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'Schiehallion'

New Zealand Bound
1869-1879

This smart little iron barque of 600 tons, was built in 1869 for Shaw, Savill Company made eight trips to New Zealand all under the command of John Levack. She was lost in the English Channel 13 January, 1879 on a run from Auckland.

Sailed Arrived Port Days Passengers
Feb. 26 1870 Jun     4 1870 Auckland  98 21
Apr. 13 1872 Jul.     9 1892 Wellington  87 124 of Brogden's immigrants
Apr. 21 1873 Jul.   14 1873 Wellington  84  
Feb. 18 1874 May 26 1874 Napier  97 passenger list of site
Aug. 28 1875 Dec. 16 1875 Dunedin 110 8
Sep. 13 1876 Dec. 27 1876 Lyttelton 105  
Jul.     3 1877 Oct.  9 1877 Wellington  98 8
Mar. 16 1878 Jun. 15 1878 Auckland 100  

Reference: Papers Past

Daily Southern Cross, 3 June 1870, Page 2
Departures. — Schiehallion, ship, 602 tons, Captain Levack, from Gravesend ; anchored in the Downs, on February 26. Passengers : Saloon—William H. Lyons, Herbert Grant, S. Du Vernet; and 16 second and third class passengers.

Daily Southern Cross, 6 July 1870, Page 7
Port of Auckland Arrival
ARRIVAL OF THE SCHIEHALLION
June 11 - Schiehallion, barque, 580 tons, T. Levack, from London. Passengers — Hugh H. Webb; Mary, Florence, and Helena Wells; R. Magril, Henrietta P. Townley, J. White, W. J. Brunskill, George M. Brunskill, John Horne, Catherine Croke, Edward Brownlan; John, Caroline, Elizabeth, and Kate Seaborn; John La Roche, William McLean, John Borthwick, William H. Lyons, S. Devernett. Cruickshank, Smart, and Co., agents.

ARRIVAL OF THE SCHIEHALLION.
This fine new iron barque, now on her first voyage, and under the command of Captain J. Levack, arrived in harbour on Saturday, June 11, from London, after a fail weather passage, bringing a fall general cargo and several passengers. The Schiehallion has arrived in excellent order, and the passengers speak very favourably of Captain Levack and his officers, who have been unremitting in their attentions to the comfort of all on board. The following report of the passage has been kindly supplied, to us by Captain Levack : — Left London on February 25th, and the Downs on the 27th. Took our final departure from Scilly on March 2nd. The N.E. trades proved very light, extending to the equator, which was crossed on March 26th in longitude 21 W. The Schiehallion was then becalmed for a week. The S.E. trades proved very indifferent. Passed the meridian of the Cape of Good Hope on April 28th in 40 S. ; thence variable winds, the vessel going as far down as 50 S. Passed Tasmania on May 30th ; thence to Cape Maria Van Diemen, experienced a successi6n of variable winds, accompanied with two heavy N.E. gales. Made Cape Maria Van Diemen on June 9 ; down the Coast, moderate winds.

Daily Southern Cross, 14 July 1870, Page 4
Magill v. Levack. — Claim £25, for goods detained. — Mr. Beveridge for defendant. Plaintiff had no counsel. — Robert Magill deposed to being a passenger on board the barque Schiehallion, from London to here. On the way out he run up a bill for beer, &c. £11 5s. On arrival he gave Captain Levack a letter of credit for £12 7s., and was returned a balance of £1 2s. On the 13th June defendant presented the letter of credit for payment at the bank, which was dishonoured. The duplicate of the letter had been paid on the 7th May by Messrs. Cruickshank, Smart, and Co. Defendant then kept his clothes, &c, as security for the debt contracted on the voyage. They were worth £25. He asked the captain for the luggage, but was refused.— By Mr. Beveridge : On the 18th June he saw Captain Levack, who said he had received his summons, and he ; (witness) could now take his luggage away, and that Messrs. Cruickskank, Smart, and Co. must be the losers for the amount. His luggage was in the house on deck, the key was given to the cook, and the captain said he was not to remove his luggage until his bill was paid. He had no reason to believe the captain had been paid before the summons was issued. — James T. Black, second officer of the 'Schiehallion,' gave some immaterial evidence, when an agreement was made between the parties to withdraw the case, and a nonsuit, without costs, was recorded. The Court was then adjourned until 10 o'clock the following day.

Daily Southern Cross, 18 June 1870, Page 6
Breach of Merchant Shipping Act. — John B. Carey, charged by Captain Levack with wilfully damaging ship's stores, value 10s, on board the barque Schiehallion,' pleaded not guilty. — Mr. Ritchie appeared for prosecution, and Mr. Bennett for the defence. — Four witnesses were examined in proof of the offence, which consisted in throwing a wooden roller and pudding-tin overboard. — The prosecuting counsel stated that the case was brought on account of prisoner's general bearing, and not for the value of the articles destroyed. — The Bench, remarked that when vessels came into port seamen appeared to think they could take the law into their own hands. It was necessary that a stop should be put to such conduct, and prisoner would be sentenced to seven days' imprisonment, The Court then rose.

Daily Southern Cross, 21 July 1870, Page 2
The barque Schiehallion hauled into the stream yesterday. She will sail for Newcastle to-day.

Daily Southern Cross, 7 October 1870, Page 2
The barque Schiehallion left Newcastle on the 17th ult. for Hong Kong, with 800 tons coals.


New York Times, January 3, 1872
Arrived New York, January 2 1872
Bark Schiehallion (of London), Sevack [sic], Foo-Chow Aug. 19, with teas to order.

North Otago Times, 7 June 1872, Page 2 London April 19
The Schiehallion sailed on the 13th April for Wellington, with about 114 navvies aboard for Brogden.

Evening Post, 9 July 1872, Page 2
Port of Wellington. Arrived
July 9 - The barque Schiehallion, Captain John Levack. Left London on the l3th April, and crossed the equator on the 7th May. Had very favorable winds to the meridian of the Cape, which was crossed on the 24th May, after which bad indifferent winds until Cape Farewell was sighted on the 7th July, and arrived here to-day. No deaths have occurred on the passage, but one birth and the passengers are all well. The Schiehallion is consigned to Messers Levin and Co.
The following vessels were spoken: -
On the 1st May, barque Sidlaw, for Peru, lat 14º N, long 25º W;
6th May ship England, for Bombay, lat 2º N, long 25º W;
7th May, barque Yanwath, bound north, lat 1º S, long 25º W;
9th May, ship Riversdale, from London to Melbourne, lat 7º S, long 27º W;
26th May, ship Helen Stuart, from London to Calcutta, lat 36 S, long 23 E.

