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John GRADY (1796?-1854)

John GRADY,1 son of John GRADY ( - ) and Catherine FITZGERALD ( - ), was born in 1796 (calculated) in Limerick, Ireland.2 He was a follower of the Catholic faith .3 He was convicted in 1821 in Limerick. John, along with his brother Martin, at a Special Commission, was found guilty of seizing arms. An extract from the 'Dublin Freemans Journal' of 24 December 1821 states "Martin GRADY and John GRADY were put to the bar, charged under the Whiteboy Act with stealing on the night of 10 August last, a sword, the property of Edward MORGAN.

Edward MORGAN lives within 7 miles of Rathkeale. On the night of the 10 August, a party of 10 or 12 men came to his home and demanded arms. He gave them all he had out at the window, an old sword and this he did from no other motive than fear of his life."

("The Whiteboy Act was also known as the Insurrection Act. The term, Whiteboy, was first used to describe political agitators in October 1761. Disorganised small groups of rebels sought to redress various grievances that usually involved the amount of exaction and the manner of collecting tithes especially in Cork, Limerick, Kerry, Kilkenny, Tipperary and Queen's counties." [Source : Wellesley, Whiteboys and the Brampton Men by Dr. Jennifer Harrison, Dept of History, The University of Queensland, Australia at :

http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/offaly/community/whiteboys_brampton.htm] )

Both John and Martin were sentenced to be hanged. The Dublin Freemans Journal of Wednesday, 26 December 1821 records the Judge's comments and his sentencing of them to death and this to take place in Shanagolden on 3 January 1822.

They were reprieved and sentenced to transportation for life in the Colony of New South Wales. The Dublin Freemans Journal of 5 January 1822 notes that 'a respite was received for Martin and John GRADY' ......".4,5

Before November 1822 John was a reaper . (John was listed on the Mangles (2) Indent as a reaper. The main tasks of a reaper were to cut crops and harvest grain). On arrival both John and Martin were initially sent up river to Parramatta before being assigned to William HOWE Esq. at Upper Minto where it is believed that he worked in this capacity.6,7,8,9

he migrated from Cork, Ireland to Port Jackson Sydney, NSW arriving on 8 November 1822. John travelled on the ship "Mangles" (2) which departed 21 June 1822. [The Ship's Master was John COGHILL and the Surgeon was Matt ANDERSON. COGHILL was part owner of the ship and on John's trip only carried male convicts. In 1822 COGHILL received a land grant at Wingecarribee in the Berrima district. In 1826 he sold his share in the ship and bought Braidwood Farm].4 On 4 September 1823 he was an assigned convict (duties unknown) .10 On 10 March 1824 he was assigned to William HOWE Esq. in Upper Minto, NSW. On arrival both John and and his brother Martin were initially sent up river to Parramatta before going to Howe where it is believed he worked as a reaper.11 In 1832 he was granted Ticket of Leave No. 32/1058.12 He was granted Conditional Pardon No. 39/133306 on 30 November 1839. (A Conditional Pardon freed a convict and was granted on the condition that the convict not return to the UK). He was granted Conditional Pardon No. 41/022 on 1 January 1840. This was an additional CP. Why there were two hasn't been established but it does raise the possibility of an additional offence.13 He was a farmer and grazier .14 He was a carrier .14

he died (aged 58) in July 1854 in an unidentified place.2 He was buried on 28 July 1854 in a location to be determined.15 He married Margaret GRADY**.

 

John probably left a wife and family behind in England when he was transported to Australia.16

Citations

1{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/mlf338.html
2{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Cit. Date: 7 August 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/mlf338.html
3{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
John's parents were Irish Catholics and so it is a reasonable conclusion that he also was a Catholic for some part (if not all) of his life
4{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 30. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
5{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). IRL-LIMERICK-L. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/IRL-LIMERICK/2005-05/1115256462
6{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Reel 6009; 4/3506 p.431
7{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
8{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: AUS-PT-JACKSON-CONVICTS-L
"* 2 "MANGLES". Convict transport
1822 Nov 12
Re her landing, distribution and assignment of convicts on board; including list of 117 male convicts forwarded to Parramatta, Liverpool, Bringelly, Airds, Upper Minto, Windsor, Evan & Bathurst for distribution (Reel 6009;
4/3506 pp.429-35)"
"Some convicts were sent to private individuals ...... Humphrey Lynch, John Kenny, John Grady, Martin Grady, Patrick Byrne, Dennis Gleeson Snr & Jnr, Dennis Gorman, John Dalton, James Ryan, Michael Coughlin, Thoms Donoghue ALL to William Howe Esq at Upper Minto"
9{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: IRL-LIMERICK-L
"23 y.o Martin Grady (and his brother 26 y.o John) were listed on the Mangles Indent as, 'reapers' and natives of Co Limerick"
10{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: 1823 Sep 4 Onlist of prisoners assigned (Fiche 3290; 4/4570D p.46)
11{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
Fiche 3290; 4/4570D p.47
12{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: IRL-LIMERICK-L
" They were freed in the early thirties. Conditional Pardons or Tickets of Leave details also on microfilms in major Libraries - Martin 31/172 (CP200), and John 32/1058"
13{S0199}, Internet : General. http://rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nswwfhg/articles/convicts/0080_grady_john.html. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: 4/4438 Reel 778
14{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
15{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/mlf109.html
16{S0199}, Internet : General. http://rootsweb.ancestry.com/~nswwfhg/articles/convicts/0080_grady_john.html. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Updated : 23 Mar 2014