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'Wellington'

New Zealand Bound

Otago Witness February 9 1878 page 11 (of 24)
The voyage of the ship WELLINGTON arriving Port Chalmers, New Zealand on 6 February 1878. A full passenger list was not given in the newspaper, just the fourteen saloon passengers. She departed Greenock, Scotland 22 November 1877.

Voyage of the Piako is also on the same Otago Witness newspaper page. The transcription below is off the wonderful NZ National Libraries website  'Papers Past' - a NZ National Library website. 

SHIPPING -Arrivals
Wellington, ship, 1347 tons, Cowan, from Glasgow.
Cargills, Gibbs, & Co., agents.
Passengers - Mr and Mrs Anderson and family (3), Mrs Ferguson, Master Ferguson, Captain MacIntosh, Messrs G. R. Smith, A. M. Allison, J.S. Smith, J. Dudgeon, R. Low, R. Turner, and 315 free and assisted immigrants, equal to 289 statute adults.
[(from anther source) John Dudgeon; Mrs & John Fergusson; Jno Harris 20; Robert Lowe; John McIntosh; John McKenna; Donald McKenzie & 1 dog, to Napier.]


ARRIVAL OF THE WELLINGTON

The Albion Company's ship Wellington was towed up to the anchorage on February 6th 1878 by the tug Koputai and anchored off Mansford Bay at 6 a.m. Shortly after her arrival the Immigration Officer, Mr ALLAN, unaccompanied either of the Health Officers or any Customs official, proceeded on board, and after remaining some time left by the steam launch and was landed at the Port. A few minutes later after 9 a.m. the ship was officially visited by Capt. THOMSON, Health Officer, Mr J. R. MONSON, of the Customs Department, and having received satisfactory replies from Captain Cowan relative to the health of his numerous passengers, the official party boarded the vessel, inspected her decks and passenger compartments, and cleared her in. They were followed by the representatives of the press, who were cordially greeted by Captain Cowan, and invited to inspect the vessel, which comes into port in splendid order, and as clean as hands can make her, every compartment occupied by the passengers bearing evidence of industrious habits. She has made a crack passage from anchor to anchor of 74 days, and brings, in addition to 14 saloon passengers, 315 immigrants, and 1200 tons of cargo, one-third of which is dead weight, and the remainder general cargo. The immigrants are under the charge of Dr. M. G. Keighly MARKS, who reports that beyond a case or two of rheumatism the general health of the passengers has been exceptionally good. No deaths have occurred, and but two births have taken place Mrs DEVINNEY being confined of a girl on the 23 of December, and Mrs DUNCAN of a boy on the 5th of January. The immigrants are a healthy looking body of people, and seem likely to prove suitable colonists. Their nationalities are - English, 26 males, 11 females ; Scotch, 65 males, 39 females ; Irish, 98 males, 74 females. Both Capt. Cowan and Mr Marks spoke favourably of them, particularly the single females, whose general conduct has been extremely satisfactory, while the people themselves expressed entire satisfaction both with the ship and her officers. The single females were berthed, as usual in all the Albion Company's ships, in a compartment in front of the poop, and were under the care of Miss CLARK the Matron. This compartment was neat and clean, and abundance of space was given to the occupants, who numbered 82.The married people with their families, numbering in all 130 persons, were berthed in the midship part of the 'twen decks, and were most comfortably situated, a due regard having been paid to securing as much privacy as possible for each family. The dispensary and store-room were situated in this compartment, which was in excellent order. The single