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'MINERVA'

New Zealand Bound

Sailed from Plymouth, Oct 12th, 1852. Arrived at Port Cooper, February 2nd, 1853 on her 113th day, a few calms which slowed her down otherwise the voyage was uneventful. Among the passengers in the Minerva is Mr E. G. Wakefield, who has at length realized his long cherished project, and arrived in New Zealand with the intention of becoming a colonist. Mr Sewell us also a passenger, and has come, it is said, on business connected with the Canterbury Association.

(From the Lyttelton Times)
The "Minerva" entered our harbour, on Wednesday afternoon (Feb. 2), after a fair average passage of 112 days from England. She left London on the 12th October, and has had a very agreeably passage, fair weather prevailing throughout. She brings a large number of cabin and intermediate passengers, mostly all for this settlement.

Name of Passenger Alive or dead If alive, present address If dead, date/ place
Adams, Mr dead
Andrews (nee Raven), Mrs alive Christ's College, Chch.
Alder Left the Colony
Brittan, Askham dead
Brittan, Mrs alive England. St. Nea_es, Huntingtondonshire
Brittan, John alive Pleasant Point
Brittan, Mrs alive Pleasant Point
Brittan, Brittan alive Kereru, Hawkes Bay
Birch (nee Raven), Mrs alive England
Beswick (nee Cuff) Mrs Bertha alive Oamaru
Bealey (nee Thompson) Mrs Helen alive England
Burbridge, Miss Left the Colony
Campbell (nee Parsons) Mrs Louisa alive Newtown, Wellington
Chamberlain, Mr
Cooper (nee Parsons) Mrs Annie alive
Cuff, John dead
Cuff, Mrs dead
Cuff, Edwin alive North Island
Cuff, Albert alive Auckland
Cuff, Arthur alive Gisborne
Cuff, Walter alive B.N.Z., Wellington
Deans, John dead Arrived in 1843 Riccarton
Deans, (Mrs) Jane alive Riccarton
Dicken, Miss dead
Docker, Robert dead Leeston
Dunnage (nee Brittan) Mrs Mary Ada alive Pleasant Point
Dunnage (nee Brittan), Mrs Annie dead 1880, Chch
Ellis (nee Revell) Mrs. Charlotte dead Sydenham
Ellison, Mr
Ellison, Mrs
Ellison, Mr (son)
Ellison, Miss
Ellman, Mr alive St. Albans
Fullerd, Captain dead
Fletcher, Miss
Graham, Douglas dead
Hassall, William alive Latter St., Timaru
Hassall,Thomas alive Clarkville, Kaiapoi
Hassall,Thomas dead Kaiapoi
Hassall, (Mrs) Maria dead Kaiapoi
Henslow, Captain
Heywood (nee Cuff) Mrs Ellen dead
Higgins (nee Revell) Mrs Georgina alive Jubilee Home, Chch.
Hope, Mrs
Hope, Joshua
Hope, Horace
Jacobs (nee Tompson) Mrs Emily alive Christchurch
Knowles, John dead
Knowles, Mrs
Knowles (Mrs) senr. dead
Knowles (Miss) Charlotte alive North Belt, Chch
McBeth (nee Parsons) Mrs Henrietta alive 269 Hereford St., Chch.
McDonald (nee Ford) Mrs T. alive Waikuku
Mcpherson (Revell) Mrs Harriot alive Stoke Lodge, Rangiora
Merrin (nee Hassall) Mrs Mary alive Sneyd St, Kaiapoi
Morgan (nee Parsons) Mrs Emily alive Opawa
Parsons, Mrs dead
Parsons, Henry alive Albany
Pavitt (nee Cuff) Mrs Bessie dead
Pavitt (nee Cuff) Mrs Annette dead
Penny, Mr Returned to England
Philpot (nee Rapley) Mrs A.M. alive
Pitt, William alive Victoria St., Richmond
Rankin, Mr.
Rapley, Joseph alive Crescent Rd., St Albans
Rapley, Mr
Rapley, Mrs
Raven, Rev. John dead
Raven, Mrs dead
Raven, Mr alive England
Raven, Miss dead
Redmayne, Mr
Reeves, Miss
Reeves, Miss E.
Revell, Mrs alive Rangiora
Revell, William dead
Revell, Edward alive Old bridge, Kaiapoi
Revell, John alive 37 Hereford St., Chch
Revell, Henry alive Koroweka, Kaiapoi
Revell, Thomas alive Moore St, Ashburton
Rowley, Mr
Rudd (nee Rapley) Mrs alive Avonside
Scrutton, Mr dead 1861
Sewell, Mr
Sewell, Mrs
Shellbrook, Miss
Smith, Mr Returned to England
Smith, Mrs Returned to England
Smith, (nee Walker) Mrs Mary A.C.
Sneyd, Mr
Thompson, Fredk dead
Thompson, Mrs dead
Thompson, Miss Mary alive England
Thompson, Fredk dead
Thompson, Alfred alive N. America
Thompson, Henry alive Lima. Peru, S. America 1892 Napier
Todd (Mrs) dead
Todd, Timothy alive c/o School, Papanui
Torlesse (nee Revell) Mrs Eliza alive Rangiora
Torlesse, Henry dead 1870 Rangiora
Wakefield, Edwd. G. dead
Walker, John alive Langton, Ellesmere
Walker, Mr
Walker, Mrs
Waterlow, (formerly Mrs Scrutton) Mrs alive Clive St. Timaru

