Search billions of records on Ancestry.com
   

Patterson Immigration
The Descendants of Samuel Senton Patterson - From County Down, Ireland to South Carolina & Beyond

Home Military Surname Immigration Family Tree Cemetery Main Documents Links

 

The following information I believe was initially created by Carl Crowley. It is derived from the work of his uncle, Carroll Ruffin Patterson.


 

Our Pattersons were residents of Newry, County Down, Ireland before coming to America. We are fortunate that Carroll Ruffin Patterson (1919-1991) of Decatur, Dekalb County, Georgia, compiled a comprehensive work on our early Patterson family. His "FROM COUNTY DOWN TO SOUTH CAROLINA - SAMUEL PATTERSON (died 1791-1792), AND HIS DESCENDENTS IN UPPER SOUTH CAROLINA AND BEYOND" was compiled between 1948 and 1963. It consists of over 287 pages with almost twice that many pages of appendices, annotations, updates, inserts and a comprehensive index of names.

Our immigrant ancestor, Samuel Patterson, was part of a large group of Presbyterians who followed an emigration led by the Reverend William Martin in 1772. Several Presbyterian pastors led their congregations in emigrations from Ulster to America in the decade following Rev. Dr. Thomas Clark's emigration from Ballybay, Northern Ireland to New York Colony in 1764. The most notable of these was the Martin emigration of Covenanter Presbyterian in 1772 from the area of Kellswater in central County Antrim, now part of Northern Ireland.

In 1750 Presbyterians from Octoraro, Virginia, and North Carolina, came to South Carolina and settled at Rocky Creek. By 1755 Irish immigrants, many of them Covenanters, began arriving. Various groups (Associate, Covenanter, Burgher, Anti-Burgher, Seceders) formed the "Catholic" (meaning a union of various groups of Presbyterians) church on Rocky Mount Road, 15 miles southeast of Chester. In 1770 Covenanters began holding society meetings and wrote to Ireland for a minister. Reverend William Martin answered the call in 1772.

The Rev. William Martin was the only Covenanter minister in counties Down and Antrim at that time. In 1760 he resided at Kellswater, in the townland of Carnaghts in the Parish of Connor. He had oversight responsibility for societies at Cullybackey, Laymore, Cloughmills, and Dervock. He preached also in Londonderry and Donegal. The Presbytery was founded in 1743 and Kellswater became the center in 1760.

There were five ships in the emigration led by Reverend Martin, all of which sailed in 1772. The first two sailed from Larne, the next two from Belfast, and the last one from Newry. The emigrants settled throughout western South Carolina, many in the Abbeville area. Reverend Martin himself settled in the general area of Abbeville, South Carolina (Rocky Creek in Chester County). After the British burned his church in 1780, he took refuge in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. Reference "Scotch-Irish Migration to South Carolina, 1772: Reverend William Martin And His Five Shiploads of Settlers" by Jean Stephenson (Shenandoah Publishing House 1970).

The James and Mary sailed first on August 25 from Larne. There was smallpox on board (five children died) when they arrived in Charleston harbor on October 16. They were required to remain on board in quarantine, lying off Sullivan's Island for over seven weeks, until the first part of December. "Ulster Emigration to Colonial America: 1718-1775", page 253 by Dickson. "English America: American Plantations & Colonies", by Thomas Langford, contains ship lists of voyages to English America from 1500 to 1825. See also "The Vessels, Voyages, Settlements, and People of English America 1500 - 1825".

The next ship to sail was the Lord Dunluce that left Larne on October 4 and arrived in Charleston on December 20. This is the only ship that listed "Rev. Wm. Martin (Kellswater)" as an agent. The original sailing date was to have been August 15. The sailing was delayed until August 20, and then rescheduled for September 22. On August 28, the ship announced that passengers must give earnest money by September 5 since a greater number had offered to go than could betaken. On September 15, the ship advertised that, since some families had drawn back, two hundred more passengers could be accommodated. Reverend Martin was on this ship when it finally sailed on October 4. One man and several children died of small pox on the trip. (Dickson, page 254).

The Pennsylvania Farmer, whose destination had originally been advertised as Philadelphia, sailed from Belfast on October 16 and arrived in Charleston on December 19. (Dickson, page 248). Aboard the Pennsylvania Farmer was Andrew Paterson (250 acres).

The Hopewell sailed from Belfast on October 19 and arrived in Charleston on December 23. (Dickson, page 248). There were five Patersons aboard the Hopewell: Agnes (350 acres), Janet (100 acres), John (250 acres), John (100 acres), William (350 acres).

The Freemason sailed from Newry on October 27 and arrived in Charleston on December 22 (Dickson, page 252). Aboard the FreeMason were: Samuel Patterson (350 acres) and Mary Patterson (100). According to Council Journal 37, Province of South Carolina, under date of 6 Jan. 1773, the brigantine Free Mason, out of Ireland (port not specified), discharged at Charles Town, South Carolina, the following among its Irish Protestant immigrant passengers who were authorized the amount of land, in South Carolina, indicated opposite their names:

(55 listed passengers alphabetized here by surnames - Land Warrant Petitions with number of acres)

