In October 1769 the bark "Endeavour", captained by James Cook, sailed down the East Coast of the North Island on a voyage of discovery. As part of his meticulous charting of the unknown territory, Cook named the Bay in honour of Sir Edward Hawke, First Lord of the Admiralty. The actual Bay (the water) is Hawke Bay, and the the province (the land area) is Hawke's Bay. Napier is located on the east coast of North Island, in Hawke Bay. Ahuriri was renamed Napier when the Pakeha settled via overland routes in the late 1840's. Napier was declared a port of entry in 1855. The Royal Bride, 526 tons, from London under Captain Laker was wrecked at Napier on June 22nd 1863 two miles from the harbour entrance after dragging anchors. No lives were lost. She carried 24 assisted emigrants. Source: NZ wrecks.
Some indexed passenger lists are at Hawkes Bay Art Gallery and Museum. The Hawkes Bay Museum, 9 Herschell Street/ 65 Marine Parade P.O. Box 248. Napier. email@example.com firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 64-6-835 7781 Fax: 64-6-835 3984 Also have some Hawkes Bay directories and newspapers e.g. Waipawa Mail
HBH Tuesday 4 January 1881
Arrived - Lady Jocelyn, ship, 92 days, from London. She brings settlers for Vesey Stewart's special settlement. The passengers are all well. Vesey Stewart Carisbrook Castle to Auckland 1875. Rakaki 1881, Oxford 1881, May Queen 1881, Lady Jocelyn 1878
Hawke's Bay passenger lists
Denise & Peter's Stuff passenger lists
Ships to Napier
Napier Shipping wayback
Napier (Ahuriri) Settlers 1850's-1870
Passengers to Napier 1850's onwards
Hawke's Bay Shipping
H.B. Williams Memorial Library Gisborne
NZ Immigrant Shipping from Hamburg 1872 - 1876 wayback
Norsewood Cemetery and Ships
Below is a list of ships which called and disembarked passengers at Napier and was compiled by Mr Bruce Williams who has kindly given his permission to list it on this site. Lookup contact listed at AUSNZ Passenger Lists. A lot of the passengers were Scandinavian who settled near there. The barque "Rangoon", 374 tons, was the first direct vessel from London via Sydney and arrived Napier 24 July 1864. Next was the "Strathallan" which made a total of three trips to Napier.
Ship - Arrival Date in NZ
Ship Arrived Ship Arrived ADAMANT 11 Jan 1879
IONIC Nov 1883 AORANGI 1891 IONIC 16 Feb 1888 ARAWA 21 Nov 1886 KAIKOURA 27 Feb 1887 BALLARAT 15 Sep 1872 KAIKOURA 1 7 Jul 1887 BEBINGTON 20 Nov 1874 KAIKOURA 3 Dec 1887 BEBINGTON 15 Jul 1876 KAIKOURA 1891 BERAR 11 May 1865 KING OF ITALY 6 Sep 1865 CELAENO painting wayback 2 Feb 1872 MATAURA 9 Nov 1877 CHILE wayback 29 Dec 1872 MAY QUEEN 7 Nov 1879 CITY OF AUCKLAND Oct 1875 MONTMORENCY wayback 24 Mar 1867 CLARENCE 5 Jan 1875 OPARI 26 Jul 1879 COLUMBUS 15 Aug 1877 OXFORD 1 Mar 1877 COUNTESS OF KINMORE 8 Jun 1875 PLEOINE 28 Nov 1880 DORIC 8 Jun 1886 QUEEN OF THE NORTH 2 Feb 1874 DOUGLAS 25 Sep 1873 RAKAIA 9 Sep 1879 E.P. BOUVERIE 19 Oct 1873 RANGITIKEI 15 Apr 1883 EARL GRANVILLE 4 Mar 1880 RANGOON 23 Jul 1864 EASTMINSTER 15 Jan 1880 RENFREWSHIRE wayback 4 Jan 1878 ENGLAND picture wayback 19 Mar 1871 RIMUTAKA 12 Aug 1886 EXCELSIOR 3 Oct 1870 RIMUTAKA 1891 FERNGLEN wayback 20 Mar 1877 RUAPEHU 29 Jan 1887 FRIEDBURG wayback 24 Aug 1875 SCHIEHALLION 26 May 1874 FRITZ REUTER 17 Mar 1875 STAD HAALEM wayback 15 Apr 1879 GAINSBOROUGH 28 Feb 1878 STRATHALLAN 24 Nov 1864 GERALDINE PAGET wayback 5 Jun 1880 STRATHALLAN 17 Dec 1865 HALCIONE 24 Aug 1871 TONGARIRO 1891 HALCIONE 4 Jul 1874 TRIUMPH wayback 26 Nov 1883 HELEN DENNY 22 Oct 1874 WAITARA 21 Dec 1876 HELEN DENNY 20 Sep 1875 WARWICK 1 Mar 1879 HERMIONE 15 Aug 1882 WEST AUSTRALIAN 1 Jul 1864 HOVDING wayback 15 Sep 1872 WESTERN MONARCH 2 Jan 1880 HOVDING 1 Dec 1873 WEYMOUTH 3 Jul 1866 HUDSON 12 Feb 1875 WILD DUCK 19 Jan 1865 HUDSON 11 Feb 1876 WILD DUCK 20 Dec 1867 HUDSON 14 Mar 1879 WILD DUCK 21 Jan 1870 IDA ZIEGLER 13 Oct 1867 WINCHESTER 26 Jul 1874 INVERERNE Mar 1874 INVERNESS 28 Oct 1876 INVERNESS Nov 1875 ADAMANT 11 Jan. 1879
