year, and ten years later he was a patrolman for the New York City Police. In both of those censuses he and Charlotte were living with her parents in Queens.
A child of Edward and Charlotte (Noll) Bloom: Edward J.. 
1    Bloom, Edward J. was born 1922/1923 in New York. 
iii    Noll, Frederick "Fred" was born 1907/1909 in New York. 
Fred Noll appears in his parents' home from age two through age twenty-two in censuses from 1910 through 1930. In that last one, he reports that he was working as a mechanic for an ice cream company.
iv    Noll, Marion was born 1911/1916 in New York. 
Marion's reported ages in three censuses are rather inconsistent: 4 in 1920, 13 in 1925 and 15 in 1930.
3    Meyer, Henry† was born 1881 and died 1883. 
4    Meyer, Otto† was born 1888 and died 1889. 
5    Meyer, Hannah was born 1889/1890 in New York and died 1908. 
6    Meyer, Charlotte "Lottie" was born 9 Apr 1893 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York and died 1966.  She was married (1) to John Henry.  She was married (2) to Peter Taylor 1916.  Peter was born 1886/1888 in New Hampshire and died 1968. 
The names of Lottie's husbands and children I have from Liz McPherson, but I've found no supporting records concerning her first husband, John Henry. Much of the rest of her life, however, appears in the censuses from 1920 through 1940, where the names and ages of her nine children are recorded.
Peter was born in New Jersey, and reported that his parents were both born in Canada. In 1920 he was working for the Parks Department and living at 66 Richard Ave., Glendale Borough, Queens, New York. Ten years later, he was working as a mason in a cement works, and living in Hempstead, Nassau County. in 1935, they were living in Elmont, Nassau, about five miles west of Hempstead. By 1940 the family was in Huntington, Suffolk County, and Peter was working as a mason in the building industry.
A child of John and Charlotte "Lottie" (Meyer) Henry: John†. 
i    Henry, John† was born 1914 and died 1914. 
The eight children of Peter and Charlotte "Lottie" (Meyer) Taylor: Alvina Ann, Peter, Harry, Frederick, Charlotte, Mary, Leonard and Charles. 
i    Taylor, Alvina Ann was born 31 Mar 1917 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York and died 28 Jan 1986 in Barton, Orleans, Vermont.  She was married (1) to Doyle Hiott.  Doyle was born 28 Jun 1911 and died 7 Jul 1998 in Pelzer, Anderson, South Carolina.  She was married (2) to Michael Okuszki.  Michael was born 11 Nov 1916 in Michawaka, St. Joseph, Indiana and died 14 May 1990 in Hartford, Windsor, Vermont.  He was the son of Thomas and Emelia/Mary (Schulatka) Okuszki. 
A child of Michael and Alvina Ann (Taylor) Okuszki: Elizabeth Taylor "Liz". 
1    Okuszki, Elizabeth Taylor "Liz".  She was married to James Irving McPherson.  James Irving was born 6 Jan 1932 in Richmond County, North Carolina and died 3 Aug 1979 in Troy, Montgomery, North Carolina.  He was the son of Alonzo and Evie (McCorwick) McPherson. 
ii    Taylor, Peter was born 1918/1919 in New York. 
iii    Taylor, Harry was born 1920/1921 in New York. 
iv    Taylor, Frederick was born 1922/1923 in New York. 
v    Taylor, Charlotte was born 1924/1925 in New York. 
vi    Taylor, Mary was born 1926/1927 in New York. 
vii    Taylor, Leonard was born 1928/1930 in New York. 
viii    Taylor, Charles was born xxxx in New York. 
iv    Swan, Ellen was born in New York City, New York. 
Since Ellen was not listed in either the 1860 or 1870 censuses of her father's household, she probably was both born and died either before or after 1860. Hattie and Jean list her between Sarah and Emma, which I follow here since that's a four year gap, but that same list of children has James as the sixth child instead of the second, so is not particularly reliable.
v    Swan, Emma was born 1858/1859 in New York City. 
For some reason, Emma's age in the 1880 census was given as 17 years, instead of 21 that would be inferred from her age of 1 year in 1860. The later implies a birth year of 1858/59, the former of 1862/63, which can't be correct since she appeared in the 1860 census.
vi    Swan, Teresa "Tessie" was born 1860/1861 in New York City. 
vii    Swan, William C. was born Dec 1861 in New York City.  He was married to Catherine O'Leary 1894/1895.  Catherine was born Dec 1860 in Ireland. 
According to the 1880 census William was 19 years old, and worked at Singer Sewing Machine Company with his brother and father in Elizabeth, NJ.
William C. Swan, born Dec 1861 in New York, was censused 1900 in Ward 5, Brooklyn, Kings Co., NY, with wife Catherine, born Dec 1860 and brother-in-law John O'Leary, born Dec 1863. His father was born in England, and mother in Ireland; Catherine was born in Ireland as were her parents. William's occupation was Machinist, and John's was Artificial Flowers. I believe this correspondence with William, Sr.'s one time occupation is sufficient to clinch the identification of this record as being for the son of William and Mary Ann, and thus accept Catherine O'Leary as his wife. This record also noted that Catherine had borne one child, still living, but no son or daughter was living with them that year.
William and Catherine somehow escaped the 1910 census, but in 1920 they were found living at 720 John St. , West Hoboken Ward 1, Hudson, New Jersey. He, as William C. aged 59, was working as a machinist in a factory; she, as Katherine aged 58, was noted as having immigrated 1861 and had been naturalized. The immigration date is problematic, as in the 1900 census it was recorded that she and her brother John O'Leary had immigrated 1890.
Another individual in their home in 1920 was listed in a messed up record which looked like the census taker had first written a long dash to indicate "Swan" (as he did for Katherine) followed by "Lequin". Then the dash was overwritten with "Lucian". This person's age was given as 41 years, and the relationship "Daughter" was overwritten with "Son". Finally, his occupation was given as "Chaffeur, Private Car".
The age of 41 means that he was born in 1878 or 1879, before the 1900 census. So he could indeed have been the son of William and Catherine. If his name was Lucian, I was unable to locate him in any other census record for 1900 or later years.
The birth years for William in the 1880 and 1900 censuses are in agreement, but William was listed 1870 as age 6 instead of 9. This is a rather unusual error for young children.
6    Swan, Alfred was born 1831/1832 in England. 
This last child listed here for Charles and Ann comes from only one source which is ambiguous in its interpretation. When James and Jane "Swann" were censused in 1860 in Baltimore, the last individual listed in the household was Alfred "Swann", 28, also an iron moulder, and born in England. (Both James and Alfred's surnames being spelled with two n's we can lay to error by the census enumerator.) I believe that we can certainly interpret these bits of information as indicating a familial relationship of some kind between the two men; that they were brothers is a less certain assumption on my part.
A search for this Alfred in Baltimore, New Jersey where James next moved, and New York City turned up no records that could be attributed to this Baltimore moulder, nor did an immigration record search on

James W. Swan  &  Jane Brown
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Brown Top  

James W. Swan was born 15 Aug 1827 in England, died 29 Dec 1909 in Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California and was buried 3 Jan 1910 in Inglewood Park, Cemetery, Inglewood, California. 
James W. was married to Jane 19 Aug 1857 in Brooklyn, Kings, New York. 
Jane Brown was born 26 Oct 1839 in New York, New York, New York, died 8 Jul 1922 in Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California and was buried 10 Jul 1922 in Inglewood Park, Cemetery, Inglewood, California.  She was the daughter of Hamilton and Mary (Biggert) Brown. 

IMAGE: James_and_Jane_Swan.jpg
James W. Swan and Jane (Brown) Swan

James' middle initial was "W.", but we have never found a reference as to what that stands for. His paternal grandfather was William, so it is quite likely that he was given the name James William, but that is at this time pure speculation.
Of James' life as a child in England we have a charming description by Hattie and Jean in their chapter entitled "Household in Hulme":
"Ann was a strict churchwoman and her family were invariably in their place of worship in the Episcopal Church in Hulme each Sunday. As a matter of fact the boys' Sabbath observance commenced quietly at sundown Saturday evening. However it did not end at sundown on Sunday and the boys could never understand this.
"To the brothers and their young and more restless nephew the church services would have been very tiresome if it had not been for the soldiers who had to attend also. At one time there were ten thousand soldiers stationed there. Their bright uniforms made a large spot of brightness to the young boys.
"Jim Swan was delicate as a child and was not sent to school very much. Later, after his father's death, when he was stronger, he had to go to work to help his mother support the family. When he was an old man he liked to say,
"I went to school but one half day and me schoolmaster was absent the day."
"He often said that he learned more in Sunday school than in the Old Dames schools. These Dame schools were kept by old women, widows and spinsters who were unable to do much else. In their own homes they herded the youngsters of the community while the mothers and other able bodied women were out helping to earn a living or tending to their younger children.
"Jim's teacher at Sunday school was a retired old army sergeant named Walters. He heard many of the experiences of these old soldiers. One story which made an impression on the boy was the one told about Sir John Moore who had a man shot for stealing a loaf of bread.
"One day, when Jim had grown to be quite a boy, Captain Dick Taylor, of the Fifth Dragoon Guards, stopped at his house looking for recruits for the army.
"What about this young fellow going into the service a bit later?" he inquired of Ann.
"But Ann shook her head. "I'll say what my husband's mother said, "There have been enough Swans in the military. Jim will do something else."
Undated], James at age 14 went to work in a foundry in Manchester to learn the trade. He was also censused at that age as a cotton piecer in Hulme, so that year evidently marks his passage from "children's work" to that of a young man starting his own career. Albert wrote that, after his apprenticeship, James worked at his trade in Glasgow, Scotland for three years just prior to coming to this country at age 24. It would have been about 1848, then, that he moved to Scotland, and 1851 that he came to America. That latter year is confirmed by a later census which recorded his time in this country.
His work experience in Glasgow is confirmed by the census of 1851 discussed above, where he was living with this mother Ann and working as an Iron Moulder. His age was given as 23, and his birthplace as England. This resolves the record by Hattie and Jean that placed his birthplace in Ireland and in England in different places in their manuscript. With his sister Ellen’s birthplace as Ireland, his sister Sarah’s in England, both between 1822 and 1826, and the families appearance in England in 1841, the English birthplace for James in 1827 seems quite reasonable. James himself claimed English birth in later years.
It is a tradition in the family that Ann and Jim came to this country in order to prevent his having to go into the service. Whether or not this was a realistic threat at this midpoint of the nineteenth century in England is not clear, but certainly the family antipathy to more military service was quite firmly established. Some seventy years later, however, James' grandson William Hamilton Swan, son of Hamilton and Clara, died in the service of his country in World War I.
Another family tradition says that James came over with his mother, Ann. Several years ago a record was found, the ship's list for the Martha's Vineyard which arrived in New York City from Glasgow on 27 Oct 1851 [Glazier, 1986]. The difficulty was that an Anne Swan, age 55, was listed, but James Swan, age 24, did not appear on the list. Then we found from Albert Swan's notes that James had already worked as a molder in Glasgow before coming here, and that he met his future wife on the day after her twelfth birthday -- that very same date. Therefore the immigration record was reexamined. Wonder of wonders, the entry on the ship's list immediately preceeding that of Anne Swan, age 55, was James Leaven, 24, with an occupation of molder! Somewhere in the transcription process, the "S" of Swan had been read as "Le", the "w" became "av", and the final "an" became "en". A poorly written entry in the ship's manifest led to one of the most outlandish recording errors we have encountered, as can be seen when we finally found a copy of the original, handwritten lines:
IMAGE: Marthas_Vineyard_Manifest.GIF
Manifest of the ship Martha's Vineyard for 27 Oct 1851