West Coast Times
, 10 July 1872, Page 2
Wellington, July 9. The Schiehallion, with 124 of Brogden's immigrants, arrived from London to-day. The men are all in good health. The 'Excelsior,' ship, and 'Schiehallion,' barque, have arrived from London, both bringing railway plant, and the latter 124 of Mr. Brogden's immigrants.

Daily Southern Cross, 11 July 1872, Page 2
WELLINGTON. Wednesday. Mr. Brogden is negotiating with the Provincial Government for a block of land on which to settle the labourers till the completion of the work. The navvies by the Schiehallion will proceed to Picton by the 'Rangatira,' expected here from Napier.


From "The Farthest Promised Land" - by Rollo Arnold.
From Chapter 10: Cornwall & Devon [continued]
Among Brogden's first party of navvies, on the 'Schiehallion', was 22-year-old Samuel PRISK, his wife and two children. In December 1873, S R PRISK of Heathcote Valley, near Christchurch, nominated a number of other PRISKS, giving the address for all but one of them as Four Lanes, Illogan, near Redruth. They came out as a family migration on the 'Eastern Monarch', sailing in May 1874. The party consisted of 48-year-old farm labourer Joseph PRISK, apparently a widower, and his daughter Eliza, 17; James PRISK, 28-year-old farm labourer, with his wife and four children; John PRISK, 24-year-old miner, with his wife and infant son, and Paul PRISK, a 21-year-old miner. The nomination, however, had given Paul as a farmer, at Porkellis, about three miles south of Four Lanes. This family, in fact, well illustrates the common interweaving of farming and mining in Cornish experience, and the scattered settlement of Four Lanes, on the moors, about equidistant from Redruth and Camborne, is typical of the farmlets won from the waste by the miners.

Record Title : Research notebooks for The Farthest Promised Land
Display Dates : [1970-1997]
Reference Number : 99-257-12
Collection Record : Arnold, Rollo Davis, 1926-1998 : Papers (99-257)
Quantity : 1 box
Physical Description : Mss and printed matter
Scope and Contents : Includes alphabetically arranged biographical notes on immigrants arranged by county of origin with attached bibliographies. Also `Brogden's navvies', a paper read to Landfall in Southern Seas, 8th Australasian Congress on Genealogy and Heraldry, Lincoln University, 8 Feb 1997. Included with the paper is a finding aid which lists the fifteen ships which carried Brogden immigrants and an alphabetical list of approximately 1156 navvies and their families.
Names : John Brogden & Sons
Lutterworth (Ship)
Durham (Ship)
Forfarshire (Ship)
Charlotte Gladstone (Ship)
Crusader (Ship. 1865-1898)
Zealandia (Ship. 1869-1903)
Jessie Readman (Ship. 1869-1893)
Chile (Ship)
Christian McAusland (Ship)
Lady Jocelyn (Ship)
Bebington (Ship)
Ballarat (Ship)
City of Auckland (Ship)
Halcione (Ship)
Schiehallion (Ship. Built 1869)
Institution : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand


Otago Witness, 20 July 1872, Page 13
Telegrams. Wellington, July 12th.
The navvies imported by Mr Brogden, per Schiehallion, while awaiting transit to Picton to-day, demanded more wages than the 5s per day agreed on. After an interview with the depilation appointed by the men, Mr Brogden agreed to give to good men 6s per day of nine hours, and to allow piece-work.

Otago Witness, 20 July 1872, Page 14
With respect to the navvies recently imported by Mr Brogden from England, the Wellington Independent of the 13th inst. says: — "A number of the navvies who arrived by the Schiehallion found their way ashore yesterday, and it appeared from their remarks that they had been crammed with all sorts of accounts of the present state and prospects of the Colony. One broad-shouldered fellow was heard to remark, 'We was told that the people here wur starving, but the country is all right !' Another proclaimed from the door of a public - house, with a thickened accent, 'If Muster Brogden doesn't give us nine shilling a day, he can send us back again as soon as he likes, and we'll pay un back his £15 on the nail.' A third was heard to say that Mr Brogden had treated them like a gentleman. The general tenor of their conversation, however, seemed to indicate they had by some means or other become impressed with the idea that any number of men could find employment in any part of New Zealand at ten shillings a day, a notion which: a very short term of ' colonial experience ' will dissipate. Possibly, if Mr Brogden could be repaid the money he has advanced for these men in passages and outfits, and then released them from their engagements, and told them to shift for themselves, neither they nor their would-be friends would find it an easy matter to procure steady work even at a much less rate than 10s a day. Capt. Levack does not appear to have made himself very popular with his passengers on the voyage, as he was received with groans by a mob of navvies as he walked up Hatfield's wharf yesterday afternoon, and the boohooing was kept up while he remained in view. As far as bone and muscle go, the men are well off, and reflect credit on Mr Brogden's discrimination in selecting men suitable for the work cut out for them. Very few of them indeed seem to be of the farm-labouring class, and very many of them might be said, to use a slang term, to be ' able to find their way about.' In the course of the afternoon the navvies found fraternisers on shore, and the quantity of beer and other drinkables consumed produced the usual effect, so that by night a number of the new arrivals were in a rather boisterous mood. The publicans, however, did not seem to relish their custom very much, as they seemed inclined to indulge in the diversion of fighting, and several of the public-houses shut up at an unusually early hour."