men, of whom there are 129, had also a large and well ventilated compartment, which was cleanly and well kept. During the passage the immigrants were exercised at fire quarters at every convenient opportunity, and a constant watch was kept during the voyage. We thank Captain COWAN for the following extract from his private journal relative to the Wellington's passage from Glasgow :- Left the Tail of the Bank on November 23rd with a strong N.W. wind, let go the tug off Cambray Head at 2 p.m., and got as far as the Isle of Man, when the wind hauled around to the S.W., and forced her to turn for the north channel. Discharged the pilot at 7 a.m. on the 24th, sending him ashore by a steamer entering the channel. Reached the mouth of the channel at 1 a.m. on the 25th, when the wind veered suddenly to the northward, blowing hard, and which forced her to turn back for the south channel, scudding down at the rate of 10 knots an hour. She passed the Codlin light at 10 p.m., and thence the wind backed to S.W., blowing moderately fair. She passed between Tuscar and the Smalls at 4 p.m. on the 26th, and thence met a heavy S.W. gale with thick foggy weather, the ship being kept under her lower topsails. At 10 p.m. the wind abated, and the weather cleared ; thence the wind hauled to N.W., and she passed the Smalls light on the 27th ; had a strong W.S.W. gale on the following day, which prevented her weathering the Scilly Islands, and forced her to wear, thence the wind veered to south-south-west, and increased to a gale, which moderated on the 29th, and enabled her to take her departure from Scilly with strong westerly winds. She reached the island of Madeira on December 4th, and was becalmed in sight of the land for two days, taking the first of the N.E. Trades on the 6th ; experienced strong trades far to the northward, and passed inside the Cape de Verde group ; lost the Trades in latitude 4 N. on December 16th, and on the following day took the S.E. Trades in latitude 2 N. Crossed the Equator on the 18th day out from Scilly in longitude 29 west. Experienced fresh S.E. Trades. Passed in sight of St Paul's Rocks on December 18th, and on the 25th spoke the barque Antarctic from Iquique for Falmouth 62 days out, sent a mail by her to England, and on the same day in latitude 24 S. lost the S.E. Trades ; thence she experienced light variable winds to latitude 35 S., and on January 3rd passed in sight of Gough Island. Crossed the meridian of Greenwich on the 4th of January in longitude 40 30 S. had fine westerly winds, and rounded the Cape of Good Hope on January 8th, in latitude 43 south ; thence she encountered strong gales from N.E. to S.E., which continued to the 13th, and was succeeded by fine passage winds from N.W. to S.W. right across the Southern Ocean ; she passed in sight of Prince Edward Island on the 13th and on the 15th saw a small piece of ice 80 miles S.W. of the Crozett Group ; passed Kerguelen Land on the 50th day out from Scilly, Jan. 18th, and during that week made excellent running; the best day's work being 340 miles, and the total logged for the week was 2000 miles. Crossed the meridian of Cape Leuwin on January 25th, in latitude 47 deg. 43 min. S., and Tasmania on the 31st ; experienced a light easterly wind for about 16 hours, and thence had northerly winds up to the land. Made the Snares on the second instant, 66 days from Scilly, and 26 from the Cape of Good Hope; had light airs and calms. Passed Stewart Island on the afternoon of the same day, and was off the Nuggets on the 3rd; experienced variable winds till noon of the 5th, and thence had a fresh S.W. wind to arrival. The easting was run down on the 47th parallel of south latitude. Captain COWAN reports passing two barques along the coast.