The index to James' census in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, twenty years later, reads "James Iwan". He didn't have good luck with records of his name!
There were at least six James Swans, distinquishable by their occupations, listed in the New York City directories from 1846 through 1856, but not our James, a molder or foundryman. Why his brother William appears both in the census and in the city directories, but James doesn't, is a small mystery. Since his profession was that of a foundryman, at which we know he worked in England and Scotland, and later in Wisconsin and Kansas, he probably did that kind of work in New York, but we have as yet to find any records to that effect. Were the foundries all across the river in New Jersey, where he lived after returning from Maryland? The 1855 N.J. census is incomplete and unindexed, so would probably be of little help, although a scan of Paterson is not out of the question.
James' and Jane's 1857 marriage date, six years after he immigrated, we originally had from mother's notes, but this was confirmed when the original marriage certificate was found in the effects of their granddaughter-in-law Lillian Swan after her death in 1993 [Anon., 1857]. The certificate was exactly the same form used for Jane's mother Mary's marriage 24 years earlier (see the Brown family history), but now the minister, Nicholas E. Smith, was of the Reformed Protestant Dutch Church in Brooklyn, where Hamilton and his family were living by that time. The certificate was for some reason given at Brooklyn 13 Feb 1858, some six months after the marriage date of 19 August the previous year. We don't know if Jane's father and stepmother Charlotte (both born in Scotland) also were members, but obviously Jane still belonged to the Reformed Dutch Church of her mother, Mary Biggert.
IMAGE: James_and_Jane_Certificate.jpg
Marriage Certificate
of James Swan and Jane Brown

The other primary evidence found for James and Jane in New York City is the birth record for their daughter Charlotte on 10 March 1859, for which the address given was 118s Harlem. The attending physician was J. Stotley [Birth Certificate, 1859]. The web site (now a broken link but available on the Wayback Machine) listed two Harlem Avenues, two Harlem Roads, Harlem Bridge Road and a Harlem Lane that at one time or another existed in Manhattan. It's impossible to tell now which might have been meant by just the name Harlem.
Shortly after Charlotte's birth, James and Jane started out on their peripatic life of the next twenty years. The map below provides a log of their travels across the country, with the dates of their moves when these are known, and locates the births of their four children. Most of the information for this slow trek to Kansas comes from a Topeka Daily Capital biography of their son William on the occasion of his candidacy in 1892 for election to the State legislature. The details are also confirmed in part and extended by the genealogical notes of their grandson Albert Markley Swan.
IMAGE: Swan_in_US.jpg
James W. & Jane Swan in the U. S.

For their first move James and Jane, with their baby daughter Charlotte, went to Maryland, where in 1861 Hamilton was born, in Baltimore according to Albert's notes. But even more came to light when their 1860 census in Baltimore was found. (That discovery was delayed somewhat, as the head of the family was recorded as "Jas Swann", which required a broader online search algorithm than I originally used.). The first discovery provided by that census was that a child named William was part of the family along with Charlotte, their first child. This was not the William later to be born in 1864 in New Jersey, and must have been a child who died before that latter date.
A possible date anomaly is also apparent in this census, in that Albert Swan's genealogical notes that Hamilton Swan was born in Baltimore 4 Aug 1861, two days before the census was taken. Would James, even if Jane and the baby were in the hospital, not mention this to the census enumerator? Hamilton's 1900 census confirms that he was born in August of 1860 in Maryland, but doesn't speak to the specific day of that month.
The second surprise in 1860 is that James, an iron moulder, had living in his home an Alfred "Swann", 28, another iron moulder also born in England. This was surely a relative, and I have assumed for the time being that Alfred might have been a younger brother of James. More discussion of these two discoveries appears elsewhere in the appropriate place in this narrative.
Then, at some time by 1863, they moved back north. This time they settled in Paterson, Passaic County, New Jersey, across the Hudson River from their former home, and so not too far from James' brother William and Jane's father. If James had been working in New Jersey when they first lived in New York City, it could well happen that he returned to his old job, and they chose to live closer to his work than before. There their second son named William was born in 1864.
Note that the above years from Maryland to New Jersey include the time of the Civil War. In June, 1863, James registered for military service. That record lists him as a Moulder, born in England, and living in the 5th Ward of Paterson, New Jersey. No record has been found of James having actually served in the military during that conflict. (Although a James Swan had enlisted in 1862 in Maryland, the New Jersey draft register showed no entry for our James in the column marked "Previous Military Service".)
IMAGE: James_Swan_Draft_1863.jpg
James Swan Civil War Registration for Military Duty

According to William's biography, because the New Jersey climate did not agree well with James' health, the family decided in April, 1870, to move to the north central part of the country. The actual decision may have been fairly abrupt, for they took the children out of school before the end of the term, William having just started first grade the previous fall. Albert's notes claim that Jane's father, Hamilton Brown, went with them, and that they settled on his farm. This, however, is erroneous, as Hamilton had died some five years earlier.
The first record we have of James and Jane in Wisconsin is that they lived in the 1st Ward of the City of Fond du Lac, where they were censused in 1870. The name Fond du Lac means, literally, "at the bottom (geographically) of the lake", the town being located at the southern tip of Lake Winnebago. James was working in a Brass Foundry, but didn't report owning land or personal property. By 1875, James was censused in the town of Fond du Lac with four males and two females in his household. No further information was collected in that census. The City of Fond du Lac is located mostly within the town, although a small portion extends into adjacent towns. These two records may thus indicate two separate living places over those five years.
James both farmed land and established a foundry, the trade that he learned in Scotland and which would continue to occupy him for the rest of his working life, and furnish work for all of his sons, as well, over the years. Albert's notes also say that James worked for the C. & N. W. Railroad (Chicago and North-Western) for about three years before James Albert's birth, thus from about 1871 to 1874. It is quite likely that he was doing foundry work for that railroad, as he did for the Santa Fe later in Topeka. The C. & N. W., for which the ground breaking ceremony was held in Fond du Lac 10 Jul 1851, was one of four railroads serving the city.
The children attended school for a few months each winter for the next eight years, but the boys spent the rest of each year working on the farm and in the foundry, while Lottie undoubtedly worked with her mother in the farmhouse. That these young boys worked in their father's foundry here indicates that his work for the C. & N. W. must have been as an independent contractor, and this may have set the pattern at least in part for his later work for the Santa Fe.
Early in May of 1878 the Swan family contracted "Kansas fever" and started out (in a covered wagon, according to an addition on a copy of Albert's notes) on the overland route to that frontier state. James first homesteaded a claim two miles north of Fort Larned; Albert says 10 miles from town, in Pawnee County. On an 1873 map of Kansas by Asher and Adams, Fort Larned is shown as approximately four miles square with its center about ten miles southwest of the town. The two descriptions of James' land would place it near the south border of Range XVIII West, Township 21 South. The fort, some thirty miles southwest of Great Bend, is now a national monument. James soon concluded that farming was not then a viable business in that part of Kansas, and the next year moved the family to Topeka, where they remained the rest of his working life. It's noteworthy that there were five James Swans in Kansas by 1870, two of whom were in Shawnee County -- one in Dover and one in Topeka.
Of the three of our ancestral lines to come to Topeka — Swan, Markley, and Hartzell — James was the first. We give here a brief chronology of the settlement and joining of the three branches of our family in Topeka, the capital city of Kansas:
IMAGE: Topeka_Settlement.jpg
In March of 1880 James took charge of the brass foundry at the Santa Fe shops, and William at age 16, and Hamilton at 20, went to work there for their father. Their residence at that time was on Hancock Street, one block east of the Santa Fe line, about where the Topeka Amtrak station is today, and all of the children were still living at home. Here is their census that year:
James SWAN
Charlotte SWAN
Hamilton SWAN
William SWAN
James A. SWAN
Keeps House
Apprentice To Moulder
Moulder Apprentice

