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Johann Josef ARNOLD (Jnr) (1826-1893)

picture

Eva Sussanah Schuppel at her son George's wedding

Johann Josef ARNOLD (Jnr),1,2 son of Johannes Josef ARNOLD (Snr) (1783-1862) and Anna Julianna SCHLOTTHAUER (1788-1858), was born on 5 November 1826 in Leimen, Baden-W├╝rttemberg in Germany. (probably).1 His relationship to John is Maternal Great (x2) Grandfather. Johann was a follower of the Evangelistic faith .3

Johann married Eva Sussanah SCHUPPEL on 1 January 1852 in Leimen.1,4,5 "John and Eva had just lost their year old baby boy and life seemed bleak and desolate in a country that was depressed and work almost impossible to find. Advertisements were appearing in the township of Leimen, near Heildelberg where they had lived all their lives, asking for agricultural workers to help build the colony of Australia. Cheap travel and good jobs were promised and there seemed to be ample opportunity to build a new life." It was under these circumstances that John and Eva decided to migrate to Australia.6

Johann migrated from Hamburg, in Germany to Sydney, NSW arriving on 17 April 1855. He travelled on the ship "Caesar" (via Twofold Bay where it stopped between 10 - 19 March 1855 - the reported dates conflict). The ship departed on 11th November 1854. He came with his wife Eva.5,7,8,9 Johann was able to read and write.3

after 1856 Johann and Eva Sussanah SCHUPPEL lived at the Bega Valley District of NSW . They arrived sometime in the mid to late 1880s. Being unable to find work in Sydney, they travelled on a coastal steamer to Eden on Twofold Bay and then travelled for thirteen days on a bullock wagon journey over the mountains through to the valley. Johan and Eva lived in the Towamba area at Woolway, Wambrook, Burnima, Cambalong and Gunningrach. (It is believed that at the time some of these were property names in the Towamba district although they may have since become districts in their own right). Johan obtained his first job as a labourer on the sheepstation Wambrook. Eva is listed as having applied for, cancelled, transferred or received a brand in the first quarter of 1889 when at Rocky Hall. They were at the Big Jack Hotel, Rocky Hall, NSW from 1892 to 1893 where Eva was a hotellier and pastry cook. The hotel had seven rooms available as well as their own accommodation. John (Johan) died in 1893 and it appears that Eva stayed on running the hotel until 1894 when it burnt down.3,5,10,11,12,13,14

Johann was naturalised on 15 August 1871 in Gunningrah, NSW. He adopted the English translation of his name to John Joseph at this time.15,16

Johann was a mixed farmer . It appears that John was mainly involved in various farming pursuits, working with both plants and animals. On his naturalisation certificate of 15 August, 1871, he is called a shepherd while his immigration papers state he is a vinedresser. On one of his son's marriage certificates he is described as a tobacco grower while another record says he is a cordial manufacturer. Possibly being a vinedresser (grapes, berries, etc) may have led him into the cordial manufacture. With the land he worked, it is not known whether he was an employee or if he owned or was the proprietor of it.17

he died (aged 66) on 15 February 1893 at the BDM District (probably at Rocky Hall) in Bombala, NSW.17,18 He was buried in February 1893 in an unmarked grave in the Anglican section of the general cemetery in Bombala.17

 

Eva Sussanah SCHUPPEL1,19,20 was the daughter of Georg Michael SCHUPPEL (1802-1867) and Helena GOLLER (1802-1884).

 

From the Arnold Family Newsletter : "For those who travelled to Australia in the nineteenth century, the journey was often long and dangerous. In calm weather a sailing ship might take as long as four months; a family of two adults and 3 children shared a single berth, measuring approximately 3 metres in length and two metres wide, in a cabin holding 4, 6 or 8 similar berths. Passengers took aboard their bedding and supplementary food for the journey. Each cabin shared a crude toilet and a table with benchseat for taking meals. Most of the time was spent below deck, talking with other passengers, playing games, preparing meals and sleeping."

From the diary of William Goetz, passenger on board the "Caesar" which departed Hamburg on 15 November 1854 and arrived at Twofold Bay on 19 March 1855 (the same ship on which Johann and Eva Arnold travelled).

"On arriving in Hamburg the passengers were provided with a set of rules by Captain Sturges, just a few of these rules are printed here.

