Carl Haldermann 2
Other names for Carl were Karl Haldemann 3 and Charles Halterman.
Carl was a soldier in the Revolutionary War and served in British General John Burgoyne's army of British regulars and Hessian troops. Carl was from the German state of Braunschweig [Brunswick]. Since the largest contingent of troops brought to America was from the German state of Hesse-Kassel, the German forces became known generically as "Hessians". After the Battle of Saratoga, on October 17, 1777, General Burgoyne negotiated terms of surrender. The terms were titled the "Convention of Saratoga" and specified that the army would be sent back to Europe after giving a parole that they would not fight again in North America. A total of about 5,800 British Army, Hessian, and Canadian troops were sent to Boston. When Burgoyne refused to provide a list of officers to ensure that they would not return, Congress revoked the terms of the Convention. In November of 1778 the "Convention Army" was marched south 700 miles through severe winter weather to Charlottesville, Virginia, where they arrived early the next year. The main body of the captives, who after exchanges and escapes numbered about 2,800, lived in barracks at Ivy Creek northwest of Charlottesville. Carl deserted in 1779. Sometime before 1784, he changed his name to Charles Halterman.
Carl married Elizabeth Huffman in 1784.1 (Elizabeth Huffman was born in 1765 in Highland Co., Virginia and died in Highland Co., Virginia.)
1 GenForum Message (http://genforum.genealogy.com/), http://genforum.genealogy.com/halterman/messages/101.html.
Patricia Wise, Haldeman Genealogy (<http://familytreemaker.genealogy.com/users/w/i/s/Patricia-Wise-ca/index.html>
3 Ancestry.com Message Board Message (<http://boards.ancestry.com/>), <http://boards.ancestrylibrary.com/thread.aspx?mv=flat&m=36&p=surnames.halterman>.
Clifford Neal Smith, German Mercenary Expatriates in the United States and Canada (Genealogical Publishing Com, 2006
<http://books.google.com/books?<http://books.google.com/books?id=IIoPwndA1mIC&printsec=frontcover&dq=Brunswick+mercenaries&source=gbs_summary_r>), page 20.
Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Main_Page), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Convention_Army.
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