1880 Census, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas, N 1/2 2nd Ward, Hancock Street

They lived there less than a year, according to Albert, and from 1882 through 1885 on three adjacent streets on the other side of the tracks — 77 Madison, then a brick house also on Madison "next door to Goodrich", 29 Monroe, and at 100 Quincy — all about a year each. These are blocks near the riverfront on streets which terminate at the Kaw, the local name for the Kansas River, and the Santa Fe Shops were located within walking distace just a few blocks to the east.
In William G. Cutler's "History of the State of Kansas" (published by A.T. Andreas, 1883) is found a history of the Santa Fe shops in Topeka, which were established in the buildings of then defunct "King Wrought Iron Bridge Manufactory and Iron Works". The history reads, in part: "The Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad Company commenced their work in these shops, August 12, 1878, and they have so gone on step by step increasing their business, as to now have the shop divided into twelve distinct departments … under the management of a separate foreman, …, brass moulding shop, James Swan, foreman". This documents that James was in 1883 an employee of the Santa Fe, not an independent contractor providing brass moulding services.
By 1887, James and Jane had moved away from the river and railroad, where they now lived at 622 Buchanan. Probably up to this time they had lived in rented houses. Radge's City Directory locates him at this address through 1902. On 9 Oct 1891 James purchased Lot 206 in Horne's Addition on Buchanan Street, probably the house at number 622 in which they had been living. According to the record, they sold Lot 204 on Buchanan for $1950 on 29 Mar 1904 [321:486], and this is probably the same lot, with a confusion of numbers in the record or in our reading of it.
In 1895 in the Kansas State Census we find James Swan, 67, and born in England, with Jane, 55, born in New York, Sharlott (sic), 35, also in New York, William B., 30, born in New Jerrsey (sic) and James A. Swan, 21, born in Wisconsin. All had listed Wisconsin as the place from whence they had come to Kansas. James and both of his sons are listed as Molders, although William's entry reads "apprentice[?] Molder", and the next census column indicates he was studying to be a physician.
Over the years James is listed in the city directory as a Brass Molder, presumably remaining in charge of the Foundry Department for the Santa Fe. But in the later years he was listed alternately as Contractor and Brass Molder, so he must have set himself up a least part time with an independent business. His son Hamilton worked as a moulder as early as 1885, William by 1887, and the youngest son James Albert went to work for his father by 1893 (but see also his employment history, below). All three of his sons continued to work with him for varying periods up until his retirement around 1902, at age about seventy-five years.
On 22 Jul 1895 James purchased for $200 six lots, numbered 405-07-09-11-13-15, on Grand Avenue in Norton's 1st Addition [223:259]. As will be seen later, he also owned lots 415-17-19-21-23, but we did not find the record of that purchase. The six constitute about one fourth of the block of what is now Plass Street between 11th and Munson. On 8 Feb the next year, he and Jane sold this property for $325, a quick 62% profit on their investment. But then, an interesting transaction occurred. J. H. Hunt on 11 Mar 1896 paid the back taxes of some $15 for 1892 on three of James' lots on Plass for which we do not have the purchase record. Hunt then transferred the certificate of overdue tax payment back to James. Finally, since the assessments had been paid for the intervening years, the third part of the court action transferred the ownership back to James and Jane. Possibly a real estate attorney could explain just what transpired in that particular shuffle.
In 1899 their son James Albert solved a similar problem, apparently paying the back taxes for 1896 on lot 421 for his parents [272:45]. Then, on 20 May 1908, James and wife Jane, "of Los Angeles", sold lots 421 and 423 on Plass for $1250 [340:552]. We don't know that they ever lived on Grand (Plass) Street, and it may be possible that these were investment properties.
In 1900 James and Jane were living with their daughter Lottie on Buchanan Street in Topeka adjacent to their son William and his wife Belle. In that census James gave his profession as Moulder, his immigration date as 1851, that he had been in the country for 48 years, and that he had been naturalized. This is the census in which he reported that his parents were both born in England. Also, Jane reported that she had had four children, all still living (but see below regarding the 1910 census).
James held two patents on inventions of his. In 1898 he was granted a patent on a new journal bearing for freight cars which prevented the lining from becoming loose and displaced. This was evidently quite a success, as attested in a news article which reported that the Santa Fe Railroad was building 100 of the largest freight cars ever constructed in the west, and that they featured these new journals. (Click any of the thumbnails below to see the full size image in a separate window.)
IMAGE: U_S_Patent_thumb.jpg
Patent #607,576 to James Swan, July 19, 1898

