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© Paul R. Swan    2 Jul 2013 16:08 Return to Home Page Hide All Notes Swan~Hartzell Family History


GULLILAND GENEALOGY


GULLILAND, DAVID 1
m  AGNES WHITEFOORD
b 1665      
b ____      
GULLILAND, DAVID 2
m  JANET WHITEFOORD
b 1689      
b 1700      
GULLILAND, AGNES 3
m  JOHN BROWN
b 1724      
b 1724      

Introduction

The three generations of our Gulliland ancestry are documented in the Kilbirnie Parish Registers of Ayrshire, Scotland. These records were extracted and are available on the Family Search website's International Genealogical Index (IGI) for the British Isles [Batch Number C115962].
It is interesting that the middle one of our three Gullilands, David born 1689 and whose mother was Agnes Whitefoord, himself married a Whitefoord, Janet. I do not know what the relationship might have been between Agnes and Janet, but have no doubt that in that small town of Kilbirnie they were in some way relatives.
On the web page of the Clan Gilliland we can read that the Gilliland name, or MacGill'fhaolain in the Gaelic language, comes from Scotland and Ireland. There are many different spellings, but they all lead back to one spelling Gill'fhaolain, ancient spelling Gylfhalan. Gill'fhaolain means servant or steward.
A map of this part of Scotland made in 1745, two years before Agnes Gulliland married John Brown, is shown here. It is a detail from "The Shire of Renfrew with Cuningham" by Herman Mole, Bowles and Bowles, London, 1745. The inland areas were so poorly known at that time that "Kilbirnan" and its adjacent "Kilbirne" Loch are shown far to the east of their actual location. Cuningham, showing diagonally across the image, is the name of one of the three districts from which Ayrshire arose.
IMAGE: Kilbirnie_1745.jpg
Kilbirnie, Scotland, 1745

As I was loading this page to the web, I came across an interesting web site entitled "Gilliland Trails, A Family Genealogy Forum". In particular, they have a page entitled The Gullilands of Ayrshire which has an extensive discussion of the spelling of the Gulliland surname, as well as of details of the families in Kilbirnie.

David Gulliland  &  Agnes Whitefoord
David 1 , David 2 , Agnes 3 Top  

David Gulliland was born about 1665. 
David was married to Agnes 23 Aug 1688 in Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland. 
Agnes Whitefoord . 

The hearth tax of 1691 for Kilbirnie listed three men named David Guliland (without the double "l") and one recorded as David Gulieland. Assuming marriage no earlier than age 20 (in order to be the owner of a home with a hearth in 1691), these four must have been born before 1670, so all are candidates for our progenitor David Gulliland.
Two of these men owned homes, one identified as "in Stonyholme", which were taxed for two hearths, indicating more than just the minimum housing. (The Laird of Kilbirnie was taxed for 20 hearths in his manor; of almost 100 homes in the parish, only 15 had two or more hearths.) The hearth tax, incidently, was levied to provide funds for the relief of the poor of the parish.
There is a record of a marriage of David Gulliland to Agnes (Whitefoord) in Kilbirnie on the whiteford.itgo.com web site. The date is given as 23 6th month 1688, and the source is said to be OPR records in Glasgow. I assume a date given in this form means the month of August, although the other Kilbirnie records I've seen don't use this notation, but specify the month my by name. I'll record the marriage as in August, but warn that this may be in error.
A child of David and Agnes (Whitefoord) Gulliland: David
1    Gulliland, David was baptised 23 Jun 1689.    

David Gulliland  &  Janet Whitefoord
David 1 , David 2 , Agnes 3 Whitefoord Top  

David Gulliland was baptized 23 Jun 1689 in Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland. 
David was married to Janet 6 Aug 1723 in Kilbirnie. 
Janet Whitefoord was baptized 17 Mar 1700 in Kilbirnie.  She was the daughter of Hew and Jeane (Mackie) Whitefoord. 

Aside from his baptism, marriage and fatherhood, I know nothing else of this second generation Gulliland ancestor of ours.
Janet's name at her own birth was spelled Whitefoord, but at the birth of her daughter Agnes her name was spelled Whiteford.
IMAGE: Janet_Whitefoord_birth.gif
Janet, Lawfl daughter to Hew Whitefoord wea___
and Jeane Mackie ead. d.

The record of her marriage gives her name as Jannet Whiteford.
A child of David and Janet (Whitefoord) Gulliland: Agnes
1    Gulliland, Agnes was baptised 21 Jun 1724.    