Tuapeka Times, 14 November 1872, Page 5
Brogden's Marlborough Navvies.
Of course you have heard all about Brogden and his navvies, and their disagreement with their bread and butter ; how Mrs Grundy has taken the matter up, and held public meetings ; the introduction of the truck system here, and many things beside both true and false. The facts are as follow : — Some 120 men were landed here from Wellington by steamer to work for the Messrs Brogden in the construction of the Picton and Blenheim Railway, to be paid at the rate of 6s per day of nine hours' work. The rate of wages and time of labor were fixed in Wellington by mutual agreement after the arrival of the immigrants by the Schiehallion. The terms of their agreement before leaving England were to work for the Messrs Brogden two years for a not less wage than 5s the day of ten hours ; the rate of wages to be determined from time to time by the Governor or some person he might appoint. One-fifth of their earnings were to be deducted weekly or on pay-days to repay the cost of their passage and the outfits given them. It was further taken into consideration by the firm that these men, landed in a strange place, and in most cases not possessed of a stiver, would want something to eat and drink and places to live and sleep in ; that the storekeepers here would be chary of trusting them, and that the residents would not inconvenience themselves to provide them with lodgings. Under these circumstances, the firm purchased a lot of stores, hired a storeman, and gave the men working for them provisions at current Picton rates on credit, the cost of such stores to be deducted from their wages with their instalment of other indebtedness on paydays ; had houses built for them to dwell in, and hired all the available empty tenements in the town. Those who fortunately had money had no occasion to crave further assistance from their employers than that already afforded them, and could obtain their goods where convenient or desirable. Hence the origin of the truck shop. The strike arose something in this manner. The arrivals appear to have entertained an inflated idea of the value of their services, and wanted in consequence to be paid, wet or dry — work or play — and, considering that they were also underpaid, determined to do as little work as possible for the money stipulated to be paid them. Old colonists looked on amused, and wondered how long it could last, and some scrupled not to declare that the work paid six shillings for was not worth half the money. New management was then introduced ; the men informed they would be paid when they worked, and only then, when they struck en masse. Contract work was then offered them at prices which they laughed at, but which have since been taken by sub contractors, who appear to thrive at the prices given. In a small town like this, a hundred men thrown suddenly out of work and without means, threatened to be a burden on the inhabitants, who called a public meeting to consider what should be done ; but not content with stopping here entered into the relationship subsisting between the employers and the employed. Although the avoidance of such a course of action under the peculiar circumstance would have been difficult, it has most probably had no beneficial effect. The Picton people, however, gave food to those men who wanted it. It would have been better, and perhaps more effectual, had they done this alone — their expressing an opinion that the men were ill-treated, has doubtless confirmed the conviction in the men's minds that they actually were. But the above narration of indisputable facts entirely rebuts such a presumption. Some of the men have gone away, others have taken contract work, many talk of leaving the district, some have gone to work for other employers, and some refuse to work for subcontractors, as by so doing they will have to gradually lessen their indebtednefs to their exporters. Sub-contractors employing these turn have to deduct from their earnings one-fifth for this purpose. Now to many of these men's wives in England half pay, or so much per week, is paid weekly — the men supposed to be at work— while in some cases their wives and families have been brought out to join them, at the expense of the contractors. Your readers will thus observe the case is complex, one difficult; to decide on as to the course to be adopted— infact a problem I shall not attempt to solve. A newspaper correspondent has no right to have, or at least express any opinion: only narrates what he sees and hears. There is a dearth of plant here, the railway has not yet fairly started, and a11 the men employed at the present time do not exceed 150 in number.

Tuapeka Times, 12 September 1872, Page 5
Newcastle, 29th August. Arrived, 29th.— P.C. E., from Dunedin; Schiehallion, from Wellington.

Evening Post, 18 June 1873, Page 2
The Halcione was expected to sail for Wellington on the 18th April with, a full complement of emigrants numbering 256 statute adults, in all; and as she had no accommodation for eight single men who applied for passages they would be sent by the Schiehallion, which was to leave for this port some time during May. 

Evening Post, 14 July 1873, Page 2 Arrived:
July 14— Schiehallion, barque, 602 tons, from London
July 14 — Halcione, ship, 542 tons, Bishop, for London

Otago Witness, 27 September 1873, Page 14
LYTTELTON, September 22nd.
The Schiehallion has cleared for London, with a cargo consisting of 1709 package preserved meats and hams, 481 bales flax, 703 bales wool and skins, 394 bales hides, and 11,751 ounces gold. The Schiehallion drove from her anchorage yesterday to within her own length of the S.E. end of the Shag Reef. She was towed by the s.s. Maori from her perilous position.

Evening Post, 24 September 1873, Page 2
The Schiehallion sailed at 2 this morning. The Maori claims salvage on the ship and cargo to the amount of £11,992 14s 5d.

West Coast Times, 12 August 1875, Page 2
Our readers will recollect the making of a claim for salvage against the Schiehallion and her cargo by the steamers Maori and Gazelle for some £12,000 for her towage from proximity to the reef in Lyttelton Harbor on 21st September, 1873, when she was loaded for London. An agreement has been made for £200, but the steamers endeavored to obtain the larger amount. The barque sailed for London before the interests of the shippers of her cargo could be jeopardised by her arrest in Lyttelton. The claim of the Maori was referred to the English law courts, where evidence was taken, and a commission appointed in New Zealand for a similar purpose. Advices have been received by this mail that the Vice-Admiralty Court have awarded the owners of the Maori £200 only, being the amount contracted for, and tendered her by the barque. — Canterbury Press


Passenger List for the "Schiehallion" (ship) - 10 February - 26 May [Copy available in the reading room, Archives NZ, Wellington]

Evening Post, 27 May 1874, Page 2
NAPIER. 26th May. Arrived — Schiehallion, barque, from London, with immigrants, 90 days out ; all well. A passage of 96 days. Smith

Evening Post, 29 May 1874, Page 2
Napier, 28th May. Four of the crew of the Schiehallion are in custody for mutinous conduct in port. They locked the captain and mate in their cabins, and helped themselves to grog liberally. On the voyage out some of the immigrants broached cargo. It has not yet been decided how these are to be dealt with, the result of investigations not yet having been made public.
Evening Post, 29 October 1874, Page 2
Dr. Whitlow, late of the immigrant ship Schiehallion, has been elected surgeon of the Naseby hospital.

Taranaki Herald, 31 October 1874, Page 2
Dr Whalton, late of the immigrant ship 'Schiehallion,' elected surgeon of the Naseby Hospital.