1. The Invererne was a full-rigged ship of 900 tons which made a number of immigrant voyages to New Zealand in the 1870s, finally being wrecked near Java in 1876. Items relating to a voyage of the 'Invererne' from Britain to Napier, 1873-4, bringing Scandinavian immigrants. Includes passenger lists, newspaper reports, official correspondence from and to immigration officials, a letter from Julius Vogel, list of occupations of passengers, list of births and deaths during the voyage, an account by the ship's doctor, list of gratuities due to inspecting officers and crew.
2. List of passengers sailing on the 'England', departing London Dec 1871, signed by Captain G. Harrington and Shaw Savill, brokers. List includes Larsen family.
Article from Parade magazine of Jun 1972 relating to the voyage of emigrant ship 'England' to New Zealand, and smallpox epidemic on board among Scandinavian emigrants. Creators : Bateson, C.H. (fl.1972).
Copies of articles from Evening Post newspaper from 9 March to 1 May 1872 relating to arrival of 'England', quarantining of Scandinavian immigrants, enquiry into the voyage, journey of immigrants to Masterton and Scandinavian camp at Kopuaranga. Instructions to matron of 'England', Mrs Hall, from agent general I.E. Featherston.
Alexander Svend Dreyer (1820-1905) acted as interpreter and overseer to the Scandinavian immigrants at the Scandinavian Camp. The area was named Dreyerton after him, until 1904 when the area was renamed Kopuaranga.
Letter from A.S. Dreyer to Under-Secretary of Public Works, containing statements from Christopher Eriksen (fl.1872)and Johannes Jespersen (1821-1906), passengers on 'England', regarding illness of passengers and treatment by Dr John Leigh.
Copies of articles from Wellington Independent relating to immigrant ship 'England' arrival in Wellington with smallpox, enquiry into conditions on the voyage and progress of the Scandinavian immigrants.
3. Photocopy of, and transcript of article in Hawke's Bay Herald of 2 Dec 1873, about the arrival of emigrant ship 'Hovding' at Napier.
Transcripts of three articles from Hawkes Bay Herald, 2-4 Dec 1873.
Advertisement for immigrants from 'Hovding' wanting employment.
Article relating to enquiry into bad conditions on the 'Hovding' voyage.
Letter to newspaper from Captain Carl Nordby of 'Hovding' regarding the length of voyage.
4. Articles from Dannevirke Evening News 16 Sep 1922 to 17 Oct 1922 relating to Scandinavian settlement of southern Hawke's Bay, particularly Norsewood and Dannevirke. Articles mention immigration scheme, voyages, bush fires, early settlers and early buildings.
5. Articles from Dannevirke Evening News about Scandinavian settlements of southern Hawke's Bay, published in 1940. Included are immigration policy, voyages, pioneering days, dairy industry, transport, churches, contribution of Scandinavians to New Zealand life.
6. Article published in the New Zealand Herald 5 Nov 1976 about Scandinavian emigration to New Zealand and settlement of Seventy Mile Bush.
7. Mac (Malcolm Richmond) Larsen (1923-1985), descendant of Norwegian immigrants to Mauriceville. Founder of New Zealand Norway Society, for which he published a magazine 'Hovding' till his death. He researched Scandinavian immigration to New Zealand and his own genealogy, publishing 'Happiness is sharing your heritage' in 1976.
