From White Wings:- Lost with all
Considering the number of voyages that were made round the stormy Horn in the old sailing ship days the New Zealand trade was singularly free from disasters. Saddest of all epitaphs for a gallant ship is that of the 'missing.' There is something so ominous and mysterious about it, and one's natural grief at the loss of relation or friend seems trebled when disaster of that kind occurs.
1902: The 'Lutine' bell, at Lloyd's, after being for many years in the deep, was recovered, and for more than a century, when news of of the loss of an overdue ship is received at Lloyd's, it is solemnly tolled thrice by the "crier" who then announces the name of the lost ship to the listening members. The posting of a ship at Lloyd's never takes place until all hope has gone. This formality consists of the posting up of a notice that the _____ left ______ on a certain day and has not since been heard of. When a ship has been thus posted the insurance money becomes payable, and her crew are considered to he legally dead.
|Outward bound||Year||Homeward Bound||Year|
|Min-y-Don||1882 Newcastle, AUS|
|Waratah||1909||City of Dunedin||1865 coastal|
The Loss Book at Lloyds is one of the first objects to attract the attention of the visitor to the underwriters room. Several thousand casualties are posted in this volume in the course of the year. On the occasion of the memorable gale in October, 1881, no less than 108 casualties were posted in the Loss Book in one day, the number of lives lost at sea in the one week amounting to 673. Taking the year all round, something like 3,000 casualties are reported in the Loss Book, while on an average 100 vessels are annually posted as missing.
Wanganui Herald, 4 August 1882, Page 3
Invevercargill, Aug 4; What appears to be a portions of a recent, wreck has been picked up on the beach at the Bluff; They comprise a lower topsail yard of a large ship, and face of figure-head. The face is that of a woman with long flowing hair, above the forehead being a large gilded star Where the face is broken off, the wood seemed quite fresh, as though not separated from the other part of the figure more than three or four months. It is asserted that the wreckage does not belong to any vessel at or near the Bluff. It is possibly portions of some, missing vessels, Minydon, Loch Maree, or others.Otago Witness, 19 February 1891, Page 15
CAPTAIN FAIRCHILD'S REPORT
The Hinemoa returned to the Bluff at 7 a.m. on Saturday after a further search for the missing steamer Kakanui. Captain Fairchild reports (says the Southland Times) that he has made a circuit of the Aucklands, Campbell, and Snares Islands, and searched every nook and corner of these islands, but unfortunately no trace of the vessel or those on board of her was discovered. The only hope that now remains is that a Homeward bound vessel may have picked up the men ; but this is really a very forlorn hope, and at any rate nothing would be beard of such a rescue for two or three months to come. At the islands upon which there was a chance of men landing have now been thoroughly searched. With regard to the Antipodes and Bounty Islands, Captain Fairchild expressed the opinion that there is not the slightest hope of any men being on them, as the Antipodes are at a great distance from the Macquaries, and as for the Bounty Group they are merely barren rocks over which the sea almost dashes. The survey party which has been down at the Snares surveying the site for a lighthouse returned by the Hinemoa. They discovered traces in a cove or cave on the west side of the Snares of a wreck having taken place there, whether recently or some years ago is a matter of conjecture. A topsailyard, with halyards attached, and also the topmast of a ship were found in this cove, also a quantity of candles and a teak gun carriage. On part of this carriage are the letters MLSxH, but no clue to the identity of the vessel was found. The wreckage was plentiful in this cove, and Captain Fairchild inclines to the belief that it must have belonged to an outward bound vessel, and that the vessel had gone ashore at the Snares and all hands perished. Three ships during the last 10 years, bound to this colony, which have never been heard of were the Knowsley Hall, which disappeared 10 years ago; the Min-y-Don, a vessel which left Newcastle for Lyttelton about seven years ago, and was never more heard of ; and the Trevelyan, which left England for New Zealand about five years ago, and never reached the colony. Although the evidence is very slight, yet the lettering on the gun carriage mentioned above may serve as a clue to the identity of the vessel from which it came. It is evident that some good ship has met her fate on the treacherous Snares, and this is only a further illustration of the urgent need for a lighthouse on these islands, situated as they are right in the track of ocean-going ships and exposed to all the storms that rage in the "roaring forties."Otago Witness, 11 January 1900, Page 50
Wellington, January 5 The Tekapo, which arrived to-day from Havelock, reports passing, off Terawhiti, a quantity of wreckage, including what appeared to be portion of a vessel's bulwarks. The residents of Plimmerton report seeing rockets in a line between Mana Island and The Brothers' light last night. No vessel is reported missing.