Otago Witness, 31 October 1874, Page 14
Our Naseby correspondent telegraphed on Wednesday as follows : At the meeting of the Hospital Committee last night, Thomas Bain Whitton, Esq., M.D., Queen's University, Ireland, and Licentiate of Surgery, College of Surgeons, Edinburgh, was elected unanimously to the post of Surgeon to the Hospital. He was Surgeon-Superintendent of the Immigrant ship
Schiehallion, to Napier about three months ago.


Diary

Reference Number : Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington. MS-Papers-6610
Comprises enlarged photocopy of original diary 5¼ x 3¼ inches kept by William Semple who sailed from Napier for England on 23 April 1876 on the `Schiehallion'; he recorded latitude and longitude and sun and weather and include names of officers and crew and of passengers, some drawings, how many knots they went, list of rations and other notes.

William Semple was born Castlebar, Co Mayo, Ireland; was in the Hawke's Bay police; left NZ on the `Schiehallion' from Napier in 1876, and emigrated to the US in 1878; associated with the New Zealand Produce Agency Company Ltd, London, in 1885. Died 1906.


Otago Witness, 6 November 1875, Page 11
The following- passengers are on their way here :—
Per Otago, from London — Mr and Mrs Morice, Rev Mr Morice, Messrs Bower. M'Nicol, Begbie.
Per Calypso, from London— Mrs, Misses (2), and Mr _umine, Messrs Morris, Johnson, Spencer, Fergusson; 2nd cabin, Mr and Mrs Kirby, Messrs Powys, Sweetapple, Waldron, Kirby ; and 16 steerage
Per Mataura, from London — Mr and Mrs Binnie, Dr Kennedy, Mr Binnie, and 215 immigrants.
Per Carmarthenshire, from London— Mrs Crawford and 4 children, Mr and Mrs Watson and child, Messrs Webster, Clarke, Heppel, Buston, Boyd, White, Biddle, Miss Laurence, and 11 steerage.
Per Peter Denny, for the Bluff, from London— Messrs M'Kerrow (2), Wilson, and 286 immigrants.
Per Schiehallion, from London-Rev. Mr Finlayson, Messrs M'Gann, Harvey, M'Dougall, and 4 steerage.
Per May Queen, from London— Mr and Mrs Stevens, Messrs Wyles (2), Pessey, Randall, Brodrick, Wyburd, and 23 steerage.

Otago Witness, 18 December 1875, Page 11
Her time is 108 days from port to port, and ,103 days from land to land,
Tuapeka Times, 22 December 1875, Page 6
ARRIVAL OF THE BARQUE SCHIEHALLION FROM GLASGOW.
The barque Schiehallion was towed up to her anchorage yesterday afternoon by the s.s. Lady of the Lake. She left Glasgow on the 28th of August, and cleared the land on the 30th with a strong S.S.W. wind, which continued until the 7th of September. Had light variable winds and calms until the 23rd, in lat. 23 N., when she got the N.E. trades, and were lost on the 27th in lat. 14.53; thence light baffling winds were experienced until the 10th of October, when she got the S.E. trades, and crossed the equator the same day in long. 24 W. The S.E. trades were moderate, and lost on the 18th in lat. 19 8., 27 W., thence light N. and variable winds until the 16th, when she experienced a heavy gale from the N.W. Canvas was reduced to lower topsails and foresail. At 2 p.m. the lower topsails were blown away. Crossed the meridian of Greenwich on the 30 in lat. 40.42 S., and that of the Cape on the 5th of November in lat. 43, and ran down her easting between, the parallels of 54 to 55. On the 9th sighted Prince Edward Island and Kerguelen on the l5th, sighting number of icebergs. Passed the meridian of the Leuvrin on the 27th, and that of Tasmania on the 4th inst. Westerly winds continued until the 12th, when she passed the south end of Stewart's Islands. Thence to arrival had light winds and calms. Besides a large cargo, she brings four saloon and five steerage passengers.—' Star,' Dec. 15.

Evening Post, 13 January 1876, Page 2
The Timaru Herald is very severe, and not unjustly so, on the condition in which telegrams often are received from the office. The following is given as a specimen of an unusually well written one : — "The following iteries brought (blotch) the Laiaioa from Hobaiton cable news london 29th nov the Bundoir mails have been delivered — a colleson have occuued between the somerset borned fir sydnz and the Oatty saik the litter vissel was crmpled to atum dock." The Herald further says :—" We noticed the other day a peculiar telegraphic mistake in the Otago Guardian, a very carefully printed paper as a rule. It was there stated that " Scufflicnia has declared war against Turkey." In our transcript of that message the bellegerent state was called Herzegovina, which is no doubt correct ; but, taken merely as a name, we own we like Scufflincia best. In a recent issue we made a Chinese copy of the name of a ship, though we doubted at the time whether the Sasallarou was on any British or Foreign register. The vessel turns out to be the Schiehallion. Asking for an egg and getting a scorpion is annoying enough ; but it is not so bad. as paying for Schiehallion and receving Sasallarou."

Otago Witness, 22 January 1876, Page 11
Schiehallion, ship, 695 tons, Levack, for Wellington. Russell, Ritchie, and Co., agents.

Otago Witness, 29 April 1876, Page 15
Napier, April 24th. Sailed. — Schiehallion, for London, with a cargo of wool, leather, and tallow, valued at £50,000.

West Coast Times, 24 October 1876, Page 2
The Schiehallion, from Napier, arrived at Gravesend on August 5th.

West Coast Times, 7 November 1876, Page 2
The Schiehallion, from Hawke's Bay, arrived at London August 5th. She loads again for Canterbury and Napier.


Star, 27 December 1876, Page 2
Lyttelton. Arrived - Dec. 27 - Schiehallion, barque, 602 tons, Levack, from London. This vessel was signalled this morning, and anchored in the harbour about half-past 10. She passed deal on Sept. 18, and proceeds on to Nelson from here, after discharging her Lyttelton cargo.


Hawkes Bay Herald 5 March 1877
4 March - Schiehallion for London. Messrs McNicol and Prebble.

Wanganui Herald, 10 October 1877, Page 2
Wellington, Oct. 10. Arrived — Barque Schiehallion, from London, after a passage of 98 days. She brings 1,000 tons general cargo, including 100 tons gunpowder.

