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Early New Zealand Newspapers

Papers Past Images online. NZ National Library.  A wonderful site, free and easier to search.

Australian Resources | Newspaper Extracts | Newspaper Preservation | Shipboard Newspapers

Sir Henry Brett, a shipping reporter wrote in White Wings, 1924. "Fifty years ago, when we had to depend on the beautiful old sailing ships to keep us in touch with the outside world, an expected arrival from overseas was a great event...  Many an important bit of news was brought to Auckland by the "White Wings" of the Circular Saw Line as they were the regular traders they generally brought complete files of the Australian newspapers for the Auckland daily newspapers."

Newspaper City Founded Online Coverage
Papers Past
Comments
         
Northern Advocate Whangarei 1875-today Feb 1887 to Dec. 1925  
New Zealand Herald Auckland 1863- 1863-1924 Vol.1.no.1, 13 Nov.1863-
Auckland Star Auckland 13 Aug.1887 - 31 May 1977 1870-1945 The Evening Star vol.1.no.1,  24 March 1870 - 7 March 1879 continued as The Auckland Evening Star 8 March 1879 - 12 April 1887 then continued as The Auckland Star
Daily Southern Cross Auckland 1843-76 1843 to 1876 No. 1  22 Apri1 1843. 
Amalgamated with the New Zealand Herald Dec. 1876.
New Zealand Observer Auckland 1880-1954 Sep 1880 to Dec 1909 Illustrated weekly 
New Zealander  Auckland 1845-1866 Jun 1845 to 1852  
Te Aroha News  Te Aroha  1883-1982 Jun 1883 to Dec 1889 Waikato 
Waikato Times Hamilton 1875 1873 to 1876
1880 to 1886
 
Bay of Plenty Times  Tauranga 1872 to today Nov 1875 to 1920 Alexander Turnbull Library - microfilm
Poverty Bay Herald  Gisborne  1874 to today 1880 to 1894
1896 to 1920
 
Hawke's Bay Herald Napier 1857-1937 Sep 1857 to Dec 1900   
Hawkes Bay Weekly Times  Napier 6 Feb. 1865 to 28 Dec. 1868 1867 to 1868  
Taranaki Herald New Plymouth 1852- 1986 Aug 1852 to Dec 1909 New Plymouth Library - complete set on microfilm
Feilding Star Feilding 1879 -1939 Jun 1882 - Dec 1909  
Manawatu Herald 
Foxton 1870-1997  Aug 1878 to 1881,
 1889 to 1900
 
Wanganui Chronicle
Wanganui  1856 to today Jan 1874 to Dec 1900 Whanganui Regional Museum and Wanganui District Library 
Wanganui Herald  Wanganui  3 June 1867 to 21 June 1986 Jan 1876 to Dec 1919 Whanganui Regional Museum and Wanganui District Library 
Bush Advocate   Dannevirke 1888 -1912 May 1888 to June 1909 Takapau, Ormondville, Norsewood, Makotuhu, Dannevirke and Wainui District
NZL Spectator and Cooks Strait Guardian Wellington 1844 -1865 Apr 1840 - Dec 1841, Jun 1842 - Dec 1850, Mar 1852 - Dec 1854, 1864, Jan - Aug 1865 Alexander Turnbull Library
New Zealand Times Wellington 1845 -1927   Alexander Turnbull Library
Evening Post Wellington 1865- Feb 1865 to Oct 1915 1916-1945 Alexander Turnbull Library Wellington Cities Libraries database
Wellington Independent Wellington 1845 -1874  1860 to Jun 1874  
Dominion Wellington   1907-1920  
Fair Play  Wellington Nov. 1893 to Nov.  1894 Nov 1893 to Nov 1894 An illustrated journal 
New Zealand Colonist and Port Nicholson Advertiser  Wellington 2 Aug. 1842 to 3 Aug. 1843 Aug 1842 to Aug 1843  
Wellington Independent  Wellington 2 April 1845 to May 1874 1860 to Jun 1874  
Nelson Evening Mail Nelson 1866- Mar. 1866 to Dec 1909 Nelson Provincial Museum & Library, Stoke
Nelson Examiner Nelson 1842-1872 12 March 1842 - 15 Jan. 1874 Hocken Library has 75%.  NPML on microfilm
The Colonist Nelson 1857-1920 1857 -  1889 31 Dec. 1920 Nelson Provincial Museum & Library, Stoke
Marlborough Express  Blenheim  1866 to today 1868, 1873 to 1878
Jul 1880 to 1920
 