Wanganui Herald, 6 October 1890, Page 2
Within the past two years, four fine New Zealand trading ships have been lost on the voyage between here and Home, with all hands, without anything ever being heard of them again. These are the Trevelyan (Captain Roberts), Dunedin (Captain Roberts), Marlborough (Captain Muir), and the barque Assaye. All save the Trevelyan are missing lately.
She may have taken fire and been blown to pieces, and as she was built of iron, with lower masts, she would take nearly everything down with her.
NZ Shipwrecks p211
"Kilmeny" May 1883. Lost at sea. Sailed 5 May, Wellington to Newcastle. Crew
of 16. The Kilmeny was an iron barque (reg.# 76756) built in Glasgow 1877. 792 ton and 194 ft long.
Hawera & Normanby Star, 30 August 1883, Page 2
PERILS OF THE SEA
Wellington, August 30. No tidings have yet been received of the barque Kilmeny, considerably overdue on her voyage from this port to Newcastle. She is 117 days out to-day, having left Wellington on the 5th of May, and there is very little doubt she has come to grief with all hands lost. The Kilmeny was a barque of 792 tons register, and the following are the names of the crew who left in her for Newcastle : Capt. Rogan ; W. McKenaie, first mate ; B. T. Shaw, second mate; G. Taylor, T. Roberts, J. Carson, A. Crawford, J. Meegan, M. Treeeronia, G. T. Findlay, J. W. Johnson, T. Hughes, C. J. Hansen, P. Jacobsen, J. Tipple, Le Holt, J. Gladstone, H. Hewitt, A.B.s; C. E. Osbourn and G. G. Fisher, apprentices. It has been suggested that the captain may have changed his mind and proceeded to an American port, but as against this supposition it may be mentioned that he was known to have business in Newcastle, and held a draft on a bank at that place.
Taranaki Herald, 14 September 1883, Page 2
The barque Kilmeny, which left Wellington on 6th May last, for Newcastle, has been posted at Lloyd's as missing.
Wanganui Herald, 3 August 1883, Page 2
Messrs Levin and Co., who acted as agents for her when here, have heard nothing pf her since she left. The Kilmeny is owner by Kerr, Newton, and Co., of Glasgow, and is an iron barque of 702 tons net register, built in 1877. Captain Royan was the officer in command when she left here.
It is now 171 days since this fine ship left Gravesend for Lyttelton, and we regret to state no tidings have been heard of her. The Knowsley Hall is almost a new ship; having been built in Liverpool in 1873 for the Sunderland Shipping Company, and classed 100 Al. She is an iron vessel, and her registered tonnage is 1774 tons, but she was capable of carrying a cargo of 3000 tons. She was under charter to though New Zealand Shipping Co. for the voyage to Lyttelton, but that company will not lose anything if she does not turn up as the freight is insured. The various insurance companies will be heavy losers if anything has happened to this ship, her cargo being such a large one and also very valuable. We hear the live stock for Lyttelton is insured for £5000 or £6000. She is under command of Captain J. N. Jackson.
Evening Post, 10 January 1880, Page 2
The union Insurance Company have received information from London to the effect that the ship Knowsley Hall, now out 214 days, has been posted at Lloyd's as missing on 7th January, and that the office is now paying claims. The New Zealand Shipping Company received a cablegram to the same effect.
Evening Post, 20 July 1880, Page 2
The report of the Board of Trade in reference to the missing ship Knowsley Hall is to the effect that the vessel was well found and seaworthy, and that there is nothing to account for her loss ; but the Board comments on the evidence of Lloyd's surveyor, who stated that he was unaware where the load lines were.
Star, 14 May 1883 Lyttelton
Cleared - May 12 - Loch Fyne, ship, 1213 tons, Martin, for Queenstown or Falmouth, for orders. Roberts, Paxton and Co., agents. Passengers - Mrs Martin and 3 children. Sailed May 14.