One of the witnesses on this patent was his son, "Wm. B. Swan". Then, four years later, James was granted a second patent, #703974 dated July 1, 1903, which substantially improved on his original invention. The description of the patent begins:
"This invention relates to journal-bearings, and more particularly to that character of bearing disclosed in a former patent granted to me ...
"One of the objects of this invention is to greatly improve this structure by extending the holding-lugs from the outer edges of the sockets and so constructing the same that they will have a better interlocking engagement with the lining, which latter will thus be more firmly held in place.
"Another important feature of the present invention resides in a novel means for storing a lubricant in the bearing, said lubricant being securely sealed in place against leakage between the lining and the body and being automatically fed to the journal during the movement of the same."
The full text and illlustrations of this second patent can be seen as a PDF file online. The witness for this patent was his youngest son, James Albert. I have no idea whether James profited from these inventions, or whether in those days they belonged exclusively to the AT&SF Railroad. James listed himself in the Topeka city directories during that period both as an employee of the railroad and as a contractor, so possibly he was able to claim some benefits from his inventions.
A real estate transaction the meaning of which has been lost is the one of 27 Sep 1902 in which James transferred for $1 to Jane, “his wife”, lot 206 on Buchanan, apparently their home at number 622 [290:574]. This was just about the time he retired, and presumably represented some kind of machinations prepatory to selling their property and leaving for California. On 15 Nov 1904 James and Jane sold, for $300, a 20 rod (320 foot) square property on the southwest corner of Huntoon and Wanamaker Road, now cut diagonally by the Interstate 470 bypass.
After James retired, he and Jane moved to West Los Angeles, settling at 931 West 36th Place. The eastern portion of this street including their address is now named Downey Way, and its location is within what is now the University of Southern California Park Campus (a single building when they moved there). Their home was just two blocks north of Exposition Park. Originally an agricultural park, it was renamed in 1913 and contained at that time the California Museum of Science and Industry, National Armory, Domed National History Museum and the Sunken Garden (which was later renamed the Rose Garden). After James' death in 1909, Jane and their daughter Lottie continued to live in this home until Jane's death in 1922.
The 1910 census for Jane, very recently a widow, differs from that ten years earlier. Now Jane testified that she had borne five children, of whom three were living. Her first son William had died as an infant, and her second son named William Brown Swan died back in 1902. Incidently, the census shows Lottie, a dressmaker, as head of household, and Jane as an unemployed "Mother".
Seven years after moving west, James died of "chronic gastroenteritus". The specific nature of his illness is unknown. The information on his death certificate was provided by their daughter Lottie. It's interesting that Aunt Lottie was confused about her grandfather's name, listing James' father as James, rather than as Charles, and that her brother Albert Markley Swan made the same mistake in his genealogical notes on the famiy.
In 1920 Jane and Lottie were still at 931 36th Place, ages 80 and 60, and neither is shown on the census as working. Jane, this time listed as head of household, is noted as owning her own home which, however, was still mortgaged.
Dated thirteen years after James died, Jane's death certificate, with Lottie Swan again as informant, indicates she died of "senility", which would today be termed either dementia or Alzheimer's disease.
In response to an e-mail query, a representative of the Inglewood Park Cemetery wrote "Our records indicate that James Swan was interred in Grave #2, Lot 445, Sequoia Plot, on 1/3/1910. Jane Swan was interred next to him, in Grave #5, on 7/10/1922. Neither of these graves is marked." Thus there are no tombstones of which photographs can be taken.
The five children of James W. and Jane (Brown) Swan: Charlotte "Lottie", William†, Hamilton, William Brown and James Albert
1    Swan, Charlotte "Lottie" was born 9 Mar 1859 in New York, New York, New York and died 18 Feb 1950 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. 
Charlotte, "Aunt Lottie" to all of us for many years, was the first born in our direct Swan line in this country, although her Uncle William Swan had several of his children born here before her. The record of her birth in New York is amusing, for there she is named "Charles, a white female" [Anon., 1859]. Her nephew Albert Markley Swan, in one place (only) in his genealogical notes, writes "(Ann)" after her name, which presumably he thought might be her middle name. Her grandmother, Ann, in her last listing in the New York City directory, is listed as "Ann C.". Could it be that Jane named her daughter Charlotte Ann after her own mother, Ann Charlotte?
Lottie never married, and lived with her parents until her mother’s death. In the 1889 Topeka Directory, she is listed as a dressmaker. After her mother's death, Lottie stayed in California at least until 1927, for we have in our possession our parents' wedding announcement mailed to her in Los Angeles. Eventually, however, she returned to Topeka and lived the rest of her life with her brother Albert and Maggie, our grandparents.
2    Swan, William† was born about May 1860 in Baltimore, Maryland and died 1860/1864. 
This first son of James and Jane is known from only three records, one direct and two indirect. In the 1860 census in Baltimore, James and Jane listed two children, Charlotte, age 2 and born in Maryland, and William, age 1 year, also born in Maryland. We know from her birth certificate that Charlotte actually was born 9 Mar 1859 in New York City and would have been one year, five months old at the time of the 6 Aug 1860 census, so we have some measure of the accuracy level of that record. (And the census enumerator spelled the surname as "Swann".)
We also know that there was a spacing of two years, five months, between Charlotte and the subsequent birth of Hamilton on 4 Aug 1861. A date half way between those two, the most probable birth date of a second child, would be the middle of May, 1860. That would make William less than three months old at the time of the census, hardly one year old. A minimum time of, say, ten months between Charlotte and William would have made William seven months old at the census.
Finally, the indirect records concerning this William are, first, that James and Jane named another son William born in 1864, and second, that Jane in 1910 certified to the census taker that she had borne five children, of whom three were alive at that time. The second William we know died in 1902. Thus these two bits of information indicate that the first William died at an early age, and certainly before 1864. We know the family was in New Jersey before June, 1863, so the place of the infant William's death cannot be deduced, and no death record has been found.
3    Swan, Hamilton was born 4 Aug 1861 in Maryland, died 24 Jan 1937 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas and was buried in Topeka Cemetery.  He was married to Clara Davidson 1 Dec 1884 in Parsons, Labette, Kansas.  Clara was born 4 Nov 1860 in St. Louis, Missouri and died 19 Aug 1936 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of James B. (or R.) and Amanda M. (____) Davidson. 
From the 1900 census we find Hamilton's birth date as August, 1860, and his age as 69. Albert Markley Swan, in his notes, in one place gives 4 Aug 1861, but appends a question mark, while elsewhere he writes 1861. I've merged these records. To all of the family, Hamilton was known as "Ham".
In contrast to his brother Will, Ham had only one place of employment throughout most of his life — the Santa Fe Shops. But if he worked at only one place, he moved often enough. From the birthplace of his first daughter, we can presume that he lived right after his marriage in Johnson Co., Kansas. We know that during his married life he lived in eleven homes in Topeka, three of which at least were houses that he built himself. His name has been found on sixteen Shawnee county land deeds (and we know we missed some), and it may be that he built more than the homes at 2801 (or 03), 2809, and 2810 Ohio St. in Highland Park. (2801 is where I and my sister Pat were raised.)
The first three Topeka homes that Hamilton and Clara lived in were close to where his father first lived, near the Kaw River and the Santa Fe Shops. About 1896 he moved to 1141 Clay St., some six blocks from where his parents had moved some ten years previously in the western part of town, and lived there for about three years. It's interesting that just one block south was located the property purchased in 1892 for the glove fitting and dress cutting system of Aaron and Mary Alice Markley. While Ham and Clara were living on Clay, his youngest brother James Albert in 1898 married Marguerite, the daughter of Aaron and Mary Alice, and these are our grandparents. This is probably the neighborhood where the two families became acquainted.
In 1899 Ham and Clara moved to Lime Street on the block where it abuts Shunganunga Creek in the east part of town, and in 1902 back to the western part of town at 1115 West 10th. They seem to have been there, although during this time Ham executed seven land deeds, until they moved to 2803 Ohio where they were listed in the 1914 directory reproduced in the Highland Park History. By 1921 they lived across the street at 2814 Ohio while Ham built the adjacent home, probably numbered 2810, later owned by Bill Root, the postmaster of Topeka. From Highland Park they moved by 1924 to Elmwood, then to Lincoln, and finally to 801 Lindenwood where they spent the last decade of Hamilton's life.
Hamilton and Clara were censused 1900 through 1930 in Topeka, the 1910 and 1920 locations adjacent to his parents James and Margaret on Ohio Street. Hamilton worked as a Brass Moulder (his father's profession) in 1900, in a Pattern Shop 1910, and as a Clerk for the Santa Fe Railroad in 1930. Hattiebel and Jean lived with their parents at least through that year.
Below are summarized the land transactions found under Ham's name in the Shawnee County deed books. In an attempt at brevity and clarity, the original lot and subdivision descriptions have been omitted and replaced with their street number equivalents. However, the deed book and page numbers for each transaction have been retained so that the original descriptions could be easily found if desired.
On 5 Sep 1893, a parcel consisting of a lot and a fraction belonging to Ham, on the west side of Clay north of Munson, was sold for taxes [244:242]. We failed to find the deed recording Hamilton's original purchase of this property. On 15 Apr 1899 Ham repurchased this land for $900 [257:425], and this purchase price probably indicates that a house existed on the lot. On 25 Jan 1901 Ham and Clara sold this property for $1000 [280:355], and this small increase in price certainly indicates that Ham had not improved the lot by building on it.
3 Jul 1895 Ham bought, for $100, one and 1/2 lots on Lime north of Sixth Street [239:387]. Almost four years later, 7 Mar 1899 (six weeks before his Clay street repurchase), he bought for $300 from his brother James Albert and wife Maggie another two and one half lots on Lime toward Shunganunga Creek adjoining the original parcel [278:54], and they lived there at least by this time. 23 Jan 1902 Ham and Clara sold to Marion G. Wright for $250 two lots of the Lime Street property [307:562], and on 22 Mar 1904 they sold to Wright for $200 another one and 1/2 lots of this property [312:359]. (Sale of the remaining one-half of a lot seems not to have been recorded.) A comparison of purchase and sale prices seems to indicated that Ham didn't build on any of these lots.
24 Sep 1898 Ham and Clara sold for $1250 a lot on Madison between Crane Street and the river [270:539]. We didn't find a record of the purchase of this property.
15 Mar 1899 Ham bought for $900 two lots on the south side of 10th Street in the middle of the block between Clay and Buchanan [270:116]. On 20 Feb 1907 he and Clara sold this property for $2450 [315:385]. This substantially increased value surely is due to Ham having built a house on the property. In 1909 there was another entry in the deed index concerning the 10th Street property [348:433], probably the final payment on a mortgage given by Ham to the buyers in 1907. They were censused in 1900 while they lived on 10th Street, and Hamilton was described as a brass molder:
Ham's brother James had purchased six lots on Ohio in Highland Park in Sep 1906. We believe that Ham soon after that date built the house for James and Maggie on the most southern three lots. No record of the construction has been found, nor of the payment James must have made for the work. This became our grandparents' home for the rest of their lives.
Then, 7 May 1909, Ham purchased for $325 from James the first three of the Ohio lots on the corner of Eagle (28th) [351:529]. Here Ham built a second house, numbered 2803 Ohio, and moved into it sometime before 1916 when he and his wife and their three grown children were listed at that address. He then sold it 21 Aug 1921 to W. C. Lamb [472:567].
That house was bought back by our grandparents, James and Margaret Swan, from Lamb on 9 Jan 1926 [544:443]. On 8 July that year they mortgaged it for $2000, and on 23 September for an additional $200. On 8 Dec 1936 they sold the house and land to our parents Paul Reese and Mildred Swan for the balance due on the mortgages of $1785 and $200 [735:205]. However, our family moved into the property (and renumbered it 2801 Ohio) before Pat was born 19 Nov 1931, so it was probably being rented from Dad's parents until that time. Mother finally sold the property 13 May 1981 when she moved to an apartment in Mission Towers at 29th and Minnesota.
5 Sep 1913 Ham sold to his brother J. Albert Swan for $1 and other considerations one and 1/2 lots on the west side of Monroe Street between 1st and 2nd Streets [394:273]. We didn't find a record of the purchase of this property.
19 Aug 1919 Ham bought for $2900 from Maggie Swan and James the eight lots at 28th Street on the east side of Ohio [452:288]. Margaret's parents Mary Alice and Aaron Markley had purchased this land and house, in two parcels, 10 Oct [326:496] and 3 Dec [327:214] 1906 for a total of $1050. Ham built a house on the corner parcel of six lots (whether before or after purchasing the land from his brother is not known), while he and Clara lived in the Markley home, at 2814 Ohio, on the next two lots. On 11 Jan 1923 Ham sold these eight lots and the two houses to Bill Root [489:168] in exchange for a lot and a half on Lincoln Street between 11th and Munson Streets [489:164]. Bill was the postmaster of Topeka.
The last transaction found in the deed books for Ham is his sale 6 Sep 1936, for $1 and love, an undivided interest in their home at 801 Lindenwood to his daughters Hattie and Jean. Three months later Ham died, of cardiac insufficiency, and is buried in Topeka Cemetery.
Clara's natal family was quite peripatetic. Her parents James (born in Scotland) and Amanda Davidson were in St. Louis, Missouri in 1860, in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin in 1870, in Ness County, Kansas (central part of the western half of the state) in 1880, and finally in Topeka, Kansas by 1900. In that first census they and their two year old daughter Ida were shown as living in the home of Truman Lindsay, 45, with Lindsay family members ranging in age from 29 down to 6 years, all except the youngest born in Canada. Amanda, 22 at that time and born in Michigan, might possibly have fit into that family, so Truman might have been her father. I haven't been able to find any records to substantiate that premise.
In her burial record at Topeka Cemetery, Clara is recorded as "Harriet, wife of Hamilton Swan". Whether that is a first or middle name I don't know. However, I would guess that, although she went by the name Clara all her life, perhaps the cemetery required her legal first name for their records. (Or, the name Harriet is simply an error.) From that cemetery record we have her birth and death dates, the former corroborated by her 1900 census.
IMAGE: Hattie_and_Jean.GIF
Jean Clara, William Hamilton and Hattiebel Charlotte Swan
Children of Hamilton and Clara (Davidson) Swan

