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'Soukar'

New Zealand Bound

Reference online:  'Papers Past' - a NZ National Library website. 
7 May 1879 Star, Christchurch

PASSENGER LIST
Per Messrs Shaw, Savill and Co.'s Soukar, Captain Croker from London, March 1.

Saloon: 
Burt 		Alfred
Fox 		Miss C.
Greenway	Mrs
Harby 		Edward
Harker 		W.J.
James 		Spencer A.
Keswick 	A.J.
McAndrew 	J.F.
Spencer 	Harrison
Trevithick 	Mrs A.
Trevithick 	Blanche
Trevithick 	Florence
Trevithick 	Geofrey
Trevithick 	J.G.
Trevithick 	Winnie

Second Cabin:
Cairn 		E.J.
Cornish 	Geo.
Kennedy 	A.
Leith 		Miss J.
Leith 		Mr
Marshall 	Charles E.
Robertson 	John
Strathearn 	John
Wadley 		H.

Steerage:
Barnett 	Fenwick
Clolus 		Jane
Clolus 		John
Clolus 		John
Clolus 		Mary
Clolus 		Peter
Egan 		Patrick
Flowers 	N.
Gale 		William
Giere 		John E.
Horsman 	Chas.
James 		Florence
James 		William
McCullagh 	Mr A.
McDermott 	Bridget
McDermott 	John
Mitchell 	James W.
Phillips 	Frederick
Phillips 	John
Phillips 	Mrs
Shafts 		Thomas A.
Smith 		Wm.
Taylor 		Arthur

Why the Irish left from Clyde or Liverpool?
Some of the Irish immigrants that arrived in Scotland only stayed long enough to earn money to transport themselves to the Colonies or America, others left when family members sent money over for them to leave as so they could join their families again. Due to competition, trans-Atlantic travel was much less expensive from Scottish or English ports than from Irish ports. Certainly the case from Liverpool. Plus there was a better selection of ships and had cheaper fares, the same reason why so many also left from Liverpool in England. People emigrated on ships from the Clyde because Glasgow was then a centre of world shipping unlike the Irish ports which were pretty small. Also most immigrant ships from Ireland were dedicated immigrant ships with many of them of dubious seaworthiness, mostly they would be heading for the USA or Canada.  In addition there was often more work available for a person to earn the money for passage in these areas. Liverpool was serviced by many ferry boats, departing from Ireland, landing in England, not a very long voyage. The century was constantly changing, including modes of transportation, and reasons for departing; Liverpool and Lyttelton were destinations, not of choice, but by demand. Ships of the sail era wanted to pick up passengers, crew and foodstuffs from one, convenient location, Liverpool or London. The cost of passage depended on the type of ship, sail or steam, dependent then on the year of departure, as technology advanced, from reciprocating steam engines, later to turbine types, - the cost in 1900, via steam third class or steerage was vastly less than 1850 sail. The Irish who departed up to about 1840-1890 were mostly financed by relatives already in America or the Colonies.