I have been working on Catawba Indian genealogy again concerning King
Hagler and Jar Fly Jarmin...
Beginning as early as 1700, then, a slow process of consolidation a
body of Indians known since the mid-eighteenth century as the Catawba Nation
.It is not completely clear what kind of domination of the Catawba tribe had
in this confederacy which resulted in it's being called the Catawba nation
rather than, for instance, the Cheraw Nation or the Sugaree nation. By the
1760's it seems that this consolidation was reasonably complete as far as
outsiders were concerned. Less often are tribes mentioned as affiliated
with the Catawbas, or incorporated with the Catawbas. More often the
Catawbas are referred to as a unit, situated in several towns along the
Wateree River and by 1763 in a fifteen-mile square reservation in what is
now York and Lancaster counties, South Carolina. This information comes from
The Catawba Nation, by Charles Hudson (1970).
In 1750 Nopkehe, better known as King Hagler, became the leader of the
Catawbas, and continued so until his death on 30-Aug-1763. He was King
during the terrible smallpox epidemic of 1759, which killed many Catawbas,
and was remembered in oral traditions. It was from King Hagler that some
Catawba generals of the early 1800's claimed descent. King Hagler was
succeeded by Colonel Ayres, and Colonel Ayres by King Prow, who died shortly
before the close of the Revolution and probably by 1780 when New River,
their next leader, had become General. The military terms for the Catawba
leaders followed the Revolutionary war the model of the white government
apparently changed the system of which the Catawba selected their leaders.
This is just a brief summary of Catawba Genealogy, BY; Ian Watson of
The Geneseo Foundation and Dept. of Anthropology...
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