Evening Post 10th October 1877
Port of Wellington arrivals
October 9 - Schiehallion, barque, 602 tons, Levack, from London. Passengers:-
Second cabin -
Berners 	F
Berners 	Mary 
Day 		W H
Newbatt 	G
Sylvester 	L

Steerage -
Bayley 		C E
Cooper 		T H
Philp 		H H

ARRIVAL OF THE BARQUE SCHIEHALLION, FROM LONDON. The barque Schiehallion, Captain Levack, from London, was signalled at 5 pm. yesterday, and was very shortly afterwards boarded by Pilot Holmes, who brought her to an anchor at the powder ground by 10 pm., having had to beat in. She took her departure from Gravesend on the 3rd July, and the Downs on the 4th. The run down the Channel was marked by light westerly winds. Fine weather, with light airs, prevailed to the Equator, which was crossed on the 3rd August, with moderate SE. trades. The meridian of the Cape was crossed on the 30th of the same month. Cape Farewell was made on the 8th inst- and she came through the Strait yesterday with a stiff N.W. breeze. The barque brings a miscellaneous cargo of about 1000 tons also 10 tons of powder. Her passengers consist of five second cabin and three steerage, who have all arrived in good health, and whose names appear in the usual place. Messrs. W. & G. Turnbull & Co. are agents for the Schiehallion.

Evening Post, 15 October 1877, Page 2
In the Resident Magistrate's Court this afternoon, two seamen named Charles Crusio and Wm. M'Anlifie were brought up for disobedience of orders on board the barque Schiehallion. Evidence was taken, but the case being very contradictory on both sides, it was dismissed on payment of costs.

Evening Post, 24 October 1877, Page 2
Seven seamen, named respectively James Dall, John O'Connor, Robert White, John Wilson, Charles Crewse, Harry Tichenor, and Wm. M'Auliffe, were charged with having on the previous day disobeyed orders on board the barque Schielhallion. Captain Levack, the master of the vessel, and the prosecutor in the case, deposed that the defendants refused to go to work when ordered, and after being cautioned as regarded the consequences they still declined until he was obliged to order their arrest ; the vessel was taking in wool at the time, and it was urgently necessary that the whole of the hands should be kept at work, and therefore the present proceedings were adopted....... Mr. Wardell stated that he considered the case of disobedience of orders proved, and ordered each of the defendants to seven days' imprisonment, with two days' pay to be deducted from their wages.

Evening Post, 29 October 1877, Page 2
A DISOBEDIENT SEAMAN. Charles Quelch, one of the crew of the barque Schiehallion, was charged with having, on Saturday last, wilfully disobeyed the lawful orders of Captain Levack, the master of that vessel. Mr. Gordon Allan appeared for the defence, and took a preliminary objection that the logbook produced by the captain did not disclose the offence with which the accused was charged. The Bench, however, over-ruled the objection. The captain deposed that the accused had been shamming sickness, and had done no work on board since the 17th inst. ; on the 26th inst. witness called Dr. Diver, who, after examining the accused, gave a certificate that he was perfectly able to go to work ; the accused had a festering finger, and all that he was asked to do was to act as night watchman, but this he refused to do. Cross-examined — When at sea off the Cape of Good Hope the accused refused to go aloft when ordered to do so, and he was consequently locked up for a week; he was at first put in a place that might have been used as a watercloset, but a room was cleared out for him the next day. The mate of the vessel gave corroborative testimony, after which the arresting constable stated that the accused, when arrested, said he would not do any work until he had seen a magistrate. The accused stated in his defence that he had applied for leave to see a magistrate, but the captain denied him permission; also, that when he was imprisoned at sea, he had been asked to go aloft when it was not his watch ; further, that he had been kept seventeen hours in the water closet, without food and without a blanket to cover him. Mr. Inspector Atchison made some remarks to the captain of the vessel, from which it appeared he had acted with cruelty some time ago when in port, by putting an unfortunate seaman ashore late at night without a penny in his pocket, and when actually dying of consumption. The man had afterwards, it seemed, to be taken to the hospital, where he shortly afterwards died. The captain replied that there were always two sides to a story. The Bench, after a brief consultation stated they considered the charge of disobedience of orders proved, and sentenced the accused to 14 days' imprisonment with hard labor.

Evening Post, 2 November 1877
RESIDENT MAGISTRATE'S COURT.
This Day. (Before H. S. Wendell, Esq., R.M.) ASSAULT. John O'Connor, a strong ablebodied young man, a sailor, was charged with having, on the previous day, assaulted James Lyell, chief mate of the barque Schiehallion, now lying at the wharf. Mr. Ollivier appeared to prosecute. The following evidence was taken :—: — James Lyell, chief officer of the Schiehallion, deposed that the accused was one of the crew of the vessel, but had been recently discharged : on the previous afternoon the prisoner and another of the crew, named M'Auliffe, who had likewise been discharged, came on board the vessel, and without saying a word, and as witness was standing on the poop deck, with Mr. Newbatt, a passenger, M'Auliffe struck him a violent blow on the left eye, the prisoner following up the assault by giving him repeated blows about the head ; witness; who was very much " marked " about the face, deposed that he had no time to defend himself, being set upon quite unawares ; For the defence the prisoner called the passenger, George Newbatt, whose evidence, however, fully supported that given for the prosecution. This witness stated that, the prisoner and his associate both attacked the mate without the slightest provocation, and by their repeated blows on the face fairly stunned him, so that he was quite unable to defend himself; seeing how matters stood, witness interfered to stop the fight, when he was in turn set upon ; he, however, threw M'Auliffe on his back on the deck, and upon that, the prisoner caught witness by the collar and endeavored to strike him, but witness threw him off; both men appeared determined to have a fight, and they also remarked after, as they said, "settling" the mate, that they would go and "do" for the "old man," meaning the captain. The prisoner was sentenced to two months imprisonment with hard labor.


1879 Wrecked in the English Channel.
Two lives lost. The other members of the crew and the passengers owed their lives to the cook who swam ashore with a line.