Anderson, Hugh . . . . . . 100
Barnes, George . . . . . . 100
Beard, Jean . . . . . . . 100 (Listed separately)
Beard, Margaret . . . . . 100 * Listed together in this order
Beard, William . . . . . . 100 *
Bigham, Margaret . . . . .. .150
Breden, James . . . . . . . . .300
Brown, John . . . . . . . . . ..300
Coapling, Charles . . . . . ..150 * Listed together in this order
Coapling, Alexand(er) . . .100 *
Coapling, William, Jun'r .. 100 *
Coapling, Jane . . . . . . …100 *
Coapling, Charles . . . . 100 (Listed separately)
Coapling, William . . . . 350 (Listed separately)
Cox, James . . . . . . . . 300
Daniels, Margaret . . . . 100
Eger, Emila . . . . . . . 100
Fleman, John . . . . . . . 100
Foster, Isabella . . . . . 100 * Listed together in this order
Foster, James . . . . . . 100 *
Foster, William . . . . . 300 *
Foster, Sarah . . . . . . 100 *
Gorley, Hugh . . . . . . . 100
Hall, John . . . . . . . . 250
Livingston, Isaac . . . . 300
McClurkam, Richard . . . . 150 (Listed "Rich'd")
McGreary, Edward . . . . . 100
McKay, Samuel . . . . . . 450
McKee, William . . . . . . 250
McKnight, John . . . . . . 350 (Listed separately)
McKnight, Mary . . . . . . 100 * Listed together in this order
McKnight, Jane . . . . . . 100 *
McKnight, Margaret . . . . 100 *
McLeland, Thomas . . . . . 100
McMachor, Arthur . . . . . 100
Mullen, John . . . . . . . 100
Nisbett, Jonathan . . . . 100 (Listed separately)
Nisbett, Robert . . . . . 400 (Listed separately)
Paterson, Samuel . . . . . 350 (able to pay for land)
Patterson, Mary . . . . . 100 (unable to pay for land)
Presley, Mary . . . . . . 100
Pressley, John . . . . . . 300
Reynolds, William . . . . 450 (Listed "Wm.")
Richey, John . . . . . . . 100
Riddle, John . . . . . . . 300
Shane, William . . . . . . 100
Stevenson, Catherine . . . 100 (Listed "Cath'n")
Stuart, Charles . . . . . 100 (Listed "Chas.")
Taylor, Andrew . . . . . . 200
Thomson, Henry . . . . . . 200 * Listed together in this order
Thomson, William . . . . . 100 *
Thomson, Robert . . . . . 100 *
Thomson, John . . . . . . 100 *
Thursdale, John . . . . . 250
Wilson, James . . . . . . 100

In the Province of South Carolina in 1773, land was granted under the Crown, as follows: Single man or woman (16 yrs. of age or older) - 100 acres Married man or widow - 100 acres for self and 50 acres for each child under 16 years Married woman - none Samuel Paterson named above would have had five children under 16 years of age on his arrival. Mary Patterson, referred to above, was 16 years of age or older and was single (or a widow with no eligible children). Prior to this time, the "Bounty Act" had expired and no bounty could be paid to the individuals. There was, therefore, no list of the passengers for the purpose of determining "family rights". Family members and other individual passengers who were not eligible (e.g., under 15) to petition for free land (still available under the eighth clause of the General Duty Act of June 14, 1751) are not listed. See "The Five Ships and the People who came with the Rev. Martin". The names of the emigrants have been reconstructed from letters written home to Ulster and published in the paper and from extractions of the South Carolina Quarter Session Minutes, by Janie Revill and Jean Stephenson. There is a Surname Summary of those who came with the Rev Martin. Also see "Ships to South Carolina, 1768 & 1772." Primary Source: "Journal 37 of the South Carolina Council, pages 15-25; meeting of January 6, 1773."; Secondary Source: "Protestant Immigrants to South Carolina, 1763-1773", pages 126-127

In the Province of South Carolina in 1773, land was granted under the Crown, as follows: Single man or woman (16 yrs. of age or older) - 100 acres Married man or widow - 100 acres for self and 50 acres for each child under 16 years Married woman - none Samuel Paterson named above would have had five children under 16 years of age on his arrival. Mary Patterson, referred to above, was 16 years of age or older and was single (or a widow with no eligible children). Prior to this time, the "Bounty Act" had expired and no bounty could be paid to the individuals. There was, therefore, no list of the passengers for the purpose of determining "family rights". Family members and other individual passengers who were not eligible (e.g., under 15) to petition for free land (still available under the eighth clause of the General Duty Act of June 14, 1751) are not listed. See "The Five Ships and the People who came with the Rev. Martin". The names of the emigrants have been reconstructed from letters written home to Ulster and published in the paper and from extractions of the South Carolina Quarter Session Minutes, by Janie Revill and Jean Stephenson. There is a Surname Summary of those who came with the Rev Martin. Also see "Ships to South Carolina, 1768 & 1772." Primary Source: "Journal 37 of the South Carolina Council, pages 15-25; meeting of January 6, 1773."; Secondary Source: "Protestant Immigrants to South Carolina, 1763-1773", pages 126-127

Samuel Patterson's 350 acres was surveyed on February 12, 1773, and was in Hillsborough Township, 96th District, bordered by land of Nick'es Bonchillon, Jean Bellats, Jacob Delchaux, Mary Patterson, James Clark, and Pat Calhoun. See "Scotch-Irish Migration to South Carolina, 1772: Reverend William Martin And His Five Shiploads of Settlers" by Jean Stephenson (Shenandoah Publishing House 1970), item #417, page 95.

Mary Patterson was granted 100 acres in Hillsborough township, 96th District, bordered Jacob De Le Chaux, Samuel Patterson, Jean Bellat; surveyed February 12, 1773. Immigration Records Scotch-Irish Migration to South Carolina, 1772, Settlement in South Carolina, page 99. Her land was also surveyed on February 12, 1773. Sterphenson, item #455, page 99.