Otago Witness, 29 September 1883, Page 14
The splendid iron ship Loch Fyne, which left this port in command of Captain Mania on May 14 (138 days since), has not yet been reported as having arrived at Queenstown or Falmouth, for which port she cleared for orders. The cargo consisted of 15,200 sacks of wheat shipped by Roberts, Paxton, and Co. Captain Martin had as passengers on board his wife and three children. - Press.
North Otago Times, 7 December 1883, Page 2
The ship Loch Fyne, which left Lyttelton on May 14th, and has not since been heard of, has been posted at Lloyds' as missing.
Evening Post, 20 May 1884, Page 2
THE LOSS OF THE LOCH FYNE.
Lyttelton, 19th May. The enquiry into the loss of the Loch Fyne was held to-day at Lyttelton. The evidence of the chairman of the Underwriters' Association and the harbourmaster vent to show that the vessel left Lyttelton in excellent trim and with sufficient freeboard. She had 1600 tons of wheat, which was insured by Roberts, Faxton and Co. for £16,000, which was the full value of the cargo. She had 26 tons less cargo than on her last voyage. The evidence of the of the stevedores was to the effect that on one tide she was under Plimsoll's mark, and on the other awash of it ; also that several truck loads of cargo were dumped in her after going into the stream and after the marine surveyor had left. The marine surveyor had been subpoenaed, but was now out of the colony. The evidence is to be forwarded to the Board of Trade, London.
Taranaki Herald, 10 October 1884, Page 2
Up to the date of the report, which is prior to the latest and most terrible disaster, the loss of the Lastingham, fourteen vessels had been reported to the department as total wrecks within the colony, only one of them being a steam vessel. A total of thirty five lives was lost in these wrecks; six from the unfortunate boat's crew belonging to the Sarah Hunt, and four when the accident happened to a pilot boat at Nelson. Beyond the colony the loss of life was much greater; the Loch Fyne had thirty-five people on board, and the Loch Dee seventeen. Altogether eighty-six souls came to a watery grave.
The Star 12 January 1890
Sailed from Lyttelton Jan. 11 - Marlborough, ship, 1124 tons, Hird, for London. National Mortgage and Agency company, agents. Passenger - Mrs W.B. Anderson of Dunedin.
Poverty Bay Herald, 2 October 1913, Page 2
The fate of the Marlborough. The strange story of the sea reprinted in our last issue from the Dunedin Star, regarding the finding of the wrecked ship Marborough near Cape Horn, and twenty skeletons in a tent, was read with interest by at least one local gentleman, who had something further to say on the subject when seen by a reporter to-day. "I knew Captain Hird well," he said. "I sailed with him in the Taranaki, which I left at Port Chalmers in February, 1883. Captain W. Hird went Home from Port Chalmers, and he took over the Marlborough, and I understood he made one voyage in his new ship that it was on the second voyage that he was lost. The Marlborough was built of iron, at Glasgow, in 1876, by R. Duncan and Co., and is owned by J. Leslie, of Glasgow. Also owner of the ship Blenheim. Her dimensions are Length, 228 ft; breadth, 35ft ; depth, 21ft. She left Lyttelton in charge of Captain Hird on the 11th of January, with a cargo consisting of 13,098 carcases of frozen mutton, 1984 bales of wool, and 2 bundles of skins.
Press, 24 December 1890, Page 3 THE MISSING SHIP MARLBOROUGH. The inquiry.
Mr Alex. Rose, Collector of customs gave evidence. The cargo of the vessel summarised paoeated to 1981 bales of wool, value 27 535; 13,075 carcases of mutton, value 8268. 2 bales skins, value £18; 592 1/2 tons coal, value £632. Total value of cargo, 198,349. The crew consisted of 27 men, besides the master and officers, of whom 18 were British and 9 were foreigners, the total of crew all told was 30. There was also one passenger, a lady named Mrs W.B. Anderson, aged thirty-seven. He handed in certified copy of manifest and passenger list, and also produced statement of insurances on cargo of vessel obtained from Chairman of Underwriters, Christchurch. He was unable to obtain particulars of insurance on the hull of the vessel
On reference to Maritime Navy List and Maritime Directory for 1890, page 502, found that the managing owner of the Marlborough was John Leslie, 70 Mark Lane, London.