FAMILY HISTORY LIBRARY CATALOG
Hawke's Bay Emigration Records, 1870-1879
New Zealand Department of Immigration (Main Author)
Note Location Film
Names of ships and dates of arrival:
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066524 Items 1-13
England 1 Dec 1870, Hovding - 1872, 13 Aug 1873 Ballarat 13 Jun 1872 Chile 12 Sep 1872 Inverene 28 Nov 1873 Queen of the North 22 Oct 1873 Schiehallion 10 Feb 1874 Halcione 24 Mar 1874 Winchester 2 May 1874 Helen Denny 28 Jul 1874 Bebington 28 Jul 1874 (loose pages)
Hudson 20 Nov 1874 Clarence 24 Sep 1874 (diary) Fritz Reuter 25 Nov 1874 (loose pages) Countess of Kinmore 16 Mar 1875
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066524 Items 14-17
Friedenburg 10 May 1875 Helen Denny 26 Jun 1875 (loose pages) Inverness 21 Aug 1875 (loose pages) Hudson 23 Oct 1875 Bebington 12 Feb 1876 (loose pages) Inverness 28 Jul 1876 (loose pages) Waitara 10 Sep 1876 Fernglen 9 Dec 1876 Mataura 12 Aug 1877 Renfrewshire 29 Sep 1877 Gainsborough 3 Nov 1877 (loose pages) City of Auckland 25 Jul 1877 (loose pages VAULT BRITISH Film 1066525 Items 1-11
Adamant 28 Sep 1878 (loose pages) Hudson 20 Nov 1878 (loose pages) Rakaia 30 May 1879 (loose pages) May Queen Aug 1879 (loose pages)
New Zealand Shipping Co. passenger lists: Tongariro 22 Jan 1891 Kaikoura 22 Jan 1891 Rimutaka 5 Feb 1891 Aorangi 8 Jan 1891
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066525 Items 12-19
Various ships (loose pages) Rangoon 23 Nov 1863 West Australian 15 Mar 1864 Strathallan 13 Jul 1864 Wild Duck 26 Jan 1865 Berar 31 Jan 1865 King of Italy 30 May 1865 Strathallan 29 Aug 1865 Weymouth 9 Mar 1866 Wild Duck 7 Sep 1867 Montmorency 24 Mar 1867 Ida Ziegler 11 Jul 1867 VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 1-12
Wild Duck 2 Oct 1869 Excelsior 27 Apr 1870 Celeono 2 Nov 1871 Hovding 31 May 1872 Halcione 31 May 1871 Douglas 14 Jun 1873 E.P. Boveric 1 Jul 1873 Inverene 21 Nov 1873 Schulvallion(?) 1874 Halcione Mar 1874 Winchester 2 May 1874 Bebington 28 Jul 1874
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 13-24
Helen Denny 28 Jul 1874 Hudson 20 Nov 1874 Countess of Kintore 16 Mar 1875 Helen Denny 26 Jun 1875 Inverness 21 Aug 1875 Bebington 11 Feb 1876 Waitara Dec 1876 Columbus 4 May 1877 Gainsborough 3 Nov 1877 Oxford 12 Mar 1877 Hudson 20 Nov 1878 City of Auckland 24 Jul 1878
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 25-36
Adamant 27 Sep 1878 Warwick Nov 1878 Stad Haalem 15 Feb 1879 Rakaia 30 May 1879 Orari 24 Apr 1879 Western Monarch 30 Sep 1879 Eastminster 25 Oct 1879 Earl Granville 29 Nov 1879 Geraldine Paget 25 Feb 1880
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066526 Items 37-45
Pleoine 1 Sep 1880 Hermione 4 May 1882 Rangitikie 24 May 1883 Ionic 22 Sep 1883 Rimutaka 3 Jul 1886 Ruapehu 18 Dec 1886 Doric 21 Apr 1886 Arawa 9 Oct 1886 Kaikoura 1887 Ionic 31 Dec 1887
VAULT BRITISH Film 1066527 Items 1-11
Timaru Herald Friday 22 August
Mr Rees went to England with a big land settlement scheme. He returned with a dozen immigrants, without even a fin of the tame whale with which he promised to compensate the Maoris for the loss of their land. The twelve immigrants - he might have chucked in another, if it was only a baby, just for the luck of the odd number - were collected at Clitheroe, Lancashire, and they are all relatives. There are three married couples - the youngest couple seemed to be still enjoying their honeymoon; three single females - the youngest twelve years; two single males, and a cautious benedict of mature age, who left his wife at home to take care of the la.. el ?peaates - he wanted to see something more before venturing to remove his household goods to the home of the Maori. The single married man said he was a "railway worker." The comprehensiveness of this piece of information left me a wide filed for conjecture as to whether he was a chief commissioner or a common navvy, or to which one of the many special vocations lying between these two grades he was devoted.