The three children of Hamilton and Clara (Davidson) Swan: Hattiebel Charlotte, Jean Clara and William Hamilton. 
i    Swan, Hattiebel Charlotte was born 3 Oct 1885 in Mission, Johnson, Kansas. 
Hattiebel and her sister were the Hattie and Jean who wrote the Swan family history. Family records spell her name as Hattiebel, but she appears in the 1930 census as Hattiebelle.
ii    Swan, Jean Clara was born 23 May 1887 in Kansas and died 1 Jul 1951. 
Jean's name in family records was Jean Clara, but in the 1920 census she appears as Clara Jean, and in 1930 as Jean C.
iii    Swan, William Hamilton was born 9 Jan 1890 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas, died 30 Oct 1918 in France and was buried 18 Oct 1921 in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  He was married to Clara May Haynes. 
William entered the Army 19 Sep 1917, Company D, 353rd Infantry, 849th Division. He was killed in France 30 Oct 1918.
4    Swan, William Brown was born 16 Feb 1864 in Paterson, Passaic, New Jersey, died 1 Sep 1902 in Ludington, Mason, Michigan and was buried in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  He was married to Belle B. Bennett 5 Jan 1898.  Belle B. was born Nov 1871 in Illinois, died 23 Jan 1944 in Chicago, Cook, Illinois and was buried 25 Jan 1944 in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of Henry and Mary F. (Vreeland) Bennett. 
William Brown Swan's birth is to be found on which cites "Records of births, marriages, and deaths of New Jersey, 1848-1900, Microfilm of original records at the New Jersey State Library, Trenton". He was the second son of James and Jane to be named William, which indicates that the Maryland born William of the 1860 census had died before 1864.
William, known as Will to his family, was a man of many talents — brass molder, foundry foreman, graduate of Baker University, Methodist minister, newspaperman, legislator, homeopathic physician who studied under Karl Menninger, Secretary of the Kansas State Board of Health, and University Trustee. His accidental death at the age of thirty-eight was a tragic loss.
27 Oct 1892]. In that election he was a successful candidate for the Kansas legislature. During the campaign, the Topeka Daily Capital endorsed him for the seat, and ran a biography in support of his candidacy. This short article provided us with our first knowledge of the itinerary of his parents as they moved from New Jersey to Wisconsin to Kansas, and relates William's own life up to that time.
As a youth Will worked on his father's farms and in his foundrys as a brass molder. He entered Baker University at Baldwin, Kansas in the fall of 1882. After having taken two years off to secure more funds for his education, he earned his A.B. with honors in 1889. After graduation, he was invited to fill the pulpit of the Methodist Episcopal church at Peru in Chautauqua county, Kansas, just west of Coffeyville and a few miles from the Oklahoma line. He left there at the end of the Methodist conference year, in March, 1890, and returned to Topeka to work again for his father as a brass molder at the foundry in the Santa Fe Shops.
Early in 1891 William accepted a position as advertising agent for the Knoxville, Tennesee Journal, and was associated as well with the Memphis Commercial. After only nine months in Tennesee, he returned to a job as foreman with his father at the Santa Fe brass foundry. It was at this time he was elected to the legislature. These were turbulent political times, and at one point violence became the preferred method of political action. In the legislative war of 1893, the statehouse had been barricaded by the Populists in an effort to prevent the Republican legislators from taking their seats. William is mentioned as one of the crowd who battered down the door to enable Stephen Douglas to legally call the house to order. Pistols were brandished by several men of both parties, but no shots were actually fired and only votes, not lives, were lost.
While working as the foundry foreman, and carrying out his legislative duties, Will had begun studying medicine under Dr. Karl Menninger, and in 1893 went to the Chicago Homeopathic (Webster: "Homeopathy: a system of medical practice that treats a disease especially by the administration of minute doses of a remedy that would in healthy persons produce symptoms of the disease treated".) Medical School, Chicago, Illinois, to continue his studies. (One source says he also studied there in 1891-92, but that conflicts with his biography which puts him in Tennessee and back in Topeka at that time. This is probably a confusion with his study under Dr. Menninger.) Upon graduation with an A.M. (1895) and M.D. (1896), he entered practice in Topeka, opening an office at 725 Kansas Avenue (telephone 942, according to an ad for his practice.). In 1899 William was elected secretary of the State Board of Health, a position which he held until his death, and in March 1902 was chosen as a Trustee of Baker University, representing the Kansas Conference of the Methodist Church.
In 1900 William and Belle (censused as Bella) were living on Buchanan Street in Topeka, with his birth date given as Feb 1863 rather than 1864. They were censused adjacent to his parents James and Jane and sister Lottie.
That year William came into conflict with the state auditor. The Kansas Board of Health had voted to send him to the national convention of health boards at Atlantic City, New Jersey. When he submitted his expense account for reimbursement (railroad fare plus $15 for a hotel room for two weeks!), the auditor refused to allow the bill, stating that the health board had no right to use money for any purposes outside the state of Kansas. This despite the fact that the auditor had previously approved funds expended in Missouri. Feelings ran strong: Dr. Minick of the board, and the Governor's personal physician, said "The nine members are of sufficient standing financially to buy out the whole administration and not feel the outlay", arguing that the board wasn't complaining about the money, but the principal they should be able to spend the money given to the board as they see fit in carrying out their duties.
While on vacation with his family on Lake Michigan in 1902, Will and two friends decided to attempt rowing in the face of a rough sea. The boat capsized, and Will, being unable to swim, was drowned despite the efforts of his friends to rescue him. His body was returned home for burial in Topeka Cemetery.
William's wife Belle was the daughter of Henry Bennett, for whom an extensive biography can be found in A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans [Connelley, 1918] We abstract a few of the highlights here:
Henry served with the Chicago Board of Trade Battery for almost three years during the Civil War, and started a very successful construction business in Chicago before coming to Kansas in 1876. There he engaged in an impressively wide range of construction work, including buildings for the insane asylum at Ossawatomie, many of the state buildings in whole or in part, churches, banks, business blocks and many of the important structures for the Santa Fe Railway. In 1878 he went to Manhattan and put up several structures for the state at Manhattan, including the auditorium, the mechanical engineering building, the veterinary building and the original creamery building. (A KSU archive states that Henry Bennett of Silver Lake was awarded the contract for the interior work on Anderson Hall.) In 1888 he took the contract for remodeling the east wing of the State House as a senate chamber and put in between $250,000 and $300,000 of interior finish work on the central part of the building.
Some of the more conspicuous of his operations in Topeka alone have been the Governor Crawford Block, the Columbia, the Masonic Block, the Independent Telephone Building, the original Central National Bank Building, the National Hotel, the old Copeland Hotel which was destroyed by fire and the present fireproof building on the old site. He built the governor's mansion, the Topeka Library Building, and the Edison office building. After he had passed his seventieth birthday his organization undertook the new Santa Fe office building, the Grace Cathedral, and the Sunday School building of the First Methodist Church.
In 1891 Mr. Bennett went to Mexico and constructed the general offices, a depot and a hotel for the Gulf & Monterey railroad, and also built a number of stations between Monterey and Mexico City for the Mexican National Railway. He also had several contracts for construction work on the World's Fair grounds at Chicago, and put up the Territorial Building for the territories of Oklahoma, Arizona, New Mexico and Alaska. In 1896 he erected the National Hotel at Cripple Creek, Colorado, and has erected many buildings for the Santa Fe Railway Company all over the Southwest. When Oklahoma was open to settlement he had a contract with the Rock Island Railroad for building every station on that company's line in Oklahoma. That was one of his largest years and besides all of this work he put up the roundhouse and other buildings for the Rock Island at Blue Island, Illinois.
Mr. Bennett was a member of the First Methodist Episcopal Church in Topeka, a Knight Templar Mason, a past commander of the Loyal Legion in the State of Kansas, and belonged to the Rotary and the Topeka Commercial Clubs.
After William died, Belle took out permit #10724 for a $2,250 house at 914 Munson (then King) where she then lived with her father, who established an office in the building []. She appears as Belle B. Swan at this address in the 1902 Radge's Topeka City Directory, while William B. Swan has an entry listing his profession of physician, his position as secretary of the State Board of Heath, and his residence at 624 Buchanan Street. William drowned that year, and these separate listings probably represent "before and after" entries during the publishing process.
Belle appears in the 1905 census index for Topeka, age 33, but I have not seen the census itself to determine her residence address. Her place of birth is recorded there as Kansas, but this doesn't gibe with the biographies of her father.
I cannot find Belle in the 1910 census, but her father was censused in the 3rd ward in Topeka on a page [Series: T624 Roll: 457 Page: 43] that is so faded as to be almost entirely illegible, so Belle was probably listed there also but her entry not readable.
In 1920 Belle and her daughter were censused living with Henry on King Street in Topeka, her birthplace given as Illinois and her age as 49. Wilma was 17 years old. Both are listed with no occupation [Series: T625 Roll: 551 Page: 234].
On 13 Jul 1922 Belle B. Swan purchased lots 110, 112, and part of 114 on King Street in Giles subdivision [443:575]. This is now Munson Street, and the lots lie in the middle of the block between Western and Fillmore, around the corner and a block over from her where her in-laws, James and Marguerite Swan, had lived.
After William's death by drowning, Belle remarried to Charles B. Minor, and she is buried in the Bennett family plot in Topeka Cemetery, Section 69, Lot 136.
A child of William Brown and Belle B. (Bennett) Swan: Wilma Bennett. 
i    Swan, Wilma Bennett was born 1 Dec 1902 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas, died 21 May 1925 and was buried in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. 
Wilma's birth and death years given here are from her tombstone in Topeka Cemetery. The cemetery record says that she died of tuberculosis.
5    Swan, James Albert was born 29 Mar 1874.    

James Albert Swan  &  Marguerite "Maggie" Markley
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Markley Top  

James Albert Swan was born 29 Mar 1874 in Fond du Lac, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin and died 28 Jan 1937 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. 
James Albert was married to Marguerite "Maggie" 4 May 1898 in Topeka. 
Marguerite "Maggie" Markley was born 20 May 1875 in Indiana and died 29 Dec 1949 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of Aaron and Mary Alice (Mitchell) Markley. 

IMAGE: James_and_Maggie.jpg
James Albert Swan and Margaret (Maggie) Markley

James Albert, called "Burt" within the family, was much the youngest child, being born ten years after his brother Will. He was a small child when the family moved to Kansas. His name first appears in the Topeka directory of 1893-94 when he is listed as a brass molder, living with his parents.
According to The History of Highland Park [Anon., 1956], page 72, James Albert worked for the Hewitt Company, "a brass factory, located in the Santa Fe yards". An advertisement in The Santa Fe Magazine in 1918 described "The Hewitt Company" of Chicago as providing Babbitt Metals, "Machine Finished Standard Metallic Packing Rings". This is the kind of material used in the journal bearings for which his father had received patents in 1898 and 1903 . It seems quite likely that this is the company that maintained a branch in the Santa Fe yards in Topeka.
The The History of Highland Park goes on to say "Later he started a business of his own in a steel corregated building at his home. Because of transportation difficulties this business did not prosper and he went into the store department of the Santa Fe where he worked until his death". (These events must have been before 1907, when we know that Burt went to work as a clerk for the Santa Fe, and the home and business may have been on the Lane Street property, but of that we're not sure.) By 1909 he was a clerk auditor of disbursements, an assistant clerk and general storekeeper or clerk in the R. R. Store House [census] in 1910, and was listed as a clerk in the shops from 1916 until at least 1935.
On 25 Jul 1895, James bought twelve lots on Indiana Street next to the new Highland Park Addition. (Described as Lots 2, 4, and 16 [sic?] on Indiana and lots 6-8-10-12-14-16-17-18-19 on Indiana in Hughes Park Addition and Lot 20 on Indiana [223:265]. Lots on the west side of Indiana, within the Highland Park addition, carried odd numbers. Highland Park lots to the south, on both sides of the street were above 100, and Indiana was not platted north of 23rd.) I failed to examine the relevant plot maps, but it is likely that this purchase was on the east side of Indiana between Oriole (23rd) and Falcon (24th). The land was bought just five days after his father bought lots on Grand in downtown Topeka, and both were apparently buying investment property. The disposition of this Indiana Street property was not found in the Shawnee County deed index, but may simply have been overlooked in our search. Alternatively, this purchase might have been made by the James Swan, unrelated, who lived south of Topeka. The record of the sale (with the wife's name) would have to be found to determine this.
James Albert and Margaret were married, Wednesday, 4 May 1898, by George S. Dearborn, Minister of the Gospel at the Methodist Episcopal Church in Highland Park. Their son Albert in his genealogical notes says that they were married in the Markley home on the southeast corner of 29th (then Jay) and Minnesota Streets.
Burt and Maggie first made their home at 1194 Clay, across the street from his brother Hamilton and a block south of the dress making establishment of her parents. This is probably the lot 440 which Margaret's mother Mary Alice bought 13 Oct 1892, but I failed to examine the plat map carefully enough to determine this. This is probably the address given as 1161 Clay by their son Albert in his notes, and corrected by someone else to 1261, but those numbers would have been on the other side of the street. Here a least four of their boys were born. Burt bought lots 496 and 498 on Buchanan 28 Mar 1901 for $700, across the street from Mary Alice's dress making establishment. There they lived until 1905, according to Albert, when they moved to Highland Park.
On 15 Sep 1906 Burt bought for $35 land on the west side of Lane between 5th and Willow (fractional lots 127-29-31 and the N 1/2 of 133 [319:278], the block being quite small and trapezoidal in shape), and apparently mortgaged the lots to the Cheshire Provident Institution. However, our copy of that transaction [326:294 and 324:15] is incomplete and may be misinterpreted, as the day we wrote was 1 Sep, before the purchase. On 4 Nov 1910 they sold this property for $1200 [368:399], and so must have had a home or business built on it during that period. Whether they lived there for a time and did not in fact move to Highland Park until 1910, is unknown (but see below).
About the same time as the Lane Street purchase, James bought the six lots on the west side of Ohio Steet in Highland Park, 1 Sep 1906, from Cornelia Curry [326:299]. These were directly across the street from the six lots that Mary Alice Markley bought the next month. Then, in December, Aaron Markley bought the next two lots and house on the east side of the street. Surely the two families planned these purchases together.
The location was a choice one in the Park, as the electric train line to Topeka ran along 28th Street right by these properties. Converted from the old steam line in 1903, the route started in a loop in downtown Topeka, ran across the Shunganunga Creek and through a pasture to 21st and Maryland. There it ran south to 28th where it turned and ran several miles east to Vinewood Park. This was a wooded area developed by the Edison Electric Company with lagoons, band shell, skating rink, dancing pavilion, and other fairground type of amusements. The electric line from there continued east as a freight line to the stone quarry about where Lake Shawnee is now located. Regular freight runs were made carrying supplies for Vinewood and feed and machinery to the farmers, and returning with grain, crushed rock, and often cattle and sheep destined for Topeka. While the freight movements might have seemed a nuisance, that was surely more than offset by the ready passenger access both to Vinewood, and every forty five minues to downtown Topeka. This service continued until 1926 when the trains were replaced by bus service ['The History of Highland Park'].
IMAGE: James_Hamilton_Aaron_1910.jpg
James A. Swan, his uncle Hamilton Swan,
and father-in-law Aaron Markley, 1910 census