Walter Henry Paterson deposed that he was stevedore for the ship Marlborough. Witness personally superintended the stoving of cargo. She was stowed securely, and there was no chance of it shifting. There were none of the bales of wool damp. He would not have received any damp bales. Had been all his life leading & seafaring life. Had been a seaman and was two years at the particular line he was now engaged instevedoring. The ship Marlborough appeared to be in good trim. He saw nothing in the stowing of the cargo likely to cause accident. The finding of the Court was that the Marlborough left Lyttelton well found, well manned, and in good sea- order and condition on the 11th January, had been spoken two days later, and had not since been heard of.
Nelson Examiner and New Zealand Chronicle, 9 March 1870, Page 2
The ship Matoaka was posted at Lloyd's as a missing ship on the 8th December, and a notification issued by the committee for the underwriters to settle on her loss. She sailed from Lyttelton on the 12th of May last, for London, with a cargo of wool and general merchandize, about sixty passengers, and specie to the amount £50,000 and was never heard of afterwards. The general belief is that she was wrecked in the ice.
On the 13th May, 1869, this ill-fated vessel cleared New Zealand for London, but never arrived.
A Vessel rode at eventide
Upon the darkling sea ;
Her sails were set, the wind was fresh,
" The furrow followed free ;"
But when the surly morn arose
And shed a doubtful light,
That gallant ship had pass'd from view,
She perished in the night.
No eye was there with pitying look,
No arm was strong to save ;
The warring elements alone
Beheld the ocean grave
The warring elements alone
Beheld the dark despair,
The dying shriek for help of one,
Another's dying prayer.
The plighted maid may wait her love
To fetch her o'er the main,
Until her russet locks are grey,
Nor see his face again :
In vain the widow's heart may yearn
To clasp her only joy;
Far in the bosom of the deep
Now sleeps the cabin boy.
The sailor's wife may gaze for years
Across the ocean's foam,
Her sons no more shall hail their sire,
Or bid him welcome home.
Son, mother, sister long may hope,
With sickening heart, in vain;
Their lov'd ones sleep their lasting sleep
Beneath the tropic main.
Above that spot proud ships may glide,
But nought the wavelets tell;
They sparkle in the summer light,
But guard their secret well.
But when storm-clouds begin to lour
The stormy petrels sweep,
And wail above the dead that lie
Ten thousand fathoms deep.
from A blighted life and other poems by Joseph Dufty
Evening Post, 8 April 1882, Page 2
It will be remembered that a few days ago a Sydney cable message stated the New South Wales Government had requested the New Zealand Government to send a steamer to search for the missing vessel Min-y-don, and we mentioned that no such telegram had been received by the Government. The telegram, however, has at last come to hand, having been accidentally delayed, and it runs as follows: "To Colonial Treasurer, Wellington. The ship Min-y-don, 1103 tons, sailed from Newcastle with cargo of coals for Lyttelton on the 10th February last, and has not since been heard of. Fears are entertained that the vessel has been lost. When the captain left he expressed his intention of going South about. Will you kindly give directions that captains of steamers be requested to keep a look out for wreckage ; or probably Borne of the crew may be cast ashore on the mainland or adjacent islands. This Government will be glad if you will take such steps as you can to solve the mystery of the missing vessel. (Signed) Colonial Treasurer, Sydney." The Government have accordingly telegraphed to the Collectors of Customs throughout the colony, instructing them to request the masters of all vessels leaving their ports to keep a look-out for the missing vessel, or for signs of her wreckage. The schooner Kokeno, which cruises round the Snares, has also been directed to be on the alert, and all steamers trading between New Zealand and Australia will similarly watch for traces of the ship. The is now wholly given up for lost. Possibly the Stella, which is expected on Monday, may have seen some of the wreckage.
Taranaki Herald, 17 June 1882, Page 3
SHIP LOST. The ship Minydon which left Newcastle on 11th February last for Lyttelton with a cargo of coal, and has not since been heard of, has been "posted" at Lloyd's.
Taranaki Herald, 13 September 1882, Page 2
Christchurch, September 12. The Stella brought to Lyttelton yesterday a piece of the ship's poop rail, picked up near Puysegur Point, and has been recognised as part of the missing vessel Minydon.