HB Herald 21 Aug 1882
Mon 21 Aug 1882
19 - Rotorua from Auckland via Poverty Bay. Mr & Mrs GREY. Major RICHARDSON. Messrs WALKER, NICHOLSON, G.A. BUTTLE, R. WATERHOUSE, J.R. DAVIES, NICOLL, THOMSON, BRUNSKILL, ATCHISON, HIRIONE. 4 steerage and 30 immigrants ex Hermione.
19 - Rotorua for Melbourne via Wellington & South. Mrs HAWKINS. Messrs PALMER, BARNETT, RAMEY, HYLANS, NICOLLS, ANSWELL, THORNTON & DAWKES
Sept 10 1864 HBH
Port of Napier. Sept 6 West Australian from London via Wellington- cargo for - GORDON, TUXFORD, TYLEE, Mrs WILSON.
Hawke's Bay Herald 26 Nov. 1864
PASSENGERS AND CARGO TO NEW ZEALAND - embarked on the "STRATHALLAN" dep Gravesend 21 7 1864,
arrived Napier 24 11 1864
Passengers Cargo Armstrong, Miss 6 cases, 50 casks beer, Stuart & Co Armstrong, Miss M 1 package, John Wilkinson Brown, Dr (Surgeon Superintendent) 4 chests, 16½ chests, 14 packages tea, 7 packages, Brown, Mrs 77 packages, 8 casks, 244 packages, Newton, Irvine & Co. Chuck, Mr W S G 4 packages, W Miller Dinwiddie, Mrs 2 cases, M S Bell Dinwiddie, Jessie & Lizzie 3 cases pianos, V Janisch Flanagan, John 1 box, W Tuxford Glackin, Maria 9 cases saddlery, H R Holder Glackin, Patrick 4 packages, W J Elwin Gordon, Ann 1 box, E Bibby Hardie, G 67 packages, John Chambers Hardie, Mrs 155 packages, Watt, Kennedy & Watt Higgins, Lawrence 2 rams, 73 packages, 1 parcel books, Joseph Rhodes Inglis, James 119 packages, J M & R Stokes 80 sash weights, 48 iron pots, 41 packages ironmongery, M Boylan Jenkins, Mrs Jane & daughter 3 cases, J G Gordon Lambert, Miss 1 case, J D Ormond Luff, Mr Joseph 14 packages, 4 sheep, John Tucker Maylan, Mary 10 sheep, 96 packages, H R Russell McCrea, Roderick 6 sheep, Purvis Russell McKay, Murdoch 49 packages, Lieut-Col Whitmore McKay, Mrs 119 packages, T B Harding McKay, Roberta, Bertera & Ann 28 trunks boots and shoes, E J Touet McKnight, Margaret 1 case, G Addie McLennan, Murdoch 310 packages, G E G Richardson Miller, Thomas 66 packages, 1 package, 20hhds ale, 60 boxes, 4 cases, 1 bale, Pounall, Peter 15 packages, order Price, Ithiel 3770 bundles standards, 589 bundles wire, 24 cases eyebolts, Price, Thomas 8 bags, 733 packages groceries, 564 bundles, 637 bars and Price, Mrs & child (son b. 26 Aug. 64) 29 bundles iron, 34 kegs nails, 20hhds porter, 20 bags, 5 crates, Rankin, Agnes 25 packages, 36 bales, 1 cask, 94 cases, Kinross & Co. Sanders, Charles Suttle, Jane Williams, Mrs Sarah & 4 children (James, Maria, Eliza, Mary Ann) Wilson, James Wilson, Mrs & daughter born 12 Aug. 1864 Inglis, Mrs & 3 children (Margaret, Helen, Janet); dau. born 10 August 1864
Herald 18 May 1865
Arrived from Wellington 16 May 1865 on the Queen, (emigrants ex Berar, from London)
Allaveck Nellie Allaveck Master John Broadbent James Cashen Lizzie Clayton Mr and Mrs and 2 children Hatton Eliza Hawkins Mr and Mrs and 3 children Hawkins Thos Hawkins Hannah Joice Peggy Lawson Thomassina Jones Mr and Mrs and 3 children McCanghan Jane McCormack Mr and Mrs and 4 children McCormick Mary McDonald Mary McDonald Barbara McDonald James McLean Peter Mayo Mr and Mrs and 2 children Ramsay James Ramsay Lizzie Ramsay Flora Stead Arthur
Hawkes Bay Herald 1 June 1865
Death - McDONALD At the Hospital, on the 30th May, Barbara McDonald, aged 30 years, a native of Glen Urquart, Inverness-shire, Scotland, and recently arrived in the colony by the ship Berar.