Inangahua Times Reefton 1875 -1942 Jan 1877 to Dec 1900  
Greymouth Evening Star Greymouth 1866 -   Greymouth Public Library. Arrivals at Port of Greymouth
Grey River Argus Greymouth 1866-1979 6 Jan. 1866 - 31 Dec. 1920 indexed BDM, coastal and overseas shipping arrivals, Chch Library &  West Coast Historical Museum (1866-1871)
West Coast Times Hokitika  July 1865 to present 1865 to 1909
West Coast Historical Museum indexed shipping arrivals & departures  Jul.- Dec. 1865. Working at indexing arrivals from 1867 to 1870. These references will only give surnames of cabin passengers.
Akaroa Mail Akaroa 1877-1939   not indexed, at Christchurch Central Library,   on microfilm.
Canterbury Standard Chch 1854 -1866   Aotearoa New Zealand Centre Chch Library
The Lyttelton Times Chch 1851 - 1935  1851-1862 1851-1875 indexed, on microfilm, Chch Library became the Christchurch Times
Christchurch Times Chch 1932-1935   Christchurch Central Library
Christchurch Star Chch 1868-1925 May 1868 to Dec. 1909 reminiscences on microfilm Chch Central Library Bev's site
The Stars' Summary of Events for 1883
"The Year of Wonders" Dec. 31 1883 pg 3 Jan. 2 1884
The Press 1861-1994 on microfiche in the Aotearoa NZ Centre. Chch 1861-today 1861-1920 Indexed, on microfilm, Chch Central Library.
 Index to 'Lyttelton Times' 1850-1860 is on microfiche.  Recent index from 1995
Weekly Press Chch 1865-1928   1896-1923 on microfilm, Chch Central Library. Illustrations from 1894
Ashburton Guardian Ashburton   (1887-1921)  
Timaru Herald Timaru 1864 1864 to 1920 Copies are at the Public Library in Timaru
Waimate Daily Advertiser  Waimate 28 May 1898 to today May 1898 to 1900  
The Oamaru Mail Oamaru 1876- 1876-1920 North Otago Museum Lookups
North Otago Times Oamaru 1876-1932 Feb 1864 to Dec 1900 Started as Oamaru Times and Waitaki Reporter in 1864 name changed to N.O.T.
Cromwell Argus 
Lake County Press 
Lake Wakatip Mail 
Arrowtown 1876 - 1878
1887 - 1910
1885 - 1939 
  Current newspapers on microfilm at the Lakes District Museum
Otago Daily Times  Dunedin 1861- 1861-1920 Dunedin Public Library NZ Room & Hocken
Otago Witness Dunedin 1851-1932 1851 to 1909 Hocken Library holds 1851-66, 1883-1932
Otago Gazette Dunedin      
Tuapeka Times Lawrence, Otago 1868 to 1941 Feb 1869 to Sep 1896, 1897 to 1909 bi-weekly
Clutha Leader  Balcutha 1874 to today Jul 1874 to 1900  
Bruce Herald Milton 1864 -1971 1871- Dec. 1905  
Mataura Ensign   Gore 10 May 1878 to today 1883 to Dec 1900 The Hocken Library, Dunedin has the newspaper from 1878 to the present and probably the The Hokonui Moonshine Museum, Gore 
The Southland Times Invercargill 1862 - today Oct. 1869 - Dec. 1905 1881-1945 (75%) at Hocken Library browse under Southland Times
Southland Provincial Gazette       Invercargill Public Library
Southland Daily News Invercargill 1861-1968
 
   
N.Z. Building Progress Wellington 1905 -1924 Nov. 1905 - Oct. 1910 Architectural periodical
New Zealand Free Lance Auckland 1900 - 1960 Jul 1900 � Dec 1909 popular pictorial weekly, (1960 NZ Weekly News)
New Zealand Illustrated Magazine Auckland 1899 to 1905 Nov 1899 to Sep 1905 a monthly
The New Zealand Tablet Dunedin 1873 to 1996 May 1873 - Dec 1909 Catholic periodical

The early newspapers listed a vessel's arrival within one or two days and sometimes included passenger list, accounts of voyage and cargo, births and deaths that occurred on the voyage.  Discrepancies maybe found in the spelling of passenger names and number of passengers when compared to the assisted emigrant passenger lists.  In the early days there where so many smaller newspapers being printed with shipping arrival and departure columns so if there was more than one newspaper in the vicinity check all as reports may vary.

The London Gazette
National Library of Australia newspapers - online images
Christchurch resources
NZ newspapers today

The National Library of NZ
British Library Newspaper Library Colindale Ave., London, NW9 5HE, ENG. Good newspaper catalogue 
Welsh Newspapers Online
Shipping Gazette & Sydney General Trade List 1844-1855 snippets e.g. Stirlingshire
The Illustrated London News. NZ content from Volume 1, 1842 to volume 50, 1867. Waikato U.
The Times
[ London ] Archives prints
BBC
[ L
California Digital Newspaper Collection 1849-1911

A diary survives of David Burn, a newspaper editor working in Auckland during the 1850s. It is full of shipping intelligence.  If truly kept, how much of passion, pain, and mortal sin, these pages may unclose! David Burn (c.1799 � 14 June 1875) migrated to Auckland from Tasmania in 1847 where he worked as an editor and journalist on several newspapers until his retirement in 1865. He was a voluminous writer and many of his manuscripts are preserved at the Mitchell Library, Sydney, including his reminiscences and diaries. Burn was associated with several Auckland newspapers. He was at first on the New Zealander and subsequently as a partner in the New Zealand Herald, Auckland Weekly Register and Commercial and Shipping Gazette, were under the editorship of David Burn.


I often use the media, and get success.... glad someone else does it... bought in quite a few enquiries for my research..
Lost Friends -Lloyd's Weekly

Newspaper Help Columns - A reader service.
Australian Woman's Weekly: Where are they now?
Two NZ magazines with a wide circulation, have similar help pages but there is a fairly long waiting list.
NZ Woman's Weekly, Noticeboard,  Email: sellers@nzww.co.nz
NZ Woman's Day, Helpline, Email: lallen@acpnz.co.nz

Two address for Sydney newspapers:  
    RSVP@smh.com.au Sydney Morning Herald
    letters@dailytelegraph.com.au  The Daily Telegraph

Evening Post, 8 February 1915, Page 22 History of the Press association
Negotiations were set on foot before the association had been two years in existence, with the result that on 19th. December, 1879, a conference was held at Timaru, from which the present Press Association was born. It is a coincidence that the annual meeting of the association will be held at Timaru this month, the first time the shareholders have met there since the conference. As a matter of newspaper history, it may be interesting to give the names of those present. They were : Messrs. A. G. Horton, New Zealand Herald ; H. Brett, Auckland Star; H. Blundell, Evening Post ; Hon. W. Reeves. Lyttelton Times and Star ; G. Fenwick Otago Daily Times, Dunedin. J.G. Fraser, Dundien Morning Herald, J.W. Jargo, Dunedin Star; H. Belfield, Timaru Herald.