West Coast Times, 14 September 1882, Page 2
Respecting the portion of a ship's figure* head picked up at the Bluff some weeks ago, the Australian Shipping News has the following : " Min-y-don, ship. The description of the figure head picked up at the Bluff last week, has been identified by the Sydney agents of that vessel corresponding with that she carried, and it may consequently be assumed that this is a trace of the missing vessel."
West Coast Times, 25 September 1882, Page 2
As doubts existed with reference to the identity of the mutilated figure head picked up at the Bluff some weeks ago with that of the Min-y-don took the opportunity of Captain Culmer's visit to the Bluff Harbor with his vessel, the Edith May, to get him to examine the relic. This he did, and he is fully satisfied that these doubts are well founded. and that the head was not a portion of the ill-fated ship, Captain Calmer is well able to speak positively on this matter, as his jewel and the Min-y-don loaded at Newcastle together, find, moored there to the same buoy, so that he had opportunities of noticing the general appearance of the latter vessel. The head now at the office of this paper, he says, is much too small for so large a ship; and as the Min-y-don had no stern ornamentation, some other origin must be sought for this waif of the sea. Captain Calmer, in answer to inquiries expressed the opinion that the Min-y-don struck on the Snares, probably on the fame night that he saw a vessel he is certain was the same, in heavy gale off the Solanders, and which was then heading to go south about. Southland News.
Otago Witness, 29 April 1882, Page 14
Relative to the Min-y-don, which has how been out over 60 days between Newcastle and Lyttelton, the Sydney Morning Herald, says": The Min'-y-don is commanded by Captain T. M. Leslie, and the following members of his crew left here on board for Newcastle, therefore it is only reasonable to suppose that they were on the ship at the time of her probable loss. Their names are:
Matthew L. Maiale?, first mate
William Bradley, second mate
W. M. Gourlay, carpenter
Alfred Browne, Steward
James Daviage, sailmaker
with the following able seamen: William Page, Walter Page, Thomas Finch, William Seuth, Arthur Lewis, Charles Dean, Edward Hanson, David M'Kinnon, William Grant, Robert Wilson, H. Williams, and N. M'Auly. Before leaving for Newcastle, 10 of the original crew were discharged from her as their services were not required in working the vessel to Newcastle. But at the latter port a corresponding number of hands must have been engaged, in order to work the ship to Lyttelton.
Evening Post, 12 August 1884, Page 2
The Search for the Marie Ange.
Bluff, This Day. The Hinemoa returned to the Bluff this morning after an unsuccessful search for the castaways from the Marie Ange. Preservation and Chalky Inlets, the Solanders, and the south-western coast of Stewart's Island, were all searched, and a boat landed at Redhead, but no sign of fire could be seen, although traces would have been wily observable. The lightkeepers at Puysegur Point said no wreckage or fires had been seen lately. They had sighted the Ringarooma when passing last Sunday night. They also reported that a teak companion, supposed to have belonged to the missing ship Min-y-Don, was found by a sealer not long since.
Evening Post, 30 October 1888, Page 2 The Missing Ship Trevelyan.
A CLUE TO THE MYSTERY - Conclusion arrived at London, 24th October. A life-buoy, marked "Trevelyan," has been found at Koelbttrg, on the coast of South Africa. It is now considered certain that she was the vessel seen to founder off Cape L'Agulhas on 3rd June.
West Coast Times, 25 August 1888, Page 2
No little anxiety is being manifested in Dunedin concerning the non-arrival of the ship Trevelyan, from Glasgow. The Trevelyan is now over 140 days out, and has not been spoken since her departure. She is under the command of Captain W. Roberts, formerly chief officer of the Hermione, of which vessel his father was for many years in command. The Trevelyan a slow sailor, and may be only making an extra long passage, but a fact that tends to increase the alarm felt is that there is in her cargo no less than 45,000 gallons of spirits. It is to be hoped that the delay in her appearance is not due to the too frequent tale of " broached cargo, drunken sailor, lighted candle, missing at Lloyds."
Otago Witness, 16 November 1888, Page 10
It will be remembered that about a fortnight ago a cable message appeared in our columns to the effect that a lifebuoy had been picked up on the south coast of Africa which bore the name "Trevelyan." From this it was supposed to have belonged to the barque of that name, bound from Glasgow to Dunedin. We learn from a cable message in a Melbourne paper, dated London, October 24, that there was an inscription attached to the buoy, stating that the barque foundered at sea in June last, and that 100 persons were lost. There is evidently some mistake over these figures, as the Trevelyan had not more than two passengers on board, and with the officers and crew there could not be more than 30 souls on board.