Food : The passengers are divided into messes, each mess chooses a President or master, to whom will be delivered bread, sugar and butter each week; the meat is delivered to him each evening, which he has deliver to the cook. Tea, coffe, flour, potatoes, beans, etc. are delivered at once to the cook. When dinner is ready the messmaster receives same from the cook to distribute to his mess. If food is wasted, the meat ration will be withdrawn.

Cleaning : When the passengers have recovered from sea-sickness they must rise before 7am so that beds can be made and the area swept and cleaned. Women must see that the closets are cleaned.

Bedding and Eating Utensils : Each passenger has to provide his own bedding and tin utensils for eating. A tin kettle and tin dish will be supplied to each mess.

Clothing and linen : One small wooden trunk containing clothing and linen for the voyage can be taken with the passenger, marked Steerage. All other goods will be measured and stowed, freight rates apply

(Note from Lola : I remember the wooden trunk with the name "ARNOLD" on it. It was in my grandfather's bedroom at Pericoe and of course lost in the bushfire of 1939).".

 

The ship Caesar arrived in Australia on 29 March 1855. It was not a happy journey with large casualties during the trip (20 Adults and 88 Children) possibly from Cholera.

William GOETZ kept a diary and in this diary "As a twelve year old boy, William tells the story of his life in Germany before his parents decided to emigrate and then the journey through Germany to Hamburg and the horrific sea voyage to Australia and a little about his later life. This story has been abbreviated to give you an idea of the conditions of the time that his family endured. He writes :

'When I was about six years old, I was sent to school in Germany and turned out to be a very good scaller (scholer). My father was a stonemason and my mother did all kinds of farm work for our farm. We had a cow that we kept in a barn because of the cold weather, but it was hard to find food for her as wages were very low and taxes high.

I was about twelve years old when my father decided to emigrate to Australia as many other families in our town had decided to do. We sold our home and other goods as we needed a lot of money to pay our travel expenses. We left our home town on the 6th November 1854 in a steamboat for a three day voyage passing many villages where we stopped overnight to sleep. We arrived at Hamburg where we were to board the vessel to Australia.'

We left Hamburg on the 15th November 1854; there were 460 passengers and crew on board, far too many for the size of the ship. We had very rough weather for the first few days till we passed the English Channel. I felt very ill and sea-sick at first but I had good health afterwards.

On the voyage after we were about about a month on the sea, a great sickness broke out on our ship, said to be Cholera. Mother was very ill for 12 days and not expected to live. Some were only sick for a few hours and died; there was no less than 74 who died and some children were left orphans.

We were 130 days on the sea and arrived on the 19th March 1855 at Twofold Bay. Our vessel was the first large ship to enter that port. We left 90 passengers in Eden and then lay in Quarantine for two weeks before continuing to Sydney where we arrived on the 26th March."

Many of the immigrants who had lost wives and children filed complaints of unprofessional treatment on the part of the surgeon. The complaints were :

That the surgeon administered an emetic, then a powder in the first stage of the disease that did not stay the infection, and lstterly some drops that produced sleep from which the patient did not recover. They also complained that many children were left to die without any treatment at all, and that not enough water was given to sooth the condition of the patients.

Because of the great number of deaths that had occurred on board the "Caesar", an official inquiry was held into the conditions on board the ship and the treatment received by the passengers. Official figures from the Agent for immigration gave these details :

Embarked : 187 Adults, 185 Children

Deaths : 20 Adults, 88 Children.

Findings of the Inquiry into the "Caesar" recorded by the Colonial Secretary :

The Inquiry found that the vessel was unsuitably fitted for the transport of immigrants as the "tween Dexks" (was) a temporary structure, poorly fitted with little or no ventilation and made of thin boards capable of admitting offensive effluvia from the hold beneath, as well as allowing all the illness refuse to pass through onto water and food below as there were no water closets fitted in this area.

The Medical Officer, Dr. Middendorff explained that the disease that attacked these immigrants was of a very malignant nature and that he had done all that was possible to alleviate their suffering. The committee examined the medical diplomas of the doctor and the medicines supplied by him and agreed that as there was no cure for the condition it was not possible to do more than he had done. Dr. Middendorff explained that he felt it necessary to limit the amount of water to one pint a day as the water was possibly the cause of the condition. He also explained that many of the children's deaths were caused by the nursing mothers who had contracted the disease and passed it on to the children.

There was no objection to the amount or quality of the food taken on board but it was recommended that if further immigration vessels were allowed to transport migrants to Australia, that shipping regulations be brought up to the standard by British law.