The Old "Ninety-Six" District of South Carolina was created in 1769 and was abolished in 1798. The 96th Dist. from 1785 to 1798 consisted of present day Union Co. It consisted of Abbeville Co. (formed 1785) Part of Abbeville Co. to Greenwood Co. (formed 1897)
Part of Abbeville Co. to McCormick Co. (formed 1916) Edgefield Co. (formed 1785)
Part of Edgefield to Aiken Co. (formed 1871)
Part of Edgefield to Greenwood Co. (formed 1897)
Part of Edgefield to Saluda Co. (formed 1896)
Laurens Co. (formed 1785) Newberry Co. (formed 1785) Spartanburg Co. (formed 1785)
Part of Spartbg. Co. to Cherokee Co. (formed 1897) Union Co. (formed 1798)
Part of Union. Co. to Cherokee Co. (formed 1897)

The 1779 Census of the 96th District, SC (1 of 7 original SC Judicial Districts) listed the following Pattersons:

PATTERSON Joseph 1779 Old 96th D SC No Twp. Listed
PATTERSON Josiah 1779 Old 96th D SC No Twp. Listed
PATTERSON Peter 1779 Old 96th D SC No Twp. Listed
PATTERSON Samuel 1779 Old 96th D SC No Twp. Listed

The 1790 SC Heads of Families census listed in Abbeville Dist.: (Column Headings: Males 16+, males -16, females, slaves)

Alexr Patterson _ p. 58 _ 1-2-1
George Patterson _ p. 57 _ 1-0-3, 1 slave
James Patterson _ p. 58 _ 1-0-3, 4 slaves
John Patterson _ p. 57 _ 1-0-1
Josiah Patterson _ p. 60 _ 2-3-3, 2 slaves
Robert Patterson _ p. 57 _ 2-0-4
Saml Patterson Jr. _ p. 58 _ 1-0-3
Samuel Patterson (s.c.) _ p. 58 _ 1-2-2
Samuel Patterson Jr. _ p. 58 _ 1-1-1
Wm. Patterson 3-5-3, 9 slaves

The 1800 SC Heads of Families census listed in Abbeville Dist.: (Column Headings: Males <10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, >45, Females <10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, >45 , free persons, slaves)

Paterson, George _ p. 4 _ 00010-10100-00
Patterson, George _ p. 9 _ 20100-00111-32
Patterson, George _ p. 12 _ 20001-20101-03
Paterson, Samuel _ p. 32 _ 31010-10010-01
Patterson, William _ p. 6 _ 31000-11010-0,16

Samuel Patterson's will was dated March 3, 1791 in Abbeville Dist, Rec September 13, 1794. Exrs: Wm. & John McGaw. Wit: Thos. Clark, Wm Carson, Alexr. Patterson. Wife: Mary Patterson. Chn: Saml., Josiah, Jas., Margaret, John, Mary, Sarah, Jean Patterson. Will was probated 13 Sep 1794.

Samuel and son John served in the Revolutionary War.

Samuel Patterson and Mary Carson had the following children:

2 i. Mary2 Patterson[iv] was born in Newry, County Down, Ireland 04 Jul 1757. Mary died 04 Apr 1842 in Israel Twsp, Preble Co, OH, at 84 years of age. Her body was interred 1842 in Hopewell Cem, Preble Co, OH. She married William McGaw in Abbeville, Abbeville District, SC, 05 Oct 1775. William was born in Dunfermline, County Antrim, Ireland 08 Feb 1750. William died 31 May 1836 in Preble Co, OH, at 86 years of age. His body was interred 1836 in Hopewell Cem, Preble Co, OH. William McGaw and brother John, sons of John, came from Ireland about 1767. They married sisters Mary and Sarah Patterson, daughters of Samuel Patterson. He was elder in Cedar Springs Association Reformed Presbyterian Church in Abbeville and elected ruling elder in the Hopewell Congregation in Preble Co, OH.

William served in the Revolutionary War in the 58th South Carolina Troops Militia from fall or early winter of 1775. He began as a private and was promoted to Captain within a year to 18 months of the unit known as John Anderson's Company. He retained this command until the close of the war. Apparently, he served under two generals, Williamson and Pickens.

William resided 1811-1836 in Israel Twsp (Section 5), Preble Co, OH. Mary and her husband Willian McGaw removed from Abbeville SC to Preble County, Ohio with her parents in 1811.

Her will is dated 6-24-1840, recorded 4-11-1842. Widow of the late William Magaw, son William, daughters Sarah, Nancy Clark, Martha Smith and Abigail Pinkerton. Mentions children of deceased son Samuel P. Magaw; deceased daughter Mary Boyse, deceased daughter Jane Boyse and deceased daughter Margaret Pinkerton. Executor: son, William Magaw - signed: Mary (mark) Magaw. Witnesses; John Pinkerton, John P. Smith and Levi Watt. “Abstracts 1836-1854, Preble County, Ohio, (90), Volume II, Will Book C, State Library of Ohio.

3 ii. Sarah Patterson was born in Newry, County Down, Ireland abt 1759. Sarah died Nov 1820 in Abbeville District, SC, at 61 years of age. She married John McGaw in Abbeville District, SC, abt 1777. John was born in Dunfermline, County Antrim, Ireland abt 1757. John died abt 1805 in Abbeville District, SC. John McGaw was brother of William McGaw, who married Sarah's sister, Mary Patterson. John was a captain in the Revolutionary War. John signed his will 15 Feb 1805, recorded 06 Aug 1805, and probated 04 Dec 1805.

Sarah made a will 19 May 1817.[v] The will was proven 04 Dec 1820. Her will was dated 19 May 1817 in Abbeville Dist, and proven 04 Dec 1820. Exrs; Son, Samuel McGaw, Bro., Josiah Patterson. Wit: Samuel, John T. Pressly. Chn: John, Samuel, Wm., Jad., Moses, Agness, Benjamin, Josiah, Mary McGaw Sale, Dec. 22, 1820. Byrs: Mary Giles, Allen Glover, Benjamin McGaw, Josiah McGaw, Jane Pressly, James Patton, Samuel McGaw, Josiah Patterson, John Pressly, Mathew Shanks, Robert Shanks, Archibald Little.

4 iii. John Patterson[vi] was born in County Down, Ireland Jan 1763. John died 11 Nov 1837 in Preble Co, OH, at 74 years of age. His body was interred 1837 in Hopewell Cem, Preble Co, OH. He married Mary ??. Mary was born 1764. Mary died 29 May 1824 at 59 years of age.[vii] Her body was interred 1824 in Hopewell Cem, Preble Co, OH. John and wife removed from Abbeville District, S.C. to Preble County, OH in 1807. Apparently had no children as none mentioned in estate papers - estate sold 13 Apr 1838 in Preble County, OH. Administrator of his estate was Thomas Pinkerton, bond signed by Pinkerton, Alexander Porter and William McGaw

Soldier in the Revolutionary War, serving as a substitute for his father Samuel Patterson (1725-1791/92); he saw service in the Carolinas in 1778, 1780 and 1781 and was discharged March 1781. He was in both the infantry and cavalry.

