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ARRIVAL OF THE WAIROA
New Zealand Mail 20 October 1877

All Wednesday the ship Wairoa was outside the Heads awaiting the flood tide to enable her to beat into port. At 6 o’clock that evening she commenced to work up with a fresh N.W. wind, and an hour afterwards was inside Barratt’s Reef, where, however the breeze fell light and it was not till half-past two on Thursday morning that she came to an anchorage in port abreast of Somes Island. The Wairoa , as is already known belongs to this port. She brings 175 statute adult immigrants, and as clean, healthy and desirable a lot of people as ever arrived here. They comprise 22 married couples, 48 single girls, 65 single men, and 43 children. Some of them (about 15) are destined for the Fielding settlement. Dr. A. Hamilton, the surgeon-superintendent, who has previously visited this port in the Collingwood, reports that the health of the passengers throughout the trip was most excellent, and that no serious sickness of any kind was experienced.

Two deaths occurred, viz that of an infant three months’ old from marasmas, and a single man named William Muir, aged 22, of consumption. Of amusement there was no lack, for when the ship was fairly at sea, concerts, penny readings, and Christy Minstrel entertainments were held weekly which tended greatly to relieve the monotony of the long sea voyage. Captain Joss and his officers amongst whom we might mention the chief one , Mr Neven, have evidently made themselves very popular with the immigrants during the voyage, a fact which ensued when the passengers were leaving the vessel yesterday. Referring to the Wairoa’s passage from London , it may be mentioned that it was fine weather throughout. She never experienced a gale of wind during the whole time, moderate winds with fine weather seemingly having prevailed, which, although it made things pleasant to those travelling in the vessel, must have at least annoyed her worthy skipper, who instead of finding strong winds during certain portions of the trip , met with nothing but light and baffling breezes. Her royals were only furled once from the time she left Ushant till she made Cook Stait. The N.E trades were of a very fickle nature indeed, while the S.E trades although a good wind , did not last sufficiently long to bring the ship within the belt of the westerly winds which in their turn were of no account. Taking everything into consideration the passage of the Wairoa is by no means a bad one. It occupied 92 days from land to land, and 95 from anchorage to anchorage: and her run across the southern ocean was unusually long occupying 35 days. She left London on the 7th July , adjusted her compasses at Greenhithe same day and then proceeded in tow to Plymouth, arriving there on the 9th. Embarked immigrants on the 14th, and proceeded down the Channel at 6pm next day with fresh westerly winds. Took her departure from Ushart at 4pm on the 17th and thence till Madiera was passed on the 26th , had moderate and light N.E and westerly winds, the barometer during the time ranging high. On the 27th what might be called the first of the N.E trades was met with, which proved from first to last to be very light. The southing was made on the meridians of 23 deg to 23 deg W, and the Cape Verde Islands were passed about 90 miles to the westward on the 4th August. The N.E trades were lost in 12 deg, where the wind shifted suddenly int o the S.W, carrying the vessel to 5 deg N and 18 deg W. Thence it worked into the south, and the vessel stood on a S.W course for some time, when the wind gradually hauled into the south-east , which proved to be the trade, and thus the equatorial calm belt was got through without her having any of the calms and baffling airs which are so frequently found in that latitude. The Equator was crossed in 25 deg W 29 days out. The S.E trade proved brisk, and gave out in 20 deg S. and 35 deg W on the 20th , and was followed by light and variable winds , mostly from the northward, until the 26th when the westerlies were found. Tristan d’Acunha was sighted on the 31st August, and the meridian of Greenwich crossed in 41 deg S on the 4th September, and six days afterwards she had passed the Cape. On the 43rd parallel principally she hauled off the balance of the casting, the wind experienced being exceedingly light, accompanied by frqunt and long continuing fogs, in one case lasting for 8 consecutive days, and on two other occasion 5 and 4 days respectively. No ice was met with, and but one easterly wind. The Meridian of the Leuwin was passed on the 1st inst. and Tasmania on the 7th. Land was made in the vicinity of Cape Farewell at noon on the 12th, but owing to a clam-the first experienced during the voyage-Cape Farewell was not passed until noon of the next day. S.E winds and fine weather were found to Stephen Island, where a nor’wester was met with, which ran her down to the Heads, arriving there on the 14th inst. At 7 o’clock next morning took Pilot Holmes on board, but was prevented from beating into port owing to the very heavy N.W winds blowing, and the same night very thick disagreeable weather came on. She went half way across the Strait, and next morning came back to the Heads and waited for the evening’s tide, when she commenced to work in arriving here yesterday. The Wairoa comes into port in good order , both above and below. Her immigrants were landed yesterday by the Moa. She has entered at the Customs, and will in all probability be berthed at the wharf today.

ARRIVAL OF THE SHIP WAIROA
The Evening Post October 27th 1877

The New Zealand Shipping Company’s fine ship "Wairoa", 1015 tons arrived off the Heads early this morning and her numbers were run up very shortly afterwards. She is announced as having left London on the 7th July, and Plymouth on the 15th of the same month, which would give her a passage of 93 days from the latter port. She has a large general cargo , several saloon passengers and a number of Government immigrants. In consequence of the strong N.W. wind today , she had not been able to get into port up to the time we went to press, but will probably beat in this evening.

She brings the following passengers in addition to 193 Government immigrants:- Mrs Price, Mr R Hargraves, Mr A C R Drewe and servant , Mr Rowles Patterson, Miss E Spooner, Mr and Mrs J Webber, Mr A Webber, Mr and Mrs Cucksey and daughter, Dr Hamilton.