EMIGRATION OF IRON-WORKERS
TO NEW ZEALAND BY THE ANDREW JACKSON
Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle August 8th1865
We find the following in the Liverpool Daily Courier, of May 19 :- On Wednesday evening a farewell meeting of iron workers and their families, who are leaving England in the ship Andrew Jackson, was held in Mercers-street, London. The men intend to establish in Auckland a Brierly-hill special settlement. Mr. Alfred Houlder, chairman of the meeting, addressed the emigrants. He pointed out to the men the prospect of future success, but reminded them that many difficulties would have to be overcome. Nevertheless he assured them that there was no position in the colonies, however exalted, to which the humblest of them might not attain. They were to remember that they took with them the honour and the freedom of old England, and he conjured them not to disgrace the trust confided to them. After some further remarks and advice from the chairman as to their conduct during the voyage, Mr. George Potter addressed the meeting. He pointed out the circumstances which, as he asserted, compelled them to leave the mother country. He attributed the departure of the iron-workers to the recent disputes in the iron districts of North Staffordshire and elsewhere; he was proud at the same time to say that they were not leaving their country as Government emigrants, but that every man had paid his own passage-money. He also announced that each emigrant would receive a grant of forty acres of land. The chairman then introduced Captain Daldy, agent-general for the government of Auckland. The ship Andrew Jackson, he said, was about to take out from 240 to 250 emigrants. There was room for many more to follow, for there were in Auckland alone twelve millions of acres of land yet uncultivated. He pointed out also that the population had increased from 100 in 1841 to 1,600 in 1865. Before separating a hymn was sung, and a prayer offered by the reverend chaplain of the institute.
ARRIVAL OF THE ANDREW
Daily Southern Cross August 31st 1865
The American clipper-built ship, Andrew Jackson, l, 262 tons register, Captain J. McCallum, arrived in port shortly before noon on Aug 24, from London, after a smart passage of 90 days. She brings a large cargo of general merchandise and an addition to our population of 269 souls. She sailed from London on, the 18th of May, and left Gravesend on the 20th. Parted pilot at Dover the same day and passed Dungeness in the evening. Was off the Lizard Point at noon on the 22nd. Had fine weather down the channel, but immediately upon leaving experienced some rough breezes, which gradually increased to a gale on the 26th, with a rough sea on, which lasted three days. On the 29th, the wind moderated. Sighted Madeira Island on the 4th June. Fell in with the south-east trade winds on the 6th in lat. 28 08N., and long 19 41 W. On the 11th June passed S by W of St. Antonio, Cape-de-Verde Islands. On the 19th encountered a heavy squall from the eastward which gave but little warning of its approach, and although sail was shortened with all possible speed, five sails were split. Crossed the meridian of the equator in 35 50 on the 24th June 35 days from the Downs. Had light southerly winds for ten days previously. On the 20th sighted the island of Fernando do Noronha, bearing S W by W. Passed to the westward of the meridian of the Cape on the 10th of July and reached the meridian on the 18th, in lat 45 S. Experienced a severe gale on the 21st, which lasted some hours, and shortly afterwards, came in sight of a large iceberg, in very hazy weather, and passed severl others afterwards. Had to alter the ships course four or five points to clear them. In lat 53 S long 92 E, experienced a heavy gale from the N E during which the fore and main-topsails were lost. The barometer sank from 29 20 to 27 86. Sighted the Three Kings on the 19th August, bearing E N E and on the 2lst was abreast of the North Cape. Made Cape Brett at noon on the 22nd, and the Poor Knights on the 23rd. Had strong S and S E winds along the coast until until arriving in port.
The immigrants have arrived in a healthy state, in charge of J. L Kingston, M D surgeon superintendent.
There were three deaths and two births during the passage. The first death was that of a passenger named Davis, who expired of consumption, on the 15th June. On the 10th of August Miss Turner, and on the 22nd Mr E White expired after brief illnesses.
On the 1st July Mrs. Hastie, and on the 15th August Mrs, McIlfride (sic), gave birth to male children.
A subscription was raised in the vessel for the widow of Mr. Davis, to enable her, if she wished, to return to England with her children.
Respecting the sailing qualities of this smart vessel, which has made twelve previous voyages, six of which have been from New York to San Francisco, we need only say that for four days, namely the 13th, 14th, 15th, and 16th of July, she made runs of 296, 311, 300, and 321 miles respectively, making a total of 1,231 miles in four successive days, averaging 308½ miles per day, or nearly 13 knots per hour.
DEPARTURE OF THE ANDREW
Daily Southern Cross September 6th 1865
The ship Andrew Jackson sailed for Batavia [Jakarta, Indonesia] following the discharge of her cargo [paraphrased from the newspaper].