Information on the "Wellington" courtesy of Peter Dillon who is researching Jane Docherty/ Doherty, a single woman on the passenger list: Posted 27 January 2005.

The microfilm

The Wellington passenger list, the original document being at Archives NZ in Wellington. The microfilm in the Central Public Library in Christchurch and relates to assisted passages. The library also has films of the card indexes to assisted passages re individuals (at Archives NZ). Unfortunately the film is incredibly hard to read and to try to transcribe the list because it is certain that any transcriber would make many errors. Many names would be sheer guesses and a lot can't be read at all. The only reason Peter was able to pick out Jane DOHERTY, his wife's great-grandmother, in the list of single women, was because he knew whom he was looking for and knew that she would be there. Her name was totally unreadable in the index to passengers that began the list. He was able to pick her out in the actual list. Someone has scratched on the the title page of the microfilm list that the Wellington arrived in March, but the Otago Witness & other sources (e.g. White Wings) make it clear that the Wellington arrived in February.

From LDS film

CLEARY	 	 Mary
DOHERTY		 Jane (age 17)
FLYNN		 Ann  (dairymaid)
FLYNN		 Hannah
GILCHRIST	 Janet & John
GRIFFIN 	 Mary (from Galway)
JOHNSTON	 Annie
McDONALD	 Eliza
MAHONY		 Mary
MAHONY		 Mary
MAHONY		 Honoria
MAHONEY		 Johannah
McGOWAN		 Bridget
MINOGEN		 Kate
MINOGEN		 Ellen
McFARLANE	 Eliza J
MOUBERY		 Matilda
MAHON		 Margaret
MacANDREW	 Mary E
MacKEOWN	 Mary J
MAGUIRE		 Mary
McCLOUD		 Margaret
McCLOSKIE	 Maggie
McLEOD		Mary & John
McMAHON		Mary
McMAHON		Maria
O'DONNELL	Bella
O'DONNELL	Maggie
ORMSBY		Margaret
ROGAN	 	Rose
ROGAN	 	Anne
ROHAN		Ellen
ROORKE	 	Winnifred
RULE		Johanna
ROBERTSON	Nannie
SCHOALS		Mary J
SHIEL		Margaret
SHORE		Mrs J
SMITH		Christina
THIMBLE		Ann Jane
WILSON		Mary
WRIGHT		Elizabeth
YOUNG		Sarah
VARLEY		Julia
TUOHY		Honorah

Index to Assisted Passengers at National Archives (on microfilm at Canterbury Public Library) Archives ref. Im 15 / 315
Doherty Jane, female, adult.
ship "Wellington" arriving 1878

Microfilm of passenger lists (to which the reference Im 15 / 315 refers)
p.23 Assisted Emigration to Otago New Zealand by the ship Wellington 1877
Single Women DOHERTY Jane Age 17, Adult, Female
County: Londonderry
Occupation: Dom. Servt
Total Cost of Passage Money to the Government: 13 11 shillings
Amount Payable by Individuals (either in Cash, Promissory Notes by Emigrants, or Bills from Friends in the Colony):
Present Cost to the Government (Total Cost less Cash paid): 13 11 shillings
Ultimate Cost to the Government (Total Cost less Cash, Promissory Notes & Bills): 13 11 shillings.

Jane Doherty / Docherty married James John O'Connor:
26/01/1882 Marriage @ St Joseph's Church, Dunedin [ NZ BDM 3588 ]
James John O'Connor, 30, Bachelor, born Ireland, present & usual residence Dunedin
Father - James John O'Connor, farmer
Mother - Mary O'Conner nee Sullivan 
Jane Docherty, 22, Housemaid, Spinster, born Ireland, present & usual residence Dunedin
Father - Anthony Docherty, farmer
Mother - Jane Docherty, nee Docherty
Officiating minister: M. Walsh.
Witnesses: Bernard Stephen Carlton, Dunedin, Merchant & Sarah Kelly, Dunedin?

17/04/1924 Death @ 111 Harbour Terrace, Dunedin:
James O'Connor, Corporation Employee, male, 74 years died of cerebral apolexy, coma [Dr E.G. O'Neil - last saw deceased 16/04/1924].
Father - O'Connor, a labourer. Mother - O'Connor.
Buried 19/04/1924 South Cemetery, Dunedin
Minister M. Spillane R.C.
Born County Kerry,
How long in NZ: 50 years
Married at 31 years to Jane Docherty (60 years old).
Surviving issue : M - 40, 29, 27, 24 F - 38, 37, 35, 32, 30
Informant S.C. Gourley, Undertaker, Dunedin.
Registered 22/04/1924.
[BDM John Wickliffe House, Dunedin]

Death Notices in the New Zealand Tablet, Vol 2, L to Z, May 1873 to Apr 1999 (with obituary notices for Otago and Southland)
Compiled by Michael Rombouts, Dunedin 2000 Copy in NZ room of Canterbury Public Library, Christchurch, NZ
p. 287
O'CONNOR James J. (d. 17 Apr, aged 75 yrs) at his residence, 111 Harbour Terrace, Dunedin; born in Co. Kerry, in the same house in which Daniel O'CONNELL lived; he came to NZ when a young man and settled in Dunedin; he was married in old St Joseph's church in 1885 [ sic - was actually 1882] and reared a family of 4 sons and 5 daughters; one son was killed in the fighting at the Somme, and two other sons served at the front; he joined St Joseph's branch of the Hibernian Society in 1886 and was elected secretary in 1898, a post which he held continuously till 1922, a period of nearly 25 years; he was president of the society in 1890; in lodge matters he was a recognised authority, in fact he made a hobby of the work; his accuracy was remarkable and there is not a case on record of an auditor having found the slightest error in his work; for 11 years as a member of the Dunedin Fire Brigade; he was in the employment of the Dunedin City Council as waterman for 42 years, and retired last year owing to ill-health; service by Fr. Spillane.