Margaret's parents Aaron and Mary Alice Markley had purchased the eight lots in Highland Park on the east side of Ohio at 28th Street in 1906. These had been passed on to their children (the details are not known), and on 19 Aug 1919 Margaret and James Albert sold them to his brother Hamilton [452:288]. By this time they had have been living for some fourteen years in the house across the street at 2809 which they made their home for the rest of their lives. That was the first house built by Ham on Ohio. (Burt much later also bought lot 253, either the house south of 2809, or an empty lot, on 18 Oct 1923 [502:488].)
Burt bought the corner lots (241-43-45) between his land and 28th from Cornelius Curry 1 Sep 1906 [326:299], and sold them to his brother Ham 7 May 1909. That was the same time he bought the Lane Street property described above. Then, on 9 Jul 1926 Burt repurchased those corner lots and house from W. C. Lamb for $1 and other considerations, probably an exchange of property. Apparently Ham had sold the house he built there (where he lived in 1914) probably around the time he purchased the Markley property across the street in 1919.
A few months after selling the corner lots on Ohio to Ham, and while owning the Lane Street property, Burt on 19 Oct 1909 purchased, for $200, three quarters of a square mile (SW 1/4 and the W 1/2 of the SE 1/4 of Section 27.T11.R15, from the Coromedo Development Company [324:237]) on the Kaw (Kansas) River in west Topeka. This land is now bisected by Interstate 70, but includes the present location of the Governor's Mansion. We missed finding the sale of this property, which is unfortunate, as the record of the sale would confirm, by his wife's name, that this buyer was indeed our James Albert Swan.
On 8 Jul 1926 Burt and Maggie mortgaged the three corner lots for $2000, to be repaid to the Capitol Building and Loan Association of $22.20 monthly until July of 1938. Two months later, on 23 Sep 1926, they took out an additional mortgage on the property of $200, to be repaid at the rate of $2.22 monthly. The larger loan was repaid in full by 1935, but the small loan continued until its original maturity date. This is the home, then numbered 2801, that our parents moved into before 1931, and purchased from James Albert and Margaret in 1937.
Maggie's name was spelled "Marguerite" by her father Aaron in recording her birth in the family bible. It was also printed that way on her high school graduation program. There she headed the list of speakers, reciting "The Painter of Seville" on 2 May 1894 at the Highland Park Chapel. All later spellings I've seen have been "Margaret", but she was known mostly as "Maggie", even at age 5 on the 1880 census.
The six children of James Albert and Marguerite "Maggie" (Markley) Swan: Albert Markley, Donald Eugene, Paul Reese, James Aaron, Francis Hamilton and Margaret Louise. 
1    Swan, Albert Markley was born 9 Dec 1899 in Topeka and died 25 Dec 1968 in Topeka.  He was married to Lillian Evangeline Jeanette Harrison 16 Mar 1940 in White City, Kansas.  Lillian Evangeline Jeanette was born 30 Sep 1908 in Dwight, Morris, Kansas and died 21 May 1993 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of Charles Henry and Hilda Elizabeth (Tysell) Harrison. 
Albert and Lillian were married in the home of J. J. Richards, the pastor who performed the wedding ceremony. The license had been obtained at Alma, Kansas. They lived with his parents for some years at 2809 Ohio, then moved to 1434 Washburn in 1946. Albert for most of his life was an electrician, and owned the Swan Electric Company at 1414 West 15th Street in Topeka. His brother Fritz in 1937 worked for him and received mail at that location, and may have lived in the building at that time.
On 2 Mar 1918 Albert enlisted in Company A, Ninth Battalion, of the Kansas State Guard, and was promoted to Corporal 29 July of that year. He was then discharged 16 Aug 1918 from the Kansas State Guard because he had enlisted in the Kansas National Guard, although his State Guard enlistment had been "for the peroid [sic] of the war and one year thereafter", according to the printed discharge document. According to a source I've since lost, he entered the Army 1 Oct 1918. Then, on 9 Dec 1918 Albert received his honorable discharge from the Army of the United States by reason of the expiration of his term of service at Washburn College in Topeka.
Al and at least two of his brothers, Dad and Fritz, were amateur radio enthusiasts. Al gave his return address on a 1962 letter to Fritz in New Mexico as "W0JCZ, 1414 W. 15th St., Topeka, Kansas", thus identifying himself by his ham call letters.
Undated]. These notes were found in Lillian's home after her death in 1993 by their niece, Vickie (Dial) Smith, who had looked after Lillian in the later years of her life. They have been cited above, primarily in the life of his grandfather James W. Swan.
Albert's Social Security number was #511-32-4471, issued in 1951, and the SS Death Index indicates that he was born 9 Dec 1899 (which is correct) and that his last benefit payment was Dec 1968 at Zip Code 66604, in the south part of Topeka.
According to the Social Security records, another Albert Swan, #511-36-8785, was born 10 Nov 1899, about a month before Al, and died Jul 1985 in Topeka at Zip Code 66605.
Lillian's Social Security number was 512-50-0459, issued in Kansas 1963 or 1964, and the Death Index gives her birth and death dates.
2    Swan, Donald Eugene was born 28 Dec 1900 in Topeka, died 10 Oct 1991 in Bedford, Tarrant, Texas and was buried in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  He was married to Percita Robbins Waggoner 4 May 1935 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  Percita Robbins was born 28 Sep 1906 in Topeka, died 1 May 1994 in Keller, Tarrant, Texas and was buried in Topeka Cemetery, Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of Albert Tenney and Margaret Grace (Jones) Waggoner. 
IMAGE: Don_and_Percita.jpg
Don and Percita (Waggoner) Swan

