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Martin GRADY (1798?-1858)

Martin GRADY,1 son of John GRADY ( - ) and Catherine FITZGERALD ( - ), was born in 1798 (calculated) in Dunmoylan, Limerick. It was near Shanogolden on the Shannon River. The Irish name for Dunmoylan is Du'n Maolin.2 He was a follower of the Catholic faith .3 He was convicted in 1821 in Limerick, Ireland. Martin, along with his brother John, at a Special Commission, was found guilty of seizing arms. An extract from the 'Dublin Freemans Journal' of 24 December 1821 states "Martin GRADY and John GRADY were put to the bar, charged under the Whiteboy Act with stealing on the night of 10 August last, a sword, the property of Edward MORGAN.

Edward MORGAN lives within 7 miles of Rathkeale. On the night of the 10 August, a party of 10 or 12 men came to his home and demanded arms. He gave them all he had out at the window, an old sword and this he did from no other motive than fear of his life."

("The Whiteboy Act was also known as the Insurrection Act. The term, Whiteboy, was first used to describe political agitators in October 1761. Disorganised small groups of rebels sought to redress various grievances that usually involved the amount of exaction and the manner of collecting tithes especially in Cork, Limerick, Kerry, Kilkenny, Tipperary and Queen's counties." [Source : Wellesley, Whiteboys and the Brampton Men by Dr. Jennifer Harrison, Dept of History, The University of Queensland, Australia at :

http://www.irishmidlandsancestry.com/content/offaly/community/whiteboys_brampton.htm] ).

Both Martin and John were sentenced to be hanged. The Dublin Freemans Journal of Wednesday, 26 December 1821 records the Judge's comments and his sentencing of them to death and this to take place in Shanagolden on 3 January 1822.

They were reprieved and sentenced to transportation for life in the Colony of New South Wales. The Dublin Freemans Journal of 5 January 1822 notes that 'a respite was received for Martin and John GRADY' ......".4,5 In 1821 he was described as 6ft 1in in height .6

he migrated from Cork, Ireland to Port Jackson Sydney, NSW arriving on 8 November 1822. Martin travelled on the ship "Mangles" (2) which departed on 21 June 1822. [The Ship's Master was John COGHILL and the Surgeon was Matt ANDERSON. COGHILL was part owner of the ship and on Martin's trip only carried male convicts. In 1822 COGHILL received a land grant at Wingecarribee in the Berrima district. In 1826 he sold his share in the ship and bought Braidwood Farm].4

In November 1822 Martin was a reaper . Martin was listed on the Mangles (2) Indent as a reaper. (The main tasks of a reaper were to cut crops and harvest grain).7,8,9,10 Between 1823 and 1824 he was a government servant at Mr BADGERY's property in Bringelly, NSW.11,12,13 On 10 March 1824 he was assigned to William HOWE Esq. in Upper Minto, NSW. On arrival both Martin and and his brother John were initially sent up river to Parramatta before going to Howe where it is believed he worked as a reaper.14 In 1828 he was a government servant in Cabramatta, NSW. He is recorded as working as a Ploughman with Mr BADGERY.15 In 1831 he was granted Ticket of Leave No. 31/172.16,17 He was granted Conditional Pardon No. 200 on 28 February 1834. (A Conditional Pardon freed a convict and was granted on the condition that the convict not return to the UK).

Martin married Mary KNIGHT on 8 February 1835 at St Luke's Church of England in the parish of Cabamatta in Liverpool, NSW. Martin GRADY and Mary KNIGHT both received the Governor's permission to marry in 1835 although they clearly were involved with each other well before that as their daughter Eleanor was born in October 1834. They were married by banns by Chaplain Robert CARTWRIGHT, in the presence of Daniel CANVIN and Elizabeth CANVIN of South Creek NSW. Martin signed with an X and Mary signed her name.18

Between 1836 and 1858 Martin was a farmer and grazier . Based on the birth dates of his children and the 1841 Census he was probably farming in Black Creek (later known as Bendoura) on 21 June 1836; an unknown location in 1838; Braidwood in 1839; the St. Vincent district at Braidwood in 1841 and "Arnprior", Larbert on 9 Oct 1843. This latter was leased from the RYRIE family and it is likely all the other properties he farmed were also leases. According to the 1852 Government Gazette he sold "Town Land at Larbert Town" and received £4 for it but what land this was is not known.19,20 Between 1855 and 1858 he was a hotellier in Larbert, NSW. He was the publican and lessee from the Ryrie family of the licensed premises "The Cottage of Content" which was a Public House. He had licenses issued in 1855 (No 1237); 1856 (No 1237 and Tr/Gr) and 1857 (No 80). As per a report in The Illawarra Mercury and the auction advertisement, the premises were sold on Tuesday, 15 June 1858. As Martin was the lessee of the premises, the proceeds did not go to his estate.20,21,22,23

Martin married Honorah GUEIN in 1857 at Larbert (possibly) but certainly in the the BDM District in Braidwood, NSW.24 He made a will on 29 April 1858 in Shoalhaven River near Larbert, NSW. This was the day before he died.25

he died (aged 60) on 30 April 1858 at "The Cottage of Content" in Larbert. The cause was Disease of the Liver; 3 weeks. On Page 2 of The Goulburn Herald of the 2 May 1858, his death is reported as "DIED At Larbert, on the 30th April, Mr. Martin GRADY of 'The Cottage of Content', aged 62 years". (His actual age was 60).1 He was buried on 2 May 1858 in the RC section of the general cemetery in Braidwood.3 Probate was granted on his estate on 8 June 1858 . It was granted to John Cassels Ryrie and William McDowall, the executors of the will. Goods were sworn at £1800.26

