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PENNSYLVANIA GERMAN PIONEERS - SHIPS FROM GERMANY TO PHILADELPHIA CARRYING PALATINES

Following is a list of ships carrying Palatines from Germany to Philadelphia from 1727 to 1808. Click on the highlighted ships for the full passenger list.

Source: Pennsylvania German Pioneers by Ralph B. Strassburger and William J. Hinke, published in 1934 by the Pennsylvania German Society, Norristown, PA.

PALATINE SHIPS PASSSENGER LISTS

18 Sep 1727 William & Sarah
27 Sep 1727 James Goodwill
30 Sep 1727 Molly
2 Oct 1727 Adventure
16 Oct 1727 Friendship
23 Aug 1728 Mortonhouse
4 Sep 1728 Albany
11 Sep 1728 James Goodwill
19 Aug 1729 Mortonhouse
15 Sep 1729 Allen
29 Aug 1730 Thistle
5 Sep 1730 Alexander & Anne
30 Nov 1730 Joyce
16 Aug 1731 Samuel
10 Sep 1731 Pennsylvania Merchant
21 Sep 1731 Britannia
14 Oct 1731 Lowther
15 May 1732 Norris
11 Aug 1732 Samuel
11 Sep 1732 Pennsylvania Merchant
19 Sep 1732 Johnson
21 Sep 1732 Plaisance
23 Sep 1732 Adventure
25 Sep 1732 Loyal Judith
26 Sep 1732 Mary
30 Sep 1732 Dragon
11 Oct 1732 Pleasant
17 Oct 1732 John & William
17 Aug 1733 Samuel or Samuel
27 Aug 1733 Elizabeth
28 Aug 1733 Hope
18 Sep 1733 Pennsylvania Merchant
28 Sep 1733 Richard & Elizabeth
29 Sep 1733 Mary
11 Oct 1733 Charming Betty
12 Sep 1734 St. Andrew
23 Sep 1734 Hope
29 May 1735 Mercury
28 Jun 1735 Mary
26 Aug 1735Oliv er Oliver
1 Sep 1736 Harle
16 Sep 1736 Princess Augusta
19 Oct 1736 John
30 Aug 1737 Samuel
10 Sep 1737 Molly
24 Sep 1737 Virtuous Grace
26 Sep 1737 St. Andrew
5 Oct 1737 Townsend
8 Oct 1737 Charming Nancy
Oct. 31, 1737Wil liam
July 27, 1738 C atharine
5 Sep 1738 Winter Galley
Sept. 9, 1738 Gla sgow
9 Sep 1738 Two Sisters
Sept. 11, 1738 Robert and Oliver
Sept. 16, 1738 Queen Elizabeth
Sept. 19, 1738Thi stle
Sept. 20, 1738 Nancy and Friendship
Sept. 20, 1738 Nancy and Friendship
12 Oct 1738 Fox
Oct. 25,1738Davy
Oct. 27, 1738St. Andrew
28 Oct 1738 Thistle
30 Oct 1738 Elizabeth
9 Nov 1738 Charmlng Nancy
6 Dec 1738 Enterprise
8 Jan 1739 London
7 Feb 1739 Jamaica Galley
27 Aug 1739 Samuel
27 Aug 1739 Betsey
3 Sep 1739 Robert & Alice
3 Sep 1739 Friendship
3 Sep 1739 Loyal Judith
11 Dec I739 Lydia
23 Sep 1740 Friendship
27 Sep 1740 Lydia
30 Sep 1740 Samuel & Elizabeth
25 Nov 1740 Loyal Judith
3 Dec 1740 Robert & Alice
3 Dec 1740 Samuel (fee based)
30 May 1741 Francis & Ann
23 Sep 1741 Marlborough
26 Sep 1741 St. Mark
29 Sep 1741 Lydia
2 Oct 1741 St. Andrew
12 Oct 1741 Friendship
16 Oct 1741 Molly
26 Oct 1741 Snow Molly
Nov. 7, 1741Thane of Fife
20 Nov 1741 Europa
28 May 1742 Catharine
25 Aug 1742 Mary
3 Sep 1742 Loyal Judith
21 Sep 1742 Francis & Elizabeth
24 Sep 1742 Robert & Alice
30 Aug 1743 Francis & Elizabeth
2 Sep 1743 Loyal Judith
5 Sep 1743 Charlotta
19 Sep 1743 Lydia
26 Sep 1743 Roseanna
30 Sep 1743 Phoenix
30 Sep 1743 Robert & Alice
7 Oct 1743 St. Andrew (fee based)
10 Nov 1743 Endeavor (fee based)
8 Oct 1744 Aurora (fee based)
20 Oct 1744 Phoenix (fee based)
2 Nov 1744 Friendship
11 Dec 1744 Carterel (fee based)
22 Dec 1744 Muscliffe
27 Sep 1746 Ann
25 Oct 1746 Neptune
Aug. 1, 1747Vern on
Sept. 24, 1747Lydia
