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ARRIVAL OF THE 'ROMAN EMPEROR'

From the "Lyttelton Times", January 28, 1860
[January 25, 1860]

Arrived January 27, ship, Roman Emperor, 793 tons, Dewar, from London, Willis, Gann, & Co..

Passengers:
Chief Cabin -
Mr and Mrs Collins
Mr and Mrs Lockyear
Misses Downe and Buss [Down and Beers]
Messrs. Newton, Butler, Hinds, Phillips, Buss, Cripps, Beaven and Inman [Beers and Saman]

Second Cabin -
Mr and Mrs St George de Rythre [Ryder]
Mr Webb and child
Messrs. Bacon and Kenny [Brown]

Steerage -
Bowell, Charles
Callaghan, Mary [Macy]
Chainey, William and Mary and child [Chaney]
Cowlus, George [Cowens]
Gilbert, John
Bowell, Charles [Howell]
Johnson, Reuben and Barnard
Myers, Peter
Noy, Henry
Phillips, Edwin
Rathjan, Frederick
Smith, Henry
Taylor, George and Mary
Watkins, Stephen

Provincial Government Immigrants
Married Couples
Bailey, Henry, wife and two children
Baker, Walter, wife and four children
Beaumont, wife and two children
Bamford, Matthew, wife and four children
Bill, John, wife and three children
Carten, John, wife and six children [Carter]
Cookson, Henry and wife
Cookson, Joseph and wife
Dann, Charles, wife and child [Deeran]
Fisher, Nathan, Nathan wife and two children [Arthur Fisher]
[Garborough Margaret and child
Groves, George, wife and child
Grantham, Elizabeth, and four children
Harrison, William and wife
Hemmingway, John and wife
[Hill, John wife and three children]
Howroyd, Jesse, wife and child [Hawroyd]
Lister, John and wife
McKibben, Hugh, wife and and child
Machin, Thomas, wife and child
Machin, George, and wife
Mather, Benjamin, wife and child
Middleman, William, wife and two children [Middleweeks]
Newton, Robert, wife and four children
Patterson, William, and wife and child
Self, Caleb and wife
Shand, James and wife
Smith, Arthur, wife and two children [no children]
Sutherland, John, wife and two children
Taylor, John, wife and four children
Urry, Richard, wife and child
Watts, James, wife and three children
Weaver, Arthur, wife and two children

Single Men
Adams, George
Bamford, James
Baxter, James
Bingham, James
Britt, Richard
Brooke, William
Carpenter, George
Chesterfield, William
Chivers, Benjamin
Cookson, Edward, William and George
Couch, William
Donovan, Richard
Duckmanton, Samuel
Ellis, William
Fletcher, George
Gelken, Conrad [Geftein]
Giller, Henry Augustus (schoolmaster)
Hill, Rowland
Hillier, William
Johnstone, Samuel
McLenman, William and Duncan [McLennan]
Maffey, John and Richard
Maxwel, James
Maunder, James
More, James [Moore]
Norfolk, Henry
Noy, Henry and Richard
Owen, William
Sparrow, Arthur
Thum, William [Thinn]
[Troy, William]

Single Women
Alridge, Mary [Aldridge]
Atkins, Mary
Atkins, Elizabeth [Eliza]
Bingham, Mary
Buxton, Ann and Harriet
Carter, Ellen
Cookson, Caroline
Davidson, Margaret
Davidson, Mary
Doel, Susan [Susanna Doell]
Duckmanton, Mary
Ellis, Ann
Ellis, Esther
Fisk, Emily and Edna
Fleury, Ellen and child
Grantham, Eliza and Sarah
Grealy, Mary Ann
Hall, Mary
Hill, Susanna and Carry
Hiller, Mary Elizabeth, Mary Jane, and Emily
Juden, Emily [Jaden]
King, Lucy
[Knox, Lucy}
Osborn, Mary, Ann and Phobe and Mary
Newton, Elizabeth
Nurse, Mary
Patterson, Mary
Qualtrough, Margaret (matron) (lands in an extremely precarious}
Raymond, Mary
Stoddart, Rebecca {Stottard]
Terry, Sarah and Ruth

Summary
Chief cabin passengers 14
Second cabin 5
Steerage 16
Provincial Government immigrants 178
Total of passengers 213