Hawkes Bay Herald 8 August 1865 Public Notice
If this should meet the eye of Mrs Annie MASON, who arrived on the ship Berar, in the middle of May last, at Wellington, she is earnestly requested to communicate with her brother, Mr Thomas TEES, Post Office, Auckland.
Hawke's Bay Herald 19 December 1865
Passengers to New Zealand - embarked on the "STRATHALLAN" departed Gravesend 30 August 1865,arrived Napier 17 December 1865
Saloon: Messrs Bowser, Clay, Lamplough, Lye, Scott; Masters Lambert (2)
Second Cabin: Miss Milne, Miss Morrison, Miss Peacock; Mr Drover
Steerage: mostly assisted immigrants
Cornelius & Honora Dempsey
James & Mary Macauly
George & Margaret McKay
Families: OLDS, John 20 Farm labourer Susan 22 ROWE, Ezekiel 33 Farm labourer Elizabeth 34 Elizabeth A 13 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs] Eliza J 8 James Henry 6 Ezekiel L 4 JANE, Richard 28 Blacksmith Elizabeth 31 " 6 Samuel 3 Thomas 8 mths JAMES, James 29 Miner Anna 32 John 5 Peter 3 James H 1 Mary Inf KITTOW [sic - KITTO?] William 35 Farm labourer Mary A 40 Daniel 12 [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs] Elizabeth T 9 William T 5 Eli 1 HARVEY. Thomas 33 Farm labourer Elizabeth 27 John T 11 Elizabeth A 9 WILLIAMS, William 40 Farm labourer Elizabeth 38 Elizabeth J 18 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs] William B 16 [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs] Joseph 9 Annie 7 WILLIAMS. William Hy 35 Labourer Elizabeth A 28 Elizabeth J 10 William John 6 Symons H 4 Rosa A 1 PHILP. William 28 Farm labourer Jane 26 Emma 2� Ann 8 mth BLEWETT, John 31 Farm labourer Mary 31 John 6 LAGOR, William 40 Farm labourer Malvina 40 Lucinda 16 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs] Ann 13 " " " William 10 Harriet 9 John 7 Charles 5 Leah 11 mths LORY, Hannibal 42 Farm labourer Jane 42 Elizabeth 16 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs] Susan Jane 14 " " " Alice 13 " " " Ann 12 " " " Caroline 8 Louisa L 4 John N 2 THOMAS, John 38 Labourer Catherine 36 Priscilla 19 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs] John* 17 [transferred to Single Mens' Qtrs][NETTLE]* Elizabeth* 16 [transferred to Single Womens' Qtrs][NETTLE]* William 8 Minnie 6 LEAN, John T 26 Labourer Mary A 27 Single Men: John WOON 23 Farm labourer John PHILLIPS 24 Farm labourer William PEARCE 20 Farm labourer Edwin PEARCE 19 Carpenter Edward JOHNS 23 Farm labourer William TAY 29 Farm labourer Richard LORY 19 Farm labourer Hughey RICHARDS 25 Farm labourer Orlando LAGOR 20 Farm labourer James BLACKMORE 21 Labourer LEAN*** Henry 16 Sailor William 14 Edwin 12 Charles 10 Single Women: LEAN*** Elizabeth 45 Servant Catherine 23 " Elizabeth 18 " Sarah A 8 Mary J 5 *** presumably a widowed mother and her children - not permitted to travel in family quarters without a husband/father! Eliz'th J WILLIAMS 18 Servant Eliza J PEARCE 18 Domestic Servant Susan CHEGWIN 35 Nurse [Matron] Mary N LORY 18 Servant Jane LAGOR 19 Servant Emily PEARCE 18 Servant Catherine PEARCE 33 Servant Elizabeth ROWE 38 Laundress
Immigration Commissioners’ Reports: Ships arriving at Napier
Letters to the Minister for Immigration from the Secretary to the Commissioners
“Napier 12 4 1875
I have the honor to inform you that the ship “Fritz Reuter” arrived close to the roadstead on the 17th instant, but a heavy gale of wind sprung up and she was blown out to sea, and did not reach the roadstead until towards the evening of the 18th instant. It being late, and finding from the replies received that there had been several cases of scarlatina and low fever on board, and four cases of the latter still under treatment, the Commissioners thought it advisable to place the ship in quarantine. At 8 o’clock the next morning the Health officer, Dr Hitchings, was put on board; and having conferred with the doctor of the ship, and made a medical supervision, he reported the sickness to be four cases of low fever of a mild form – in reality, he might say the patients were convalescent. On learning this the Commissioners boarded the ship, and proceeded to carry out their instructions.