9 Oct 1747 Restauration
13 Oct 1747
Two Brothers
5 Sep 1748 Edinburgh
7 Sep 1748 Hampshire
7 Sep 1748 Mary
15 Sep 1748 Two Brothers
15 Sep 1748 Judith (fee)
16 Sep 1748 Patience
25 Oct 1748 Patience & Margaret
24 Aug 1749 Elliot
30 Aug 1749 Crown (fee)
2 Sep 1749 Chesterfield (fee)
2 Sep 1749 Albany (fee)
9 Sep 1749 St. Andrew
11 Sep 1749 Priscilla (fee)
13 Sep 1749 Christian
14 Sep 1749 Two Brothers (fee)
15 Sep 1749 Edinburgh (fee)
15 Sep 1749 Phoenix
19 Sep 1749 Patience
25 Sep 1749 Speedwell (fee)
26 Sep 1749 Ranier (fee)
26 Sep 1749 Dragon
27 Sep 1749 Isaac
28 Sep 1749 Ann (fee)
2 Oct 1749 Jacob
7 Oct 1749 Leslie
9 Oct 1749 Lydia
17 Oct 1749 Dragon
17 Oct 1749 Fane (fee)
9 Nov 1749 Good Intent
11 Aug 1750 Patience
13 Aug 1750 Bennet
13 Aug 1750 Edinburgh
15 Aug 1750 Royal Union
18 Aug 1750 St. Andrew
21 Aug 1750 Anderson
24 Aug 1750 Brothers
28 Aug 1750 Two Brothers
28 Aug 1750 Phoenix
31 Aug 1750 Nancy (fee)
12 Sep 1750 Priscilla
29 Sep 1750 Osgood
17 Oct 1750 Sally (fee)
3 Nov 1750 Brotherhood
30 Nov 1750 Sandwich
25 Aug 1751 Anderson
5 Sep 1751 Elizabeth
5 Sep 1751 Shirley
9 Sep 1751 Patience
14 Sep 1751 St. Andrew
14 Sep 1751 Duke of Bedford
16 Sep 1751 Edinburgh
16 Sep 1751 Nancy (fee)
16 Sep 1751 Brothers
21 Sep 1751 Two Brothers
23 Sep 1751 Neptune (fee)
24 Sep 1751 Neptune
25 Sep 1751 Phoenix
4 Oct 1751 Queen of Denmark
7 Oct 1751 Janet
16 Oct 1751 Duke of Wirtenberg
15 Sep 1752 Two Brothers
19 Sep 1752 Edinburgh
22 Sep 1752 Brothers
22 Sep 1752 Halifax
23 Sep 1752 St. Andrew
23 Sep 1752 Ann (fee)
26 Sep 1752 Richard & Mary
27 Sep 1752 Anderson
27 Sep 1752 President
27 Sep 1752 Nancy (fee)
4 Oct 1752 Neptune
10 Oct 1752 Forest
16 Oct 1752 Ketty
20 Oct 1752 Duke of Wirtenburg
23 Oct 1752 Rawley
2 Nov 1752 Phoenix
3 Nov 1752 Queen of Denmark
8 Nov 1752 Louisa
22 Nov 1752 Phoenix (fee)
8 Sep 1753 St. Michael
10 Sep 1753 Beulah
11 Sep 1753 Queen of Denmark
14 Sep 1753 Edinburgh
17 Sep 1753 Patience
17 Sep 1753 Richard & Mary
19 Sep 1753 Leathley
24 Sep 1753 Neptune
24 Sep 1753 Peggy
26 Sep 1753 Brothers
26 Sep 1753 Windsor
28 Sep 1753 Halifax (fee)
28 Sep 1753 Two Brothers
29 Sep 1753 Rowand
29 Sep 1753 Good Hope
2 Oct 1753 Edinburgh
3 Oct 1753 Louisa
3 Oct 1753 Eastern Branch
19 Nov 1753 Friendship
14 Sep 1754 Nancy (fee)
14 Sep 1754 Barclay
25 Sep 1754 Adventure
30 Sep 1754 Richard and Mary
30 Sep 1754 Brothers
30 Sep 1754 Edinburgh
30 Sep 1754 Neptune
1 Oct 1754 Phoenix
16 Oct 1754 Peggy (fee)
21 Oct 1754 Friendship
21 Oct 1754 Bannister
22 Oct 1754 Henrietta
22 Oct 1754 Halifax
23 Oct 1754 Good Intent
23 Oct 1754 Recovery
26 Oct 1754 Mary & Sarah
7 Nov 1754 John & Elizabeth
12 Dec 1754 Neptune
1754 Two Brothers
7 Oct 1755 Neptune
1 Nov 1755 Pennsylvania
10 Nov 1756 Chance
21 Oct 1761 Squirrel
5 Oct 1763 Richmond
1 Nov 1763 Chance
25 Nov 1763 Success
25 Nov 1763 Pallas
8 Aug 1764 Chance
19 Sep 1764 Polly (fee)
20 Sep 1764 Sarah (fee)
26 Sep 1764 Britannia
3 Oct 1764 King of Prussia
20 Oct 1764 Richmond
27 Oct 1764 Hero
5 Nov 1764 Jeneffer
5 Nov 1764 Prince of Wales
10 Nov 1764 Boston
4 Dec 1764 Tryall
Aug. 24, 1765Polly
Sept. 9, 1765Chance
Sept. 19, 1765Betsey