Evening Post, 21 September 1878, Page 2
A man named Thomas Massey was charged at the police court this morning with unlawfully taking a watch and other property, belonging to Thomas Chapman, of Onehunga. In addition to these articles, it appeared Massey deprived Chapman of his wife, and was about taking her to England by the ship Schiehallion. Massey and the wife of Chapman had paid their passage money as "Mr. and Mrs. Smith;" but shortly after their departure from Onehunga, Chapman missed his faithless partner and his bedding, watch and chain, silver spoons, and opera glass. His suspicions were easily aroused, being aware that his professed friend Massey was a frequent visitor at the house, and on every occasion Mrs. Chapman pressed " Dear Tom" to stay for supper and a game of whist. He gave information to the police that they were off to England together, as Mrs. Chapman had often threatened to leave him and go home to a wealthy sister of hers. Detective Jeffrey took a boat and went after the ship. He got aboard as the vessel was rounding the North Head, and detected the loving couple in the cabin, congratulating each other on their lucky escape, and projecting plans for the future. The appearance of the detective, and a conscious knowledge of his mission at once dashed all their hopes to the ground, and the woman fainted in the arms of Masey. On Massey being interviewed at the police cells, he stated that he lodged with Chapman's aunt, and thus was introduced to Chapman and his wife. Just at this moment Mrs Chapman came to see " Dear Tom." and rushed at him, clasping him round the neck, and lavishing kisses upon his cheeks. This was put a stop to by a constable, who said, " This sort of thing won't do here." " But," said Massey to Mrs Chapman, " you go home to your sister, dear, and as soon as I get out of my trouble I will follow you. We'll live and love together ;. They then parted. Massey is a decent-looking man, apparently simple in his habits, while Mrs Chapman', who has golden hair and stern grey eyes, looked daggers at the bystanders.

O my Luve's like a red, red rose
that's newly sprung in June;
O my Luve's like the melodie
that's sweetly played in tune!

As fair art thou, my bonnie lass,
So deep in luve thee am I;
And I will luve thee still, my dear,
Till a' the seas gang dry:

Till a' the seas gang dry, my dear,
And the rocks melt wi' the sun;
And I will luve thee still, my dear,
While the sand o'life shall run.

And fare thee weel, my only Luve,
And fare thee weel a while!
And I will come again, my Luve,
Tho' it were ten thousand mile.

Robert Burns

Evening Post, 23 September 1878, Page 2
Auckland September 22nd
Sailed — Schiehallion, for London

Evening Post, 16 January 1879, Page 2
WRECK OF THE SCHIEHALLION
The Underwriter's Association report, under data London 13th :— " The barque Schiehallion, from Auckland to London, has gone ashore on the Isle of Wight, and has become a total wreck. The cargo is washing ashore." The iron barque Schiehallion left Auckland on the 21st September, commanded by Captain Levack, and owned by Shaw, Saville and Co ; has been trading in the several ports of New Zealand for several years. The passengers were Messrs. Thomas Smith, William Taylor, George Chapman, Cordelia Chapman, George Frederick Chapman, Mabel Chapman, Mary Storey, Harley Storey, Harry Storey, Ethel Storey, Clara Storey, and Kate Storey. In addition to the above passengers there was Susan Chapman, who ran away from her husband. The following is the value of her cargo : — Kauri gum, £8815; pearl shells £1450; candlenuts, £70; ivory nuts, £5; cotton, £1768; cocoanut oil, £650; cotton seed, £20; wool, £1923 ; manganese, £400; tallow, £1293; copra, £3200; miscellaneous, £45; total, £19,649. The Schiehallion was of 602 tons register, and was built by Brown, of Dundee, for Mr. Cruickshank, of London, in 1869, and was classed Aal at Lloyds. The cargo was insured in the New Zealand, South British, and other local offices. The following are the insurances on the Schiehallion : — New Zealand, £7700; National, £6350; South British, £1500; Victoria, £300; and Colonial, £265.

Blackgang Chine, Isle of Wright.Evening Post, 10 March 1879, Page 2
The Schiehallion (Lovack), from Auckland (N.Z.) for London, went ashore at Blackgang Chine (Isle of Wight) at 6 a.m. on January 13, and became a total wreck. All the passengers and crew were saved excepting two, named Beatson, the mate, and a boy, who were drowned.

Taranaki Herald, 14 April 1879, Page 2

WRECK OP THE SCHIEHALLION.
HEART-RENDING SCENES
The following are extracts from a letter received by Messrs. Cruickshanks and Co., of Auckland, which describes an exciting scene that took place off the Isle of Wight, when the ship Schiehallion was wrecked —:
The barque Schiehallion was a fine iron ship, classed Al at Lloyd's, of between 600 and 700 tons register, belonging to the Charles Savill Line, Captain Lovesk, commander, and was on her voyage from Auckland to London, laden with a valuable cargo of kauri gum, cotton, cotton seeds, Sec. She had on board twenty-nine souls, all told, of whom thirteen were passengers— Mrs. Storey and five children, Mr. and Mrs. Chapman and two children. Mrs. Smith, and Mr. Taylor. She was 113 days out, and on Saturday night made Ushant light. She then went on the starboard tack, and, running before a ten-knot breeze, came ashore in thick weather, with all sails set, at the foot of Blackgang Chine shortly before 6 a.m. on the 13th January last.

There was a heavy ground sea running at the time, which lifted and bumped her on the shingle, but being a strong vessel, she did not begin to go to pieces for an hour or more. After trying, by shouts and other means, to attract attention, David Moore, the cook, a courageous man and bold swimmer, jumped overboard with the lead line and made for the shore. He nearly lost his life, but he struggled hard, and at last by a supreme effort, and favoured by an advancing wave, he reached the strand, Daniel Butchers, of Southland, who had seen the wreck from the cliff, rushed to the shore about the same time, 7.30 a.m., and was greeted with a tremendous cheer from the vessel. He sent George Butchers to warn the Coastguard for the rocket apparatus, and then shouted to those on deck to bind their cud of the lead-line to a hawser, which they did, and he hauled it ashore, and made it fast to a rock. He then went as far as he could into the surf, and clutched, when they came within reach, those who dared make their way, hand-overhand, along it through the breakers ; and many did dare for dear life. Harley Storey. Mrs. Storey's eldest child, a brave little fellow of scarcely twelve years, passed from the ship to the beach in this manner without the slightest assistance from those on shore, whose whole attention was concentrated upon a sailor they were rescuing, and who Harley Storey had to reach over and pass on the rope. Mrs. Smith came along the rope in the same way, but was nearly drowned. The steward's was a wonderful escape ; he left his hold of the hawser, was washed under the stern of the ship, and was cast ashore by a big wave. Mr. Beetson, the second officer, was stunned against the side of the ship as he made for land, and was carried out to sea.