+ 5 iv. Samuel Patterson Jr was born 17 Oct 1765.

6 v. James Patterson[viii] was born in County Down, Ireland 1767. James died aft 1830 in Dixon Twsp, Preble Co, OH. He married Nancy Smith (Smyth). Removed from Abbeville District, S.C. to Preble County, OH. May have moved there with his brother Samuel. It is believed that the James Patterson listed as a resident of Dixon Twp, Preble County, OH in the U.S. Census of 1830 as 60 to 70 years of age and living alone, is one and the same as James Patterson, son of Samuel Patterson. James is NOT listed in the U.S. Censuses of 1820 and 1840 for Dixon Twp, Preble County, OH.

7 vi. Jane Patterson[ix] was born in Newry, County Down, Ireland 09 Oct 1769. Jane died 25 Feb 1856 in Pittsburgh, Allegheny Co, PA, at 86 years of age. She married David Pressly in McCormick Co, SC. David was born 1756. David died 1818 in Long Canes, Greenwood Co, SC, at 62 years of age. Jane and David Pressley left Preble Co, OH and returned to SC where David Pressley died. Jane died in Pittsburgh, PA at the home of her son.

Associate Reformed Presbyterian Death & Marriage Notices Volume II: 1866-1888 Compiled by Lowry Ware Scmar , Columbia, South Carolina 1998

"Died on Monday, February 25th, [1856] at the residence of John T. Pressly, Allegheny, Pa., Jane Patterson Pressly, in the 87th year of her age.... NATIVE OF COUNTY DOWN, IRELAND, AND EMIGRATED TO THIS COUNTRY WHEN TWO YEARS OLD WITH HER FATHER SAMUEL PATTERSON WHO SETTLED IN ABBEVILLE, S.C. Her father was a ruling elder.... [died] leaving behind him four sons and four daughters.… The deceased was the last survivor of her father's family. She was the mother of nine children; two of who died in their youth. Her oldest son, Dr. Samuel Pressly, died some fifteen years hence. Of her sons, two are physicians and ruling elders, two are ministers, and one is a merchant and a ruling elder. Her oldest daughter is the widow of Dr. George R. Brown, and the youngest daughter is the widow of Rev. Joseph Lowry.

8 vii. Josiah Patterson was born in Abbeville District, SC Nov 1774. Josiah died 31 Oct 1846 in Abbeville District, SC, at 71 years of age.[x] He married three times. He married Eleanor Phelps. (Additional notes for Eleanor Phelps [xi]) A widow.

He married Abigail Blair in Abbeville District, SC, 06 Feb 1794. Abigail was born 1774. (Additional notes for Abigail Blair [xii]) Abigail died 18 Apr 1823 at 48 years of age. Her body was interred in Rocky River Presbyterian Cem, Abbeville Co, SC. He married Sarah Terry 16 Sep 1824. (Additional notes for Sarah Terry [xiii]) Widow of Capt. Jeremiah S. Terry He was an elder in the Lower Cane Church before 1810 when he joined Rocky River Presbyterian Church in upper Abbeville District in the area called "Monterey". He later became a Magistrate.

9 viii. Margaret Patterson[xiv] was born in Abbeville District, SC 1775. She married John Pressley in Abbeville District, SC, 1818. (Additional notes for John Pressley [xv])

Second Generation

5. Samuel2 Patterson Jr (Samuel1)[xvi] was born in County Down, Ireland 17 Oct 1765. Samuel died 20 Dec 1833 in Preble Co, OH, at 68 years of age.[xvii]

He married three times. He married Rebecca Carswell. (Additional notes for Rebecca Carswell [xviii]) He married Agnes ?? in Abbeville District, SC, bef 1792. Agnes died 1814 in Camden, Preble Co, OH. He married Rosannah Sprowl in Preble Co, OH, 28 Dec 1814.[xix] Rosannah was born 05 May 1776. Rosannah [xx] was the daughter of William Sprowl and Elizabeth Lusk. Rosannah died abt 1833.

From Preble County Deed Records, Deed Book 2 pg. 41 5-24-1817 Samuel Patterson and Rosannah (mark) wife of PCO, the said Rosannah being one of the heirs at law of William Sprowle, dec'd late of Rockbridge Co, Virginia to Joseph Sprowl, one of the heirs of said William Sprowl, dec'd, consideration of natural love and affection they have for said Joseph and $10; quit claim to all land William Sprowl died seized and possess of in the State of Virginia and to any other land he died seized and possesses except 25 pounds Va currency bequeathed to the said Rosannah by the said William Sprowl, dec'd. Witnesses: William Patterson, Hannah (mark) Davis.

A Samuel Patterson Jr is listed in the 1790 census of Ninety-Six District, Abbeville County, South Carolina. (with three free white females.) This is probably our Samuel, but the identification of the women in the household can't be known.

In the 1800 SC Heads of Families census listed in Abbeville Dist.: (Column Headings: Males <10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, >45, Females <10, 10-16, 16-26, 26-45, >45 , free persons, slaves) Paterson, Samuel _ p. 32 _ 31010-10010-01 This matches Samuels family exactly; William age 8, Samuel age 7, John < age 1, Samuel Jr age 35, Mary age 5, and Agnes age unknown. It is interesting to see that Samuel Jr. had one slave in his household. This somewhat dispels that theory that the Pattersons and other families who moved from SC to Ohio did so over slavery.