Agnes Gulliland  &  John Brown
David 1 , David 2 , Agnes 3 Brown Top  

Agnes Gulliland was baptized 21 Jun 1724 in Kilbirnie, Ayrshire, Scotland. 
Agnes was married to John 8 Feb 1747 in Ardrossan, Ayrshire, Scotland. 
John Brown was born about 1724. 

That John Brown and Agnes Gulliland are the parents of William Brown is somewhat less well established than later generations discussed in the introduction to this lineage, because William named his first and only son Alexander, not John. However, the naming conventions may not have taken root quite this early, so the lack of this particular kind of evidence as to Alexander's grandfather can only be cautionary.
On the positive side, the date and location of the birth of their son William, born in Crofthead and baptised in Ardrossan in 1748 are what one could reasonably expect for our William's parents.
IMAGE: William_Brown_Ardrossan.gif
John Broun weaver in Crofthead & Agnes Guileland had a lawfl Son called
William born Jany ye 11th baptized the 24th 1748

I had originally believed that this "Crofthead" referred to a town just north of the town of Kilwinning. However, Margaret Scott points out that there defintely was an area called Crofthead in Saltcoats. It is now called Manse Street, and it houses among other establishments the North Ayrshire Museum and a graveyard. She notes that if the town Crofthead were meant, the birth record in Ardrossan would have stated "Crofthead, Kilwinning". Manse Street is west of the dividing line in Saltcoats between Ardrossan Parish on the west, and Stevenston Parish on the east, so the record in the Ardrossan Parochial Register would not have explicitly named a parish in conjunction with the designation Crofthead.
Another John Brown reasonably close to Ardrossan was the son of John and Margarat Brown born in Irvine, five miles down the coast, on 12 Jan 1724. He would have been 24 at the time William was born. I'm leaving the question of John's identity completely open at this time since John and Agnes could have moved to Crofthead from somewhere else before the birth of William. In Northern Ayrshire, within eight or ten miles of Ardrossan, there were over two dozen John Browns born between 1722 and 1732!
Identifying the marriage of John and Agnes was made somewhat difficult by the highly variable spelling of her surname throughout the Ayrshire records. (The IGI for Scotland has Gulliland and Gilliland as the most common spellings, indexed separately, but 19 spellings in all appear there.) There's only one marriage, however, of about the right date.
IMAGE: Brown_Gulliland_marriage.gif
John Brown and Agnes Guliland in this
parish hath given in their Names for procla
mation in Order for Marriage Jany 30th
Married Febuary Eigth 1747

The three records of that marriage submitted to the IGI spell it Gilinland, but that spelling does not appear in any other record in all of Scotland. Except when citing specific sources, I'll use Gulliland as that is the spelling recorded in the SCR for Agnes' birth and that of her father.
The Scottish Church Records (SCR) entry for William Brown's birth shows the parents as John Broun and Agnes Guileland. After that, John's name is consistently spelled Brown. The spelling Broun seems to have been the choice in earlier years. The SCR entries for the births of Jannet and Marion spell their mother's name as Gulieland, and for the youngest child Jean it's spelled Guileland, as it was for William, the eldest.
The birth of James born 5 Feb 1750 in Ardrossan to John Brown and Agnes Gilinland [IGI] does not appear in the Scottish Church Records nor the Ardrossan Parochial Registers, so where the information for the submission to the IGI came from, with a complete date, is unknown. It's possible that this is one of the records obtained from a Monumental Inscription, statuary memorials of Northern Ayrshire which are, unfortunately, only available in the Ardrossan Library. (These inscriptions were copied in 1983 in eleven large volumes, indexed by surnames, located by maps of the graveyards and cemeteries and each stone photographed.) Since the date conflicts with that of Jannet, I'm not accepting James in this family for now.
The four children of John and Agnes (Gulliland) Brown: William, Jannet, Marion and Jean. 



BROWN, WILLIAM 4
m  KATHRINE HAMILTON
b 1748      
b 1752      
BROWN, ALEXANDER 5
m  MARY MCNAUGHT
b 1771      d 1836
b 1771      d 1837
BROWN, HAMILTON 6
m  MARY BIGGERT
b 1806      d 1868
b 1811      d 1844
BROWN, JANE 7
m  JAMES W. SWAN
b 1839      d 1922
b 1827      d 1909
SWAN, JAMES ALBERT 8
m  MARGUERITE "MAGGIE" MARKLEY
b 1874      d 1937
b 1875      d 1949
SWAN, PAUL REESE 9
m  MILDRED LOUISE HARTZELL
b 1903      d 1953
b 1903      d 1989
SWAN, PAUL REESE 10
m  MILDRED LOUISE "MILLIE" HAMILTON
b 1929      
b 1930      d 1998
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