Newspaper Research

Harvey, D.R. Union list of newspapers preserved in libraries, newspaper offices, local authority offices and museums.  National Library, Wellington 1987. Lists the names of newspapers, where held and what years they hold. Arranged geographically, according to place of publication, then alphabetically by latest title. Index.

Millet , A.P.U. & Cole, F.T.H. Bibliographic Work in New Zealand1986, Work in progress and published. University of Waikato, 1986. Contains an alphabetically (by newspaper title) list of indexes to New Zealand newspapers and newspaper clippings held at libraries in NZL.

New Zealand newspapers on microfilm.  National Library of New Zealand. 1995 Wellington [N.Z.] National Library of New Zealand

The Star, Christchurch Thursday 4 June 1891 page 2
Death - WILSON - Departed at the age of 31, Alfred Wilson, the beloved son of Alfred and Augusta Wilson, of Yaldhurst, at 10 mins past 7pm, June 2nd. He left our zone in perfect peace, after only a week's suffering, assured of a continuous life and of an ultimate reunion with all his sisters and brothers and his father and mother. All papers in New Zealand in your monthly summaries to England please copy.

"We are sadly pining after ships and news from England," wrote Henry Sewell at Lyttelton 1854. Eleven days later. "No ships, no letters - and we are lying in a state of miserable stagnation until the steamer arrives. The Ashmore ought to be here..." Four days later. The Ashmore sailed into Lyttelton Harbour and Sewell wrote of his joy at receiving mail from home.

Auckland Repositories

Wellington Repositories

Christchurch Repositories

The first page of  the eight page newspaper contained advertisements.The 'Lyttelton Times' was first published Saturday 11, January, 1851, amazingly only 24 days after the first emigrants arrived.  Editorial: Part One Part Two. The main avenues in Christchurch are Bealey, Moorhouse, Fitzgerald and Rolleston. The 'Lyttelton Times' first editor was James Edward FitzGerald (1818-1896) of Irish descent but born in Bath, Somerset and educated at Christ's College, Cambridge, a passenger on the 'Charlotte Jane' , was also an immigration agent, inspector of police for Lyttelton, and in 1853 he was elected the first Superintendent of province of Canterbury in 1853, an office he held until 1857. He was also a MP for Lyttelton. Occupied a seat in the first Parliament and had was the first premier of the colony.  Founded The Press (Vol. 1. No.1 25 May 1861) as well, before entering politics. He died in Wellington on 2nd August, 1896 and is now buried thanks to the motorway construction in a mass grave in the historic Bolton Street Cemetery, Wellington.

Dec. 20 1856 Mr John Ingram Shrimpton, died aged 23, published the first number of the 'Lyttelton Times', in the open air. He was the eldest son of Ingram Shrimpton, formerly an eminent printer at Oxford. He was out duck shooting with his brother Walter near the river Ashley. Walter slipped and the gun went off, and the contents lodged in his brother's heart. Walter immediately hurried to Miller's house of accomodation, at the Salt-water Creek, and asked for help. Inquest held before W. Donald, esq. Verdict of "Accidental Death" returned.

Smith, A.A. Printing in Canterbury: A History of Newspapers and Printing Houses of the Province from the Earliest Times. Chch: W&T for the Christchurch Club of Printing House Craftsmen, 1953. First ed. 68pp. 25cm.

Dunedin Repositories

Australian Resources - newspapers

First Published Some early Australian newspapers
1803-1842 The Sydney Gazette
1816 Hobart Town Gazette
1831- 42 Sydney Herald, became the Sydney Morning Herald to present
1838 Melbourne Advertiser,  1st Jan., became the Argus
1838 Port Phillip Gazette, 27th Oct.
1839 Port Phillip Patriot, 6th Feb.
1846 Morton Bay Courier
1846 Melbourne Argus 2nd June1846 - 1957
1854 Melbourne Age
1858 South Australian Advertiser
1880 Sydney Bulletin
1831 Western Australian

Victoria Resources

Tasmanian Resources

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Newspaper Extracts

Australian newspapers sometimes reported New Zealand events including ship arrivals, deaths, marriages and births.

Newcastle Courant
20 Aug 1852: Married at Auckland. NZ 18 March 1852 J.C. Blackett third son of the late Sir Edward Blackett, Bart. of Martfen Hall, Norththumberland to Emily Jane Cockcaft second daughter of Major Cockcaft of Her Majesty's 58th Regiment.

_3 Oct 1857 Birth at Wellington, NZ, on July 22 1857, to the wife of his Honor T.E. Featherston MD, Superintendent of the Province Wellington, a son.  (Dr. Isaac Earl Featherson, afterwards first Superintendent of Wellington was the ship surgeon on the 'Olympus' which sailed from Gravesend Dec. 8, 1840 and arrived Port Nicholson on April 20, 1841. Reference: 'White Wings' by Brett )

3 Feb. 1860: Death at sea on the passage to NZ on board the Cashmire, on 29 October 1859, Robert Atkinson, son of Robert Atkinson, late of Sunderland, furniture broker.  Death at sea  on 30 July 1859, Charles Atkinson, son of Robert Atkinson, late of Sunderland. Death at sea  on 29 October, 1859, Isabella Atkinson, wife of Robert Atkinson, late of Sunderland.  (White Wings by Brett mentions "During the passage to Lyttelton in 1859 no less than 16 children, died. The ship 'Cashmere' landed 190.  It was stated that the vessel was overcrowded.")