 

Mary KNIGHT27 and Martin GRADY had the following children:

 

Eleanor GRADY (1834-1835)

Catherine GRADY (1836-1919) (known as 'Cate')

James GRADY (1838-1856)

Martin GRADY (1839-1858)

Henry GRADY (1841-1917)

Michael GRADY (1843-1926)

John GRADY (1845-1883)

Ellen GRADY (1847-1924)

Johanna GRADY (1849-1931)

Mary GRADY (1851- )

Citations

1{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/ind982.html
2{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Pages 27, 30. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
He was convicted in 1821 aged 23, giving a calculated birthdate of 1798.
3{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
4{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 30. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
5{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). IRL-LIMERICK-L : http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/IRL-LIMERICK/2005-05/1115256462. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
6{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 30. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Description when he was convicted
7{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Reel 6009; 4/3506 p.431
8{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
9{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/AUS-PT-JACKSON-CONVICTS/2002-04/1019290542. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: AUS-PT-JACKSON-CONVICTS-L
"* 2 "MANGLES". Convict transport
1822 Nov 12
Re her landing, distribution and assignment of convicts on board; including list of 117 male convicts forwarded to Parramatta, Liverpool, Bringelly, Airds, Upper Minto, Windsor, Evan & Bathurst for distribution (Reel 6009;
4/3506 pp.429-35)"
"Some convicts were sent to private individuals ...... Humphrey Lynch, John Kenny, John Grady, Martin Grady, Patrick Byrne, Dennis Gleeson Snr & Jnr, Dennis Gorman, John Dalton, James Ryan, Michael Coughlin, Thoms Donoghue ALL to William Howe Esq at Upper Minto"
10{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: IRL-LIMERICK-L
"23 y.o Martin Grady (and his brother 26 y.o John) were listed on the Mangles Indent as, 'reapers' and natives of Co Limerick"
11{S0271}, Census and Musters : NSW General : GRADY, Martin (1177). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
Martin was listed at Mr Badgery's Bringelly property in 1823, 1824 and 1825
12{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Pages 30, 31. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
13{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
Return of convicts discharged from the Establishment, Emu Plains, to Mr Badgery; Martin is recorded under the name GREADY (Reel 6028; 2/8283 p.187)
14{S0272}, Colonial Secretary Index 1788 - 1825 : GRADY, Martin (1177) and GRADY, John (1191) (NSW State Records : http://www.records.nsw.gov.au/indexes/colsec/g/f22c%5Fgos%2Dgy%2D03.htm). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Primary evidence.
Fiche 3290; 4/4570D p.47
15{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 31. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "as described in that year's Census"
16{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: IRL-LIMERICK-L
" They were freed in the early thirties. Conditional Pardons or Tickets of Leave details also on microfilms in major Libraries - Martin 31/172 (CP200), and John 32/1058"
17{S0328}, Internet (Monaro Pioneers) : General. http://www.monaropioneers.com/Grady-Michael.htm. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
18{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: "Permission to Marry CD and Micofilm of marriage"
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/ind983.html
19{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Pages 27, 31. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: Page 31 : 1841 Census Roll 2222., Mangarlo, Parish St Vincent District Braidwood Item ID x 946 page 71 (Martin, Mary, Catherine & brother John Grady)
20{S0283}, Researcher : GRADY, Mark A re GRADY ("Family Footprints" The Grady Family
Descendants of Martin and Mary Grady (nee Knight) of 'The Cottage of Content Inn' Shoalhaven River, Larbert (Braidwood) NSW 1822 - 2008). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Phone call 14 July 2008 : Martin had leases not Freehold
21{S0273}, Newspaper : GRADY, Martin (1177) : Auction Advertisement. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
22{S0270}, Mailing List (Rootsweb) : General (Rootsweb : http://lists.rootsweb.ancestry.com/). AUS-NSW-SE-L. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
..... The Illawarra Mercury, Thursday, June 24, 1858 page 2
The Country
BRAIDWOOD
[From the Braidwood Dispatch]
INQUEST.--An inquest was held on Thursday last at Larbert, before G. F.
Codrington, Esq., Coroner, and a jury of nine, on view of the body of Ellen
Hawkins. Henry Hawkins, being sworn stated, he was a lime burner, at
Larbert. He went to the sale of the Cottage of Content on Tuesday, .....
23{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Pages 27, 31. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
24{S0065}, BDM (NSW) Online Indexs : Marriages (NSW Registry of Births, Deaths and Marriages Marriages Index : http://www.bdm.nsw.gov.au/cgi-bin/Index/IndexingOrder.cgi/search?SessionID=&event=...). Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: Bride : Horrora GUEIN
Registration no : 1510 / 1857
25{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 32. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
26{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 32. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Text From Source: Probate No. 4081
27{S0268} Researcher : METCALFE, Kerrie re GRADY & MCNAMARA, Book Extract : "Our Grady Connection" - Pages 26 - 48 (http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/_nameindex.html). Custom Id: SUB007. Page 27. Cit. Date: before 1 July 2009. Assessment: Secondary evidence.
Site : http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~metlew/ml/ind983.html

Compiler of this family history is : John Owen

              

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Ellen & John

Updated : 23 Mar 2014