The Commissioners have much pleasure in reporting the ship in a first-class condition, being very lofty between decks, and having ample accommodation for the immigrants. The provisins were unexceptionable, and the immigrants expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with the treatment they had received from the captain, doctor, and officers of the ship.
The Commissioners beg to convey their thanks, through you, to Mr Fribergh for his valuable assistance in interpreting the numerous questions and replies necessary in such a strict investigation as the Commissioners are instructed to institute.
The immigrants are healthy-looking. Five births occurred during the voyage, and thirteen deaths – three adults, six children and four infants.
I have etc
G T Fannin, Secretary to the Commissioners.”
“Napier 26th November, 1874
I have the honor to inform you that the “Helen Denny”, Captain W Ruth, arrived in the roadstead on Thursday, 22nd October. There were seven births, and nine deaths, generally from diarrhoea. The passengers without exception expressed themselves satisfied with the treatment they had received on board.
I have etc.
G Thos Fannin (pro Commissioners)”
“Napier 17 2 1875
I have the honor to report the arrival of the ship “Hudson”, Captain Trewyn, with immigrants from London. One death occurred during the voyage – a child two and a half years of age; and two births – one still-born.
The Commissioners have great pleasure in being able to report everything, without exception, perfectly satisfactory; so much so, that no further comment is requisite.
I have etc
G T Fannin
Secretary to Commissioners”
“Napier 28 5 1874
I have the honor to inform you that the “Schiehallion”, Captain Levack, cast anchor outside the Bluff on the evening of Monday, the 25th May, and was boarded on the morning of the 26th, all well. There were two births and three deaths – infants.
In pursuance with your instructions, the Commissioners examined and found the condition of the vessel satisfactory, save the single-women’s department, which was objectionably situated, there being no means of preventing communication between the single men, married men and the single girls – the departments all being situated on the same deck. The department of the single girls was also very badly lighted and ventilated.
The provisions were of good quality, and no complaints were made by the immigrants.
The captain had a complaint against the constables for dereliction of duty; but on this subject you have been communicated with separately
I have etc
Geo. Thos. Fannin, for the Commissioners.”
“Napier, August 1874
I have the honor to inform you that the “Winchester”, Captain Arnold, arrived in the Ahuriri roadstead on the evening of the 26th July, all well. There were two deaths on the voyage. It is a source of gratification to be able to again report no contagious disease on board. This province has been most fortunate in this respect.
The accommodation in respect of the after compartments of the married people was very unhealthy, lights having to be kept burning in order to enable the people to perform their necessary duties; besides, the ventilation was very bad. The single-men’s compartment was also very dark and crowded; the single-girls’ was, however, the best ventilated and lighted of any ship which has yet arrived in this port. The immigrants expressed themselves perfectly satisfied with the treatment they had received from the doctor and officers of the ship, also with the provisions supplied to them during the voyage, unless an expression of a want of enough medical comforts for the children, of which sufficient does not seem to have been put on board.
The Commissioners desire to express approval (otherwise than mentioned above) of the manner in which the vessel was brought into port, and the treatment etc., received by the immigrants, and this they do after having instituted a strict examination of all the details, in accordance with your instructions.
