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Garrett COTTER (1802-1886)

Garrett COTTER1,2 was born in March 1802 in Cork, Ireland.2,3,4 Garrett's parents were James COTTER and Margaret FOLEY.5,6 Garrett was a follower of the Catholic faith .2 Before 1821 he was a ploughman . This was his occupation prior to his conviction.7,8 He was convicted in 1821 . He fired on English troops in a minor uprising. A Military Commission sentenced him to transportation to Australia.9 He was sentenced to "the term of his natural life".8,9

he migrated from Cork to Port Jackson Sydney, NSW arriving on 8 November 1822. Garrett travelled on the ship "Mangles" (2) which departed 21 June 1822. [The Ship's Master was John Coghill and the Surgeon was Matt Anderson. COGHILL was part owner of the ship and on Garrett's trip only carried male convicts. In 1822 Coghill received a land grant at Wingecarribee in the Berrima district. In 1826 he sold his share in the ship and bought Braidwood Farm].10 Between 1822 and 1832 he was assigned to at presently unknown people in the Campbelltown and Lake George areas .11 Between 1827 and 1841 he resided at the districts on the western side of the Murrumbidgee . After a dispute with his employer and his employer's neighbour in Lake George, he was banished to live "beyond the limits of location"; in this case west of the Murrumbidgee River. He lived there alone and was accepted by the Aborigines of the area. He built a house near the headwaters of the Cotter River (named in 1839).12,13,14 In 1832 he was granted Ticket of Leave No. Unknown. It had a condition whereby he had to stay on the western side of the Murrumbidgee. He is also known to have received a Ticket of Leave Passport (No. 43/269) on the recommendation of the Queanbeyan Bench on 25 February 1843. The details of this passport are unknown.15,16

Garrett married Ann RUSSELL in 1841 at "Rosebank" in Maneroo, NSW.17,18

in 1841 they lived at the mountainous regions of the Namadgi National Park . They became pioneers of the area. The Cotter River and Cotter Valley were named after them and the river's name was first officially used in 1839. After Garrett received his Conditional Pardon in 1847, they moved to near Michelago where they built the family home which is still occupied by the Cotter family. This solid durable structure with thick walls is a tribute to Garrett's skill as a carpenter and stonemason.7,19,20

Garrett was granted Conditional Pardon No. 47/247 on 10 April 1847. (A Conditional Pardon freed a convict and was granted on the condition that the convict did not return to England or Ireland).21,22 In 1872 he was a squatter in Michelago, NSW.23 He was commemorated by having streets named after him . There are now Cotter Rds in Curtin, Deakin, Duffy, Holder, Weston and Yarralumla; all suburbs of Canberra. In addition to the naming of the Cotter River, the Cotter Hut in Cotter Flats was built in the 1890s by Thomas Oldfield. The Cotter Dam was built between 1912 and 1915, with an original proposed height of 30.5 metres. It was only built to a height of 18.3 metres although this was raised to 25.8 metres between 1949 and 1951. The dam served as Canberra’s only domestic water supply until 1967. The original Cotter Dam provided Canberra’s water supply and recreational use as a swimming and picnic area for Canberra families.24,25,26

he died (aged 84) on 22 June 1886 in Michelago.2,3,4 He was buried in June 1886 in Grave 71 of the Catholic section of the general cemetery in Michelago.2,3,27

 

Ann RUSSELL1 and Garrett COTTER had the following children:

 

James COTTER (1842-1922)

Henry Garrett COTTER (1842-1939)

Michael COTTER (1844-1929)

Ann Ellis COTTER (1848-1896) (known as 'Annie')

Catherine COTTER (1850-1891)

George COTTER (1853- )

Margaret COTTER (1855-1913)

John COTTER (1858-1932)

Garrett G COTTER (1860-1940)