15 Jan 1858 Married at New Plymouth, NZ, on 29 July 1857 John Carrick, 3rd son of R. Carrick, Croft House, Halthistle, to Anne Oxenham, eldest daughter of T. Oxenham

26 Oct 1860: Birth at New Plymouth, NZ, on 21 July 1860 to the wife of John Carrick, a son.
Reference for the above extract: Ancestors: Quarterly Journal of the Genealogical Society of Victoria Summer 1993/1994

The Lyttelton Times
Wednesday, January 26 1859
Our disappointment at not receiving English mail now due at the time expected is almost as great as ever, in sprite of frequent warnings.  The hope, raised by recent arrangements and some regularity of late has been almost sanguine as ever, that we should not again suffer formally: and the disappointment is proportionate.

The Oneida, by which vessel it appears that the mail was to come to Melbourne, had not arrived in that port on the 14th instant, the day before the Lord Worsley left Sydney.  The Boomerang, by which vessel our mail would be brought to Wellington, seems to have waited for the Onedia, for she had not arrived at her port of destination on the 24th.  She would not probably be long detained, having to provide for her return trip.  It is possible that when she does come she may not even then bring the mail with her: but we must hope otherwise.

The news which we have received is given at some length in our general intelligence. It seems, however, that English news of a date seven days later than our former advices, namely to the 30th of October, had been received at Sydney.  Owing to a hiatus in the Sydney papers received this news has not come to us, except as far as relates to mercantile matters.

Mr. Swell arrived in Melbourne by Royal Charter, and at once plunged into further negotiations on the subject of steam communication, especially turning his attention, it would seem, to Panama route, and urging its adoption upon the Melbourne Government and Chamber of Commence in that town.

Local Intelligence
The Lord Ashley arrived at half past eight last night, bringing a large number of passengers and horses, but without the English mail, the Boomerang not having arrived at Wellington at the time of her departure.

Shipping news
ARRIVED
Jan. 23, schooner Canterbury, 37 tons, Bowton, from Wellington. Passengers, Mr. and Mrs. Olson and family (3), Mrs. Carter, Mrs. Wilson, Miss O'Connell, Messrs., Spencer, Kingsbury, Noaworthy, Graham, Williams, Thompson, Anmer, and Wilson.
Jan. 25, schooner Lucy James, 33 tons, Throp, from Wellington, for the river.
Same day, s.s. White Swan, 191 tons, J. McLean, from Wellington. Passengers, Captain and Mrs. Milton, Dr. Hodgkinson, Dr. Buchanan and son, Mr. and Mrs. Turrell, Mrs. Ball, Mrs. McAlpine, Messers. Kenyon and Hart, and 3 in the steerage.
SAILED
Jan. 24, Thomas and Henry, for Dunedin.
SAILED
Jan 25, s.s. White Swan,  sailed for Otago from Lyttelton, J. McLean (Capt.)
Passengers , Mrs. Hollinshead, servant, and 2 children, Mr. Hodgkinson, Dr. Buchanan, Messers. Kenyon and Chapman, and 4 in the steerage.

IMPORTS
In the Canterbury, T.B. Craig, agent; 4  qr. casks do., 4 packets hops, F.N. Campbell & Co.; 2 hhds. brandy, 4 qr. casks do., whiskey, 1 case Brown & Co.; 6 bales, 1 roll, Cookson, Bowler & Co. 4 bales sacks, Armstrong, 1 parcel Greeson; 3 cases Nathan; 1 cask Henries; 1 case, Davis; 2 sofas, Miles, Kington & Co.; 3 tons limestone, 3500 bricks, 8 parcels, porter, Order.
In the Lucy James, Master, agent; 3 bundles bags, Miles, Kington & Co.;  1 reaping machine, Dalgety Co., 1 qr. cask, 1 sofa, Order.
In the White Swan Dalgety, Buckley & Co. agents; shipped at Manakan: 4 horses, order. Shipped at New Plymouth: 1 case, 5 bags, seed, Order. Shipped at Nelson: 10 trunks boots, Turwell; 1 bale, Moss.  Shipped at Wellington: 10 tons flour, 4 horses, 7 coils rope, Order.

LIST OF PASSENGERS PER STRATHALLAN

The Ariel, from Melbourne, arrived in Wellington on the 18th, and left for this port on the 22nd.
The Dart, which left on the 29th Dec, arrived in Sydney on the 14th inst.
The Lion was to sail for this port direct from Sydney, on the 15 instant.
The Lord Worsley left Sydney on the evening of the 15th instant and arrived Nelson on the 21st, making another smart run of 51/2 days.  At that time of her departure the Oneida had not arrived Melbourne with the English mails.
The ship Equator, from London, arrived in Wellington on the 20th.
The Nourmahal cleared for London from Sydney on the 14th.