Reference: Passenger Lists of Canterbury Association Ships.   To mark the 50th Anniversary of the arrival of the first four ships.  Published Christchurch Press Printers 1900 by Old Colonists Committee (Canterbury N.Z.), contains passenger lists of Canterbury Association Ships arriving before 15 March 1853.  Includes passenger's names, current address (i.e.1900) and date of death. This list above is incomplete. 

ADAMS: Thomas Kinnersley Adams died in Christchurch in 1863, aged 33 years.  In 1856 Rev. John Raven and Thomas Adams took up Run No. 318, in the Albury District, South Canterbury. They sold to Kennaway brothers and Frederick Delamin who already owned Run No. 318, amalgamating to form 'Opawa'. Reference: High Endeavour by William Vance.

Evening Post, 10 January 1929, Page 13
The death is announced of another Southern pioneer resident, in the person of Mrs. M. A. Dunnage, who arrived at Lyttelton with her parents, Mr. and Mrs. J. D. Brittan, in .the ship Minerva, in 1851, the year following the arrival of the First Four Chips. She married Mr. Charles John Dunnage, who had a farm at Rakaia. Later, they .settled at. Pleasant Point. About twenty years ago, after Mr. Dunnage's death, Mrs. Dunnage went to Dannevirke, where she lived until her death. She leaves four sons and four daughters� Messrs. J. D., E. A., A. S., and H. F. Dunnage, Mrs. Searle (Tauranga), Mrs. Christofforson (Motokuku. near Dannevirke), Mrs. W. H. Smith (Dannevirke), and Mrs. T. Cotter (New Brighton). One son, Robert, was killed on Gallipoli. Dr. W. M. Cotter, Christchurch, is one of Mrs. Dunnage's grandsons.

DEANS: Pre-Canterbury colonist of Riccarton and wife from Scotland. John Deans1820-1854.  William Deans 1817-1851, drowned.

DOCKER : "Star" Christchurch June 1881 page 3
Death of an old Colonist - Mr Robert DOCKER - In our issue on Wednesday appeared the notice of the death of an old colonist, Mr Robert Docker, who came to this colony in the ship "Minerva" twenty eight years ago. He was a great fancier of the shorthorn breed of cattle, and was a very successful prize-taker at the Agricultural Shows in Christchurch. He was a man of sound judgment and steady perseverance, and a scholar of no mean attainments. He went to Queen's college, oxford, in 1846, where he obtained a Taberdarship, value 70 a year and tenable for three years. Mr Docker afterwards proceeded to his degree of B.A. He possesses far more than average ability on all subjects relative to classics and history.

"Star" Christchurch  Wednesday 22 June 1881
Death - DOCKER - on 20 June at his late res. Newburn, Drain Road, Doyleston, Robert Docker, age 55yrs. Westmoreland papers please copy.

HENSLOW: friend of Edward Gibbon Wakefield, meet at Malvern, England.

