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ARRIVAL OF THE OLIVE
The Star August 8th 1878

This ship was signalled yesterday morning, her number being hoisted shortly after 1 p m. She was towed up the harbour by the PS (paddle steamer) Titan, and on being boarded by the health officer was soon cleared, when the Press representatives were admitted on board. The Olive is a handsome iron vessel, four years old, owned by Henry Ellis of London,  and commanded by Captain McCracken. She has been running in the East India trade heretofore. She brings three saloon, six second-cabin, and thirteen steerage passengers. The voyage has occupied 106 days from the Downs, and 101 from land to land. Very unfavourable weather was met while running down the easting, and to that the length of the passage is attributable. The Olive brings one passenger less than embarked owing to a death taking place on July 31. Mr George Cotton, one of the second-cabin passengers, died of consumption. He had been very ill all through the voyage, and gradually sank, having been confined to his bed for eight weeks. On his coming on board it was noticed that he was in a very bad state of health, and he undertook the voyage with the hope of improving it. The second and third-cabin passengers were located in the 'tewwn decks aft, and certainly they had most uncomfortable quarters; there was no light whatever beyond that derived from the scuttle when open. During the heavy weather a considerable quantity of water found its way down there, and rendered matters more unpleasant. In addition to want of light and want of ventilation. The place was in a very dirty state, but that of course was owing to the neglect of those quartered there in not keeping it as clean as they might have done. If passengers are to be quartered in the 'tween decks, proper provision should be made for light and air, especially in ships which are constructed without port-holes. The passengers, without doubt, have not had very cheerful times, and several complaints about the food were made. The voyage, witht eh exception of the death mentioned, has been devoid of incident of any particular character.

The following is the account of the passage kindly furnished by the chief officer:- The Olive left London on April 21, and passed Deal on April 23. Had light easterly winds down Channel, and took final departure from land on April 26. Experienced light south-east winds across the Bay, and picked up the north-east trades in 20 north. On may 13 the trades were light, and the ship drifted down right inside Madeira becalmed. The trades were lost in 9 north on May 18; variable winds were then experiencedto 17 miles south of the Lino, where the south-east trades were caught on May 24, the equator being crossed that day. The south-east trades were very squally, and were lost in 24 south on June 4. Thence to meridian of the Cape, which was passed on June 25 in 39.30 south, had north-east and north-west winds. The easting was run down between 39 and 40 south, the westerlies being very variable indeed, the wind not blowing from the same quarter for 24 hours together. The Tr?s were made on August 5; had southerly winds up the coast; passed Otago Heads on Tuesday; sighted the Peninsula at 4 am yesterday; and arrived at anchor, in tow of the ps Titan, at 4 pm.

On May 29 while in south-east trades the wind freshened to a heavy gale, which split the mainsail, and carried away the three topgallant sails, two upper topsails, three royals, inner and outer jib and jobboom, the wind blowing with hurricane force.

The following ships were spoken during the passage:-
Ship British King, London to colonies, 5 days out in Channel.
April 25, Forest King, ship, bound Home.
Same date, Zeno, barque, also homeward bound.
May 7, San Loius, English ship, Liverpool to Buenos Ayres, 14 days out.
May 10, a steamer of Donal Currie's line, bound to London from the Cape, passed.
May 13, ship, Bedfordshire, London to Sydney, 23 days out.
May 14, barque, Southesk, London to Moreton Bay, with immigrants, 16 days out.
June 8, exchanged signals with ship Devonshire, of Glasgow, Dunedin to Calcutta, 57 days out.
Same day, George Arkle, of Fowey, from Cardiff to Cape Town, 61 days out.

The Olive brings a large cargo, and is consigned to the New Zealand Shipping Company.