Citations

1{S0125}, Internet (WCP) COWDERY, Edwina : re COMMINS, Michael (0278) and CONROY, Mary (0279) and Descendants (The site has been removed from Rootsweb's World Connect Project). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
2{S0154}, Internet (Monaro Pioneers) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.monaropioneers.com/cotter-g.htm (Includes headstone images)). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
3{S0157}, Cemetery List : Michelago, Southern Tablelands, NSW, Australia (http://www.interment.net/data/aus/nsw/southerntablelands/michelago/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: Cotter, Garrett, b. 1802 Cork, Ireland, d. 1886 Michelago, s/o James and Margaret, bur. Catholic Section
4{S0353}, Internet (MyHeritage) : General. McIntyre Web Site \ Samuel Jackson of Barmedman NSW. Cit. Date: 26 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
5{S0282}, Internet (IGI - International Genealogical Index) : General (Family Search : http://www.familysearch.org/). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Father : James COTTER Disc #112 Pin #144305
Mother : Margaret FOLEY Disc #112 Pin #144306"
Site : http://www.familysearch.org/Eng/Search/PRF/individual_record.asp?recid=1120144303
6{S0328}, Internet (Monaro Pioneers) : General. http://www.monaropioneers.com/lawler-j.htm. Cit. Date: 27 August 2010. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
7{S0348}, Wikipedia : COTTER, Garrett (0524) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garrett_Cotter). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garrett_Cotter. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
8{S0349}, Internet (Peter Maybury's Convict Site) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) (http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi?requestType=Search2&id=5725). http://members.pcug.org.au/~ppmay/cgi-bin/irish/irish.cgi?requestType=Search2&id=4976. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
9{S0347}, Internet (Johnny Boy's Walkabout Blog) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://jevans.pcug.org.au/Pages/Local%20Names.htm). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "The British had taken direct control of Ireland and he fired on the troops in a minor uprising. A military commission sentenced him to transportation to Australia for "the term of his natural life""
10{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Born in Ireland, he arrived in New South Wales in 1822 aboard the `Mangles 2'"
Other immigration details about the Mangles trip obtained from this site's John and Martin GRADY who also travelled on it
11{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "after working in the Campbelltown and Lake George areas"
12{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "conditional on him staying on the western side of the Murrumbidgee; he lived alone there and was accepted by the Aborigines of the area"
13{S0347}, Internet (Johnny Boy's Walkabout Blog) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://jevans.pcug.org.au/Pages/Local%20Names.htm). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: " He built a house near the headwaters of the river that was later to bear his name."
14{S0348}, Wikipedia : COTTER, Garrett (0524) (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garrett_Cotter). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garrett_Cotter. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "his employer and his employer's neighbour and was banished to live beyond the limits of location; in this case west of the Murrumbidgee River."
The Nineteen Counties were the limits of location in the colony of New South Wales defined by the Governor of New South Wales Sir Ralph Darling in 1826 in accordance with a government order from Lord Bathurst, the secretary of State.
15{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "he was granted a ticket-of-leave in 1832, conditional on him staying on the western side of the Murrumbidgee"
16{S0327}, Internet (State Records NSW). Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
17{S0154}, Internet (Monaro Pioneers) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.monaropioneers.com/cotter-g.htm (Includes headstone images)). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Questionable.
Text From Source: "on May 13, 1841 in "Rosebrook", Cooma, NSW"
18{S0065}, BDM (NSW) Online Indexs : Marriages (NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Marriages Index : http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/Index/IndexingOrder.cgi/search?SessionID=&event=...). Cit. Date: 20 September 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Registration no : V1841 921 91/1841 District LO (Roman Catholic Goulburn). Monaro Pioneers site gives "Rosebank" Cooma as the location. Was Cooma under the Goulburn Registration District in 1841?
19{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "he became a pioneer of the mountainous region of the present Namadgi National Park; the Cotter River is named after Garrett Cotter and the name was first officially used in 1839"
20{S0347}, Internet (Johnny Boy's Walkabout Blog) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://jevans.pcug.org.au/Pages/Local%20Names.htm). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "where they built the family home which is still occupied by the Cotter family. This solid durable structure with thick walls is a tribute to Cotter's skill as carpenter and stonemason"
21{S0327}, Internet (State Records NSW). Index. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
22{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Cotter was given a conditional pardon in 1846 that gave him freedom of movement, except in Britain and Ireland"
23{S0350}, Greville's Post Office Directory : 1872 Michelago (http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GENANZ/2002-10/1033542751). http://listsearches.rootsweb.com/th/read/GENANZ/2002-10/1033542751. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "COTTER Garrett squatter Michelago"
24{S0346}, Internet (ACT Planning & Land Authority) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://www.actpla.act.gov.au/tools_resources/maps_land_survey/place_names/place_search?sq_...). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Feature Name : COTTER ROAD; Suburbs CURTIN, DEAKIN, DUFFY, HOLDER, WESTON, YARRALUMLA"
25{S0347}, Internet (Johnny Boy's Walkabout Blog) : COTTER, Garrett (0524) and RUSSELL, Ann (0525) (http://jevans.pcug.org.au/Pages/Local%20Names.htm). Cit. Date: 10 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "The Cotter Hut, in the Cotter Flats, was built in the 1890's by Thomas Oldfield. The Cotter Dam was built between 1912 and 1915, with an original proposed height of 30.5 metres. It was only built to a height of 18.3 metres although this was raised to 25.8 metre in 1949-1951"
26{S0199}, Internet : General. http://www.jra.asn.au/AboutJerra/assets/Street_Names_Jerra.PDF. Cit. Date: 11 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "The COTTER Dam was built in 1915 and its level raised in 1950; The dam served as Canberra’s only domestic water supply until 1967; The original Cotter Dam provided Canberra’s water supply and recreational use as a swimming and picnic area for Canberra families; The bushfires of January 2003 destroyed the hotel, the suspension bridge near the dam wall, twelve of the thirteen houses at Pierces Creek Settlement, several of the ranger’s cottages at the Cotter and many of the mature trees along the river."
27{S0353}, Internet (MyHeritage) : General. McIntyre Web Site \ Samuel Jackson of Barmedman NSW. Cit. Date: 26 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Catholic Section"

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Updated : 23 August 2014