KNOWLES:  Evening Post, 2 November 1908, Page 7
This morning another of Wellington's early settlers passed away in the person of Mrs. Knowles, widow of the late Mr. John Knowles, formerly Under-Secretary for Public Works. The deceased, who was born at London in 1827, arrived in Wellington, via Lyttelton, in the barque Minerva (the last of the Canterbury Association's vessels) with her husband on his Return to New Zealand in March, 1853. Mrs. Knowles was connected with the Terrace Congregational Church for many years, and, until her health failed, did much church and benevolent work in the city. She leaves two children, Mr. William West Knowles, of the Audit Office, and Miss Ellen Alice Knowles.

William Barnard KNOWLES' son Francis came to New Zealand on the "TRAVANCORE" to Lyttelton in 1851. Francis worked at first on the Lyttelton Times, then at Pigeon Bay, later founding the Audlsey Academy, named for his mother, Elizabeth, nee Audlsey, who joined him with his sister in running the school. At some stage his brothers Henderson Charles Haderezer Knowles who held Glentui Run in North Canterbury 1854-75, and William West Knowles of Wellington also came to NZ. Francis had been a scripture reader before leaving England, and apparently took holy orders in NZ. Francis married twice -firstly to Charlotte Wiles by whom he had a son, Walter Frank in 1856, and after Charlotte's death in 1890, to the widow of a fellow clergyman. Walter Frank also joined the Church, becoming a Deacon at Christchurch in 1879. He married Lucy HOLMES of Balclutha in 1883.

PARSONS
Timaru Herald
Monday 2 September 1889 pg2
By the death of Mrs Louisa Parsons on Friday last, at the residence of her son-in-law, Mr C.E. Cooper, Canterbury has lost another of her pioneers. The deceased lady, who was in her 80th year, was the widow of Captain John Parsons, the first harbour-master of Lyttelton. She arrived in Lyttelton in the ship Minerva, in February, 1853, with her family, consisting of four daughters, all now married, and one son, to join her husband, who had some time before come out with Mr Godley. Mrs Parsons resided for several years in Dampier's Bay, Lyttelton. In December, 1860, Captain Parsons died, and his widow continued to reside in Lyttelton until, her daughter being all settled in homes of their own, she broke up her housekeeping, and has since then stayed sometimes with one daughter and sometimes with another, up to the present time; her affectionate and unselfish disposition securing her a loving welcome with each alike. Besides a large circle of sorrowing friends in Wellington, Christchurch, and Timaru, she leaves five children, thirty-six grand-children and four great-grand-children.

Timaru Herald Saturday 31 August 1889 Death
PARSON - On August 30th, at Croploy, Timaru, in her late 86th year, Louisa, widow of the late John Parsons.

Evening Post, 5 September 1889, Page 2
Canterbury papers to hand contain allusions to the death of Mrs. Louisa Parsons, which occurred a few days ago at Timaru. Mrs. Parsons, who, we may mention, was the mother of Mrs. Noble Campbell, of this city, is referred to as one of the pioneer settlers of Canterbury. She was the widow of Captain John Parsons, the first harbourmaster of Lyttelton, and with her family of four daughters came out to join her husband, who had arrived with Mr. Godley some years before, in February 1853, in the ship Minerva. For the last few years Mrs. Parsons, who was in her 80th year when she died, has resided sometimes with one daughter and sometimes with another, her affectionate and unselfish disposition securing her a loving welcome with each alike.

RAPLEY: Mr and Mrs. Rapley had up to eleven children with them on the "Minerva." They were probably in the steerage. The family is not listed in the first or second cabins and there was an additional 43 in steerage.  Two sons were already here with the British army  Joseph Rapley was born in 1848 so he was five years old on the trip. He did live in Avonside 20 years later. Mrs. Rudd, nee Rapley, married Chas. Rudd in 1855, in Christchurch, two years after she arrived.  Joshua was born in Christchurch in 1855, two years after they arrived.  Lyttelton Times 5 Feb. 1853 listing. Granny was Mary Rapley (nee Hersey).  The Fitzgerald's don't feature in the Rapley genealogy. Probably just friends.
The Star. Monday 4 January 1886. RAPLEY - 3 Jan. at her res. Briggs Road, Shirley, Mary Rapley in her 78th year.

They were all literate, for Granny had entered the dates of birth in the from of her Bible and I read them. I was so foolish as to lend the record to p. cousin who failed to return it. So now I have only a faulty memory to rely upon.