The news of the wreck soon spread over that portion of the island, and a number of people, including the coastguard with their rocket gear quickly arrived, when the children were got off the vessel, lashed to one another, or to the backs of sailors. Before this the wreck had began to break up, and the mainmast had gone overboard, as the other masts subsequently did, to seaward. Had they fallen towards the land many of those clinging to the port bulwarks would have been killed. The Schiehallion lay broadside on to the shore, and was canted seaward, her starboard bulwarks, most of which had gone, being low to the water, the port bulwarks, to which those on board clung, being high out of the water. To the after-rail on the port — that is to say on the land side — were clinging, near together, the last three remaining to be saved. The one farthest forward was a woman, Mrs. Storey, who had refused to leave the ship before her children were safe. She was clad only in a linen night-dress, and as the sea broke over her — her companions, old men, being too exhausted and benumbed even to fasten the life-line round her waist — there was a loud report, like that of an explosion, and the poop split and went overboard. This was followed by a series of reports, resembling those of the discharge of pistols, as the iron plates of the hull parted from one another, and then the ship parted in two amidships, and the fore and mizen masts went by the board. At this moment the wreck was lifted bodily up and heeled further to starboard, as if it were about to turn over, and was sucked down apparently into the sea. For a few seconds it seemed as if all was over with the engulfed persons, but a great sea running to the shore lifted the vessel back, and to the great relief of all, three figures were seen to be still holding fast to the rail. Many of the spectators would have willingly risked their own lives to save the brave mother of those little ones, but no help could reach her from the shore, until she was made fast to the life line. Terrible though it was, the scene was grand and impressive in the extreme. In the background the dark rugged cliffs towered upwards into the midst. On the shingle were kindly groups giving sympathy and administering restoratives to the rescued, and petting the little children. In the foreground, amid the white surf and great angry billows, which seemed as if protesting that they were robbed of their prey, stood the. men at the life-line, whose lusty, almost beseeching shouts, "Make ; fast the woman, make fast the woman," were heard above the roar of the rushing waters and the howling of the storm. Then, as the wreck heeled, and they disappeared beneath the waves, the awful stillness, the blanched cheeks, and the straining eyes ; and, as the black hull was heaved above the sea once more, and three forms were still seen clinging to it, the long drawn sigh of relief, and the suppressed, "Thank God," and the trickling tear, are as impossible to forget as to describe. Mrs. Storey probably owes her life, as her companions do theirs, to her rousing them from their lethargy, as at length she urged them to make her .fast to the rope. She had remained below in the cabin until washed and battered about, and almost drowned by the water which filled it. At length the second mate and the captain rescued her, and dragged her up the sloping, slippery deck until she could grasp the port rail. As soon as she was at last fastened, she threw herself into the sea, and was pulled under the waves as only men wrought to the highest pitch of excitement can pull. But the line became jammed, and although the earnest pullers had clutched her she was still under water. A shout went up, "Cut the line," but for a moment no knife was at hand, and men ate at the rope with their teeth, scarcely knowing what they did. The line having been cut, she was lifted from the breakers and laid on the pebbles, and the men took off their jackets and wrapped them about what appeared to be a lifeless form. After a few minutes the heart could be felt feebly pulsating, and two minutes later the artery at the wrist was throbbing. As soon as reaction had fairly set in, she was carried up the cliff and placed under Mrs. Butcher's tender care at Southlands. The old man was next rescued, and last of all the captain came ashore in the life-buoy cradle — the only one so saved. He, too, was pulseless, and was delirious for some time after reaction had set in. When it was safe to move him, he was taken by Mr. Peugelly, the coastguard officer, to the station, and there, thanks to the devotion and good nursing of Mr. and Mrs. Pengelly, he soon rallied. The steward, whose was the worse case, and who seemed for several hours to be dying, was taken to the hotel. Indeed, the whole population seem only too disappointed that there was not more to be done and greater sacrifices to be made.

On Wednesday, 15th January, the bodies of Mr. Beetson, the second mate, and Willie Butt were found at Rocken End. The story of Willie Butt, aged fourteen, is a very sad one. The only child of a shipowner, himself and old ; sea captain, living near Auckland, he was ark lowed, most unwillingly by his parents, to make a sea voyage to England, they hoping it might sicken him of the sea. He was holding on by the bulwarks next to the Storey boys, who had been his playmates, when, one of the men sent him to fetch some money from a chest. The poor boy was washed overboard on the starboard side, and although he struck out boldly, he soon disappeared.

The Times, Tuesday, Jan 14, 1879
Telegrams received yesterday from Lloyd's agent at St Catherine's Point report the Schiehallion, bark, of London, Captain Livesay [sic], from Auckland for London, has gone ashore at Blackgang and has gone to pieces. The captain injured. All the hands saved. The Schiehallion was an iron vessel, bark-rigged, of 600 tons, owned in London, and classed star double A1. Among her passengers were
Mrs Chapman and two children
Mrs Storey and five children
Mr G. Chapman
Mr William Taylor.

The Times | January 15, 1879 page 10
Lloyd's agent at St. Catherine's Point telegraphed yesterday that there has been saved from the wreck of the up to the present time, 2000 casks gum, 48 casks of tallow, 33 bales of wool, and several bags of cotton seed. There was a good prospect of more washing in.

Otago Witness January 18 1879 pg13
Wreck of the Schiehallion
Telegram from Mr Brindley, the local agent for the Victoria Insurance Co., from the Melbourne office - "Barque Schiehallion, from Auckland to London, lost off the Isle if Wight last night, the 14th. The Victoria company had a risk for £300 on the vessel.

Otago Witness April 1879 pg12
An inquiry into the loss of the Schiehallion. Master had shown a want of care and vigilance in the navigation of his vessel and not using the lead. Certificate suspended for six months. Mate's certificate returned to him.