I have etc
G. Thos. Fannin
Source: New Zealand, Parliament. Immigration to New Zealand: Immigration Commissioners’ Reports contained in Letters to the Agent-General, London from the Minister for Immigration, Wellington (George Didsbury, Govt Printer, Wellington 1875)
Otago Witness, 20
February 1875, Page 3
Under the heading "More Immigration Muddle," the Bruce Herald publishes a letter from Wm Henry Williams, who tells his story as follows : � "I, along with about 100 more from Cornwall, engaged with the agent there, Mr John Bennet Nichols, to go by the ship Merope, bound for Canterbury, as he told us that there were no more ships going to Otago that year (this was in March). Accordingly, we were sent on to Plymouth, under the impression that we were to be sent by the ship Merope ; but to our dismay, on arriving there we were told by the agent at Plymouth, a Mr Wiggs, that we should have to go in another ship, the Helen Denny, bound for Napier. On remonstrating with him about sending us so far out of the way, he told us plainly that 'we should have to go wherever the Government had a mind to send us. ' I wrote back to Mr John Bennet Nichols, but Mr Wiggs intercepted his letter to me, and tore off the one half, and wrote at the bottom, that we should have to go on to Napier, ' sealed and stamped the same, and sent it to me. Our luggage was then seized and sent aboard, and we had to follow. Now, Mr Editor, before this happened, I had written to my brother in-law, Mr Samuel Bray, who was residing at Maungatua, Otago, that I was, to sail for Canterbury. He accordingly went up to Canterbury to meet me (this I have found out since I came down in search of him). But, the worst of all has to be told. I had to leave my wife and family at Napier, as I have not sufficient means to take them down. Now, sir, I must work for six months before I can earn enough money to bring my wife and family down here, the place where I wanted to come to at first."
Otago Witness, 3 October
1874, Page 3
The Times reports that during the last week of July some 300 Cornish miners and their families left their native county for the north of England, the Colonies, and the United States. New Zealand heads the list of the countries whither the emigrants have gone. These men are stated to be among the best and most skilful miners in the county, and this very circumstance is the prime cause of their leaving it. They allege that under the present system of mining in Cornwall, good men have no inducement to work, a s they are placed, on the same level as inferior hands, and hence they have left to find some better field for their energies. They seem, in fact, to be just the kind of men New Zealand wants.
Star, 6 January 1875, Page 2
Napier, Jan. 5
Arrived - Clarence, from London, with 348 immigrants, all well. There were 21 deaths, chiefly infants from diarrhoea. there were two births. The passengers are now being landed and are a promising-looking shipment.
Otago Witness, 8 September 1877, Page 11
Per Shaw, Saville, and Co.'s ship Helen. Denny. Russell, Ritchie, and Co., agents. Mrs
Joseph and son, Mrs Pyke, Messrs Clemance (2), Kent, Smith, Starkey, Wright, Dalzell, Bragg,
Wilkes, Davies, Pall, Blyth, Mayne. Steerage - Mrs Walker, Messrs Richards, Restarick,
Caskey, Gridley, Rollins, Barrett (2), Beattie.
Berling, Svea. Hamburg to Hawke's Bay : German pioneer settlers who arrived on the Fritz Reuter and the Friedeburg in 1875 / German pioneer settlers who arrived on the Fritz Reuter and the Friedeburg in 1875. Thesis -University of Auckland, 1995. 96 leaves
Gordon, L.C. Immigration into Hawkes Bay 1858-1876. MA Thesis. Department of History, Victoria University of Wellington, 1865
Keesing, Norma. Immigration of the Scandinavian people to Hawke's Bay Hastings, NZ : N. Keesing, 1993. 37 p.
Larsen, Malcolm Richmond. Happiness is sharing your Heritage Contains information on first Norwegians to arrive in New Zealand on the ships England, Hovding and Inverne and their descendants / Mac Larsen. Wellington : M. Larsen, 1976
Fletcher, Cheryl, 1947- Gifts from the past / Carterton, N.Z.: C. Fletcher, 1999 286 p. Story of Scandinavian settlement in the Wairarapa bush told by a member of the Larsen family.
Johanna's World. Norwegian Pioneers at Norsewood. Told by OM Andresen. Translated by Johan Bonnevie. (2001) 2006.
This book deals with a group of people who left south easy Norway in 1873 bound for NZ in the "Hovding." It tells of the Norway at the time they left and before, why they left, family names and ages, and the ship's history. It is mostly the story of Johanna Johannesen who, having left Norway aged 17 in the Hovding bound for Napier, New Zealand, married another passenger, Christian Christiansen, and settled in Norsewood. They lived a life of grinding poverty, years of back-breaking work, loneliness amid the Seventy Mile Bush.
Lots of reminiscences by their descendants make this a very personal history. Old photos of settlers and the town, Norsewood; sawmilling; the ship Hovding; etc ...280pp; b/w photos and illustrations; map; illustrated s/covers.
Books for researching German /Polish ancestors in New Zealand from the 1870s.
Pobag-Jaworowski J. W. Polish settlers in Taranaki
Ogonowska-Coates, Halina. Krystyna's story. Wellington: Bridget Williams, 1992.
Pob�g-Jaworowski, J. W. Polish settlers in New Zealand, 1876-1976. Wellington: J. Pob�g-Jaworowski, 1976.