 

Eva Sussanah SCHUPPEL and Johann Josef ARNOLD (Jnr) had the following children:

 

Johannes ARNOLD (1853-1854)

Selina ARNOLD (1856-1932)

Mary ARNOLD (1858?-1941)

Henry ARNOLD (1860- ) (known as 'Harry')

John Arnold ARNOLD (1862-1955)

William ARNOLD (1865-1959) (known as 'Bill')

George William ARNOLD (1867-1940)

Martin ARNOLD (1869-1915)

Joseph ARNOLD (1871?-1965)

Citations

1{S0141} Kurt FREI, Book : "Familien in Leimen 1677 - 1900" (Published 1996). Family 0123 - Page 40. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
2{S0002}, Certificate - Marriage : COLLINS, James (0042) and ARNOLD, Selina (0041). Custom Id: NSW 2150 / 1874. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
Text From Source: Person Consenting : John Joseph Arnold, Father of Bride, the said Seleine being under the age of 21 years
3{S0603} Lola Workman, Book : "Grand People Revisited" (Published 2012). The Arrival. Cit. Date: 17 July 2012. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
4{S0131}, Internet (Our Worlwide Connections) re ARNOLD, COLLINS & SCHUPPEL (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~braidwood/index3.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
5{S0208}, Chart : Descendant : ARNOLD, John Josef (0146) and SCHUPPEL Eva Susannah (0194). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
6{S0209}, Newsletter : re ARNOLD Family (Produced and Published by Lola Workman). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
This quote has been copied from the annual Arnold Family newsletter compiled by Lola Workman, Volume 13, November 2007.
7{S0199}, Internet : General. http://mariners.records.nsw.gov.au/1855/04/052cae.htm. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "CAESAR of HAMBURG, JOH. STURJE, MASTER, BURTHEN 438 TONS FROM THE PORT OF HAMBURG via TWOFOLD BAY TO SYDNEY, NEW SOUTH WALES, 17th APRIL, 1855"
8{S0199}, Internet : General. http://boards.ancestry.com.au/topics.immigration.depeur/1376.1.1/mb.ashx. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Questionable.
Text From Source: "arrived in Twofold Bay, NSW on 19 March 1855 and then sailed on to Port Jackson (Sydney) arriving on 29 March 1855"
29 March 1855 arrival date quoted is probably incorrect and should be 17 April
9{S0199}, Internet : General. http://boards.ancestry.com.au/topics.immigration.depeur/1376.1.1.1.2/mb.ashx. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "it left Hamburg on 11th Nov 1854"
10{S0603} Lola Workman, Book : "Grand People Revisited" (Published 2012). Children of Johann Josef and Eva. Cit. Date: 17 July 2012. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
11{S0209}, Newsletter : re ARNOLD Family (Produced and Published by Lola Workman). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
12{S0278}, Book : "Bega Valley Pioneer Register" (Published 2002. Copyright 2002 Bega Valley Genealogy Society Inc., PO Box 19, Pambula NSW 2549). Custom Id: ISBN 0 9580406 0 5. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
13{S0567}, Stock Brands (NSW) 1889 (https://www.rootsweb.com/~billingh/brands.htm). Cit. Date: 10 April 2012. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
14{S0208}, Chart : Descendant : ARNOLD, John Josef (0146) and SCHUPPEL Eva Susannah (0194). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Eva and John are recorded as Pastry Cook and Hotelier at Big Jack Hotel 1892 - 1894
15{S0163}, Register of the List of Aliens to whom Certificates of Naturalization have been issued : ARNOLD, John Joseph (0146). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
16{S0130}, Researcher : WORKMAN, Lola re ARNOLD, COLLINS. Custom Id: SUB012. 29 August 2005. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
17{S0130}, Researcher : WORKMAN, Lola re ARNOLD, COLLINS. Custom Id: SUB012. 7 November 2005. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
18{S0066}, BDM (NSW) Online Indexs : Deaths (NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Deaths Index : http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/Index/IndexingOrder.cgi/search?SessionID=&event=...). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Registration no : 3433 / 1893
19{S0066}, BDM (NSW) Online Indexs : Deaths (NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Deaths Index : http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/Index/IndexingOrder.cgi/search?SessionID=&event=...). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Internet Death Search of her daughter Selina Collins gives mothers name as Susan E
20{S0130}, Researcher : WORKMAN, Lola re ARNOLD, COLLINS. Custom Id: SUB012. 23 Aug 2005 (2). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Updated : 23 Mar 2014