Evening Post, 23 October 1888, Page 3
THE WELLINGTON CARGO. The Trevelyan had on board the following cargo for Wellington when she left Glasgow on the 23rd Match last: Consigned to Winton and M'Laughlin, 7 crates earthenware ; Barber, 1 case machinery, 1 extractor ; John Y. Steel, 1 case effects ; Aitken, Wilson and Co., 25 cases marmalade; W. and G. Turnbull and Co., 20 cases cornflour, 200 boxes candles; Levin and Co., 50 cases whisky. 10 qrs. whisky, 10 ccts. whisky, 50 cases lime juice, 100 cases ginger wine ; E. Pearce, 10 qra. whisky, 20 ccts. whisky, 59 cases whisky, 10 qrs. whisky, 15 ccts. whisky.; Aitken, Wilson and Co., 3 iron tanks confentions, 30 cases preserves; S. Gibbons, l0pbhds. ale;, Robt. Cnrrie, 1 case effects; E. C. Holcroft, 17 casks paints, 40 kegs paints, 100 tins paints, 20 kegs paints, 86 tins paints, 11 casks paints, 1 case paints; W. and G. Turnbull & Co., 6 kegs cream tartar; Samuel Danks & Son, 150 R.W. pipes Wm. Simm, 6 boxes effects, 1 crate effects ; Gibbs, Bright & Co., 56 boxes cornflour, 20 boxes cornflour, 1 case castings, 1 cask castings, 43 pkgs. R. metal, 182 camp ovens, 132 , camp ovens; Mrs. Gardner, 1 box; Greenfield & Stewart, 1 box; B. Maloney, 1 parcel; from Bernard & Co. (to order), 50 cases whisky; from D. Crawford & Son (to order), 30 cases whisky from Peter Denniston & Co. (to order), 3 bales brattice cloth ; from Thomas Cameron (to order), 10 qrs whisky, 10 ccts whisky, 10 qrs whisky, 5 ccts whisky, 2 qrs whisky, 2 ccts whisky, 10 cases whisky; from J. Coats ft Co. (to order), 500 5in C.J. pipes, 500 4in C.J. pipes, 1000 3in C.J. pipes, 94 connections ; from Ashford & Brooks (to order), 1000 fire-bricks, 16 cases files, 2 casks fireclay; from M'Dowall, Steven & Co. (to order), 1000 sash weights, 30 camp ovens, 30 camp ovens, 2 garden rollers, 1 bundle handles, 7 bandies fronts, 1 case castings, 2 casks castings; from Silig, Somenthal & Co. (to order), 2 cases mangles, 9 cases metal, 1 cask metal, 15 bundles register grates ; from Robert Brooks & Co. (to order), 50 cases ginger wine ; from Frank Bailey Co. (to order), 100 cases whisky; from De Lista, Crowe & Co. (to order), 6 qrs whisky, 6 dots whisky, 50 cases whisky ; from Bernard Lewis (to order) 150 cases whisky, 5 casks whisky ; from T. W. ft J Walker (to order), 10 qrs whisky, 5 ccts whisky, 45 cases whisky, 4 qrs whisky, 6 ccts rum, 20 cases rum, 15 cases, whisky, 3 ccts whisky ; from M'Lean Bros. & Rigs (to order), 309 8in c.j. pipes, 513 7in c.j. pipes, 15 7in bends, 10 7in elbows,; 10 7in branches; from Greenless Bros, (to order), 1 case show cards.
Hawera & Normanby Star, 25 September 1909, Page 5
Lunds state that the Clan McIntyre reported sighting the Waratah at 9.30 in the morning of July 27th in the approximate position of latitude 32.17 south, longitude 29.17 east, at a distance of about 51 miles ahead of the wreck reported by the Harlow. The captain of the Harlow suggests that the) bottom of the sea be swept in the locality.
Otago Witness, 22 September 1909, Page 34
The Lund Liner Waratah is still missing, nothing having been heard or seen of the steamer since the day after she left Durban for Capetown. This was on July, 26, so that 56 days have passed away since the steamer was last heard of.