21 Sep 1765 Myrtilla
7 Oct 1765 Countess of Sussex
Sept 23, 1766Chance
Oct 13, 1766Betsy
Oct 16, 1766Palladium
15 Oct 1766 Cullodian
Oct 18, 1766Polly
Nov 4, 1766Sally

13 Jan 1767 Juno
5 Oct 1767 Sally (fee)
6 Oct 1767 Ha militon
26 Oct 1767 Britannia
29 Oct 1767 Minerva
4 Nov 1767 Grampas
Nov. 10, 1767Sally

3 Oct 1768 Pennsylvania PacketPennsylvania Packet
Oct. 10, 1768Minerva
Oct. 26, 1768Crawford
26 0CT 1768 Betsey<
1 Sep 1769 Nancy & Sucky
29 Sep 1769 London Packet
13 Oct 1769 Minerva (fee)
24 Oct 1769 Crawford
27 Jul 1770 Neptune
29 Aug 1770 Dolphin
10 Sep 1770 Rose (fee)
1 Oct 1770 Minerva
3 Oct 1770 Britannia
29 Oct 1770 Sally (fee)
23 Nov 1770 Crawford
17 Jun 1771 Pennsylvania Packet
27 Jul 1771 America
17 Sep 1771 Minerva
19 Sep 1771 London Packet
31 Oct 1771 Recovery
19 Nov 1771 Tyger
25 Nov 1771 Crawford
4 Dec 1771 Betsey (fee)
10 Dec 1771 General Wolfe
24 Feb 1772 Hope (fee)
30 Sep 1772 Minerva
16 Oct 1772 Crawford
19 Oct 1772 Catharine
19 Oct 1772 Phoebe
3 Nov 1772 Sally (fee)
3 Dec 1772 Hope
24 Dec 1772 Morning Star
30 Apr 1773 Pennsylvania Packet
30 Apr 1773 Catharine
31 May 1773 Dolphin
4 Jun 1773 Carolina
23 Aug 1773 Sally (fee)
18 Sep 1773 Britannia
21 Sep 1773 Catharine
27 Sep 1773 Union
1 Oct 1773 Hope (fee)
22 Oct 1773 Charming Molly
25 Oct 1773 Crawford
23 Nov 1773 Neptune
Nov. 24,1773Fame
Dec. 7,1773Clementia
Dec 8,1773Mo ntague
June 21, 1774Nancy
Aug 15, 1774Sally
29 Sep 1774 Charming Molly
30 Sep 1774 Union
29 Oct 1774 Patty & Peggy
31 Oct 1774 Sally
Jan. 16, 1775C atherine
Oct. 9, 1775King of Prussia
20 Jun 1785 Mynheer van Berckel
27 Aug 1785 Adolph
29 Aug 1785 Patsey Rutledge
5 Sep 1785 Favourite
4 Oct 1785 London Packet
11 Oct 1785 Hamburgh
15 Oct 1785 Betsy
29 Oct 1785 Lydia
19 Aug 1786 Candide
27 Sep 1786 Patsey Rutledge
30 Sep 1786 Signers of oath of allegiance
11 Oct 1786 Nassau
17 Oct 1786 Hannah
31 Oct 1786 Dispatch
14 Dec 1786 Bristol
5 Apr 1787 Rosetta
23 May 1787 Patsey Rutledge
10 Oct 1787 North America
24 Sep 1787 Signers of oath of allegiance
5 Oct 1787 Signers of oath of allegiance
14 Oct 1787 Dorothea
7 Jul 1788 Le Brie
5 Aug 1788 Mary
2 Oct 1788 Laurel
5 Nov 1788 Commerce
5 Nov 1788 Amsterdam Packet
10 Jan 1789 Patsey Rutledge
29 Sep 1789 Philadelphia
30 Sep 1789 Signer of oath of allegiance
1 Oct 1789 Mary
31 Mar 1790 Philadelphia Packet
4 Oct 1790 Mary
18 Jan 1791 Philadelphia Packet
30 Jun 1791 Mary
10 Aug 1791 Diana
23 Aug 1791 Philadelphia Packet
12 Sep 1791 Fair American
27 Sep 1791 Pallas
22 Oct 1791 Van Stophorst
26 Apr 1793 Philadelphia Packet
6 May 1792 Patsey Rutledge
28 Jun 1792 Union
29 Jun 1792 America
3 Aug 1792 Catharina
7 Sep 1792 Rainbow
8 Sep 1792 Columbia
22 Sep 1792 Henricus
22 Sep 1792 Martha