A Digest of the Judgments in Board of Trade Inquiries Into Shipping Casualties - Page 114
Stranding— Failing to use Lead.
Inquiry held 4th and 5th February, 1879.
Assessors : E. APLIN, R.N. ; W. CURLING.
Inquiry held at Westminster, Feb. 5 1879, before Rothery.
The Schiehallion was a barque of 602 tons register. She left Auckland on the 21st of September, 1878, for London, with a crew of 16 hands, 13 passengers, and a full cargo. On the evening of Saturday, the 11th of January, they sighted the lights of the Isle de Vierge, about 25 miles to the N. and E. of Ushant, at which time she was close-hauled on the port tack, heading for the French coast, and steering about E.S.E. At 7.30 p.m. she was put on the starboard tack, with her head to the northward and westward, on which course she continued till 2.30 a.m. of the 12th, when it fell calm. At 6 a.m., a breeze having sprung up, her head was laid E. by the standard compass. She remained so until 2 p.m., when the course was altered to E. by S., and at 10 p.m. to E.S.E., till about 5.30 a.m. of the 13th, when she ran stem on to the shore about a quarter of a mile to the east of Blackgang Chine. Two lives were lost, and the vessel became a total wreck. According to the statements of the master, John Levack, during the inquiry, there appeared to be no doubt that he must have made an error in his estimation of the deviation of the compass. The vessel was, when she struck the rocks, about 24 miles to the northward of her supposed course. Allowing four miles for the drift of the vessel when she was becalmed, from 2.30 to 6 a.m., of which the master took no account, and supposing him to have made an error of about half a point in the deviation (which would have given him about another 20 miles to the north), the situation of the vessel might be accounted for. Whether or not these were the true causes of the vessel's having got so far out of her proper course, the Court was unable to say positively. In any case, it appeared to them that the casualty was due mainly to the neglect of the master to take a cast of the lead, and to his having failed to determine his position accurately before he attempted to run up the channel. They accordingly suspended his certificate for six months.

Evening Post, 16 October 1880, Page 2
Auckland, this day.
Caird Moore, who gallantly saved the passengers and crew of the Schiehallion on her last voyage to London, was publicly presented with the Royal Humane Society's bronze medal at the Theatre Royal last night.

Wanganui Herald, 18 October 1880, Page 2 Auckland
David Moore, who gallantly saved the passengers and crew of the Schiehallion on her last voyage to London, was publicly presented with the Humane Society's medal and badge at the Theatre Royal last night.


The Schiehallion, barque rigged was built in 1869 by Brown of Dundee, Scotland with a hull of iron construction. 602 tons gross and 571 tons net, 2 decks; 1 bulkhead; cemented in 1869. Raised Quarter Deck 42½ feet long.
Dimensions: 172.3ft long by 28.32ft breadth and 17.8ft draught (52.52m x 8.59m x 5.42m)
Call sign: JLFC. Official registration # 63548. Port of registry and Port of survey: London.
Owned by Mr W. Savill and others.


Schiehallion a "perfect" pyramidal shape (almost conical in its upper parts) is an isolated Perthshire mountain, overlooking Loch Rannoch, 11 miles WNW of Aberfeldy (3,547 feet high). Here in 1774, Maskelyne [Astronomer Royal] fixed the earth's mean density.  He set up his apparatus on either side of Schiehallion, and, from the deviation of the directions taken by plumb-bobs, was able to calculate the perturbation of the earth's gravitational field produced by the mountain, and so deduce gravity. Although its name in Gaelic means "the fairies" it was name has more to do with its geology rather than folklore and superstition. Some do call it the "fairy mountain". Schiehallion, (pron.  She-HAL-yon)  is a mountain formed in the ice age with deposits of quartz crystal, or something similar which glint and sparkle when the sun is just right. 


Daily Southern Cross, 29 December 1875, Page 2
THE CRIMINAL CALENDAR.
On Monday first, at eleven o'clock, the Criminal Sessions at the Supreme Court will being; There are 18 prisoners on the calendar, against whom 24 offences are placed. Three are out on bail, and the usual particulars furnished respecting accused persons are not given in these instances. Respecting the other 15 persons, 12 of them are returned as members of the Church of England, and 3 as belonging to the Roman Catholic Church. The following are the names of the accused, with the nature of the offence with which they stand charged : —
Andrew Thornally, native of England, age 33, forgery and uttering, on bail
Samuel Hayes, came to the colony in the 'Dover Castle' in 1875, native of England, baker by trade, age 54, married, COE, can read and write, stealing from the premises
James B. Austin, 'White Eagle,' 1875, England, clerk, 18 years, single, Church of England, can read and write, stealing from the person
Tu Maoriranga, alias Tu Maorirere, New Zealand, labourer, 20 years, married, Church of England, cannot read or write, perjury
William Kirby, indecent assault, on bail
Margaret Walls, 'Dauntless,' 1865, Ireland, 40 years, married, Roman Catholic, cannot read or write, two charges wilful murder
Annie Muller, ' British Empire,' 1875, England, 26 years, widow, Church of England, can read and write, wilful murder
Matthew Moore, came to the colony in 1852, Victoria, blacksmith, 24 years, married, Church of England, cannot read or write, wilful murder
James Rycroft, New Zealand, shoemaker, 24 years, single, Church of England, can read and write, breaking and entering and stealing there from
Hiria Tamitaini, New Zealand, 30 years, widow, Church of England, cannot read or write, wilful murder
John Brady, 'Egmont', 1856, Ireland, carpenter, 39 years, married, Roman Catholic, can read and write, three charges of forgery and uttering
John Shearer, 'Columbine,' 1834, Scotland, mariner, 62 years, married, Roman Catholic, can read and write, two charges of larceny as a bailee
Alfred Baker, 'Schiehallion,' 1874, England, labourer, 32 years, m., COE, can read and write, wounding with intent to do grievous bodily harm
James Bloomfield, 'Andrew Jackson,' England, gardener, 42 years, married, COE, can read and write, stealing from a dwelling-house
Henry Weston, embezzlement, on bail ;
George Strong, 'Ann,' 1846, England, waterman, 50 years, married, Church of England, can read and write, arson
Margaret Strong, 'Ann,' 1846, Ireland, 48 years, married, Church of England, can read and write, arson 
William Crossley, 'Queen of Nations,' 1874, Ireland, telegraphist, 19 years, single, Church of England, can read and write, three charges of forgery and uttering.