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James RIDEOUT (1801?-1878)

James RIDEOUT,1,2 son of Ambrose RIDEOUT (1775?- ) and Charlotte BENNETT (bap.1778, d.1803), was born in 1801 (approx.) in Tollard Royal, Wiltshire.1,2,3,4,5 He was christened on 13 May 1801 in Tollard Royal.4 His relationship to John is Maternal Great (x3) Grandfather. James married Caroline BENNETT on 1 February 1821 in Tollard Royal.6

before October 1838 they lived in Tollard Farnham, Dorset, England. They were among a group of cousins and spouses which came to Australia from the Dorset and Wiltshire areas of England, all of whom had been selected as bounty immigrants by William Macarthur for the estates at Camden, NSW.7

he migrated from Plymouth, Devonshire to Botany Bay Sydney, NSW arriving on 3 October 1838. He travelled to Australia with his wife Caroline on the "John McLellan" and his children William, Jasper, Martha, Mary and John (who was born on the voyage). The departure date was 2 June 1838.8,9,10 He was a farmer and labourer .7

he died (aged 77) on 18 November 1878 in Spring Creek, NSW.1,3,4,7 He was buried in November 1878 in St John's in Camden, NSW.11

 

Caroline BENNETT1 was the daughter of Jasper BENNETT (1774?-1835) and Dinah PAINE (1774-1847).

 

James and Caroline were first cousins.

 

Conditions in the south of England were very poor for village people in the early 1800s from a variety of causes including the Industrial Revolution, changes in farming practices and the enclosure of land once available for communal use. By 1830 there was much unemployment and bad seasons had caused near famine conditions in many places. Migration seemed to be the answer for those suffering so much privation. There was plenty of food and work in New South Wales for anyone used to roughing it on the land, as the Wiltshire labourer and his wife certainly were.

The Governor of New South Wales, Richard BOURKE, proposed an Assisted Migrants Scheme to encourage agricultural workers and tradesman and their families to go to the colony. The scheme proposed "a judicious selection of emigrants on the grounds of age, sex and social position, preference being given to young married couples". Under this scheme a payment would be made to employers for each person persuaded to immigrate. For each married couple the employer (mainly landholders) was to receive £30 with an additional £5 for each child between the ages of two and seven years and £10 for each child between seven and fifteen years. These amounts were intended to cover most of the cost of transporting the immigrants from their old homes in England to their new homes in New South Wales. The difference in the bounty (as the payment was called) and the actual cost had to be paid by the emmigrants but in many cases they received assistance from relatives or their Parish Council. In some cases the employer paid the difference.

The migrants were recruited in England by Government Agents or by agents appointed by the Colonial landholders. The role of the agents in England entailed finding people willing to emigrate, signing them up, arranging transport from their homes to the port of departure, arranging accommodation for them while they were awaiting ships and many more details. Many of the emigrants would not have travelled more than a few miles from home and would not have seen the ocean or ships before reaching their port of departure.

 

Edward MACARTHUR, who lived in England, was the Assisted Migrants Scheme agent for his brothers James and William of Camden. Under this scheme the MACARTHUR family of Camden brought out forty families between 1837 and 1839 (including RIDEOUT and TICKNER families). Many who came were chosen because they were related or at least known to one another. The MACARTHURs adopted this policy to help the immigrants settle into the strange new surroundings so very different from their birthplaces. Other landholders may have adopted different practices.

 

Caroline BENNETT and James RIDEOUT had the following children:

 

Martha RIDEOUT (1821-1823?)

William RIDEOUT (1822-1872)

Jasper John Bennett RIDEOUT (1825- )

Martha RIDEOUT (1828-1875)

Mary RIDEOUT (1835-1841)

John RIDEOUT (1838-1904)

Charlotte RIDEOUT (1840-1842)

James RIDEOUT (1842-1915)

Caroline RIDEOUT (1844-1915)

Henry RIDEOUT (1848-1919)

Citations

1{S0082}, Chart : Descendant : Descendants of RIDEOUT, Ambrose (0197) (Site : http://homepages.rootsweb.com/~ken-ian/Descendants_of_Ambrose_Rideout.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
2{S0139}, Mailing List (Genforum) : RIDEOUT, James and BENNETT, Charlotte (Genforum : http://genforum.genealogy.com/rideout/messages/197.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
3{S0084}, Internet (John & Pauline Leafe, Rootsweb Freepages) TICKNER, RIDEOUT and BENNETT (Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~latijan/names.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
4{S0342}, Internet (WCP) TUFFIN, Pat : re RIDEOUT (http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=AHN&db=pattuffin&id=I65232). The Tuffins (plus many others) of Dorset, England (& Elsewhere!). Cit. Date: 4 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
5{S0089}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : RIDEOUT (Esma Hannah : Genforum : http://genforum.genealogy.com/rideout/messages/133.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: James b. c.1801
6{S0092}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : WILTSHIRE-EMI-L Archives : RIDEOUT/BENNETT (Rootsweb : http://archiver.rootsweb.com/th/read/WILTSHIRE-EMI/1999-09/0938652532). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
7{S0174}, Internet (First Families 2001) re RIDEOUT and BENNETT (Submitted by Esma Hannah : See below for site address). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
8{S0088}, Mailing List (Genforum) : RIDEOUT (Maggie Hann : Genforum : http://genforum.genealogy.com/rideout/messages/102.html). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
9{S0199}, Internet : General. http://www.btinternet.com/~gumbleton/compendium/c34.html. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
10{S0199}, Internet : General. http://www.blaxland.com/ozships/alpha/pass/s/429.htm. Cit. Date: 31 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "John McLellan, ship (588 tons) Portsmouth (1838 Jun 2) to Sydney (1838 Oct 3) "
11{S0342}, Internet (WCP) TUFFIN, Pat : re RIDEOUT (http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=AHN&db=pattuffin&id=I65232). The Tuffins (plus many others) of Dorset, England (& Elsewhere!). Cit. Date: 4 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=pattuffin&id=I64042

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Updated : 23 August 2014