23 Sep 1792 Fame
9 Feb 1793 Union.
8 Mar 1793 Columbia
19 Jul 1793 John
16 Aug 1793 Union
17 Sep 1793 Columbia
25 Sep 1793 Brothers
27 Sep 1793 Samuel
4 Oct 1793 Polly
10 Nov 1793 Peggy
12 Nov 1793 Jean
18 Feb 1794 Apollo
12 Mar 1794 John
31 May 1794 Columbia
3 Jun 1794 Union
14 Jul 1794 Brothers
20 Aug 1794 Holland
25 Aug 1794 Birmingham Packet
6 Nov 1794 Peggy
10 Nov 1794 Sarah
12 Nov 1794 Sophia Carolina
2 Jan 1795 John
27 Feb 1795 Livonia
7 Jul 1795 Concord
18 Sep 1795 Rose
5 Oct 1795 Hamburgh Packet
13 Oct 1795 Thomas Chalckley
17 Nov 1795 Friendship
- Nov 1795 Mary
15 Dec 1795 Minerva
13 Jan 1796 French passengers
29 Mar 1796 Henry and Charles
13 Apr 1796 Molly
3 Jun 1796 America
17 Jun 1796 Harriot Baltimore
25 Jul 1796 Harmony
30 Jul 1796 Mary
19 Aug 1796 Holland
29 Aug 1796 Voltaire
15 Oct 1796 Concord
15 Oct 1796 Bacchus
19 Oct 1796 Polly
20 Oct 1796 Mary
24 Oct 1796 America
26 Oct 1796 George
31 Oct 1796 Two Friends
22 Nov 1796 Enterprize
12 Feb 1797 Columbia
13 Feb 1797 Good Friends
15 Feb 1797 Peggy
24 Feb 1797 Unnamed ship
16 Mar 1797 Fair Hebe
4 May 1798 America
31 Aug 1798 Pennsylvania
31 Oct 1798 Triton
1 Nov 1798 Pallas
19 Dec 1798 Columbia
6 Oct 1799 Fair American
17 Oct 1799 Boston Packet
19 Nov 1799 Amiable Creole
- - Amiable Matilda
- - Columbia
- - Jean
- - Nancy
- - Patsey Rutledge
- - Industry
25 Feb 1800 Juno
27 Mar 1800 Ocean
19 Aug 1800 Anna
30 Sep 1800 Tryphena
3 Dec 1800 Diana
3 Jul 1801 Venus
11 Jul 1801 Delaware
8 Sep 1801 New York
19 Sep 1801 Express
30 Sep 1801 Molly
30 Sep 1801 Lavinia
5 Nov 1801 Der Biedermann
8 Mar 1802 Polly
20 Aug 1802 Belvidere
26 Aug 1802 Urania
7 Sep 1802 Pennsylvania
5 Oct 1802 Maria
6 Oct 1802 Devotion
6 Oct 1802 Juno
12 Oct 1802 Tom
15 Nov 1802 Jacob
22 Nov 1802 Union
22 Jun 1803 Traveller
5 Sep 1803 Charlotte
8 Sep 1803 Fortune
3 Oct 1803 Urania
7 Oct 1803 Caneon
9 Oct 1803 Commerce
15 Nov 1803 Favourite
15 Nov 1803 Pennsylvania
21 Feb 1804 Carolina
19 Mar 1804 Union
17 Apr 1804 Indostan
11 Aug 1804 Newton
25 Aug 1804 Leopard
27 Aug 1804 Rebecca
10 Sep 1804 Maria Elisabeth
15 Sep 1804 Atlantic
19 Sep 1804 Margaret
3 Nov 1804 Fortune
3 Nov 1804 Cato
4 Mar 1805 Antelope
7 May 1805 Little Cherub
26 Aug 1805 Margaret
5 Sep 1805 Verny
18 Oct 1805 The Liberty
18 Oct 1805 Little Cherub
26 Oct 1805 Fair American
30 Nov 1805 Three Sisters
6 Dec 1805 Aeolus
30 Dec 1805 Johann Andreas
30 Apr 1806 Isabella
5 Jun 1806 Kathrine
3 Aug 1806 Orlando
22 Oct 1806 Cordelia
8 Nov 1806 Atlantic
1 Dec 1806 Three Sisters
11 Dec 1806 Fair American
2 Apr 1807 Speedwell
8 May 1807 Betsey
15 Jul 1807 Isabella
15 Sep 1807 Frederick Augustus
28 Sep 1807 Mechanic
3 Dec 1807 William P. Johnson
5 Jan 1808 Three Sisters