p.p. 287-288
O'Connor, Jane nee Doherty (d. 31 Jan 1928) at Dunedin; memoriam notice 1929.
O'CONNOR Jane nee DOHERTY wife of James J. (d. 31 Jan 1828, aged 68 yrs) at the residence of her daughter, Mrs J. Clark, 1 Tay Street, Kensington; born 1860 at Port Glasgow, Scotland; widow; late of Harbour Terrace; when very young, she was brought to Mullaghduff, Co. Donegal, and at the age of 18 arrived in Dunedin by the ship "Wellington"; in 1882 she was married in St Joseph's church to the late James J. O'Connor, for many years secretary of the Hibernian Society in Dunedin, who predeceased her four years ago; the late Mrs O'Connor was one of the first members of the Children of Mary when that sodality was inaugurated by the late Rev. Mother Gabriel; just a few months ago she made a visit to Ireland accompanied by her youngest son, and on that occasion, after 50 years absence, renewed acquaintance with her sister, who is now in the Convent of Mercy, Londonderry; she is survived by 4 sons - Arthur (Auckland), Patrick, James and Maurice (Dunedin), and 5 daughters - Mrs J. C. Clark (Dunedin), Mrs H. Mason (Auckland), Mrs J. H. Chapman, Mrs H. S. Geddes (Christchurch) and Mrs Harold Gallagher (Blenheim); another son, Michael, her fourth, was killed in action at Messines in 1917; service by Fr. Hally; buried Southern cemetery.

NB: The reference above to Daniel O'CONNELL will be to THE famous Daniel O'Connell l for whom O'Connell l street in Dublin is named. James & Janes' daughter Eileen's BDM birth register entry says that her father James was born at Caherciveen in County Kerry. If James was indeed born in the house in which Daniel O'Connell lived, then maybe it could be the famous ruin just outside Caherciveen. However, Daniel O'Connell l lived at other places too. At this stage we have no idea why James would have been born in a house associated with such a famous person. Could be coincidence, of course.

From White Wings: Vol. 1 pages 47 -50
(two photos pages 48 & 49 of the Wellington - one at Port Chalmers (see Timeframes)  taken by Mr De Maus and the other showing damage from hitting ice)

THE SHIP WELLINGTON.
Some Close Calls - Exciting Time Among the Ice.
During the 32 years she sailed the ocean, between the day she first took the water on the River Clyde and the day she foundered when being towed down to an Argentine port, the ship Wellington had a most adventurous career. The Wellington was a ship of 1250 tons, and she was built by Robert Duncan at Port Glasgow in 1874 for Patrick Henderson, who later amalgamated with the Shaw Savill Company, and it was under the house flag of the company that she made most of her voyages to New Zealand.

ALMOST ON THREE KINGS.
The Wellington made only one voyage to Auckland, and on that occasion she very nearly left her bones on the Three Kings, a danger that has been a menace to shipping for years and is still unlighted.
Mr. James MORRIS, now residing in Auckland, who was a passenger from London on this occasion, arriving here in January, 1882, has sent me an account of the incident. He writes:- "The running into a mountainous iceberg was not the only miraculous escape which this good ship had, as on the trip when I was a passenger to Auckland we had a narrow escape of running on to the Three Kings. I kept a diary of the voyage, and I find this entry: Dec. 29, 1881 - wind light; ship logged only 87 miles during past 24 hours. Towards evening there was a dense mist, dull weather having prevailed for several days. The officers calculated we were some 30 to 40 miles north of the Three Kings. Suddenly the fog lifted and the islands were revealed right ahead. As quickly as possible the ship's head was turned out to sea, giving the Kings a wide berth. Some of the passengers were much alarmed; some cried, some clung hold of the sailors, and others knelt down and prayed for their deliverance." Captain Cowan was in command on this occasion.
Under favourable conditions the Wellington had a great turn of speed, and Mr. Morris in his letter mentions that on December 2nd she ran 342 knots, which gives an average of over 14 miles an hour.