"A Genealogical Index of Miami Valley Pioneers" says that Samuel Patterson came from Mecklenburg Co, NC to Preble Co, in 1812 and died in 1833. It states that NC deeds show his first wife was Agnes. There is a Samuel Patterson listed in the 1790 Mecklenburg Co. Census. Listed are 5 males over 16, 2 females under 16, 3 females. Also listed as heads of households are John, William, Alexander, and Robert Patterson. It is not entirely known were Samuel's family resided between 1800 and his first land entry in Preble County, OH in1812. It is possible that Samuel Patterson moved to Mecklenburg Co, NC. However, it is more likely he followed others from Abbeville District, SC.

The Pattersons were Presbyterian and belonged to the Hopewell Church that was formed in Preble Co, OH in 1808. The Pattersons may have been members of the Cedar Springs ARP Church in Abbeville Dist of SC. There is a reference to a Samuel there in 1797. The Rev. Alexander Porter led a rather large migration from Abbeville District to Preble County.

Rev. Alexander Porter was born abt 1770 near Parson's Mount, Abbeville Co., South Carolina, and was the first native-born minister of the Associate Reformed Presbytery of the Carolinas and Georgia. He completed his literary training at Dickinson College, Pennsylvania. He was licensed by the Second Associate Reformed Presbytery of Pennsylvania, and then returned home and began to preach at Long Cane and Cedar Springs, January 1, 1797. A call was presented for his services on March 22, 1797. [History of Long Cane Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church by Dr. Nora M. Davis.] He led a congregation north to Ohio to avoid contact with the institution of slavery and formed a congregation in Israel township in Preble Co., Ohio. (Copied from Biographies of Early Presbyterians)

The following is information taken from the book "History of Preble County, Ohio" published in 1881:

Abstract

Around 1814, the Rev. Alexander Porter, pastor of the Associate Reformed Church at Cedar Springs, Abbeville District, South Carolina, was released from his duties. He came west to Israel Township, Preble County, and in October 1814 settled with his family on a farm in section 16 of the township In July 1815 he became pastor of the Hope Church (Associate Reformed Presbyterian) congregation of about 50 families and shortly afterwards the congregation was much enlarged by emigrations from his old parish in South Carolina Rev. Porter resigned due to ill health in 1833 and died about 3 years later.

THE HOPEWELL CHURCH. In the years 1806 and 1807 several families, members of the Associate Reformed church, emigrated from the States of Kentucky and South Carolina, and settled in Israel Township in the midst of the Beech Woods. Rev. Risk, a minister of the Associate Reformed church, preached to them soon after their settlement. In the fall of 1808, at the house of William McCreary, in section thirty-six, they formed themselves into a society, and in conjunction with the people of Concord petitioned the presbytery of Kentucky for supplies. Among those who occasionally supplied them were, Revs. McCord, McGill, Samuel Crothers and Brahman Craig. September, 1808, the people assembled in the double log barn of David Madill’s, and Mr. Craig, after preaching organized the congregation into a church of nearly fifty members. Prominent among these first named on the church roll were the McDills, McQuistons, Boyces, Ramseys and Elliotts. At the time of the organization the following eiders were chosen by the congregation: David and Andrew McQuiston, James Boyse, Ebenezer Elliott and John Patterson, all of whom had been ordained previous to their settlement in the township. The church continued to receive supplies from the Kentucky presbytery, and the number of members was increased by immigration, but the prospect of having a settled minister among them did not open until I8I4, when Rev. Alexander Porter, the pastor of the Associate Reformed church at Cedar Springs, Abbeville district, South Carolina, being previously released from his charge, carne on a visit to the western churches, and to the Israel township congregation preached on two Sabbaths and one week day. By this time the congregation had increased to more than fifty families, and the people were more than ever desirous of securing a pastor and of erecting a house of worship. Accordingly they drew up a call for Mr. Porter, and presented it to the presbytery of Kentucky. A copy of the call is now in possession of the Hopewell session. It is drawn up in the usual form, and prays that Mr. Porter become the shepherd of their souls, and promises to pay him all due respect and support. It was signed by the following persons who constituted the first membership of the church, with the understanding that as soon as these churches could be provided with a settled pastor, Hopewell would receive the whole of Mr. Porters labors. Prior to this call the first church building had been erected just west of the present house. It was a log structure thirty feet square, and afterwards, to accommodate the growing congregation, received in addition of thirty feet. The pulpit was in the middle of the west side, with two small windows just back of it. The seats were made of slabs hewed from logs. They were provided with stiff, upright backs. The present church building is a commodious frame, and is kept in good repair.

In October, 1814, Mr. Porter, having accepted the call, came to his new pastoral charge at Hopewell, and settled with his family on the farm in section sixteen, now occupied by Alexander Orr. In the following July he was solemnly installed by Rev. John Steele. Shortly afterwards the congregation was much enlarged by immigrations from Mr. Porter's old parish, in South Carolina, and six members were added to the session who had been elders of the church in South Carolina. In 1816 the congregations of Hamilton and Concord having the prospect of a pastor, Mr. Porter discontinued his labors among them and devoted all of his time to Hopewell, which continued to increase in numbers and influence. In 1833 Mr. Porter was attacked by a severe sickness, and it was thought that his days were about numbered, and he resigned his charge, though he rallied and lived three years after his resignation. In 1834 presbytery granted the petition for the moderation of the call, which was accepted by Rev. A. Bower in October, 1834, and on the third Wednesday of December, of the same year, he was installed as pastor by Rev. David McDill, D.D. The congregation soon became too large for the house, and also too large for the pastoral care of one minister. Consequently, in the spring of 1834, arrangements were made for the building of a meeting-house it Fair Haven, and in the following summer a church was built there, and in the fall a petition was presented to presbytery that the portion of the congregation of Hopewell, contiguous to Fair Haven be struck off from the main church, and, if considered expedient, to grant the moderation of a call for a pastor.