They came to N.Z. in 1853 with the Fitzgeralds in the Minerva. A boat of that name had been used to bring convicts to Australia, so it is very probable that this ship was used for immigration when everyone possible was crowding every ship for N.Z. I think Aunt Jemima was born on shipboard. Very rough quarters were given to steerage passengers. They drew their rations from the galley and ate in their own cabin, father, mother and small children. Young teenage girls had their quarters near the captain's quarters. Teenage lads, single men, were accommodated at the bow of the ship, near the ship's crew. On arrival at Lyttleton, men seeking labourers came to the ship to engage the men and boys. The women waited in barracks provided until the men had their job and house; then the women climbed the Bridle path and crossed the Heathcote by the ford at the Ferry road. One old lady I once questioned about that said "Why! I just took off boots and stockings, bent down, caught the bottom of my skirt, pulled it well up between my legs and waded across. We couldn't afford 1/- for a ride to Christchurch in a cart."

They rented a cob house with two upstairs rooms for the family and move in. Grandfather had been engaged by a landowner as one of the gardeners at Burwood, the estate of Mr. Geo. King who, in addition to large and ornate gardens, added peacocks and emus. Every morning Grandfather walked from Papanui Road to Burwood to his day's work-a twelve hour day, 6a.m. to 6p.m. They lived very near to where the ovaltine factory stands. A walnut tree, from a nut Grand-father planted was still bearing when I last saw it. There was one more child, Joshua, born to them in 1855, and he was a lad of 9 when his father died in 1864. The girls found work as cooks and housemaids in the runholder's houses, or else married soon after arriving in the colony.. 

RAVEN: Rev. Raven b. Croydon, England came to be Canon of Christchurch Cathedral but found the foundations were not laid so took up sheep farming. He returned to England with his family c. 1876 on the s.s Tartar which was wrecked. He died at Worthing, Sussex in 1886. Reference: High Endeavour by William Vance.

REVELL: Elizabeth Henrietta Revell came with most of her siblings and her mother, Margaret Elizabeth Revell (nee Braddell). Elizabeth's father, Thomas Revell, arrived later in the year with the elder sons, William and Edward. The family settled at "Korotueka", Kaiapoi. The Revell family before they came to NZ from Teighlin, Ireland. Margaret Elizabeth Revell (nee Braddell).

SEWELL: Henry. A lawyer from the Isle of Wight b. Sept. 14, 1807. Deputy-Chairman of the Canterbury Association. He came to Canterbury to straighten out the financial difficulties of the Canterbury Association. He became the first premier for New Zealand on May 7, 1856, but he resigned on May 20 because his ministry failed to obtain sufficient support in the House.  The Journal of Henry Sewell, 1853-7. Christchurch: Whitcoulls, 1980. The Journal of Henry Sewell, 1853-7. edited by Canterbury University historian David McIntyre. Published by Whitcoulls, Christchurch: 1980. Sewell, H: Volume II: May 1854-May 1857 371pp. The original journals Vol. 1 & 2 are held by the Turnbull Library.  He recorded in his journal "The plains without a compass or marks to steer by are like open sea,".

TORLESSE: Henry Torlesse b.1833 d.1870 m. Elizabeth H. REVELL b.1835, Teighlin, Ireland. m.1857, Kaiapoi, NZ. d.1922. Children: Henry, Louise, Susan, Margaret, Amy, Frances, Charles, Catherine, Mary, Lizzie. Henry lived at Rangiora with Edward Gibbon Wakefield and Charles Torlesse for three years and then managed Fernside Station for a year before giving that up, and studying for ordination. Catherine Gurney m. Charles Martin TORLESSE Children: 7. Charles was older than Henry. [nephews of E.G. Wakefield]  Henry Rev. Henry Torlesse  (brother of Charles) become Chaplain of Christchurch Gaol, hospital and Sunnyside Lunatic Asylum.  Henry is buried at the Rangiora Cemetery.

WAKEFIELD: Occupied two cabins near the poop. The Minerva arrived in Wellington 9 March, 1853 with E.G. Wakefield aboard.

"At Canterbury I could have fancied myself in England, except for the hard-working industry of the upper classes and the luxurious independence of the common people".
E.G. Wakefield