RUN DOWN.
On another occasion, when on a voyage to Wellington, the ship was in collision in the English Channel. She left London with immigrants on October 11, 1890, and on the following day the collision occurred. She had her stem, jib-boom, and all head gear carried away and a large hole knocked in her bow.
"The pilot left us in the Downs at 3 a.m. on October 12th," said Captain Cowan, "and at 6.40 a.m., while the ship lay becalmed in a dense fog, a steamer crossed her bows and came in collision with her. The stem, jib-boom, and all head gear were carried away and large holes were knocked in each bow. We were obliged to put back and the ship was towed to port by the tug which had never left her side. The steamer that ran us down proved to be the Adolf Dieppe, of 800 tons, belonging to Antwerp.She, too, suffered considerably, her bridge, funnel, and mainmast having been carried away and a large hole, partly under her waterline, knocked in her side. The fog was very dense the whole time and the whistles of various steamers could be heard on all sides. The Adolf Dieppe appeared to be coming at full speed, but ported her helm in the hopes of getting across the ship's bow. She was a very low boat, and the damage to her bridge, funnel, and main- mast was done by the ship's jib-boom.
The Wellington was towed back to London and placed in dry dock, where upon examination it was found that 24ft of the stem was smashed completely away, while a large number of plates on each bow had to be taken out and replaced, the work taking fourteen days

A MIRACULOUS ESCAPE.
The most wonderful escape the Wellington had was in 1893, when she was bound from Picton to London with frozen meat. The story was told me by Mr. Andrew AITKEN, the burly Scottish mate of the Takapuna ferry steamer Pupuke, who was one of the crew of the Wellington on this memorable voyage.
The ship left Picton on May 12, 1893. It was not until three weeks later that she got clear of the land. About halfway between New Zealand and Cape Horn, while running out of a hurricane, with goose-winged main topsail, the ship pooped a sea, which broke the arm of the man at the wheel and sent the mate through the hen coop, breaking his leg in two places. During this gale the ship logged fourteen knots, which it must be admitted was pretty good for a vessel under bare poles except for the goose-winged main topsail. For the landsman it may be as well to explain that a square sail is "goose-winged" when the middle part is furled to the yard and only the corners (clews as they are called) are hauled out, this giving the sail the appearance of a goose's wing.
From New Zealand to the Horn there is usually a fair wind, and in the case of the Wellington it was considerably more than that; so much so that the ship found herself away to the southeast of that stormy corner. Right up to the Horn the course was by dead reckoning (the weather had been so bad) and Mr. Aitken says they were so far to the eastward that they sighted South Georgia.

CRASHES INTO A BERG.
It was at a quarter to four the morning after sighting this land that the look-out man cried out "Ice!" the ship seemed to be right on top of it. There in the dark loomed a great iceberg, "with more mass than Rangitoto," says Mr. Aitken. "Down with your helm" rang out the order, and as the ship came up into the wind she just struck the berg with her shoulder. There was a deafening crash as the jib-boom and everything on the foremast above the lower mast came down, while about thirty feet of the ship's head was crumpled. The fore- castle was a litter of wreckage and ice that had come crashing down on the deck. Everyone on board thought his last moment had come.
In the forecastle, where the watch below was fast asleep, there was a scene of confusion. Being a light sleeper, Mr. Aitken jumped out of his bunk at the first cry from the look-out, and. quickly realising the position called out: "It's all right, boys; we've struck ice, but we are clear of it now!" When the crash came it seemed as though the ship's side must be stove in. Sleeping in the next bunk to Mr. Aitken was a lad, and, like all youngsters, he was a sound sleeper. It is to be hoped he never wakened, as the crumpled iron plates crushed his body flat, and he did not even cry out.

AN AWFUL DEATH.
The fate of a sailor named FLEMING was not so merciful. He was caught under the debris, and nothing could extricate him. As soon as possible Mr. Aitken (who was Fleming's particular chum, having known him on a previous ship) made his way through the ice and found the unfortunate man in an awful plight; in fact he was so terribly injured that it was a marvel that he lived. "For Heaven's sake, Andy, get a gun and put me out of my agony," shrieked the injured sailor. It would have been a kindness to accede to his prayer, but that was impossible. Mercifully he soon afterwards lost consciousness, but he lingered until about eight o'clock that morning.
Upon going down into the fore-hatch where the coal for the refrigerator was carried it was found that two of the plates had been wrenched apart, letting daylight through, but fortunately the ship was not damaged below the waterline. It was a miracle that with all that crushing weight forward - ice from the berg and the wrecked spars and rigging - no more serious damage was done to the hull.
For three days the crew were up cutting the wreckage away and clearing the awful confusion made by the fall of the top hamper. "I was five days before I got to the wheel," says Mr. Aitken, "and while we were getting things as ship shape as was possible there was no question of steering the old ship; we were just drifting about."