Memories of the Life of J F H WOHLERS published in German in 1883 and English in 1895.Germany missionary to NZ
Links with the past : Scandinavians in New Zealand. [Napier, N.Z.] : Scandinavian Club of Hawkes Bay, 1989. 78 p.
People of the Bay : proceedings and miscellaneous items of the 1991 Hawke's Bay Genealogy Conference and New Zealand Society of Genealogists annual general meeting : Hastings, 17-19 May 1991. Hawke's Bay Genealogy Group, Conference Committee, 1991. 298 p. Passenger lists., history Hawkes Bay region.
Andresen, �ystein Molstad. R�tter emigranthistorie i sytten brev : norsk utvandring til Australia og New Zealand gjennom 200 �r / �se Grindheim. Oslo : Ansgar, c1988. 183 p. Norwegians-Immigrants- AUS & NZL. U of Auckland Library has a copy.
Stevenson, H.K. "Port and People, Century at the Port of Napier" 1975 (wayback)
Webb, Alice F. Pilgrimage - A biography of Anthony Spur Webb - Index of names, immigrants to Norsewood, Ormondville
Index to Story of Napier 1874 to 1974: Footprints along the Shore by Dr M D N Campbell. example
Publisher: Napier City Council. 252pp; b/w photos; index; appendices; bibliography; maps on endpapers; hard cover, dj. Forward by Mayor Peter Tait
History throughout the years. Depressions and booms. Gardens wayback
Reclamation of swamps creating Napier South
Earthquake 3 Feb. 1931 and reconstruction.
List of signatories (with occupations) to a petition of 1874.
German Immigration to the Manawatu wayback
The major significant immigration of German people to New Zealand was the immigration of "Polis" people from East Prussia in the 1870s. These people were treated historically as German in official and by decimation but were actually Polish usually Catholic. Following is one such immigration:----------Michael (33) and Franciszka (23) KRAKOWSKIE and Johan(1) arrived in New Zealand at Wellington, on the 23 January 1876 on the ship "SHAKESPEARE". The Shakespeare was an iron hulled fully rigged sailing ship built in 1855 in Newport. It was 206 feet long and 23 feet wide and 21 feet high. It was owned by Robert M. Sloman & Co. and registered in Hamburg. It left Hamburg on the 7 October 1875 and arrived Wellington 23 January 1876. As there had been one case of typhoid fever during the voyage the immigrants were inspected and cleansed on Somes Island quarantine station on the 31st January and released on the 1 February.
These Polish/German settlers were then posted to Jackson Bay on the remote south Westland coast, such immigrants were not well liked or treated well. The ship which was taking them was the Waipara. They refused to leave the ship at Jackson Bay and were brought back to Hokitika (5 Feb 1876), where they settled, those that stayed on at the bay all perished. Some force was used in trying to get the immigrants to settle in Jackson Bay which is a remote and inhospitable place with mosquitos and poor unproductive land. Some did settle there but they too eventually left to settle in Taranaki and elsewhere. There was a government enquiry into the treatment of these settlers as they were classed as German convicts.
Evening Post, 24 January 1876, Page 2
The ship Shakespeare arrived in this harbor early this morning. She left Hamburg on the 8th October, and thus has made the voyage from port to port in 108 days. She brings Government immigrants to the number of 390 souls, which are equal to 338 statute adults. Unfortunately she has sickness on board, and the dreaded yellow flag was seen flying at the main-truck as she came up the bay. The Health Officers quickly went alongside, and ascertained that there had been seven cases of low fever during the voyage, one of which was sill under treatment, although in a fairway towards convalescence. It was considered necessary to send the ship into quarantine for a day or two, ad to land the passengers on Somes Island, that both ay undergo a strict course of cleansing and disinfection, while any cases of fever could be isolated. It is not thought that any lengthened detention will be needful. It seems that there were several cases of low fever at Hamburg when the vessel left. In addition to the fever, there were 24 other cases of sickness, but not of any serious nature. Two infants died during the voyage. The Shakespeare is a ship of 882 tons, Captain Jongensen is the commander, and Dr. H. C. Utterhart surgeon-superintendent. Messrs. Johnston & Co. are the agents.
Daily Southern Cross, 2 September 1872, Page 3
Lyttelton: Saturday. The 'Friedberg' arrive from Hamburg yesterday, with 292 passengers. The ship is clean, and the passengers healthy and in good spirits.
A small leak will sink a great ship;
Beware of little expenses; - Benjamin Franklin