Don worked for 20 years at the Topeka Supply Depot. Late in life, he and Percita moved in Aug 1990 to Bedford, Texas, in order to be closer to their daughter, Mary Alice. He was buried in Topeka Cemetery.
Don's Social Security number was 709-16-1304, which is interesting, because that number was not in the 510- and 511- range issued in Kansas. For some reason, no Zip Code was recorded for his last Social Security payment, but his birth date and death year were correctly recorded.
The two children of Donald Eugene and Percita Robbins (Waggoner) Swan: Mary Alice and Jean Rosanne "Annie". 
i    Swan, Mary Alice was born 6 Mar xxxx in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was married to Charles "Chuck" Black 16 Nov 1957.  Charles "Chuck" was born 30 Aug xxxx in Henryetta, Okmulgee, Oklahoma.  He was the son of Charles Frank and Lois Velma (Hawkins) Black. 
The three children of Charles "Chuck" and Mary Alice (Swan) Black: Teri Dawn, Timothy David and Thomas Daniel. 
1    Black, Teri Dawn was born 24 Apr xxxx in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was married to Mark Johnson 24 Apr 1982.  Mark was born 24 Apr xxxx. 
The three children of Mark and Teri Dawn (Black) Johnson: Adam Robert, Katrina Marie and Alex Charles. 
i    Johnson, Adam Robert was born 16 Jul xxxx in Minneapolis, Minnesota. 
ii    Johnson, Katrina Marie was born 30 May xxxx in Germantown, Maryland. 
iii    Black, Alex Charles was born 3 May xxxx in Shawnee, Kansas. 
2    Black, Timothy David was born 6 Jul xxxx in Aurora, Kane, Illinois.  He was married to Jennifer Margaret Harris 12 Nov 1994. 
The two children of Timothy David and Jennifer Margaret (Harris) Black: Addison Rebeka and Megan Elizabeth. 
i    Black, Addison Rebeka was born 25 Nov xxxx in Dublin, Ohio. 
ii    Black, Megan Elizabeth was born 19 Sep xxxx in Southwick, Massachusetts. 
3    Black, Thomas Daniel was born 30 Sep xxxx.  He was married to Micaela Bergstrom. 
Tom, Micaela and their son Evan reside in Indianapolis where Tom is doing his residency in emergency medicine and critical care [Personal Communication, 2006, Mary Black].
A child of Thomas Daniel and Micaela (Bergstrom) Black: Evan Thomas. 
i    Black, Evan Thomas was born 1 Sep xxxx in Galveston, Texas. 
ii    Swan, Jean Rosanne "Annie" was born 6 Jun xxxx.  She was married (1) to John Albert Corn 28 Nov 1968.  John Albert was born 12 Jul xxxx in Saint Joseph, Buchanan, Missouri.  He was the son of John Henry and Anna Lee (Hill) Corn.  She was married (2) to Gary Armstrong 5 May 1990 in Saginaw, Michigan. 
According to her sister (Personal Communication, April 2004), Rosanne had her name legally changed to Annie Swan Armstrong. Annie herself got in touch with me in Nov 2009, and her name is now Annie Robbins Swan.
3    Swan, Paul Reese was born 15 Oct 1903.    
4    Swan, James Aaron was born 13 Sep 1904 in Topeka and died 9 Jun 1964 in California.  He was married to Inez LeClerc 16 Oct 1939 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  Inez was born 1 Feb 1903 in Hutchinson, Kansas and died 15 Dec 1992 in Grants Pass, Josephine, Oregon.  She was the daughter of Harry and May (Sample) LeClerc. 
A letter from his brother Fritz in Mexico City was sent to Jim at 11057 South Atlantic Ave., Lynwood, California, and the envelope later returned to Fritz for the Mexican stamp. Unfortunately the cancellation is faint and the date unreadable, but there is another registered envelope to Fritz from Jim at that same address on 20 Jul 1957. Lynwood is in greater Los Angeles, some twelve miles east of the L. A. airport, and a few miles south and east of Watts.
I did have an address for Jim and Inez in May 1957 at 8530 Lemoran Avenue, Riveria, a town just north of Santa Monica, and four miles west of Beverly Hills, California.
Apparently Jim did not receive Social Security payments, probably because he worked for the Santa Fe all of his life. However, there was a James Swan recorded, #150-09-5491, who was born less than six months before Jim in 1904, and who died one month before he did in 1964.
5    Swan, Francis Hamilton was born 26 Oct 1908 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas and died 22 Jan 1984 in Alamogordo, Otero, New Mexico. 
The two main activities of interest to Fritz were radio electronics and stamp collecting. He apparently at one time had a ham radio license, but his main interest was in building electronic gadgets and listening, as did our father, to short wave transmissions from around the globe.
At his death Fritz left behind with his friends of many years, Susan and Michael Shyne, all of his personal possessions. Included in these effects was a collection of envelopes he had received (or, in a few cases, mailed), some still with the letters, some empty. From these, we have been able to reconstruct a list of the places Fritz lived over the years.
The earliest envelope in this set was obviously saved for its philatelic value, as it bore a "first day" cachet and was cancelled in Atlanta, Georgia, 2 May 1928. Apparently the envelope had travelled on a New Orleans to New York airmail flight before continuing to Fritz's address at 2809 Ohio. The next envelope was from his mother, sent to him 21 Jul 1928 at Walden, Colorado, where he was presumably vacationing.
There follows a gap of over nine years in Fritz's collection of old envelopes. We then find him receiving mail in January 1937 at 1414 West 15th Street in Topeka, his brother Al's Swan Electric Company business address. He probably worked there for Al, and may have lived at the shop as well. However, by the time of his notice to appear for his Selective Service examination 17 Jul 1942, he was back living with his mother at 2809 Ohio. In October 1942 and February, 1943, Fritz received mail at 721 Washington Blvd., Kansas City, Kansas. The first letter was from a friend Cleora discussing army matters, and enclosing a newspaper clipping reporting his sister Louise's marriage to Martin Tritt. The other envelope had as a return address the Officers Mess at Topeka Army Air Field. On 17 May 1943 Fritz received a draft notice, classifying him as "1C", but he had already mailed a letter to Cleora Campbell on 22 Mar 1943 and given his return address as "Pvt. F. H. Swan 17058639, R. C. 1773, Fort Levenworth Kans." The reason for this sequence of events is somewhat obscure.
Twelve days after his draft classification notice was mailed, he was back in Topeka at the Army Air Base where Lieut. J. T. Pierce signed a pass (typed on a three by five inch file card) entitling Fritz "to be admitted at any time" to the Office of the Officer-in-Charge, Signal Section, 307th Depot. On the reverse was another typed note good for admittance to the "confidential radio room", also signed by J. T. Pierce. Jack Pierce became a long time friend of Fritz, as we have a letter he mailed 15 Oct 1945 from Irumagawa, Japan, discussing a Japanese radio receiver he had "liberated" and sent to Fritz at 2809 Ohio. Incidently, John was incensed at that time about being marooned in Japan because the longshoremen were on strike, and there was no transport available back to the U. S.
After Pierce did return to this country, on 3 Dec 1945 he sent to Fritz in Topeka a series of six small photographs taken at various locations in Japan. His letter, with the photographs taped on, was written from the Madigan General Hospital in Tacoma, Washington, where he was recuperating from some illness. The letter mentions that he had been corresponding with various photographic and cartoonist schools, and was anxious to get back to an artistic profession. He also hoped that Fritz might "drop in with Henrietta" to visit, indicating that she had been on his staff along with Fritz. By 19 Dec Fritz received a letter from his mother addressed to him at 4125 Brooklyn, Seattle, Washington, so presumably did in fact journey there to see his friend.
In May of 1947 Fritz sent a letter to his mother postmarked Camp Verde, Arizona, and the next month our Dad sent him a letter at 4628 Date Street, La Mesa, California. This was evidently a vacation to the southwestern part of the country, and possibly the time in which he first became aquainted with the areas to which he would later return to live the rest of his life. On 9 Jun 1948 he received a registered letter from Jack Pierce (at 2613 12th Ave. No., Seattle) addressed to him at 2615 Virginia Street, Topeka. This was the address of his brother Don, and confirms my vague recollection that he lived for a time with Don and Percita before building his own house at 2807 Ohio. Exactly when over the next years he built this small home next to ours, with Dad's help, is not known. There he received in April, 1953, a postcard titled "Official Bulletin Nr. Umpteen From KVRC Hdqrs., Police Department, 5th & Jackson, Topeka" requesting his presence at the next meeting of the Kaw Valley Radio Club.
Soon after our father died, Fritz sold his house to mother and moved to Truth or Consequences, New Mexico. Although he continued to correspond with his brothers for several years, as far as we know Fritz never returned to Kansas. While in New Mexico he lived first at several addresses in "T or C" from August 1954 through July 1956. He then moved to La Luz, New Mexico, just outside of Alamogordo, where he lived from August, 1956 through January 1957.
Fritz gave to his brother Jim a power of attorney dated 16 May 1957 to sell for him approximately 200 acres of subdivided land in Los Angeles County. By 20 July 1957 Fritz had moved back to Truth or Consequences, where he received a registered letter from Jim (at 11057 Atlantic, Lynwood, CA) on that date. Fritz's address there was 618 Silver Street until he left for California. However, the date of his move from New Mexico is somewhat unclear. A return notice from the Society of Philatelic Americans was sent 20 Dec 1957 to him at 8530 Lemoran Avenue, Rivera, California, acknowledging his change of address. But he continued to receive mail at 618 Silver Street through May of 1958. Then, by September of that year, mail was being forwarded to him at the Lemoran Avenue address, but by May or June of 1959 he was back in New Mexico where he stayed for the rest of his life. What the connection was between the California land he asked Jim to sell in 1957, and the Rivera address he lived at late that year and early 1958, is presently unknown.
6    Swan, Margaret Louise was born 9 Feb 1924 in Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri and died 21 Oct 1991 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was married (1) to Martin Tritt.  Martin was born 22 Oct 1922 in Jennings, Decatur, Kansas.  He was the son of Oscar and ____ (____) Tritt.  She was married (2) to Royce Dial 8 Nov 1965 in Charleston, Kanawha, West Virginia.  Royce was born 26 Dec xxxx in Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia.  He was the son of Elijah Allen and Thena Mae (Williamson) Dial. 
Margaret Louise, whose natal name was Helen Lucille Ebner, was adopted as a five months old baby by James and Margaret. She was born in Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri, at 12:45 pm, 9 Feb 1924. Louise's original birth certificate states that her mother, Mildred Ebner, was 17 years old and was born in Haskins, Iowa. Mildred lived at 2905 Campbell Avenue in Kansas City, and worked as a Telephone Operator. The place of birth was given as Kansas City General Hospital, the attending physician was Joseph G. Webster. The father's name was blanked out on the certified copy of the birth certificate released 29 Nov 1991 to Louise's daughter Vickie by the Local Registrar of the State of Missouri. (Vickie tells me (July, 1994) that she has found records of Mildred Ebner in Haskins, Iowa, and will send me the details of her parents and siblings.)
Louise's adoption was approved 5 Jul 1924 in the Juvenile and Circuit Court of Jackson County, Missouri, at Kansas City. The original order appears as No. A 3468 in book 12, page 413, and was witnessed 12 Jul 1924 by the Clerk of the Court. It is interesting that James and Margaret on 1 Mar 1944 obtained from the state of Missouri a certificate of birth for Louise. In that document Margaret certifies that she "attended" the birth, but it in no way indicates that she and James were not Louise's natural parents.
Louise graduated from Highland Park High School in 1942, and was a member of the Highland Park United Methodist Church. She died 21 Oct 1991 in a Topeka hospital, and was buried 24 Oct in Topeka Cemetery.
Royce was stationed at Forbes Air Base, near Topeka, until 1967.
A child of Martin and Margaret Louise (Swan) Tritt: Virgie Louise. 
i    Ratliff-Tritt, Virgie Louise was born 23 Nov xxxx in Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri.  She was married (1) to Ernie Bouten.  She was married (2) to Leroy Dengault. 
Virgie Louise was adopted by Louise and Martin after several years of being a foster child in their care.
A child of Ernie and Virgie Louise (Ratliff-Tritt) Bouten: Danny. 
1    Bouten, Danny was born 28 Mar xxxx in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. 
A child of Leroy and Virgie Louise (Ratliff-Tritt) Dengault: ____. 
1    Denault, ____. 
A child of Royce and Margaret Louise (Swan) Dial: Vickie Lou. 
i    Dial, Vickie Lou was born 19 May xxxx in Topeka.  She was married to Brian Lynn Smith 28 Jul 1990.  Brian Lynn was born 29 Jul xxxx.  He was the son of Jessie Dale and Joyce (Rinehart) Smith. 
Vickie found the genealogical notes of her uncle Albert, and pictures of Jane and James Swan in the effects of Al's widow Lillian after her death. We are grateful to her for making copies of these very valuable documents available to us. Vickie and Brian live SE California Avenue, Topeka, KS 66605.
(785) 266 8404
A child of Brian Lynn and Vickie Lou (Dial) Smith: Brianne Louise. 
1    Smith, Brianne Louise was born 10 Feb xxxx in Topeka. 