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The Lyttelton Times
Wednesday, December 7, 1859
ENGLISH SHIPPING
Nine vessels are on the list as having sailed from London and other ports for New Zealand in the month of August. Among them is the 'Lyttelton,' described as of 49 tons, indicating the coasting steamer built for the Canterbury Steam Navigation Company. The whole measurement of the boat including the engine room, is, we believe, about 130 tons. Of the commencement of the voyage we are informed that " The Lyttelton, Coleman, of and from London, for Lyttelton, N.Z. put into Ramagate, Aug. 31, for more canvas." We learn, further that she left again on the 13th September, and is, therefore, 80 days out. She need not be expected very quickly.
On Sept. 5th, the Golconda sailed from the Downs for Nelson; on the 7th, the Nimroud, for Auckland
The ships loading for New Zealand on 17th Sept. are as follows:-
For Auckland: Jura, African, and Frenchman
For Canterbury: The Roman Emperor, Lamprell, and John Lawson, Bice
For Otago: Bosworth, and Ambroaine
For Wellington and Hawkes Bay: Wild Duck
For Wellington and Canterbury: Viscount Sandon
For Wellington and Nelson: Robert Small
From Liverpool for Auckland, &c.: The Shalimar cleared on the 12th Sept.
The Gloucester, Hiate, from Otago, June 3rd, arrived off Portland on 16th Sept.
The Burmah, belonging to Messrs. Willis, Gann and Co.'s New Zealand line, left St. Katherine's Dock on August 26 for New Zealand. She takes out the following valuable selection of thorough-bred horses and cattle, the largest ever shipped at one time: : Blood stock....
The Royal Bride screw steamer, 2000 tons burden, from Bristol for Melbourne, with passengers and a general cargo, arrived in Queenstown on the 28th August and steamed opposite Glenbrook, where she cast anchor for the purpose of taking on additional passengers and cargo. She is the first of a contemplated line of steamers between Bristol and Melbourne, which will make Cork a port of call. Most of her passengers accommodation having been engaged at Bristol, she received only 20 passengers at Queenstown-including five first class, being all she had room for; and about 300 tons of goods, including 2300 firkins of butter. She sailed again in a few days.
Home News.

The Times, Saturday, Jun 04, 1831; pg. 5
The
Emma, of Chepstow, Oliver Chapman, master, arrived at Poole last week, having on board a young man, about 24 years of age, the son of a chief of one of the Southern islands of New Zealand, who was delivered to the captain to bring to England, by Henry Parkinson, Esq., British Consul at Babia. This young man took his passage in the brig Volutia, of Glasgow, bound to London, for the express purpose of having an interview with the British King; but that vessel was unfortunately wrecked on the Bar of the River Francisco, about 150 miles north of Bahia; he, together with the master and crew were brought to Babia, but this young man (not being a British subject) remained with Mr Parkinson for three months. The young man is greatly tattooed, very muscular, rather stout, and about five feet five inches high.

The Times, Monday, Jun 13, 1831
The ship
City of Edinburgh, J.R. Clendon, commander arrived at Gravesend on Friday last, from New Zealand, having on board two native chiefs and three attendants. They are very handsomely tattooed and strong and well made men. They state of their object of their visit to England is "to see all the white people, and have a talk with the great King, the bare mention of whose name Captain Clendon has found of infinite importance in trading with them."

The Melbourne Age Oct 17, 1854
Vessels laid on at the Port of London for New Zealand:
August:
    Polar Star: Auckland, and New Plymouth
    Monsoon: Nelson and Wellington
    Royal Stuart: Canterbury, Wellington and New Plymouth
    Pudsley Dawson: Wellington, Nelson, Canterbury and Otago

September:
    Simlah: Wellington and Nelson
    Josephine Willis: Auckland

Timaru Herald Wednesday 7th Dec. 1870
Latest Australian News
The Bluff, Dec. 4
The Tararua, Hagley, commander, left Melbourne on Nov. 29 and arrived at the Bluff at 12 on Dec. 4. She has 21 chief and 39 steerage passengers, the Southland portion of the English mail, 323 tons cargo, and 42 horses. The Tararua leaves for Dunedin today.  Passenger list: For Dunedin -

Clapperton 	Mr
Gidney 		Mr
Greig 		Mr
Greig 		Mrs
Muir 		Mr
Peake 		Mr J.F.
Paterson 	Mr
Pittman 		Mr
Smith 		Mrs
30 steerage, 160 tons cargo and 42 horses.
For Northern ports -
Garwood 	Mr 
Loughnan 	Mr
Louisson 	Mr
Templer 	Mr
White 		Mrs
White 		Miss and Master
Wood 		Mr
9 steerage and about 120 tons of cargo.

Otago Witness May 30 1874 page 3 column 4
English Shipping  London
Arrived - March 22nd, Excelsior, from Napier; 29th Adamante, from Lyttelton
Sailed -
24th Halcione, with 337 immigrants; 26th Caroline, for Otago, with 350 immigrants (from Queenstown); 
28th Hindostan, for Otago, with 344 immigrants;
29th Stonehouse, for Canterbury, with 43 immigrants, Peeress, for Timaru, with 260 immigrants; Carts Burn (from Glasgow) for Otago with 310 immigrants'
April 7, Atrato, for Otago and Canterbury, with 400 immigrants.

Star, Christchurch Wednesday 28 June 1881 page 3
Arrival of "Orari" at Home
The NZ Shipping Co. have received a telegram from London announcing the arrival of their ship Orari on 28 June after a passage of 80 days. This is the ship in which W.W. CHARTERS went home.

 Star, Christchurch, Saturday 21 December 1889 page 3
Homeward Bound - STARKY
Mr G.B. Starky owner of Brackenfield, near Amberley, left Christchurch last night for a sojourn in the old Colony. He departed from Lyttelton in the Hauroto. After staying in Australia a short time he leaves Melbourne for London on the s.s. Valetta.