This petition was granted and the history of the Fair Haven church tells the rest. John Pinkerton had been session clerk until this time. When he joined the new church at Fair Haven. John Caldwell was appointed to fill the vacancy caused by his removal. Owing to difficulties that arose in the congregation the pastor, Rev. A. Bower, resigned in June, 1837. The church was supplied until September 19, by Rev. S. W. McCracken, who was installed pastor on the last Tuesday of December, 1839. It was just prior to this time that a number of the congregation, living near Oxford, joined the United Presbyterian Church at that place. Mr. McCracken labored for twenty years, during which time the congregation gradually increased, and although another swarm left the hive to form the Unity church at College Corner in the winter of 1849-50, and a very considerable number emigrated to the west, the church was as strong, numerically, at the close of the pastor's labors, as it was at the beginning. He died September 10, 1859,loved and lamented by all. August 7, 1860, Rev. J. C. McHatten was called, and soon afterwards installed.

As has already been stated the Morning Sun congregation became a separate organization of the United Presbyterian Church, and on December 28, 1877, one hundred and one of the members of Hopewell were dismissed to that church.

In October, 1877, Rev. J. C. Campbell, the present pastor began his labors among the people of Hopewell. The church, at present, is in a flourishing condition. The records show that since the establishment of the church there have been eight hundred and sixty-four baptisms and one hundred and forty-two deaths in the Hopewell church proper. There have been fifty ruling elders, as follows: Alexander Hamilton, William McGaw, John Pressly, John Patterson, Ebenezer Elliott, James Boyse, David McQuiston, Nathaniel Brown, John Foster, Andrew McQuiston, John Pinkerton, John Giles, William Gilmore, John Douglas, Samuel McDill, James Brown, sr., John Caldwell, Thomas Pinkerton, David Robertson, William McCaw, Archibald McDill, James Brown, jr., Hugh McDill, David McDill, John Ramsey, George Ramsey, Andrew Hamilton, John McDill, John Buck, Robert Marshall, Robert Simpson, Richard Sloan, Hugh McQuiston, James McCracken, James Davidson, John Simpson, Hugh Elliott, Thomas Buck, Samuel B. McQuiston, William Caskey, Hugh Ramsey, James A. Brown, William Bell, and A. B. Rock. The Sabbath school has about one hundred scholars, with James A. Brown superintendent.

A remarkable coincidence is the fact that the first of the original members of Hopewell, who was called away by death, was Thomas McDill, and that the list of these first members was his wife, who died in 1867, at the advanced age of ninety-five years.

HOPEWELL CEMETERY was the first public burying ground in Israel Township. As one family circle after another came within the confines of the township, each one, sooner or later, found its central and dearest spot in this country church-yard, the church, life's fountain; the yard, death's treasury, and scarcely a step between. Than this God's first acre, there is none other in the township so rich with precious dust. Throughout the township are the cheerful results of pioneer work, but there are no individual monuments to the sturdy workers, save in the graveyard, where each in his narrow cell forever laid, the rude forefathers of the township sleep." The first tree felled where Hopewell cemetery now stands, yielded to the ax of Thomas McDill, sr., about the year 1812-13, and the first man who was buried there was none other than Mr. McDill. He went into the War of 1812, and returned with impaired health, and soon after died, thus becoming the pioneer of the silent city. June 13, 1813, he was buried, aged thirty-seven. He and his wife Mary, were among the original members of Hopewell church. He was the first member called away by death, and strange to say, his wife, who died August 2, 1872, at the advanced age of ninety-seven years, was the last survivor of the original members. A plain block of marble in the center of the graveyard marks their last resting place. Around them lie more than a thousand. Most of the graves are marked, though a few have sunk almost out of sight, and entirely out of memory. Though there are quite a number of lowly grass-grown headstones, indicative of children's graves, it is noticeable that most of the dead lived out the full measure of their days, and entered the graveyard in the winter of life. Approaching from the east, the first group of graves is that of a number of ministers of the Gospel. 'The first inscription is "To the memory of the Rev. John Stele, died January 11, 1837, aged sixty-four. A preacher mighty in the Scriptures, a scribe well instructed in the law. " His monument almost touches one "Sacred to the memory of Rev. Alexander Porter, died march 29, 1836, aged sixty-six years. Born in 1770, in South Carolina, received the rudiments of a classical education in the south, and finished at Dickinson college, Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Licensed to preach the Gospel of the grace of God in the Associate Reformed church, October-18, 1796; ordained in 1797, and labored in the Lords vineyard nearly forty years." Near by, Rev. James B. Foster, who died February 27, 1873, though dead, yet speaks from his tombstone, "We shall rise again." Mr. Foster was born in Israel Township, and became a United Presbyterian minister, afterwards joining the Presbyterian Church. His last charge was at Cumminsville, near Cincinnati. Just beyond is the grave of Rev. Samuel W. McCracken, who died September 18, 1859, aged fifty-nine. Mr. Porter and Mr. McCracken were faithful pastors of Hopewell church. Mr. Steele presided at the installation of Father Porter, and it was at his earnest wish that he was buried beside Mr. Porter, whom be especially esteemed. Mrs. Porter died in 1850, aged eighty-two, and Mrs. McCracken died in ----, they rest beside their husbands. A hurried review of the various inscriptions shows that the following prominent settlers are here buried: William Ramsey died 1838, aged ninety-one, and wife, Martha, 1842, aged seventy-one; David McQuiston, jr., 1870, sixty-eight; John Caldwell, 1838, forty-seven; William Gilmore, 1837, forty; Robert Gilmore, 1839, fifty-three; Hugh Ramsey, 1865, eighty-six; William Douglas, 1854, eighty-five; Samuel McDill, 1851, eighty-five; Thomas McDill, 1813, thirty-seven; David McQuiston, sr., 1823, eighty-eight; Hugh McQuiston, sr., 1845, eighty; Richard Sloan, 1848, eighty; Samuel Hamilton, 1822, forty-nine; David Bonner, 1844, seventy-five; John Pinkerton, 1852 eighty-four ; John Patterson, 1857, seventy-five; James Brown, sr., 1834, fifty-five; James Paxton, sr., 1830, forty-eight; William McCreary, 1822, forty-seven; William McGaw, 1836, eighty-six; John Buck, 1871, eighty-six; William Buck, 1857, sixty nine; John McClanahan, 1860, eighty-five; George Simpson, 1859, eighty-four; David Boyse, 1827, sixty-four; David Gary, 1840, seventy-one; Robert Boyse, 1820, forty; James Marshall, sr., 1861, eighty-five; John Marshall, 1828, fifty-five; Ebenezer Elliott, 1849, seventy-eight; Ralph Brown, 1880, eighty-three; Alexander Waugh, 1840, seventy; John Douglas, 1840, sixty-four; William Pinkerton, 1848, fifty-four; George Pinkerton, 1854, fifty-one; Andrew McQuiston, 1821, sixty; James Boyse, 1842, seventy-three; Henry Bell, 1851, sixty-two; David Robertson, 1879, eighty-three; Rebecca Whiteman, 1877, ninety-one; Thomas Harper, 1814, seventy-three; James Brown, 1824, fifty-five; Samuel Paxton, 1854, seventy-six; George R. Brown, 1845, seventy-one; John Milligan, 1823, forty-four; and Samuel Bell, 1867, aged eighty-six. It is estimated that more than a thousand people are buried in this place. The original ground comprised about an acre of land, but recently the cemetery was formally handed over to the township trustees, who have enlarged it, and otherwise improved it. Hopewell cemetery has for many years been the principal burying-ground in the township.

