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Caroline BENNETT (1801-1872)

Caroline BENNETT,1 daughter of Jasper BENNETT (1774?-1835) and Dinah PAINE (1774-1847), was born in 1801 in Tollard Royal, Wiltshire.1,2 Her relationship to John is Maternal Great (x3) Grandmother. Caroline married James RIDEOUT on 1 February 1821 in Tollard Royal.3 Before 1838 she was a farm servant in Tollard Royal.4

before October 1838 she and James RIDEOUT lived in Tollard Farnham, Dorset, England. They were among a group of cousins and spouses which came to Australia from the Dorset and Wiltshire areas of England, all of whom had been selected as bounty immigrants by William Macarthur for the estates at Camden, NSW.2

she migrated from Plymouth, Devonshire to Port Jackson Sydney, NSW arriving on 3 October 1838. She travelled to Australia on the "John McLellan" with her husband James and her children William, Jasper, Martha, Mary and John who was born on the voyage. The ship departed on 2 June 1838.5,6,7,8

After 1838 Caroline was a worker at home performing home duties .2

she died (aged 71) in 1872 in Mulgoa Forest, NSW.1,2,9,10

 

James RIDEOUT1,11 was the son of Ambrose RIDEOUT (1775?- ) and Charlotte BENNETT (bap.1778, d.1803).

 

James and Caroline were first cousins.

 

Conditions in the south of England were very poor for village people in the early 1800s from a variety of causes including the Industrial Revolution, changes in farming practices and the enclosure of land once available for communal use. By 1830 there was much unemployment and bad seasons had caused near famine conditions in many places. Migration seemed to be the answer for those suffering so much privation. There was plenty of food and work in New South Wales for anyone used to roughing it on the land, as the Wiltshire labourer and his wife certainly were.

The Governor of New South Wales, Richard BOURKE, proposed an Assisted Migrants Scheme to encourage agricultural workers and tradesman and their families to go to the colony. The scheme proposed "a judicious selection of emigrants on the grounds of age, sex and social position, preference being given to young married couples". Under this scheme a payment would be made to employers for each person persuaded to immigrate. For each married couple the employer (mainly landholders) was to receive £30 with an additional £5 for each child between the ages of two and seven years and £10 for each child between seven and fifteen years. These amounts were intended to cover most of the cost of transporting the immigrants from their old homes in England to their new homes in New South Wales. The difference in the bounty (as the payment was called) and the actual cost had to be paid by the emmigrants but in many cases they received assistance from relatives or their Parish Council. In some cases the employer paid the difference.

The migrants were recruited in England by Government Agents or by agents appointed by the Colonial landholders. The role of the agents in England entailed finding people willing to emigrate, signing them up, arranging transport from their homes to the port of departure, arranging accommodation for them while they were awaiting ships and many more details. Many of the emigrants would not have travelled more than a few miles from home and would not have seen the ocean or ships before reaching their port of departure.

 

Edward MACARTHUR, who lived in England, was the Assisted Migrants Scheme agent for his brothers James and William of Camden. Under this scheme the MACARTHUR family of Camden brought out forty families between 1837 and 1839 (including RIDEOUT and TICKNER families). Many who came were chosen because they were related or at least known to one another. The MACARTHURs adopted this policy to help the immigrants settle into the strange new surroundings so very different from their birthplaces. Other landholders may have adopted different practices.

 

James RIDEOUT and Caroline BENNETT had the following children:

 

Martha RIDEOUT (1821-1823?)

William RIDEOUT (1822-1872)

Jasper John Bennett RIDEOUT (1825- )

Martha RIDEOUT (1828-1875)

Mary RIDEOUT (1835-1841)

John RIDEOUT (1838-1904)

Charlotte RIDEOUT (1840-1842)

James RIDEOUT (1842-1915)

Caroline RIDEOUT (1844-1915)

Henry RIDEOUT (1848-1919)

Citations

1{S0082}, Chart : Descendant : Descendants of RIDEOUT, Ambrose (0197) (Site : http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~ken-ian/Descendants_of_Ambrose_Rideout.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
2{S0174}, Internet (First Families 2001) re RIDEOUT and BENNETT (Submitted by Esma Hannah : See below for site address). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
3{S0092}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : WILTSHIRE-EMI-L Archives : RIDEOUT/BENNETT (Rootsweb : http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/WILTSHIRE-EMI/1999-09/0938652532). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
4{S0497} Alan Atkinson, Book : "Camden, Farm and Village Life in Early New South Wales". Custom Id: 994.46ATK. Pages 316 - 317. Cit. Date: 16 February 2012. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Arrived by the 'John McLellan', 3 October 1838 : Caroline (Bennett), farm servant, 26"
5{S0174}, Internet (First Families 2001) re RIDEOUT and BENNETT (Submitted by Esma Hannah : See below for site address). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Refers to Botany Bay instead of Port Jackson
6{S0088}, Mailing List (Genforum) : RIDEOUT (Maggie Hann : Genforum : http://genforum.genealogy.com/rideout/messages/102.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
7{S0199}, Internet : General. http://www.btinternet.com/~gumbleton/compendium/c34.html. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
8{S0199}, Internet : General. http://www.blaxland.com/ozships/alpha/pass/s/429.htm. Cit. Date: 31 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "John McLellan, ship (588 tons) Portsmouth (1838 Jun 2) to Sydney (1838 Oct 3) "
9{S0066}, BDM (NSW) Online Indexs : Deaths (NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Deaths Index : http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/Index/IndexingOrder.cgi/search?SessionID=&event=...). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Registration no : 3582 / 1872
10{S0084}, Internet (John & Pauline Leafe, Rootsweb Freepages) TICKNER, RIDEOUT and BENNETT (Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~latijan/names.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
11{S0139}, Mailing List (Genforum) : RIDEOUT, James and BENNETT, Charlotte (Genforum : http://genforum.genealogy.com/rideout/messages/197.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Thanks for looking
Ellen & John

Updated : 23 August 2014