A returned Colonist - Joseph Ives
Mr Joseph Ives and his family returned to Christchurch last night after having made a prolonged stay in Victoria.

The Times, Friday, Mar 09, 1877; pg. 10
Ship Thomasina Maclellan, of Glasgow, Official No. 68,058, bound on a voyage from London for Otago. Smoke issuing from the forward hatch. Cargo consisted of 800 kegs of gunpowder and it was decided to throw the kegs overboard. The vessel put into Rio de Janeiro in distress July 31 1876.

The name Gazelle appears to apply to several ships in Sydney at the time. e.g.. a brig and another schooner. This vessel mentioned traded between Sydney and Auckland.  There were sometimes a dozen or so ships arriving at & leaving Sydney each day at this period, some for the South Seas fishing area, some trading up and down the Australian coast, others going to various American, Asian and Pacific island ports, and to European ports, via The Panama Canal and via The Suez Canal.  

Sydney Morning Herald Tuesday November 10 1857 (Page 10)
Arrivals - October 15
Gazelle, schooner, 212 tons, Captain P. Jones, from Auckland 28th   September; 12 passengers.
                  
SMH Thursday December 10 1857
December 9. - Gazelle, schooner, 212 tons, Captain Jones, from Auckland 27th November.
Passengers - Mr and Mrs Reynolds, Miss Cohen, Mr and Mrs J Stewart 2 sons, Mr and Mrs Shepherd, Messrs. Scanlan, Brown, Barton, and 3 in the steerage.   Laidley, Ireland, and Co. Agents.
Imports - December 9. -  Gazelle, from Auckland: 33,000 feet timber, Laidley, Ireland and  Co.; 800 bags gum, W. and P. Paul; 78 bags gum, A.S. Webster; 4   bales wool, Gillfillan and Co.; 489 bags gum, 67 hides, Order.
Custom House -The fine clipper schooner Gazelle, Captain P. Jones, arrived yesterday, having sailed from Auckland November 27th, called off Wangaroa on the 28th, and embarked two passengers. Experienced fine weather during the passage. Sighted the brig Gertrude, Dunning, from Auckland, bound to Hobart Town, of Wangaroa. The brig Gertrude, Captain Grange, was to sail for Sydney, on the 5th November.

                    *************************

Auckland arrivals: November 16. - Gazelle, from Sydney.
Auckland Departures: November 22. - The Gazelle, from Sydney, came up the harbour in gallant style, walking over the first of the ebb at a single board. She is in first rate order, the very "moral" of what a packet and passenger ship ought to be, - her accommodations being lean, comfortable, and well arranged. We heartily wish that Auckland  had a few more such craft, and then we think the complaints of our postal no-service would be few and far between. As an instance of the celerity with which the engineers of Sydney execute an order, it may be worth while to notice the arrival of large Cornish boiler, 18 feet long, 5 feet diameter, and of 20  horse power, which occupied no small portion of the Gazelle's hold, and which is intended for Messrs. Henderson and  Macfarlane's saw mill. In six days after this order had been in their hands, this boiler  was executed and turned out for shipment by the Messrs. Russell of Sydney. - New Zealander, 17th November.

The Wellington Independent, Nov 24. 1863
Arrived Wellington. Nov. 21 1863, John Bunyan, ship, 520 tons, Allan, from London. Passengers per ship John Bunyan, from London. Rev. Mr Muir, Mrs Muir, and two children, Miss Emily Hobson, Rev. F. Humphries, Messrs H.B. Smith, W. and B. Cazally. 

The Star 30th March 1889
Albany, March 29th
Arrived - P. and O. Company's Victoria; Passengers for New Zealand. The Earl and Countess of Onslow and two ladies, Lord Cranley, Messrs Fullerton, Smallbones, Smith, Johnson, Garland, Walrond, Saville, Perceval and wife, Rev. Mr Smith-Wilson and wife, Colonel and Mrs Williams, Miss Freekhart and Mrs Stephenson.

Timaru Herald 7 Oct. 1893  page 3
Albany, 6 Oct.
Arrived - Britannia from Plymouth. Passengers for New Zealand - Mrs Donaldson, Messrs Toshosh, Rusfort, Anderson and Berne.

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The Illustrated London News
First published 14 May, 1842. Copies of microfilms are widely available throughout the United States and the Commonwealth. Try interlibrary loan service to obtain the appropriate volumes. Also available in bound volumes at certain libraries.

March 4, 1876.

"During the months of December and January the following vessels carrying emigrants left for the Government of New Zealand:-
     In December, the 'Waipa', from London for Wellington, with 215 passengers: the 'Wellington', from Glasgow for Otago, with 50: the 'Gutenburg', from Hamburg for Wellington, with 164.
     In January, the 'Fernglen', from London for Nelson, Westland, and Marlborough with 189: the 'Countess of Kintore' and the 'Caitloch', from London for Canterbury, with 183 and 23 respectively; and the 'Pomona', from Glasgow for the Bluff, with 164. The total emigration for New Zealand in these two months was therefore 979 persons. The following vessels which carried emigrants for the Government of New Zealand have arrived in that colony:- the 'Hudson',' Otaki', 'Corona', 'Rangitiki', 'Jessie Osbourne', and 'Hurunnui'."

Dec. 8, 1877

"The following vessels dispatched by Sir James Vogel, Agent-General for New Zealand, in the months of July and August, with emigrants for that colony, are reported to have arrived safely at their destinations:-
   The 'Waldron', the 'Otaki', the 'Rataura', the 'Rangitiki', and the 'Marlborough'. A letter dated Oct.1, lat. 19.30 S., long. 27.0 W., has been received from the Surgeon-General of the ship 'Waitara', which vessel left Plymouth with emigrants on Aug. 24, stating that the voyage had been a safe one, and that all on board were well."