Births on Board
November 21, 1859, Mrs John Carter, of a daughter
January 20, 1860, Mrs Thomas Machin, of a son [Thomas Dewar Machin]
January 24, 1860, Mrs Hugh M'Kibben, of a daughter

Deaths on Board
October 8, 1859, Isabella, daughter of Mr John Carter, aged twenty months
November, 11, 1850 Edna Fisk, aged nineteen years of consumption
January 21, 1860, James, son of Mr James Beaumont, aged twenty-two months

The Roman Emperor, one of the provincial emigrant ships arrived in harbour on Thursday a little before midnight.  She has had a lengthened passage of 117 days, having left Gravesend on October 1.  No incident of importance occurred during the voyage and the passengers are landed in good condition.  The report of Mr. J.T. Rouse, surgeon superintendent of the ship, shows that no sickness of consequence appeared on board, though a few cases of chronic malady an some severe seasickness occupied the time fully.   The births on board were three equal to the number of deaths, one the latter being an adult, a single young woman who was carried off by consumption of long standing.   The matron, Mrs. Qualtrough, lands we regret to say in an extremely precarious state of health.

Samuel Butler 1835-1902      English novelist, satirist, artist and musician
September 30, 1859 was the day Butler sailed for New Zealand determined to escape the influences of his overbearing father and the church career for which he had been destined. In 1860 Samuel Butler arrived in Canterbury in search of land and adventure and established the Mesopotamia Station at the headwaters of the Rangitata River. Despite his lack of experience as a run-holder, he managed to double his capital to �8,000 in four years.  Against his will, his father published A First Year in Canterbury Settlement, edited from Butler's letters home in London in 1863.  After his return to London in 1864, Butler made his name as a writer. Erewhon or, Over the Range, published in 1872, a satirical and provocative 'dystopia' which derived its setting and much of its content from the years he had spent in Canterbury and his land of  "nowhere" (spell it backwards). Erewhon Revisited was the sequel. His other works include The Fair Haven, Life and Habit, and Evolution Old and New, in which he attacked Darwinism and his Notebooks which was published after his death. 

The Way of all Flesh, an autobiographical novel, was published in 1903, after Butler's death.  It delivers a concerted attack on Victorian society: its hypocrisy, the sham and shallowness of its conventions and social institutions. 1998 it was positioned at number 12 on a list of this century's top 100 novels by the editorial board of the Modern Library, a division of publishers Random House. 

In "A First Year In Canterbury Settlement" Butler states that he came out to N.Z. on an emigrant ship. It was stated that he had originally booked and passage paid for, on the ship "Burmah". However, due to some modifications to make room for some stock to be taken, he lost that booking so didn't sail with this vessel which was to sink enroute and all lives lost!

What happened to the "Burmah"?
Passenger list appear in the 'Lyttelton Times'!

Comber Index : Captain WILLIS of the ship Burmah left Gravesend on 27 Aug and on 17 Nov 97E 48S ??spotted by Regina.  Then missing.

"The Lyttelton Times"
The barque Dunedin left Otago on Friday morning last and fell in with the heavy gale of that day and Saturday. Have too for fear of running past the port, and came in on Sunday evening. She reports the Sevilla as having arrived with emigrants on Thursday last, from the Clyde and on Friday saw a large vessel carrying stock probably the Burmah, going into Port Chalmers.

The Burmah, of Willis, Gann, & Co.'s line, left London , Aug. 28. for New Zealand with the following valuable selection of thorough-bred horses and cattle, the largest ever shipped at one time:- Blood Stock: A fine thorough-bred yearling colt by Kingston, four thorough-bred fillies of high pedigree, the thorough-bred mare Jenny Lind, in foal by Vanderdecken.  Cart Stock: Four pure-bred Clydesdale stallions, two pure-bred Clydesdale mares, the very fine Yorkshire bred stallions Hero and Wonder, and a fine Yorkshire bred stallion colt.  Cattle: Four pure-bred Ayrshire bulls and two heifers, one fine pure-bred Durham short-horn bull and two heifers; the total being fifteen horses and mares and nine head of cattle, The Burmah is for Otago and Canterbury. 
Otago Witness Oct. 10 1859 page 4

A1, 611 tons register, Capt. Turnbull. Will be due in Otago about 20 December 1859, and upon discharge of her cargo will load wool for London. Jones, Cargill, Co. 