A veteran shipmaster, who for many, years has traded between England and New Zealand, and who has rounded the Cape of Good Hope many times in the course of his voyagings, informed a Christchurch Press reporter on Friday night that it was his firm conviction that it was in every way unlikely that the Waratah was afloat. He pointed out that she was almost a brand new vessel, of the most modern type, fitted with powerful engines and twin-screws, and therefore it was extremely unprobable that both engines or both screws had broken down. With one engine and one screw the vessel would have reached port without difficulty. He further pointed out that the rudder and steering gear had been broken or disabled, the Waratah could still have been taken unto port. There were several instances of twin-screw steamers, having disabled rudders and steering gear, reaching port in safety. If the ship sank upon rocky bottom she would gradually break up and disgorge her contents. If the bottom was sand or silt she would be engulfed in the course of time.
West Coast Times, 31 July 1899, Page 4
The missing steamer Waikato was built in 1892 by W. Doxford and Sons or Sunderland. She is 4676 tons gross register, and 3071 tons net, and. as far as can be ascertained, her officers are as officer, E. J. Tosswill ; third officer, E. Moone; J. Turnbull, supernumerary officer. Captain Neston is on his second voyage to the colony as commander. Mr Tosswill is a native of Akaroa, and Mr Turnbull, who was second officer when the steamer was last here, is a native of Timaru. He resigned his position in London, and was working his passage back to the colony. Mr W. G. Chalk is chief engineer, with Mr Davie second; Mr J. Ross is chief refrigerating engineer, with Mr E. Brown second ; while Mr S. Vizard is chief steward. It is possible that some alteration in the staff was made before the steamer left London. The Waikato is 400 ft long, 48ft beam, and 21ft depth of hold. She is a spar deck craft, and a sister boat to the Hawke's Bay, of the Tyser line. She is regarded as one of the slowest boats engaged in the trade, but a good sea going craft. She carries no passengers.
West Coast Times, 5 November 1875, Page 2
Commenting upon the official record of vessels wrecked and missing during the year 1873-74, the Nautical Magazine says: The most unsatisfactory feature in the present wreck return is the great number of missing vessels. Notwithstanding the reasons we have given for the exceptional increase in the receipt of reports of this class of losses in the year, the numbers are truly alarming. Let us think what the numbers are. Missing vessels: vessels that no one knows anything about! Besides all the known and described wrecks, with their 2100 lives lost, 150 British ships disappeared, clean gone, wiped out like a grease spot, never heard of after leaving port; and this in one year's records. With the 150 missing ships there are also 2381 missing men a good many struck off the muster-roll in a year from one "class" of casualty only. "Being missing" costs the country something. No one can tell the cause of loss; but from evidence as to the loss of other ships it is only reasonable to put them down chiefly to unseaworthy seamen, some to inevitable accident, and some to defects. Would surveys of the ships have prevented the loss? We find on reference to the Registers of Lloyd's, the Liverpool Book, and the Bureau Veritan, that nearly 60 per cent of the finest of these missing vessels were classed in one or more of these registers, 60 per cent we know to have been classed, and probably many of the colonial vessels were classed in local registers. It would therefore be idle to suppose that universal classification would be a sufficient remedy for these disasters, when more than half of the missing vessels in this, the worst year we have ever had, are known to have been surveyed and classed in one or other of the three of the very best associations in the world. We observe also that considerably more than half these missing vessels sailed from foreign and colonial ports. Nautical Magazine.
The Lutine bell belonged to H.M.S. Lutine, 32 guns, which was wrecked off Vlieland, coast of Holland, in October, 1799. La Lutine was originally a French ship. She was captured by Admiral Duncan. When she went down she contained much money and bullion, and Lloyd's suffered heavily. A Dutch salvage company got to work in 1857, and by the end of 1859 Lloyd's had received £22,160 6s 7d. A chair and a table at Lloyd's were made of the ship's rudder, and the bell was also put into use. It has hung in Lloyd's office ever since, and it is safe to say that no bell in history over had such mournful and tragic associations as that possessed by the "Lutine Bell." For more than a century it has tolled forth the grim news to Lloyd's underwriters each time a vessel has been posted as "missing."
Evening Post, 16 October 1880, Page 2
Return of Vessels that have gone to sea since 1850 which have never been heard of again, all connected with New Zealand, giving the name of vessel, port of departure, destination, probable value, of ship and cargo, and number of lives, lost.