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In the days when mail was carried by sailing ship, it was common procedure to send duplicate copies by different ships to increase the chance of the information arriving safely. Masters of sailing vessels calling at NZ ports were required to sign a declaration. 'I ... have delivered all public dispatches, letters, parcels, newspapers, and all Post Office mails and letters, both in parcels and loose, which were on board my vessel.'

Newspaper preservation 
1) Make sure there is a copy taken of the paper. This is best achieved by microfilming it.
2) At all times it is important to keep the paper flat and out of light. DO NOT photocopy it.
3) You can purchase an acid free folder.

Dennis Hardin, head, Preservation Imaging Department, Indiana Historical Society Library suggestions: Newspapers printed in the 1800's maybe made of  "rag" paper which contains cotton and linen fibers much like an everyday dollar bill.  It is a much more stable material than later newspapers (after about 1890) when modern "newsprint" was developed using wood fibers.  If your paper is folded up, you should flatten it out, even using an ordinary steam iron to eliminate creases.   Use medium steam and medium-high heat as you would to iron a handkerchief.   Once the paper is flat, you should decide if you want to display the paper or (better for the paper) to simply store it safely.  For display purposes, you might use sheets of mylar to make an envelope big enough to fit the entire paper inside, with full front page showing.  Use double-sided tape to adhere the mylar sheets together at the edges, leaving a little breathing room at the corners (in other words, don't make your envelope completely air-tight).  Panes of glass work OK too if you want to mount it in a frame. If the paper needs cleaning from soot etc, get a document cleaning pad from an art supply store.  Rub the pad gently over the dirty areas, then brush away the eraser-like residue. The paper should be as clean as possible before you encase it.  If you want to simply store it safely, go ahead and clean and iron as before.  We use 20" x 25" cardboard sheets to sandwich the papers, then wrap them in brown kraft paper.  The most important thing is to keep the paper out of the heat, light and damp.  It should last you a very long time with little or no further deterioration.

 "home papers please copy" but with a city name. May mean that part of the family still lived in that city, or have returned to the UK and lived there.

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Shipboard  Newspapers

Newspapers or weekly magazines were often published aboard ship to amuse the passengers.  Immigrant vessels came out with printing presses e.g. 'Randolph'  Some papers were handwritten. Otago Settlers Museum, Dunedin 'Ships Box' collection includes newspapers from these emigrant voyages: Aboukir (1862), Alpine (1859), Jessie Redman (1883), Monowai (1901), Morning Light (1866)

Vessel Arrival port Masthead Year Remarks
Benares Otago Benares Ocean Chronicle 1878
British Empire Lyttelton British Empire Gazette 1864 Nat. Lib. AUS. Canberra  voyage
Charlotte Jane Lyttelton Sea Pie 1850 also The Cockroach
Duke of Portland Lyttelton The Portland Gazette 1851 Alexander Turnbull Library
Evening Star Evening Star
H.M. Troopship Gymeric  South Africa The Gymeric Times  1900
Hereford Lyttelton Hereford Times 1879
Howarh Nelson Howarh Weekly Times 1876 Wellington Maritime Museum
India Lyttelton The Times of India 1902 Canterbury Museum
John Wickliffe Port Chalmers Otago Pioneer 1848
Lord Auckland Nelson Lord Auckland Journal 1841 ?weekly
Matilda Wattenbach Auckland Albertland Gazette 1862 two issues online  On Papers Past
Mataura Bluff The Mataura Herald 1877 State Archives  W.A.
Mokoia Europe Mokoian 1914 Troopship - departed Auckland
Montmorency Napier Record 1867
Otago Port Chalmers Otago Gazette 1874  
Piakio Lyttelton Piako Gazette 1877 edited by Mr Whitcombe
Piakio Lyttelton Saturday Review 1877 edited by Mr McNeale
Randolph Lyttelton Masthead 1850
Royal Stuart Lyttelton The Ocean Mail 1854 Canterbury Museum
Samarang Lyttelton The Sootie Sammy 1852 Alexander Turnbull Library
Southesk Lyttelton Southesk Weekly News   1879 Canterbury Public Library
Waimate Lyttelton Waimate Gazette 1876 Nat. Library of AUS, searchable
Waitangi Lyttelton Waitangi Tribune 1876 Canterbury Museum
Whitby Nelson Whitby Times 1841
Zealandia Wellington The Zealandia Times 1877  

Southland Times, 18 January 1875, Page 2
A copy of "The May Queen Weekly News," a newspaper published on board the May Queen during her last outward voyage, has been forwarded to us by Captain Tatchell. It consists of sixteen columns, the contents of which comprise 'leaders', advertisements, correspondence, notices to correspondents, of Sunday services and vessels spoken; charades, 'poetry,' and critiques on theatrical entertainments.

Otago Witness, 12 December 1874, Page 14
There has been brought under our notice a novel publication, entitled the May Queen Weekly News, which it may be inferred from its name, is a paper that was brought out in M.S. form, of course, on board the ship May Queen during her passage from England. Our marine contemporary that was, is an amusing little paper much given to poetry and witticisms and home reminiscences, with, at the same time, a happy inclination to regard coleur de rose everything south of the Equator. There are some good things in the May Queen Weekly News, not the least noticeable of which is "A Nautical Incident" Copies of the paper can be obtained at Mr Wise's establishment.