Comber Index. Ships arriving Otago about the same time period the Burmah should have arrived.
Sevilla arrived 8 Dec 1859
Cheviot arrived 27 Nov 1859
Royal Bride arrived 31 Dec 1859 from Lyttelton
Bosworth arrived 25 Jan 1860
Dunedin arrived 19 Apr 1860

February 11 1860 page 5 Otago Witness
The non-arrival of the ship "Burmah," at Lyttelton, is creating much anxiety for her safety. The "Burmah," chartered by Willis, Gann, & Co., left St. Katherine's Docks on the 26th of August.... One of the Clydesdale horses and a mare, and the short-horn bull and two heifers, were shipped on account of Mr C. Elliot, of Nelson, and the horse was considered one of the finest that ever left Scotland. The "Burmah" was spoken by the "Regina" on longitude 97 deg. E. and latitude 48 deg. S., on the 17th November; the latter vessel reaching Lyttelton on the 4th December. The  "Regina"  passed icebergs the day after she passed the "Burmah." 

She perished at sea. The "Regina" spoke with her within 14 days of New Zealand, ten weeks ago. Had she put into any Australian port, we should certainly have received information by this time. Mr Harris is also importing stock in her.

Otago Witness Saturday August 4 1860.
The "Burmah" was posted at Lloyd's on May 6 as a missing ship, and losses would be paid on the arrival of the June mail without any satisfactory intelligence.

Grey River Argus, 10 January 1871, Page 2
A supposition might be ventured (says the
Otago Daily Times) concerning the wreck lately discovered near the mouth of the Tautuku. According to the Canterbury and Nelson papers of February and March, 1860, the ship Burmah, having on board an unusually large cargo for Otago, Canterbury, and Nelson, and including a valuable consignment of first-class horses and cattle, together with 21 passengers, left London at the latter end of August, 1859, for Lyttelton, which port she never reached. She was last heard of, when spoken by the Regina, in lon. 97 E. and lat. 48 S., within 14 days' sail of New Zealand. This was on the 17th Nov., 1859. The opinion of the special constable, as published by us, was that the wreck, which lie describes as that of a ship, had plainly been lying upon the beach for some years, though a miner had informed him that he was prospecting on that beach in July. 1869, and had then seen no traces of it ; but it is possible that in comparing notes of such a district as that a mistake might arise as to the precise locality spoken of. The constable also states that on the ship's nameboard were six letters partly obliterated, of which it was impossible to make out any but the first one, which : appeared to be a B or an F, the initial letter, of course, of the name "Burmah" being the former letter, while the word itself consists of six letters.

West Coast Times 19 December 1884, Page 2 DEATH OF DR. ROUSE.
Christchurch, December 18. Dr. J. T. Rouse, an old resident of Lyttelton, who arrived in the ship Roman Emperor in 1860, died to-day. He was thrown from his horse last Friday receiving injuries to the brain. He was health officer of the port, held other Government appointments, and was much respected.

Children of  Ada Isabel and John Thomas ROUSE
1861 Rouse Ada Isabel
1867 Rouse Lina Maude Mary
1870 Rouse Donald John Thomas
1871 Rouse Edith Marion
1873 Rouse Olive Ethel


THE "BURMAH'S" PASSENGERS

From the "Lyttelton Times", December 7 & 14, 1859 

 Following are the passengers by the Burmah, Captain Lloyd:
Chief Cabin. For Otago:
Messrs Blair, Cave, Dickson, W & D. Williams (2)

Chief Cabin. For Canterbury:
Messrs. Seymour and Maude.

Steerage. For Otago:
Bennett, Mrs  Sarah and three children
Crisp, Charles
Key, Mary and Elizabeth
Shepherd, John

For Canterbury:
Barnard, Deberic, groom in charge of stock.
Brell, J.
Dalfenthal, Henry and Peter. grooms in charge of stock
Harris, Henry groom in charge of stock
Rebain, V.
Shaw, H.