Helpful Links

Pennsylvania German Pioneers fee based database of original lists of German pioneers who arrived at the port of Philadelphia from the years 1727 to 1776.

Palatines - Searchable databases for Palatine Ancestors. Includes Ships Passenger Lists

Germans to USA

And now ... enjoy the article on Palatines or skip ahead to the ships passenger lists

PALATINE HISTORY

by Lorine McGinnis Schulze of Olive Tree Genealogy http://olivetreegenealogy.com/
Copyright 1996

[This article has been published, with permission as Irish Palatine Story on the Internet in Irish Palatine Association Journal, No. 7 December 1996]

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This article may be reproduced as long as it is not changed in any way, all identifying URLs and copyright information remain intact (including this permission), and a link is provided back to Olive Tree Genealogy http://olivetreegenealogy.com/

The Palatinate or German PFALZ, was, in German history, the land of the Count Palatine, a title held by a leading secular prince of the Holy Roman Empire. Geographically, the Palatinate was divided between two small territorial clusters: the Rhenish, or Lower Palatinate, and the Upper Palatinate. The Rhenish Palatinate included lands on both sides of the Middle Rhine River between its Main and Neckar tributaries. Its capital until the 18th century was Heidelberg. The Upper Palatinate was located in northern Bavaria, on both sides of the Naab River as it flows south toward the Danube and extended eastward to the Bohemian Forest. The boundaries of the Palatinate varied with the political and dynastic fortunes of the Counts Palatine.

The Palatinate has a border beginning in the north, on the Moselle River about 35 miles southwest of Coblenz to Bingen and east to Mainz, down the Rhine River to Oppenheim, Guntersblum and Worms, then continuing eastward above the Nieckar River about 25 miles east of Heidelberg then looping back westerly below Heidelberg to Speyer, south down the Rhine River to Alsace, then north-westerly back up to its beginning on the Moselle River.

The first Count Palatine of the Rhine was Hermann I, who received the office in 945. Although not originally hereditary, the title was held mainly by his descendants until his line expired in 1155, and the Bavarian Wittelsbachs took over in 1180. In 1356, the Golden Bull ( a papal bull: an official document, usually commands from the Pope and sealed with the official Papal seal called a Bulla) made the Count Palatine an Elector of the Holy Roman Empire. During the Reformation, the Palatinate accepted Protestantism and became the foremost Calvinist region in Germany.

After Martin Luther published his 95 Theses on the door of the castle church at Wittenberg on 31 October 1517, many of his followers came under considerable religious persecution for their beliefs. Perhaps for reasons of mutual comfort and support, they gathered in what is known as the Palatine. These folk came from many places, Germany, Holland, Switzerland and beyond, but all shared a common view on religion.