Otago Witness,  17 June 1876, Page 21 The Riddler.
414. Charade. � J.C. sends us the following Charade, which he says was published in the May Queen Weekly News, on the passage from London to Otago : �
1st. Sir, I enclose my little bill,
Due Christmas last and owing still;
If you don't pay my just demands,
I'll place it in my lawyer's hands.

2nd. We are twenty- six in family,
Look out for the fifth, and you'll see me.

3rd. They are squigeeing the decks,
And the pigs are all squeaking,
The crew are all tumbling about overhaed,
They are making such a row one can't hear oneself speaking,
What's the use of attempting to stay in one's bed.

Whole.
" My own romantic town," sang Scott,
" Our new colonial town," sing we, "
The city where we cast our lot,
And one we hope once more to see."

Dun-e-din = Dunedin

Timaru Herald, 11 January 1898, Page 2
Mr Leggott, quite an old identity of Timaru, has shown us a curiosity in the shape of copies of a newspaper, The Greyhound Chronicle, published in February, 1865. The "copy" for the paper was written on the voyage of the ship Greyhound, and each MS. day's paper carefully bound, and on arrival at Christchurch the whole was printed and distributed among the passengers. The daily record is interesting reading, the short articles dealing with the voyage, the medical officer's report, astronomy, correspondence on various matters, poetry, humourous paragraphs, etc. Mr Leggott, who was a passenger by the ship, assures us that the paper was eagerly looked for, and helped time to pass very pleasantly. [available through the ATL, Wellington, interlibrary loan]

Otago Witness, 21 June 1900, Page 30
THE GYMERIC TIMES,
Mrs Black, of Dunedin, has received from her son, Corporal Black, of the fifth contingent, an interesting memento of the voyage of the Gymeric to South Africa � namely, the newspaper published on board. This journal, which is .styled the "Gymeric Times," consists of 15 pages of foolscap, "printed" by means of a cyclostyle. It was edited by Mr A. C. Morton, and the published price was 6d a copy. The contents are varied and decidedly good. With the events of the voyage our readers are already familiar. Among the contents were some articles giving good advice to troopers about their health and conduct. From the frequent compliments paid to the officers and crew, the supercargo, and others, it is apparent that the best of feeling existed. The provisions are said to have been, on the whole, excellent. It appears that the Gymeric Times came very near to not seeing the light at all. Some troopers in search of a target came across the case containing the printing apparatus, and believing- it to be empty, were about to consign it to the deep to serve a-s a mark for bullets, when one of the staff of the journal arrived and rescued it.

Otago Witness, 13 September 1905, Page 29
A committee meeting of the Otago Early Settlers' Association, held in the office of the association on Monday evening, was attended by Messrs John Duthie (in the chair), Duke, Brenner, Brown, Ferens, McIndoe, Proudfoot (treasurer), and Langlands (secretary). Votes of thanks were passed as follows: � To Mr Henry L. James (Jockey Club) for a quarterly-bound volume Otago Witness from October till December, 1859, and for 26 well bound and -well-preserved half-yearly volumes of the Witness from January, 1890, till December, 1902, a most generous gift, increasing in value as the years roll on; to Mr W. Farquhair Young (telegraphist) for 11 single copies of the Witness dated April 15. 1862, and April 18, 25, 1863, May 9, 25, 30, June 6, 13, 26, and July 4 and 11, 1863 � a very welcome addition to the collection of early history.
No doubt there are many loose copies of the Witness from 1851 and through the sixties still in existence, and the committee would gratefully receive the presentation of all such With a view to forming a complete series, and would also be glad of a few copies of the Otago Journal, published in Edinburgh in 1848, 1849, and 1850, to make up the set of eight originally published; to Mr Peter Dick (watchmaker) for The Alpine, a newspaper published on board that vessel, which arrived here from Glasgow on September 9, 1859, edited by Mr James McIndoe who has just passed away, and by him, presented to Mr Dick, a fellow passenger, an early record of events on board was the birth of a son to Mrs John Black, to be named John Alpine Crawford Cochrane Black, and one feels anxious to know if the little stranger was able to carry such a weight of names or was ultimately crushed by them ; it would also be interesting to know if correspondents who wrote under the names of " Renfrewshire," "Vulcan, 'Alexander Begg, " An Inhabitant of the Lower Region," and others, are still in our midst, there is also a copy of a largely-signed protest from passengers to the captain against the filth prevalent on board, caused principally by pigs being allowed to run loose on deck, and against not receiving their proper allowance of stores (with regard to this court proceedings were taken after landing, and heavy fines inflicted on the captain; particulars can be seen in office ; to Mr Whitelaw, Dunedin, for four views of Hokitika river and town.

Evening Post, 2 September 1895, Page 2
We have received a copy of "The Gothic Gossip," a newspaper published on board the Gothic on her last homeward voyage. It was edited by Canon Diggons, aided by a sub-editor and an assistant sub-editor, and the Rev. L. M. Isitt and Mr. P. P. Peireon wore the publishers. It is full of amusing, interesting, and instructive matter, and its issue must have helped to wile away the tedium of the voyage most agreeably.

Bibliography | NZ  History

Letters

Every day brings a ship,
Every ship brings a word;
Well for those who have no fear,
Looking seaward well assured
That the word the vessel brings
Is the word they wish to hear.

Ralph Waldo Emerson
1867

June 30 1909 The Times
The Lyttelton Times, a leading Government organ says that there is no surer bond of Empire that the cheap and rapid telegraphic service.

New Zealand Bound

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