The Burmah has for this province some beautiful breeding stock, horses and cattle, said to be larger than any previous importation

"Otago Witness" March 3 1860 page 5
There is no intelligence of the Burmah, and we fear we may give her up as lost.

Following are the passengers by the Burmah, Captain Lloyd:
Chief Cabin. For Otago:
Messrs Blair, Cave, Dickson, W and D. Williams

Chief Cabin. For Canterbury:
Messrs. Seymour and Maude.

Steerage. For Otago:
Bennett, Mrs Sarah and three children
Crisp, Charles
Key, Mary and Elizabeth
Shepherd, John

Steerage for Canterbury:
(Grooms in charge of stock for Canterbury)
Barnard, Dederic
Brell, J.
Dalfenthal, Henry and Peter.
Harris, Henry
Rebain, Valentine
Shaw, Henry


ARRIVAL OF THE 'ROMAN EMPEROR'

From the "Lyttelton Times", April 1, 1863

Arrived  March 20, ship Roman Emperor, 720 tons, King, from London.

Passengers :
For Canterbury -
Messrs. Ingran, Savage, Hewer, Carter
Second Cabin
Mr and Mrs Crabtree and child
Mr and Mrs Elliot and child
Mr and Mrs Fisher
Mr and Mrs Graham
Graham, Margaret, Mira, George, Ann Elizabeth, William and Paul
Mr and Mrs Joyce
Mr and Mrs Taylor
Mr and Mrs Trent
Messrs. Ashmead, Brain Wm. and Walter, Carder, Causton, Craddock, Colley, Dodds, Durrance, Foster, Fuller, Galter, Greening, Golch, Groves, Harper, Henley, Holt, Honeywill, Howman, Jones, Lesh, Maddeley, Moss, Osborne, Phillips, Rigbye, Robertson,  R and J. Salter, Smith, Tomlinson, Tribe, Tuabridge, Walker, White, Whittaker, Wilkinson, Wisdome
Miss Maver

For Auckland -
Miss Ball
Miss Cow
Miss Sills
Miss Smith
Mr and Mrs Stedman and two children
Mr and Mrs Thavers
Miss Wood
Messers Bates, Hall, Hopkins, Lesh, Saunders, Scarrow, Shepperton, Sills and Springall

For Otago -
Mr and Mrs Bank
Miss Macman
Misses Mary and Margaret Tonder
Messrs. Brosnahan, W. and G. Campbell, Eves, Henry and Edmund Friend, Havward, Levy, John and James Tonder and Tunbridge

For Wellington -
Mr Thomas

The ship Roman Emperor, Captain King, having arrived on Monday from London, having made a lair average passage.  On coming to her anchorage, shortly after being signaled, her decks seemed so crowded that it was thought she had brought out Government immigrants.  The Immigration Commissioners thereupon proceeded on board, accompanied by the police, when it was found that the passengers consisted of a superior class, several of whom are bound for other ports in the colony.  We append an account of the voyage, for which we are indebted to the courtesy of Captain King, who, we perceive, has been presented with a testimonial numerously signed by his passengers:
    The ship Roman Emperor, from London, Captain A. King, with 103 adult passengers. 13 being females and 12 children (two of the latter born on the voyage), cast anchor in Lyttelton Harbour on March 30, having left Plymouth on December 22 last, thus accomplishing the voyage in 97 days. The ship sighted Cape Verde Islands on January 6; crossed the equator on  January 16; saw Gougle's Island on February 7; Snares Rocks on March 24; made Otago Peninsula an March 26; sighted the town of Timaru on March 27; and from making land light variable winds and heavy fogs were experienced.  The passengers the majority of whom are able bodied men, proceed to different parts of the colony.  The passengers presented their compliments to Captain King.  Mr. Williams, chief, and other officers, and to Dr Hope, medical attendant.  Glad to report all in good health.  Two births and no deaths.

This page may be freely linked to but not duplicated in any fashion without my consent.

The Roman Emperor was a full rigged ship built in 1848. The diary of James McCully Baxter with information on the voyage and a list of single men is held at the Canterbury Museum Archives, Christchurch, New Zealand. Reference: Log of Logs by Ian Nicholson.  The W.H.R.Dale Album, at the Canterbury Museum contains the above newspaper clippings regarding the Roman Emperor and the Burmah.

New Zealand Bound