"NOW WE KNOW."
"When it was all over," continued Mr. Aitken, ''Captain Cowan, with tears in his eyes, said to me, 'Now we know what happened to the Dunedin.' I did not know the ship he was referring to, but she had left New Zealand in 1890', loaded with frozen meat for the Old Country, and was never heard of again. Naturally her disappearance was much discussed by the skippers in the trade."
After the tangle aloft had been cleared away the Wellington's crew were able to set the foresail, and a course was made for Rio de Janeiro, where the ship refitted. At that time there was one of those frequent South American wars on, the navy fighting the army in this instance, and there were a number of foreign men-o'-wars in the harbour, included among the number being several British. In spite of the knocking about she had received, the Wellington's engineers managed to keep the refrigerators going all right, and a good deal of the meat was sold to the shipping at Rio. Captain Cowan, the master of the Wellington, was a fine seaman and a fine gentleman, says Mr. Aitken.

CAPTAIN COWAN

Captain Cowan, commanded the Wellington when she was first launched, and he made 19 voyages to New Zealand, bringing many thousand immigrants from London and Glasgow to the chief ports in New Zealand, but mainly to Lyttelton and Port Chalmers. Captain Cowan was much esteemed by his passengers as a gentleman, and he was a very fine sailor. Before taking over the Wellington he commanded the Wild Deer, Helenslee and Margaret Galbraith and other ships running to the Dominion.
The Wellington made some very good passages to New Zealand, her best run port to port being 74 days from Glasgow to Port Chalmers (70 days land to land) in 1877-78. On her first voyage Home in 1875 the Wellington ran from Port Chalmers to London in 69 days. The ship put a fine finish to her record in the trade. This was in 1904. She left Lyttelton on February 13 of that year, loaded with wool, and ran to the English Channel in 75 days. At the end of this voyage, her last under the British flag, she was sold by the Shaw Savill Company to S. 0. Stray, of Norway, for the low sum of 3150. It was on December 3, 1906 that this craft of many adventures met her doom. She was being towed from Gulfport, U.S.A., to Rosario, Argentine, and had to be abandoned on her beam ends, and afterwards foundered. (photo of Capt. Cowan page 50)

Following is the list of the Wellington's 21 passages to New Zealand:
TO AUCKLAND
Sailed Arrived. Captain. Days.
Oct.  2	'81 	Jan.  2 '82 Cowan  90

TO WELLINGTON
June 26	'97 	Oct.  6 '97 Canese 102
Nov.  9 '01	Feb. 17 '02 Thomas 100

TO NELSON
Oct.  9 '97	Jan. 14 '03 Thomas 97

TO LYTTELTON
Sep.  4 '86 	Oct. 11 '86 Cowan  99
Sep. 12	'87 	Dec. 12 '87 Cowan  91
Sep. 10 '88 	Dec. 19 '88 Cowan 100
Oct. 11 '90 	Jan. 16 '91 Cowan  82 Land to land 74
Dec. 19 '91 	Apr.  2 '92 Cowan 103

TO PORT CHALMERS
Dec   4 '74 	Feb. 25 '75 Cowan  82 Land to land 70
Dec. 18 '75 	Mar. 17 '76 Cowan  88
Dec. 17 '76 	Apr.  1 '77 Cowan 105
Nov. 23 '77 	Feb.  6 '78 Cowan  74 Land to land 70
Nov. 29 '78 	Feb. 17 '79 Cowan  79
Nov. 12 '79 	Jan. 29 '80 Cowan  77
Nov.  7 '80* 	Jan. 24 '81 Cowan  79
Dec.  9 '82 	Mar. 12 '83 Cowan  92
Nov. 29 '83 	Feb. 17 '84 Cowan  80
Nov. 22 '84 	Feb.  5 '85 Cowan  78
Dec. 12 '92 	Mar. 25 '93 Cowan 102
Sep. 21 '00 	Jan.  5 '00 Thomas 90
* Falmouth to Snares, 75