There is also virtual cemetery site at <http://ohpreble.ohgenweb.net/hopewell/>

Family members from Abbeville District who migrated to Preble County include:

Samuel Patterson & family
William McGaw & Mary Patterson (sister of Samuel)
John Patterson (brother of Samuel)
James Patterson (brother of Samuel)
David Pressley & Jane Patterson (sister of Samuel)
James Boyce and Mary McGaw (daughter of Mary Paterson)
Robert Boyce & Jane McGaw (daughter of Mary Patterson)
Thomas Pinkerton & Margaret McGaw (daughter of Mary Patterson)
John Pinkerton & family (father of Thomas Pinkerton)

Hopewell records listing the following members of the Hopewell Church 1819-1833 from the handwritten records of Rev. Alexander Porter which show:

Samuel Patterson
Susannah
William
John
Robert
Ginny
Becky

Rosanna's name is incorrectly transcribed as Susannah. Homer Irwin transcribed this in 1964 from his original records done in Weston shorthand. It was compiled by Marjorie Paxton Palmer from his work and is in the Preble county room of the Eaton Library.

Samuel Patterson bought property in Preble Co, OH, 06 Oct 1812. Samuel Patterson assignee of John Ritchey, E half R1 T6 S 30
He sold property in Preble Co, OH, 25 Sep 1813. Samuel Patterson to John Garver $785 SE 1/4 S30, T6, R1
He sold property in Preble Co, OH, 05 Oct 1813. Samuel Patterson to John Ritchey $302 NE 1/4 S30, T6, R1
He sold property in Preble Co, OH, 12 Dec 1814. Samuel Patterson to John Patterson $100 W side SWp S30, T6, R1
He sold property in Preble Co, OH, 19 Mar 1817. Samuel Patterson and Rosanna to Tobias Miller E side SW 1/4 S30, T6, R1
He sold property in Preble Co, OH, 30 Aug 1826. Samuel and Rosannah Patterson Sr of Preble to Robert and Mary Smith their daughter, for love, affection for daughter and son-in-law, better maintenance, preferment, livelihood. Pt SW 1/4 S21 T6 R2, 20 acres. Witness John Pinkerton, Jane Patterson. Recorded 9-16-1826

From "Preble County, Ohio Probate Abstracts" by Audrey Gilbert Estates and Guardianships Cases 501 through 9999 pg 7.

#531 Samuel Patterson - Executors William (son) Patterson and William Hall. Surety: Levi Jones and Joseph Fowler. Will Abstract: to wife Rosannah in lieu of dower all household and kitchen furniture of every kind, mare, 4 head of cattle, 4 hogs; to youngest daughter Rebeccah Patterson $50; balance after debts are paid to be equally divided between all my children: Samuel, William, John, Robert C., Mary w/o Robert Smith, Jane w/o Hugh Marshall, and Rebeccah Patterson. Signed 4 Sept 1833. Filed 3 Dec 1833. Joseph Miller; Achey & Deem, shroud dated Dec 1833; J.L. Waugh; David Brown; coffin for Samuel dated dec 21, 1833; Alfred Beall; Myers Miller and William McMechan to prove will; Ingersol & Inman; Lurten Dunham; inventory by appraisers: John Stubbs, John Zimmerman, John Beatty, William Gilmore, Charles Demoss. Those who purchased items at sale: William, John, Rosannah, and Robert Patterson, William Fornshell, William Hall, Myers Miller, James Lane, Richard Newport, Joshua Skiner, Aaron Simpson, Robert Venson, Joseph Forman, and Robert Marshall.

Samuel Patterson Jr and Agnes ?? had the following children:

10 i. William M.3 Patterson[xxi] was born aft 1792. William died 1848 in Preble Co, OH, at 55 years of age. He married Catherine White in Preble Co, OH, 03 Aug 1820.[xxii] (Additional notes for Catherine White [xxiii])

He made a will in Preble Co, OH, 20 Nov 1847.[xxiv] William Patterson’s will was dated 20 Nov 1847 and recorded 18 Jul 1848. Listed wife, Catherine to receive farm where testatator now resides being 67 1/2 acres in SE 1/4 of Section 21 Twsp 6, Range 2. Also lists children, Margaret Ann, George, William, Andrew, James, Samuel, Mary, and John. Executors were friends Robert Patterson and Asa Newton who are also to care for minor children. Witnesses James H. Newton and Chas. C. Walker.