Paul Reese Swan  &  Mildred Louise Hartzell
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Hartzell Top  

Paul Reese Swan was born 15 Oct 1903 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas and died 11 Oct 1953 in Topeka. 
Paul Reese was married to Mildred Louise 4 Jun 1927 in Topeka. 
Mildred Louise Hartzell was born 11 Jan 1903 in Mulhall, Logan, Oklahoma Territory and died 3 Jul 1989 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas.  She was the daughter of John Eaton and Mary Jane "Merrie" (Alford) Hartzell. 

IMAGE: Mom_and_Dad.jpg
Paul and Mildred were married in Topeka Saturday, 4 June 1927, by the Rev. C. Clark Buckner, Minister of the Gospel in the Christian Church. It is not known where the marriage ceremony took place. Dr. Buckner had been born in 1887, and was a graduate of Christian University, now Culver-Stockton College, in northeastern Missouri. He held pastorates in Indiana, Illinois, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Nebraska before coming to Topeka, and in Texas and Missouri subsequently. He initiated in Missouri (as did Lyndon Johnson in Texas) the National Youth Administration program under President Roosevelt in 1935.
‘The Santa Fe Magazine’, November, 1953].
Dad purchased the three corner lots #241-3-5 on Ohio, which he renumbered as 2801, from his father 8 Dec 1936. These included also the home which had been built by his uncle Ham Swan. The deed states that he assumed the balance due on two notes, of $1785 and $200, payable to the Capitol Building and Loan Association. Those notes had been taken out ten years earlier by our grandparents, and the payments of $22.20 and $2.22 per month were to run until 1938. We believe that mother and dad had been renting the home from grandfather Swan since about 1930, but the exact date of their move to Highland Park is not known.
Mildred's parents moved to Mulhall in 1898, two years after they married, when Mildred's father transfered from Norman, Oklahoma to become manager of the Carey-Lombard Lumber Company in Mulhall. (This biography is an abridged version of one written in 1993 by Leo K. Thiessen, Mildred's son-in-law. We thank him for the care he took in creating this memorial to mother.) On June 30, 1904, when she was just one and a half years old, her father died quite suddenly from a bowel obstruction. He had resigned from the lumber company shortly before his death to engage in farming, possibly with his in-laws, John Weller and Elizabeth (Teeter) Alford who were farming near Mulhall.
About 1909, Mildred moved with her family to Guthrie, Oklahoma, where her mother was a seamstress and ran a boardinghouse for the state legislators in order to support her family. Merrie also taught school at times. In 1917, the family moved to Topeka, Kansas, so that her brother Lawrence could become a boiler maker apprentice in the Santa Fe railway shops. Mildred attended the eight grade at Lincoln Grade School and completed the 9th grade of Junior High in 1919. She then worked at Crosby Brothers Department Store in Topeka until 1922. During her last year there, she also attended the Strickler School of Business, learning to be a comptometer operator. She went to work in 1922 for the W. A. L. Thompson Wholesale Hardware Company as a comptometer operator, and worked there until her marriage in 1927.
One of Mildred's friends for most of her life was Loretta Arens. Loretta worked as a teller in one of the banks in Topeka, as I recall. The Social Security file shows a Loretta Arens born 28 Aug 1902 and died in February of 1987, her last residence being Sebastian, Indian River, Florida. This may well be Mildred's friend, as the date of birth is just before Mildred's, and we do remember her retiring and moving away from Topeka.
A few years after their marriage, Mildred and Paul set up their home at 2801 Ohio in the Highland Park section southeast of Topeka, Kansas. (See the description of Paul's uncle Hamilton Brown Swan for the history of this house which Ham built before 1909.) Mildred lived there until 1981 at which time she sold the house and moved into an apartment in Mission Towers on East 29th, behind the Highland Park Methodist Church. Just across Minnesota on that corner is the location of the home of Aaron Markley, Paul's grandfather, who bought that land in 1885, and where Paul's parents James Aaron and Marguerite (Markley) Swan were married.
As a young wife and mother, Mildred was active in the Brownie Scout organization when Pat was small, and served as President of the Topeka Girl Scout Council. She worked in grade school activities and the Sunday School. Mildred was an active member for over fifty years of the Highland Park Methodist Church which she joined 9 Dec 1934, and where Patricia and Paul, Jr., were baptised 9 Jun 1940. She was also a graduate of the well known Menninger Bible Study Classes conducted in Topeka by the wife of Dr. Karl Menninger.
Mildred became a member of the Order Of The Eastern Star, as was her mother since the family's days in Mulhall. Mildred was initiated into Buelah Chapter in Topeka on 20 October 1923, and was later chosen for Buelah Belles.
When Paul died of cancer in October, 1953, Mildred renewed her business skills by taking a six week refresher course as a comptometer operator at Clark's Secretarial School. She then went to work 23 Mar 1954 for the Kansas Corporation Commission, and moved 1 Sep 1955 to the Department of Administration where she verified vouchers and payrolls. While working there she took a twelve week course in basic accounting in 1959, and then transfered into the Department of Public Instruction, 19 Apr 1960. There her job was as a traveling auditor of the School Lunch Program in the smaller towns' schools throughout Kansas. Mildred moved from the traveling job to work in the office in July, 1964, where she worked until she retired 31 Dec 1967.
Mildred was able to live comfortably and independently after her retirement. One of her favorite recreations, both during her marriage and later, was playing bridge, and she was a member of many bridge clubs over the years. She remained very active in all of the church groups and served the Topeka Rescue Mission as volunteer and secretary. Mildred liked to travel and was able to do so both while she worked and during her retirement. She was a member of the Topeka Travel Club and thus was usually able to travel with friends and acquaintances. During this time Mildred traveled to all of the continents, except for Antartica, some more than once.
After Paul died, his youngest brother Fritz, who lived in a small house he had build next door on the first lot of their parents' property, wanted to leave for the southwest. Mildred on 12 Nov 1953 purchased the house, 2807 Ohio, and sold it in 1971, the deed being transferred 28 Aug 1981 when the mortgage was paid off. She sold her own longtime home at 2801 Ohio on 13 May 1981.
Mildred enjoyed excellent health until late December, 1987, at which time she began to have many health problems. She spent the last 6 1/2 months of her life in the Manor House nursing home in Topeka. The official cause of her death was heart failure, but she suffered from many other ailments. Her will, dated 21 Jul 1964, bequeathed to her daughter Patricia Thiessen her diamond ring, dishes, and glassware, and to her daughter-in-law Mildred Louise Swan her silverware. The residue of the estate was given to Patricia and her son Paul, share and share alike.
At Paul's death in 1953, a gift of an altar bible had been given to the Highland Park Methodist Church in his memory. Thirty six years later the scriptures were read from this bible at Mildred's funeral service.
The two children of Paul Reese and Mildred Louise (Hartzell) Swan: Paul Reese and Patricia Lee "Pat". 
1    Swan, Paul Reese was born 7 Feb 1929.    
2    Swan, Patricia Lee "Pat" was born 19 Nov xxxx in Topeka.  She was married to Leo Kurtis Thiessen 26 Aug 1956 in Topeka.  Leo Kurtis was born 26 Sep xxxx in Inman, McPherson, Kansas.  He was the son of Henry D. and Tina D. (Klaassen) Thiessen. 
The two children of Leo Kurtis and Patricia Lee "Pat" (Swan) Thiessen: Amy Susanne and Julie Marie. 
i    Thiessen, Amy Susanne was born 14 May xxxx in Wichita, Sedgwick, Kansas. 
ii    Thiessen, Julie Marie was born 12 Oct xxxx in Atchison, Atchison, Kansas.  She was married to Duane Orval Hartshorn 22 Jun 1986 in Denver, Denver, Colorado.  Duane Orval was born 12 Jan xxxx in Canada. 
The four children of Duane Orval and Julie Marie (Thiessen) Hartshorn: Denzel Henry, Lucy Ann, Ella Sue and Meam Kathlene. 
1    Hartshorn, Denzel Henry was born 19 Jan xxxx in Ann Arbor, Washtenaw, Michigan. 
Weighed 7# 4oz, was 21.5 inches long, at birth.
2    Hartshorn, Lucy Ann was born 15 May xxxx in Ann Arbor. 
3    Hartshorn, Ella Sue was born 26 Jan xxxx in Grand Junction, Colorado. 
4    Hartshorn, Meam Kathlene was born 12 Mar xxxx in Grand Junction. 
Meam Kathleen Hartshorn arrived 7:30 pm Friday March 12, 1999 in Grand Junction, Colorado, St. Marys Hospital. Arrival aided by father, Duane, and of course the mother. All doing just fine. Weighs 8 lb. 2 oz. A real Whopper, according to grandmother Pat.

Paul Reese Swan  &  Mildred Louise "Millie" Hamilton
William 1 , Charles 2 , James W. 3 , James Albert 4 , Paul Reese 5 , Paul Reese 6 Top  

Paul Reese Swan was born 7 Feb 1929 in Topeka, Shawnee, Kansas. 
Paul Reese was married to Mildred Louise "Millie" 7 Jun 1951 in McKeesport, Allegheny, Pennsylvania. 
Mildred Louise "Millie" Hamilton was born 22 Jul 1930 in McKeesport and died 21 Sep 1998 in Sunnyvale, Santa Clara, California.  She was the daughter of George Oliver and Florence Mae (Johnson) Hamilton. 

The three children of Paul Reese and Mildred Louise "Millie" (Hamilton) Swan: Deborah Lee "Deb", Paul Reese III and Mark Hamilton. 

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