Abeona, Wanganui to Manukau, £11007
Argo, Auckland to Bay of Islands, £8006
Briton's Prido, Tasmania to Wellington, £300013
Bonny Lass, Lyttelton to Nelson, £6005
Blue Bell, Port Underwood to Wellington, £60-1
Burmah, London to Lyttelton, £80,00058
Celt, Lyttelton to Wanganui, £16007
City of Nelson, Nelson to Taranaki, £10006
City of Dunedin, Wellington to Nelson, £15,00063
Chanticleer. Timaru to Newcastle, £200012
Collingwood, Golden Bay to Nelson, £2004
Cecilia, Chathams to New Zealand, £800-7
Colleen Bawn, Wellington to Havelock, £150 -7
Dove, Nelson to Hokitika, £4006
Dart, Lyttelton to West Coast, £4005
Dauntless, Timaru to Wellington, £24007
Euphrosyne, Port Chalmers to Oamaru, £17007
Elaenor, New Zealand to Newcastle, £3100 12
Emerald Isle, West Coast to Lyttelton, £5005
Eliza Simpson, Otago to West Coast, £1900 7
Edward, South I. to North I , £8006
Excelsior, Timaru to Wellington, £18007
Eleanor. South I. to North I., £12006
Emma Jane, Hokitika to Manukau, £700 8
Favorite, Manukau to Hokitika, £4505
Flying Fish, Napier to Auckland, £6005
Glenmark, Lyttelton to London, £80,00050
Hope, Auckland to Fiji, £2005
Hinemoa, Auckland to Samoa, £2000 9
Isabella Jackson, Lyttelton to West Coast, £12006
Ivanhoe, Auckland to Fiji, £20007
Julia, Lyttelton to Patea, £6006
Jane Ann, Grey to Lyttelton, £4006
J. B. Russell, South I. to North 1., £20007
Jubilee, Napier to Auckland. £7006
Jane Hanna, South to Lyttelton, £800 5
Kiwi, Hokitika to Manukau, £6009
Kauri, Fiji to Auckland, £14008
Kaituna, Havelock to South, £13006
Kate Williams, Poverty Bay to Auckland, £22003
Kate Brain, South I. to North 1., £20009
Knowsley Hall, London to Lyttelton, £120.000-75
Miranda. Auckland to Napier, £6005
Maid of Kent, South I. to North 1., £20008
Magnet, Melbourne to Grey, £450012
Matoka, Lyttelton to London, £70,00045
Maori Queen, Manukau to Hokitika, £3006
Mary Louisa, Lyttelton to Fiji, £8006
Nebuchadnezzar, Waikato to Manukau, £100 4
Poneke. Grey to Havelock, £12007
Polar Star, Auckland to Napier, £1800-9
Pirinini, Wanganui to Patea, £6005
Pacific, Lyttelton to Manukaa, £15008
Pearl, Auckland to Lyttelton, £15006
Phantom, Lyttelton to Fiji, £8007
Queen, Fiji to Auckland, £280012
Queensland, Newcastle to Lyttelton, £2500 12
Rifleman, Lyttelton to Picton, £15008
Raven Picton to Wellington, £304
Scillonian, Napier to South I., £450-6
Sea Serpent, Chatham I. to N.Z., £14007
Sylph, Hokiatiga to Auckland, £15007
Star of Tasmania, West Coast to Lyttelton, £8006
Sarah, Wellington to Napier, £100-4
Settler, Sydney to Hokitika, £400020
Trieste, San Francisco to N.Z., £800012
Triphena, Wairoa to Poverty Bay, £100 6
Triumph, South I. to North 1., £200 5
T S. Mort, Hokianga to Sydney, £40,000 -40
Union, Newcastle to N.Z., £32,00011
Velocidade. Newcastle to Lyttelton, £6000 12
William Alfred, Sydney to Wellington, £300011
Wairoa, Manukau to Hokitika, £5005
Wave, Wairoa to Auckland, £4005
Wairoa, Poverty Bay to South I., £500-6
Wildfire, Hokianga to Auckland, £5006
Young Greek, Porangahau to Napier, £200 4
Total Vessels, 77 ; value of ships and cargoes, £503,360 ; number of lives lost, 844