The protestant Elector Palatine Frederick V (1596-1632), called the "Winter King" of Bohemia, played a unique role in the struggle between Roman Catholic and Protestant Europe. His election in 1619 as King of Bohemia precipitated the Thirty Years War that lasted from 1619 until 1648. Frederick was driven from Bohemia and in 1623, deposed as Elector Palatine.

During the Thirty Years War, the Palatine country and other parts of Germany suffered from the horrors of fire and sword as well as from pillage and plunder by the French armies. This war was based upon both politics and religious hatreds, as the Roman Catholic armies sought to crush the religious freedom of a politically-divided Protestantism.

Many unpaid armies and bands of mercenaries, both of friends and foe, devoured the substance of the people and by 1633, even the catholic French supported the Elector Palatine for a time for political reasons.

During the War of the Grand Alliance (1689-97), the troops of the French monarch Louis XIV ravaged the Rhenish Palatinate, causing many Germans to emigrate. Many of the early German settlers of America (e.g. the Pennsylvania Dutch) were refugees from the Palatinate. During the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, the Palatinate's lands on the west bank of the Rhine were incorporated into France, while its eastern lands were divided largely between neighbouring Baden and Hesse.

Nearly the entire 17th century in central Europe was a period of turmoil as Louis XIV of France sought to increase his empire. The War of the Palatinate (as it was called in Germany), aka The War of The League of Augsburg, began in 1688 when Louis claimed the Palatinate. Every large city on the Rhine above Cologne was sacked. The War ended in 1697 with the Treaty of Ryswick. The Palatinate was badly battered but still outside French control. In 1702, the War of the Spanish Succession began in Europe and lasted until 1713, causing a great deal of instability for the Palatines. The Palatinate lay on the western edge of the Holy Roman Empire not far from France's eastern boundary. Louis wanted to push his eastern border to the Rhine, the heart of the Palatinate.

While the land of the Palatinate was good for its inhabitants, many of whom were farmers, vineyard operators etc., its location was unfortunately subject to invasion by the armies of Britain, France, and Germany. Mother Nature also played a role in what happened, for the winter of 1708 was particularly severe and many of the vineyards perished. So, as well as the devastating effects of war, the Palatines were subjected to the winter of 1708-09, the harshest in 100 years.

The scene was set for a mass migration. At the invitation of Queen Anne in the spring of 1709, about 7 000 harassed Palatines sailed down the Rhine to Rotterdam. From there, about 3000 were dispatched to America, either directly or via England, under the auspices of William Penn. The remaining 4 000 were sent via England to Ireland to strengthen the protestant interest.

Although the Palatines were scattered as agricultural settlers over much of Ireland, major accumulations were found in Counties Limerick and Tipperary. As the years progressed and dissatisfactions increased, many of these folk seized opportunities to join their compatriots in Pennsylvania, or to go to newly-opened settlements in Canada.

There were many reasons for the desire of the Palatines to emigrate to the New World: oppressive taxation, religious bickering, hunger for more and better land, the advertising of the English colonies in America and the favourable attitude of the British government toward settlement in the North American colonies. Many of the Palatines believed they were going to Pennsylvania, Carolina or one of the tropical islands.

The passage down the Rhine took from 4 to 6 weeks. Tolls and fees were demanded by authorities of the territories through which they passed. Early in June, the number of Palatines entering Rotterdam reached 1 000 per week. Later that year, the British government issued a Royal proclamation in German that all arriving after October 1709 would be sent back to Germany. The British could not effectively handle the number of Palatines in London and there may have been as many as 32 000 by November 1709. They wintered over in England since there were no adequate arrangements for the transfer of the Palatines to the English colonies.

In 1710, three large groups of Palatines sailed from London. The first went to Ireland, the second to Carolina and the third to New York with the new Governor, Robert Hunter. There were 3 000 Palatines on 10 ships that sailed for NY and approximately 470 died on the voyage or shortly after their arrival.

In NY, the Palatines were expected to work for the British authorities, producing naval stores [tar and pitch] for the navy in return for their passage to NY. They were also expected to act as a buffer between the French and Natives on the northern frontier and the English colonies to the south and east.

After the defeat of Napoleon (1814-15), the Congress of Vienna gave the east-bank lands of the Rhine valley to Bavaria. These lands, together with some surrounding territories, again took the name of Palatinate in 1838.

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This article may be reproduced as long as it is not changed in any way, all identifying URLs and copyright information remain intact (including this permission), and a link is provided back to Olive Tree Genealogy http://olivetreegenealogy.com/

Copy article in full to this point if you are reproducing

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