11 ii. Samuel Senton Patterson III[xxv] was born 26 Jun 1793.[xxvi] Samuel died 01 Jan 1872 at 78 years of age.[xxvii] He married Catherine Smith in Preble Co, OH, 27 Jul 1813.[xxviii]

12 iii. Mary A. Patterson[xxix] was born 07 Apr 1795. Mary died 30 Jul 1865 at 70 years of age. She married Robert Smith in Preble Co, OH, 12 Aug 1815.[xxx] Robert was born in KY 16 Nov 1795. (Additional notes for Robert Smith [xxxi]) Robert died 10 Nov 1879 at 83 years of age.

Samuel Patterson Jr and Rebecca Carswell had the following children:

13 iv. John Patterson[xxxii] was born 06 Sep 1800. John died 01 Jan 1865 in Fortville, IN, at 64 years of age. He married Maria Zimmerman in Preble Co, OH, 01 Jul 1822. (Additional notes for Maria Zimmerman [xxxiii]) She was from the Abbeville District of SC.

14 v. Robert C. Patterson[xxxiv] was born 22 Jan 1805.[xxxv] Robert died 15 Feb 1870 at 65 years of age.[xxxvi] His body was interred in Camden, Preble Co, OH. He married Jane "Jenny Ramsey 03 Nov 1825. (Additional notes for Jane "Jenny Ramsey [xxxvii]) Jane died 23 Dec 1849.

+ 15 vi. Jane Patterson was born 23 Nov 1806.

16 vii. Rebeccah Patterson[xxxviii] was born aft 1806. Rebecca is listed as youngest daughter in her father's will.

Third Generation

15. Jane3 Patterson (Samuel2, Samuel1)[xxxix] was born SC 23 Nov 1806.[xl] Jane died 07 Aug 1872 in New Paris, Preble Co, OH, at 65 years of age.[xli] Her body was interred 1872 Springlawn Cem, New Paris, Preble Co, OH.

She married Hugh M. Marshall in Preble Co, OH, 29 Jan 1829. Hugh was born in KY 31 Jan 1801.[xlii] Hugh [xliii] was the son of Phillip Marshall and Margaret Pitts. Hugh died 08 Mar 1858 in New Paris, Preble Co, OH, at 57 years of age. His body was interred Mar 1858 Springlawn Cem, New Paris, Preble Co, OH.[xliv]

[i]. PATTERSON-010 Samuel Patterson Family (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-010 Samuel Patterson Family)

[ii]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-010, Samuel Patterson Family); recvd 15 Nov 2001 (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records); and Carl Allen Crowley III, (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-016, Desc of Saml Patterson).

[iii]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON, e-mail, Guy Lawyer, 02/02/00).

[iv]. PATTERSON-010, Samuel Patterson Family; from K. A. Coffey, (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson); (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-015, Samuel Patterson descendants); and PATTERSON-016, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[v]. PATTERSON-010, Samuel Patterson Family.

[vi]. Ibid.; PATTERSON-015, Samuel Patterson descendants; and PATTERSON-016, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[vii]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-008, Gen Index of Miami Valley Pioneers).

[viii]. PATTERSON-010, Samuel Patterson Family; and PATTERSON-015, Samuel Patterson descendants.

[ix]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; and PATTERSON-016, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[x]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-012, e-mail 9/11/1998).

[xi]. Ibid.

[xii]. Ibid.; and PATTERSON-016, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xiii]. PATTERSON-012, e-mail 9/11/1998.

[xiv]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; and PATTERSON-015, Samuel Patterson descendants.

[xv]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records.

[xvi]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-006, Mechlenburg, NC 1790 Census); PATTERSON-010, Samuel Patterson Family; http://www.usigs.org/library/ & (hereafter cited as Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library); and PATTERSON-015, Samuel Patterson descendants.

[xvii]. (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-009, Preble Co, OH Probate Abstracts).

[xviii]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records.

[xix]. PATTERSON-008, Gen Index of Miami Valley Pioneers; and (hereafter cited as PATTERSON-007, Preble Co, Marriages).

[xx]. Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library.

[xxi]. PATTERSON-002, Preble Co OH Will Abstracts; Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; and PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xxii]. PATTERSON-007, Preble Co, Marriages.

[xxiii]. Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library.

[xxiv]. PATTERSON-002, Preble Co OH Will Abstracts.

[xxv]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; and Crider, Steve (hereafter cited as PATTERSON e-mail 12/16/02).

[xxvi]. PATTERSON-012, e-mail 9/11/1998.

[xxvii]. Ibid.

[xxviii]. PATTERSON-008, Gen Index of Miami Valley Pioneers; and PATTERSON-007, Preble Co, Marriages.

[xxix]. Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; PATTERSON e-mail 12/16/02; and PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xxx]. PATTERSON-008, Gen Index of Miami Valley Pioneers.

[xxxi]. Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; and PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xxxii]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; and PATTERSON e-mail 12/16/02.

[xxxiii]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; and Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library.

[xxxiv]. PATTERSON e-mail 12/16/02; and PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xxxv]. PATTERSON-012, e-mail 9/11/1998.

[xxxvi]. Ibid.

[xxxvii]. PATTERSON-013, Mary Wright records; and PATTERSON-014, Desc of Saml Patterson.

[xxxviii]. PATTERSON-002, Preble Co OH Will Abstracts.

[xxxix]. Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; (hereafter cited as MARSHALL-037, New Paris Cemeteries-PCO); and PATTERSON e-mail 12/16/02.

[xl]. (hereafter cited as MARSHALL-C003, Preble Co OH Census 1860).

[xli]. MARSHALL-037, New Paris Cemeteries-PCO.

[xlii]. , (hereafter cited as MARSHALL-035, 1850 Census OH).

[xliii]. , (hereafter cited as MARSHALL-C001, 1850-Preble Co, OH Census); Marriage Records, The USIGS Research Library; (hereafter cited as MARSHALL-014, Preble Co Marriages 1808-30); and MARSHALL-037, New Paris Cemeteries-PCO.

[xliv]. MARSHALL-037, New Paris Cemeteries-PCO.